US928620A - Oil-burner. - Google Patents

Oil-burner. Download PDF

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US928620A
US928620A US4736??09A US928620DA US928620A US 928620 A US928620 A US 928620A US 928620D A US928620D A US 928620DA US 928620 A US928620 A US 928620A
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Prior art keywords
burner
oil
cover
vaporizer
opening
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US4736??09A
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Charles D Wright
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Charles D Wright
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    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F23COMBUSTION APPARATUS; COMBUSTION PROCESSES
    • F23DBURNERS
    • F23D5/00Burners in which liquid fuel evaporates in the combustion space, with or without chemical conversion of evaporated fuel

Description

G. D. WRIGHT OIL BURNER. APPLIOATION FILED JAN. 22, 1909.
Patented July 20, I909.
3 SHEETS-SHEET 1.
G. D. WRIGHT.
OIL BURNER. APPLIOLATIOH FILED 31.11.22, 1909.
Patented July 20, 1909.
. 3' SHEETS-SHEET 2.
G. D. WRIGHT.
OIL BURNER. APPLICATION FILED JAN. 22, 1909.
928,620. Patented July 20, 1909;
3 SHEETS-SHEET 3.
.rrifrnzr orr cn.
. CHARLES n-vvnienr, or moms, TEXAS.
Specification of heeteli'e ?a %ent.
Eetenteci July 20, 1909.
hiifiii'caflon filed emer es, win. one in, 47min To. (ZZZ wh'o'mfit may (50mm.- v
' Be it known that 1, CHARLES D.'WBIGHT,
a citizen of the United States, residing at- Dallas,. in the county of Dallas and Stabs of Texas,*have invented certain neu an'cl nsefol hfi rovements in Oil-Burners of which the 0 oWi'ngis' a specification.
- This'in-vention i'elatesto certain new and useful improvements in that type or class of hyki'ro-carbon'biirners in which oil is used as fuel, and while it is more especially intended for use and will hereinafter be referred 'to as im oil burner in connectionwith a heating and cooking stove, yet it'is applicable for use," withslight and obvious changes, mother-kinds of appliances which require heat, and for other'purposes; and it consists in certain peculiarities of the construction, novel arrangement, and o ereti'on of the various parts thereof, as will e herei'i'aft'er more fully. setjorth and specifically cai nedl] l I A The principal ect of the invention is to provide an oil burner ofthe above-named general. character, which shall be sini is and inexpensive in construction, strong, urahle and .eiiicieht in operation, and so made that I itspar'ts' will not readi 'y become carbonized so as to chokeu'p the passagw, as often occurs in the oil burners heretofore in common use and also'in such a manner that a double draft oropposin'g drafts; one from the topand the other" from the bottom of the burner,
. will be ailorded, to the end! that almost perfect combustion will be attaimzd thus preventing the loss of fuel in the form of smoke, soot or ui1consumed particles of carbon, yet attaining-the greatest amount.- of heat units from a minimum of fuel.
A further object is to so construct and an range the parts of the burner that the vaporizer or spreader folthe oil may be in some instances shielded in both directions from the drafts of cold air supplied thereto through the draft passages, thus permitting the parts-to become quickly heated and gas innnediately produced.
Still another object is to so make the burner that the residue which so: \e'times clin s to theparts may be removed without liabilitg oi displacing any of the members of the vice.
Numerous other olnccts andadvantages of the invention will he disclosed in the subjoined description and explanation.
In order to enable Others 'slcilled in the ar'tfto which my invention pertains, to make and use the same, i will now proceed to de scribe it; referring to the accompanying drawings, in Wl1lCl'1- Figure 1 isa central vertical sectional View of an oil burner embodying one form of the invention. showing it appliedto a heating sto e; Fig. 2 is a similar view of a. portion of the casing of the heating stove and a partoi the burner, showing the parts shortened for the convenience of illustration and illustrating a modification in' the manner of sugglying 011 to the vaporizer or spreader; i 1 3 is a central vertical sectional view 0 a portion of the casing of a heating stove and a part of the burner, show ing a modification in the construction of the outer'pan of the burner; Fig. l is a view partly invertical section and partly in elevation of a portion of a cooking stove, sl1ow+ ing the burner adapted for use in connection therewit and in position Within the fire box thereof; ig. 5 isa top plan view of the burner for a cooking stove showing it removed from the se ne; and 6 is a plan vievi of a portion of the heating stove shown in *igs. 1 to 3, inclusive, illustrating the vaporizer and-inner: and outer pans with the 'to oi. the burner removed.
' ike numerals of. reference, refer to corrcspondin parts throughout the different views of me drawings.
The referencenumera i '10 designates th casing of a heating. stove, which may be of the ordinary or any preferred construction, but i-nthe present instance is shown as being cylindrical in shape and mounted on a base 11 whichmay be provided with aseries of openings l z for the. admission of air which may pass throu h a central opening 13 in a horizontally isposed, plate or grate 14:
within the stove, to no lower surface of 1 which plate may bepivotally secured a damper 15 having a handle lGBXiGIldQll through the Wall of the base 11, which damper may be turned in either direction on its pivot so to l'lg'gillatl. the grass-age of air through the opening 13 and into and outof the burner.
Located onthe upper surface ofthe horizontal grate 1% is the outer pan 17 oi the burner, which pan is preferably anhuler in shape and has acentral onening 18 in its bottom, as is clearly shown in Fig. 1 of the drawings. Located Within the pan 17 is the inner pan 19 of the hurn'erwhich is also annular in shape and has on its lower furuishi of permitting oi to be psssefi iheret roiigii from s. feed-pipe 27, wliicii may be soonest- I en 29, which is ioeetegl at 2. suitable distance 735 the passage shove the grate which will permit air to pass shown in. Fig. 3 and will sense all of the sir ,videcl on its outer surface with e series of screwecl into 2). suitable opening in the i-op' ,m exteu mg the feed-pipe 27' iiewuwerdly sets in providing the bottom of said pan position ilierein. It will be observeii in Fig. 1 that the PM} 37 is without legs, and in this portion a series of legs 20 to rest on the bottom of the outer pan. and is preferably proradially disposed lugs 21 (see im6xim rest against the iIinersurfsce eitize outer pan 1? so as to firmly llGiiL-itiii position therein. The inner psu 19is proyfiglefieboufi midway between its soils with s liorizoiite lly disposed partition 22 M) the eei trsl upper portion of which is secured the lows? eiigl of a mushroom-she sol vaporizer or'spreedei" 23 for the oil. Tile u er portion of the inner pen 19 is provi e with u @ries of u iriglit extensionsQl on the upper ends of w ion is mounted as hood or cover 25, whielg is preferably dome-shaped as shown. Ex tended through the top of the stove-easing 10 is a draft-pipe 25 which is referably of the hood 25, and isfor the puroose of a downwsrcll iiireeted draft of on? to theliurner, and. a o ior the urpose ed to a source of oil supply (not shown) and provieied with a valve 28 to igegulste tiie flow of oil tllfilillllflllgll.
In Fig. 2 of the drawings 1 have shown a modification inthe means for siipolying oil to the ya o'rizer and burner wine i consists througli'ilie draft-pipeQG and providing its legwer portion with e eonicel or bell-shuped (lirectly above the yeporizer 23, so that in of air downwardly through the i es 26 t e same will bedefieoterl es indiesteoi 59y the arrows and oreventecl from coming in direct contact wit-ii the vaporizer. in other respects, the per-1s oi burner in this modification similar in construction to those shown in Fig. l and abovedescrilse'd. In 3 is shown a modification in the construction of the outer pen 1?, which conwith a series of legs 17 to rest on the grate 14, thus raising the bottom thereof slightly through openings 30 betweeuseiil legs. in this construction, as well esiu the eonstmo tion shown in'Fig. 1, a ring-like piste 31 is employed to fit around the outer surface of the legs 17* and pan l2, re-soeetinv'ely aiiii against the inner surface of tie base 1 of the stove tlius firmly l'AOifilIlg the pen in respect only di-Eers from the construction iopass between the iimer end outer pans. whereas when the construction shown in Fig, 3 is employed a portion only of the sir will beeeused to pass up between Sfifilpailfi.
' In Figs. end 5 of the drawings is shown soother iiidigestion in the commotion of the burner which is'iaepeeiolly'scla ted for use in cooking stoves and in which in e sen le general principle is involved, et in this "constellation s rectangular she legs as in mi 011 lbs grate 34. ,and providefl with s central 0 35 in its 'iiotis'employ em? a similarly shaped inner pen 36. s series-of legs 37 to rest on tlie upper surface of tee imttom of the ouier. penis used, which-inner pen ls outer pan smsller thsri the outer, pan so that passe e y; weys willgeke zifiorded between-their we s..
which adraft-pipe ii extended through the top of the stove-cos is secured, and through which air and 0 may be'psssed to the interior of the inner pen. As in the otliei eoustruetion the bottom of the inner pen he's extended upwardly from its central portion I emushroom-she Jed vaporizer 42 on which the oil may be e osited from a. feecl-pipe (not shown) and tfirougli the draft-pipe 4J1, es in the other construction. The top of the inner pan 36 is preferably provided with strengthening ribs 43 which will render it more durable, and just below said top the wells of the inner pan are provided with openings 44 which will correspond with the openings between the extensions 24, as in the other constructions, emliire for the passage of air.
From the foregoing and by reference to the drawings it will be seen and readily understood that oil may-be turned on at the top of the (heft-pipe by means of the feedpipe 27 amleoek or valve 28, when it will strike the top of the yaporizer or spreader, where it mey be ignited by means of a match or otherwise; and continue to burn as the oil is fed or supplied to said vaporizer, when the 'arts 17, 19, 28 end; 25 of the burner we? become heated and; form gas within time dome and upper portion of the inner pen. I As the air passes down the draft pipe or tube 24: it will meet with the current of sir scimitteclthrough the lower passages, emipess outwarclly from the burner'in the form of flames, time beating the stove-casing. After she parts of the burner have bimome suiiciently heated the draft from below illmllfii'l the openi s 13 and 18 may be turns on and regu eted'by means of the damper 15, or otherwise, and uniting with so. intensely hot flame.
-- It will be understood that the invention 5 susceptible of considerable modification :Wllthfiflfii ieperting from the principles and y season nor as if coal or other fuel is employed.
Havin thus fully described my invention, what I c aim asnew, and desireto'secure by Letters-Patena'is 1. An oil burner oonsistin of spaced apart inner and outer receptac es, the inner receptacle being divided into two compartments and having an apertursd cover and rovided with openings in its upper and ower portions and the lower compartment havin an opening in its bottom, a vaporizer locate in the upper compartment of the inner receptacle, and means tolsuippiy oil to the vaporizer through the aperture in said cover. I v
2. An oil burner consisting or an outer receptacle havin an opening 1n its lower portion, an inner receptacle having a horizontal partition between its upper and lower ends and provided with openings above and below said partition, an aperturcd' cover for said inner receptacle, a vaporizer mounted on said partition below the opening in said cover, andmeans to supply o l to the vaporizer. v
3. An oil burner consisting of an outer re- 'cep'tacle adapted to be supported on the grate of a stove and having an opening in its lower portion, an inner receptacle spaced from the outer one and having a horizontal partition betweenits upper and lower ends and provided with openlngs above and below said partition, on aperturcd cover for saidinnerreceptacle, a vaporizer mounted on said partition below the opening in said cover, and mcnns'to supply oil to the vaporizer.
4. An oil burner consisting of an outer rcceptacle having an opening in its lower portion, an inner receptacle spaced from the outer one and having a horizontal partition between its-upper and lower ends and provided 'with'openings above and below said partition, an apertured cover for said inner receptacle,a-vaporizcr centrally mounted on said partltion below the opening in said cover, a draftipe communicating through said cover wit the upper portion of the inner rsgfptacle, and means to supply oil to the vap izer. a
5. Anoil, burner consisting of an outer receptacle having an opening in its lower portion, In inner receptacle spaced from the outer one and having annppcr and lower compartment and provided withopenings in the upper and lower portions of its walls, on aperturcd cover for said inner: receptacle, a vaporizer located-in the inner receptacle beneath the opening in said cover, and means to supply oil to the vaporizer through the aperture in said cover.
l6. An. oil burner consisting of an outer receptacle having an opening 111 its lmverportion, on lnner receptacle spaced from the' outer one and having a horizontal partition between its upper and lower ends and, provided with openings above and below said partition, an apertured cover for said inner receptacle, a vaporizer mounted on said partition below the opening in said cover and having its u per surface rounded, and means to supply oi to the vaporizer.
7. An oil burner consistin of an outer reoept-acle having an opening in its lower portion, an inner receptacle spaced from the outer oneand having a horizontal partition between its upper and lower ends and. pr vided with openings in its Walls above and below said partition, a dgnneshaped and apertured cover for said innerrece tools, a vaporizer mounted on said. partiti below the opening in'saidcover and h: mg its upper surface founded, a draft-pipe municating tlirou b said cover with the upper portion of t e inner receptacle, and means to so ply oil to the vaporizer.
' 8,1 3.11 oilb tion, an inner receptacle spaced from the outer one'and having a horizontal partition between its upper and'lowe'r ends and provided with openings in its walls above and below said partition, a dome-shaped and aperturcd cover for said inner receptacle, a vaporizer inounted on said; partition. below the opening in said cover, anal having its upper surface rounded, a draft-pipe communicating throu "li'said cover with the upper portion of c inner recs tools, and an oil supply-pipe extended ownwardly through the draft-pi e into the cover of the inner receptacle an lower end.
An. oil burner consisting of spaced apart inner and outer receptacles, the outer receptat-1e having an opemngin its lower portion and the inner receptacle having; an opertured cover and provided withopenings in its up per portion, a va OIl ZeI located within the inner receptacle ielow the opening in the cover thereof, and means to supply oii to the vaporizer through the aperture in said cover.
' CHARLES Di. WRIGHT. Witnesses ELLA Kmnn, l). H. 'lAYnon.
urnor consisting of an outer re; v cepta'cle having an opening in its lower per-i having a heli shaped
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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2561799A (en) * 1946-06-13 1951-07-24 William L Johnson Liquid fuel burning tobacco curing furnace
US2561934A (en) * 1945-11-26 1951-07-24 Reubin E Mayo Fuel burning space heater with draft control means
US2708434A (en) * 1949-11-04 1955-05-17 Nelson Henry Elias Oil burner and stove

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2561934A (en) * 1945-11-26 1951-07-24 Reubin E Mayo Fuel burning space heater with draft control means
US2561799A (en) * 1946-06-13 1951-07-24 William L Johnson Liquid fuel burning tobacco curing furnace
US2708434A (en) * 1949-11-04 1955-05-17 Nelson Henry Elias Oil burner and stove

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