US805345A - Oil-burner. - Google Patents

Oil-burner. Download PDF

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Publication number
US805345A
US805345A US27175105A US1905271751A US805345A US 805345 A US805345 A US 805345A US 27175105 A US27175105 A US 27175105A US 1905271751 A US1905271751 A US 1905271751A US 805345 A US805345 A US 805345A
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Prior art keywords
burner
oil
chamber
tubes
apron
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US27175105A
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Emelious Aubrey Cox
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Emelious Aubrey Cox
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    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F23COMBUSTION APPARATUS; COMBUSTION PROCESSES
    • F23DBURNERS
    • F23D11/00Burners using a direct spraying action of liquid droplets or vaporised liquid into the combustion space
    • F23D11/36Details, e.g. burner cooling means, noise reduction means
    • F23D11/44Preheating devices; Vaporising devices

Description

No. 805,345. I PATENTED NOV. 2l, 1905. E. A. COX. l
UIL BURNER.
APPLICATION FILED JULYZQ. 1905.
UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE.
OIL-BURNER.
Specification of Letters Patent.
Patented Nov. 21, 1905.
Application led July 29, 1905. Serial No. 271,751.
To all whom, it may concern.:
Be it known that I, EMnLroUs AUBREY Cox, a citizen of the United States, residing at Humble, in the county of Harris and State of Texas, have invented new and useful Improvements in Oil-Burners, of which the following is a specification.
This invention relates to oil or other liquidfuel burners designed for use in stoves,and has for its objects to produce a comparatively simple inexpensive device of this character in which the oil supplied to the burner will be thoroughly vaporized before passing to the burner-tubes, one wherein a uniform heating of the fuel is maintained, and one in which a supply of vapor will be stored in the burnertubes.
A further object of the invention is to provide a device of this character in which the escape of oil from the burner into the stove is obviated, one wherein a rapid heating of the body of the burner when first ignited is insured, and one in which ready access may be had to the vaporizing-chamber for purposes of cleaning.
With these and other objects in view the invention comprises the novel features of construction and combination of parts more fully hereinafter described.
In the accompanying drawings, Figure 1 is a sectional view of a stove, showing a burner embodying the invention applied thereto. Fig. 2 is a top plan view of the burner on a larger scale. Fig. 3 is a transverse section taken on the Tine 3 3 of Fig. 1. Fig. 4 is a detail view of the plug or closure. Fig. 5 is detail view of a portion of one of the burnertubes.
Referring to the drawings, 1 designates a stove having a top 2 provided with pot-holes adapted to be closed by lids 3, these parts, which are conventionally shown herein, being of the usual construction and material.
Arranged within the stove beneath the top 2 is a burner 4, comprising a hollow metal body 5, presenting an internal vaporizingchamber 6 anda plurality, preferably three, of burner-tubes 7, connected for communication with the chamber 6 through the medium of suitable outlet-ports 8, formed in the top wall of the body, which latter is provided with a projecting marginal flange or apron 9, havinga dished or concaved upper face 10, adapted to receive an absorbent material 11, preferably consisting of a length of asbestos rope,
there being formed in the bottom wall of the body 5 and centrally of the latter an opening 12, normally closed by a screw-plug or closure 13, adapted for removal to permit access to the interior of the chamber 6 and having lugs or projections 14 for engagement by a suitable tool or implement for manipulating the plug. Each of the burner-tubes 7 is closed at its outer end by means of a cap 15 and is provided at a point suitably remote from said end with a jet-opening 16, through which the vapor passes for ignition, there being provided in the stove-top 2 at suitable points above the tubes 7 inlet-openings 17, through which air may enter to supply oxygen to the Hanne for insuring thorough combustion. It is to be observed at this point that owing to the j et-openings 16 being situated remote from the closed ends of the burner-tubes storage compartments or chambers 18 are formed in the latter for holding a surplus amount of vapor to compensate for any irregularity which may in the feeding of the fuel arise in practice.
Extending through one of the lids 3 and communicating at its lower end with the chamber 6 through an inlet-port 19 is a feed pipe or duct 20, leading from a supply-tank 21 and equipped with a controlling-valve 22,by means of which the flow of oil may be regulated and controlled, it being obvious that the oil will when the valve 22 is opened iow by gravity through the pipe 2O and into the vaporizingchamber 6.
In practice when it is desired to light the burner the oil is turned on and flows through pipe 2O into the chamber 6 and thence through tubes 7 for discharge upon the upper face of the body 4, over which it flows and is received in the apron 9 and absorbent material 11, the valve 22 after a suiicient quantity of oil has flowed into the burner being closed. The oil held by the apron 9 and asbestos 11 is then ignited and allowed to burn for heating the body 5 and vaporizing the oil contained in the chamber 6, it being apparent that owing to the apron being extended wholly around the body of the burner and the absorbent material lying against the face of the latter a rapid vaporizing action is insured. As soon as the oil within the chamber 6 has been convertedinto vapor the burner-tubes 16 are lighted and the valve 22 again opened for feeding the oil to the chamber, in which it will in turn be vaporized, thus insuring a constant supply of va- IOO por to the tubes 7. It Will be observed that owing to the chamber 6 being of elongated form, as shown, and the fact that the oil Will flow in the direction of the least resistance a proper feeding of the oil to the burner and of the vapor to the burner-tubes is insured; but in the event of any irregularity in the feed occurring the vapor contained in the storagecompartments 18 will act as a reserved source to supply the jet-openings and obviate extinguishment of the burner. Attention is 1lirected to the 'fact that the absorbent l1 will obviate overflow ot' the oil from the apron 9, and, further, that the plug 13 When removed permits of access being readily had to the interior of chamber 6 for purposes of cleaning.
From the foregoing it is apparent that I produce a comparatively simple inexpensive device admirably adapted for the attainment of the ends in View, it being understood that minor changes in the details herein set forth may be resorted to Without departing from the'spirit of the invention. I
Having thus described my invention, What I claim is-v In a burner of the type described, a body having an internal vaporiZing-chamber and a projecting marginal apron, the latter being provided with an upper concaved face, an absorbent material arranged in the concaved face ot' the apron, a plurality of burner-tubes connected for communication With the vaporiZing-chamber and having jet-openings, and a feed-tube connected With the body for supplying fuel to the chamber.
In testimony whereof I aiiX my signature in presence of two Witnesses.
EMELIOUS AUBREY COX.
Witnesses:
JNO. G. BLACKBURN, IV. H. TAYLOR.
US27175105A 1905-07-29 1905-07-29 Oil-burner. Expired - Lifetime US805345A (en)

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