US742629A - Hydrocarbon-burner. - Google Patents

Hydrocarbon-burner. Download PDF

Info

Publication number
US742629A
US742629A US13910003A US1903139100A US742629A US 742629 A US742629 A US 742629A US 13910003 A US13910003 A US 13910003A US 1903139100 A US1903139100 A US 1903139100A US 742629 A US742629 A US 742629A
Authority
US
United States
Prior art keywords
retort
chamber
plate
fuel
burner
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Lifetime
Application number
US13910003A
Inventor
John B Gorrell
Hiram V Gorrell
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
WINFIELD GORRELL
Original Assignee
WINFIELD GORRELL
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by WINFIELD GORRELL filed Critical WINFIELD GORRELL
Priority to US13910003A priority Critical patent/US742629A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of US742629A publication Critical patent/US742629A/en
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical
Expired - Lifetime legal-status Critical Current

Links

Images

Classifications

    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F23COMBUSTION APPARATUS; COMBUSTION PROCESSES
    • F23DBURNERS
    • F23D14/00Burners for combustion of a gas, e.g. of a gas stored under pressure as a liquid
    • F23D14/12Radiant burners
    • F23D14/16Radiant burners using permeable blocks

Description

PATENTED OCT. 27, 1903. B. & v. GORRELL.
HYDROOARBQN BURNER. APPLICATION FILED-TAN. 15, 1903 E0 MODEL.
THE Nonms Pzrzns eo.. PNOTO LITMO. WASNINGTON, nv c.,
UNITED Q STAT-Es Patented October 27, 1903.
PATENT OFFICE.
JOHN B. GORRELL AND HIRAM V. GORRELL, OF LAOTTO, INDIANA, ASSIGNORS OF ONE-THIRD TO WINFIELD GORRELL, OF LAOTTO, INDIANA.
HYDROCARBQN-BURNER.
QPEGIFICATION forming part of Letters Patent 742,629, dated October 27, 1903. Application filed January 15,1903. Serial No. 139.100. (No model.)
To all whom it may concern:
Be it known that we, JOHN B. GORRELL and HIRAM V. GORRELL, citizens of the United States, residing at 'Laotto, in the county of Noble, in the State of Indiana, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Hydrocarbon-Burners; and we do hereby declare that the following is a full, clear, and exact description of the invention, whichwill enable others skilledin the art to which it appertains to make and use the same, reference being had to the accompanying drawings, which form part of this specification.
Our invention relates to improvements in hydrocarbon-burners specially designed and adapted for domestic use and for the generation of steam.
The primary object of our present invention is to provide an improved hydrocarbonburner adapted for the perfect combustion of petroleum ,or other fuel-oils for domestic and other purposes.
In the accompanying drawings similar reference-numerals indicate like parts throughout the several views, in which- Figure 1 is a plan view of my invention, broken away in part. Fig. 2 is a cross-section of the same, showing the relative arrangement of the operative parts. Fig. 3 is a fragmentary enlarged .detail of the retort, showing the perforated plate'used in sepa rating the fuel-chamber from the fuel-oil chamber.
We have illustrated our invention as applied to an ordinary heating-stove, though it may readily be adapted for use in any proper furnace or other situation in which a burner can be employed.
Our improved burner consists of a hollow shell or casing having inlet and outlet draftopenings and a central draft-opening and provided with an annular retort adjacent to said central opening having a liquid-fuel chamber and a generating or vapor chamber provided with a non-combustible absorbent and a deflecting-plate so fixed above said central opening and said retort as to radiallydeflect the draft of said central opening across the top of the combustion-chamber during the process of carburization and means for supplying the liquid fuel to the fuel-chamber.
The burner is mounted in any suitable manner upon a proper base 1 (shown in the accompanying drawings as a common form of base for a heatingstove) and is provided with a plurality of vertical inlet draft-openings 2 and consists of a circular plate 3, provided upon its upper edge with an inwardlyprojecting horizontal flange 4,.to whose inner edge is rigidly fixed the open-topped semicylindrical trough-like retort 5, adapted to contain fragments of fire-brick or other noncombustible liquid-fuel absorbents 6, which are so arranged in the retort-chamber as to leave an annular oil-space 7 directly beneath the fire-brick G and into which the oil is fed from any proper tank or other source of supply in any proper manner, as by an inlet-pipe 8, controlled by a feed-valve 9. The vaporchamber 15 is separated from the oil-chamber 7 by means of an annular perforated plate 12.
The retort 5 may of coursebe cast integral with the said plate 3 and flange 4,if desired.
A circular ooncavo-convex deflecting-plate 10 is arranged directly above the retort 5 and the flange 4 and slightly out of contact therewith, being supported in that position by means of a plurality of pendent lugs 11 on the lower face of the deflecting-plate and which rest upon the inner edge of the retort, as shown in Fig. 2, thereby providing an annular draft-opening between the open top of the retort and the deflecting-plate and also between the flange 4 and the deflecting-plate for the purpose hereinafter described.
The flange 4 is provided with a series of vertical draft -openings 13 adjacent to the outer edge of the retort, as shown in Fig. 3. The operation of our invention thus described is obvious and, briefly stated, is as follows: The annular retort 5 is provided with a proper quantity and arrangement of non-combustible absorbent material, leaving an annular oil-chamber beneath the same, into which the fuel-oil is fed either by gravity,by air-pressure in a wellunderstood manner, or by any other proper manner, discharging into the said chamber through the induction-pipe 8 or any other suitable means. By lighting the saturated material in the retort 5 the heat thereof will continuously and uniformly convert the contents of the fuel-oil chamber 7 into an inflammable fuel-gas in the retort, the flame being constantly maintained by the upward circulation of air through the vertical openings in the base-plate 1 and the vertical openings 13 in the flange 4: and also by the free circulation of fresh air through the said openings 2 and then through the narrow annular opening between the said deflectingplate 10 and the open top of the fuel-chamber, thereby constantly forming an admixture of oxygen with the gas generated in and arising from the fuel-chamber.
The circulation of air through the burner in the process of generation is indicated by arrows in Fig. 2.
Having thus described our invention and the manner of employing the same, what we claim as our invention, and desire to secure by Letters Patent, is-
l. A hydrocarbon-burner consisting of a hollow cylindrical casing closed upon its lower end bya perforated base-plate, and provided upon its upper end with a horizontal flange having a central opening; a pendent annular retort fixed t0 the inner edge of the said flange and arranged in the opening, and having a fuel-oi] chamber and a superimposed vaporchamber separated therefrom by an interposed partition; and a deflector plate arranged above the retort and adapted to direct the flame radially therefrom.
2. In a hydrocarbon-burner the combination of a cylindrical casing having upon its upper edge a horizontal annular perforated flange; a base-plate closing the bottom of the casing and provided with a series of draftopenings; a pendent annular retort fixed to the inner edge of the flange, leaving a central outlet draft-opening, and having a fuel-oil chamber and a superimposed vapor-chamber separated therefrom by an interposed perforated partition; and a deflector-plate arranged above the retort and adapted to direct the flame radially therefrom.
3. The combination of a generator consisting of a hollow casing, a base-plate closing the bottom of the casing and provided with draft-openings, an annular plate closing the top of the casing; and an open-topped retort secured to the inner edge of the annular plate, and having a lower chamber for the liquid fuel, and a compartment separated therefrom for the vapor-chamber; and a deflector-plate so mounted on the casing as to direct the ascending draft radially across the top of the vapor-chamber.
Signed by us at Laotto, county of Noble, State of Indiana, this 10th day of January,
JOHN B. GORRELL. HIRAM V. GORRELL. Witnesses:
SAMUEL F. KNISS, ANDREW BILGER.
US13910003A 1903-01-15 1903-01-15 Hydrocarbon-burner. Expired - Lifetime US742629A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US13910003A US742629A (en) 1903-01-15 1903-01-15 Hydrocarbon-burner.

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US13910003A US742629A (en) 1903-01-15 1903-01-15 Hydrocarbon-burner.

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
US742629A true US742629A (en) 1903-10-27

Family

ID=2811127

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
US13910003A Expired - Lifetime US742629A (en) 1903-01-15 1903-01-15 Hydrocarbon-burner.

Country Status (1)

Country Link
US (1) US742629A (en)

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2737169A (en) * 1951-08-03 1956-03-06 Wayne H Kimberlin Engine heater

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2737169A (en) * 1951-08-03 1956-03-06 Wayne H Kimberlin Engine heater

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
US742629A (en) Hydrocarbon-burner.
US516363A (en) Oil-burner
US508689A (en) engelman
US840657A (en) Oil-burning stove.
US40591A (en) Improvement in gas-heating apparatus
US928620A (en) Oil-burner.
US497490A (en) Oil-burner
US1005965A (en) Vapor-burner.
US576282A (en) Island
US531289A (en) Half to feank f
US759500A (en) Oil-burner.
US492718A (en) Oil-stove
US404098A (en) mahan
US406013A (en) yogel
US766251A (en) Oil-burner.
US788720A (en) Hydrocarbon-burner.
US840292A (en) Hydrocarbon-burner.
US642716A (en) Oil-burner.
US575659A (en) Edwin g
US459694A (en) Vapor-burner
US866604A (en) Denatured-alcohol heater.
US1077678A (en) Oil-burner.
US1172269A (en) Oil and gas burner.
US419826A (en) Oil-burning heating apparatus for water-tanks
US612118A (en) Charles henry myers