US20080249491A1 - Absorbent articles having cuffs with skin care composition disposed thereon - Google Patents

Absorbent articles having cuffs with skin care composition disposed thereon Download PDF

Info

Publication number
US20080249491A1
US20080249491A1 US11/821,612 US82161207A US2008249491A1 US 20080249491 A1 US20080249491 A1 US 20080249491A1 US 82161207 A US82161207 A US 82161207A US 2008249491 A1 US2008249491 A1 US 2008249491A1
Authority
US
United States
Prior art keywords
skin
skin care
cuff
care composition
absorbent article
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Abandoned
Application number
US11/821,612
Inventor
Terrill A. Young
Susan L. Wilking
Thomas Edward Schulte
Laura Graves VanRijswijck Kiely
Donald C. Roe
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Procter and Gamble Co
Original Assignee
Procter and Gamble Co
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Family has litigation
Priority to US08/345,159 priority Critical patent/US5643588A/en
Priority to US08/766,386 priority patent/US6156024A/en
Priority to US08/884,069 priority patent/US6118041A/en
Priority to US08/962,310 priority patent/US6166285A/en
Priority to US39884299A priority
First worldwide family litigation filed litigation Critical https://patents.darts-ip.com/?family=23353799&utm_source=google_patent&utm_medium=platform_link&utm_campaign=public_patent_search&patent=US20080249491(A1) "Global patent litigation dataset” by Darts-ip is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
Application filed by Procter and Gamble Co filed Critical Procter and Gamble Co
Priority to US11/821,612 priority patent/US20080249491A1/en
Assigned to PROCTER & GAMBLE COMPANY, THE reassignment PROCTER & GAMBLE COMPANY, THE ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST (SEE DOCUMENT FOR DETAILS). Assignors: WILKING, SUSAN L., KIELY, LAURA GRAVES VANRIJSWIJCK, ROE, DONALD C., YOUNG, TERRILL A., SCHULTE, THOMAS EDWARD
Publication of US20080249491A1 publication Critical patent/US20080249491A1/en
Application status is Abandoned legal-status Critical

Links

Classifications

    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61LMETHODS OR APPARATUS FOR STERILISING MATERIALS OR OBJECTS IN GENERAL; DISINFECTION, STERILISATION, OR DEODORISATION OF AIR; CHEMICAL ASPECTS OF BANDAGES, DRESSINGS, ABSORBENT PADS, OR SURGICAL ARTICLES; MATERIALS FOR BANDAGES, DRESSINGS, ABSORBENT PADS, OR SURGICAL ARTICLES
    • A61L15/00Chemical aspects of, or use of materials for, bandages, dressings or absorbent pads
    • A61L15/16Bandages, dressings or absorbent pads for physiological fluids such as urine or blood, e.g. sanitary towels, tampons
    • A61L15/42Use of materials characterised by their function or physical properties
    • A61L15/48Surfactants
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61FFILTERS IMPLANTABLE INTO BLOOD VESSELS; PROSTHESES; DEVICES PROVIDING PATENCY TO, OR PREVENTING COLLAPSING OF, TUBULAR STRUCTURES OF THE BODY, e.g. STENTS; ORTHOPAEDIC, NURSING OR CONTRACEPTIVE DEVICES; FOMENTATION; TREATMENT OR PROTECTION OF EYES OR EARS; BANDAGES, DRESSINGS OR ABSORBENT PADS; FIRST-AID KITS
    • A61F13/00Bandages or dressings; Absorbent pads
    • A61F13/15Absorbent pads, e.g. sanitary towels, swabs or tampons for external or internal application to the body; Supporting or fastening means therefor; Tampon applicators
    • A61F13/51Absorbent pads, e.g. sanitary towels, swabs or tampons for external or internal application to the body; Supporting or fastening means therefor; Tampon applicators characterised by the outer layers
    • A61F13/511Topsheet, i.e. the permeable cover or layer facing the skin
    • A61F13/51113Topsheet, i.e. the permeable cover or layer facing the skin comprising an additive, e.g. lotion or odour control
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61FFILTERS IMPLANTABLE INTO BLOOD VESSELS; PROSTHESES; DEVICES PROVIDING PATENCY TO, OR PREVENTING COLLAPSING OF, TUBULAR STRUCTURES OF THE BODY, e.g. STENTS; ORTHOPAEDIC, NURSING OR CONTRACEPTIVE DEVICES; FOMENTATION; TREATMENT OR PROTECTION OF EYES OR EARS; BANDAGES, DRESSINGS OR ABSORBENT PADS; FIRST-AID KITS
    • A61F13/00Bandages or dressings; Absorbent pads
    • A61F13/15Absorbent pads, e.g. sanitary towels, swabs or tampons for external or internal application to the body; Supporting or fastening means therefor; Tampon applicators
    • A61F13/84Accessories, not otherwise provided for, for absorbent pads
    • A61F13/8405Additives, e.g. for odour, disinfectant or pH control
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61KPREPARATIONS FOR MEDICAL, DENTAL, OR TOILET PURPOSES
    • A61K8/00Cosmetics or similar toilet preparations
    • A61K8/02Cosmetics or similar toilet preparations characterised by special physical form
    • A61K8/0208Tissues; Wipes; Patches
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61KPREPARATIONS FOR MEDICAL, DENTAL, OR TOILET PURPOSES
    • A61K8/00Cosmetics or similar toilet preparations
    • A61K8/18Cosmetics or similar toilet preparations characterised by the composition
    • A61K8/30Cosmetics or similar toilet preparations characterised by the composition containing organic compounds
    • A61K8/31Hydrocarbons
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61KPREPARATIONS FOR MEDICAL, DENTAL, OR TOILET PURPOSES
    • A61K8/00Cosmetics or similar toilet preparations
    • A61K8/18Cosmetics or similar toilet preparations characterised by the composition
    • A61K8/30Cosmetics or similar toilet preparations characterised by the composition containing organic compounds
    • A61K8/33Cosmetics or similar toilet preparations characterised by the composition containing organic compounds containing oxygen
    • A61K8/39Derivatives containing from 2 to 10 oxyalkylene groups
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61KPREPARATIONS FOR MEDICAL, DENTAL, OR TOILET PURPOSES
    • A61K8/00Cosmetics or similar toilet preparations
    • A61K8/18Cosmetics or similar toilet preparations characterised by the composition
    • A61K8/30Cosmetics or similar toilet preparations characterised by the composition containing organic compounds
    • A61K8/49Cosmetics or similar toilet preparations characterised by the composition containing organic compounds containing heterocyclic compounds
    • A61K8/4973Cosmetics or similar toilet preparations characterised by the composition containing organic compounds containing heterocyclic compounds with oxygen as the only hetero atom
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61KPREPARATIONS FOR MEDICAL, DENTAL, OR TOILET PURPOSES
    • A61K8/00Cosmetics or similar toilet preparations
    • A61K8/18Cosmetics or similar toilet preparations characterised by the composition
    • A61K8/30Cosmetics or similar toilet preparations characterised by the composition containing organic compounds
    • A61K8/49Cosmetics or similar toilet preparations characterised by the composition containing organic compounds containing heterocyclic compounds
    • A61K8/4993Derivatives containing from 2 to 10 oxyalkylene groups
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61KPREPARATIONS FOR MEDICAL, DENTAL, OR TOILET PURPOSES
    • A61K8/00Cosmetics or similar toilet preparations
    • A61K8/18Cosmetics or similar toilet preparations characterised by the composition
    • A61K8/96Cosmetics or similar toilet preparations characterised by the composition containing materials, or derivatives thereof of undetermined constitution
    • A61K8/97Cosmetics or similar toilet preparations characterised by the composition containing materials, or derivatives thereof of undetermined constitution from algae, fungi, lichens or plants; from derivatives thereof
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61LMETHODS OR APPARATUS FOR STERILISING MATERIALS OR OBJECTS IN GENERAL; DISINFECTION, STERILISATION, OR DEODORISATION OF AIR; CHEMICAL ASPECTS OF BANDAGES, DRESSINGS, ABSORBENT PADS, OR SURGICAL ARTICLES; MATERIALS FOR BANDAGES, DRESSINGS, ABSORBENT PADS, OR SURGICAL ARTICLES
    • A61L15/00Chemical aspects of, or use of materials for, bandages, dressings or absorbent pads
    • A61L15/16Bandages, dressings or absorbent pads for physiological fluids such as urine or blood, e.g. sanitary towels, tampons
    • A61L15/22Bandages, dressings or absorbent pads for physiological fluids such as urine or blood, e.g. sanitary towels, tampons containing macromolecular materials
    • A61L15/34Oils, fats, waxes or natural resins
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61QSPECIFIC USE OF COSMETICS OR SIMILAR TOILET PREPARATIONS
    • A61Q19/00Preparations for care of the skin
    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D21PAPER-MAKING; PRODUCTION OF CELLULOSE
    • D21HPULP COMPOSITIONS; PREPARATION THEREOF NOT COVERED BY SUBCLASSES D21C OR D21D; IMPREGNATING OR COATING OF PAPER; TREATMENT OF FINISHED PAPER NOT COVERED BY CLASS B31 OR SUBCLASS D21G; PAPER NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • D21H17/00Non-fibrous material added to the pulp, characterised by its constitution; Paper-impregnating material characterised by its constitution
    • D21H17/03Non-macromolecular organic compounds
    • D21H17/05Non-macromolecular organic compounds containing elements other than carbon and hydrogen only
    • D21H17/06Alcohols; Phenols; Ethers; Aldehydes; Ketones; Acetals; Ketals
    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D21PAPER-MAKING; PRODUCTION OF CELLULOSE
    • D21HPULP COMPOSITIONS; PREPARATION THEREOF NOT COVERED BY SUBCLASSES D21C OR D21D; IMPREGNATING OR COATING OF PAPER; TREATMENT OF FINISHED PAPER NOT COVERED BY CLASS B31 OR SUBCLASS D21G; PAPER NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • D21H17/00Non-fibrous material added to the pulp, characterised by its constitution; Paper-impregnating material characterised by its constitution
    • D21H17/03Non-macromolecular organic compounds
    • D21H17/05Non-macromolecular organic compounds containing elements other than carbon and hydrogen only
    • D21H17/07Nitrogen-containing compounds
    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D21PAPER-MAKING; PRODUCTION OF CELLULOSE
    • D21HPULP COMPOSITIONS; PREPARATION THEREOF NOT COVERED BY SUBCLASSES D21C OR D21D; IMPREGNATING OR COATING OF PAPER; TREATMENT OF FINISHED PAPER NOT COVERED BY CLASS B31 OR SUBCLASS D21G; PAPER NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • D21H17/00Non-fibrous material added to the pulp, characterised by its constitution; Paper-impregnating material characterised by its constitution
    • D21H17/03Non-macromolecular organic compounds
    • D21H17/05Non-macromolecular organic compounds containing elements other than carbon and hydrogen only
    • D21H17/14Carboxylic acids; Derivatives thereof
    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D21PAPER-MAKING; PRODUCTION OF CELLULOSE
    • D21HPULP COMPOSITIONS; PREPARATION THEREOF NOT COVERED BY SUBCLASSES D21C OR D21D; IMPREGNATING OR COATING OF PAPER; TREATMENT OF FINISHED PAPER NOT COVERED BY CLASS B31 OR SUBCLASS D21G; PAPER NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • D21H17/00Non-fibrous material added to the pulp, characterised by its constitution; Paper-impregnating material characterised by its constitution
    • D21H17/20Macromolecular organic compounds
    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D21PAPER-MAKING; PRODUCTION OF CELLULOSE
    • D21HPULP COMPOSITIONS; PREPARATION THEREOF NOT COVERED BY SUBCLASSES D21C OR D21D; IMPREGNATING OR COATING OF PAPER; TREATMENT OF FINISHED PAPER NOT COVERED BY CLASS B31 OR SUBCLASS D21G; PAPER NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • D21H21/00Non-fibrous material added to the pulp, characterised by its function, form or properties; Paper-impregnating or coating material, characterised by its function, form or properties
    • D21H21/14Non-fibrous material added to the pulp, characterised by its function, form or properties; Paper-impregnating or coating material, characterised by its function, form or properties characterised by function or properties in or on the paper
    • D21H21/22Agents rendering paper porous, absorbent or bulky
    • D21H21/24Surfactants
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61FFILTERS IMPLANTABLE INTO BLOOD VESSELS; PROSTHESES; DEVICES PROVIDING PATENCY TO, OR PREVENTING COLLAPSING OF, TUBULAR STRUCTURES OF THE BODY, e.g. STENTS; ORTHOPAEDIC, NURSING OR CONTRACEPTIVE DEVICES; FOMENTATION; TREATMENT OR PROTECTION OF EYES OR EARS; BANDAGES, DRESSINGS OR ABSORBENT PADS; FIRST-AID KITS
    • A61F13/00Bandages or dressings; Absorbent pads
    • A61F13/15Absorbent pads, e.g. sanitary towels, swabs or tampons for external or internal application to the body; Supporting or fastening means therefor; Tampon applicators
    • A61F13/51Absorbent pads, e.g. sanitary towels, swabs or tampons for external or internal application to the body; Supporting or fastening means therefor; Tampon applicators characterised by the outer layers
    • A61F13/511Topsheet, i.e. the permeable cover or layer facing the skin
    • A61F13/51113Topsheet, i.e. the permeable cover or layer facing the skin comprising an additive, e.g. lotion or odour control
    • A61F2013/51117Topsheet, i.e. the permeable cover or layer facing the skin comprising an additive, e.g. lotion or odour control the lotion having skin care properties
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61KPREPARATIONS FOR MEDICAL, DENTAL, OR TOILET PURPOSES
    • A61K2800/00Properties of cosmetic compositions or active ingredients thereof or formulation aids used therein and process related aspects
    • A61K2800/20Chemical, physico-chemical or functional or structural properties of the composition as a whole
    • A61K2800/30Characterized by the absence of a particular group of ingredients
    • A61K2800/31Anhydrous

Abstract

An absorbent article, such as a diaper, containing cuffs with a skin care composition disposed thereon. In one embodiment the cuff is a nonwoven leg cuff comprising spunbonded nonwoven material and characterized by the lack of a meltblown component, the nonwoven material having a basis weight of about 17 gsm and a hydrostatic head of at least about 95 mm. The spunbonded material comprises metallocene polypropylene fibers having a denier of less than about 1.3. In another embodiment, small amounts of meltblown fibers, for example, up to about 10% by weight, can be added to the metallocene polypropylene spunbonded material to increase production rates of the nonwoven material, without an unacceptable decrease in skin health benefits. The skin care composition disposed on the cuffs is transferable to the wearer's skin by normal contact and/or wearer motion and/or body heat. The skin care compositions disclosed in the present invention are selected to maintain and/or improve the skin health of the wearer upon transfer during use, for example, to provide a skin protective barrier or a therapeutic benefit; to minimize the abrasion between the cuffs and skin in the area where the cuffs contact the wearer's skin, resulting in less skin irritation; to improve BM clean up on the skin, or to improve the barrier properties of the cuffs.

Description

  • This is a continuation application of Ser. No. 09/398,842 filed on Sep. 17, 1999 which is a continuation-in-part of application Ser. No. 08/962,310 filed Oct. 31, 1997, which is a continuation in part of application Ser. No. 08/766,386, filed on Dec. 3, 1996; and is a continuation-in-part of application Ser. No. 08/884,069 filed on Jun. 27, 1997, which is a continuation of application Ser. No. 08/345,159, filed on Nov. 28, 1994, now U.S. Pat. No. 5,463,588; and is a continuation-in-part of application Ser. No. 08/908,852 filed on Aug. 8, 1997.
  • TECHNICAL FIELD
  • The present invention relates to absorbent articles such as diapers, training pants, adult incontinence devices, sanitary napkins, feminine garments, and the like, having cuffs, including elastic leg cuffs. More particularly, the present invention relates to absorbent articles having a skin care composition disposed on the cuffs or the cuffs and the topsheet that is transferable to the wearer's skin by normal contact and/or wearer motion and/or body heat. The skin care compositions disclosed in the present invention are selected to maintain and/or improve the skin health of the wearer upon transfer during use, for example, to provide a skin protective barrier or a therapeutic benefit; to minimize the abrasion between the cuffs and skin in the area where the cuffs contact the wearer's skin, resulting in less red marking or skin irritation; to improve BM clean up on the skin, or to improve the barrier properties of the cuffs.
  • BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION
  • The major function of absorbent articles such as disposable diapers and incontinent briefs or undergarments is to absorb and contain body exudates. Such articles are thus intended to prevent body exudates from soiling, wetting, or otherwise contaminating clothing or other articles, such as bedding, that come in contact with the wearer. The most common mode of failure for such products occurs when body exudates leak out of the gaps between the article and the wearer's legs or waist to adjacent clothing because they are not immediately absorbed within the article and the absorbent article is not able to sustain a good fit on the wearer such that gaps are created allowing the exudates to leak out of the article. For example, urine tends to be deposited onto the topsheet in gushes such that the urine migrates to the gaps between the article and the wearer where it can come in contact with clothing or other articles and be absorbed by these articles. Additionally, loose fecal material that is not easily absorbed by the absorbent article tends to “float” on the body-contacting surface and work its way past the gaps between the article and the legs or waist of the wearer.
  • Contemporary disposable diapers have a topsheet, a backsheet, an absorbent core, and one or more cuffs, typically elastic cuffs, positioned to contact the legs and/or waist of the wearer. These elastic cuffs prove effective generally to prevent wicking and overflow from the fluid laden diaper to clothing contacting the edges of the diaper in that the elastic cuffs present a barrier between the edge of the diaper and the contacting clothing, and generally in addition, provide a gasketing action about the legs or waist of the wearer to maintain a seal about the leg or waist and minimize gapping. However, because the forces generated by the elastic members are concentrated along a narrow area resulting in high localized pressures, such elastic cuffs have an increased tendency to indent and mark the skin of the wearer. These skin effects are particularly acute for products worn by infants and incontinent elderly adults due to the tenderness of their skin and its sensitivity to even slight pressures or rubbing actions. These skin effects are even further acute due to the occlusion of the skin caused by such products. The occlusion of the skin by the diaper can potentially lead to skin overhydration. As a result, overhydrated skin is more susceptible to damage from abrasion due to rubbing caused by normal wearer movements and contact with the elastic cuffs. It is also generally known that overhydrated skin is more susceptible to skin disorders, including diaper rash, erythema, heat rash, abrasion, pressure marks, and skin barrier loss. The reduced barrier efficiency of abraded, overhydrated skin can further cause an increase in diaper rash. (21 C.F.R. 333.503 defines diaper rash as “[a]n inflammatory skin condition in the diaper area (perineum, buttocks, lower abdomen, and inner thighs) caused by one or more of the following factors: moisture, occlusion, chafing, continued contact with urine or feces or both, or mechanical or chemical irritation.”) To address the concerns of skin disorders associated with wearing diapers and other absorbent articles, the caregiver or wearer often applies skin protective and/or therapeutic products to the buttocks, genitals, anal and/or other regions before placing the absorbent article on the wearer. This procedure usually involves the caregiver applying the skin protective product to their hands, and then wiping the same on the skin of the wearer. To eliminate the need for this wasteful, messy, time-consuming, and easily forgotten procedure, there have been attempts to prepare absorbent articles which contain a skin care substance on the article's topsheet.
  • One substance that has been applied to diaper products to impart a soothing, protective coating is mineral oil. Mineral oil (also known as liquid petrolatum) is a mixture of various liquid hydrocarbons obtained by distilling the high-boiling (i.e., 300°-390° C.) fractions in petroleum. Mineral oil is liquid at ambient temperatures, e.g. 20°-25° C.: As a result, mineral oil is relatively fluid and mobile when applied to diapers. Because mineral oil is fluid and mobile at ambient temperatures, it tends not to remain localized on the surface of the diaper, but instead migrates into the interior of the diaper. Accordingly, relatively high levels of mineral oil need to be applied to the diaper to provide the desired therapeutic or protective coating benefits. This leads not only to increased costs for these treated diaper products, but other detrimental effects as well, including decreased absorbency of the underlying absorbent core.
  • Even without increasing its level, the tendency of mineral oil to migrate once applied has other detrimental effects. For example, the applied mineral oil can transfer to, into and through the packaging or wrapper material for the treated diaper product. This can create the need for barrier-type packaging or wrapper films to avoid smearing or other leakage of mineral oil from the diaper product.
  • U.S. Pat. No. 3,489,148 to Duncan, et al. teaches a baby diaper comprising a hydrophobic and oleophobic topsheet wherein a portion of the topsheet is coated with a discontinuous film of oleaginous material. A major disadvantage of the diapers disclosed in the Duncan et al. reference is that the hydrophobic and oleophobic topsheets are slow in promoting transfer of urine to the underlying absorbent cores.
  • In addition to the migration problems encountered by placing liquid compositions on the topsheet, the prior art has failed to recognize the skin care detriments caused by the use of cuffs, nor of a way to treat the cuffs so that skin care compositions disposed thereon remain on the cuff and transfer to the wearer's skin in an effective amount to provide a skin care benefit. The prior art has also failed to recognize that treatment of an article's topsheet alone does not necessarily transfer the composition to all critical regions of the wearer's skin.
  • Thus, it would be desirable to provide an absorbent article having cuffs wherein a skin care composition is disposed on the cuffs to provide improved skin care benefits, particularly in skin regions in contact with the wearer during use. The skin care composition must be transferable to the wearer's skin to provide these skin benefits, as well as not inhibiting the functionality of the cuff in the product.
  • Accordingly, it would be desirable to provide diaper products or other absorbent articles having one or more cuffs with a skin care composition disposed thereon that: (1) have desirable therapeutic or protective coating benefits; and/or (2) do not require relatively high levels of skin care compositions that are liquid at room temperature (e.g., mineral oil); and/or (3) do not adversely affect the absorbency of the diaper product; and/or (4) do not necessarily require special wrapping or barrier materials for packaging.
  • Therefore, it is an object of the present invention to provide a diaper or absorbent article having one or more cuffs with a skin care composition disposed thereon, wherein at least a portion of the composition is transferable to the wearer's skin to provide desirable skin care benefits, including less skin irritation, less red marking, therapeutic benefits including a reduction in erythema and/or diaper rash, and/or reducing the adherence of BM to the skin, thereby improving the ease of BM cleanup. It is another object of the present invention to improve the containment/barrier function of cuffs when hydrophobic skin care compositions are used.
  • These and other objects are obtained using the present invention, as will become readily apparent from a reading of the following disclosure.
  • SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION
  • The present invention relates to an absorbent article, such as a disposable diaper, having one or more cuffs with a skin care composition disposed on (applied or migratable to) the body surface of the cuffs. Importantly, the skin care compositions useful herein are readily transferable to the wearer's skin by way of normal contact, wearer motion, and/or body heat. Upon transfer to the skin, the skin care composition provides desirable therapeutic and/or protective coating benefits resulting in less red marking, erythema, diaper rash, skin irritation, and/or reducing the adherence of BM to the skin of the wearer, thereby improving the ease of BM clean up. Where hydrophobic skin care compositions are employed, the skin care compositions described herein can also increase the containment/barrier properties of the cuffs, thereby improving their leakage protection. Such a hydrophobic skin care composition particularly allows for flexibility in cuff designs using nonwoven materials by providing an alternate method to achieve the desired containment/barrier properties. This can lead to reduced material costs.
  • As used herein, the term “cuff” includes leg cuffs including barrier cuffs, gasketing cuffs, combinations and variations thereof; transverse barriers and pockets/spacers; side panels; as well as waist cuffs including waist flaps, waistbands, waistcaps, and unitary waistcap/waistbands; and combinations of all or some of these cuffs. In one embodiment the leg cuff is a spunbonded nonwoven material characterized by the lack of a meltblown component, and basis weight of about 17 gsm and a hydrostatic head of at least about 95 mm. The spunbonded material comprises metallocene polypropylene fibers having a denier of less than about 1.3. In another embodiment, small amounts of meltblown fibers, for example, up to about 10% by weight, can be added to the metallocene polypropylene spunbonded material to increase production rates of the nonwoven material, without an unacceptable decrease in skin health benefits.
  • Importantly, the skin care compositions described herein provide a protective and/or a therapeutic benefit upon transfer to the wearer's skin, including reducing erythema and/or diaper rash. The skin care composition may also act to minimize the abrasion between the cuffs and skin in the area where the cuffs contact the wearer's skin, resulting in less redmarking and/or skin irritation. Additionally, the protective coating on the wearer's skin may reduce the adherence of BM to the skin, thereby improving the ease of BM cleanup.
  • As will be discussed hereinafter, skin care compositions useful in the present invention preferably have a melting profile such that they are relatively immobile and localized on the cuffs at room temperature, are transferable to the wearer at body temperature, and yet are not completely liquid under extreme storage conditions. In such embodiments, less skin care composition is needed to impart the desired skin care benefits. In addition, special barrier or wrapping materials may not be necessary in packaging the treated products of the present invention.
  • In one preferred embodiment, an absorbent article of the present invention will comprise a skin care composition disposed on (applied or migratable to) the cuffs and the topsheet. Applicants have discovered that such preferred articles increase transfer of the composition to the wearer's skin, resulting in increased therapeutic and/or protective benefits discussed herein. In this regard, increased transfer will be realized as increased skin coverage (i.e., area of skin) and/or the amount of composition transferred to a given area of skin.
  • BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS
  • FIG. 1 is a plan view of a disposable diaper embodiment of the present invention having portions cut away to reveal underlying structure.
  • FIG. 2 is a fragmentary sectional view taken along section line 2-2 of FIG. 1.
  • FIG. 3 is a fragmentary sectional view taken along section line 3-3 of FIG. 1.
  • FIG. 4 is a perspective view of an absorbent article in the form of a disposable diaper according to the present invention
  • FIG. 5 is a schematic representation illustrating a preferred process for applying the composition of the present invention to diaper barrier cuffs.
  • FIG. 6 is a schematic representation illustrating an alternative process for applying the composition of the present invention to diaper barrier cuffs.
  • FIG. 7 is a fragmentary sectional view of an alternative embodiment of the present invention.
  • FIG. 8 is a cross-sectional view of a further alternative embodiment of the present invention.
  • FIG. 9 is a plan view of a still further alternative embodiment of the present invention.
  • FIG. 10 is a fragmentary cross-sectional view of an even still further alternative embodiment of the present invention.
  • FIG. 11 is a fragmentary coronal view showing a sanitary napkin of the present invention and a panty in place on a user.
  • DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE INVENTION
  • As used herein, the term “comprising” means that the various components, ingredients, or steps, can be conjointly employed in practicing the present invention. Accordingly, the term “comprising” encompasses the more restrictive terms “consisting essentially of” and “consisting of.”
  • As used herein, the term “skin care composition” refers to any composition which comprises one or more agents which, when transferred from an article to a wearer's skin, provide a therapeutic and/or protective skin benefit. Representative materials are discussed in detail below.
  • All percentages, ratios and proportions used herein are by weight unless otherwise specified.
  • A. Absorbent Article
  • As used herein, the term “absorbent article” refers to devices which absorb and contain body exudates, and more specifically, refers to devices which are placed against the skin of a wearer to absorb and contain the various exudates discharged from the body. The term “disposable” is used herein to describe absorbent articles which are not intended to be laundered or otherwise restored or reused as an absorbent article after a single use. Examples of disposable absorbent articles include feminine hygiene products such as sanitary panties, sanitary napkins, and pantiliners; diapers; incontinence products such as briefs or undergarments; diaper holders; diaper inserts; pull-on diapers and training pants; and the like.
  • Disposable absorbent articles typically comprise a chassis comprising an outer covering layer comprising a liquid pervious topsheet and a liquid impervious backsheet joined to the topsheet, and an absorbent core encased within the outer covering layer, preferably being positioned between the topsheet and the backsheet. Disposable absorbent articles and components thereof, including the topsheet, backsheet, absorbent core, and any individual layers of these components, have two major surfaces (a first surface and a second surface) generally designated a body surface and a garment surface. As used herein, “body surface” (also referred to as the body-contacting surface or skin-contacting surface) means that surface of the article or component which is intended to be worn toward or adjacent to the body of the wearer, while the “garment surface” is on the opposite side that faces away from the wearer and is oriented toward the wearer's garments when the disposable absorbent article is worn.
  • The following description generally discusses the absorbent core, topsheet, and backsheet materials that are useful in disposable absorbent articles. It is to be understood that this general description applies to these components of the specific absorbent articles shown in FIGS. 1-4 and further described below, in addition to those of other disposable absorbent articles which are generally described herein.
  • In general, the absorbent core is capable of absorbing or retaining liquids (e.g., menses, urine, and/or other body exudates). The absorbent core is preferably compressible, conformable, and non-irritating to the wearer's skin. The absorbent core may be manufactured in a wide variety of sizes and shapes (e.g., rectangular, oval, hourglass, “T” shaped, dog bone, symmetric, asymmetric, etc.). In addition to the absorbent composites of the present invention, the absorbent core may include any of a wide variety of liquid-absorbent materials commonly used in absorbent articles, such as comminuted wood pulp, which is generally referred to as airfelt. Examples of other suitable absorbent materials for use in the absorbent core include creped cellulose wadding; meltblown polymers including coform; chemically stiffened, modified or cross-linked cellulosic fibers; synthetic fibers such as crimped polyester fibers; peat moss; tissue including tissue wraps and tissue laminates; absorbent foams; absorbent sponges; superabsorbent polymers; absorbent gelling materials; or any equivalent material or combinations of materials, or mixtures of these.
  • The configuration and construction of the absorbent core may also be varied (e.g., the absorbent core may have varying caliper zones and/or have a profile so as to be thicker in the center; hydrophilic gradients; gradients of the absorbent composite, e.g., superabsorbent gradients; lower average density and lower average basis weight zones, e.g., acquisition zones; or may comprise one or more layers or structures). The total absorbent capacity of the absorbent core should, however, be compatible with the design loading and the intended use of the absorbent article. Further, the size and absorbent capacity of the absorbent core may be varied to accommodate different uses such as diapers, incontinence pads, training pants, pantiliners, regular sanitary napkins, and overnight sanitary napkins, and to accommodate wearers ranging from infants to adults.
  • The absorbent core can include other absorbent components that are often used in absorbent articles, for example, a dusting layer, a wicking or acquisition layer (surge management layer), or a secondary topsheet for increasing the wearer's comfort.
  • The topsheet is preferably compliant, soft feeling, and non-irritating to the wearer's skin. Further, the topsheet is liquid pervious, at least in certain regions, and permits liquids (e.g., menses and/or urine) to readily penetrate through its thickness. A suitable topsheet may be manufactured from a wide range of materials such as woven and nonwoven materials (e.g., a nonwoven web of fibers), including apertured nonwovens; polymeric materials such as apertured formed thermoplastic films, apertured plastic films, and hydroformed thermoplastic films; porous foams; reticulated foams; reticulated thermoplastic films; and thermoplastic scrims. Suitable woven and nonwoven materials can be comprised of natural fibers (e.g., wood or cotton fibers), synthetic fibers (e.g., polymeric fibers such as polyester, polypropylene, or polyethylene fibers), bicomponent fibers, or from a combination of natural and synthetic fibers. When the topsheet comprises a nonwoven web, the web may be manufactured by a wide number of known techniques. For example, the web may be spunbonded, carded, wet-laid, melt-blown, hydroentangled, hydroformed, hydroapertured, combinations of the above, or the like.
  • The backsheet is preferably impervious to liquids (e.g., menses and/or urine), at least in the crotch region of the absorbent article, and is preferably manufactured from a thin plastic film, although other flexible liquid impervious materials may also be used. As used herein, the term “flexible” refers to materials which are compliant and will readily conform to the general shape and contours of the human body. The backsheet prevents the exudates absorbed and contained in the absorbent core from wetting articles which contact the absorbent article such as bedsheets, pants, pajamas and undergarments. The backsheet may thus comprise a woven or nonwoven material, polymeric films such as thermoplastic films of polyethylene or polypropylene, or composite materials such as a coated nonwoven or a film-coated nonwoven material. A suitable backsheet is a polyethylene film having a thickness of from about 0.012 mm (0.5 mil) to about 0.051 mm (2.0 mils). Exemplary polyethylene films are manufactured by Clopay Corporation of Cincinnati, Ohio, under the designation P18-1401 and by Tredegar Film Products of Terre Haute, Ind., under the designation XP-39385. The backsheet is preferably embossed and/or matte finished to provide a more clothlike appearance. Further, the backsheet may permit vapors to escape from the absorbent core (i.e., the backsheet is breathable) while still preventing exudates from passing through the backsheet. (An example of a breathable backsheet suitable for use herein is disclosed in U.S. Pat. No. 5,571,096, “Absorbent Article Having Breathable Side Panels”, issued to Dobrin, Davis and Weirich on Nov. 5, 1996, which patent is incorporated herein by reference.) The size of the backsheet is dictated by the size of the absorbent core and the exact absorbent article design selected.
  • The backsheet and the topsheet are positioned adjacent the garment surface and the body surface, respectively, of the absorbent core. The absorbent core is preferably joined with the topsheet, the backsheet, or both in any manner as is known by attachment members such as those well known in the art. However, embodiments of the present invention are envisioned wherein portions of the entire absorbent core are unattached to the topsheet, the backsheet, or both.
  • The backsheet and/or the topsheet may be secured to the absorbent core or to each other, for example, by a uniform continuous layer of adhesive, a patterned layer of adhesive, or an array of separate lines, spirals, or spots of adhesive. Adhesives which have been found to be satisfactory are manufactured by H. B. Fuller Company of St. Paul, Minn. under the designation HL-1258 or H-2031. The attachment members will preferably comprise an open pattern network of filaments of adhesive as is disclosed in U.S. Pat. No. 4,573,986, issued to Minetola, et al. on Mar. 4, 1986, and which is incorporated herein by reference. An exemplary attachment means of an open pattern network of filaments comprises several lines of adhesive filaments swirled into a spiral pattern such as illustrated by the apparatus and method shown in U.S. Pat. No. 3,911,173 issued to Sprague, Jr. on Oct. 7, 1975; U.S. Pat. No. 4,785,996 issued to Zwieker, et al. on Nov. 22, 1978; and U.S. Pat. No. 4,842,666 issued to Werenicz on Jun. 27, 1989. Each of these patents is incorporated herein by reference. Alternatively, the attachment means may comprise heat bonds, pressure bonds, ultrasonic bonds, dynamic mechanical bonds, or any other suitable attachment means or combinations of these attachment means as are known in the art.
  • A preferred disposable absorbent article in which the “treated cuffs” (“treated cuffs” being used herein to designate cuffs having one or more skin care compositions disposed thereon) of the present invention may be used is a diaper. As used herein, the term “diaper” refers to an absorbent article generally worn by infants and incontinent persons that is worn about the lower torso of the wearer. In other words, the term “diaper” includes infant diapers, training pants, adult incontinence devices, and the like. The present invention is also applicable to other types of disposable products such as sanitary napkins and pantiliners that contain cuffs.
  • FIG. 1 is a plan view of a preferred embodiment of a diaper 20 of the present invention in its flat-out, uncontracted state (i.e., with all elastic induced contraction pulled out) with portions of the structure being cut away to more clearly show the construction of the diaper 20 and with the portion of the diaper 20 which contacts the wearer (the body surface) facing the viewer. The diaper 20 is shown in FIG. 1 to have a front waist region 22, a back waist region 24, a crotch region 26, and a periphery which is defined by the outer edges of the diaper in which the longitudinal edges are designated 30 and the end edges are designated 32. The diaper 20 additionally has a lateral centerline which is designated 34 and a longitudinal centerline which is designated 36. The diaper 20 comprises a chassis comprising (i) an outer covering layer comprising a liquid pervious topsheet 38 and a liquid impervious backsheet 42, and (ii) an absorbent core 44 having side edges 46; a fastening system preferably comprising a pair of tape-tab fasteners 54 and a landing member 55; gasketing cuffs 56 each comprising a side flap 58 and flap elastic members 60; barrier cuffs 62 comprising a barrier cuff member 63 having a proximal edge 64, a distal edge 66, and ends 74; and spacing means such as a spacing elastic member 76 for spacing the distal edge 66 away from the topsheet. The diaper 20 additionally comprises closure members 78 for securing closed the ends 74 of each barrier cuff 62. While the components of the diaper may be assembled in a variety of well known configurations, a preferred diaper configuration is described generally in U.S. Pat. No. 4,695,278 issued to Lawson on Sep. 22, 1987, and which patent is incorporated herein by reference.
  • FIG. 1 shows a preferred embodiment of the diaper 20 in which the topsheet 38 and the backsheet 42 are coextensive and have length and width dimensions generally larger than those of the absorbent core 44. The topsheet 38 is joined with and superposed on the backsheet 42 to thereby form the periphery of the diaper 20.
  • The diaper 20 has front and back waist regions 22 and 24 extending, respectively, from the end edges 32 of the periphery toward the lateral centerline 34 of the diaper 20. The waist regions comprise those portions of the diaper 20 which, when worn, encircle the waist of the wearer. The crotch region 26 is that portion of the diaper 20 between the waist regions and comprises that portion of the diaper 20 which, when worn, is positioned between the legs of the wearer and covers the lower torso of the wearer.
  • As shown in FIG. 1, a skin care composition 72 is disposed on each barrier cuff 62. The skin care composition 72 is preferably disposed on the body surface of the barrier cuff so that the skin care composition may readily transfer to the wearer's skin during use. In the embodiment shown, the skin care composition 72 is disposed adjacent the distal edge 66, preferably at least in the crotch region 26. More preferably, the skin care composition 72 is disposed on the distal edge 66. The barrier cuff 62 most preferably comprises one or more stripes of skin care composition 72 disposed thereon. In the embodiment shown, the skin care composition 72 is disposed on only a segment of the barrier cuff 62. For certain skin care compositions, it is preferred to avoid application of the skin care composition to the portions of the barrier cuff adjacent the ends of the spacing elastic members to insure there is no elastic creep resulting from the interaction of the skin care composition and adhesive. As is shown in FIG. 1, in a preferred embodiment the skin care composition 72 is not disposed adjacent the end of the spacing elastic member 76 in the front waist region (although it may alternatively also not be disposed adjacent the end in the back waist region). (Alternatively, an adhesive compatible with the skin care composition may be utilized such that placement of the skin care composition on the cuff is not restricted relative to the ends of the spacing elastic members.) As discussed herein, the skin care composition may alternatively be applied to the garment surface of the barrier cuff and allowed to “transfer through” to the body surface so as to enhance the hydrophobicity of the barrier cuffs as well as to be disposed on the body surface so as to provide the skin care benefits. Further, the skin care composition may be applied to other portions of the barrier cuff, the entire barrier cuff, the spacing elastic members, or any other component of the barrier cuff. The skin care composition may also be disposed in any pattern, including discontinuous or continuous patterns, or in any amount as discussed hereinafter.
  • The diaper 20 is shown in FIG. 2 to have a garment surface 86 and a body surface 84 opposed to the garment surface 86. The body surface 84 of the diaper 20 comprises that portion of the diaper 20 which is positioned adjacent to the wearer's body during use (i.e., the body surface 84 generally is formed by at least a portion of the topsheet 38 and other components including those that may be joined to the topsheet 38). The garment surface 86 comprises that portion of the diaper 20 which is positioned away from the wearer's body during use (i.e., the garment surface 86 generally is formed by at least a portion of the backsheet 42 and other components including those that may be joined to the backsheet 42).
  • FIG. 2 is a fragmentary sectional view taken along line 2-2 of FIG. 1 and depicts the diaper construction in the back waist region 24 of the diaper 20. (It should be understood that the diaper construction in the front waist region 22 is substantially identical to the construction in the back waist region 24.) The absorbent core comprises an absorbent layer 48 that is shown as being completely enveloped by tissue layers 50 and 52. The absorbent core 44 is disposed between the topsheet 38 and the backsheet 42; both the topsheet 38 and the backsheet 42 extend beyond the side edge 46 of the absorbent core 44 to define the side flap 58. The juxtaposed areas of the topsheet 38 and the backsheet 42 are secured together preferably by a flap attachment member 88 such as an adhesive. In a preferred embodiment, the flap elastic members do not extend into the back waist region 24 so that the gasketing cuff is not formed in this region. The barrier cuff 62 is shown as comprising a separate element, a barrier cuff member 63, secured to the topsheet 38; the proximal edge 64 being formed by securing the barrier cuff member 63 to the topsheet 38 by proximal securement member 92. The garment surface 68 of the barrier cuff 62 (also referred to as the barrier cuffs inboard surface) is secured to the body surface 40 by the closure member 78. Therefore, the distal edge 66 is closed. (i.e., it is not spaced away from the body surface 40). It should be noted that the spacing elastic member is not disposed in this region because the distal edge 66 is not designed to be spaced away from the body surface 40 in the waist regions. Therefore, the barrier cuff 62 is not open nor ready to constrain the flow of body exudates in this region. The skin care composition also is preferably not disposed on the barrier cuff in the back waist region in this particular embodiment.
  • FIG. 3 is a fragmentary sectional view taken along line 3-3 of FIG. 1 and depicts the diaper construction in the crotch region 26 as it is shaped before being applied to the wearer (i.e., the diaper 20 is subjected to elastic contraction). The absorbent core 44 comprises the absorbent layer 48 that is shown as being completely enveloped by the tissue layers 50 and 52. The absorbent core 44 is disposed between the topsheet 38 and the backsheet 42; both the topsheet 38 and the backsheet 42 extend beyond the side edge 46 of the absorbent core 44 to define the side flap 58. The juxtaposed areas of the topsheet 38 and the backsheet 42 are secured together preferably by a flap attachment member 88 such as an adhesive. The topsheet 38 and the backsheet 42 also enclose the flap elastic members 60 adjacent the longitudinal edge 30. The flap elastic members 60 are secured in the topsheet-backsheet formed side flap 58 preferably by elastic attachment members 90. The elastically contractible gasketing cuff 56 is thereby formed by the side flap 58 and the flap elastic members 60. The gasketing cuff has a body surface 57 oriented toward the skin of the wearer when the diaper is worn, and a garment surface 59 opposed to the body surface 57. The barrier cuff 62 is shown as being formed by securing a separate element, barrier cuff member 63, to the topsheet 38 preferably between the flap elastic members 60 and the side edge 46 of the absorbent core 44. The proximal edge 64 of the barrier cuff 62 is formed by securing the barrier cuff member 63 to the topsheet 38 by the proximal securement member 92. The spacing elastic member 76 is enclosed in a tunnel that is formed when an end of the barrier cuff member 63 is folded back upon itself; the spacing elastic member 76 being secured in the tunnel by elastic attachment members 94. The distal edge 66 of the barrier cuff is spaced away from the body surface 40 by the elastic gathering action of the spacing elastic member 76. The barrier cuff 62 is shown as being ready to restrain, contain and hold body exudates until the diaper 20 is removed from the wearer. The skin care composition 72 is shown in FIG. 3 as being disposed on the body surface 70 of the barrier cuff 62 (the barrier cuff element 63) so that the skin care composition 72 may be transferred to the skin of the wearer during use.
  • Diapers of the present invention can have a number of well known configurations, with the absorbent cores thereof being adapted to the present invention. Exemplary configurations are described generally in U.S. Pat. No. 3,860,003 issued to Buell on Jan. 14, 1975; U.S. Pat. No. 5,151,092 issued to Buell et al. on Sep. 29, 1992; U.S. Pat. No. 5,580,411 issued to Nease, et al. on Dec. 3, 1996; U.S. Pat. No. 5,569,232 issued to Roe, et al. on Oct. 29, 1996; and U.S. Pat. No. 5,569,234 issued to Buell, et al. on Oct. 29, 1996. Each of these patents is incorporated herein by reference.
  • The chassis of the diaper is shown in the drawings as comprising the main body portion (containment assembly) of the diaper. The chassis comprises at least an absorbent core and preferably an outer covering layer comprising the topsheet and the backsheet. When the absorbent article comprises a separate holder and a liner, the chassis generally comprises the holder and the liner (i.e., the chassis comprises one or more layers of material to define the holder while the liner comprises an absorbent composite such as a topsheet, a backsheet, and an absorbent core.) For unitary absorbent articles, the chassis comprises the main structure of the diaper with other features added to form the composite diaper structure; thus, the chassis for the diaper comprises the topsheet, the backsheet, and the absorbent core.
  • A topsheet 38 which is particularly suitable for use in the diaper 20, is carded and thermally bonded by means well known to those skilled in the fabrics art. A satisfactory topsheet for the present invention comprises staple length polypropylene fibers having a denier of about 2.2. As used herein, the term “staple length fibers” refers to those fibers having a length of at least about 15.9 mm (0.625 inches). Preferably, the topsheet has a basis weight from about 14 to about 25 grams per square meter. A suitable topsheet is manufactured by Veratec, Inc., a Division of International Paper Company, of Walpole, Mass. under the designation P-8. An alternative preferred topsheet is a spunbonded nonwoven web of 22 grams per square meter basis weight as is available from Fiberweb North America, Inc. of Simpsonville, S.C., under the designation 9694.
  • The topsheet 38 of diaper 20 is preferably made of a hydrophilic material to promote rapid transfer of liquids (e.g., urine) through the topsheet. If the topsheet is made of a hydrophobic material, preferably at least the body surface of the topsheet, or a portion thereof, is treated to be hydrophilic so that liquids will transfer through the topsheet more rapidly. This diminishes the likelihood that body exudates will flow off the topsheet rather than being drawn through the topsheet and being absorbed by the absorbent core. The topsheet can be rendered hydrophilic by treating it with a surfactant. Suitable methods for treating the topsheet with a surfactant include spraying the topsheet material with the surfactant and immersing the material into the surfactant. A more detailed discussion of such a treatment and hydrophilicity is contained in U.S. Pat. Nos. 4,988,344 entitled “Absorbent Articles with Multiple Layer Absorbent Layers” issued to Reising, et al on Jan. 29, 1991 and U.S. Pat. Nos. 4,988,345 entitled “Absorbent Articles with Rapid Acquiring Absorbent Cores” issued to Reising on Jan. 29, 1991, each of which is incorporated herein by reference.
  • In a particularly preferred embodiment as described herein, the topsheet of the absorbent article will also have a skin care composition disposed thereon. Representative treated topsheets are described in U.S. Pat. No. 5,643,588, “Diaper Having a Lotioned Topsheet”, issued to Roe, Bakes & Warner on Jul. 1, 1997; and U.S. Pat. No. 5,635,191, “Diaper Having a Lotioned Topsheet Containing a Polysiloxane Emollient”, issued to Roe & Mackey on Jun. 3, 1997; each of which are incorporated herein by reference. Methods for delivering a skin care composition via the repeated use of absorbent articles having such treated topsheets are disclosed in U.S. patent application Ser. No. 08/926,532 (P&G Case 6823) “A Method For Maintaining or Improving Skin Health”, Elder, et al., filed on Sep. 10, 1997; U.S. patent application Ser. No. 08/926,533 (P&G Case 6822) “A Method For Improving Skin Condition”, Van Rijswijck, et al. filed on Sep. 10, 1997; and U.S. patent application Ser. No. 08/908,852 (P&G Case 5494CR) “Diaper Having A Lotioned Topsheet”, Roe, et al. filed on Aug. 8, 1997; each of which is incorporated herein by reference. As discussed herein, a skin care composition disposed on both the cuffs and the topsheet will facilitate transfer of the skin care composition to a greater amount of skin, in terms of surface area, relative to treatment of the cuffs only. Furthermore, application to both components may allow delivery of greater amounts of skin care composition to a given region of the wearer and/or delivery of different formulation skin care compositions for different skin benefits.
  • In a preferred embodiment of a diaper as described herein, the backsheet 42 has a modified hourglass shape extending beyond the absorbent core around the entire diaper periphery. The backsheet is preferably a soft, cloth-like web laminate comprising a selectively apertured polymeric formed film and a nonwoven web. Such a breathable backsheet is more fully described in U.S. Pat. No. 5,571,096 issued to Dobrin, et al. on Nov. 5, 1996, which patent is incorporated herein by reference.
  • The absorbent core 44 may take on any size or shape that is compatible with the diaper 20. One preferred embodiment of the diaper 20 has an asymmetric, modified T-shaped absorbent core 44 having ears in the first waist region but a generally rectangular shape in the second waist region. Exemplary absorbent structures for use as the absorbent core of the present invention that have achieved wide acceptance and commercial success are described in U.S. Pat. No. 4,610,678 entitled “High-Density Absorbent Structures” issued to Weisman et al. on Sep. 9, 1986; U.S. Pat. No. 4,673,402 entitled “Absorbent Articles With Dual-Layered Cores” issued to Weisman et al. on Jun. 16, 1987; U.S. Pat. No. 4,888,231 entitled “Absorbent Core Having A Dusting Layer” issued to Angstadt on Dec. 19, 1989; EP Patent Application 640 330, The Procter & Gamble Company, published Mar. 1, 1995; and U.S. Pat. No. 4,834,735, entitled “High Density Absorbent Members Having Lower Density and Lower Basis Weight Acquisition Zones”, issued to Alemany et al. on May 30, 1989. The absorbent core may further comprise a dual core system containing an acquisition/distribution core of chemically stiffened fibers positioned over an absorbent storage core as detailed in U.S. Pat. No. 5,234,423, entitled “Absorbent Article With Elastic Waist Feature and Enhanced Absorbency” issued to Alemany et al., on Aug. 10, 1993; and in U.S. Pat. No. 5,147,345, entitled “High Efficiency Absorbent Articles For Incontinence Management” issued to Young, LaVon and Taylor on Sep. 15, 1992. All of these patents are incorporated herein by reference.
  • In a preferred embodiment, the diaper 20 comprises cuffs each comprising a leg cuff comprising a barrier cuff 62 and/or a gasketing cuff 56 for providing improved containment of liquids and other body exudates. The cuffs provide for improved containment of liquids and other body exudates and can be constructed in a number of different configurations. The diaper 20 may also comprise cuffs comprising an elastic waist feature (not shown) and/or elastic side panels (not shown) to provide a more contouring fit and more effective application of the diaper 20. Such cuffs may also be treated with a skin care composition.
  • Each leg cuff may comprise several different embodiments for reducing the leakage of body exudates in the leg regions. (The leg cuff can be and is sometimes also referred to as leg bands, side flaps, barrier cuffs, elastic leg cuffs, gasketing cuffs, or elastic cuffs.) U.S. Pat. No. 3,860,003, incorporated herein by reference, describes a disposable diaper which provides a contractible leg opening having a side flap and one or more elastic members to provide an elastic leg cuff (gasketing cuff). U.S. Pat. No. 4,909,803 entitled “Disposable Absorbent Article Having Elasticized Flaps” issued to Aziz et al. on Mar. 20, 1990, and incorporated herein by reference, describes a disposable diaper having “stand-up” elasticized flaps (barrier cuffs) to improve the containment of the leg regions. U.S. Pat. No. 4,695,278 entitled “Absorbent Article Having Dual Cuffs” issued to Lawson on Sep. 22, 1987, and incorporated herein by reference, describes a disposable diaper having dual cuffs including a gasketing cuff and a barrier cuff. While each leg cuff may be configured so as to be similar to any of the leg bands, side flaps, barrier cuffs, or elastic cuffs described above, it is preferred that each leg cuff comprise barrier cuffs 62 and gasketing cuffs 56 as described in detail below.
  • Each barrier cuff 62 is a flexible member having a proximal edge 64, a distal edge 66, a garment surface 68 (also referred to as the inboard surface) and a body surface 70 (also referred to as the outboard surface). The garment surface 68 is oriented toward the interior of the diaper, and the body surface 70 is oriented toward the skin of the wearer when the diaper is being worn. The barrier cuff 62 may be manufactured from a wide variety of materials such as polypropylene, polyester, rayon, nylon, foams, nonwovens, plastic films, formed films, and elastic films or foams. A number of manufacturing techniques may be used to manufacture the barrier cuff. For example, the barrier cuff 62 may be woven, non-woven, spunbonded, spunbonded-meltblown-spunbonded, carded, coated, laminated or the like. Any of the aforementioned materials may also be post-processed using a variety of coatings, treatments, or laminations or the like. These post treatments are usually used to improve the liquid holdout (as measured by hydrostatic head) of the material.
  • A preferred barrier cuff is made of a non-woven material due to its particular efficiency at holding out liquid, such as urine, while remaining soft and comfortable to the skin of the wearer. Preferred nonwovens for barrier cuffs are made with polypropylene, which, being hydrophobic, exhibits superior liquid holdout. A preferred barrier cuff 62 comprises a polypropylene material containing no finish or surfactant to render it liquid impermeable. An exemplary polypropylene fiber nonwoven material is manufactured by Crown Zellerbach Company as Celestra. A particularly preferred nonwoven material is a carded nonwoven web as is available from PGI of Landisville, N.J. under the designation 67700. Alternatively, the material may be a nonwoven web supplied by Corovin GmbH (now BBA) of Peine, Germany under the designation MD300A.
  • A more particularly preferred nonwoven material for use as a barrier cuff 62 of the present invention, which has been shown to provide improved gentleness to the skin of the wearer, is a very fine denier, entirely spunbonded nonwoven made with at least about 65%, more preferably 100%, very fine denier metallocene polypropylene fibers. That is, the preferred nonwoven is characterized by a complete lack of a meltblown layer, which has been beneficially used in prior leg cuff materials due to its barrier properties. The preferred metallocene polypropylene material has a basis weight of about 17 grams per square meter (gsm) and is a spunbond-spunbond (SS, i.e., made using two spunbond beams) structure, the metallocene polypropylene filaments having a denier of about 1.1 to 1.3. The material can have a thickness of about 190 microns under a load of about 0.3 psi, and can have air porosity of less than about 500 cubic feet per minute (cfm) using a TexTest FX 3300 Air Permeability Tester. The SS material can have a barrier hydrostatic head of at least 95 mm using a TexTest FX 3300 Hydrostatic Head Tester. If a higher hydrostatic head is required, a third spunbond beam can be utilized to produce an “SSS” structure of higher basis weight, but of the same fiber type and denier, which can have a hydrostatic head of about 100-110.
  • A preferred SS metallocene polypropylene barrier cuff material is available from Pegas, Czech Republic, as “SS Spunbond Microden 17 g/sqm”. The Pegas cuff material is characterized by the lack of a meltblown component, a basis weight of about 17 gsm and a hydrostatic head of at least about 95 mm by the TexTest method referenced above. It can be manufactured on recently-developed Reicofil III brand spunbonding machines which are specially equipped for producing fine denier nonwovens. Suitable machines are available from Reifenhauser GmbH, Troisdorf, Germany.
  • The preferred SS fine denier metallocene polypropylene barrier cuff material has been shown to cause less red marking of the wearer's skin, as well as overall healthier skin at the point of cuff contact with the skin, compared to current barrier cuff materials, while still providing for adequate barrier protection. For example, the preferred SS metallocene polypropylene barrier cuff material causes less red marking than currently-used spunbonded-meltblown-spunbonded (SMS) leg materials, using polypropylene materials. This is a surprising discovery, as it was believed that the meltblown layer of the SMS structure was necessary to provide for barrier properties to prevent leakage. However, the SS structure of the present invention provides for leakage control as well as better skin health.
  • Without being bound by theory, it is believed that the preferred SS metallocene polypropylene barrier cuff material provides for better skin health because of the absence of the relatively less resilient meltblown layer. In prior leg cuff materials the meltblown layer represented about 18% by weight of the overall material in an SMS structure. This amount, while providing for very efficient filtration and excellent barrier properties, tended to add a relative harshness to the structure that manifested itself in relatively more red marking on the skin of the user.
  • For economic reasons, e.g., to be able to run faster line speeds in producing the barrier cuff material, it is recognized that adding back in a relatively small amount of meltblown polypropylene can be beneficial. The addition of small amounts of meltblown, for example 3, 5, 8, or up to 10% meltblown fibers by weight can provide for barrier properties for adequate hydrohead, which results in the need for less relatively slow-running fine denier spunbond. The overall structure can have reduced basis weight, without loss of barrier or softness properties. For example, a nonwoven having an SMS structure with a total basis weight of 11.5 and a component basis weight of 5 gsm/1.5 gsm/5gsm, with the “S” layers being spunbond polypropylene having a denier of about 1.6-1.7 provides for a hydrohead of about 85 mm by the TexTest method referenced above. Reducing the denier of the spunbond layer to the very fine denier of about 1.1 to 1.3 per the present invention can increase the hydrohead to about 95 mm, which is an acceptable level for barrier properties in a disposable garment application.
  • Therefore, as according to the present invention, a spunbond only material having a basis weight of about 17 gsm and comprising about 1.1 to 1.3 metallocene polypropylene fibers has been shown to provide adequate barrier properties to function as a leg cuff, while providing for improved softness and overall skin health in the wearer of a garment incorporating such cuffs. However, it is recognized that a relatively small amount of meltblown material can be added to improve the economies of production, while balancing the skin health properties of the material so produced. Thus, it is believed that up to about 10% meltblown can be added in without reducing skin health results to an unacceptable level, but increasing the line speed of the production equipment, thereby lowering the cost of the material. By balancing the amount of meltblown properties with the desired level of skin health characteristics, a nonwoven web having an optimum of consumer benefits and commercial production rates can be achieved.
  • The SS very fine denier metallocene polypropylene barrier cuff 62 of the present invention is preferably lotioned with a beneficial skin care composition. The lotion composition can be any of the lotions described herein. By way of non-limiting example, excellent skin care results were obtained with the skin care Composition A shown in Table 1 below, and applied to the cuff as disclosed herein.
  • Because of the hydrophobic skin care compositions used in the present invention, the barrier cuff may be made from hydrophilic material and have a hydrophobic skin care composition disposed thereon to enhance its barrier properties.
  • As shown in FIGS. 1 and 3, the barrier cuff 62, and more particularly the proximal edge 64, is disposed inboard of the longitudinal edge 30, adjacent to and preferably inboard of the gasketing cuff 56. The term “inboard” is defined as the direction toward the centerline (34 or 36, respectively) of the diaper that is parallel to the respective edge of the diaper along which the particular gasketing cuff is disposed. The barrier cuff 62 is disposed adjacent the gasketing cuff 56 to provide a more effective dual restraint against the flow of body exudates. The barrier cuff 62 is preferably disposed inboard of the gasketing cuff 56 so that exudates, especially loose fecal material which is not easily absorbed and tends to float along the body surface 40, will contact the barrier cuff 62 before it can contact the gasketing cuff 56. The barrier cuff 62 is more preferably disposed between the flap elastic member 60 of the gasketing cuff 56 and the longitudinal centerline 36 of the diaper 20. Most preferably, the barrier cuff 62 is disposed between the flap elastic member 60 and the side edge 46 of the absorbent core 44 in the crotch region 26 of the diaper 20.
  • The proximal edge 64 and the distal edge 66 are in spaced relation to each other and define the width of the barrier cuff 62. The proximal and distal edges 64 and 66, respectively, may be in a parallel, non parallel, rectilinear or curvilinear relationship. In addition, the barrier cuff 62 may have a variety of different cross sectional areas including circular, square, rectangular or any other shape such as shown in FIG. 3. Preferably, the proximal edge 64 is spaced from the distal edge 66 in a parallel and rectilinear relationship to provide a barrier cuff 62 having uniform widths.
  • A preferred embodiment of the diaper 20 shown in FIGS. 2 and 3 is provided with the barrier cuff 62 joined to the topsheet 38. The term “joined” includes any means for affixing the barrier cuff 62 to the diaper 20, and includes embodiments wherein the barrier cuff 62 is a separate element having the proximal edge 64 directly or indirectly attached to the topsheet 38 (i.e., integral) or embodiments wherein the barrier cuff 62 is made from the same element or material as the topsheet 38 so that the proximal edge 64 is a continuous and undivided element of the topsheet (i.e., unitary). The barrier cuff 62 may alternatively be joined to the side flap 58, the backsheet 42, the absorbent core 44, the topsheet 38 or any combination of these or other elements of the diaper 20. In a preferred diaper 20, the barrier cuffs 62 are integral with the topsheet 38. The integral barrier cuff 62 is preferably formed by a strip of material, barrier cuff member 63, which is secured to the topsheet by proximal securement member 92, the distal edge 66 being formed by folding an end of the barrier cuff member 63 back upon itself.
  • The distal edge 66 is preferably disposed inboard of the proximal edge 64 to present a more effective barrier against the flow of exudates. The distal edges 66 are maintained inboard of the proximal edges 64 by the closure members 78 so as to obviate their inversion. While the distal edges 66 may alternatively be disposed in other positions in relation to the proximal edges 64, such positions are not preferred.
  • The distal edge 66 is preferably not secured to any other element in at least the crotch region 26 of the diaper 20 so that it may be spaced away from the body surface 40 of the topsheet 38. The distal edge 66 is preferably spaced away from the body surface 40 to enhance the containment of the article. As used herein, “spaced” includes embodiments wherein the distal edges 66 may assume one or more positions relative to the body surface 40 of the topsheet 38 including at some times assuming a position adjacent the body surface 40 of the topsheet 38. The distance between the distal edge 66 to the body surface 40 of the topsheet 38 is measured along a line drawn from the distal edge 66 to the closest part of the topsheet 38 when the distal edge 66 is positioned so as to be spaced away from the topsheet as far as possible. (i.e., in the elastically contracted position).
  • In addition to barrier cuffs, the leg cuffs of the present invention preferably further comprise gasketing cuffs 56. The gasketing cuffs 56 are disposed adjacent the periphery of the diaper 20, preferably along each longitudinal edge 30 so that the gasketing cuffs 56 tend to draw and hold the diaper 20 against the legs of the wearer. While the gasketing cuffs 56 may comprise any of several means as are well known in the diaper art, a particularly preferred gasketing cuff construction comprises a flexible side flap 58 and flap elastic members 60, as is described in detail in U.S. Pat. No. 3,860,003, issued to Buell on Jan. 14, 1975 and incorporated herein by reference. In addition, a method and apparatus suitable for manufacturing a disposable diaper having elastic gasketing cuffs 56 are described in U.S. Pat. No. 4,081,301 entitled “Method and Apparatus for Continuously Attaching Discrete, Stretched Elastic Strands to Predetermined Isolated Portions of Disposable Absorbent Articles” which issued to Buell on Mar. 28, 1978 and which patent is incorporated herein by reference.
  • The side flap 58 should be highly flexible and thus contractible so that the flap elastic members 60 may gather the side flap 58 to provide a gasketing cuff 56 about the legs or waist of the wearer. The side flaps 58 are preferably that portion of the diaper 20 between the periphery and the edges of the absorbent core 44. Thus, in a preferred embodiment of the present invention as shown in FIG. 1, the side flaps 58 are formed from the extension of the backsheet 42 and the topsheet 38 from and along the side edges 46 of the absorbent core 44 of the diaper 20 in at least the crotch region 26. Alternatively, as described in U.S. Pat. No. 3,860,003, the side flap may be a separate member joined to the chassis (topsheet, backsheet, and/or absorbent core) or one of the components of the side flap may be a separate member.
  • The flap elastic members 60 are preferably operatively joined (secured) to the side flaps 58 in an elastically contractible condition so that in a normally unrestrained configuration, the flap elastic members 60 effectively contract or gather the side flaps 58. The flap elastic members 60 can be secured to the side flaps 58 in an elastically contractible condition in at least two ways. For example, the flap elastic members 60 may be stretched and secured to the side flaps 58 while the side flaps 58 are in an uncontracted condition. Alternatively, the side flaps 58 may be contracted, for example by pleating, and the flap elastic members 60 secured to the contracted side flaps 58 while the flap elastic members 60 are in their unrelaxed or unstretched condition. The gasketing cuffs may alternatively comprise a number of different elastically extensible structures such as elastic nonwoven webs or foams; stretch laminates such as is described in U.S. Pat. No. 5,151,092 issued to Buell, et al. on Sep. 29, 1992, incorporated herein by reference; and structural elastic-like film (SELF) webs such as are described in U.S. Pat. No. 5,518,801 issued to Chappell, et al. on May 21, 1996, and incorporated herein by reference.
  • In the embodiment illustrated in FIG. 1, the flap elastic members 60 extend essentially the entire length of the side flaps 58 in the crotch region 26 of the diaper 20. Alternatively, the elastic members 60 may extend the entire length of diaper 20, or any other length suitable to provide a gasketing cuff. The length of the flap elastic members 60 is dictated by the diaper's design.
  • In the diaper 20 of FIG. 3, the flap elastic members 60 are associated with the side flaps 58 by securing them to the side flaps 58 with elastic attachment members 90. The elastic attachment members 90 should be flexible and of sufficient adhesiveness to hold the flap elastic member in its stretched condition. The elastic attachment members 90 herein are preferably glue beads or spirals made of hot melt adhesives such as marketed by ATO Findley Incorporated, Wauwatosa, Wis. as Findley 2511 or Findley H9254. It is recognized that traditional adhesives may not be compatible with all skin care compositions. Specifically, some skin care compositions may degrade the integrity of the adhesive bonds resulting in elastic creep and/or poor bond sufficiency. An adhesive which has been found especially effective in avoiding creep of elastics when a skin care composition is applied thereto is Findley H9254. A more detailed description of the manner in which the flap elastic members 60 may be positioned and secured to the diaper 20 can be found in U.S. Pat. No. 4,253,461 issued to Strickland and Visscher on Mar. 3, 1981, and U.S. Pat. No. 4,081,301 issued to Buell on Mar. 28, 1978, both of which are incorporated herein by reference.
  • One flap elastic member 60 which has been found to be suitable is an elastic strand made from natural rubber as available from Easthampton Rubber Thread Company of Stewart, Va., under the trademark L-1900 Rubber Compound. Other suitable flap elastic members 60 can be made from natural rubber, such as elastic tape sold under the trademark Fulflex 9211 by Fulflex Company of Scotland, N.C. An exemplary elastic member is a Lycra strand such as is available from DuPont Co. of Waynesboro, Va. under the designation Lycra-XA T-151. The flap elastic member 60 may also comprise any heat shrinkable elastic material as is well known in the art. Other suitable flap elastic members 60 may comprise a wide variety of materials as are well known in the art including elastomeric films, Lycra films or strands, polyurethane films, elastomeric foams, and formed elastic scrim.
  • In addition, the flap elastic members 60 may take a multitude of configurations. For example, the width of the flap elastic members 60 may be varied from about 0.25 mm (0.01 inches) to about 25 mm (1.0 inch) or more; the flap elastic members 60 may comprise a single strand of elastic material or may comprise several parallel or non-parallel strands of elastic material; or the flap elastic members 60 may be rectilinear or curvilinear. Still further, the flap elastic members 60 may be affixed to the diaper 20 in any of several ways which are well known in the art. For example, the flap elastic members 60 may be ultrasonically bonded, heat/pressure sealed into the diaper 20 using a variety of bonding patterns, or the flap elastic members 60 may simply be glued to the diaper 20.
  • The cuff may also comprise an elastic waist feature, such as an elasticized waistband (not shown), that may be constructed in a number of different configurations including those described in U.S. Pat. No. 4,515,595 issued to Kievit et al. on May 7, 1985; U.S. Pat. No. 5,026,364 issued to Robertson on Jun. 25, 1991; and the above referenced U.S. Pat. No. 5,151,092 issued to Buell et al. on Sep. 29, 1992, each of these references being incorporated herein by reference, wherein a skin care composition is disposed thereon.
  • The cuff may further comprise elastic side panels that may be constructed in a number of configurations wherein a skin care composition is disposed thereon. Examples of diapers with elastic side panels are disclosed in U.S. Pat. No. 4,857,067, issued to Wood, et al. on Aug. 15, 1989; U.S. Pat. No. 4,381,781, issued to Sciaraffa, et al. on May 3, 1983; U.S. Pat. No. 4,938,753, issued to Van Gompel, et al. on Jul. 3, 1990; U.S. Pat. No. 5,151,092, issued to Buell et al. on Sep. 29, 1992; U.S. Pat. No. 5,580,411 issued to Nease, et al. on Dec. 3, 1996; U.S. Pat. No. 5,669,897 issued to LaVon, et al. on Sep. 23, 1997; and U.S. Pat. No. 5,569,232 issued to Roe, et al. on Oct. 29, 1996; each of which are incorporated herein by reference.
  • Embodiments of cuffs of the present invention may also include pockets for receiving and containing waste, spacers which provide voids for waste, barriers for limiting the movement of waste in the article, compartments or voids which accept and contain waste materials deposited in the diaper, and the like, or any combinations thereof wherein a skin care composition is disposed thereon. Examples of pockets and spacers for use in absorbent products are described in U.S. Pat. No. 5,514,121 issued to Roe et al. on May 7, 1996, entitled “Diaper Having Expulsive Spacer”; U.S. Pat. No. 5,171,236 issued to Dreier et al. on Dec. 15, 1992, entitled “Disposable Absorbent Article Having Core Spacers”; U.S. Pat. No. 5,397,318 issued to Dreier on Mar. 14, 1995, entitled “Absorbent Article Having A Pocket Cuff”; U.S. Pat. No. 5,540,671 issued to Dreier on Jul. 30, 1996 entitled “Absorbent Article Having A Pocket Cuff With An Apex”; and PCT Application WO 93/25172 published Dec. 3, 1993, entitled “Spacers For Use In Hygienic Absorbent Articles And Disposable Absorbent Articles Having Such Spacer”; and U.S. Pat. No. 5,306,266, entitled “Flexible Spacers For Use In Disposable Absorbent Articles”, issued to Freeland on Apr. 26, 1994. Examples of compartments or voids are disclosed in U.S. Pat. No. 4,968,312, entitled “Disposable Fecal Compartmenting Diaper”, issued to Khan on Nov. 6, 1990; U.S. Pat. No. 4,990,147, entitled “Absorbent Article With Elastic Liner For Waste Material Isolation”, issued to Freeland on Feb. 5, 1991; U.S. Pat. No. 5,062,840, entitled “Disposable Diapers”, issued to Holt et al. on Nov. 5, 1991; and U.S. Pat. No. 5,269,755 entitled “Trisection Topsheets For Disposable Absorbent Articles And Disposable Absorbent Articles Having Such Trisection Topsheets”, issued to Freeland et al. on Dec. 14, 1993. Examples of suitable transverse barriers are described in U.S. Pat. No. 5,554,142 entitled “Absorbent Article Having Multiple Effective Height Transverse Partition” issued Sep. 10, 1996 in the name of Dreier et al.; PCT Patent WO 94/14395 entitled “Absorbent Article Having An Upstanding Transverse Partition” published Jul. 7, 1994 in the name of Freeland, et al.; and U.S. Pat. No. 5,653,703 Absorbent Article Having Angular Upstanding Transverse Partition, issued Aug. 5, 1997 to Roe, et al. All of the above-cited references are hereby incorporated by reference herein.
  • Exemplary fastening systems 54 are disclosed in U.S. Pat. No. 4,846,815, issued to Scripps on Jul. 11, 1989; U.S. Pat. No. 4,894,060, issued to Nestegard on Jan. 16, 1990; U.S. Pat. No. 4,946,527, issued to Battrell on Aug. 7, 1990; U.S. Pat. No. 3,848,594, issued to Buell on Nov. 19, 1974; U.S. Pat. No. 4,963,140 issued to Robertson et al. on Oct. 16, 1990; U.S. Pat. No. B1 4,662,875, issued to Hirotsu et al. on May 5, 1987; and U.S. Pat. No. 5,151,092, issued to Buell et al. on Sep. 29, 1992; each of which is incorporated herein by reference. A skin care composition may be disposed on one or more components of the fastening system to further enhance skin health. For example, a skin care composition as described herein may be disposed on the tape tabs to ease the effects of the tape tab chafing the skin.
  • FIG. 4 is a perspective view of the diaper 20 in its elastically contracted position prior to being placed on the wearer. The topsheet 38 is shown as a portion of the body surface of the diaper 20, the backsheet 42 being disposed away from the body of the wearer. The gasketing cuffs 56 are shown to be gathered or contracted by the flap elastic members (not shown in FIG. 4). The diaper 20 is shown as having two barrier cuffs 62 extending adjacent to and inboard of the gasketing cuffs 56. The distal edges 66 are shown to be gathered and contracted by the spacing elastic members (not shown) in the crotch region. In addition, the ends 74 of the barrier cuff 62 are secured closed so as to provide comfort for the wearer, to obviate inversion of the barrier cuffs, and for ease of application of the diaper. A skin care composition 72 is disposed on the body surface of (applied to the body surface or applied to be migratable to the body surface of) each barrier cuff 62 so as to transfer to the skin of the wearer so as to provide the skin benefits discussed herein.
  • The diaper 20 is applied to a wearer by positioning the back waist region 24 under the wearer's back, and drawing the remainder of the diaper 20 between the wearer's leg so that the front waist region 22 is positioned across the front of the person. The ends of the tape-tab fasteners 54 are then secured preferably to the landing member 55 to close the diaper 20. In this manner, the barrier cuffs 62 should be disposed in the crotch region of the wearer and should provide the dispositions and functions described hereinbefore. Once applied, the distal edges 66 of the barrier cuffs 62 extend through the groin areas and diverge upwardly along both of the buttocks of the wearer. Neither of the barrier cuffs 62 encircle the thighs of the wearer. However, the gasketing cuffs 56 will encircle the thighs and create a gasketing action against the thighs. The barrier cuffs 62 contacts the skin of the wearer and transfer the skin care composition 72 thereto to provide some or all of the benefits described herein.
  • The treated cuffs of the present invention are also useful in training pants or pull-on diapers. The term “training pants”, as used herein, refers to disposable garments having fixed sides thereby defining a fixed waist opening and leg openings. Training pants are placed in position on the wearer by inserting the wearer's legs into the leg openings and sliding the training pant into position about the wearer's lower torso. Suitable training pants are disclosed in U.S. Pat. No. 5,246,433, issued to Hasse, et al. on Sep. 21, 1993; U.S. Pat. No. 4,940,464 issued to Van Gompel, et al. on Jul. 10, 1990; and U.S. Pat. No. 5,092,861 issued to Nomura, et al. on Mar. 3, 1992 each of which is incorporated herein by reference. The treated cuffs of the present invention are also applicable to absorbent articles that are a combination or “hybrid” of training pants and diapers (pull-on diapers) as are described in U.S. Pat. No. 5,569,234, “Disposable Pull-On Pant” issued to Buell and Carlin on Oct. 29, 1996 incorporated herein by reference.
  • Another disposable absorbent article for which the treated cuffs of the present invention are useful are incontinence articles. The term “incontinence article” refers to pads, undergarments (pads held in place by a suspension system of some type, such as a belt, or the like), inserts for absorbent articles, capacity boosters for absorbent articles, briefs, bed pads, and the like regardless of whether they are worn by adults or other incontinent persons. Suitable incontinence articles are disclosed in U.S. Pat. No. 4,253,461 issued to Strickland, et al. on Mar. 3, 1981; U.S. Pat. Nos. 4,597,760 and 4,597,761 issued to Buell; the above-mentioned U.S. Pat. No. 4,704,115; U.S. Pat. No. 4,909,802 issued to Ahr, et al.; U.S. Pat. No. 4,964,860 issued to Gipson, et al. on Oct. 23, 1990; and PCT Publication No. WO 92/11830, The Procter & Gamble Company, published on Jul. 23, 1992; each of which is incorporated herein by reference.
  • FIG. 7 is a simplified fragmentary sectional view of an alternative preferred diaper construction of the present invention. The diaper 720 comprises a chassis and treated cuffs joined to the chassis. The chassis comprises (i) an outer covering layer comprising a portion of the topsheet 38 and a portion of the backsheet 42, and (ii) the absorbent core 44. The cuffs each comprise a barrier cuff 762 and a gasketing cuff 756. The barrier cuff 762 comprises a separate barrier cuff member 763 having a flap portion 702 and a channel portion 704.
  • The flap portion 702 is formed by affixing portions of the barrier cuff member 763 to the backsheet 42 adjacent the longitudinal edge 30 of the diaper by flap attachment members 88, such as an adhesive; a leakage-resistant seal being formed by the flap attachment members 88, the flap portion 68, and the backsheet 42 to provide protection against leakage of liquids wicking along the topsheet 38. The flap portion 702 and the backsheet 42 define the side flap 758 of the gasketing cuff 756 and enclose the flap elastic members 760. The flap elastic members 760 are secured in the flap portion-backsheet-formed side flap 758 by elastic attachment members 90. The gasketing cuff 756 is thereby formed by the side flap 758 and the flap elastic members 760.
  • The channel portion 704 of the barrier cuff 762 is contiguous with the flap portion 702 and has a proximal edge 64 and a distal edge 66. The proximal edge 64 is preferably formed inboard of the gasketing cuff 756, more preferably between the side edge 46 of the absorbent core and the flap elastic member 760, by adjoining a segment of the barrier cuff member 763 to the backsheet 42 by the proximal securement member 92 such as a mechanical/pressure bond so as to form a leakage-resistant seal along the proximal edge 64 to present a barrier to liquid wicking through the topsheet 38 so as to prevent the liquids from wicking underneath the barrier cuffs to the edges of the diaper 20. The distal edge 66 is preferably disposed inboard of the proximal edge 64 and is not secured to any underlying elements of the diaper 20. As shown in FIG. 7, the distal edge 66 is preferably formed by folding the end of the barrier cuff member 763 back upon itself and securing it to another segment of the barrier cuff member by the distal attachment member 96 to form a tunnel. A spacing means such as a spacing elastic member 76 is enclosed in the tunnel; the spacing elastic member 76 being secured in the barrier cuff 762 by the elastic attachment members 94. (As an alternative embodiment, only the ends of the spacing elastic member are secured to the barrier cuff element to create a “drawstring elastic” such that the middle segment of the elastic “floats” in the tunnel. This drawstring elastic is described in more detail in U.S. Pat. No. 4,816,025 issued to Richardson on Mar. 28, 1989, which patent is incorporated herein by reference.) The distal edge 66 is thus spaced away from the body surface 40 of the topsheet 38 by the gathering action of the spacing elastic member 77.
  • In the embodiment shown, the topsheet 38 is positioned adjacent the body surface of the absorbent core 44 and extends beyond the side edge 46 of the absorbent core 44 but terminates inwardly of the proximal edge 64. (Alternatively, the topsheet may extend outwardly beyond the proximal edge but terminate inwardly of outermost flap attachment member 88 to obtain the benefits of the structure.) A more detailed description of the cuff construction of this embodiment is described in U.S. Pat. No. 4,795,454, “Absorbent Article Having Leakage-Resistant Dual Cuff”, issued to Dragoo on Jan. 3, 1989, which patent is incorporated herein by reference.
  • The flap portion 702 is contiguous with the channel portion 704 and extends outwardly from the proximal edge 64 of the channel portion 704 toward the longitudinal edge 30, preferably to the longitudinal edge 30, such that the side flap 758 is formed from the extension of the backsheet 42 and the flap portion 702. While the flap portion 702 is preferably a continuous segment of the barrier cuff member 763, the flap portion 702 may be formed from a different piece of material secured to the channel portion 704 of the barrier cuff 762. Thus, the flap portion 702 may have different physical properties, dimensions, and characteristics than the channel portion 704. For example, the flap portion 702 need not be hydrophobic nor extend outwardly to the longitudinal edge 30. In addition, each of the barrier cuffs 762 need not have a flap portion such that a flap portion may be omitted entirely. The flap portion is, however, preferably hydrophobic, compliant, soft feeling and non-irritating to the wearer's skin since it contacts the legs of the wearer when in use.
  • An effective amount of a skin care composition is disposed on the cuff to provide skin care benefits for the wearer. To effectuate delivery of the skin care composition to the wearer's skin during use, it is preferred to dispose the skin care composition on the portions of the cuff that will contact the wearer's skin. Thus, the skin care composition may be disposed on both surfaces of the cuff, one surface of the cuff, or portions of either or both surfaces. In the embodiment shown in FIG. 7, the skin care composition may be disposed on the flap portion 702, the channel portion 704, or both. If a skin care composition is disposed on both the flap portion and the channel portion, the formulation of the skin care composition disposed on each need not be the same. In fact, each skin care composition may have different formulations and properties to provide different benefits. For example, a first skin care composition that, for example, reduces diaper rash may be disposed on the channel portion while a second skin care composition that, for example, reduces skin irritation and/or soothes the skin may be disposed on the flap portion. In the embodiment shown in FIG. 7, a first skin care composition 72 is disposed on the channel portion, preferably on the body surface thereof; a second skin care composition 72′ is disposed on the flap portion, preferably on the body surface thereof; and a third skin care composition 72″ is disposed on the topsheet, preferably on the body surface thereof. The formulation of each skin care composition need not be the same; however, in this particular embodiment, the formulation of each skin care composition is the same. Each skin care composition is disposed in an effective amount so as to transfer the skin care composition to the skin of the wearer.
  • As shown in FIG. 7, a skin care composition is preferably disposed on discrete portions of the flap portion and the channel portion. More preferably, the skin care composition is applied in one or more stripes, most preferably the stripe or stripes being aligned with those areas that overlie the flap elastic members or the spacing elastic members. The first skin care composition 72 is preferably applied to the channel portion 704 in a wide stripe (about 1.4 inch) extending from the distal edge 66 toward the proximal edge 64. The length of this stripe extends along a portion of the length of the spacing elastic member 76 (about 11.75 inch long) such that the portion of the barrier cuff element 763 adjacent the end of the spacing elastic member in the front waist region does not have the skin care composition 72 disposed thereon. (See, for example, FIG. 1.) A plurality of stripes of the second skin care composition 72′ are disposed on the flap portion 702.
  • The skin care composition may be applied to the body surface 57 or the garment surface 59 of the barrier cuff member 763. If applied to the garment surface, the skin care composition preferably acts as a hydrophobic coating to assist in blocking the flow of urine and BM through the barrier cuffs. Also, the skin care composition is applied such that it will migrate or transfer through to the body surface of the barrier cuff member so as to be transferable onto the skin of the wearer and provide the skin care benefits discussed herein.
  • A skin care composition may also be disposed on the topsheet so as to provide a different benefit or the same benefit as that applied to the barrier cuff. An example of a skin care composition for a topsheet is described in U.S. Pat. No. 5,643,588 issued to Roe, et al. on Jul. 1, 1997, which patent is incorporated herein by reference.
  • FIG. 8 is another alternative embodiment of a treated cuff, particularly a breathable treated elastic leg cuff, of the present invention. As shown in FIG. 8, the diaper 820 comprises a chassis comprising an outer covering layer comprising a topsheet 38 and a backsheet 42, and an absorbent core 44 encased in the outer covering layer, preferably between the topsheet 38 and the backsheet 42. The leg cuff 856 comprises a side flap 858 and elastic members 860. The leg cuff 856 is formed as a separate unit that is joined to the chassis. In this particular embodiment, the side flap 858 comprises two cuff elements, a first cuff element 802 joined to the topsheet 38 and extending laterally outwardly therefrom and a second cuff element 804 joined to the backsheet 42 and extending laterally outwardly therefrom. The first cuff element 802 and the second cuff element 804 enclose the elastic members 860 which are operatively joined to either or both cuff elements to form a gasketing cuff. In the particular embodiment shown, each cuff element is formed of a material which allows the passage of vapor (breathes) while tending to retard the passage of liquid (air pervious but liquid impervious). In this particular embodiment, the cuff elements each comprise a nonwoven web; however, other breathable materials, including apertured formed films may be used. A more detailed description of such a leg cuff is disclosed in U.S. Pat. No. 4,636,207, issued to Buell on Jan. 13, 1987, which patent is incorporated herein by reference.
  • The skin care composition may be disposed on either the first cuff element, the second cuff element, or both. In a preferred embodiment as shown in FIG. 8, the skin care composition 872 is disposed on the first cuff element 802, preferably on the body surface 802, such that the skin care composition 872 may be readily transferred to the wearer's skin when the leg cuff 856 is in contact with the wearer. The skin care composition is preferably applied in one or more stripes with the stripe or stripes more preferably aligned with those areas that overlie the elastic members. Alternatively, the skin care composition may be applied to the garment surface 808 of the first cuff element 802 or to the second cuff element 804 and allowed to migrate or transfer through the materials to the body surface 806 of the first cuff element 802 to provide the benefits of the skin care composition as well as to provide a leg cuff that has reduced leakage. In addition, the skin care composition may be applied to the elastic members and allowed to transfer through to the body surface of the first cuff element. (In a further alternative embodiment, the second cuff element may be replaced by extending the backsheet all the way to the edge of the diaper).
  • The breathability (vapor permeability) of the cuff enhances the function of many of the skin care compositions used in the present invention by allowing vapor exchange within the diaper to reduce the relative humidity of the interior of the diaper. Excessive relative humidity in the absorbent article between the wearer's skin and the article can interfere with the normal transport of water vapor into and out of the skin. By providing a means for transport of such excess moisture (breathable cuffs), the driving force toward overhydration is reduced. This allows moisture adjacent the skin to be removed from the diaper, thereby further enhancing the skin health of the wearer over and above the reduction provided by the skin care composition of the present invention alone. (Disposable absorbent articles which provide improved protection against skin overhydration because of a skin care composition disposed on the topsheet, improved skin aeration such as is provided by improved breathability, and superior liquid handling performance is disclosed in U.S. patent application Ser. No. 08/926,566 (P&G Case 6832Q) “Disposable Absorbent Articles Providing A Skin Condition Benefit”, Elder, et al. filed on Sep. 10, 1997, which is incorporated herein by reference.)
  • FIG. 9 is a plan view of a further alternative embodiment of the present invention having separate side panel laminates, front side panels 902 and back side panels 904, joined to the chassis (containment assembly). The extensible back side panels 904 have multi-directional stretch provided by a first side panel 906 and a second side panel 908 to provide separate extensibility along the waist and leg portions of the diaper 920. The side panels and the diaper are described more fully in U.S. Pat. No. 5,580,411, “Zero Scrap Method for Manufacturing Side Panels for Absorbent Articles” issued to Nease, et al. on Dec. 3, 1996 and U.S. application Ser. No. 08/115,048 entitled “Absorbent Article With Multi-Directional Extensible Side Panels”, filed on Nov. 19, 1994 in the names of Robles, et al., which are incorporated herein by reference. The diaper 920 can have various treated cuffs and combinations thereof. The leg cuffs of the diaper 920 comprise the gasketing cuff 956 of the chassis (containment assembly) and the leg edges 910 of the second side panels 908 and of the front side panels 902. The waist cuffs comprise the elastic waistband 912 of the chassis (containment assembly) and the waist edge 914 of the first side panels 906 and the front side panels 902. In this embodiment, a skin care composition may be applied to the side panels or any portion thereof, to the gasketing cuff, to the elastic waistband, or any combination of the above. For example, a skin care composition may be applied to the elastic waistband and to a portion of the waist edge of each first side panel and front side panel. A skin care composition may be disposed on each leg cuff including a segment of the gasketing cuff, the leg edge of the second side panel and the leg edge of the front side panel. The skin care composition may thus provide a therapeutic or protective coating to the legs of the wearer. Alternatively, different formulation skin care compositions may be disposed on any combination or all of these cuffs. A further skin care composition may also be disposed on the topsheet 38 as described herein. As shown in FIG. 10, a first skin care composition 972 is disposed on the first side panel 906 in multiple stripes as spirals, a second skin care composition 972′ is disposed on the second side panel 908 in multiple stripes as spirals, and a third skin care composition 972″ is disposed on the front side panels 902 in multiple stripes as spirals. Each of the skin care compositions may be of the same formulation or different formulations. If the skin care compositions have different formulations, each particular skin care composition can be formulated to provide unique skin care benefits to different areas of the wearer.
  • FIG. 10 is a fragmentary sectional view of an alternative preferred diaper construction of a treated cuff disposed in the waist regions of a diaper. In particular, the drawing depicts a unitary waistcap/waistband. An exemplary embodiment of such a unitary waistcap/waistband is disclosed in U.S. Pat. No. 5,026,364 issued to Robertson on Jun. 25, 1991, which patent is incorporated herein by reference. (It should be noted that the present invention is not limited to unitary waistcap/waistbands but also encompasses waistbands such as shown in U.S. Pat. No. 4,515,595 issued to Kievit & Osterhage on May 7, 1985; as well as waistcaps such as disclosed in U.S. Pat. No. 4,738,677 issued to Foreman on Apr. 19, 1988 and U.S. Pat. No. 4,743,246 issued to Lawson on May 10, 1988; each of these patents being incorporated herein by reference.) The unitary waistcap/waistband 1002 is formed by a single piece of elastomeric material operatively joined with the diaper 1020. The outward portion 1004 is operatively joined with the waist flap 1058 in an elastically contractible condition adjacent the end edge 32 of the diaper 1020 by a waistband securement member (not shown) such as ultrasonic bonds so as to form an elastic waistband 1056. The inward portion 1006 is contiguous with the outward portion 1004 and has a proximal edge 1064 and a distal edge 1066. The proximal edge 1064 of the inward portion 1006 is formed inboard of the end edge 32 of the diaper 1020, preferably between the waist edge 47 of the absorbent core 44 and the outward portion 1004, by joining a segment of the inward portion 1006 to the waist flap 1058 (the topsheet 38) by a proximal attachment member (not shown) such as an adhesive so as to form a seal along the proximal edge 1064. The distal edge 1066 is disposed inboard of the proximal edge 1064 and in the view shown, is not secured to any underlying elements of the diaper 1020, particularly the topsheet 38, so that portions of the inward portion 1006 may be spaced away from the body surface 40 of the topsheet 38 to form a waistcap 1062 (barrier cuff). In the embodiment shown, a single piece of material serves as both the elastic waistband 1056 and as the waistcap 1062 (barrier cuff). This single piece of material is referred to herein as a unitary waistcap/waistband 1002. The waistband enhances the fit of the diaper about the wearer and retards leakage from the waist area while the waistcap restrains, contains and holds body exudates within the diaper. However, it should be noted that separate elements may form both the waistcap and the waistband.
  • In the embodiment shown, a skin care composition may be disposed on the inward portion, the outward portion, or both. Thus, a skin care composition may be applied onto the waistcap or the waistband. The skin care composition is preferably applied to the body surface of the unitary waistcap/waistband so as to contact and transfer to the skin of the wearer during use. As shown in FIG. 10, a skin care composition 1072 is preferably disposed in one or more stripes on the body surface 1070 of the unitary waistcap/waistband 1002, more preferably adjacent the distal edge 1066 of the waistcap 1062 and in the waistband 1056. In order to enhance the hydrophobicity of the waistcap and to provide a skin care composition transferable to the skin, the skin care composition may alternatively be applied to the garment surface and allowed to migrate or transfer through to the body surface thereby providing a hydrophobic coating which helps retard the passage of liquid while allowing the skin care composition to be readily transferred to the skin of the wearer. In addition, a different formulation skin care composition may be applied to the inward portion versus the outward portion.
  • Another disposable absorbent article of the present invention are feminine hygiene articles, such as sanitary napkins. Suitable feminine hygiene articles are disclosed in U.S. Pat. No. 4,556,146, issued to Swanson et al. on Dec. 3, 1985; U.S. Pat. No. B1 4,589,876, issued to Van Tilburg on Apr. 27, 1993; U.S. Pat. No. 4,687,478, issued to Van Tilburg on Aug. 18, 1997; U.S. Pat. No. 4,950,264, issued to Osborn, III on Aug. 21, 1990; U.S. Pat. No. 5,009,653, issued to Osborn, III on Apr. 23, 1991; U.S. Pat. 5,267,992, issued to Van Tilburg on Dec. 7, 1993; U.S. Pat. No. 5,389,094, issued to Lavash et al. on Feb. 14, 1995; U.S. Pat. No. 5,413,568, issued to Road et al. on May 9, 1995; U.S. Pat. No. 5,460,623, issued to Emenaker et al. on Oct. 24, 1995; U.S. Pat. No. 5,489,283, issued to Van Tilburg on Feb. 6, 1996; U.S. Pat. No. 5,569,231, issued to Emenaker et al. on Oct. 29, 1996; and U.S. Pat. No. 5,620,430, issued to Bamber on Apr. 15, 1997; each of which is incorporated herein by reference.
  • FIG. 11 shows a fragmentary coronal view showing a sectioned sanitary napkin 1120 having a treated cuff of the present invention positioned in a panty 1102 in place on a wearer during use. A more detailed description of a sanitary napkin having a barrier cuff is found in U.S. Pat. No. 5,649,917 issued to Roberts & Mancel on Jul. 22, 1997; which patent is incorporated herein by reference. As shown in FIG. 11, the sanitary napkin 1120 comprises a central absorbent pad comprising a topsheet 38, a backsheet 42, and an absorbent core 44 positioned between the topsheet 38 and the backsheet 42; a flap 1104 (commercially referred to as “wings” or “tabs”) extending from each longitudinal edge 1130 of the central absorbent pad, each flap 1104 having at least one flexible axis, preferably a first axis of flexibility 1106 and a second axis of flexibility 1108 such that, in use, the elastic in the panty 1102 pushes the flaps 1104 adjacent the second axes of flexibility 1108 snugly against the body resulting in a double-wall barrier to contain menses; and a treated cuff comprising a barrier cuff 1162 (barrier means) having a proximal edge 1164 and a distal edge 1166, the proximal edge 1164 being joined to the napkin (preferably in this embodiment the flap 1104) to contain body exudates.
  • A skin care composition 1172 is disposed on each barrier cuff 1162 to provide skin care benefits as described herein. While the skin care composition may be applied to the entire cuff, one of the surfaces of the cuff, or any portions thereof, in the embodiment shown, the skin care composition is applied in one or more stripes to a portion of the body surface of the barrier cuff 1162 preferably adjacent the distal edge 1166. In addition, in the embodiment shown, a second skin care composition 1172′ is also disposed on each flap 1104. A third skin care composition 1172″ is disposed on the topsheet 38. The second skin care composition 1172′ disposed on the flaps 1104 is preferably disposed on the portions of the flaps that come in contact with the wearer during use, typically the portions of the flaps adjacent the second axis of flexibility 1108. The second skin care composition 1172′ may be disposed between the first axis of flexibility 1106 and the second axis of flexibility 1108 and/or between the second axis of flexibility 1108 and the distal edge 1110 of the flap, or both. The formulation of the skin care compositions applied to the barrier cuff, the topsheet, and the flaps can be different to provide different skin care benefits to different portions of the skin of the wearer. In the embodiment shown, the skin care compositions which are disposed on the topsheet, the flaps, and the barrier cuffs have the same formulation.
  • B. Skin Care Composition
  • While the specific skin care composition(s) delivered (referred to herein as “skin care composition” and “composition”) in accordance with the present invention is an important factor in delivering desirable skin effects, it is preferred that the skin care composition should provide a protective, nonocclusive function (e.g., a relatively liquid impervious but vapor pervious barrier) to avoid skin hyperhydration and skin exposure to materials contained in body exudates; an abrasion minimizing function to reduce skin irritation in the areas where the cuffs contact the wearer's skin; or contain agents that deliver, either directly or indirectly, skin care benefits. For example, indirect benefits include improved removal of skin irritants such as feces or urine. The composition may be in a variety of forms, including, but not limited to, emulsions, lotions, creams, ointments, salves, powders, suspensions, encapsulations, gels, and the like.
  • As used herein, the term “effective amount of a skin care composition” refers to an amount of a particular composition which, when applied or migrated to (“disposed on”) the body surface of a cuff, will be effective in reducing the abrasion between the cuff and skin in the areas where the cuffs contact the wearer's skin, providing a protective barrier and/or delivering a skin care benefit when delivered via cuffs, and/or reducing the adherence of BM to the skin. Unless otherwise indicated, the description pertaining to disposition of skin care composition on the cuffs will be applicable to compositions disposed on the topsheet, in such preferred embodiments. Of course, the effective amount of composition disposed on the cuff will depend, to a large extent, on the particular skin care composition used. Nonetheless, the quantity of the skin care composition disposed on at least a portion of the body surface of the cuff will preferably range from about 0.05 mg/in2 (0.0078 mg/cm2) to about 80 mg/in2 (12 mg/cm2), more preferably from about 1 mg/in2 (0.16 mg/cm2) to about 40 mg/in2 (6 mg/cm2), still more preferably from about 4 mg/in2 (0.6 mg/cm2) to about 26 mg/in2 (4 mg/cm2). These ranges are by way of illustration only and the skilled artisan will recognize that the nature of the composition will dictate the level that must be disposed thereon to achieve the desired skin benefits, and that such levels are ascertainable by routine experimentation in light of the present disclosure.
  • While the level of skin care composition disposed on the cuffs is an important aspect of the present invention, more important is the amount of composition transferred to the wearer's skin during use of one or more of the treated cuffs. Though the requisite level delivered to the skin to provide the desired skin benefits will depend to some degree on the nature of the composition employed, Applicants have found that relatively low levels may be delivered while still providing the desired skin effects. This is particularly true for preferred compositions, such as those described in the examples.
  • Another benefit of the present invention is the controlled application of the skin care composition to deliver the low but effective levels of composition required. This is in contrast to typically sporadic manual application of skin care agents, where the caregiver/user often applies significantly greater levels of material than are needed. Excessive materials added manually may adversely impact the fluid handling properties of the absorbent article, as a result of transfer from the skin to the article. Indeed, for certain materials, such as petrolatum, the levels applied manually may actually result in an occlusive effect, thereby compromising the skin. A benefit of the present invention is providing a barrier to surface moisture while avoiding occlusion of the skin (i.e., maintaining skin breathability). Thus, the present invention allows transfer of optimal levels of the composition to the skin to maintain and/or improve skin health.
  • With regard to the level of skin care composition that is transferred to the wearer during use of one treated absorbent article worn for a period of about 3 hours (a typical daytime wear time), particularly for preferred skin care compositions such as that described in Example 1, preferred is where at least about 0.01 mg/in2 (0.0016 mg/cm2), more preferably at least about 0.05 mg/in2 (0.0078 mg/cm2), still more preferably at least about 0.1 mg/in2 (0.016 mg/cm2), of the composition is transferred to the skin over a three hour wear period. Typically, the amount of composition delivered by one treated article will be from about 0.01 mg/in2 (0.0016 mg/cm2)to about 8 mg/in2 (1.24 mg/cm2), more preferably from about 0.05 mg/in2 (0.0078 mg/cm2) to about 6 mg/in2 (0.93 mg/cm2), still more preferably from about 0.1 mg/in2 (0.016mg/cm2)to about 5 mg/in2 (0.78 mg/cm2), over a three hour wear period.
  • It will be recognized that of the numerous materials useful in the skin care compositions delivered to skin in accordance with the present invention, those that have been deemed safe and effective skin care agents are logical materials for use herein. Such materials include Category I actives as defined by the U.S. Federal Food and Drug Administration's (FDA) Tentative Final Monograph on Skin Protectant Drug Products for Over-the-Counter Human Use (21 C.F.R. § 347), which presently include: alantoin, aluminum hydroxide gel, calamine, cocoa butter, dimethicone, cod liver oil (in combination), glycerine, kaolin, petrolatum, lanolin, mineral oil, shark liver oil, white petrolatum, talc, topical starch, zinc acetate, zinc carbonate, zinc oxide, and the like. Other potentially useful materials are Category III actives as defined by the U.S. Federal Food and Drug Administration's Tentative Final Monograph on Skin Protectant Drug Products for Over-the-Counter Human Use (21 C.F.R. § 347), which presently include: live yeast cell derivatives, aldioxa, aluminum acetate, microporous cellulose, cholecalciferol, colloidal oatmeal, cysteine hydrochloride, dexpanthanol, Peruvean balsam oil, protein hydrolysates, racemic methionine, sodium bicarbonate, Vitamin A, and the like. It will be recognized that one or more of these optional materials may be used in combination with other ingredients, such as those described herein.
  • As will be discussed hereinafter, the skin care compositions useful in the present invention preferably, though not necessarily, have a melting profile such that they are relatively immobile and localized on the wearer-contacting surface (body surface) of the cuff at room temperature, at least a portion of the composition will be transferable to the wearer at body temperature, and yet are not completely liquid under extreme storage conditions. Preferably, the compositions are easily transferable to the skin by way of normal contact, wearer motion, and/or body heat. Because the composition preferably is substantially immobilized on the cuff's wearer-contacting surface, relatively low levels of skin care composition are needed to impart the desired skin care benefits. In addition, special barrier or wrapping materials may be unnecessary in packaging the articles useful in the present invention.
  • In a preferred embodiment, the skin care compositions useful herein are solid, or more often semi-solid, at 20° C., i.e. at ambient temperatures. By “semisolid” is meant that the composition has a rheology typical of pseudoplastic or plastic liquids. When no shear is applied, the compositions can have the appearance of a semi-solid but can be made to flow as the shear rate is increased. This is due to the fact that, while the composition contains primarily solid components, it also includes some minor liquid components.
  • Preferably, the compositions of the present invention have a zero shear viscosity between about 1.0×106 centipoise and about 1.0×108 centipoise. More preferably, the zero shear viscosity is between about 5.0×106 centipoise and about 5.0×107 centipoise. As used herein the term “zero shear viscosity” refers to a viscosity measured at very low shear rates (e.g., 1.0 sec−1) using plate and cone viscometer (a suitable instrument is available from TA Instruments of New Castle, DE as model number CSL 100). One of skill in the art will recognize means other than high melting point components (as discussed below) can be used to provide comparable viscosities measured for such compositions comprising such means can be measured by extrapolating a plot of viscosity vs. shear rate for such compositions to a shear rate of zero at a temperature of about 20° C.
  • Preferred compositions are at least semi-solid at room temperature to minimize composition migration. In addition, the compositions preferably have a final melting point (100% liquid) above potential “stressful” storage conditions that can be greater than 45° C. (e.g., warehouse in Arizona, car trunk in Florida, etc.). Specifically, preferred compositions will have the following melt profile:
  • Characteristic Preferred Range Most Preferred
    % liquid at  2-50  3-25
    room temp. (20° C.)
    % liquid at 25-95 30-90
    body temp. (37° C.)
    final melting point (° C.) ≧38 ≧45
  • By being solid or semisolid at ambient temperatures, preferred compositions do not have a tendency to flow and migrate to a significant degree to undesired locations of the absorbent article. This means less skin care composition is required for imparting desirable therapeutic, protective and/or conditioning benefits.
  • To enhance immobility of preferred compositions, the viscosity of the formulated compositions should be as high as possible to prevent flow from the cuff to undesired locations within the diaper. Unfortunately, in some instances, higher viscosities may inhibit transfer of composition to the wearer's skin or may be difficult to apply without processing problems. Therefore, a balance should be achieved so the viscosities are high enough to keep the compositions localized on the body surface of the cuff, but not so high as to impede transfer to the wearer's skin. Suitable viscosities for the compositions will typically range from about 1 to about 5000 centipoise, preferably from about 5 to about 300 centipoise, more preferably from about 5 to about 100 centipoise, measured at 60° C. using a rotational viscometer (a suitable viscometer is available from Lab Line Instruments, Inc. of Melrose Park, Ill. as Model 4537). The viscometer is operated at 60 rpm using a number 2 spindle.
  • For compositions designed to provide a skin care benefit, a useful active ingredient in these compositions is one or more skin protectants or emollients. As used herein, the term “emollient” is a material that protects against wetness or irritation, softens, soothes, supples, coats, lubricates, moisturizes, protects and/or cleanses the skin. (It will be recognized that several of the monographed actives listed above are “emollients”, as that term is used herein.) In a preferred embodiment, these emollients will have either a plastic or liquid consistency at ambient temperatures, i.e., 20° C.
  • Representative emollients useful in the present invention include, but are not limited to, emollients that are petroleum-based; sucrose ester fatty acids; polyethylene glycol and derivatives thereof; humectants; fatty acid ester type; alkyl ethoxylate type; fatty acid ester ethoxylates; fatty alcohol type; polysiloxane type; propylene glycol and derivatives thereof; glycerine and derivatives thereof, including glyceride, acetoglycerides, and ethoxylated glycerides of C12-C28 fatty acids; triethylene glycol and derivatives thereof; spermaceti or other waxes; fatty acids; fatty alcohol ethers, particularly those having from 12 to 28 carbon atoms in their fatty chain, such as stearic acid; propoxylated fatty alcohols; other fatty esters of polyhydroxy alcohols; lanolin and its derivatives; kaolin and its derivatives; any of the monographed skin care agents listed above; or mixtures of these emollients.
  • Suitable petroleum-based emollients include those hydrocarbons, or mixtures of hydrocarbons, having chain lengths of from 16 to 32 carbon atoms. Petroleum based hydrocarbons having these chain lengths include mineral oil (also known as “liquid petrolatum”) and petrolatum (also known as “mineral wax, ” “petroleum jelly” and “mineral jelly”). Mineral oil usually refers to less viscous mixtures of hydrocarbons having from 16 to 20 carbon atoms. Petrolatum usually refers to more viscous mixtures of hydrocarbons having from 16 to 32 carbon atoms. Petrolatum and mineral oil are particularly preferred emollients for compositions of the present invention.
  • Suitable fatty acid ester type emollients include those derived from C12-C28 fatty acids, preferably C16-C22 saturated fatty acids, and short chain (C1-C8, preferably C1-C3) monohydric alcohols. Representative examples of such esters include methyl palmitate, methyl stearate, isopropyl laurate, isopropyl myristate, isopropyl palmitate, ethylhexyl palmitate and mixtures thereof. Suitable fatty acid ester emollients can also be derived from esters of longer chain fatty alcohols (C12-C28, preferably C12-C16) and shorter chain fatty acids e.g., lactic acid, such as lauryl lactate and cetyl lactate.
  • Suitable alkyl ethoxylate type emollients include C12-C22 fatty alcohol ethoxylates having an average degree of ethoxylation of from about 2 to about 30. Preferably, the fatty alcohol ethoxylate emollient is selected from the group consisting of lauryl, cetyl, and stearyl ethoxylates, and mixtures thereof, having an average degree of ethoxylation ranging from about 2 to about 23. Representative examples of such alkyl ethoxylates include laureth-3 (a lauryl ethoxylate having an average degree of ethoxylation of 3), laureth-23 (a lauryl ethoxylate having an average degree of ethoxylation of 23), ceteth-10 (a cetyl alcohol ethoxylate having an average degree of ethoxylation of 10) and steareth-10 (a stearyl alcohol ethoxylate having an average degree of ethoxylation of 10). When employed, these alkyl ethoxylate emollients are typically used in combination with the petroleum-based emollients, such as petrolatum, at a weight ratio of alkyl ethoxylate emollient to petroleum-based emollient of from about 1:1 to about 1:5, preferably from about 1:2 to about 1:4.
  • Suitable fatty alcohol type emollients include C12-C22 fatty alcohols, preferably C16-C18 fatty alcohols. Representative examples include cetyl alcohol and stearyl alcohol, and mixtures thereof. When employed, these fatty alcohol emollients are typically used in combination with the petroleum-based emollients, such as petrolatum, at a weight ratio of fatty alcohol emollient to petroleum-based emollient of from about 1:1 to about 1:5, preferably from about 1:1 to about 1:2.
  • Other suitable types of emollients for use herein include polysiloxane compounds. In general, suitable polysiloxane materials for use in the present invention include those having monomeric siloxane units of the following structure:
  • Figure US20080249491A1-20081009-C00001
  • wherein, R1 and R2, for each independent siloxane monomeric unit can each independently be hydrogen or any alkyl, aryl, alkenyl, alkaryl, arakyl, cycloalkyl, halogenated hydrocarbon, or other radical. Any of such radicals can be substituted or unsubstituted. R1 and R2 radicals of any particular monomeric unit may differ from the corresponding functionalities of the next adjoining monomeric unit. Additionally, the polysiloxane can be either a straight chain, a branched chain or have a cyclic structure. The radicals R1 and R2 can additionally independently be other silaceous functionalities such as, but not limited to siloxanes, polysiloxanes, silanes, and polysilanes. The radicals R1 and R2 may contain any of a variety of organic functionalities including, for example, alcohol, carboxylic acid, phenyl, and amine functionalities.
  • Exemplary alkyl radicals are methyl, ethyl, propyl, butyl, pentyl, hexyl, octyl, decyl, octadecyl, and the like. Exemplary alkenyl radicals are vinyl, allyl, and the like. Exemplary aryl radicals are phenyl, diphenyl, naphthyl, and the like. Exemplary alkaryl radicals are toyl, xylyl, ethylphenyl, and the like. Exemplary aralkyl radicals are benzyl, alpha-phenylethyl, beta-phenylethyl, alpha-phenylbutyl, and the like. Exemplary cycloalkyl radicals are cyclobutyl, cyclopentyl, cyclohexyl, and the like. Exemplary halogenated hydrocarbon radicals are chloromethyl, bromoethyl, tetrafluorethyl, fluorethyl, trifluorethyl, trifluorotloyl, hexafluoroxylyl, and the like.
  • Viscosity of polysiloxanes useful may vary as widely as the viscosity of polysiloxanes in general vary, so long as the polysiloxane is flowable or can be made to be flowable for application to the absorbent article. This includes, but is not limited to, viscosity as low as 5 centistokes (at 37° C. as measured by a glass viscometer) to about 20,000,000 centistokes. Preferably the polysiloxanes have a viscosity at 37° C. ranging from about 5 to about 5,000 centistokes, more preferably from about 5 to about 2,000 centistokes, most preferably from about 100 to about 1000 centistokes. High viscosity polysiloxanes which themselves are resistant to flowing can be effectively deposited upon the absorbent articles by such methods as, for example, emulsifying the polysiloxane in surfactant or providing the polysiloxane in solution with the aid of a solvent, such as hexane, listed for exemplary purposes only. Particular methods for applying polysiloxane emollients to absorbent articles are discussed in more detail hereinafter.
  • Preferred polysiloxanes compounds for use in the present invention are disclosed in U.S. Pat. No. 5,059,282 (Ampulski et al), issued Oct. 22, 1991, which is incorporated herein by reference. Particularly preferred polysiloxane compounds for use as emollients in the compositions of the present invention include phenyl-functional polymethylsiloxane compounds (e.g., Dow Corning 556 Cosmetic-Grade Fluid: polyphenylmethylsiloxane) and cetyl or stearyl functionalized dimethicones such as Dow 2502 and Dow 2503 polysiloxane liquids, respectively. In addition to such substitution with phenyl-functional or alkyl groups, effective substitution may be made with amino, carboxyl, hydroxyl, ether, polyether, aldehyde, ketone, amide, ester, and thiol groups. Of these effective substituent groups, the family of groups comprising phenyl, amino, alkyl, carboxyl, and hydroxyl groups are more preferred than the others; and phenyl-functional groups are most preferred.
  • Suitable humectants include glycerine, propylene glycol, sorbitol, trihydroxy stearin, and the like.
  • When present, the amount of emollient that can be included in the composition will depend on a variety of factors, including the particular emollient involved, the skin benefits desired, the other components in the composition and like factors. The composition will comprise from 0 to about 100%, by total weight, of the emollient. Preferably, the composition will comprise from about 10 to about 95%, more preferably from about 20 to about 80%, and most preferably from about 40 to about 75%, by weight, of the emollient.
  • Another optional, but especially key component of certain skin care compositions useful in the present invention is an agent capable of immobilizing the composition (including the preferred emollient and/or other skin condition/protective agents) in the desired location in or on the treated cuff. Because certain of the preferred emollients in the composition have a plastic or liquid consistency at 20° C., they tend to flow or migrate, even when subjected to modest shear. When applied to a body surface or other location of a cuff, especially in a melted or molten state, the emollient will not remain primarily in or on the treated region. Instead, the emollient will tend to migrate and flow to undesired regions of the absorbent article.
  • Specifically, if the emollient migrates into the interior of the article, it can cause undesired effects on the absorbency of the absorbent core due to the hydrophobic characteristics of many of the emollients and other skin conditioning agents used in the compositions useful in the present invention. It also means that much more emollient has to be applied to the cuff to get the desired benefits. Increasing the level of emollient not only increases the cost, but also exacerbates the undesirable effect on the absorbency of the core and undesired transfer of composition during processing/converting of the treated cuffs.
  • The immobilizing agent counteracts this tendency of the emollient to migrate or flow by keeping the emollient primarily localized on the surface or in the region of the cuff to which the composition is applied. This is believed to be due, in part, to the fact that the immobilizing agent raises the melting point and/or viscosity of the composition above that of the emollient. Since the immobilizing agent is preferably miscible with the emollient (or solubilized in the emollient with the aid of an appropriate emulsifier or dispersed therein), it entraps the emollient on the surface of the wearer contacting surface of the cuff or in the region to which it is applied.
  • It is also advantageous to “lock” the immobilizing agent on the wearer contacting surface or the region of the cuff to which it is applied. This can be accomplished by using immobilizing agents which quickly set up (i.e., solidify) upon application to the cuff. In addition, outside cooling of the treated cuff via blowers, fans, cold rolls, etc. can speed up crystallization of the immobilizing agent.
  • In addition to being miscible with (or solubilized in) the emollient, the immobilizing agent will preferably have a melting profile that will provide a composition that is solid or semisolid at ambient temperature. In this regard, preferred immobilizing agents will have a melting point of at least about 35° C. This is so the immobilizing agent itself will not have a tendency to migrate or flow. Preferred immobilizing agents will have melting points of at least about 40° C. Typically, the immobilizing agent will have a melting point in the range of from about 50° to about 150° C.
  • When utilized, immobilizing agents useful herein can be selected from any of a number of agents, so long as the preferred properties of the skin care composition provide the skin benefits described herein. Preferred immobilizing agents will comprise a member selected from the group consisting of C14-C22 fatty alcohols, C12-C22 fatty acids, and C12-C22 fatty alcohol ethoxylates having an average degree of ethoxylation ranging from 2 to about 30, and mixtures thereof. Preferred immobilizing agents include C16-C18 fatty alcohols, most preferably crystalline high melting materials selected from the group consisting of cetyl alcohol, stearyl alcohol, behenyl alcohol, and mixtures thereof. (The linear structure of these materials can speed up solidification on the treated cuff.) Mixtures of cetyl alcohol and stearyl alcohol are particularly preferred. Other preferred immobilizing agents include C16-C18 fatty acids, most preferably selected from the group consisting of palmitic acid, stearic acid, and mixtures thereof. Mixtures of palmitic acid and stearic acid are particularly preferred. Still other preferred immobilizing agents include C16-C18 fatty alcohol ethoxylates having an average degree of ethoxylation ranging from about 5 to about 20. Preferably, the fatty alcohols, fatty acids and fatty alcohols are linear. Importantly, these preferred immobilizing agents such as the C16-C18 fatty alcohols increase the rate of crystallization of the composition causing the composition to crystallize rapidly onto the surface of the substrate.
  • Other types of immobilizing agents that may be used herein include polyhydroxy fatty acid esters, polyhydroxy fatty acid amides, and mixtures thereof. Preferred esters and amides will have three or more free hydroxy groups on the polyhydroxy moiety and are typically nonionic in character. Because of the possible skin sensitivity of those using cuffs to which the composition is applied, these esters and amides should also be relatively mild and non-irritating to the skin.
  • Suitable polyhydroxy fatty acid esters for use in the present invention will have the formula:
  • Figure US20080249491A1-20081009-C00002
  • wherein R is a C5-C31 hydrocarbyl group, preferably straight chain C7-C19 alkyl or alkenyl, more preferably straight chain C9-C17 alkyl or alkenyl, most preferably straight chain C11-C17 alkyl or alkenyl, or mixture thereof; Y is a polyhydroxyhydrocarbyl moiety having a hydrocarbyl chain with at least 2 free hydroxyls directly connected to the chain; and n is at least 1. Suitable Y groups can be derived from polyols such as glycerol, pentaerythritol; sugars such as raffinose, maltodextrose, galactose, sucrose, glucose, xylose, fructose, maltose, lactose, mannose and erythrose; sugar alcohols such as erythritol, xylitol, malitol, mannitol and sorbitol; and anhydrides of sugar alcohols such as sorbitan.
  • One class of suitable polyhydroxy fatty acid esters for use in the present invention comprises certain sorbitan esters, preferably the sorbitan esters of C16-C22 saturated fatty acids. Because of the manner in which they are typically manufactured, these sorbitan esters usually comprise mixtures of mono-, di-, tri-, etc. esters. Representative examples of suitable sorbitan esters include sorbitan palmitates (e.g., SPAN 40), sorbitan stearates (e.g., SPAN 60), and sorbitan behenates, that comprise one or more of the mono-, di- and tri-ester versions of these sorbitan esters, e.g., sorbitan mono-, di- and tri-palmitate, sorbitan mono-, di- and tri-stearate, sorbitan mono-, di and tri-behenate, as well as mixed tallow fatty acid sorbitan mono-, di- and tri-esters. Mixtures of different sorbitan esters can also be used, such as sorbitan palmitates with sorbitan stearates. Particularly preferred sorbitan esters are the sorbitan stearates, typically as a mixture of mono-, di- and tri-esters (plus some tetraester) such as SPAN 60, and sorbitan stearates sold under the trade name GLYCOMUL-S by Lonza, Inc. Although these sorbitan esters typically contain mixtures of mono-, di- and tri-esters, plus some tetraester, the mono- and di-esters are usually the predominant species in these mixtures.
  • Another class of suitable polyhydroxy fatty acid esters for use in the present invention comprises certain glyceryl monoesters, preferably glyceryl monoesters of C16-C22 saturated fatty acids such as glyceryl monostearate, glyceryl monopalmitate, and glyceryl monobehenate. Again, like the sorbitan esters, glyceryl monoester mixtures will typically contain some di- and triester. However, such mixtures should contain predominantly the glyceryl monoester species to be useful in the present invention.
  • Another class of suitable polyhydroxy fatty acid esters for use in the present invention comprise certain sucrose fatty acid esters, preferably the C12-C22 saturated fatty acid esters of sucrose. Sucrose monoesters and diesters are particularly preferred and include sucrose mono- and di-stearate and sucrose mono- and di- laurate.
  • Suitable polyhydroxy fatty acid amides for use in the present invention will have the formula:
  • Figure US20080249491A1-20081009-C00003
  • wherein R1 is H, C1-C4 hydrocarbyl, 2-hydroxyethyl, 2-hydroxypropyl, methoxyethyl, methoxypropyl or a mixture thereof, preferably C1-C4 alkyl, methoxyethyl or methoxypropyl, more preferably C1 or C2 alkyl or methoxypropyl , most preferably C1 alkyl (i.e., methyl) or methoxypropyl; and R2 is a C5-C31 hydrocarbyl group, preferably straight chain C7-C1g alkyl or alkenyl, more preferably straight chain C9-C17 alkyl or alkenyl, most preferably straight chain C11-C17 alkyl or alkenyl, or mixture thereof; and Z is a polyhydroxyhydrocarbyl moiety having a linear hydrocarbyl chain with at least 3 hydroxyls directly connected to the chain. See U.S. Pat. No. 5,174, 927 (Honsa), issued Dec. 29, 1992 (herein incorporated by reference) which discloses these polyhydroxy fatty acid amides, as well as their preparation.
  • The Z moiety preferably will be derived from a reducing sugar in a reductive amination reaction; most preferably glycityl. Suitable reducing sugars include glucose, fructose, maltose, lactose, galactose, mannose, and xylose. High dextrose corn syrup, high fructose corn syrup, and high maltose corn syrup can be utilized, as well as the individual sugars listed above. These corn syrups can yield mixtures of sugar components for the Z moiety.
  • The Z moiety preferably will be selected from the group consisting of —CH2—(CHOH)n—CH2OH, —CH(CH2OH)—[(CHOH)n−1]—CH2OH, —CH2OH—CH2—(CHOH)2(CHOR3 )(CHOH)—CH2OH, where n is an integer from 3 to 5, and R3 is H or a cyclic or aliphatic monosaccharide. Most preferred are the glycityls where n is 4, particularly —CH2—(CHOH)4—CH2OH.
  • In the above formula, R1 can be, for example, N-methyl, N-ethyl, N-propyl, N-isopropyl, N-butyl, N-2-hydroxyethyl, N-methoxypropyl or N-2-hydroxypropyl. R2 can be selected to provide, for example, cocamides, stearamides, oleamides, lauramides, myristamides, capricamides, palmitamides, tallowamides, etc. The Z moiety can be 1-deoxyglucityl, 2-deoxyfructityl, 1-deoxymaltityl, 1-deoxylactityl, 1-deoxygalactityl, 1-deoxymannityl, 1-deoxymaltotriotityl, etc.
  • The most preferred polyhydroxy fatty acid amides have the general formula:
  • Figure US20080249491A1-20081009-C00004
  • wherein R1 is methyl or methoxypropyl; R2 is a C11-C17 straight-chain alkyl or alkenyl group. These include N-lauryl-N-methyl glucamide, N-lauryl-N-methoxypropyl glucamide, N-cocoyl-N-methyl glucamide, N-cocoyl-N-methoxypropyl glucamide, N-palmityl-N-methoxypropyl glucamide, N-tallowyl-N-methyl glucamide, or N-tallowyl-N-methoxypropyl glucamide.
  • As previously noted, some of the immobilizing agents may require an emulsifier for solubilization in the emollient. This is particularly the case for certain of the glucamides such as the N-alkyl-N-methoxypropyl glucamides having HLB values of at least about 7. Suitable emulsifiers will typically include those having HLB values below about 7. In this regard, the sorbitan esters previously described, such as the sorbitan stearates, having HLB values of about 4.9 or less have been found useful in solubilizing these glucamide immobilizing agents in petrolatum. Other suitable emulsifiers include steareth-2 (polyethylene glycol ethers of stearyl alcohol that conform to the formula CH3(CH2)17(OCH2CH2)nOH, where n has an average value of 2), sorbitan tristearate, isosorbide laurate, and glyceryl monostearate. The emulsifier can be included in an amount sufficient to solubilize the immobilizing agent in the emollient such that a substantially homogeneous mixture is obtained. For example, an approximately 1:1 mixture of N-cocoyl-N-methyl glucamide and petrolatum that will normally not melt into a single phase mixture, will melt into a single phase mixture upon the addition of 20% of a 1:1 mixture of Steareth-2 and sorbitan tristearate as the emulsifier.
  • Other types of ingredients that can be used as immobilizing agents, either alone, or in combination with the above-mentioned immobilizing agents, include waxes such as carnauba, ozokerite, beeswax, candelilla, paraffin, ceresin, esparto, ouricuri, rezowax, isoparaffin, and other known mined and mineral waxes. The high melt point of these materials can help immobilize the composition on the desired surface or location on the cuff. Additionally microcrystalline waxes are effective immobilizing agents. Microcrystalline waxes can aid in “locking” up low molecular weight hydrocarbons within the skin care composition. Preferably the wax is a paraffin wax. An example of a particularly preferred alternate immobilizing agent is a paraffin wax such as Parrafin S.P. 434 from Strahl and Pitsch Inc. P.O. Box 1098 West Babylon, N.Y. 11704.
  • The amount of the optional immobilizing agent that can be included in the composition will depend on a variety of factors, including the actives (e.g., emollients) involved, the particular immobilizing agent involved, if any, the other components in the composition, whether an emulsifier is required to solubilize the immobilizing agent in the other components, and like factors. When present, the composition will typically comprise from about 5 to about 90% of the immobilizing agent. Preferably, the composition will comprise from about 5 to about 50%, most preferably from about 10 to about 40%, of the immobilizing agent.
  • Compositions can comprise other components typically present in emulsions, creams, ointment, lotions, powders, suspensions, etc. of this type. These components include water, viscosity modifiers, perfumes, disinfectant antibacterial actives, antiviral agents, vitamins, pharmaceutical actives, film formers, aloe vera, deodorants, opacifiers, astringents, solvents, preservatives, and the like. In addition, stabilizers can be added to enhance the shelf life of the composition such as cellulose derivatives, proteins and lecithin. All of these materials are well known in the art as additives for such formulations and can be employed in appropriate amounts in the compositions for use herein.
  • If water-based skin care compositions are used, a preservative will be needed. Suitable preservatives include propyl paraben, methyl paraben, benzyl alcohol, benzylkonnium, tribasic calcium phosphate, BHT, or acids such as citric, tartaric, maleic, lactic, malic, benzoic, salicylic, and the like. Suitable viscosity increasing agents include some of the agents described as effective immobilizing agents. Other suitable viscosity increasing agents include alkyl galactomannan, silica, talc, magnesium silicate, sorbitol, colloidal silicone dioxide, magnesium aluminum silicate, zinc stearate, wool wax alcohol, sorbiton, sesquioleate, cetyl hydroxy ethyl cellulose and other modified celluloses. Suitable solvents include propylene glycol, glycerine, cyclomethicone, polyethylene glycols, hexalene glycol, diol and multi-hydroxy based solvents. Suitable vitamins include A, D-3, E, B-5 and E acetate.
  • C. Application of Skin Care Composition To Cuffs (Or Other Webs)
  • In preparing treated cuff products according to the present invention, the skin care composition is preferably applied to the body surface (i.e., wearer-contacting surface) of the cuff. However, since certain skin care compositions disclosed herein can penetrate or migrate through some of the cuff materials disclosed herein, the skin care composition may alternatively be applied to the garment surface of the cuff such that an effective amount of the skin care composition is disposed on the body surface. In fact, in some circumstances, this may be a preferred approach to achieve the benefits of a fully treated cuff (i.e., both sides are treated) though application is to one surface only.
  • Any of a variety of application methods that distribute lubricious materials having a molten or liquid consistency can be used to apply the skin care composition to the cuffs. Suitable application methods include coating (e.g., gravure or slot coating), spraying, printing (e.g., flexographic printing), extruding, or combinations of these or other application techniques (e.g. spraying the skin care composition on a rotating surface, such as a calendar roll, that then transfers via contact coating the skin care composition to the body surface of the diaper cuffs). If desired, the skin care composition can also be applied to both sides of the cuffs.
  • The manner of applying the skin care composition to the cuffs should be such that the cuffs do not become over saturated with the skin care composition. If the cuffs are treated with excessive amounts of the skin care composition, there is a greater potential for the skin care composition to migrate to undesired locations of the article, for example, into the interior of the article where it can have a detrimental effect on the absorbency of the underlying absorbent core. Also, saturation of the cuffs is not required to obtain the therapeutic and/or protective skin care composition benefits.
  • The minimum level of skin care composition to be applied to the cuff is the smallest amount effective in reducing erythema, diaper rash, red marking, skin irritation or other adverse skin conditions. (The compositions can also be effective in reducing the adherence of BM to the skin of the wearer.) Of course, the effective amount of a skin care composition will depend, to a large extent, on the particular skin care composition used. Because the emollient is substantially immobilized on the body surface of the cuff, less skin care composition is needed to impart the desired skin care benefits. Such relatively low levels of skin care composition are adequate to impart the desired therapeutic and/or protective skin care composition benefits to the cuff.
  • The skin care composition may be applied evenly and uniformly onto either or both surfaces of the cuff or portions thereof. The skin care composition may also be applied in a pattern (i.e., stripes, boxes, dots, spirals, etc.). Preferably, the skin care composition is registered with the region of the cuff that will, in use, be most in contact with the wearer. Most preferably, as described in the Examples hereinafter, the skin care composition is applied in a stripe to a discrete portion of the cuff, e.g., a 1.4 inch wide (diaper lateral direction, such that the distal edge of the cuff is covered) and 11.75 inch long (diaper longitudinal direction) patch generally disposed in the crotch portion of the body surface of the cuff.
  • The skin care composition can also be applied nonuniformly to either or both surfaces of the cuff. By “nonuniform”, it is meant that the amount, pattern of distribution, etc., of the skin care composition can vary over the cuff surface. For example, some portions of the treated surface of the cuff can have greater or lesser amounts of skin care composition, including portions of the surface that do not have any skin care composition on it.
  • The skin care composition can be applied to the cuff or a web that forms a portion of the cuff at any point during assembly. For example, the skin care composition can be applied to the cuff of the finished product before it has been packaged. The skin care composition can also be applied to the cuff or the web before it is combined with the other raw materials to form a finished product, either at the converting site prior to combination with other article components or as a pretreated stock material.
  • The skin care composition is typically applied from a melt thereof to the cuff. Since the skin care composition melts at significantly above ambient temperatures, it is usually applied as a heated coating to the cuff. Typically, the skin care composition is heated to a temperature in the range from about 35° to about 100° C., preferably from 40° to about 90° C., prior to being applied to the cuff. Once the melted skin care composition has been applied to the cuff, it is allowed to cool and solidify to form a solidified coating or film disposed on the surface of the cuff. Preferably, the application process is designed to aid in the cooling/set up of the composition.
  • In applying skin care compositions of the present invention to cuffs, slot coating, extrusion coating, gravure coating, and spraying methods are preferred. FIG. 5 illustrates a preferred method involving continuous or intermittent contact slot coating of the skin care composition on to a diaper barrier cuff during the converting operation. Referring to FIG. 5, conveyor belt 1 advances in the direction shown by the arrows on turning rolls 3 and 4 and becomes returning conveyor belt 2. Conveyor belt 1 carries nonlotioned diaper 5 to contact slot coating station 6 where the barrier cuff member 7 is coated with a hot, molten (e.g., 65° C.) skin care composition. After leaving slot coating station 6, the diaper 5 becomes diaper 8 having treated barrier cuffs. The amount of skin care composition transferred to barrier cuff member 7 is controlled by: (1) the rate at which the molten skin care composition is applied from contact slot coating station 6; and/or (2) the speed at which conveyor belt 1 travels under slot coating station 6; and/or (3) positioning of the contact slot coating station. (If desired, the coating station may be positioned so as to coat the barrier cuff member 7 as well as portions of the topsheet 38 such that both the cuff and the topsheet have a skin care composition disposed thereon.) FIG. 6 illustrates an alternate preferred method involving contact slot coating of the skin care composition on the diaper barrier cuffs before the cuffs are assembled with the other raw materials into a finished product. Referring to FIG. 6, a nonwoven barrier cuff web 1 is unwound from parent barrier cuff roll 2 (rotating in the direction indicated by arrow 2 a) and advanced to the contact slot coating station 6 where one side of the web is coated with a hot, molten (e.g., 65° C.) skin care composition. After leaving slot coating station 6, nonwoven barrier cuff web 1 becomes a treated barrier cuff web indicated by 3. Treated barrier cuff web 3 is then advanced around turning roll 4 and turning roll 8, and then wound up on parent roll 10 (rotating in the direction indicated by arrow 10 a). The treated web is then applied to the chassis of the diaper to form the barrier cuff member of the barrier cuff during the converting operation.
  • D. Skin Care Composition on Topsheet and Cuffs
  • As shown in FIG. 7, a first skin care composition may be disposed on the topsheet while a second skin care composition may be disposed on one or more of the cuffs. It has been found that the addition of a skin care composition to both the topsheet and the cuffs performs more effectively than either alone. The combination of a treated topsheet and treated cuffs provides a greater skin area to which the skin care composition may be transferred. With a larger area of the skin having the skin care composition transferred thereto, the better the likelihood that all parts of the wearer's skin will be maintained in a healthier state.
  • As discussed above, the first skin care composition and the second skin care composition can be the same formulation. However, it has been found that if the first skin care composition is different than the second skin care composition, then the diaper can be designed to deliver specific skin care benefits to specific portions of the skin of the wearer. For example, since the topsheet is typically in contact with the genitals and buttocks of the wearer during use, a first skin care composition specifically formulated to, for example, provide diaper rash prevention and/or treatment can be disposed on the topsheet. Since the cuffs tend to come in contact with the waist and legs of the wearer, the second skin care composition can be specifically formulated to, for example, provide reduced friction/red marking benefits. Thus, a specific portion of the diaper may have a specifically formulated skin care composition to target a specific area of the skin of the wearer for a skin care treatment or maintenance. This allows great flexibility in the design of the diapers and the ability of the manufacturer to provide specially designed products for a number of different consumer needs.
  • Another variation in the formulations of the skin care composition can result from the function of the elements on which the skin care composition is disposed. For example, the cuffs are typically designed to contain and restrain urine and runny BM within the diaper. It may be desired that the cuffs be hydrophobic, more particularly liquid impermeable, to prevent liquids from getting through the materials. If the skin care composition is also hydrophobic it can assist the cuff in resisting the passage of liquid through the cuff. In contrast, the topsheet needs to be highly liquid pervious to allow urine or menses to rapidly penetrate through the topsheet to the absorbent core. Placement of a hydrophobic skin care composition on the topsheet may degrade the performance of the topsheet. It may be more desirable to dispose a hydrophilic skin care composition on the topsheet to maintain the performance of the topsheet. Therefore, in some embodiments, it may be desirable that at least a portion of the skin care composition disposed on the topsheet be made of a hydrophilic material to promote rapid transfer of liquids (e.g., urine) through the topsheet. Similarly, it may be desirable that the skin care composition be sufficiently wettable to ensure that liquids will transfer through the topsheet rapidly. Alternatively, a hydrophobic skin care composition may be utilized, so long as they are applied such that the fluid handling properties of the topsheet are adequately maintained. For example, nonuniform application of the composition to the topsheet is one means to accomplish this goal. An example of nonuniform application is disclosed in U.S. patent application Ser. No. 08/908,852, (P&G Case 5494CR) “Diaper Having A Lotioned Topsheet”, Roe, et al. filed on Aug. 8, 1997, which is incorporated herein by reference.
  • Where a hydrophilic composition is desired, depending upon the particular components used in the composition, a hydrophilic surfactant (or a mixture of hydrophilic surfactants) may, or may not, be required to improve wettability. For example, some immobilizing agents, such as N-cocoyl-N-methoxypropyl glucamide have HLB values of at least about 7 and are sufficiently wettable without the addition of hydrophilic surfactant. Other immobilizing agents such as the C16-C18 fatty alcohols having HLB values below about 7 may require addition of hydrophilic surfactant to improve wettability when the composition is applied to the topsheet. Similarly, a hydrophobic emollient such as petrolatum may require the addition of a hydrophilic surfactant if hydrophilic composition is desired. Of course, the concern around wettability is not a factor when the wearer-contacting surface under consideration is desired to be hydrophobic or when fluid handling properties of the material is adequately maintained via other means (e.g., nonuniform application).
  • Suitable hydrophilic surfactants will preferably be miscible with the other components of the skin care composition so as to form blended mixtures. Because of possible skin sensitivity of those using disposable absorbent products to which the composition is applied, these surfactants should also be relatively mild and non-irritating to the skin. Typically, these hydrophilic surfactants are nonionic to be not only non-irritating to the skin, but also to avoid other undesirable effects on any other structures within the treated diaper. For example, reductions in tissue laminate tensile strength, adhesive bond sufficiencies, and the like.
  • Suitable nonionic surfactants may be substantially nonmigratory after the composition is applied to the topsheet and will typically have HLB values in the range of from about 4 to about 20, preferably from about 7 to about 20. To be nonmigratory, these nonionic surfactants will typically have melt temperatures greater than the temperatures commonly encountered during storage, shipping, merchandising, and use of disposable absorbent products, e.g., at least about 30° C. In this regard, these nonionic surfactants will preferably have melting points similar to those of the immobilizing agents previously described.
  • Suitable nonionic surfactants for use in compositions that will be applied to the topsheet include alkylglycosides; alkylglycoside ethers as described in U.S. Pat. No. 4,011,389 (Langdon, et al), issued Mar. 8, 1977, which is incorporated by reference; alkylpolyethoxylated esters such as Pegosperse 1000 MS (available from Lonza, Inc., Fair Lawn, N.J.), ethoxylated sorbitan mono-, di- and/or tri-esters of C12-C18 fatty acids having an average degree of ethoxylation of from about 2 to about 20, preferably from about 2 to about 10, such as TWEEN 60 (sorbitan esters of stearic acid having an average degree of ethoxylation of about 20) and TWEEN 61 (sorbitan esters of stearic acid having an average degree of ethoxylation of about 4), and the condensation products of aliphatic alcohols with from about 1 to about 54 moles of ethylene oxide. The alkyl chain of the aliphatic alcohol is typically in a straight chain (linear) configuration and contains from about 8 to about 22 carbon atoms. Particularly preferred are the condensation products of alcohols having an alkyl group containing from about 11 to about 22 carbon atoms with from about 2 to about 30 moles of ethylene oxide per mole of alcohol. Examples of such ethoxylated alcohols include the condensation products of myristyl alcohol with 7 moles of ethylene oxide per mole of alcohol, the condensation products of coconut alcohol (a mixture of fatty alcohols having alkyl chains varying in length from 10 to 14 carbon atoms) with about 6 moles of ethylene oxide. A number of suitable ethoxylated alcohols are commercially available, including TERGITOL 15-S-9 (the condensation product of C11-C15 linear alcohols with 9 moles of ethylene oxide), marketed by Union Carbide Corporation; KYRO EOB (condensation product of C13-C15 linear alcohols with 9 moles of ethylene oxide), marketed by The Procter & Gamble Co., the NEODOL brand name surfactants marketed by Shell Chemical Co., in particular NEODOL 25-12 (condensation product of C12-C15 linear alcohols with 12 moles of ethylene oxide) and NEODOL 23-6.5T (condensation product of C12-C13 linear alcohols with 6.5 moles of ethylene oxide that has been distilled (topped) to remove certain impurities), and especially the PLURAFAC brand name surfactants marketed by BASF Corp., in particular PLURAFAC A-38 (a condensation product of a C18 straight chain alcohol with 27 moles of ethylene oxide). (Certain of the hydrophilic surfactants, in particular ethoxylated alcohols such as NEODOL 25-12, can also function as alkyl ethoxylate emollients). Other examples of preferred ethoxylated alcohol surfactants include ICI's class of Brij surfactants and mixtures thereof, with Brij 72 (i.e., Steareth-2) and Brij 76 (i.e., Steareth-10) being especially preferred. Also, mixtures of cetyl alcohol and stearyl alcohol ethoxylated to an average degree of ethoxylation of from about 10 to about 20 may also be used as the hydrophilic surfactant.
  • Another type of suitable surfactant for use in the composition includes Aerosol OT, a dioctyl ester of sodium sulfosuccinic acid marketed by American Cyanamid Company.
  • Still another type of suitable surfactant for use in the composition includes silicone copolymers such as General Electric SF 1188 (a copolymer of a polydimethylsiloxane and a polyoxyalkylene ether) and General Electric SF 1228 (a silicone polyether copolymer). These silicone surfactants can be used in combination with the other types of hydrophilic surfactants discussed above, such as the ethoxylated alcohols. These silicone surfactants have been found to be effective at concentrations as low as 0.1%, more preferably from about 0.25 to about 1.0%, by weight of the composition.
  • Where a hydrophilic composition is desired, the amount of hydrophilic surfactant required to increase the wettability of the composition to a desired level will depend in-part upon the HLB value and level of immobilizing agent, if any, used, the HLB value of the surfactant used and like factors. The composition can comprise from about 0.1 to about 50% of the hydrophilic surfactant when needed to increase the wettability properties of the composition. Preferably, the composition comprises from about 1 to about 25%, most preferably from about 10 to about 20%, of the hydrophilic surfactant when needed to increase wettability.
  • Applicants have discovered that maintaining or improving healthy skin under absorbent articles can be accomplished with repeated use, over a period of time (e.g., several days), of absorbent articles that are treated with two or more skin care compositions that are transferred to the wearer under normal usage conditions (e.g., contact, movement, handling by the caregiver after application of the article, body heat, etc.) such as the absorbent articles described herein. In this regard, a method for maintaining or improving skin health in the area covered by an absorbent article, comprises the steps of:
  • (a) applying to the wearer an absorbent article having a first skin care composition that provides a therapeutic and/or protective skin benefit upon transfer to the skin and a second skin care composition that provides a second skin benefit upon transfer to the skin;
  • (b) transferring to the wearer at least a portion of the first skin care composition and the second skin care composition during wear; and
  • (c) repeating steps (a) and (b) with one or more additional articles with sufficient frequency to maintain or improve the health of the skin covered by the absorbent article relative to the skin covered by an equivalent absorbent article that does not comprise the first skin care composition and the second skin care composition, and without the need for manual application of skin protective agents (e.g., by the caregiver or wearer).
  • A key to this method is the use of an absorbent article having two or more skin care compositions and frequent cycles of cumulative delivery of a first skin care composition and a second skin care composition to the wearer's skin to maintain or improve skin health. Applicants have further discovered that delivery of relatively low levels of the compositions with each article wear are sufficient to obtain the skin benefits resulting from this novel method of cumulative delivery.
  • The article used in the present methods provides an available source from which the skin care compositions transfer onto the skin continuously over time. As the compositions are transferred, they accumulate on the skin surface to initiate and maintain protective activity. As a used article is discarded and replaced by a new one, this cycle is repeated for further composition accumulation above and beyond what a single or original article would have delivered on its own. Certain of the ingredients for use in preferred skin care compositions are known to penetrate the stratum comeum (e.g., petrolatum, which is preferred for use herein). Thus, even as some amount of the compositions are removed by cleaning, bathing, etc., or even if usage of treated articles as described herein is discontinued temporarily, some of the benefits of the skin compositions will remain with the user. As usage of treated articles is resumed before all of the benefits of the composition have dissipated, the user will derive benefits, in terms of reduced erythema and/or rash, more rapidly than would a user who has not used treated articles.
  • As indicated above, it is generally recognized that skin under absorbent articles is more susceptible to degradation of that skin's condition. Typically, cutaneous manifestations of these skin conditions include redness (also referred to as erythema) and/or rash. As such, Applicants describe herein a method for maintaining or improving skin health in regions covered by an absorbent article, wherein the desired endpoint of the method is the reduction or avoidance of erythema and/or rash when compared to skin covered by an equivalent absorbent article that does not comprise the skin care compositions.
  • SPECIFIC ILLUSTRATIONS OF THE PREPARATION OF TREATED DIAPER CUFFS AND TOPSHEETS ACCORDING TO THE PRESENT INVENTION
  • The following are specific illustrations of treating cuffs and/or topsheets or webs with skin care compositions in accordance with the present invention:
  • EXAMPLE 1 A. Preparation of Skin Care Composition
  • A skin care composition (Composition A) is made by mixing the following melted (i.e., liquid) components together: Petrolatum (available from Witco Corp., Greenwich, Conn. as Perfecta®) Stearyl Alcohol (available from The Procter & Gamble Company, Cincinnati, Ohio as C01897) and aloe extract (available from Madis Botanicals, Inc., South Hackensack, N.J. as Veragel Lipoid in Kaydol). The weight percentages of these components are shown in Table 1 below:
  • TABLE I
    Component Weight %
    Petrolatum 58
    Stearyl Alcohol 41
    Aloe 1
  • B. Preparation of Treated Diaper Leg Cuff by Hot Melt Coating
  • Skin care composition A is placed into a heated tank operating at a temperature of 170° F. The composition is subsequently applied with a contact applicator (i.e., a Meltex EP45 hot melt adhesive applicator head operating at a temperature of 170° F.) directly onto the body surface of the barrier cuffs of a diaper in a 1.4 inch wide (diaper lateral direction, such that the distal edge of the barrier cuff is covered) and 11.75 inch long (diaper longitudinal direction) area, the patch centered in the chassis in the longitudinal direction such that one or both ends of each spacing elastic member is covered by the skin care composition. Add-on level=0.0116 g/in2 (18.0 g/m2). The spacing elastic members is operatively joined to the barrier cuff member by a specially formulated adhesive to avoid creep such as Findley H9254 as discussed previously herein.
  • EXAMPLE 2
  • The skin care composition A (prepared in accordance with the procedure in Example 1) is subsequently applied onto the body surface of the barrier cuffs of a diaper in a 1.4 inch wide (diaper lateral direction, such that the distal edge of the barrier cuff is covered) stripe on of each barrier cuff and extending the entire length of the barrier cuff. Add-on level=0.0116 g/in2 (18 g/m2).
  • EXAMPLE 3
  • The skin care composition A (prepared in accordance with the procedure in Example 1) is subsequently applied onto the body surface of the barrier cuffs of a diaper in a 1.4 inch wide (diaper lateral direction, such that the distal edge of the barrier cuff is covered) stripe on each barrier cuff and 8 inch long (diaper longitudinal direction) area, the patch centered in the contracted area of the barrier cuff such that each of the ends of the spacing elastic members is not covered by the skin care composition. Add-on level=0.0077 g/in2 (12.0 g/m2).
  • EXAMPLE 4 A. Preparation of Skin Care Composition
  • A water free skin care composition (Skin care composition B) is made by mixing the following melted (i.e., liquid) components together: Mineral Oil (Carnation White Mineral Oil, USP made by Witco Corp.); and Cetearyl Alcohol (a mixed linear C16-C18 primary alcohol made by The Procter & Gamble Company under the name TA-1618). The weight percentages of these components are shown in Table II below:
  • TABLE II
    Component Weight %
    Mineral Oil 65
    Cetearyl Alcohol 35
  • B. Preparation of Treated Leg Cuffs by Hot Melt Coating
  • Skin care composition B is placed into a heated tank operating at a temperature of 170° F. The composition is subsequently applied with a contact applicator (i.e., a Meltex EP45 hot melt adhesive applicator head operating at a temperature of 170° F.) onto the barrier cuffs of a diaper in a 1.4 inch wide (diaper lateral direction, such that the distal edge of the barrier cuff is covered) and 11.75 inch long (diaper longitudinal direction) area, the patch centered in the contracted area of the barrier cuff such that one or both ends of each spacing elastic member is covered by the skin care composition. Add-on level=0.0116 g/in2 (18.0 g/m2).
  • EXAMPLE 5 A. Preparation of Skin Care Composition
  • A water free skin care composition (Skin care composition C) is made by mixing the following melted (i.e., liquid) components together: Mineral Oil (Carnation White Mineral Oil, USP made by Witco Corp.); Cetearyl Alcohol (a mixed linear C16-C18 primary alcohol made by The Procter & Gamble Company under the name TA-1618); and Cetereath 10 (a C16-C18 linear alcohol ethoxylate having an average degree of ethoxylation of 10, made by ICI America). The weight percentages of these components are shown in Table III below:
  • TABLE III
    Component Weight %
    Mineral Oil 50
    Cetearyl Alcohol 35
    Ceteareth 10 15
  • B. Preparation of Treated Diaper by Hot Melt Coating
  • Skin care composition C is placed into a heated tank operating at a temperature of 170° F. The composition is subsequently applied with a contact applicator (i.e., a Meltex EP45 hot melt adhesive applicator head operating at a temperature of 170° F.) onto the barrier cuffs of a diaper in a 1.4 inch wide (diaper lateral direction, such that the distal edge of the barrier cuff is covered) and 11.75 inch long (diaper longitudinal direction) area, the patch centered in the contracted area of the barrier cuff such that one or both ends of each spacing elastic member is covered by the skin care composition. Add-on level=0.0116 g/in2 (18.0 g/m2).
  • EXAMPLE 6 A. Preparation of Skin Care Composition
  • A water free skin care composition (Skin care composition D) is made by mixing the following melted (i.e., liquid) components together: Petrolatum (available from Witco Corp. as Perfecta®); Cetearyl Alcohol (a mixed linear C16-C18 primary alcohol made by The Procter & Gamble Company under the name TA-1618); Ceteareth 10 a C16-C18 linear alcohol ethoxylate having an average degree of ethoxylation of 10, made by ICI America; and Veragel 1:1 Lipoid with Kaydol (aloe extract in mineral oil made by Dr. Madis Laboratories, Inc.). The weight percentages of these components are shown in Table IV below:
  • TABLE IV
    Component Weight %
    Petrolatum 49
    Stearyl Alcohol 35
    Ceteareth 10 15
    Aloe 1
  • B. Preparation of Treated Diaper by Hot Melt Coating
  • Skin care composition D is placed into a heated tank operating at a temperature of 170° F.
  • The composition is subsequently applied with a contact applicator (i.e., a Meltex EP45 hot melt adhesive applicator head operating at a temperature of 170° F.) onto the barrier cuffs of a diaper in a 1.4 inch wide (diaper lateral direction, such that the distal edge of the barrier cuff is covered) and 11.75 inch long (diaper longitudinal direction) area, the patch centered in the contracted area of the barrier cuff such that one or both ends of each spacing elastic member is covered by the skin care composition. Add-on level=0.0116 g/in2 (18.0 g/m2).
  • EXAMPLE 7
  • Composition A (made according Example 1) is placed into a heated tank operating at a temperature of 170° F. The composition is subsequently applied with a contact applicator (using, for example, a Meltex EP45 hot melt adhesive applicator head having 5 slots and operating at a temperature of 170° F.) onto the topsheet of an article in a striped pattern where the stripes run in the article's longitudinal direction. Specifically, 5 stripes are applied, each stripe measuring 0.25 in. wide (i.e., in the articles lateral direction) and 11.75 in. long at an add-on level =7.7 mg/in2 (12 g/m2, 1.19 mg/cm2). The distance between the stripes is 0.31 in.
  • Skin care composition A is also subsequently applied onto the body surface of the barrier cuffs of an article in a 1.4 inch wide (lateral direction, such that the distal edge of the barrier cuff is covered) stripe on each barrier cuff and extending the entire length of the barrier cuff. Add-on level=0.0116 g/in2 (18 g/m2). Application is accomplished in the same manner as described in Example 1.
  • EXAMPLE 8
  • Composition D (made according Example 6) is placed into a heated tank operating at a temperature of 170° F. The composition is subsequently applied with a contact applicator (using, for example, a Meltex EP45 hot melt adhesive applicator head having a single slot and operating at a temperature of 170° F.) onto the topsheet of an article in generally uniform coating. Specifically, 1 stripe, measuring 2.5 in. wide (i.e., in the article's lateral direction) and 11.75 in. long, is applied at an add-on level =7.7 mg/in2 (12 g/m2, 1.19 mg/cm2). The stripe is applied so as to be centered on the article's longitudinal centerline.
  • Skin care composition A is subsequently applied onto the body surface of the barrier cuffs of the article in a 1.4 inch wide (lateral direction, such that the distal edge of the barrier cuff is covered) stripe on each barrier cuff and extending the entire length of the barrier cuff. Add-on level=0.0116 g/in2 (18 g/m2). Application is accomplished in the same manner as described in Example 1.
  • The dimensions and values disclosed herein are not to be understood as being strictly limited to the exact numerical values recited. Instead, unless otherwise specified, each such dimension is intended to mean both the recited value and a functionally equivalent range surrounding that value. For example, a dimension disclosed as “40 mm” is intended to mean “about 40 mm.
  • All documents cited in the Detailed Description of the invention are, in relevant part, incorporated herein by reference; the citation of any document is not to be construed as an admission that it is prior art with respect to the present invention.
  • While particular embodiments of the present invention have been illustrated and described, it would be obvious to those skilled in the art that various other changes and modifications can be made without departing from the spirit and the scope of the invention. It is therefore intended to cover in the appended claims all such changes and modifications that are within the scope of this invention.

Claims (19)

1. An absorbent article to be worn by a wearer adjacent the skin, the absorbent article comprising:
a chassis comprising:
an outer covering layer comprising:
a backsheet; and
a liquid pervious topsheet joined to said backsheet; and
an absorbent core positioned between said topsheet and said backsheet;
a cuff joined to said chassis, each said cuff having a first surface and a second surface disposed opposite said first surface, said cuff comprising a nonwoven consisting essentially of metallocene propylene spunbond fibers having a denier less than about 1.3 and wherein said nonwoven has a hydrostatic head of at least about 85 mm.
2. The absorbent article of claim 1 wherein said nonwoven consists of spunbond fibers.
3. The absorbent article of claim 2 wherein said nonwoven has a basis weight of less than about 17 gsm.
4. The absorbent article of claim 1 wherein said nonwoven comprises less than about 10% by weight meltblown fibers and said nonwoven has a hydrohead of at least about 85 mm.
5. The absorbent article of claim 4 wherein said nonwoven comprises less than about 8% by weight meltblown fibers.
6. The absorbent article of claim 1 wherein said cuff further comprises an effective amount of a skin care composition disposed on said nonwoven said skin care composition being semi-solid or solid at 20° C. and at least partially transferable to a wearer's skin.
7. The absorbent article of claim 6 wherein the quantity of said skin care composition on said nonwoven ranges from about 0.05 mg/in2 to about 80 mg/in2.
8. The absorbent article of claim 6 wherein said skin care composition comprises:
(i) from about 10% to about 95% of an emollient having a plastic or fluid consistency at 20° C.; and
(ii) from about 5% to about 90% of an agent capable of immobilizing said emollient on said nonwoven.
9. The absorbent article of claim 8 wherein said emollient comprises a member selected from the group consisting of petroleum-based emollients, fatty acid ester emollients, polysiloxane emollients, sucrose ester fatty acids, alkyl ethoxylates emollients and mixtures thereof.
10. The absorbent article of claim 8 wherein said immobilizing agent is selected from the group consisting of polyhydroxy fatty acid esters, polyhydroxy fatty acid amides, C14-C22 fatty alcohols, C12-C22 fatty acids, C12-C22 fatty alcohol ethoxylates, and mixtures thereof.
11. The absorbent article of claim 6 wherein said skin care composition further comprises aloe extract.
12. The absorbent article of claim 6 wherein said skin care composition is disposed on said first surface.
13. The absorbent article of claim 12 wherein said first surface of said cuff contacts the wearer's skin during use so as to form a body surface.
14. The absorbent article of claim 12 wherein said first surface comprises the surface facing away from the wearer during use so as to form a garment surface.
15. The absorbent article of claim 12 wherein said skin care composition is capable of being transferred from said first surface to said second surface.
16. The absorbent article of claim 1 wherein said cuff comprises a gasketting cuff comprising a side flap formed from a portion of said topsheet and an elastic member operatively joined to said side flap.
17. The absorbent article of claim 1 wherein said cuff comprises a barrier cuff that is formed unitarily with said topsheet.
18. An absorbent article to be worn by a wearer adjacent the skin, the absorbent article comprising:
a chassis having edges, said chassis comprising:
an outer covering layer; and
an absorbent core encased in said outer covering layer;
a barrier cuff joined to said chassis, said barrier cuff comprising a separate barrier cuff member having a proximal edge and a distal edge in spaced relation to said proximal edge, said proximal edge being joined to said outer covering layer, a portion of said distal edge not being secured to the absorbent article, and a spacing elastic element operatively associated with said distal edge for allowing said barrier cuff member to stand upwardly away from said outer covering layer, said barrier cuff member comprising a nonwoven consisting essentially of metallocene polypropylene spunbond fibers having a denier less than about 1.3 and wherein said nonwoven has a hydrostatic head of at least about 85 mm.
19. An absorbent article to be worn by a wearer adjacent the skin, the absorbent article comprising:
a chassis having edges, said chassis comprising:
an outer covering layer; and
an absorbent core encased in said outer covering layer;
a barrier cuff joined to said chassis, said barrier cuff comprising a separate barrier cuff member having a proximal edge and a distal edge in spaced relation to said proximal edge, said proximal edge being joined to said outer covering layer, a portion of said distal edge not being secured to the absorbent article, and a spacing elastic element operatively associated with said distal edge for allowing said barrier cuff member to stand upwardly away from said outer covering layer, said barrier cuff comprising a nonwoven consisting essentially of metallocene polypropylene spunbond fibers having a denier less than about 1.3 and wherein said nonwoven has a hydrostatic head of at least about 85 mm; and
an effective amount of a skin care composition disposed on said barrier cuff member, said skin care composition being semi-solid or solid at 20° C. and at least partially transferable to a wearer's skin.
US11/821,612 1994-11-28 2007-06-25 Absorbent articles having cuffs with skin care composition disposed thereon Abandoned US20080249491A1 (en)

Priority Applications (6)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US08/345,159 US5643588A (en) 1994-11-28 1994-11-28 Diaper having a lotioned topsheet
US08/766,386 US6156024A (en) 1996-12-03 1996-12-03 Absorbent articles having lotioned leg cuffs
US08/884,069 US6118041A (en) 1994-11-28 1997-06-27 Diaper having a lotioned topsheet
US08/962,310 US6166285A (en) 1994-11-28 1997-10-31 Absorbent articles having cuffs with skin care composition disposed thereon
US39884299A true 1999-09-17 1999-09-17
US11/821,612 US20080249491A1 (en) 1994-11-28 2007-06-25 Absorbent articles having cuffs with skin care composition disposed thereon

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US11/821,612 US20080249491A1 (en) 1994-11-28 2007-06-25 Absorbent articles having cuffs with skin care composition disposed thereon

Related Parent Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
US39884299A Continuation 1999-09-17 1999-09-17

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
US20080249491A1 true US20080249491A1 (en) 2008-10-09

Family

ID=23353799

Family Applications (7)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
US08/345,159 Expired - Lifetime US5643588A (en) 1994-11-28 1994-11-28 Diaper having a lotioned topsheet
US08/884,575 Expired - Lifetime US5968025A (en) 1994-11-28 1997-06-27 Absorbent article having a lotioned topsheet
US08/884,069 Expired - Lifetime US6118041A (en) 1994-11-28 1997-06-27 Diaper having a lotioned topsheet
US09/339,144 Expired - Fee Related US6586652B1 (en) 1993-12-13 1999-06-24 Absorbent article having a lotioned topsheet
US09/358,007 Expired - Fee Related US6627787B1 (en) 1994-11-28 1999-07-20 Diaper having a lotioned topsheet
US10/386,959 Expired - Fee Related US6825393B2 (en) 1993-12-13 2003-03-12 Absorbent article having a lotioned topsheet
US11/821,612 Abandoned US20080249491A1 (en) 1994-11-28 2007-06-25 Absorbent articles having cuffs with skin care composition disposed thereon

Family Applications Before (6)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
US08/345,159 Expired - Lifetime US5643588A (en) 1994-11-28 1994-11-28 Diaper having a lotioned topsheet
US08/884,575 Expired - Lifetime US5968025A (en) 1994-11-28 1997-06-27 Absorbent article having a lotioned topsheet
US08/884,069 Expired - Lifetime US6118041A (en) 1994-11-28 1997-06-27 Diaper having a lotioned topsheet
US09/339,144 Expired - Fee Related US6586652B1 (en) 1993-12-13 1999-06-24 Absorbent article having a lotioned topsheet
US09/358,007 Expired - Fee Related US6627787B1 (en) 1994-11-28 1999-07-20 Diaper having a lotioned topsheet
US10/386,959 Expired - Fee Related US6825393B2 (en) 1993-12-13 2003-03-12 Absorbent article having a lotioned topsheet

Country Status (23)

Country Link
US (7) US5643588A (en)
EP (1) EP0794804B1 (en)
JP (7) JP3222470B2 (en)
CN (1) CN1127987C (en)
AR (1) AR000203A1 (en)
AU (1) AU4135496A (en)
BR (1) BR9509774A (en)
CA (1) CA2205027C (en)
CZ (1) CZ297874B6 (en)
DE (2) DE69524630D1 (en)
ES (1) ES2164783T3 (en)
FI (1) FI972237A0 (en)
HK (1) HK1005654A1 (en)
HU (1) HU226312B1 (en)
MX (1) MX9703881A (en)
MY (1) MY114905A (en)
NO (1) NO972394L (en)
PE (1) PE1897A1 (en)
SA (1) SA415B1 (en)
TR (1) TR199501494A2 (en)
TW (1) TW299226B (en)
WO (1) WO1996016682A1 (en)
ZA (1) ZA9510061B (en)

Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US20120310192A1 (en) * 2009-12-24 2012-12-06 Miou Suzuki Excretion detection device and absorbent article
US20120323194A1 (en) * 2010-01-19 2012-12-20 Miou Suzuki Excretion detection device and absorbent article
US8865965B2 (en) 2009-11-24 2014-10-21 Kao Corporation Absorbent article with high and low density portions and skin care agent thereon
EP3154496A4 (en) * 2014-06-10 2017-11-15 Sca Hygiene Products AB Absorbent product comprising a microbe-inhibiting composition
WO2018004406A1 (en) * 2016-06-28 2018-01-04 Sca Hygiene Products Ab Intimate skin conditioner veil comprising a nonwoven material

Families Citing this family (638)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
WO1994013257A1 (en) * 1992-12-16 1994-06-23 Creative Products Resource Associates, Ltd. Occlusive/semi-occlusive lotion for treatment of a skin disease or disorder
US5941864A (en) * 1993-08-17 1999-08-24 The Procter & Gamble Company Disposable absorbent article having improved fecal storage
MXPA99005171A (en) * 1996-12-03 2002-07-02 Procter & Gamble Absorbent articles having cuffs with skin care composition disposed thereon.
US6166285A (en) * 1994-11-28 2000-12-26 The Procter & Gamble Company Absorbent articles having cuffs with skin care composition disposed thereon
US6861571B1 (en) * 1994-11-28 2005-03-01 The Procter & Gamble Company Article having a lotioned topsheet
US6120488A (en) * 1994-11-28 2000-09-19 The Procter & Gamble Company Absorbent articles having cuffs and topsheet with skin care composition(s) disposed thereon
US5643588A (en) 1994-11-28 1997-07-01 The Procter & Gamble Company Diaper having a lotioned topsheet
US5609587A (en) * 1995-08-03 1997-03-11 The Procter & Gamble Company Diaper having a lotioned topsheet comprising a liquid polyol polyester emollient and an immobilizing agent
US5607760A (en) * 1995-08-03 1997-03-04 The Procter & Gamble Company Disposable absorbent article having a lotioned topsheet containing an emollient and a polyol polyester immobilizing agent
US5891126A (en) * 1996-08-30 1999-04-06 The Procter & Gamble Company Absorbent interlabial device treated with a polysiloxane emollient
US6409713B1 (en) * 1996-08-30 2002-06-25 The Procter & Gamble Company Emollient-treated absorbent interlabial application
US6296936B1 (en) * 1996-09-04 2001-10-02 Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc. Coform material having improved fluid handling and method for producing
US6060636A (en) 1996-09-04 2000-05-09 Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc. Treatment of materials to improve handling of viscoelastic fluids
US6156024A (en) * 1996-12-03 2000-12-05 The Procter & Gamble Company Absorbent articles having lotioned leg cuffs
US5871763A (en) * 1997-04-24 1999-02-16 Fort James Corporation Substrate treated with lotion
US5938649A (en) * 1997-05-09 1999-08-17 Drypers Corporation Absorbent articles with improved rash-preventing properties
US6355022B1 (en) 1998-05-01 2002-03-12 The Procter & Gamble Company Absorbent interlabial device with substance thereon for maintaining the device in position
US6803496B2 (en) 1997-09-10 2004-10-12 The Procter & Gamble Company Method for maintaining or improving skin health
US6710223B1 (en) 1997-09-10 2004-03-23 The Procter & Gamble Company Method for improving skin condition
US6107537A (en) * 1997-09-10 2000-08-22 The Procter & Gamble Company Disposable absorbent articles providing a skin condition benefit
US6617488B1 (en) 1997-10-14 2003-09-09 Indicator Technologies, Inc. Method and apparatus for indicating the conditions in an absorbent article
US6120783A (en) * 1997-10-31 2000-09-19 The Procter & Gamble Company Web materials with two or more skin care compositions disposed thereon and articles made therefrom
US6013063A (en) * 1997-11-14 2000-01-11 The Procter & Gamble Company Viscous fluid bodily waste management article
US6676646B2 (en) 1997-11-14 2004-01-13 The Procter & Gamble Company Zoned disposable absorbent article for urine and low-viscosity fecal material
US6186992B1 (en) 1997-11-14 2001-02-13 The Procter & Gamble Company Viscous fluid bodily waste management article
US7772455B1 (en) 1997-11-14 2010-08-10 The Procter & Gamble Company Disposable article providing improved management of bodily exudates
US5957906A (en) * 1997-11-14 1999-09-28 The Procter & Gamble Company Diaper with improved feces management properties
EP1032336B2 (en) * 1997-11-14 2010-04-14 THE PROCTER & GAMBLE COMPANY Disposable absorbent article with a skin care composition on an apertured topsheet
US5977430A (en) * 1997-11-14 1999-11-02 The Procter & Gamble Company Absorbent article with macro-particulate storage structure
TR200002332T2 (en) * 1997-11-14 2007-01-22 The Procter & Gamble Company And low viscosity urine and the disposable absorbent article used for feces and segmented
US6498284B1 (en) 1997-11-14 2002-12-24 The Procter & Gamble Company Disposable absorbent article with a skin care composition on an apertured top sheet
US6703537B1 (en) 1997-11-15 2004-03-09 The Procter & Gamble Company Absorbent article having improved fecal storage structure
US6156020A (en) * 1997-11-15 2000-12-05 The Procter & Gamble Company Absorbent article with micro-particulate storage member
DE59813164D1 (en) 1997-12-02 2005-12-08 Henkel Kgaa Adhesive and its use in composites
AT392906T (en) 1998-03-12 2008-05-15 Procter & Gamble An absorbent disposable articles with enzyme inhibitors containing toilet preparations
WO1999045976A1 (en) 1998-03-12 1999-09-16 The Procter & Gamble Company Proton donating actives in absorbent articles
US6703536B2 (en) 1998-03-12 2004-03-09 The Procter & Gamble Company Disposable absorbent article having a skin care composition containing an enzyme inhibitor
MXPA02005516A (en) * 1999-12-17 2002-09-02 Procter & Gamble Compositions for efficient release of active ingredients.
EP1061963B1 (en) * 1998-03-12 2003-05-07 THE PROCTER & GAMBLE COMPANY Protease inhibitors in absorbent articles
AU7261698A (en) * 1998-04-28 1999-11-16 Procter & Gamble Company, The Absorbent articles with distribution materials positioned underneath storage material
US6720471B1 (en) 1998-04-28 2004-04-13 The Procter & Gamble Company Absorbent articles having reduced rewet with distribution materials positioned underneath storage material
US6713661B1 (en) 1998-04-28 2004-03-30 The Procter & Gamble Company Absorbent articles providing improved fit when wet
US20030191442A1 (en) * 2000-08-11 2003-10-09 The Procter & Gamble Company Topsheet for contacting hydrous body tissues and absorbent device with such a topsheet
EP0970709A1 (en) * 1998-06-26 2000-01-12 THE PROCTER & GAMBLE COMPANY Hygienic article comprising oil resistant, hydrophilic adhesive
EP0966978A1 (en) * 1998-06-26 1999-12-29 THE PROCTER & GAMBLE COMPANY Hygienic article comprising oil resistant, hydrophilic adhesive
EP0966977A3 (en) * 1998-06-26 2000-05-24 THE PROCTER & GAMBLE COMPANY Hygienic article comprising hydrophilic adhesive having low surfactant release
EP0970710A1 (en) * 1998-06-26 2000-01-12 THE PROCTER & GAMBLE COMPANY Hygienic article comprising oil resistant, hydrophilic adhesive
WO2000000228A1 (en) * 1998-06-29 2000-01-06 The Procter & Gamble Company Absorbent article including a reducing agent for feces
US6395955B1 (en) 1998-06-29 2002-05-28 The Procter & Gamble Company Diaper including feces modification agent
AT372102T (en) 1998-06-29 2007-09-15 Procter & Gamble Disposable care articles with a reactive system
US6667424B1 (en) * 1998-10-02 2003-12-23 Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc. Absorbent articles with nits and free-flowing particles
US6686303B1 (en) * 1998-11-13 2004-02-03 Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc. Bicomponent nonwoven webs containing splittable thermoplastic filaments and a third component
US20010018579A1 (en) 1998-12-18 2001-08-30 Walter Klemp Disposable absorbent garment having stretchable side waist regions
US6353149B1 (en) 1999-04-08 2002-03-05 The Procter & Gamble Company Fast blooming surfactants for use in fluid transport webs
DE10016183A1 (en) 1999-04-13 2001-03-15 Henkel Kgaa Hot melt adhesive with low viscosity, is based on a solid hydrocarbon resin and an oil and optionally a thermoplastic elastomer
US6515029B1 (en) * 1999-04-23 2003-02-04 Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc. Absorbent article having a hydrophilic lotionized bodyside liner
US6149934A (en) * 1999-04-23 2000-11-21 Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc. Absorbent article having a lotionized bodyside liner
US6287581B1 (en) * 1999-04-23 2001-09-11 Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc. Absorbent articles providing skin health benefits
US6534074B2 (en) * 1999-08-24 2003-03-18 Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc. Absorbent articles providing skin health benefits
GB2349546A (en) * 1999-04-26 2000-11-01 Nokia Mobile Phones Ltd A terminal for providing an application using a browser
US6706946B1 (en) * 1999-05-14 2004-03-16 The Procter & Gamble Company Disposable absorbent article having hydrophobic topsheet and improved liquid handling performance
US7033340B1 (en) 1999-05-14 2006-04-25 The Procter & Gamble Company Disposable absorbent article having reduced impact on surface tension of acquired liquid
US6635801B1 (en) 1999-05-14 2003-10-21 The Procter & Gamble Company Disposable absorbent article combining low viscosity liquid handling and high viscosity liquid handling
EP1051958A1 (en) * 1999-05-14 2000-11-15 THE PROCTER & GAMBLE COMPANY Disposable absorbent article having hydrophobic topsheet and improved liquid handling performance
EP1051960A1 (en) * 1999-05-14 2000-11-15 THE PROCTER & GAMBLE COMPANY Disposable absorbent article combining low viscosity liquid handling and high viscosity liquid handling
EP1178845A1 (en) * 1999-05-19 2002-02-13 THE PROCTER & GAMBLE COMPANY Absorbent article with skin care composition
CA2373570C (en) * 1999-05-21 2007-02-06 The Procter & Gamble Company Absorbent article having a skin care composition
US6570054B1 (en) 1999-05-21 2003-05-27 The Procter & Gamble Company Absorbent article having a stable skin care composition
US20030077962A1 (en) * 1999-08-24 2003-04-24 Krzysik Duane Gerard Absorbent tissues providing skin barrier enhancement
US6475197B1 (en) 1999-08-24 2002-11-05 Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc. Absorbent articles having skin health benefits
US6300258B1 (en) 1999-08-27 2001-10-09 Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc. Nonwovens treated with surfactants having high polydispersities
US6733483B2 (en) 1999-09-21 2004-05-11 The Procter & Gamble Company Absorbent article having positioning indicia
US7061486B2 (en) 1999-09-24 2006-06-13 Sun Microsystems, Inc. Using messaging to manage scene-based rendering
US6153209A (en) * 1999-09-28 2000-11-28 The Procter & Gamble Company Article having a transferable breathable skin care composition thereon
CA2385507C (en) 1999-10-01 2006-12-12 The Procter & Gamble Company Absorbent article having barrier sheet against the migration of the skin care composition
US6786894B2 (en) 1999-11-29 2004-09-07 The Procter & Gamble Company Absorbent article having liquid handling member which collapses under high pressures
EP1104667A1 (en) 1999-11-29 2001-06-06 THE PROCTER & GAMBLE COMPANY Disposable absorbant article having fecal management layer
EP1104668A1 (en) 1999-12-01 2001-06-06 THE PROCTER & GAMBLE COMPANY Apertured elastic member
ES2267239T3 (en) * 1999-12-07 2007-03-01 Georgia-Pacific France Product such as a tampon for removing makeup comprising an outer face intended to apply a water-based products to the skin.
US6960702B1 (en) 1999-12-09 2005-11-01 The Procter & Gamble Company Disposable absorbent article employing odor reduction layer containing metalphthalocyanine material
AU2171400A (en) * 1999-12-09 2001-06-18 Procter & Gamble Company, The Disposable absorbent article employing odor reduction layer containing metalphthalocyanine material
WO2001045613A1 (en) * 1999-12-21 2001-06-28 The Procter & Gamble Company Disposable article comprising an apertured laminate web
BR0016327A (en) * 1999-12-21 2002-08-27 Procter & Gamble Article disposable
EP1112728A1 (en) 1999-12-23 2001-07-04 THE PROCTER & GAMBLE COMPANY Liquid removal system having improved dryness of the user facing surface
US20020001726A1 (en) * 1999-12-27 2002-01-03 Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc. Modified siloxane yielding transferring benefits from soft tissue products
US6440437B1 (en) 2000-01-24 2002-08-27 Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc. Wet wipes having skin health benefits
JP3805159B2 (en) 2000-01-25 2006-08-02 ユニ・チャーム株式会社 Absorbent article containing the skin-protective ingredient
US6626961B1 (en) 2000-04-27 2003-09-30 Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc. Nonwovens modified with petrolatum
EP1280493A1 (en) * 2000-05-09 2003-02-05 The Procter & Gamble Company Composite fabric panel for disposable absorbent articles
JP2002085451A (en) 2000-05-10 2002-03-26 Uni Charm Corp Sheet having layer containing oily component and product using the sheet
EP1155703B1 (en) * 2000-05-12 2009-12-23 Kao Corporation Absorbent article
US6911023B1 (en) 2000-08-07 2005-06-28 The Procter & Gamble Company Absorbent article with improved fastening system
US6939553B2 (en) * 2000-09-11 2005-09-06 Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc. Treated substrate with improved transfer efficiency of topical application
MY134575A (en) * 2000-09-28 2007-12-31 Uni Charm Corp Absorbent article and barrier agent for absorbent article
US6432268B1 (en) 2000-09-29 2002-08-13 Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc. Increased hydrophobic stability of a softening compound
US6756520B1 (en) 2000-10-20 2004-06-29 Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc. Hydrophilic compositions for use on absorbent articles to enhance skin barrier
US6503526B1 (en) * 2000-10-20 2003-01-07 Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc. Absorbent articles enhancing skin barrier function
AT342031T (en) 2001-07-26 2006-11-15 Procter & Gamble layers absorbent articles having elastic upper
US6437212B1 (en) 2000-10-27 2002-08-20 Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc. Reduced odor absorbent article and method
US6867343B2 (en) * 2000-10-27 2005-03-15 Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc. Odor control absorbent article and method
US6749721B2 (en) 2000-12-22 2004-06-15 Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc. Process for incorporating poorly substantive paper modifying agents into a paper sheet via wet end addition
US20020120241A1 (en) * 2000-12-22 2002-08-29 Tyrrell David John Absorbent articles with hydrophilic compositions containing anionic polymers
US20020128615A1 (en) 2000-12-22 2002-09-12 Tyrrell David John Absorbent articles with non-aqueous compositions containing anionic polymers
US7771735B2 (en) * 2000-12-22 2010-08-10 Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc. Absorbent articles with compositions for reducing irritation response
US20020120242A1 (en) * 2000-12-22 2002-08-29 Tyrrell David John Absorbent articles with hydrophilic compositions containing botanicals
US6749860B2 (en) 2000-12-22 2004-06-15 Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc. Absorbent articles with non-aqueous compositions containing botanicals
US6548732B2 (en) * 2001-03-23 2003-04-15 Paragon Trade Brands, Inc. Absorbent article having hydrophobic leak protection zones
US6972010B2 (en) 2001-04-17 2005-12-06 The Procter & Gamble Company Absorbent article comprising an agent able to convey a perception to the wearer, without the need to create the external condition perceived
EP1250940B1 (en) 2001-04-17 2010-01-06 THE PROCTER & GAMBLE COMPANY An absorbent article comprising an agent able to convey a perception to the wearer
US8273367B2 (en) 2001-04-17 2012-09-25 The Procter And Gamble Company Articles comprising a mint odor-free cooling agent
EP1250941A1 (en) * 2001-04-17 2002-10-23 THE PROCTER & GAMBLE COMPANY Articles comprising a mint odor-free cooling agent
US7166292B2 (en) * 2001-06-29 2007-01-23 The Procter & Gamble Company Top-biased beneficial components on substrates
US7005557B2 (en) 2001-07-03 2006-02-28 The Procter & Gamble Company Film-forming compositions for protecting skin from body fluids and articles made therefrom
US7805818B2 (en) * 2001-09-05 2010-10-05 The Procter & Gamble Company Nonwoven loop member for a mechanical fastener
AT322975T (en) 2001-09-19 2006-04-15 Procter & Gamble Custom color multilayer structure, a so produced absorbent article and process for their preparation
US8795716B2 (en) * 2001-10-01 2014-08-05 The Procter & Gamble Company Skin care compositions on a thin sanitary napkin
US20040170589A1 (en) * 2001-10-01 2004-09-02 Gatto Joseph Anthony Sanitary napkins with hydrophobic lotions
US20050129651A1 (en) * 2001-10-01 2005-06-16 Gatto Joseph A. Sanitary napkins with hydrophobic lotions
US20060062816A1 (en) * 2001-10-01 2006-03-23 Gatto Joseph A Sanitary napkins with hydrophobic lotions
US20030082219A1 (en) * 2001-10-01 2003-05-01 The Procter & Gamble Company Skin care compositions comprising low concentrations of skin treatment agents
EP1297807A1 (en) * 2001-10-01 2003-04-02 THE PROCTER & GAMBLE COMPANY Edge seal for absorbent article and method for making
US8907154B2 (en) 2001-10-01 2014-12-09 The Procter & Gamble Company Sanitary napkins with hydrophobic lotions
US6918900B2 (en) * 2001-10-25 2005-07-19 Paragon Trade Brands, Inc. Absorbent article with friction-inducing substances and methods for preparing same
US7938812B2 (en) 2001-10-26 2011-05-10 Sca Hygiene Products Ab Insert for an absorbent article with skincare agent and spacing sheet
SE520236C2 (en) * 2001-10-26 2003-06-10 Sca Hygiene Prod Ab Entries to the absorbent article with skin conditioners and spacer layers
US7745686B2 (en) * 2001-11-02 2010-06-29 Playtex Products, Inc. Catamenial device
US6749719B2 (en) * 2001-11-02 2004-06-15 Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc. Method of manufacture tissue products having visually discernable background texture regions bordered by curvilinear decorative elements
US6746570B2 (en) 2001-11-02 2004-06-08 Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc. Absorbent tissue products having visually discernable background texture
US6821385B2 (en) 2001-11-02 2004-11-23 Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc. Method of manufacture of tissue products having visually discernable background texture regions bordered by curvilinear decorative elements using fabrics comprising nonwoven elements
US6790314B2 (en) 2001-11-02 2004-09-14 Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc. Fabric for use in the manufacture of tissue products having visually discernable background texture regions bordered by curvilinear decorative elements and method thereof
US6787000B2 (en) 2001-11-02 2004-09-07 Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc. Fabric comprising nonwoven elements for use in the manufacture of tissue products having visually discernable background texture regions bordered by curvilinear decorative elements and method thereof
US20030105445A1 (en) * 2001-11-30 2003-06-05 Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc. Breast pad assembly containing a skin benefit ingredient
AU2008200598B2 (en) * 2001-12-18 2010-04-08 Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc. Feminine care product with discrete areas of a skin wellnes additive
US6740792B2 (en) 2001-12-18 2004-05-25 Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc. Cover material with improved fluid handling properties
US6656168B2 (en) * 2001-12-18 2003-12-02 Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc. Feminine care product with discrete areas of a skin wellness additive
US20030118761A1 (en) * 2001-12-21 2003-06-26 Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc. Elastomeric articles having improved chemical resistance
US7799968B2 (en) 2001-12-21 2010-09-21 Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc. Sponge-like pad comprising paper layers and method of manufacture
US20030130636A1 (en) * 2001-12-22 2003-07-10 Brock Earl David System for improving skin health of absorbent article wearers
US7365238B2 (en) * 2002-02-19 2008-04-29 The Procter And Gamble Company Absorbent article having a dehydration indicator
US8283515B2 (en) 2002-05-03 2012-10-09 Sca Hygiene Products Ab Absorbent article containing a skin conditioning agent
US20050131364A1 (en) * 2002-05-22 2005-06-16 Uni-Charm Corporation Disposable short panties and method for producing the same (disposable undergarment and method for manufacturing the same)
US7732657B2 (en) 2002-12-20 2010-06-08 The Procter & Gamble Company Absorbent article with lotion-containing topsheet
AT426417T (en) * 2002-06-12 2009-04-15 Sca Hygiene Prod Ab An absorbent article having a skin care composition
US8053626B2 (en) 2002-06-12 2011-11-08 Sca Hygiene Products Ab Absorbent article containing a skincare composition and method of making and using same
KR101010884B1 (en) * 2002-07-26 2011-01-25 카오카부시키가이샤 Disposable diaper easy to put on standing wearer
US6855134B2 (en) * 2002-08-08 2005-02-15 Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc. Disposable absorbent articles with skin health and odor control additives
US9035123B2 (en) * 2002-10-01 2015-05-19 The Procter & Gamble Company Absorbent article having a lotioned topsheet
US20040084162A1 (en) 2002-11-06 2004-05-06 Shannon Thomas Gerard Low slough tissue products and method for making same
US6951598B2 (en) 2002-11-06 2005-10-04 Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc. Hydrophobically modified cationic acrylate copolymer/polysiloxane blends and use in tissue
DE60230633D1 (en) * 2002-11-08 2009-02-12 Procter & Gamble A disposable absorbent article with dirt occluding topcoat
DE60209613T2 (en) * 2002-11-08 2006-10-05 The Procter & Gamble Company, Cincinnati A disposable absorbent article having improved upper layer
US20040115451A1 (en) * 2002-12-09 2004-06-17 Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc. Yellowing prevention of cellulose-based consumer products
US20040110017A1 (en) * 2002-12-09 2004-06-10 Lonsky Werner Franz Wilhelm Yellowing prevention of cellulose-based consumer products
US7378566B2 (en) 2002-12-13 2008-05-27 Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc. Absorbent core including folded substrate
US7294591B2 (en) * 2002-12-13 2007-11-13 Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc. Absorbent composite including a folded substrate and an absorbent adhesive composition
US20040116018A1 (en) * 2002-12-17 2004-06-17 Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc. Method of making fibers, nonwoven fabrics, porous films and foams that include skin treatment additives
US7994079B2 (en) 2002-12-17 2011-08-09 Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc. Meltblown scrubbing product
US6878238B2 (en) * 2002-12-19 2005-04-12 Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc. Non-woven through air dryer and transfer fabrics for tissue making
US6875315B2 (en) 2002-12-19 2005-04-05 Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc. Non-woven through air dryer and transfer fabrics for tissue making
US7910195B2 (en) * 2003-12-16 2011-03-22 The Procter & Gamble Company Absorbent article with lotion-containing topsheet
US7491863B2 (en) * 2002-12-31 2009-02-17 Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc. Secondary lotioned article
US20040158214A1 (en) * 2003-02-10 2004-08-12 The Procter & Gamble Company Disposable absorbent article comprising a durable hydrophilic topsheet
US20040158212A1 (en) * 2003-02-10 2004-08-12 The Procter & Gamble Company Disposable absorbent article comprising a durable hydrophilic core wrap
US20040158213A1 (en) * 2003-02-10 2004-08-12 The Procter & Gamble Company Disposable absorbent article comprising a durable hydrophilic acquisition layer
ES2394008T3 (en) 2003-02-12 2013-01-04 The Procter & Gamble Company absorbent core for an absorbent article
US7320436B2 (en) * 2003-02-28 2008-01-22 Sca Hygiene Products Ab Method of producing an absorbent article and an absorbent article produced according to the method
DE60336794D1 (en) * 2003-02-28 2011-06-01 Sca Hygiene Prod Ab An absorbent article and method of manufacture
US7601882B2 (en) * 2003-03-14 2009-10-13 Sca Hygiene Products Ab Carrier for additive in an absorbent article
SE0300693D0 (en) * 2003-03-14 2003-03-14 Sca Hygiene Prod Ab Carriers for additive in the absorbent article
JP4282349B2 (en) * 2003-03-20 2009-06-17 花王株式会社 Disposable diapers
US6695678B1 (en) 2003-03-25 2004-02-24 The First Years Inc. Medicated breast pad
US7572248B2 (en) 2003-05-08 2009-08-11 The Procter & Gamble Company Unitary disposable pant-type garment with non-elasticized gap between stretch side panels and absorbent assembly
US20040241333A1 (en) * 2003-05-30 2004-12-02 The Procter & Gamble Company Composition and process for coating a substrate
US7435244B2 (en) 2003-07-01 2008-10-14 Arquest, Inc. Diaper design having zones of reduced stiffness and continuous breathability
DE10331192A1 (en) 2003-07-10 2005-02-03 Paul Hartmann Ag Skin-friendly disposable product
US20050059941A1 (en) * 2003-09-11 2005-03-17 Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc. Absorbent product with improved liner treatment
US7485373B2 (en) * 2003-09-11 2009-02-03 Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc. Lotioned tissue product with improved stability
US7547443B2 (en) * 2003-09-11 2009-06-16 Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc. Skin care topical ointment
US7368027B2 (en) * 2003-09-18 2008-05-06 The Procter & Gamble Company Method of making an edge fold having substantially uniform gathers for absorbent article
US7141142B2 (en) * 2003-09-26 2006-11-28 Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc. Method of making paper using reformable fabrics
AT473718T (en) * 2003-10-02 2010-07-15 Procter & Gamble An absorbent article with an elastomeric material
US7234648B2 (en) * 2003-10-31 2007-06-26 The Procter And Gamble Company Volatile substance-controlling composition
US20050113730A1 (en) * 2003-11-24 2005-05-26 Sca Hygiene Products Ab Absorbent Article Containing A Skin Care Product
US20050137544A1 (en) * 2003-12-18 2005-06-23 Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc. Absorbent article with skin care composition
US7736351B2 (en) 2004-02-02 2010-06-15 The Procter & Gamble Company Simple disposable absorbent article
JP2007526806A (en) * 2004-02-11 2007-09-20 ザ プロクター アンド ギャンブル カンパニー Absorbent articles hydrophobic surface coating
US20050215155A1 (en) * 2004-03-23 2005-09-29 The Procter & Gamble Company Absorbent article with improved opacity
US20050215965A1 (en) * 2004-03-29 2005-09-29 The Procter & Gamble Company Hydrophilic nonwovens with low retention capacity comprising cross-linked hydrophilic polymers
US20110015602A1 (en) * 2005-03-24 2011-01-20 Mattias Schmidt Hydrophilic Nonwovens with Low Retention Capacity Comprising Cross-Linked Hydrophilic Polymers
US7794441B2 (en) * 2004-04-14 2010-09-14 The Procter & Gamble Company Dual cuff for a unitary disposable absorbent article being spaced away from backsheet
US20050238701A1 (en) * 2004-04-23 2005-10-27 Joerg Kleinwaechter Fibrous structures comprising a transferable agent
US8343534B2 (en) * 2004-04-23 2013-01-01 The Procter & Gamble Company Tissue including a volatile rhinological composition
US20060029628A1 (en) * 2004-04-23 2006-02-09 Joerg Kleinwaechter Use of a volatile cooling sensate on fibrous tissues to provide a sensation of rhinological decongestion
US7314967B2 (en) * 2004-05-26 2008-01-01 The Procter & Gamble Company Moisture responsive sealing members in disposable absorbent articles
US7905872B2 (en) 2004-06-04 2011-03-15 The Procter & Gamble Company Absorbent articles comprising a slow recovery stretch laminate
US7717893B2 (en) 2004-06-04 2010-05-18 The Procter & Gamble Company Absorbent articles comprising a slow recovery elastomer
US20050271710A1 (en) * 2004-06-04 2005-12-08 Argo Brian P Antimicrobial tissue products with reduced skin irritation potential
AU2005265258A1 (en) * 2004-06-21 2006-01-26 The Procter & Gamble Company Absorbent article with lotion-containing topsheet
US8684988B2 (en) 2004-06-29 2014-04-01 The Procter & Gamble Company Disposable absorbent article having barrier cuff strips
US20060005496A1 (en) * 2004-07-12 2006-01-12 Ridglass Manufacturing Company, Inc. Torchless self-adhesive roofing product and method
US20060025735A1 (en) * 2004-07-30 2006-02-02 Berg Charles J Jr Absorbent article with color matched surfaces
US20060025743A1 (en) * 2004-07-30 2006-02-02 The Procter & Gamble Company Absorbent article with color matched surfaces
US9226857B2 (en) 2004-07-30 2016-01-05 The Procter & Gamble Company Absorbent article with color matched surfaces
US20060025736A1 (en) * 2004-07-30 2006-02-02 The Procter & Gamble Company Absorbent article with color surfaces
US20060025742A1 (en) * 2004-07-30 2006-02-02 The Procter & Gamble Company Absorbent article with color surfaces
US20060047258A1 (en) * 2004-09-01 2006-03-02 The Procter & Gamble Company Edge band for absorbent article and method for making
US7273476B2 (en) * 2004-09-13 2007-09-25 The Procter & Gamble Company Diaper with elasticated topsheet
WO2006031639A1 (en) * 2004-09-13 2006-03-23 The Procter & Gamble Company Absorbent article with urine-permeable coversheet
US20060069370A1 (en) * 2004-09-30 2006-03-30 Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc. Absorbent article having a liner with areas that prevent lotion and adhesive migration
US20060080810A1 (en) * 2004-10-18 2006-04-20 Horn Thomas A Bonding patterns for construction of a knitted fabric landing zone
EP1671609B2 (en) * 2004-12-17 2014-07-09 The Procter & Gamble Company Discontinuous lotion application onto the topsheet of an absorbent article
US20060135923A1 (en) * 2004-12-20 2006-06-22 Boggs Lavada C Nonwoven fabrics for use in personal care products
US20060130989A1 (en) * 2004-12-22 2006-06-22 Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc. Tissue products treated with a polysiloxane containing softening composition that are wettable and have a lotiony-soft handfeel
US20060140899A1 (en) * 2004-12-28 2006-06-29 Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc. Skin cleansing system comprising an anti-adherent formulation and a cationic compound
US7642395B2 (en) * 2004-12-28 2010-01-05 Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc. Composition and wipe for reducing viscosity of viscoelastic bodily fluids
US7670459B2 (en) * 2004-12-29 2010-03-02 Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc. Soft and durable tissue products containing a softening agent
US8419701B2 (en) 2005-01-10 2013-04-16 The Procter & Gamble Company Absorbent articles with stretch zones comprising slow recovery elastic materials
EP1843728B1 (en) 2005-01-26 2012-01-04 The Procter and Gamble Company Disposable pull-on diaper having a low force, slow recovery elastic waist
US8211078B2 (en) * 2005-02-17 2012-07-03 The Procter And Gamble Company Sanitary napkins capable of taking complex three-dimensional shape in use
US20060206077A1 (en) * 2005-03-14 2006-09-14 The Procter & Gamble Company Absorbent article having barrier sheet against the transfer of the skin care composition
US7887522B2 (en) 2005-03-18 2011-02-15 The Procter And Gamble Company Pull-on wearable article with informational image
US7806880B2 (en) * 2005-03-18 2010-10-05 The Procter & Gamble Company Pull-on wearable article with informational image
US7763004B2 (en) 2005-05-18 2010-07-27 The Procter & Gamble Company Disposable absorbent article having layered containment pockets
US20060264861A1 (en) 2005-05-20 2006-11-23 Lavon Gary D Disposable absorbent article having breathable side flaps
US20060264883A1 (en) * 2005-05-23 2006-11-23 Carstens Jerry E Method for holding article in close bodily contact with thong-shaped holder
US20060271010A1 (en) * 2005-05-24 2006-11-30 Lavon Gary D Loincloth diaper
US20060269509A1 (en) * 2005-05-31 2006-11-30 Excelda Corporation Scent eliminating composition including colloidal silver
US8187239B2 (en) 2005-05-31 2012-05-29 The Procter & Gamble Company Side notched folded diaper
US8221379B2 (en) 2005-06-17 2012-07-17 The Procter & Gamble Company Absorbent article with improved tear resistance and softness
US7695463B2 (en) 2005-06-22 2010-04-13 The Procter & Gamble Company Disposable absorbent article having dual layer barrier cuff strips
US7744579B2 (en) * 2005-06-29 2010-06-29 The Procter & Gamble Company Absorbent article providing a better fit and more comfort to a wearer
AT510523T (en) 2005-06-29 2011-06-15 Procter & Gamble An absorbent disposable articles with a skinless elastomer layer without openings
JP4777422B2 (en) * 2005-06-29 2011-09-21 ザ プロクター アンド ギャンブル カンパニー Disposable absorbent article comprising an elastic member which is adhesively bonded
US7931636B2 (en) 2005-08-04 2011-04-26 The Procter & Gamble Company Simple disposable absorbent article
US8663184B2 (en) 2005-08-05 2014-03-04 The Procter & Gamble Company Absorbent article with a multifunctional side panel
WO2007023404A2 (en) * 2005-08-25 2007-03-01 The Procter & Gamble Company Absorbent article comprising condensed tannin
US8038661B2 (en) * 2005-09-02 2011-10-18 The Procter & Gamble Company Absorbent article with low cold flow construction adhesive
US8684990B2 (en) * 2005-09-12 2014-04-01 The Procter & Gamble Company Simple disposable pant-like garment having breathable side barriers
US20070073260A1 (en) 2005-09-29 2007-03-29 The Procter & Gamble Company Absorbent article with improved garment-like character
US8211079B2 (en) 2005-09-30 2012-07-03 The Procter & Gamble Company Anti-pop open macrofasteners
US8968265B2 (en) * 2005-09-30 2015-03-03 The Procter & Gamble Company Absorbent article fastening device having stiffness changing characteristics
US7799006B2 (en) * 2005-09-30 2010-09-21 The Procter & Gamble Company Fastening system having multiple engagement orientations
US8217220B2 (en) 2005-10-05 2012-07-10 Sca Hygiene Products Ab Absorbent article comprising a thin film including an active agent
US20070083171A1 (en) * 2005-10-12 2007-04-12 Jon Scott Lynn Rid-a-rash
US7682350B2 (en) * 2005-10-14 2010-03-23 The Procter & Gamble Company Disposable absorbent articles
MXPA05011978A (en) 2005-11-04 2007-05-03 Grupo P I Mabe Sa De C V Non-woven fabric that acts as an indicator.
US20070118089A1 (en) * 2005-11-23 2007-05-24 The Procter & Gamble Company Disposable absorbent article having backsheet strips
US7737324B2 (en) 2005-11-23 2010-06-15 The Procter & Gamble Company Disposable absorbent article having deployable chassis ears
US20070118088A1 (en) * 2005-11-23 2007-05-24 The Procter & Gamble Company Disposable absorbent article having barrier cuff strips
WO2007064264A1 (en) 2005-12-01 2007-06-07 Sca Hygiene Products Ab New absorbent article
US20070134418A1 (en) 2005-12-14 2007-06-14 General Electric Company Method for depositing an aluminum-containing layer onto an article
US7432413B2 (en) 2005-12-16 2008-10-07 The Procter And Gamble Company Disposable absorbent article having side panels with structurally, functionally and visually different regions
US20070142800A1 (en) * 2005-12-20 2007-06-21 The Procter & Gamble Company Disposable absorbent articles having a partially visible graphic
US7872169B2 (en) * 2005-12-22 2011-01-18 The Procter & Gamble Company Reduced noise level fastening system
BRPI0620320A2 (en) 2005-12-22 2011-11-08 Procter & Gamble fasteners relative stiffness
US20080021432A1 (en) * 2005-12-22 2008-01-24 Kline Mark J Relative stiffness fasteners
US7870652B2 (en) 2005-12-22 2011-01-18 The Procter & Gamble Company Fasteners having improved comfort
US20070156106A1 (en) * 2006-01-03 2007-07-05 Thomas James Klofta Disposable absorbent articles having temperature sensors
US7722592B2 (en) * 2006-01-03 2010-05-25 The Procter & Gamble Company Non-tacky adhesive fastening system for use in consumer products
US7806883B2 (en) * 2006-01-17 2010-10-05 The Procter & Gamble Company Absorbent articles having a breathable stretch laminate
EP1988793B1 (en) 2006-02-24 2014-07-09 Mitsui Chemicals, Inc. A nonwoven web for fastener female member
US9091005B2 (en) * 2006-02-24 2015-07-28 Mitsui Chemicals, Inc. Nonwoven web for fastener female member
WO2007106398A2 (en) * 2006-03-10 2007-09-20 The Procter & Gamble Company Disposable absorbent articles containing odor controlling films
US20070225670A1 (en) * 2006-03-14 2007-09-27 Connell Thomas J Diapers for improving male genital health and methods of using the same
EP1993498A1 (en) * 2006-03-14 2008-11-26 The Procter and Gamble Company Absorbent articles with lotions
US20070219521A1 (en) * 2006-03-17 2007-09-20 The Procter & Gamble Company Absorbent article comprising a synthetic polymer derived from a renewable resource and methods of producing said article
US8057450B2 (en) 2006-03-31 2011-11-15 The Procter & Gamble Company Absorbent article with sensation member
US20070232178A1 (en) * 2006-03-31 2007-10-04 Osman Polat Method for forming a fibrous structure comprising synthetic fibers and hydrophilizing agents
US8491558B2 (en) 2006-03-31 2013-07-23 The Procter & Gamble Company Absorbent article with impregnated sensation material for toilet training
US8664467B2 (en) 2006-03-31 2014-03-04 The Procter & Gamble Company Absorbent articles with feedback signal upon urination
CN101404969B (en) * 2006-03-31 2013-04-24 宝洁公司 Absorbent article comprising a fibrous structure comprising synthetic fibers and a hydrophilizing agent
US7666175B2 (en) * 2006-04-07 2010-02-23 The Procter And Gamble Company Absorbent article having a multi-dimensionally contoured barrier cuff
US7833211B2 (en) * 2006-04-24 2010-11-16 The Procter & Gamble Company Stretch laminate, method of making, and absorbent article
US20070255246A1 (en) * 2006-04-28 2007-11-01 The Procter & Gamble Company Disposable absorbent articles with reinforced seams
US20070287983A1 (en) * 2006-06-07 2007-12-13 Richard Worthington Lodge Absorbent article having an anchored core assembly
JP5048058B2 (en) * 2006-06-07 2012-10-17 ザ プロクター アンド ギャンブル カンパニー Absorbent article having a multi-functional containment member
US8235963B2 (en) 2006-06-07 2012-08-07 The Procter & Gamble Company Disposable wearable absorbent articles with anchoring systems
US9072633B2 (en) * 2006-06-07 2015-07-07 The Procter & Gamble Company Biaxially stretchable outer cover for an absorbent article
JP2009537350A (en) 2006-06-09 2009-10-29 ザ プロクター アンド ギャンブル カンパニー Stretch laminate, the creation method, and an absorbent article
EP2043578A2 (en) 2006-07-21 2009-04-08 The Procter and Gamble Company Disposable absorbent articles having a windowed removable sensor
CN101489514A (en) 2006-07-21 2009-07-22 宝洁公司 Disposable absorbent articles having a windowed sensor
AT529082T (en) 2006-07-21 2011-11-15 Procter & Gamble Absorbent disposable articles with pocket temperature sensors
US20080058737A1 (en) * 2006-07-28 2008-03-06 Rosa Alejandra Hernandez Absorbent articles and wipes comprising lotion
US8470440B2 (en) * 2006-08-30 2013-06-25 The Procter & Gamble Company Regenerative non-tacky adhesive fastening system for use in consumer products
US8574610B2 (en) * 2006-09-07 2013-11-05 Biolargo Life Technologies, Inc. Material having antimicrobial activity when wet
US7867510B2 (en) * 2006-09-07 2011-01-11 BioLargo Life Technologies, Inc Material having antimicrobial activity when wet
US8226964B2 (en) * 2006-09-07 2012-07-24 Biolargo Life Technologies, Inc. Systems and methods for cleaning liquid carriers related applications data
US9414601B2 (en) * 2006-09-07 2016-08-16 Biolargo Life Technologies, Incorporated Material having antimicrobial activity when wet
US20080086103A1 (en) * 2006-10-04 2008-04-10 The Procter & Gamble Company Kit including an absorbent article
CN101528176A (en) * 2006-10-17 2009-09-09 宝洁公司 Package for disposable absorbent articles and kit of package and disposable absorbent article
CA2668167A1 (en) * 2006-11-02 2008-05-15 The Procter & Gamble Company Non-tacky adhesive fastening system
US20080114326A1 (en) * 2006-11-15 2008-05-15 Donald Carroll Roe Disposable absorbent article having a wrap and tuck configuration
US20080132865A1 (en) * 2006-11-29 2008-06-05 Wenbin Li Substrates With Printed Patterns Thereon Providing A Three-Dimensional Appearance
CA2851763A1 (en) 2006-12-04 2008-06-12 The Procter & Gamble Company Absorbent articles comprising graphics
US8257335B2 (en) 2007-01-31 2012-09-04 The Procter & Gamble Company Diaper having hip stretch panels
JP5102504B2 (en) * 2007-02-02 2012-12-19 ユニ・チャーム株式会社 The absorbent article
US20080195072A1 (en) * 2007-02-08 2008-08-14 The Procter & Gamble Company Disposable absorbent articles having photochromic ink based graphics
EP1961402B1 (en) * 2007-02-13 2011-01-05 The Procter and Gamble Company Absorbent article with barrier sheet
EP1958601A1 (en) * 2007-02-13 2008-08-20 The Procter & Gamble Company Absorbent article comprising an ink composition
EP1958602A1 (en) * 2007-02-13 2008-08-20 The Procter & Gamble Company Elasticated Absorbent Article
AR065378A1 (en) * 2007-02-16 2009-06-03 Procter & Gamble LOTION absorbent article comprising a polypropylene material
US7895718B2 (en) * 2007-02-23 2011-03-01 The Procter & Gamble Company Fastening system
US7789870B2 (en) * 2007-02-23 2010-09-07 The Procter & Gamble Company Nonwoven fabric for a female component of a fastening system
US8585672B2 (en) 2007-02-28 2013-11-19 The Procter & Gamble Company Disposable absorbent article having deployable belt ears
US7935099B2 (en) 2007-03-14 2011-05-03 The Procter & Gamble Company Absorbent article with patterned SBS based adhesive
US7857801B2 (en) 2007-03-23 2010-12-28 The Procter & Gamble Company Diaper having deployable chassis ears and stretch waistband
EP1992367B1 (en) 2007-05-15 2012-06-27 The Procter and Gamble Company Absorbent article comprising a lotion composition for reducing adherence of feces or menses to the skin
US20080287896A1 (en) * 2007-05-15 2008-11-20 The Procter & Gamble Company Absorbent Article With Hydrophilic Lotion And High Barrier Cuffs
WO2008139429A1 (en) * 2007-05-15 2008-11-20 The Procter & Gamble Company Absorbent article with lotion
AT515275T (en) * 2007-05-15 2011-07-15 Procter & Gamble Use of a lotion composition onto an absorbent article for the reduction of faecal or mensesanhaftung skin at the
WO2008149315A1 (en) 2007-06-05 2008-12-11 The Procter & Gamble Company Absorbent articles comprising low basis weight films exhibiting low glue burn through
RU2465877C2 (en) 2007-06-18 2012-11-10 Дзе Проктер Энд Гэмбл Компани Disposable absorbing product with virtually continuous distribution of granular polymer material and method of its manufacturing
EP2157956B1 (en) 2007-06-18 2013-07-17 The Procter and Gamble Company Disposable absorbent article with sealed absorbent core with substantially continuously distributed absorbent particulate polymer material
US8558051B2 (en) * 2007-07-18 2013-10-15 The Procter & Gamble Company Disposable absorbent article having odor control system
US9060900B2 (en) 2007-09-07 2015-06-23 The Proctor & Gamble Company Disposable wearable absorbent articles with anchoring subsystems
US8597268B2 (en) 2007-09-07 2013-12-03 The Procter & Gamble Company Disposable wearable absorbent articles with anchoring subsystems
US8668679B2 (en) 2007-09-07 2014-03-11 The Procter & Gamble Company Disposable wearable absorbent articles with anchoring subsystems
US9056031B2 (en) 2007-09-07 2015-06-16 The Procter & Gamble Company Disposable wearable absorbent articles with anchoring subsystems
US8945079B2 (en) 2007-09-07 2015-02-03 The Procter & Gamble Company Disposable wearable absorbent articles with anchoring subsystems
US8790325B2 (en) 2007-09-07 2014-07-29 The Procter & Gamble Company Disposable wearable absorbent articles with anchoring subsystems
US8858523B2 (en) 2007-09-07 2014-10-14 The Procter & Gamble Company Disposable wearable absorbent articles with anchoring subsystems
US10182950B2 (en) * 2007-11-07 2019-01-22 The Procter & Gamble Company Absorbent article having improved softness
EP2211807B1 (en) 2007-11-19 2011-09-07 The Procter & Gamble Company Apparatus for activating a web
US8323257B2 (en) 2007-11-21 2012-12-04 The Procter & Gamble Company Absorbent articles comprising a slow recovery stretch laminate and method for making the same
WO2009074922A1 (en) * 2007-12-13 2009-06-18 The Procter & Gamble Company Absorbent article with composite sheet comprising elastic material
MX2010006263A (en) * 2007-12-13 2010-06-23 Procter & Gamble Absorbent article with composite sheet comprising elastic material.
WO2009082309A1 (en) 2007-12-21 2009-07-02 Sca Hygiene Products Ab Absorbent article with ventilated topsheet
JP2009232881A (en) 2008-03-25 2009-10-15 Uni Charm Corp Absorbent article
US20090264849A1 (en) * 2008-04-19 2009-10-22 Timothy Matthew La Croix Diapers, diaper wipes and diapaer pads with active ingredients integrated therein
US8870839B2 (en) 2008-04-22 2014-10-28 The Procter & Gamble Company Disposable article including a nanostructure forming material
CA2722538C (en) 2008-04-29 2014-08-12 The Procter & Gamble Company Process for making an absorbent core with strain resistant core cover
US20090294044A1 (en) 2008-05-27 2009-12-03 Nathan Alan Gill Methods and Apparatus for Attaching Elastic Components to Absorbent Articles
GB0814969D0 (en) * 2008-07-07 2008-09-24 Hough Judith Child's paint protective liner
US20100016782A1 (en) * 2008-07-16 2010-01-21 John Erich Oblong Method of Regulating Hair Growth
US9533479B2 (en) * 2008-09-18 2017-01-03 Medline Industries, Inc. Absorbent articles having antimicrobial properties and methods of manufacturing the same
WO2010041997A1 (en) * 2008-10-10 2010-04-15 Sca Hygiene Products Ab Absorbent article with improved transfer of a composition
JP5254457B2 (en) * 2008-11-14 2013-08-07 ザ プロクター アンド ギャンブル カンパニー The substrate with the adhesion of feces and menses
DE202010017694U1 (en) 2009-01-15 2012-04-24 The Procter & Gamble Company Reusable outer cover for an absorbent article with zones of varying properties
US9011402B2 (en) 2009-01-15 2015-04-21 The Procter & Gamble Company Disposable absorbent insert for two-piece wearable absorbent article
US9387138B2 (en) 2009-01-15 2016-07-12 The Procter & Gamble Company Reusable outer covers for wearable absorbent articles
CN102281846A (en) 2009-01-15 2011-12-14 宝洁公司 Anchoring subsystem having wearable absorbent article reusable
MX2011007569A (en) 2009-01-15 2011-08-04 Procter & Gamble Reusable outer cover for an absorbent article.
US8277431B2 (en) * 2009-02-02 2012-10-02 The Procter & Gamble Company Absorbent article with multiple elastic areas
US8333748B2 (en) * 2009-03-05 2012-12-18 The Procter & Gamble Company Outer cover for a disposable absorbent article
US8153226B2 (en) 2009-03-31 2012-04-10 The Procter & Gamble Company Capped tufted laminate web
US8927801B2 (en) 2009-04-13 2015-01-06 The Procter & Gamble Company Absorbent articles comprising wetness indicators
US9717818B2 (en) * 2009-05-08 2017-08-01 Medline Industries, Inc. Absorbent articles having antimicrobial properties and methods of manufacturing the same
EP2266514A1 (en) 2009-06-25 2010-12-29 The Procter and Gamble Company Absorbent article with barrier component
US9345802B2 (en) 2009-06-25 2016-05-24 The Procter & Gamble Company Absorbent article with barrier component
WO2011022537A1 (en) 2009-08-21 2011-02-24 The Procter & Gamble Company Absorbent articles having both distinct and identical graphics and apparatus and method for printing such absorbent articles
BR112012005986A2 (en) 2009-09-18 2015-09-08 Procter & Gamble substrate composition comprising a lotion which limits the adherence of feces or menses to the skin.
US8435924B2 (en) * 2009-11-04 2013-05-07 The Procter & Gamble Company Method of producing color change in overlapping layers
US20110106035A1 (en) * 2009-11-04 2011-05-05 Kelyn Anne Arora Absorbent article having activated color regions in overlapping layers
US20110118686A1 (en) * 2009-11-13 2011-05-19 The Procter & Gamble Company Substrate with adherence for feces and menses
US9181465B2 (en) * 2009-11-20 2015-11-10 Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc. Temperature change compositions and tissue products providing a cooling sensation
US8480852B2 (en) * 2009-11-20 2013-07-09 Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc. Cooling substrates with hydrophilic containment layer and method of making
US8795717B2 (en) 2009-11-20 2014-08-05 Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc. Tissue products including a temperature change composition containing phase change components within a non-interfering molecular scaffold
EP2329803B1 (en) 2009-12-02 2019-06-19 The Procter and Gamble Company Apparatus and method for transferring particulate material
JP2011143240A (en) * 2009-12-14 2011-07-28 Kao Corp Method for manufacturing absorptive article
WO2011082025A1 (en) 2009-12-30 2011-07-07 The Procter & Gamble Company Absorbent article comprising lotion composition comprising omega-6 fatty acid
US8808263B2 (en) 2010-01-14 2014-08-19 The Procter & Gamble Company Article of commerce including two-piece wearable absorbent article
CA2787261A1 (en) 2010-01-14 2011-07-21 The Procter & Gamble Company Article of commerce including two-piece wearable absorbent article
CA2692679C (en) 2010-02-25 2013-04-30 The Procter & Gamble Company Absorbent article with improved garment-like character
CA2693130C (en) 2010-02-25 2012-10-09 The Procter & Gamble Company Absorbent article with improved garment-like character
CA2692638C (en) 2010-02-25 2011-05-10 The Procter & Gamble Company Absorbent article with improved garment-like character
CA2692635C (en) 2010-02-25 2011-05-10 The Procter & Gamble Company Absorbent article with improved garment-like character
CA2692891C (en) 2010-02-25 2012-10-09 The Procter & Gamble Company Absorbent article with improved garment-like character
JP5746849B2 (en) * 2010-03-01 2015-07-08 花王株式会社 Manufacturing method of the absorbent article
US8986184B2 (en) 2010-04-09 2015-03-24 The Procter & Gamble Company Apparatuses and methods for folding an absorbent article
US8870732B2 (en) 2010-04-09 2014-10-28 The Procter & Gamble Company Methods and apparatuses for tucking side panels of absorbent articles
US9226861B2 (en) 2010-04-09 2016-01-05 Gary Dean Lavon Converting lines and methods for fabricating both taped and pant diapers comprising substantially identical chassis
US9017241B2 (en) 2010-04-09 2015-04-28 The Procter & Gamble Company Methods and apparatuses for tucking side panels of absorbent articles
SG184498A1 (en) 2010-04-09 2012-11-29 Procter & Gamble Reconfigurable converting lines and methods for fabricating both taped diapers and pant diapers
EP2386277B1 (en) 2010-04-20 2013-11-13 The Procter and Gamble Company Apparatus and method for receiving and transferring solid material
US8975210B2 (en) 2010-04-23 2015-03-10 The Procter & Gamble Co. Web substrate having activated color regions in deformed regions
US8440587B2 (en) 2010-04-23 2013-05-14 The Procter & Gamble Company Method of producing color change in a web substrate
US8343411B2 (en) 2010-04-23 2013-01-01 The Procter & Gamble Company Method of producing a web substrate having activated color regions in deformed regions
US8637430B2 (en) 2010-04-23 2014-01-28 The Procter & Gamble Company Web substrate having activated color regions in topical additive regions
US8685309B2 (en) 2010-04-26 2014-04-01 The Procter & Gamble Company Method for making a personal care product
US8466335B2 (en) 2010-04-26 2013-06-18 The Procter & Gamble Company Personal care product
CN102883751A (en) * 2010-04-30 2013-01-16 宝洁公司 Nonwoven having durable hydrophilic coating
US8652115B2 (en) 2010-05-21 2014-02-18 The Procter & Gamble Company Insert with advantageous fastener configurations and end stiffness characteristics for two-piece wearable absorbent article
US8652114B2 (en) 2010-05-21 2014-02-18 The Procter & Gamble Company Insert with advantageous fastener configurations and end stiffness characteristics for two-piece wearable absorbent article
US8585667B2 (en) 2010-05-21 2013-11-19 The Procter & Gamble Company Insert with advantageous fastener configurations and end stiffness characteristics for two-piece wearable absorbent article
WO2012009491A1 (en) 2010-07-15 2012-01-19 The Procter & Gamble Company Method and apparatus for transferring articles of different sizes
WO2012009316A1 (en) 2010-07-15 2012-01-19 The Procter & Gamble Company Method and apparatus for transporting and folding articles
US8469869B2 (en) 2010-07-15 2013-06-25 The Procter & Gamble Company Apparatus and method for folding article
US8998788B2 (en) 2010-07-15 2015-04-07 The Procter & Gamble Company Apparatus and method for folding articles
US20120022491A1 (en) 2010-07-22 2012-01-26 Donald Carroll Roe Flexible Reusable Outer Covers For Disposable Absorbent Inserts
US8546641B2 (en) 2010-07-22 2013-10-01 The Procter & Gamble Company High-capacity disposable absorbent inserts for reusable outer covers
US8821470B2 (en) 2010-07-22 2014-09-02 The Procter & Gamble Company Two-piece wearable absorbent article with advantageous fastener performance configurations
US8974432B2 (en) 2010-07-22 2015-03-10 The Procter & Gamble Company Outer cover for an absorbent article
US20120029454A1 (en) 2010-07-27 2012-02-02 Wenbin Li Absorbent Articles with Printed Graphics Thereon Providing A Three-Dimensional Appearance
ES2461916T3 (en) * 2010-08-19 2014-05-21 Paul Hartmann Ag Foam dressing containing ointment base and for negative pressure therapy
WO2012024576A1 (en) 2010-08-20 2012-02-23 The Procter & Gamble Company Absorbent article and components thereof having improved softness signals, and methods for manufacturing
US8921640B2 (en) 2010-10-08 2014-12-30 The Procter & Gamble Company Absorbent article with philic anhydrous lotion
US9669130B2 (en) 2010-10-08 2017-06-06 The Procter & Gamble Company Absorbent article with lotion
US9017305B2 (en) 2010-11-12 2015-04-28 The Procter Gamble Company Elastomeric compositions that resist force loss and disintegration
JP5766937B2 (en) * 2010-11-22 2015-08-19 花王株式会社 Disposable diapers
US8618350B2 (en) 2011-02-14 2013-12-31 The Procter & Gamble Company Absorbent articles with tear resistant film
US20120226249A1 (en) 2011-03-04 2012-09-06 Michael Scott Prodoehl Disposable Absorbent Articles Having Wide Color Gamut Indicia Printed Thereon
US8962124B2 (en) 2011-03-04 2015-02-24 The Procter & Gamble Company Web substrates having wide color gamut indicia printed thereon
WO2012125536A1 (en) 2011-03-14 2012-09-20 The Procter & Gamble Company Substrate comprising a composition reducing the adherence of feces or menses to the skin
US8460597B2 (en) 2011-03-22 2013-06-11 The Procter & Gamble Company Method of producing color change in a substrate
WO2012134988A1 (en) 2011-03-25 2012-10-04 The Procter & Gamble Company Article with nonwoven web component formed with loft-enhancing calender bond shapes and patterns
US9408761B2 (en) 2011-03-25 2016-08-09 The Procter & Gamble Company Article with nonwoven web component formed with loft-enhancing calendar bond shapes and patterns
BR112013023153A2 (en) 2011-03-29 2016-12-20 Procter & Gamble conversion system for manufacturing diapers with tape and diapers pants type
US9469791B2 (en) 2011-04-28 2016-10-18 Adherent Laboratories, Inc. Polyolefin based hot melt adhesive composition
BR112013027399A2 (en) 2011-04-29 2017-01-17 Procter & Gamble absorbent article having narrow polymeric film opacity and apply reinforcement
CN103582470B (en) 2011-04-29 2017-02-08 宝洁公司 Absorbent article having leg cuffs pad
US8642645B2 (en) 2011-05-20 2014-02-04 Brooks Kelly Research, LLC. Pharmaceutical composition comprising Cannabinoids
MX2013014588A (en) 2011-06-10 2014-01-24 Procter & Gamble Absorbent structure for absorbent articles.
MX2013014596A (en) 2011-06-10 2014-01-24 Procter & Gamble Absorbent core for disposable absorbent articles.
PL2532332T5 (en) 2011-06-10 2018-07-31 The Procter And Gamble Company Disposable diaper having reduced attachment between absorbent core and backsheet
CA2838032C (en) 2011-06-10 2018-07-17 The Procter & Gamble Company Absorbent structure for absorbent articles
EP2532329B1 (en) 2011-06-10 2018-09-19 The Procter and Gamble Company Method and apparatus for making absorbent structures with absorbent material
CN103596534B (en) 2011-06-10 2017-04-12 宝洁公司 Disposable diapers
EP2532328B1 (en) 2011-06-10 2014-02-26 The Procter and Gamble Company Method and apparatus for making absorbent structures with absorbent material
RU2610104C2 (en) 2011-06-21 2017-02-07 Дзе Проктер Энд Гэмбл Компани Absorbent product with belt ribbon made with combined constriction
WO2012177400A1 (en) 2011-06-21 2012-12-27 The Procter & Gamble Company Absorbent article with waistband having contraction
BR112013032991A2 (en) 2011-06-21 2017-01-31 Procter & Gamble absorbent article with a waist and legs which has to handle shirred
US9078792B2 (en) 2011-06-30 2015-07-14 The Procter & Gamble Company Two-piece wearable absorbent article having advantageous front waist region and landing zone configuration
CN104918662A (en) * 2013-01-11 2015-09-16 宝洁公司 Lotions comprising emollients of a renewable resource and an immobilizing agent
US20130018343A1 (en) * 2011-07-13 2013-01-17 Raphael Warren Lotions Derived From Renewable Resources and Absorbent Articles Comprising Same
JP6020980B2 (en) * 2011-09-14 2016-11-02 大王製紙株式会社 Manufacturing method of the absorbent article
US20130102986A1 (en) 2011-10-19 2013-04-25 The Procter & Gamble Company Wearable Absorbent Articles With Reusable Chassis Having Extensible Body Zones
US20130199696A1 (en) 2012-02-06 2013-08-08 Uwe Schneider Apparatuses and Methods for Fabricating Elastomeric Laminates
US8585849B2 (en) 2012-02-06 2013-11-19 The Procter & Gamble Company Apparatuses and methods for fabricating elastomeric laminates
US20130211355A1 (en) 2012-02-13 2013-08-15 The Procter & Gamble Company Absorbent articles comprising substantially identical chassis
CA2864520A1 (en) 2012-02-13 2013-08-22 The Procter & Gamble Company Absorbent articles comprising substantially identical chassis
JP5717672B2 (en) 2012-02-29 2015-05-13 ユニ・チャーム株式会社 The absorbent article
US8699751B2 (en) 2012-03-02 2014-04-15 The Procter & Gamble Company Method for quantifying the effective height of fibers emanating from a surface
US8675919B2 (en) 2012-03-02 2014-03-18 The Procter & Gamble Company Method for quantifying the number of free fibers emanating from a surface
EP2644174A1 (en) 2012-03-29 2013-10-02 The Procter and Gamble Company Method and apparatus for making personal hygiene absorbent articles
US8720666B2 (en) 2012-04-16 2014-05-13 The Procter & Gamble Company Apparatuses for transferring discrete articles
US8820513B2 (en) 2012-04-16 2014-09-02 The Procter & Gamble Company Methods for transferring discrete articles
US8607959B2 (en) 2012-04-16 2013-12-17 The Procter & Gamble Company Rotational assemblies and methods for transferring discrete articles
US8833542B2 (en) 2012-04-16 2014-09-16 The Procter & Gamble Company Fluid systems and methods for transferring discrete articles
BR112014028331A2 (en) 2012-05-15 2018-05-29 Procter & Gamble absorbent articles with textured areas
EP2671554B1 (en) 2012-06-08 2016-04-27 The Procter and Gamble Company Absorbent core for use in absorbent articles
EP2679209B1 (en) 2012-06-28 2015-03-04 The Procter and Gamble Company Absorbent articles with improved core
EP2679210B1 (en) 2012-06-28 2015-01-28 The Procter and Gamble Company Absorbent articles with improved core
US8932273B2 (en) 2012-06-29 2015-01-13 The Procter & Gamble Company Disposable absorbent insert for two-piece wearable absorbent article
US9949902B2 (en) 2012-06-29 2018-04-24 Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc. Stable emulsion for prevention of skin irritation and items using same
US9511006B2 (en) 2012-06-29 2016-12-06 Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc. Dispersible moist wipe with emulsion for prevention of skin irritation
US9393197B2 (en) 2012-06-29 2016-07-19 Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc. Stable emulsion for prevention of skin irritation and articles using same
JP6109935B2 (en) 2012-07-13 2017-04-05 ザ プロクター アンド ギャンブル カンパニー Absorbent article for stretch laminates and a method of manufacturing the same
US10064767B2 (en) 2012-08-01 2018-09-04 The Procter & Gamble Company Diaper structure with enhanced tactile softness attributes and providing relatively low humidity
CN104507436B (en) 2012-08-01 2018-12-28 宝洁公司 The diaper structure of tactile flexibility attribute with enhancing
USD714560S1 (en) 2012-09-17 2014-10-07 The Procter & Gamble Company Sheet material for an absorbent article
US8865824B2 (en) 2012-09-19 2014-10-21 IFS Industries Inc. Hot melt adhesive
US9241843B2 (en) 2012-09-19 2016-01-26 The Procter & Gamble Company Article with tackifier-free adhesive
RU2680499C2 (en) 2014-06-12 2019-02-21 Дзе Проктер Энд Гэмбл Компани Absorbent article with tackifier-free adhesive
EP2897563B1 (en) 2012-09-21 2018-10-24 The Procter and Gamble Company Article with soft nonwoven layer
US9320825B2 (en) 2012-09-26 2016-04-26 The Procter & Gamble Company Liquid-activated formulation with permanent colorant
JP6104551B2 (en) * 2012-09-28 2017-03-29 ユニ・チャーム株式会社 The absorbent article
JP6062199B2 (en) * 2012-09-28 2017-01-18 ユニ・チャーム株式会社 The absorbent article
JP6021565B2 (en) 2012-09-28 2016-11-09 ユニ・チャーム株式会社 The absorbent article
JP5998000B2 (en) * 2012-09-30 2016-09-28 ユニ・チャーム株式会社 Nonwoven and an absorbent article
JP5885633B2 (en) * 2012-09-30 2016-03-15 ユニ・チャーム株式会社 The absorbent article
JP6004878B2 (en) * 2012-10-03 2016-10-12 ユニ・チャーム株式会社 The absorbent article
US9717741B2 (en) 2012-10-11 2017-08-01 Anaplasi Pharmaceuticals Llc Method and compositions for treating psoriasis
EP3305299A1 (en) 2012-10-11 2018-04-11 Anaplasi Pharmaceuticals LLC Method and compositions for treating psoriasis
CN104736112A (en) 2012-10-23 2015-06-24 宝洁公司 Methods for transferring discrete articles onto a web
DE202013012607U1 (en) 2012-11-13 2017-11-19 The Procter & Gamble Company An absorbent article having channels, and signals
PL2740449T3 (en) 2012-12-10 2019-07-31 The Procter & Gamble Company Absorbent article with high absorbent material content
DE202012013571U1 (en) 2012-12-10 2017-12-06 The Procter & Gamble Company Absorbing particles with high absorbent material content
EP2740454B1 (en) 2012-12-10 2019-06-12 The Procter and Gamble Company Absorbent article with profiled acquisition-distribution system
US9216118B2 (en) 2012-12-10 2015-12-22 The Procter & Gamble Company Absorbent articles with channels and/or pockets
EP2740450A1 (en) 2012-12-10 2014-06-11 The Procter and Gamble Company Absorbent core with high superabsorbent material content
US9216116B2 (en) 2012-12-10 2015-12-22 The Procter & Gamble Company Absorbent articles with channels
EP2740452A1 (en) 2012-12-10 2014-06-11 The Procter and Gamble Company Absorbent article with high absorbent material content
DE202012013572U1 (en) 2012-12-10 2017-12-05 The Procter & Gamble Company An absorbent article having a high absorption material content
US8979815B2 (en) 2012-12-10 2015-03-17 The Procter & Gamble Company Absorbent articles with channels
US9701510B2 (en) 2013-01-31 2017-07-11 The Procter & Gamble Company One-way projection snare apparatus and method for isolating a broken elastic strand
WO2014126693A1 (en) 2013-02-13 2014-08-21 The Procter & Gamble Company One-way snare apparatus for isolating a broken elastic strand
US8858213B2 (en) 2013-02-22 2014-10-14 The Procter & Gamble Company Equipment and processes for the application of atomized fluid to a web substrate
US10060062B2 (en) 2013-02-22 2018-08-28 The Procter & Gamble Company Equipment and processes for the application of atomized fluid to a web substrate
US9060905B2 (en) 2013-03-08 2015-06-23 The Procter & Gamble Company Wearable absorbent articles
US9078789B2 (en) 2013-03-08 2015-07-14 The Procter & Gamble Company Outer covers and disposable absorbent inserts for pants
US8926579B2 (en) 2013-03-08 2015-01-06 The Procter & Gamble Company Fastening zone configurations for outer covers of absorbent articles
US8936586B2 (en) 2013-03-08 2015-01-20 The Procter & Gamble Company Ergonomic grasping aids for reusable pull-on outer covers
US9610203B2 (en) 2013-03-22 2017-04-04 The Procter & Gamble Company Disposable absorbent articles
CN105073079B (en) 2013-04-08 2019-02-12 宝洁公司 Absorbent article with barrier leg cuff
US9861533B2 (en) 2013-05-08 2018-01-09 The Procter & Gamble Company Apertured nonwoven materials and methods for forming the same
EP3284450A1 (en) 2013-06-14 2018-02-21 The Procter & Gamble Company Absorbent article and absorbent core forming channels when wet
US9987176B2 (en) 2013-08-27 2018-06-05 The Procter & Gamble Company Absorbent articles with channels
CN105473113B (en) 2013-08-27 2019-03-08 宝洁公司 Absorbent article with channel
RU2636366C2 (en) 2013-09-16 2017-11-22 Дзе Проктер Энд Гэмбл Компани Absorbing products with channels and indicating elements
EP2851048B1 (en) 2013-09-19 2018-09-05 The Procter and Gamble Company Absorbent cores having material free areas
US9463942B2 (en) 2013-09-24 2016-10-11 The Procter & Gamble Company Apparatus for positioning an advancing web
EP3049038A1 (en) 2013-09-27 2016-08-03 The Procter and Gamble Company Apparatus and method for isolating a broken elastic strand
US9204706B1 (en) 2013-10-03 2015-12-08 Shane R. Applebee Disposable body lotion applicator
CN105705122B (en) 2013-11-05 2019-07-19 宝洁公司 Absorbent article with waistband
CN105705120A (en) 2013-11-05 2016-06-22 宝洁公司 Absorbent article with waistband
WO2015069706A1 (en) 2013-11-05 2015-05-14 The Procter & Gamble Company Absorbent article with waistband
US9789009B2 (en) 2013-12-19 2017-10-17 The Procter & Gamble Company Absorbent articles having channel-forming areas and wetness indicator
EP2886094B1 (en) 2013-12-19 2016-09-21 The Procter and Gamble Company Absorbent structures and cores with efficient immobilization of absorbent material
US20150174281A1 (en) 2013-12-19 2015-06-25 The Procter & Gamble Company Hot melt adhesive
EP2886092B1 (en) 2013-12-19 2016-09-14 The Procter and Gamble Company Absorbent cores having channel-forming areas and c-wrap seals
EP3096840A1 (en) 2014-01-24 2016-11-30 The Procter and Gamble Company Disposable absorbent articles comprising skin health composition(s) and related methods
WO2015112690A1 (en) 2014-01-24 2015-07-30 The Procter & Gamble Company Fibrous structures comprising a surface care composition and a bacteriophage
US10271997B2 (en) * 2014-04-08 2019-04-30 The Procter & Gamble Company Absorbent articles having substrates having zonal treatments
WO2016036423A2 (en) 2014-04-23 2016-03-10 The Procter & Gamble Company Compositions for deposition on biological surfaces
US20150320614A1 (en) 2014-05-08 2015-11-12 The Procter & Gamble Company Length-to-side silhouettes of adult disposable absorbent articles and arrays
WO2015171382A1 (en) 2014-05-08 2015-11-12 The Procter & Gamble Company Waist to side silhouettes of adult disposable absorbent articles and arrays
EP3139883A1 (en) 2014-05-08 2017-03-15 The Procter and Gamble Company Hip to side silhouettes of adult disposable absorbent articles and arrays
EP2949302B1 (en) 2014-05-27 2018-04-18 The Procter and Gamble Company Absorbent core with curved channel-forming areas
EP2949301B1 (en) 2014-05-27 2018-04-18 The Procter and Gamble Company Absorbent core with curved and straight absorbent material areas
ES2643577T3 (en) 2014-05-27 2017-11-23 The Procter & Gamble Company design absorbent core with absorbent material
EP2949300B1 (en) 2014-05-27 2017-08-02 The Procter and Gamble Company Absorbent core with absorbent material pattern
US9259911B2 (en) 2014-05-30 2016-02-16 The Procter & Gamble Company Customizable apparatus and method for transporting and depositing fluids
US9492835B2 (en) 2014-05-30 2016-11-15 The Procter & Gamble Company Customizable apparatus and method for transporting and depositing fluids
US9937704B2 (en) 2014-05-30 2018-04-10 The Procter & Gamble Company Method for making a customizable apparatus for transporting and depositing fluids
EP3148806B1 (en) 2014-05-30 2019-04-10 The Procter and Gamble Company Customizable apparatus and method for transporting and depositing fluids
US9724908B2 (en) 2014-05-30 2017-08-08 The Procter & Gamble Company Customizable apparatus and method for printing fluids
US9724907B2 (en) 2014-05-30 2017-08-08 The Procter & Gamble Company Customizable apparatus and method for printing fluids
US9694379B2 (en) 2014-05-30 2017-07-04 The Procter & Gamble Company Customizable apparatus and method for transporting and depositing fluids
US9694380B2 (en) 2014-05-30 2017-07-04 The Procter & Gamble Company Customizable apparatus and method for transporting and depositing fluids
JP6418793B2 (en) * 2014-06-06 2018-11-07 ユニ・チャーム株式会社 Absorbent articles
JP6415119B2 (en) 2014-06-06 2018-10-31 ユニ・チャーム株式会社 Absorbent articles
US9580845B2 (en) 2014-06-09 2017-02-28 The Procter & Gamble Company Nonwoven substrate comprising fibers comprising an engineering thermoplastic polymer
JP5677611B1 (en) * 2014-06-30 2015-02-25 ユニ・チャーム株式会社 The absorbent article
EP3177250A1 (en) 2014-08-07 2017-06-14 The Procter and Gamble Company Wetness indicator with permanent colorant
WO2016029369A1 (en) 2014-08-27 2016-03-03 The Procter & Gamble Company Absorbent article with leg cuffs
EP2995321B1 (en) 2014-09-15 2017-07-26 Procter & Gamble International Operations SA A consumer goods product comprising chitin nanofibrils, lignin and a polymer or co-polymer
US10034801B2 (en) 2014-10-03 2018-07-31 The Procter & Gamble Company Adult disposable absorbent articles and arrays comprising improved product lengths
CN106999325A (en) 2014-10-09 2017-08-01 宝洁公司 Length-to-side and hip-to-waist silhouettes of adult disposable absorbent articles and arrays
CN107072842A (en) 2014-10-09 2017-08-18 宝洁公司 Adult disposable absorbent articles and arrays of said articles comprising improved designs
US10285876B2 (en) 2014-10-24 2019-05-14 The Procter & Gamble Company Absorbent article with core-to-backsheet glue pattern comprising two glues
WO2016073713A1 (en) 2014-11-06 2016-05-12 The Procter & Gamble Company Crimped fiber spunbond nonwoven webs / laminates
EP3215089B1 (en) 2014-11-06 2018-08-22 The Procter and Gamble Company Methods for making patterned apertured webs
US20160128874A1 (en) 2014-11-07 2016-05-12 The Procter & Gamble Company Process and Apparatus for Manufacturing an Absorbent Article Using a Laser Source
CN107106370A (en) 2015-01-16 2017-08-29 宝洁公司 Adult disposable absorbent articles and arrays of said articles comprising absorbent cores having channels
EP3058910B1 (en) 2015-02-17 2019-04-10 The Procter and Gamble Company Absorbent articles forming a three-dimensional basin
EP3058913B1 (en) 2015-02-17 2018-07-25 The Procter and Gamble Company Absorbent articles forming a three-dimensional basin
EP3058912B1 (en) 2015-02-17 2018-11-07 The Procter and Gamble Company Absorbent articles forming a three-dimensional basin
EP3058911B1 (en) 2015-02-17 2018-11-07 The Procter and Gamble Company Absorbent articles forming a three-dimensional basin
EP3058918B1 (en) 2015-02-17 2019-04-17 The Procter and Gamble Company Absorbent articles forming a three-dimensional basin
EP3058916B1 (en) 2015-02-17 2018-01-31 The Procter and Gamble Company Package for absorbent articles forming a three-dimensional basin
EP3058915B1 (en) 2015-02-17 2018-11-07 The Procter and Gamble Company Absorbent cores for absorbent articles
EP3058914B1 (en) 2015-02-17 2018-01-17 The Procter and Gamble Company Absorbent articles and absorbent cores forming a three-dimensional basin
WO2016149252A1 (en) 2015-03-16 2016-09-22 The Procter & Gamble Company Absorbent articles with improved strength
US10322040B2 (en) 2015-03-16 2019-06-18 The Procter & Gamble Company Absorbent articles with improved cores
JP2018512212A (en) 2015-03-18 2018-05-17 ザ プロクター アンド ギャンブル カンパニー Absorbent article comprising a waist gasket elements and leg cuffs
CA2980146A1 (en) 2015-03-18 2016-09-22 The Procter & Gamble Company Absorbent article with waist gasketing element and leg cuffs
WO2016149602A1 (en) 2015-03-18 2016-09-22 The Procter & Gamble Company Absorbent article with waist gasketing element and leg cuffs
JP2018511385A (en) 2015-03-18 2018-04-26 ザ プロクター アンド ギャンブル カンパニー The absorbent article comprising a leg cuffs
CN107405226A (en) 2015-03-18 2017-11-28 宝洁公司 Absorbent article with leg cuffs
CN107427403A (en) 2015-03-18 2017-12-01 宝洁公司 Absorbent article with waist gasketing element and leg cuffs
JP2018511395A (en) 2015-03-18 2018-04-26 ザ プロクター アンド ギャンブル カンパニー The absorbent article comprising a leg cuffs
WO2016149589A1 (en) 2015-03-18 2016-09-22 The Procter & Gamble Company Absorbent article with leg cuffs
WO2016149603A1 (en) 2015-03-18 2016-09-22 The Procter & Gamble Company Absorbent article with waist gasketing element and leg cuffs
CN107405233A (en) 2015-03-20 2017-11-28 宝洁公司 Disposable absorbent articles and arrays of said articles comprising visual characteristics
US20160302976A1 (en) 2015-04-14 2016-10-20 The Procter & Gamble Company Methods for Making Absorbent Articles with a Design Having a Discontinuous Region between Two Components Arranged to Provide a Contiguous Appearance
US20160317354A1 (en) 2015-04-28 2016-11-03 The Procter & Gamble Company Heterogeneous Foam Materials Having a Graphic Printed Thereon
CA2985807A1 (en) 2015-05-12 2016-11-17 The Procter & Gamble Company Absorbent article with improved core-to-backsheet adhesive
EP3238681A1 (en) * 2015-05-28 2017-11-01 The Procter & Gamble Company A method of manufacturing and marketing customized absorbent hygiene articles
EP3302384B1 (en) 2015-06-02 2019-08-14 The Procter and Gamble Company Process and apparatus for manufacturing an absorbent article using a laser source
US9737442B2 (en) 2015-06-02 2017-08-22 The Procter & Gamble Company Method and apparatus for applying elastic parts under tension to an advancing carrier
US9511951B1 (en) 2015-06-23 2016-12-06 The Procter & Gamble Company Methods for transferring discrete articles
US9511952B1 (en) 2015-06-23 2016-12-06 The Procter & Gamble Company Methods for transferring discrete articles
CN107787212A (en) 2015-06-25 2018-03-09 宝洁公司 Adult disposable absorbent articles and arrays of said articles comprising improved capacity profiles
WO2017004045A1 (en) 2015-06-29 2017-01-05 The Procter & Gamble Company Customizable apparatus and method for transporting and depositing fluids
JP2018519078A (en) 2015-06-30 2018-07-19 ザ プロクター アンド ギャンブル カンパニー Chassis design for an absorbent article
CN107820419A (en) 2015-06-30 2018-03-20 宝洁公司 Absorbent article with elasticized waist region
JP6029715B1 (en) * 2015-06-30 2016-11-24 ユニ・チャーム株式会社 Topsheet for an absorbent article, and an absorbent article using the same
WO2017003739A1 (en) 2015-06-30 2017-01-05 The Procter & Gamble Company Absorbent article with elasticized region
US20170000656A1 (en) 2015-06-30 2017-01-05 The Procter & Gamble Company Absorbent article with elasticized region
JP2018523021A (en) 2015-07-13 2018-08-16 アビンティブ・スペシャルティ・マテリアルズ・インコーポレイテッドAVINTIV Specialty Materials Inc. And nonwoven having an affinity to the active ingredient
WO2017027683A1 (en) 2015-08-13 2017-02-16 The Procter & Gamble Company Belted structure with graphics
US20170056257A1 (en) 2015-08-27 2017-03-02 The Procter & Gamble Company Belted structure
CN108024879A (en) 2015-09-18 2018-05-11 宝洁公司 Absorbent articles comprising substantially identical belt flaps
US10206823B2 (en) 2015-10-06 2019-02-19 The Procter & Gamble Company Disposable diaper with convenient lay-open features
US10292874B2 (en) 2015-10-20 2019-05-21 The Procter & Gamble Company Dual-mode high-waist foldover disposable absorbent pant
US20170105881A1 (en) 2015-10-20 2017-04-20 The Procter & Gamble Company Absorbent article having an outer blouse layer
US20170128274A1 (en) 2015-11-11 2017-05-11 The Procter & Gamble Company Methods and Apparatuses for Registering Substrates in Absorbent Article Converting Lines
WO2017095624A1 (en) 2015-12-01 2017-06-08 The Procter & Gamble Company Method for moving and/or transferring multiple discrete articles
EP3175832A1 (en) 2015-12-02 2017-06-07 The Procter and Gamble Company Absorbent article with improved core
CN108472182A (en) 2015-12-15 2018-08-31 宝洁公司 Belted structure with tackifier-free adhesive
EP3389581A2 (en) 2015-12-15 2018-10-24 The Procter and Gamble Company Leg gasketing cuff with tackifier-free adhesive
JP2019500935A (en) 2015-12-15 2019-01-17 ザ プロクター アンド ギャンブル カンパニー Absorbent core with adhesive free of tackifier
WO2017132119A1 (en) 2016-01-26 2017-08-03 The Procter & Gamble Company Absorbent cores with high molecular weight superabsorbent immobilizer
US20170227462A1 (en) 2016-02-05 2017-08-10 The Procter & Gamble Company Method and Apparatus for Detecting Holes in Substrates In Absorbent Article Converting Lines
US9944073B2 (en) 2016-02-10 2018-04-17 The Procter & Gamble Company Method and apparatus for inkjet printing absorbent article components at desired print resolutions
EP3205318A1 (en) 2016-02-11 2017-08-16 The Procter and Gamble Company Absorbent article with high absorbent capacity
EP3429524A1 (en) 2016-03-15 2019-01-23 The Procter and Gamble Company Methods and apparatuses for separating and positioning discrete articles
WO2017160899A1 (en) 2016-03-15 2017-09-21 The Procter & Gamble Company Method and apparatus for manufacturing an absorbent article including an ultra short pulse laser source
WO2017160901A1 (en) 2016-03-15 2017-09-21 The Procter & Gamble Company Method and apparatus for manufacturing an absorbent article including an ultra short pulse laser source
EP3429526A1 (en) 2016-03-15 2019-01-23 The Procter and Gamble Company Method and apparatus for manufacturing an absorbent article including an ultra short pulse laser source
US20170296399A1 (en) 2016-04-18 2017-10-19 The Procter & Gamble Company Elastomeric laminate with activation thickness
US10137674B2 (en) 2016-04-18 2018-11-27 The Procter & Gamble Company Elastomeric laminate with activation thickness
EP3238677A1 (en) 2016-04-29 2017-11-01 The Procter and Gamble Company Absorbent core with profiled distribution of absorbent material
EP3238676B1 (en) 2016-04-29 2019-01-02 The Procter and Gamble Company Absorbent core with profiled distribution of absorbent material
EP3238678B1 (en) 2016-04-29 2019-02-27 The Procter and Gamble Company Absorbent core with transversal folding lines
EP3238679B1 (en) 2016-04-29 2019-08-07 The Procter and Gamble Company Absorbent article with a distribution layer comprising channels
US20170333258A1 (en) 2016-05-19 2017-11-23 The Procter & Gamble Company Method and apparatus for circularly polarized microwave product treatment
WO2017201402A1 (en) 2016-05-20 2017-11-23 The Procter & Gamble Company Absorbent article having waist gasketing element
US20170333262A1 (en) 2016-05-20 2017-11-23 The Procter & Gamble Company Absorbent article having waist gasketing element
EP3251648A1 (en) 2016-05-31 2017-12-06 The Procter and Gamble Company Absorbent article with improved fluid distribution
EP3481353A1 (en) 2016-07-05 2019-05-15 The Procter and Gamble Company Absorbent core having tube-shaped swelling chamber
US20180008487A1 (en) 2016-07-05 2018-01-11 The Procter & Gamble Company Absorbent core having funnel-shaped swelling chamber
US20180008485A1 (en) 2016-07-05 2018-01-11 The Procter & Gamble Company Absorbent core exhibiting material movement
EP3278782A1 (en) 2016-08-02 2018-02-07 The Procter and Gamble Company Absorbent article with improved fluid storage
WO2018031842A1 (en) 2016-08-12 2018-02-15 The Procter & Gamble Company Absorbent article with ear portion
WO2018089088A1 (en) 2016-11-09 2018-05-17 The Procter & Gamble Company Array of absorbent articles with ear portions
EP3496691A1 (en) 2016-08-12 2019-06-19 The Procter and Gamble Company Absorbent article with an ear portion
EP3496690A1 (en) 2016-08-12 2019-06-19 The Procter and Gamble Company Method and apparatus for assembling absorbent articles
EP3519197A1 (en) 2016-10-03 2019-08-07 The Procter and Gamble Company Method and apparatus for inkjet printing nonwoven absorbent article components
EP3315106B1 (en) 2016-10-31 2019-08-07 The Procter and Gamble Company Absorbent article with an intermediate layer comprising channels and back pocket
US20180168873A1 (en) 2016-12-16 2018-06-21 The Procter & Gamble Company Article comprising energy curable ink
WO2018118614A1 (en) 2016-12-19 2018-06-28 The Procter & Gamble Company Absorbent article with absorbent core
WO2019046363A1 (en) 2017-09-01 2019-03-07 The Procter & Gamble Company Methods and apparatuses for making elastomeric laminates
WO2018118414A1 (en) 2016-12-20 2018-06-28 The Procter & Gamble Company Methods and apparatuses for making elastomeric laminates with elastic strands provided with a spin finish
WO2018136391A1 (en) 2017-01-18 2018-07-26 The Procter & Gamble Company Method and apparatus for weighted random pattern printing on absorbent article components
WO2018164865A1 (en) 2017-03-07 2018-09-13 The Procter & Gamble Company Method for curing inks printed on heat sensitive absorbent article components
WO2018164864A1 (en) 2017-03-07 2018-09-13 The Procter & Gamble Company Method and apparatus for curing inks printed on fibrous absorbent article components
US20180263832A1 (en) 2017-03-17 2018-09-20 The Procter & Gamble Company Article comprising embedded code
US20180271716A1 (en) 2017-03-27 2018-09-27 The Procter & Gamble Company Elastomeric laminate with soft noncrimped spunbond fiber webs
WO2018213225A1 (en) 2017-05-17 2018-11-22 The Procter & Gamble Company Method and apparatus for drying inks printed on heat sensitive absorbent article components
EP3406233A1 (en) 2017-05-24 2018-11-28 The Procter and Gamble Company Absorbent article with raisable topsheet
EP3406235A1 (en) 2017-05-24 2018-11-28 The Procter and Gamble Company Absorbent article with raisable topsheet
US20180338870A1 (en) 2017-05-24 2018-11-29 The Procter & Gamble Company Absorbent article with raisable topsheet
EP3406234A1 (en) 2017-05-24 2018-11-28 The Procter and Gamble Company Absorbent article with raisable topsheet
US20180362266A1 (en) 2017-06-16 2018-12-20 The Procter & Gamble Company Methods for transferring discrete articles
US20190000687A1 (en) 2017-06-30 2019-01-03 The Procter & Gamble Company Absorbent article with a lotioned topsheet
US20190029894A1 (en) 2017-06-30 2019-01-31 The Procter & Gamble Company Length-to-side silhouettes for boxer brief/boyshort type disposable absorbent articles and arrays
US20190000682A1 (en) 2017-06-30 2019-01-03 The Procter & Gamble Company Hip-to-side and waist-to-side silhouettes for bikini/ low rise brief type disposable absorbent articles and arrays
US20190000683A1 (en) 2017-06-30 2019-01-03 The Procter & Gamble Company Length-to-side silhouettes for bikini/low rise brief type disposable absorbent articles and arrays
US20190000684A1 (en) 2017-06-30 2019-01-03 The Procter & Gamble Company Length-to-hip and length-to-waist silhouettes of disposable absorbent articles and arrays
WO2019006294A1 (en) 2017-06-30 2019-01-03 The Procter & Gamble Company Hip-to-side silhouettes for boxer brief type disposable absorbent articles and arrays
US10369809B2 (en) 2017-09-29 2019-08-06 Tue Procter & Gamble Company Method and apparatus for digitally printing absorbent article components
EP3473223A1 (en) 2017-10-23 2019-04-24 The Procter & Gamble Company Absorbent articles with different types of channels
EP3473222A1 (en) 2017-10-23 2019-04-24 The Procter & Gamble Company Absorbent articles with different types of channels
EP3473224A1 (en) 2017-10-23 2019-04-24 The Procter & Gamble Company Absorbent articles with different types of channels
DE202017006014U1 (en) 2017-11-21 2018-01-14 The Procter & Gamble Company An absorbent article having pockets
DE202017006016U1 (en) 2017-11-21 2017-12-01 The Procter & Gamble Company An absorbent article having channels
WO2019113264A1 (en) 2017-12-07 2019-06-13 The Procter & Gamble Company Flexible bonding

Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4695278A (en) * 1985-10-11 1987-09-22 The Procter & Gamble Company Absorbent article having dual cuffs
US5783503A (en) * 1996-07-22 1998-07-21 Fiberweb North America, Inc. Meltspun multicomponent thermoplastic continuous filaments, products made therefrom, and methods therefor
US6103647A (en) * 1996-03-14 2000-08-15 Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc. Nonwoven fabric laminate with good conformability
US6120783A (en) * 1997-10-31 2000-09-19 The Procter & Gamble Company Web materials with two or more skin care compositions disposed thereon and articles made therefrom

Family Cites Families (73)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2804424A (en) 1951-04-24 1957-08-27 American Cyanamid Co Method of preparing a tetracycline type antibiotic-containing wound dressing
US3490454A (en) * 1966-10-21 1970-01-20 United Merchants & Mfg Catamenial products having a coating of rupturable microcapsules containing medicants
US3489148A (en) * 1966-12-20 1970-01-13 Procter & Gamble Topsheet for disposable diapers
US3464413A (en) 1967-05-26 1969-09-02 United Merchants & Mfg Medical bandages
US3490459A (en) 1967-08-02 1970-01-20 Malcolm C Story Combination garment
US3585998A (en) * 1968-03-29 1971-06-22 Ncr Co Disposable diaper with rupturable capsules
US3567820A (en) * 1969-04-09 1971-03-02 George S Sperti Compositions and treatment for the alleviation of diaper rash
US3920015A (en) 1972-09-12 1975-11-18 Allied Chem Diaper resistant to ammonia odor formation
US3875942A (en) * 1972-11-29 1975-04-08 Colgate Palmolive Co Diaper containing powder having properties beneficial to skin
US4034077A (en) 1973-01-02 1977-07-05 E. R. Squibb & Sons, Inc. Ointments and powders containing sebacic acid
US3860003B2 (en) 1973-11-21 1990-06-19 Contractable side portions for disposable diaper
US3902493A (en) 1974-05-13 1975-09-02 Procter & Gamble Medicated catamenial tampon
US3896807A (en) * 1974-06-13 1975-07-29 Gilbert Buchalter Article impregnated with skin-care formulations
US4112167A (en) 1977-01-07 1978-09-05 The Procter & Gamble Company Skin cleansing product having low density wiping zone treated with a lipophilic cleansing emollient
GB2033751A (en) 1978-11-13 1980-05-29 Johnson & Johnson Nappy Liner
US4263363A (en) * 1979-12-20 1981-04-21 Colgate-Palmolive Company Emulsion-containing absorbent article having improved water holding capacity
US4324247A (en) 1980-05-12 1982-04-13 The Procter & Gamble Company Disposable absorbent article having an absorbent core and a topsheet
JPH0337522B2 (en) * 1982-09-30 1991-06-05 Japan Vilene Co Ltd
US4900317A (en) * 1982-11-15 1990-02-13 The Procter & Gamble Company Disposable garment with breathable leg cuffs
US4556560A (en) * 1983-01-24 1985-12-03 The Procter & Gamble Company Methods for the treatment and prophylaxis of diaper rash and diaper dermatitis
DE3309530C1 (en) * 1983-03-17 1984-10-25 Schickedanz Ver Papierwerk Hygienic absorption pad
US4513051A (en) 1984-01-05 1985-04-23 The Procter & Gamble Company Tissue paper product
JPS6128078A (en) * 1984-07-13 1986-02-07 Airin Kk Paper cloth processed product coated with striped bamboo, addlau and other plant extract
EP0176984B1 (en) * 1984-09-27 1990-08-29 Herman Ferdinand Kamp Therapeutic dressing and method for manufacturing said dressing
EP0191128A1 (en) * 1985-02-14 1986-08-20 TERAD International, Inc. Topical preparations for human skin irratations
IL75189A (en) * 1985-05-14 1988-01-31 Arie Brecher Medicated diaper
PH26954A (en) 1985-05-15 1992-12-03 Procter & Gamble Disposable absorbent articles
US4623339A (en) * 1985-08-15 1986-11-18 Joann Ciraldo Precious baby diaper
US4666765A (en) * 1985-10-02 1987-05-19 Caldwell James M Silicone coated fabric
DE3666140D1 (en) 1986-01-31 1989-11-16 Uni Charm Corp Facing for absorptive articles and process for making it
EP0236016A3 (en) * 1986-02-28 1989-02-08 Aprica Kassai Kabushikikaisha Disposable diaper
GB8620227D0 (en) 1986-08-20 1986-10-01 Smith & Nephew Ass Wound dressing
JPH0476389B2 (en) * 1987-03-24 1992-12-03 Shinetsu Chem Ind Co
AU1834188A (en) 1987-06-29 1989-01-05 Kendall Company, The Novel medicated dressings
US4902553A (en) 1987-12-04 1990-02-20 Minnesota Mining And Manufacturing Company Disposable products
US5043155A (en) 1988-02-10 1991-08-27 Richardson-Vicks Inc. Emulsifying compositions including amphipathic emulsifying agents
US4882204A (en) 1988-05-05 1989-11-21 Harvey Tenenbaum Diaper spray
US5264460A (en) * 1988-05-30 1993-11-23 Deutsche Solvay-Werke Gmbh Process for preparing nonionic surfactants
JPH0231756A (en) * 1988-07-22 1990-02-01 Kiyoko Iwasaki Article for preventing adhesion of stool to hip
US4996238A (en) 1988-09-16 1991-02-26 Neutrogena Corporation Method of treating diaper rash
US4904524A (en) 1988-10-18 1990-02-27 Scott Paper Company Wet wipes
US4959059A (en) * 1989-01-17 1990-09-25 Senecare Enterprises, Inc. Low friction multilayer pad
CA2019557A1 (en) * 1989-06-22 1990-12-22 Mohan Vishnpad Cosmetic article
US5124188A (en) 1990-04-02 1992-06-23 The Procter & Gamble Company Porous, absorbent, polymeric macrostructures and methods of making the same
US5415649A (en) * 1990-10-31 1995-05-16 Kao Corporation Disposable diapers
IL96292D0 (en) * 1990-11-09 1991-08-16 American Israeli Paper Mills Disposable diapers
US5370132A (en) 1990-11-20 1994-12-06 Kimberly-Clark Corporation Repellent-treated, barrier-coated nonwoven web
ZA9200308B (en) 1991-09-11 1992-10-28 Kimberly Clark Co Thin absorbent article having rapid uptake of liquid
US5321098A (en) * 1991-10-04 1994-06-14 The Lubrizol Corporation Composition and polymer fabrics treated with the same
US5409903A (en) 1992-02-18 1995-04-25 Urecap Corporation Method and compositions for the treatment of H. pylori and dermatitis
JP3183938B2 (en) * 1992-04-08 2001-07-09 花王株式会社 The absorbent article
US5436007A (en) 1992-10-23 1995-07-25 Abbott Laboratories Diaper rash lotion
SG64914A1 (en) 1993-06-30 1999-05-25 Procter & Gamble Absorbent core having improved fluid handling properties
WO1995016824A1 (en) * 1993-12-13 1995-06-22 The Procter & Gamble Company Lotion composition for imparting soft, lubricious feel to tissue paper
US5354425A (en) * 1993-12-13 1994-10-11 The Procter & Gamble Company Tissue paper treated with polyhydroxy fatty acid amide softener systems that are biodegradable
US5558655A (en) 1994-05-03 1996-09-24 Confab, Inc. Absorbent article with dry surface composite construction
CA2192179C (en) * 1994-06-17 2002-04-23 Thomas James Klofta Lotioned tissue paper
AU2172795A (en) * 1994-06-24 1996-01-11 Mcneil-Ppc, Inc. Method of reducing the coefficient of friction of absorbent products and wax coated products produced thereby
CA2198475A1 (en) * 1994-08-26 1996-03-07 Timothy John Fowler Personal cleansing compositions
US5643588A (en) * 1994-11-28 1997-07-01 The Procter & Gamble Company Diaper having a lotioned topsheet
US6120488A (en) 1994-11-28 2000-09-19 The Procter & Gamble Company Absorbent articles having cuffs and topsheet with skin care composition(s) disposed thereon
US6166285A (en) 1994-11-28 2000-12-26 The Procter & Gamble Company Absorbent articles having cuffs with skin care composition disposed thereon
US5635191A (en) * 1994-11-28 1997-06-03 The Procter & Gamble Company Diaper having a lotioned topsheet containing a polysiloxane emollient
US5607760A (en) * 1995-08-03 1997-03-04 The Procter & Gamble Company Disposable absorbent article having a lotioned topsheet containing an emollient and a polyol polyester immobilizing agent
US5609587A (en) * 1995-08-03 1997-03-11 The Procter & Gamble Company Diaper having a lotioned topsheet comprising a liquid polyol polyester emollient and an immobilizing agent
US6156024A (en) 1996-12-03 2000-12-05 The Procter & Gamble Company Absorbent articles having lotioned leg cuffs
US5871763A (en) * 1997-04-24 1999-02-16 Fort James Corporation Substrate treated with lotion
US5938649A (en) * 1997-05-09 1999-08-17 Drypers Corporation Absorbent articles with improved rash-preventing properties
US6107537A (en) 1997-09-10 2000-08-22 The Procter & Gamble Company Disposable absorbent articles providing a skin condition benefit
US6217890B1 (en) 1998-08-25 2001-04-17 Susan Carol Paul Absorbent article which maintains or improves skin health
US6149934A (en) 1999-04-23 2000-11-21 Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc. Absorbent article having a lotionized bodyside liner
US6287581B1 (en) 1999-04-23 2001-09-11 Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc. Absorbent articles providing skin health benefits
US6153209A (en) 1999-09-28 2000-11-28 The Procter & Gamble Company Article having a transferable breathable skin care composition thereon

Patent Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4695278A (en) * 1985-10-11 1987-09-22 The Procter & Gamble Company Absorbent article having dual cuffs
US6103647A (en) * 1996-03-14 2000-08-15 Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc. Nonwoven fabric laminate with good conformability
US5783503A (en) * 1996-07-22 1998-07-21 Fiberweb North America, Inc. Meltspun multicomponent thermoplastic continuous filaments, products made therefrom, and methods therefor
US6120783A (en) * 1997-10-31 2000-09-19 The Procter & Gamble Company Web materials with two or more skin care compositions disposed thereon and articles made therefrom

Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US8865965B2 (en) 2009-11-24 2014-10-21 Kao Corporation Absorbent article with high and low density portions and skin care agent thereon
US20120310192A1 (en) * 2009-12-24 2012-12-06 Miou Suzuki Excretion detection device and absorbent article
US20120323194A1 (en) * 2010-01-19 2012-12-20 Miou Suzuki Excretion detection device and absorbent article
EP3154496A4 (en) * 2014-06-10 2017-11-15 Sca Hygiene Products AB Absorbent product comprising a microbe-inhibiting composition
WO2018004406A1 (en) * 2016-06-28 2018-01-04 Sca Hygiene Products Ab Intimate skin conditioner veil comprising a nonwoven material
RU2694284C1 (en) * 2016-06-28 2019-07-11 Эссити Хайджин Энд Хелт Актиеболаг Conditioning pad for intimate skin care containing non-woven material

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
HUT77662A (en) 1998-07-28
ZA9510061B (en) 1996-06-18
US5968025A (en) 1999-10-19
US20030167043A1 (en) 2003-09-04
TR199501494A2 (en) 1996-07-21
CA2205027A1 (en) 1996-06-06
TW299226B (en) 1997-03-01
CZ161197A3 (en) 1997-10-15
AU4135496A (en) 1996-06-19
CN1127987C (en) 2003-11-19
MX9703881A (en) 1997-08-30
CA2205027C (en) 2003-12-23
NO972394L (en) 1997-07-28
SA415B1 (en) 2005-09-19
JP2010063921A (en) 2010-03-25
EP0794804B1 (en) 2001-12-12
JPH10509896A (en) 1998-09-29
JP2002065727A (en) 2002-03-05
DE69524630T2 (en) 2002-08-08
JP2010075733A (en) 2010-04-08
HU226312B1 (en) 2008-08-28
US6118041A (en) 2000-09-12
CZ297874B6 (en) 2007-04-18
JP2004298643A (en) 2004-10-28
BR9509774A (en) 1997-11-04
JP4255883B2 (en) 2009-04-15
FI972237A0 (en) 1997-05-27
AR000203A1 (en) 1997-05-21
DE69524630D1 (en) 2002-01-24
WO1996016682A1 (en) 1996-06-06
MY114905A (en) 2003-02-28
US5643588A (en) 1997-07-01
JP4083395B2 (en) 2008-04-30
NO972394D0 (en) 1997-05-26
JP2010075732A (en) 2010-04-08
US6586652B1 (en) 2003-07-01
US6627787B1 (en) 2003-09-30
HK1005654A1 (en) 2002-10-11
JP2009137964A (en) 2009-06-25
CN1168638A (en) 1997-12-24
FI972237A (en) 1997-05-27
EP0794804A1 (en) 1997-09-17
JP3222470B2 (en) 2001-10-29
FI972237D0 (en)
PE1897A1 (en) 1997-02-12
US6825393B2 (en) 2004-11-30
ES2164783T3 (en) 2002-03-01

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
ES2243260T3 (en) absorbent article having a bodyside liner body provided with a treatment product.
EP1455722B1 (en) System for skin health of absorbent article wearers
CA2597848C (en) Sanitary napkins capable of taking complex three-dimensional shape in use
KR100598199B1 (en) Film-forming compositions for protecting skin from body fluids and articles made therefrom
US6503526B1 (en) Absorbent articles enhancing skin barrier function
US6749860B2 (en) Absorbent articles with non-aqueous compositions containing botanicals
CA2687416C (en) Use of a lotion composition on an absorbent article for reducing adherence of feces or menses to the skin
US20020128621A1 (en) Absorbent articles with simplified compositions having good stability
AU768087B2 (en) Skin-friendly absorbent articles and compositions
US20040175343A1 (en) Compositions for efficient release of active ingredients
EP1404278B1 (en) High amount of beneficial components in the top of a substrate
KR20010023825A (en) Disposable absorbent articles providing a skin condition benefit
US9486367B2 (en) Absorbent article with lotion comprising a polypropylene glycol material
CN101945674B (en) Absorbent article with lotion comprising polypropylene glycol material
US6534074B2 (en) Absorbent articles providing skin health benefits
US20050154362A1 (en) Sanitary napkins with hydrophobic lotion and apertured topsheet
CN1327906C (en) Absorbent article containing a skincare composition
CN101400329B (en) Absorbent articles with lotions
JP3805159B2 (en) Absorbent article containing the skin-protective ingredient
CA2302603C (en) Disposable absorbent articles providing a skin condition benefit
CN100438925C (en) Sanitary napkins with hydrophobic lotions
US6066673A (en) Enzyme inhibitors
EP1791574B1 (en) Absorbent articles comprising a bodily exudate modifying agent and a film-forming skin care formulation
EP1922090B1 (en) Sanitary napkins with hydrophobic lotions
JP2000512886A (en) The absorbent interlabial devices treated with a polysiloxane emollient

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
AS Assignment

Owner name: PROCTER & GAMBLE COMPANY, THE, OHIO

Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST;ASSIGNORS:YOUNG, TERRILL A.;WILKING, SUSAN L.;SCHULTE, THOMAS EDWARD;AND OTHERS;REEL/FRAME:020795/0891;SIGNING DATES FROM 19990923 TO 20071023

STCB Information on status: application discontinuation

Free format text: ABANDONED -- FAILURE TO RESPOND TO AN OFFICE ACTION