US961386A - Oil-burner. - Google Patents

Oil-burner. Download PDF

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Publication number
US961386A
US961386A US53101409A US1909531014A US961386A US 961386 A US961386 A US 961386A US 53101409 A US53101409 A US 53101409A US 1909531014 A US1909531014 A US 1909531014A US 961386 A US961386 A US 961386A
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Prior art keywords
oil
generator
reservoir
vapor
burner
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Expired - Lifetime
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US53101409A
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John C Banks
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John C Banks
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Priority to US53101409A priority Critical patent/US961386A/en
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    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F23COMBUSTION APPARATUS; COMBUSTION PROCESSES
    • F23DBURNERS
    • F23D14/00Burners for combustion of a gas, e.g. of a gas stored under pressure as a liquid
    • F23D14/46Details, e.g. noise reduction means
    • F23D14/66Preheating the combustion air or gas
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E20/00Combustion technologies with mitigation potential
    • Y02E20/34Indirect CO2mitigation, i.e. by acting on non CO2directly related matters of the process, e.g. pre-heating or heat recovery

Description

J. 0. BANKS.
OIL BURNER.
APPLICATION FILED DEC. 2, 1909.
Patented June14, 1910.
n Ii
J. G] BANKS.
OIL BURNER. APPLICATION FILED DEC. 2, 1909.
Patented June 14,1910.
2 SHEETS-SHEET 2.
Pr iii" OIL-BURNER.
Application filed December 2, 1909.
To all whom it may concern:
Be it known that I, JOHN G. BANKS, a i citizen of the United States, residing at Chillicothe, in the county of Hardeman and State of Texas, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Oil-Burners, of which the following is a specification, reference being had to the accompanying drawlngs.
My invention relates to improvements in oil-burners and particularly to improvements in oil-burners for burning crude oil; and an object of my invention is to provide a burner of the type just referred to which will be simple in construction, relatively cheap in manufacture and most eflicient in operation and use.
In the drawings illustrating the principle of my invention and the best mode now known to me of applying that principle, Figure 1 is a plan of my new oil-burner; Fig. 2 is a side elevation of the same; Fig. 3 is a section on the line AA of Fig. 1; Fig. 4 is a detail which shows the "lid or cover; Fig. 5 is a detail which shows the vapor-generator in elevation; Fig. 6 shows in plan a modified form of my new oilburner; and Fig. 7 is a detail in plan of the combustion-chamber of the oil-burner shown in Fig. 6 with the vapor-generator removed.
Integral with the pan a are cast the walls I), b of the combustion chamber 0 the top of which is covered by the two-part lid (Z. Projecting inwardly into the combustion chamber c from the walls 6, Z) thereof are the lugs e. The latter serve to support a vapor generator f which is in the form of a frustum of a cone (or frusto-conical in shape) and is hollow. Further, the vapor-generator f is formed with an integral partition wall 9 which forms the bottom of an oil-cup h the wall 71 of which is formed with holes y' or is foraminated. At the bottom of the combustion chamber 0 the pan a is formed with an integral oil-reservoir is. One of the walls I) is formed with an ignition hole m through which a lighted match may be passed to inflame the oil in the oil-reservoir k. A pivoted cover-plate n serves as a closure for the aperture m during combustion. The heated gases formed by the burning of the oil in the oil-reservoir 70 pass upwardly, part entering the compartment 0 in the vaporgenerator f below the cup h and part pass- Specification of Letters Patent.
ing through the spaces p between the stoplugs e. The heat from the gases flowing into Patented June it, 1910.
Serial No. 531,014.
1 the compartment or chamber 0 vaporizes the oil in the cup 71. above the chamber 0 and the vapor thus generated flows through the holes j and over the edge of the cup h and meets the burning gases arising through the spaces 1) from the burning oil in the oil-reservoir is. An energetic combustion is thus produced.
The form of pan a shown in Fig. l is adapted and designed to be placed in a cooking-stove or a heating-stove through the end doors thereof, while the form of pan a shown in Fig. 6 is adapted and designed to be placed in similar stoves through the front doors thereof. The walls of the combustion chamber are outside of the stove, when the burner is fitted thereto. Each part of the cover or lid d is formed on its lower face with a rib d to hold it in place and is further formed with air-holes d and a semicircular notch or recess 03*.
As will be readily understood by all skilled in this art, oil will be supplied to the .cup 71. by allowing the oil to drip from a pipe leading from an oil-tank, the oil falling through the hole (Z into the cup h. This is the ordinary, well-known way for supplying oil to oil-burners of the type herein described.
I claim:
1. An oil-burner consisting of a pan pro vided with a combustion chamber and an oilreservoir at the bottom of the latter in which oil is burned; and a vapor-generator supported in said combustion chamber above said oilreservoir and exposed to the heat of the burning gases arising therefrom, there being a free space or opening between the walls of said vapor-generator and those of the combustion chamber for the passage of gas from said oil-reservoir; said vapor-generator having a foraminated wall the holes in which communicate with said space or opening.
2. An oil-burner consisting of a pan provided with a combustion chamber and an oil-reservoir at the bottom of the latter in which oil is burned; and a vapor-generator supported in said combustion chamber above said oil-reservoir and exposed to the heat of the burning gases arising therefrom, there being a free space or opening between the walls of said vapor-generator and those of the combustion chamber for the passage of gas from said oil-reservoir; said vapor-generator being hollow and being formed with a wall which forms the bottom of one chamber and the top of another of two chambers into which said wall divides said vapor-generator; the last-named chamber having an opening opposed to said oil-reservoir.
3. An oil-burner consisting of a pan provided with a combustion chamber and an oil-reservoir at the bottom of the latter in which oil is burned, the Walls of said co'm bustion chamber being provided with lugs spaced apart from each other; and a frustoconical vapor-generator supported slidably in said combustion chamber by said lugs and above said oil-reservoir, whereby said vapor generator is exposed to the heat of the burning gases arising from said oil-reservoir;
7 said gases having a free passage through the spaces between said lugs and outside of the wall of said vapor-generator.
4:. The combination in an oil-burner of a combustion chamber; an oil-resermir in which oil is burned; and a vapor-generator mounted above said oil-reservoir and in said combustion chamber; said vapor-generator being formed with an oil-cup and with a chamber having an opening opposed to said oil-reservoir the burning gases from which are free to enter the last-named chamber from said oil-reservoir; the opening in said chamber being at the opposite end of said vapor-generator from said oil-cup. V
5. The combination in an oil-burner, of a combustion chamber; an oil-reservoir in which oil is burned; and a vapor-generator mounted above said oil-reservoir and in said combustion chamber between a wall of which and the wall of said generator there is a free space for the passage of gas from said oil-reservoir; said generator being formed with an oil-cup and with a chamber beneath the latter and having an opening opposed to said oil-reservoir; the opening in said chamher being at the opposite end of said vaporgenerator from said oil-cup.
In testimony of which I hereunto set my hand at said Chillicothe this 26th day of November, 1909, in the presence of the two undersigned witnesses.
JOHN G. BANKS.
Witnesses:
S. N. MITCHELL It. A. MORGAN.
US53101409A 1909-12-02 1909-12-02 Oil-burner. Expired - Lifetime US961386A (en)

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US53101409A US961386A (en) 1909-12-02 1909-12-02 Oil-burner.

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