US750558A - Oil-gas generator and burner - Google Patents

Oil-gas generator and burner Download PDF

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US750558A
US750558A US750558DA US750558A US 750558 A US750558 A US 750558A US 750558D A US750558D A US 750558DA US 750558 A US750558 A US 750558A
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coil
burner
oil
vapor
generator
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    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F23COMBUSTION APPARATUS; COMBUSTION PROCESSES
    • F23DBURNERS
    • F23D11/00Burners using a direct spraying action of liquid droplets or vaporised liquid into the combustion space
    • F23D11/36Details, e.g. burner cooling means, noise reduction means
    • F23D11/44Preheating devices; Vaporising devices

Description

No. 750,558. I PATENTED JAN. 26, 1904.
' R; THAYBR. OIL GAS GENERATOR AND BURNER.
APPLICATION IILED NOV. 21, 1902. NO MODEL. 2 SHEETS-SHEET L f/ R g x 4;
WITNESSES- I v f/vVavm/e Has-sell 77a ycrr 9" I Attorney PATENTED JAN. 26, 1904.
I R. THAYER. OIL GAS GENERATOR AND BURNER.
APPLICATION FILED NOV. 21. 1902.
2 SHEETS-SHEBT 2.
X0 MODEL.
[/VVE/VTOR WITNESSES,-
Imwk mails PETERS 1:0 moron-mun wAsumm-uu. 0:5.
No. 750,558. Patented January 26, 1904.
UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE.
RUSSELL THAYER, OF PHILADELPHIA, PENNSYLVANIA, ASSIGNOR TO THE KITSON HYDROCARBON HEATING AND INOANDESOENT LIGHTING CON PANY, OF PHILADELPHIA, PENNSYLVANIA, A CORPORATION OF WEST VIRGINIA.
OIL-GAS GENERATOR AND BURNER.
SPECIFICATION fQrming part of Letters Patent No. '7 50,558, dated January 26, 1904.
' A licati fil d November 21,1902. Serial No. 132,230. (No model.)
TO 10/1/0717 f y Zn Y burner and oil-vaporizing apparatus embody- Be it known that 1, RUSSELL THAYER, a citi ing features of my invention. Fig. 2 is a top zen of the United States, residing at Philaplan view of the same. Fig. 3 is a perspecdelphia, in the county of Philadelphia and tive view of the deflector, and Fig. 4c is a sec- 5 State of Pennsylvania, have invented new and tional view on line 4 4 of Fig. 1.
useful Improvements in Oil-Gas Generators Referring to the drawings, a represents an and Burners, of which the following is a specioil-gas or vapor generator supported in a castfication. iron basin 7), which latter may be of circular or The principal object of the invention is to other suitable form adapted to be readily in- IO provide a simple, compact, efficient, and inexserted in the fire-box of the ordinary coal range pensive apparatus for generating and burning or furnace. The generator a is preferably comoil-gas, which is adapted and arranged to be prised of an inverted spiral coil and is proreceived in the fire-box of the ordinary coal vided at its lower end with an oil-inlet c and range or furnace and supersede coal as a heatat its outlet end with an L-shaped vapor-dis- I 5 producing medium, the generator being concharge pipe (Z, having an orifice or jet e, which nected with an oil-supply, which may operate constitutes a main burner. The main burner by pressure or gravity. is arranged below and centrally of the coil, Generically stated, the invention comprises and the latter is directly exposed to the flame a main burner, a Vapor-generator communiof said burner. The extension f or dead end 5 2 eating with the main burner and directly exof the coil constitutes a trap for catching or posed to the main-burner flame, and a body holding any dirt or sediment which may be in overlying the generator and provided with the oil and which is carried over by the gas, flue-openings and with means for difl using and by the provision of a screw-threaded plug heat and flames upon the generator. 9 the accumulations of dirt and sediment may 7 2 5 The invention further comprises a main be removed from time to time, and the burner burner, a vapor-generating coil communicatthus kept clean.
ing with the main burner and directly exposed The oil-gas or vapor-generating coil a is covto the main-burner flame, and a deflector overered by an overlying body IL, of refractory lying the coil and provided with flue-openings material, supported in any suitable manner, 3 and means for partially inclosing the coil. as by the vertical supports or legs 2', which The inventionfurther comprises a main rest upon the basin 6 and permit free access burner, a vapor-generating coil communicats of air to the burner. The body it is provided ing with the main burner and directly exposed on its under side and concentrically of the coil to the main-burner flame, abasin below the coil with a convex portion or bafl le j, which is di- 35 and burner, and a deflector overlying and suprected axially of the coil and constitutes a deported independently of the coil and burner. flector or spreader for diffusing the heat and The invention further comprises the burner flames uponthe several helices or convolutions and vapor-generating apparatus hereinafter of the coil.
described and finally claimed. A: represents flue-openings in the body it 8 5 4 The nature, characteristic features, and for the emission of flames and products of comscope of the invention will be more clearly unbustion, and l is a downwardly-extending segderstood from the following detailed descripmental flange which deflects heat upon the tion, taken in connection with the accompanydischarge-pipe d and also partly incloses the ing drawings, forming a part hereof, Wherecoil. 9
45 1n The operation of the apparatus is as follows:
Figure 1 is a central sectional view of a Oombustlble matteras oil, paper, or kindling-is placed in the basin Z2 and ignited, and oil is supplied to the coil either by gravity or under pressure. The oil escapes at the jet or burner e and is ignited by the fire in the basin. In a very short time the coil is sufficiently heated by burning oil to vaporize further supplies of oil, and the vapor escapes and burns at the orifice e. The flame is deflected by the bafl'le j, and a portion escapes around the casting in Z and between the supports of the same and in so doing heats to redness the upper portion of the coil. A smokeless flame also issues from the apertures k in the overlying member or body it, and the latter becomes very hot and refracts heat back upon the coil. By this means the oil is perfectly converted into a highly-combustible gas, and its entire heat may be utilized in the range or heater for cooking or heating purposes.
It will be observed that the process of vaporization is a gradual one-that is to say, the oil is gradually heated up to a very highternperature before being vaporized and when vaporized is instantly discharged and consumed. In other words, owing to the peculiar construction of the apparatus the lower helices of the coil are not as hot as the upper helix, the fact being that when the burner is first started the lower portion of the coil is black. As soon, however, as the apparatus begins to generate vapor the lower portion of the coil takes on a dull red color, while the upper helix becomes a bright red.
It will be apparent that on large ranges and the like a battery of two or more of these oilgas generators and burners may be placed in juxtaposition on the grate-bars'and connected together for simultaneous operation, thereby affording a relatively increased heating capacity.
It will be obvious to those skilled in the artto which the invention relates that modifications may be made in details without departing from the spirit and scope of the same. Hence 1 do not limit myself to the precise construction and arrangement of parts hereinbefore described, and illustrated in the accompanying drawings; but,
Having described the nature and objects of the invention, what is claimed as new, and desired to be secured by Letters Patent, is'
1. The combination of a main burner, a vapor-generator consisting of a helical coil which communicates with the main burner and whereof the helices are exposed to the main-burner flame, and a refractory body overlying and supported independently of the generator and burner and provided with a depending convex portion which projects partly within the axial plane of the coil and constitutes a spreader for the main -burner flame, and with openings at the base of said convex portion for the emission of flames and products of combustion, and with an overhang or flange, which constitutes a baffle for the discharge end of the coil, substantially as described.
2. The combination of a vaporgenerator consisting of an inverted spiral coil provided at its lower end with an oil-inlet and having its other end extending downwardly and transversely of the coil and served centrally thereof with a vapor-discharge outlet, a basin below the coil, and a detachable refractory body overlying the coil and having a depending convex portion which projects partly within the axial plane of the coil to constitute a spreader for the flame, and having openings at the base of said convex portion for the emission of flames and products of combustion.
3. The combination ofa vaporgenerator consisting of an inverted spiral coil provided at one end with an oil-inlet and having its other end terminating in an L-shaped portion which extends below the coil and is provided axially thereof with a vapor-discharge outlet, a basin below the coil, and a detachable refractory body overlying the coil and having legs or supports which rest upon the bottom of the basin, said body having a downwardlydirected convex portion or spreader projecting partly within the axial plane of the coil, and having an overhang or flange, which constitutes a baflie for said L-shaped portion, substantially as described.
4. The combination of a vapor-generator consisting of an inverted spiral coil provided at one end with an oil-inlet and having its other end terminating in an L-shaped portion which extends below the coil and is provided axially thereof with a vapor-discharge outlet, a basin below the coil, adetachable refractory body overlying the coil and having legs or supports which rest upon the bottom of the basin, said body having a downwardly-directed convex portion or spreader projecting partly within the axial plane of the coil, and a depending segmental flange which serves to deflect heat upon said L-shaped or discharge portion of the coil, substantially as described.
In testimony whereof I have hereunto signed my name in the presence of two subscribing Witnesses.
RUSSELL THAYER. Witnesses F. H. MACMORRIS, AMBRosE F. Fow.
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