US20080287896A1 - Absorbent Article With Hydrophilic Lotion And High Barrier Cuffs - Google Patents

Absorbent Article With Hydrophilic Lotion And High Barrier Cuffs Download PDF

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Publication number
US20080287896A1
US20080287896A1 US11946631 US94663107A US20080287896A1 US 20080287896 A1 US20080287896 A1 US 20080287896A1 US 11946631 US11946631 US 11946631 US 94663107 A US94663107 A US 94663107A US 20080287896 A1 US20080287896 A1 US 20080287896A1
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Prior art keywords
absorbent
lotion
article
solid
comprise
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Abandoned
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US11946631
Inventor
Victor Nicholas Vega
Brandon Ellis Wise
Rodrigo Rosati
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Procter and Gamble Co
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Procter and Gamble Co
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61LMETHODS OR APPARATUS FOR STERILISING MATERIALS OR OBJECTS IN GENERAL; DISINFECTION, STERILISATION, OR DEODORISATION OF AIR; CHEMICAL ASPECTS OF BANDAGES, DRESSINGS, ABSORBENT PADS, OR SURGICAL ARTICLES; MATERIALS FOR BANDAGES, DRESSINGS, ABSORBENT PADS, OR SURGICAL ARTICLES
    • A61L15/00Chemical aspects of, or use of materials for, bandages, dressings or absorbent pads
    • A61L15/16Bandages, dressings or absorbent pads for physiological fluids such as urine or blood, e.g. sanitary towels, tampons
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61LMETHODS OR APPARATUS FOR STERILISING MATERIALS OR OBJECTS IN GENERAL; DISINFECTION, STERILISATION, OR DEODORISATION OF AIR; CHEMICAL ASPECTS OF BANDAGES, DRESSINGS, ABSORBENT PADS, OR SURGICAL ARTICLES; MATERIALS FOR BANDAGES, DRESSINGS, ABSORBENT PADS, OR SURGICAL ARTICLES
    • A61L15/00Chemical aspects of, or use of materials for, bandages, dressings or absorbent pads
    • A61L15/16Bandages, dressings or absorbent pads for physiological fluids such as urine or blood, e.g. sanitary towels, tampons
    • A61L15/42Use of materials characterised by their function or physical properties
    • A61L15/50Lubricants; Anti-adhesive agents

Abstract

This invention is directed to an absorbent article to be worn by a wearer comprising a topsheet, a backsheet, an absorbent core and a hydrophilic lotion to reduce the adherence of the menses or feces to the skin, thereby improving the ease of menses or bowl movement (BM) clean up; the absorbent article further comprises one or more cuffs to provide a high barrier to reduce leakage of liquids, such as urine.

Description

    FIELD OF THE INVENTION
  • [0001]
    This invention is directed to an absorbent article to be worn by a wearer comprising a topsheet, a backsheet, an absorbent core and a hydrophilic lotion to reduce the adherence of the menses or feces to the skin, thereby improving the ease of menses or bowl movement (BM) clean up; the absorbent article further comprises one or more barrier cuffs to provide a high barrier to reduce leakage of liquids, such as urine.
  • BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION
  • [0002]
    Disposable absorbent products, such as diapers and sanitary napkins, are known that have a topsheet comprising a lotion, to deliver skin benefits to the skin of the wearer and to sometimes improve the removal of feces or menses from the skin. In recent years the focus has been to deliver lotions to sanitary napkins and diapers that provide extra skin benefits, for example by addition of botanical ingredients or pharmaceutical ingredients to the lotions. Lotions of various types are known to provide various skin benefits, such as prevention or treatment of diaper rash. These lotions can be applied to the topsheet of absorbent articles, and can be transferred to the skin of the wearer during use. The addition of lotion to the topsheet of absorbent articles is also known to provide benefits such as easier BM clean up on the skin.
  • [0003]
    U.S. Pat. No. 5,968,025 to Roe et al., WO 97/05908, WO 97/05909 and US 2006/140924 describe absorbent articles having lotioned topsheets for reducing adherence of BM to the skin, wherein the lotion compositions are primarily hydrophobic. U.S. Pat. No. 3,489,148 to Duncan et al. teaches a diaper comprising a hydrophobic and oleophobic topsheet wherein a portion of the topsheet is coated with a discontinuous film of oleaginous material. However, in diapers disclosed in the Duncan et al. reference and other diapers treated with hydrophobic lotions, the hydrophobic and oleophobic topsheets are relatively slow in promoting transfer of urine to the underlying absorbent cores. Since the viscosity of BM and menses is higher then the viscosity of urine, the problems of slow transfer to the absorbent core is more profound. Accordingly, there is a continuing need for absorbent articles, such as diapers and catamenial devices having improved fluid handling such that more menses enter into and remain in the device, and less on the skin and hair of the wearer. WO 05/035013, WO 00/64500, WO 00/64501, U.S. Patent Application 2002-120241 and U.S. Pat. No. 6,756,520 describe absorbent articles with hydrophilic lotion compositions for various uses, such as improving moisturization or lubrication, for reducing abrasion of skin, for improving skin health, for enhancing the barrier function of the skin and for prevention and alleviation of skin irritations.
  • [0004]
    Despite all these benefits often an increase in leakage is observed when hydrophilic lotions are used in absorbent articles, such as diapers. Without being bound by theory, one conceivable reason for the increase in leakage may be the reduction of the surface tension of the fluid, which is urine in the case of diapers, wetting the absorbent article after contact with the lotion. Furthermore it is believed that during diaper wear, hydrophilic lotion may transfer for example from the topsheet to the skin of the wearer and then from skin to the cuffs. Another reason for the transfer of ingredients of the lotion to the cuffs may be that it is washed of from for example the topsheet by liquids such as urine. Lotion contamination of these cuffs may then result in a lower fluid barrier, due to either surface tension reduction of urine or increased wetting of the cuff due to the presence of hydrophilic lotion. In particular when surface active substances are present in such hydrophilic lotions, the reduction of the surface tension of the bodily fluid, e.g. urine, may be observed. Since both features, easy BM clean up on the one hand and as little leakage as possible on the other hand, are important to the convenience of an absorbent article the need for providing an absorbent article possessing these both benefits arises.
  • [0005]
    It is the aim of the present invention to provide an absorbent article having the benefits of the use of hydrophilic lotions, such as reducing the adherence of the menses or feces to the skin and thereby improving the ease of menses or bowel movement (BM) clean up, and reducing the tendency of leakage of liquid, such as urine.
  • [0006]
    It has now been found by the inventors that by using the herein described high barrier cuffs in combination with the herein described hydrophilic lotion in an absorbent article the lotion can be applied in an effective amount and leakage is reduced.
  • SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION
  • [0007]
    The present invention relates to an absorbent article to be worn by a wearer comprising a backsheet, a topsheet, an absorbent core, one or more cuffs and a lotion, wherein said lotion is a hydrophilic lotion, having a water solubility of at least about 40%, or at least about 50%, or at least about 60%, or at least about 70%. One or more cuffs have a hydrostatic head of at least about 30 mbar and/or a strike through time of at least about 600 seconds, or the cuffs comprise a material having said hydrostatic head and/or strike through values. The invention further relates to an absorbent article to be worn by a wearer comprising a backsheet, a topsheet, an absorbent core, one or more cuffs and a lotion, wherein said lotion comprises a first component which is liquid at about 25° C. and a second component which is solid at about 25° C.; said first component comprising one or more compounds selected from the group consisting of
  • [0000]
    (a) liquid polyethylene glycol;
    (b) liquid, polyhydric alcoholic solvents;
    (c) liquid fatty acid esters comprising at least one fatty acid unit and at least one ethylene glycol unit;
    and
    said second component comprising one or more compounds selected from the group consisting of
    (d) solid polyethylene glycol;
    (e) solid nonionic surfactants with HLB value of at least about 10;
    (f) solid fatty compounds selected from the group consisting of solid fatty acids, solid fatty soaps and solid fatty alcohols; and
    (g) ethoxylated natural oils and fats or propoxylated natural oils and fats, such as PEG-150 jojoba; and
    wherein said one or more cuffs comprise one or more nonwoven webs, each comprising one or more nonwoven layers; wherein said at least one nonwoven web either
    a) has a basis weight of at least about 19 g/m2; or
    b) comprise at least 4 layers.
  • DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE INVENTION
  • [0008]
    As used herein, the following terms have the following meanings:
  • [0009]
    Herein, “comprise” and “include” mean that other elements and/or other steps which do not affect the end result can be added. Each of these terms encompasses the terms “consisting of” and “consisting essentially of”.
  • [0010]
    Herein, “body facing surface” refers to surfaces of absorbent articles and/or their component materials which face the body of the wearer, while “garment facing surface” refers to the opposite surfaces of the absorbent articles and/or their component materials that face away from the wearer when the absorbent articles are worn. Absorbent articles and components thereof, including the topsheet, backsheet, absorbent core, and any individual layers of their component materials, may have a body facing surface and a garment facing surface.
  • [0011]
    Herein, “body” refers to outer layers formed by mammalian epidermal tissues including the skin and hair. The characteristics of the body tend to differ dramatically depending on the position, age, sex, and individual's nature. For example, the skin of babies and young children differs from the skin of adults, and the skin having hair differs from the non-haired skin.
  • [0012]
    As used herein “absorbent article” refers to devices which are intended to be placed against the skin of a wearer to absorb and contain the various exudates discharged from the body. Absorbent articles of the present invention include diapers, pant-like diapers and incontinence articles, and feminine hygiene articles.
  • [0013]
    As used herein “diaper” refers to an absorbent article generally worn by infants (e.g. babies or toddlers) about the lower torso of the wearer. Suitable diapers are disclosed in, e.g., U.S. Pat. No. 3,860,003 issued to Buell on Jan. 14, 1975; U.S. Pat. No. 5,151,092 issued to Buell et al. on Sep. 29, 1992; U.S. Pat. No. 5,221,274 issued to Buell et al. on Jun. 22, 1993; and U.S. Pat. No. 5,554,145 issued to Roe et al. on Sep. 10, 1996. As used herein the term “diaper” also comprises “pant-like diapers”: A pant-like diaper refers to an absorbent article having fixed sides and leg openings. Pant-like diapers are placed in position on the wearer by inserting the wearer's legs into the leg openings and sliding the pant-like diaper into position about the wearer's lower torso. Suitable pant-like diapers are disclosed in, e.g., U.S. Pat. No. 5,246,433, issued to Hasse, et al. on Sep. 21, 1993.
  • [0014]
    As used herein “incontinence article” refers to an absorbent article worn about the lower torso of the wearer, pads, undergarments, inserts for absorbent articles, capacity boosters for absorbent articles, briefs, bed pads, and the like worn by incontinent persons that are typically adults. Suitable incontinence articles are disclosed in, e.g., U.S. Pat. No. 4,253,461 issued to Strickland, et al. on Mar. 3, 1981; U.S. Pat. Nos. 4,597,760 and 4,597,761 issued to Buell; the above-mentioned U.S. Pat. No. 4,704,115; U.S. Pat. No. 4,909,802 issued to Ahr, et al.; U.S. Pat. No. 4,964,860 issued to Gipson, et al. on Oct. 23, 1990; and PCT Publication No. WO 92/11830 published by Noel, et al. on Jul. 23, 1992.
  • [0015]
    As used herein “disposable” is used to describe absorbent articles for single use, which are not intended to be laundered, restored or otherwise reused as an absorbent article after a single use.
  • [0016]
    The term “joined”, as used herein, encompasses configurations in which an element is directly secured to another element by affixing the element directly to the other element; configurations in which the element is indirectly secured to the other element by affixing the element to intermediate member(s) which in turn are affixed to the other element; and configurations in which one element is integral with another element, i.e., one element is essentially part of the other element.
  • [0017]
    The term “longitudinal”, as used herein, refers to a line, axis or direction in the plane of the absorbent article that is generally aligned with (e.g., approximately parallel to) a vertical plane which bisects a standing wearer into left and right body halves when the absorbent article is worn. The terms “transverse” or “lateral” as used herein, are interchangeable, and refer to a line, axis or direction which lies within the plane of the absorbent article that is generally perpendicular to the longitudinal direction.
  • [0018]
    As used herein, the terms “migrate”, “migration”, or “migrating” mean a lotion composition moves from one place to another place by way of movement on a material or permeation through an intervening material.
  • [0019]
    As used herein, the term “transfer” when used in the context of a lotion composition, refers to the lotion composition moving from one area of the absorbent article to the skin of the wearer or to another area on the absorbent article not by way of migration but by way of direct contact with the lotion composition, such as in a blotting effect.
  • [0020]
    “Applying” to a surface of an absorbent article such as the topsheet as used herein means that said surface, e.g. topsheet, comprises at least a partial layer of the lotion composition on at least part of one of its surface so that at least part of the lotion composition may contact the skin of the wearer in use. To allow contact with the skin, the body facing surface of the topsheet may be coated. The lotion composition may also penetrate partly or fully into the surface and may penetrate the respective absorbent article component to which it is applied, e.g. the topsheet.
  • [0021]
    The unit of all molecular weights given herein is Daltons.
  • [0022]
    As used herein, the term “particulate material” refers to a component of the lotion composition that is insoluble or non-molecularly dispersible or non-reactive biologically in the lotion composition prior to applying this lotion composition to the absorbent article and that remains in particulate form when applied to the absorbent article. It includes all type of particulate forms such as granules, beads, spheres, micro-spheres, powders, as known in the art.
  • [0023]
    The terms “reducing the adherence” and “anti-stick” are used synonymously. This means that less residual bowel movement remains on the skin when compared to an article without anti-stick lotion composition.
  • [0024]
    Herein, the terms “feces” and “bowl movement”, “BM” are used interchangeably.
  • [0025]
    Lotion Compositions of the Present Invention
  • [0026]
    The lotion composition of the present invention may comprise a hydrophilic lotion, having a water solubility of at least about 40% (determined according to the method as described herein).
  • [0027]
    The lotion composition may be flowable (e.g. liquid) at suitable process conditions, e.g. above about 50° C. or above about 60° C. or above about 80° C. or optionally above about 100° C., but solid or semi-solid at a temperature of about 25° C.
  • [0028]
    The lotion composition herein may provide additional skin care benefits. The lotion compositions of the present invention may be non-fluid, i.e. solid, or semisolid, at about 25° C., i.e. at ambient temperatures to minimize migration of the lotion composition. By “semisolid” is meant that the lotion composition has a rheology typical of pseudoplastic or plastic fluids. When no shear is applied, the lotion compositions can have the appearance of a solid but can be made to flow as the shear rate is increased. This may be due to the fact that, while the lotion composition contains a component being solid at about 25° C., it also includes a component being liquid at about 25° C. Each component may itself comprise one or more compounds. The lotion composition may have a final melting point (more than about 95% liquid) above potential “stressful” storage conditions that can be about 45° C. or greater. Semi-solid as used herein means that 1 g of the material, which is placed in the middle of a round glass plate having a diameter of 15 cm, does not run off a glass plate within 1 minute, when the glass plate is tilted at 45°, under conditions of 25° C. and 50% relative humidity. All components or compounds being either solid or at least semi-solid (according to the test-method described above) are herein referred to as “solid compound or solid component”. All components or compounds being not solid or at least semi-solid (according to the test-method described above) are herein referred to as “liquid compound or liquid component”.
  • [0029]
    In one embodiment, the lotion composition is such that about 3% to about 75% by weight is liquid at test temperature of about 20° C. In one embodiment the lotion according to present invention is such that about 10% to about 80% by weight, or about 20% to about 70% by weight, or about 30% to about 60% by weight, or about 40% to about 50% by weight is liquid at a test temperature of 25° C. From about 25% to about 75% or even from about 30% to about 80% can be liquid at body temperature of about 37° C. In one embodiment, at about 25° C. the total amount of liquid compounds is higher than the total amount of solid compounds, e.g. the amount of liquids is above about 50 wt. % or at least about 55 wt. % or at least about 60 wt. %. When applied to the absorbent article, the lotion compositions of the present invention are transferable to the wearer's skin by normal contact, wearer motion (thus creating friction), and/or body heat.
  • [0030]
    An amount of the lotion composition may be comprised on a body facing surface of an absorbent article. The amount should effect a reduction of the adherence of feces or menses to the human skin of a wearer wearing an absorbent article compared to the absorbent article without the lotion composition. Without being bound by theory, it is believed that the lotion composition may reduce the adhesive force between the soils or exudates and the skin surface because the adhesive forces may be smaller than the cohesive forces within the soils or exudates, thereby allowing the soils or exudates to detach from the skin surface upon application of a shear force (e.g. such as that generated by wiping).
  • [0031]
    The lotion composition may be applied on at least a portion of the topsheet. A suitable amount according to the present invention may be from about 0.015 grams per square meter (gsm) to about 100 gsm, or from about 1 gsm to about 80 gsm, or from about 6 gsm to 50 gsm, or from about 12 gsm to about 40 gsm, or from about 16 to about 30 gsm. For example, about 24 gsm.
  • [0032]
    Said first liquid component may comprise a liquid polyethylene glycol and said second component may comprise a solid nonionic surfactant with an HLB value of at least about 10; or
  • [0033]
    said first component may comprise a liquid fatty acid ester comprising at least one fatty acid unit and at least one ethylene glycol unit and said second component may comprise a solid polyethylene glycol; or
  • [0034]
    said first component may comprise a liquid polyethylene glycol and said second compound is a solid fatty compounds selected from the group consisting of solid fatty acids and solid fatty soaps and solid fatty alcohols;
  • [0035]
    wherein when said solid nonionic surfactant is an ethoxylated fatty alcohol, then the HLB value is at least about 13.
  • [0036]
    When said solid fatty compound is a solid fatty acid, then the total amount of liquids is higher than the total amount of solids.
  • [0037]
    The total amount of the first liquid component, at about 25° C., may be from about 3 to about 90 wt. % or from about 20 to about 80 wt. % or from about 30 to about 70 wt. % based on the total lotion composition and the total amount of the solid second component is from about 10 to about 97 wt. % or from about 20 to about 80 wt. % or from about 30 to about 70 wt. % based on the total lotion composition; and the weight ratio of first to second component is from about 1:32 to about 9:1 or from about 1:9 to about 9:1 or from about 2:8 to about 8:2 or from about 3:7 to about 7:3.
  • [0038]
    The lotion composition may be hydrophilic and essentially non-aqueous. Non aqueous means that the lotion compositions either contain no water or they contain water only in minor amounts such as less than about 5 wt. % or even less than about 1 wt. %. However, these amounts refer to the lotion composition at the time when the absorbent article is produced, i.e. to the time the lotion composition is applied onto the absorbent article. The lotion compositions of the present invention may be rather hygroscopic, and thus may be able to take up a significant amount of water from the surrounding atmosphere, particularly in an environment with high relative humidity. Thus, when the absorbent article has been stored for a relatively long time, such as several months or even years, it is possible that the amount of water contained in the lotion composition has increased to be more than about 5 wt %.
  • [0039]
    The lotion composition may comprise a first component which is liquid at about 25° C. and a second component which is solid at 25° C., for reducing the adherence of feces or menses to the human skin; wherein the first component may comprise one or more compounds selected from the group consisting of
  • [0000]
    (a) liquid polyethylene glycol;
    (b) liquid, polyhydric alcoholic solvents;
    (c) liquid fatty acid esters comprising at least one fatty acid unit and at least one ethylene glycol unit; and
    the second component may comprise one or more compounds selected from the group consisting of
    (d) solid polyethylene glycol;
    (e) solid nonionic surfactants with HLB value of at least about 10;
    (f) solid fatty compounds selected from the group consisting of solid fatty acids, solid fatty soaps and solid fatty alcohols;
    (g) ethoxylated natural oils and fats or propoxylated natural oils and fats, such as PEG-150 jojoba.
  • [0040]
    In one embodiment the lotion composition may comprise a first component which is liquid at about 25° C. and a second component which is solid at about 25° C., for reducing the adherence of feces or menses to the human skin; wherein the first component may comprise one or more compounds selected from the group consisting of
  • [0000]
    methoxyisopropanol, propyl ether, dipropylene glycol butyl ether, methyl propanediol, propylene carbonate, watersoluble polypropylene glycols, glycerin, sorbitol, hydrogenated starch hydrolysate, silicone glycols, and liquid PEG derivatives;
    and the second component comprises one or more components from the group consisting of
    (a) solid polyethylene glycol;
    (b) solid nonionic surfactants with HLB value of at least about 10;
    (c) solid fatty compounds selected from the group consisting of solid fatty acids, solid fatty soaps and solid fatty alcohols;
    (d) ethoxylated natural oils and fats or propoxylated natural oils and fats, such as PEG-150 jojoba.
  • [0041]
    In one embodiment the liquid component may be a polyethylene glycol having a molecular weight (weight average) of about 100 to less than about 720, from about 350 to about 700. The lotion composition may comprise from about 20% to about 80% by weight, or from about 30% to about 70% by weight, or from about 40% to about 60% by weight of this liquid polyethylene glycol. For example, about 50% by weight of Polyglycol 400.
  • [0042]
    In one embodiment the solid component may be a polyethylene glycol having a molecular weight (weight average) of above about 720, e.g. from about 720 to about 100000, or from about 950 to about 30000. It may be that the lotion composition comprises from about 20% to about 80% by weight, or about 30% to about 70% by weight, or about 40% to about 60% by weight of this liquid polyethylene glycol. For example, about 50% by weight of Polyglycol 4000.
  • [0043]
    In one embodiment the solid component may be a solid nonionic surfactant, such as a solid polyethylene glycol fatty alcohol ethers having the general formula R(OCH2CH2)nOH, where R represents an alkyl group or a blend of alkyl groups, with for example from 8 to about 30 or from about 12 to about 22 carbon atoms, and n is the degree of ethoxylation, e.g. from 2 to about 200. It may be that the lotion composition comprises from about 20% to about 80% by weight, or from about 30% to about 70% by weight, or about 40% to about 60% by weight of this liquid polyethylene glycol. For example, about 50% by weight of Steareth-100.
  • [0044]
    The lotion composition may in one embodiment additionally comprise particulate material described herein after. The particulate material may be comprised by the component being solid at about 25° C.
  • [0045]
    Liquid Polyethylene Glycol
  • [0046]
    Liquid polyethylene glycols are liquid at about 25° C. They are made from at least 3 units of ethylene glycol and have the general formula HO—(CH2-O—CH2-O)x—H with x being a number of from 3 to about 15 or from about 8 to about 12. The molecular weight (weight average) may be from about 100 to less than about 720, or from about 350 to about 700. Typical liquid polyethylene glycols are known as PEG-4, PEG-6, PEG-7, PEG-8, PEG-9, PEG-10, PEG-12 and PEG-14. Suitable trade products are for example Polyglykol 400 of Clariant with an average molecular weight of from about 380 to about 410 or Polyglykol 600 with an average molecular weight of from about 570 to about 630.
  • [0047]
    Liquid Polyhydric Alcoholic Solvents
  • [0048]
    Liquid polyhydric alcoholic solvents, when used herein, are organic compounds having at least 2 carbon atoms and at least two alcoholic hydroxy groups and which are liquid at about 25° C. Examples are glycerol, ethylene glycol, diethylene glycol, propylene glycol, butylene glycol, dipropylene glycol, methyl propanediol and the like.
  • [0049]
    Solid Polyethylene Glycol
  • [0050]
    Solid polyethylene glycols are solid or semi-solid at about 25° C. They may be made from at least 16 units of ethylene glycol and have the general formula HO—(CH2-O—CH2-O)y—H with y being a number of at least 16, e.g. from about 20 to about 220 or from about 40 to about 150. The molecular weight (weight average) is above about 720, e.g. from about 720 to about 100000, or from about 950 to about 30000. Typical solid polyethylene glycols are known as PEG-20, PEG-32, PEG-40, PEG-45, PEG-55, PEG-60, PEG-75, PEG-90 and PEG-100. Suitable trade products are for example Polyglykol 3000 of Clariant with an average molecular weight of from about 2700 to about 3000 or Polyglykol 4000 with an average molecular weight of from about 3700 to about 4500.
  • [0051]
    Solid Nonionic Surfactants
  • [0052]
    Suitable solid nonionic surfactants with an HLB value of at least about 10 are for example solid polyethylene glycol fatty alcohol ethers such as solid polyethoxylated fatty alcohols. The fatty alcohols may have from 8 to about 30 carbon atoms, or from about 12 to about 22 carbon atoms. The average degree of ethoxylation may be from 2 to about 200, at least about 10, at least about 20 or at least about 30. The polyethylene glycol fatty alcohol ethers are nonionic surfactants with HLB values of at least about 10, or at least about 12, e.g. from about 13 to about 17. Polyethylene glycol fatty alcohol ethers have the general formula R(OCH2CH2)nOH, where R represents an alkyl group or a blend of alkyl groups with for example 8 to about 30 or from about 12 to about 22 carbon atoms and n is the degree of ethoxylation, e.g. 2 to about 200. Suitable trade products are for example BRIJ 76, BRIJ 78 and BRIJ 700 (Steareth 100). Suitable nonionic surfactant are e.g. ethoxylated alcohols, ethoxylated fatty acids, ethoxylated fatty esters and oils, glycerol esters, block polymers, sorbitan; sucrose and glucose esters and their derivatives.
  • [0053]
    Liquid Ethylene Glycol Fatty Acid Ester
  • [0054]
    Suitable liquid ethylene glycol fatty acid esters may be for example the esters of one or more ethylene glycol units and one or two fatty acids. They have the general formula R1—(OCH2CH2)mO—R2 where R1 and R2 are hydrogen or fatty acid residues with e.g. from 6 to about 30 or from about 8 to about 22 carbon atoms and can be the same or different with the proviso that not both are hydrogen; and m is a number of at least 1. R1 and R2 are different and m is 1, 2, or 3. Typical ethylene glycol esters are known for example as diethylene glycol diethylhexanoate/diisononanoate, diethylene glycol diisononanoate, diethylene glycol dilaurate, diethylene glycol dioctanoate/diisononanoate and diethylene glycol distearate. Suitable trade product mixtures containing ethylene glycol esters are for example DERMOL MO or DERMOL 489.
  • [0055]
    Fatty Alcohol Fatty Acid Ester
  • [0056]
    Suitable fatty alcohol fatty acid esters may include esters of a C10- to C30 fatty alcohol with a C10- to C30-fatty acid. They have the general formula R3—CO—O—R4 where R3—CO is a C10- to C30 fatty acid residue and O—R4 is a C10- to C30 fatty alcohol residue. They may be saturated or unsaturated. The wax esters may be liquid at room temperature (25° C.). They may be derived from natural sources such as jojoba oil, comprising docosenyl eicosenoate, eicosenyl eicosenoate and eicosenyl docosenoate.
  • [0057]
    Solid Fatty Compounds
  • [0058]
    The solid fatty compounds may be selected from the group consisting of fatty acids, solid fatty soaps and solid fatty alcohols. The solid fatty compounds are solid at about 25° C. (or at least semi-solid according to the method described herein). The fatty compounds may have from 10 to about 30 or from about 12 to about 22 carbon atoms. The fatty compounds can be saturated or unsaturated and they can be linear or branched. Examples of solid fatty acids are decanoic acid, lauric acid, myristic acid, palmitic acid, stearic acid, arachidic acid or behenic acid. Solid fatty alcohols may be used that are linear, unsaturated 1-alkanols with at least 12 carbon atoms. Examples of solid fatty alcohols are lauryl alcohol, myristyl alcohol, cetyl alcohol, stearyl alcohol, arachidyl alcohol or behenyl alcohol.
  • [0059]
    The solid fatty soaps are metallic soaps which are metal salts of fatty acids. The fatty acid components of the fatty soaps are the same as mentioned above. Suitable metall cations are sodium, potassium, lithium, aluminium, magnesium, calcium, mangan, iron, zirconium, cerium, zink, cobalt or vanadium. Metallic soaps with low water solubility such as the calcium or magnesium salts, e.g. calcium stearate may be used.
  • [0060]
    Particulate Material
  • [0061]
    In one embodiment, the lotion composition additionally may comprise at least one particulate material for further reducing the adherence of feces or menses to the skin. The particulate material may be particulate during application onto the absorbent article. The particulate material may also be such that it remains particulate when in contact with the skin and/or when in contact with urine, menses or feces. Hence, the particulate material is water-insoluble and it has a melting temperature above the processing temperature of the lotion composition, as described above.
  • [0062]
    The particulate material may have any mean particle size between about 1 nanometer to about 2 mm, between about 1 nanometer to about 500 micrometers, between about 0.1 micrometer to about 2 mm, and between about 50 nanometers to about 1 micrometer, or any range or individual value within any of the ranges set forth herein. The minimum mean particle size is at least about 0.1 micrometer or at least about 1 micrometer, or at least about 10 micrometers, or at least about 20 micrometers, and up to about 500 micrometers or in some embodiments up to about 100 micrometers, and further in other embodiments up to about 30 micrometers. In one embodiment, it may be that the lotion composition to be applied and/or the applied coating comprises particles whereof less than about 25% of the particles have an equivalent diameter of greater than about 100 microns. In another embodiment, it may be that the lotion composition to be applied and/or the applied coating comprises particles whereof less than about 25% of the particles have an equivalent diameter of less than about 5 microns. In yet another embodiment, it may be that the lotion composition to be applied and/or the applied coating comprises particles whereof less than about 25% of the particles have an equivalent diameter of less than about 100 microns.
  • [0063]
    The particle material may be present in the lotion composition at a level from about 0.05% to about 25% (by weight of the lotion composition), from about 0.05% to about 15%, from about 0.05% to about 5%, or from about 0.1% to about 25%, or from about 0.25% to about 20%, from about 0.5% to about 10% or even up to about 5% by weight.
  • [0064]
    Suitably, the particles may have a density between about 0.5 gram/cm3 and about 2.5 gram/cm3. The density is between about 0.5 gram/cm3 and about 2.0 gram/cm3, and between about 0.8 gram/cm3 and about 1.5 gram/cm3. In one embodiment, the density may be less than about 1 gram/cm3 so as to minimize particle settling and the density is greater than about 0.8 gram/cm3 so as to minimize particle floatation.
  • [0065]
    In one embodiment, the lotion composition may comprise inorganic particles, including alumina silicates, silicates, silicas, mica and/or talc. Clays may also be used. However, in the present invention it may be that the particulate material is an organic material. The particles may be a non-active and/or non-reactive material. The particles may be porous, or non-porous. The particles may have any shape, but they have a smooth surface, and they may be spherical or plate-like particles. The particles may comprise a coating agent on their surface or part thereof, for example a surfactant to change its properties, e.g. hydrophilicity. The particles, in particular when they are oleofinic, may include a melt-additive, which is added during the manufacturing of the particles.
  • [0066]
    Suitable materials include but are not limited to: polystyrene particles, polypropylene and/or polyethylene (co)polymer particles, polytetrafluoroethylene particles, polymethylsilses-quioxane particles, nylon particles. Suitable commercially available particulate materials include but are not limited to: polyethylene particles, available from Honeywell International of Morristown, N.J. under the trade name ACUMIST; polymethyl methacrylate particles (microspheres), available from KOBO of South Plainfield, N.J. as BPA; lactone cross polymer particles (microspheres), available from KOBO as BPD; nylon 12 particles (microspheres), available from KOBO as NYLON SP; polymethylsilsesquioxane particles (microspheres), available from KOBO as TOSPEARL; cellulose particles (microspheres), available from KOBO as CELLO-BEADS; polytetrafluoroethylene powders, available from Micro Powders, Inc. of Tarrytown, N.Y. as MICROSLIP; blends of natural wax and micronized polymers as are available form Micro Powders as MICROCARE and particles of a copolymer of vinylidene chloride, acrylonitrile and methylmethacrylate available as EXPANCEL from Expancel, Inc. of Duluth, Ga. Micronized waxes, such as are available from Micro Powders as MICROEASE may also be incorporated. Polyolefin particles (powders) as are available from Equistar Chemical Corp. Houston, Tex. as MICROTHENE may be used. Particularly, MICROTHENE FN510-00 from Equistar may be used.
  • [0067]
    Cuffs of the Present Invention
  • [0068]
    The invention provides an absorbent article that may comprise one or more cuffs having a hydrostatic head of at least about 30 mbar and/or a strike through time of at least about 600 seconds; or said one or more cuffs may comprise a material having a hydrostatic head of at least 30 mbar and/or a strike through time of at least about 600 seconds. The cuff referred to herein may be an anal cuff, a barrier cuff or a leg cuff. The article may comprise more than one cuff, or a combination of such cuffs. In one embodiment, the article may comprise a pair of barrier cuffs and/or a pair of leg cuffs, having (or comprising a material having) the hydrostatic head values and/or strike through values as described herein.
  • [0000]
    As used herein “barrier cuffs” refer to cuffs designed to form a barrier to fluids; e.g. stopping or decreasing the amount of fluids passing through such a cuff. The article may comprise a pair of barrier cuffs, each cuff of said pair being positioned along a longitudinal edge of the absorbent core.
    Leg cuffs, as used herein, may be comprised along the longitudinal side edges of the article, i.e. the article thus having a at least one leg cuff along each longitudinal side edge, and being in use in contact with the legs of the user.
    Suitable cuffs in general are described in for example U.S. Pat. No. 3,860,003; U.S. Pat. No. 4,808,178 and 4,909; U.S. Pat. Nos. 4,695,278 and 4,795,454. The cuffs may also be made of nonwoven materials and they are hydrophobic.
  • [0069]
    In one embodiment the absorbent article according to the present invention may comprise one pair of barrier cuffs.
  • [0070]
    The absorbent article may additionally comprise leg cuffs.
  • [0071]
    The cuff or cuffs of the article of the invention may comprise a nonwoven material (also referred to as cuff material) as described herein, for example such that at least about 40%, or at least about 60, or at least about 80, or about 100% of the surface area of the cuff may comprise said nonwoven material. This nonwoven material may comprise one or more nonwoven webs. Each web may comprise one or more nonwoven layers for example at least 2, or at least 3 or at least 4 or at least 5 nonwoven layers. In one embodiment each web consists of 5 nonwoven layers. In one embodiment the cuffs may comprise one nonwoven web.
  • [0072]
    The layers may be spunbond nonwoven layers (S), meltblown nonwoven layers (M) or nano-fiber nonwoven layers (N). In one embodiment at least the skinfacing surface and/or at least the outer surface of the cuff material may comprise a spunbond web. The presence of at least one or more meltblown or nano-fiber layers in the web may be used. Without being bound by theory it is believed that meltblown layers cause an enhancement of the barrier properties of the cuff material due to the good coverage per basis weight and hydrophobicity. These properties may be even more pronounced for the nano-fibers due to reduced fiber size as compared to meltblown fibers.
  • [0073]
    In another embodiment a web may comprise at least 3, or at least 4, or at least 5 nonwoven layers whereof at least two are spunbond nonwoven layers.
  • [0074]
    In one embodiment in a web comprising at least 3 nonwoven layers the outermost layers are spunbond, any remaining nonwoven layers may be either meltblown or nano-fiber nonwoven layers or a combination thereof. Examples for such sequences are SMS, SMMS, SMMMS, SNS or SMNMS.
  • [0075]
    The basis weights given herein are values for weight per area of cuff material, nonwoven webs or nonwoven layers respectively. If the cuff material comprises any coating, the basis weights given herein include the weight of the coating (e.g. hydrophobic surface coatings as described herein).
  • [0076]
    The basis weight of a nonwoven meltblown layer may be at least about 1 g/m2 or at least about 1.5 g/m2 or at least about 2 g/m2, for example about 2.5 g/m2; in one embodiment the sum of the basis weights of all nonwoven meltblown layers comprised by the cuff material equals up to at least about 5 g/m2 or at least about 7 g/m2, for example about 7.5 g/m2. It may be that the basis weight of a nonwoven meltblown layer is less than about 20 g/m2 or about 15 g/m2.
  • [0077]
    The basis weight of a nonwoven nano-fiber layer may be at least about 1 g/m2 or at least about 1.5 g/m2 or at least about 2 g/m2, for example about 2.5 g/m2. It may be that the basis weight of a nonwoven nano-fiber layer is less then about 20 g/m2 or about 15 g/m2.
  • [0078]
    The basis weight of a nonwoven spunbond layer may be at least about 3 g/m2 or at least about 5 g/m2 or at least about 7 g/m2, for example about 7.3 g/m2 in one embodiment the sum of the basis weights of all nonwoven spunbond layers comprised by the cuff material equals up to at least about 10 g/m2 or at least about 12 g/m2 or at least about 14 g/m2, for example about 14.6 g/m2. It may be that the basis weight of a nonwoven spunbond layer is less then about 40 g/m2 or about 30 g/m2.
  • [0079]
    In one embodiment the basis weight of a nonwoven web comprising one or more nonwoven layers may be at least about 19 g/m2 or at least about 21 g/m2 or at least about 22 g/m2, for example about 22.1 g/m2. It may be that the basis weight of said nonwoven web is less then about 80 g/m2 or about 60 g/m2.
  • [0080]
    In one embodiment, the nonwoven web may comprise nano-fibers that may have an average diameter of about 1.0 microns or less, or about 0.8 microns or less, or about 0.6 microns or less. The nonwoven web may comprise at least one nonwoven layer of which at least one or more or each nonwoven layer may comprise such nano-fibers. The nonwoven web thereof may for example comprise at least about 2 g/m2 of nano-fibers, or at least about 3 g/m2 or at least about 5 g/m2 of nano-fibers. The nano-fibers may be made by known melt fibrillation methods or melt film fibrillation methods, such as described in U.S. Pat. No. 6,315,806 and U.S. Pat. No. 6,695,992. Nano-fiber webs and layers that may be used are described in co-pending application WO2005/103355.
  • [0081]
    The cuff or cuff material may have a hydrostatic head value, determined as described herein, of at least at least about 30 mbar, or at least about 35 mbar, or at least about 38 mbar, or optionally at least about 40 mbar.
  • [0082]
    The cuff or cuff material may additionally or alternatively have a low surface tension strike through value, as determined by the method described herein, of at least about 600 seconds, or at least about 800 seconds, or even at least about 1000 seconds.
  • [0083]
    A material is considered to have the above hydrostatic head and/or low surface tension strike through values if it has these values at any part of the material, excluding areas comprising elastic material or edges attached to another material: i.e. the measurement is done on a sample that does not comprise elastic material or any another material. In embodiments comprising lotion (e.g. the hydrophilic lotion of the present invention) the areas comprising that lotion are excluded as well. In one embodiment the one or more cuffs comprising the cuff material described herein, have a surface that is free of elastic material or any other material of at least about 2.5 cm×2.5 cm.
  • [0084]
    The cuff or cuff material may further comprise a hydrophobic agent, such as a wax.
  • [0085]
    The cuff material or one or more webs comprised by the cuff material may comprise a barrier agent, also referred to as hydrophobic surface coating, as described below.
  • [0086]
    As mentioned above, cuffs herein are made of hydrophobic material and/or are treated to be hydrophobic, with for example a hydrophobic surface coating (HSC). Hydrophobic surface coatings that may be used are for example described in co-pending application US60/543,785, filed Feb. 11, 2004. The hydrophobic surface coating or masking facilitating agent may comprise one or more silicone polymers and/or fluorinated polymers. Suitable silicone polymers are for example selected from the group consisting of silicone MQ resins, polydimethysiloxanes, crosslinked silicones, silicone liquid elastomers, and combinations thereof. The weight average of the molecular weight (MW) of such silicone polymers may be at least about 4000 MW, at least about 10,000 MW, at least about 15,000 MW, at least about 20,000 MW, and at least about 25,000 MW. Polydimethylsiloxanes are selected from the group consisting of vinyl-terminated polydimethsiloxanes, methyl hydrogen dimethylsiloxanes, hydroxyl-terminated polydimethysiloxanes, organo-modified polydimethylsiloxanes, and combinations thereof. Suitable fluorinated polymers are selected from the group consisting of telomers and polymers containing tetrafluoroethylene and/or perfluorinated alkyl chains. For instance, fluorinated surfactants, which are commercially available from Dupont under the tradename Zonyl®, are suitable for use herein. In particular, Zonyl® 321, 329, 8740, 9027, and 9360 are well suited for use in the present invention. Additionally, other Zonyl® materials include fluoroadditives like micro-powders may be useful herein. These include, but are not limited to Zonyl® MP1100, MP1200, MP1400, MP1500J, MP1600N, TE-3667N (which is a water dispersion). The coating may be free of aminosilicones.
  • [0087]
    These materials are deposited onto the cuff or cuffs in amounts of from at least about 0.01 gsm (gram of material/square meter of topsheet), from at least about 0.05 gsm, and from at least about 0.1 gsm.
  • [0088]
    Absorbent Articles
  • [0089]
    This invention refers to any absorbent articles such as such as diapers, adult incontinence articles, sanitary napkins In the following, a diaper is described as one embodiment of an absorbent article. However, as the skilled person is aware of, most of the components and materials described herein below are also applicable to other absorbent articles such as pant-like diapers.
  • [0090]
    An absorbent article herein is a diaper that has a longitudinal axis and a transverse axis. The diaper may further comprise an inner, body facing surface and an outer, garment facing surface opposed to the inner surface.
  • [0091]
    One end portion of the diaper may be configured as a front waist region of the diaper. The opposite end portion may be configured as a back waist region of the diaper. An intermediate portion of the diaper may be configured as a crotch region, which extends longitudinally between the front and back waist regions. The crotch region is that portion of the diaper which, when the diaper is worn, is generally positioned between the wearer's legs.
  • [0092]
    The chassis of the diaper comprises the main body of the diaper. The chassis may comprise a liquid pervious topsheet and a backsheet. The chassis further includes an absorbent core encased between the topsheet and the backsheet. The chassis has a periphery which is defined by the transverse outer edges of the chassis with longitudinal edges and end edges.
  • [0093]
    The absorbent article may comprise one or more cuffs that extend in longitudinal direction along the longitudinal side edges of the absorbent article, or part thereof. One or more of these cuffs may be a cuff or cuffs according to the present invention as described herein. The cuff or cuffs may be attached to said absorbent article with one longitudinal edge of said cuff, thus having a free longitudinal edge that can be positioned out of the X-Y plane (longitudinal/transverse directions) of the article, i.e. in z-direction. The cuffs may be mirror images of one another in the Y-axis of the article.
  • [0094]
    In one embodiment a part of these one or more cuffs may comprise the hydrophilic lotion composition described herein, wherein said part may comprise less then about 80% of the cuff material, or less then about 60%, or less then about 40%, or even less then about 20%.
  • [0095]
    The backsheet may be a liquid impervious backsheet, as known in the art. In one embodiment, the liquid impervious backsheet may comprise a thin plastic film such as a thermoplastic film having a thickness of about 0.01 mm to about 0.05 mm. Suitable backsheet materials may comprise breathable material, which permit vapors to escape from the absorbent article while still preventing exudates from passing through the backsheet. Suitable backsheet films include those manufactured by Tredegar Industries Inc. of Terre Haute, Ind. and sold under the trade names X15306, X10962 and X10964. The backsheet, or any portion thereof, may be elastically extendable in one or more directions.
  • [0096]
    The topsheet may be compliant, soft feeling, and non-irritating to the wearer's skin. Further, the topsheet may be liquid pervious permitting liquids (e.g., urine) to readily penetrate through its thickness. A suitable topsheet may be manufactured from a wide range of materials such as woven and nonwoven materials; polymeric materials such as apertured formed thermoplastic films, apertured plastic films, and hydroformed thermoplastic films; porous foams; reticulated foams; reticulated thermoplastic films; and thermoplastic scrims. Suitable woven and nonwoven materials can be made of natural fibers (e.g., wood or cotton fibers), synthetic fibers (e.g., polymeric fibers such as polyester, polypropylene, or polyethylene fibers) or from a combination of natural and synthetic fibers. The topsheet may be made of a hydrophobic material to isolate the wearer's skin from liquids which have passed through the topsheet and are contained in the absorbent core (i.e., to prevent rewet). If the topsheet is made of a hydrophobic material, at least the body facing surface of the topsheet or a part thereof may be treated to be hydrophilic so that liquids will transfer through the topsheet more rapidly. This diminishes the likelihood that body exudates will flow off the topsheet rather than being drawn through the topsheet and being absorbed by the absorbent core. The topsheet can be rendered hydrophilic by treating it with a surfactant. In an embodiment, the topsheet may be a nonwoven web that can provide reduced tendency for surface wetness and consequently facilitate maintaining urine absorbed by the core away from the user's skin, after wetting.
  • [0097]
    The backsheet may be directly or indirectly attached to or joined with the topsheet herein and/or the barrier and/or leg cuffs herein.
  • [0098]
    The absorbent core may be disposed between the topsheet and the backsheet. The absorbent core may comprise any absorbent material that is generally compressible, conformable, non-irritating to the wearer's skin, and capable of absorbing and retaining liquids such as urine and other certain body exudates.
  • [0099]
    The absorbent core may be manufactured in a wide variety of sizes and shapes (e.g., rectangular, hourglass, “T”-shaped, asymmetric, etc.) and from a wide variety of liquid-absorbent materials commonly used in disposable diapers and other absorbent articles such as comminuted wood pulp which is generally referred to as airfelt. Examples of other suitable absorbent materials include creped cellulose wadding, meltblown polymers including coform, cross-linked cellulosic fibers, tissue including tissue wraps and tissue laminates, absorbent foams, absorbent sponges, superabsorbent polymers, absorbent gelling materials, or any equivalent material or combinations of materials. The configuration and construction of the absorbent core may also be varied, e.g. the absorbent core may have varying caliper zones, a hydrophilic gradient, a superabsorbent gradient, or lower average density and lower average basis weight acquisition zones; or may comprise one or more layers or structures. The total absorbent capacity of the absorbent core should, however, be compatible with the design loading and the intended use of the diaper. Further, the size and absorbent capacity of the absorbent core may be varied to accommodate wearers ranging from infants through adults.
  • [0100]
    The topsheet of the absorbent article of the present invention can also be apertured, i.e. the topsheet has a plurality of apertures having an aperture size of at least about 0.2 mm2. The topsheet has an open area of at least about 10%, the open area being the sum of all apertures.
  • [0101]
    In one embodiment the article may comprise an anal cuff or topsheet, that has one or more openings that are large enough to let feces (or menses) pass to a void space underneath said topsheet or cuff. The anal or vaginal cuff may be a cuff according to the present invention as described herein.
  • [0102]
    For example, U.S. Patent Application No. 2006/0058766 A filed on Sep. 13, 2005 discloses an absorbent article wherein the topsheet is provided with at least one opening adapted to receive fecal material, the topsheet and the opening thereof each having a front region and a back region. A void space between the absorbent core and the topsheet is provided and the absorbent article further may comprise a genital coversheet, which in use covers the genitals, and which is positioned in, under or above said front region of the opening. Further suitable absorbent articles are disclosed e.g. in U.S. Pat. No. 6,482,191; U.S. Patent Application No. 2004/0092902 A; U.S. Patent Application No. 2004/0092900 A; U.S. Patent Application No. 2004/0162538 A; and U.S. Patent Application No. 2006/0058765 A.
  • [0103]
    Further, the absorbent articles may comprise a front and back waist band and/or a fastening system, may be joined to the waistband, as known in the art. Fastening systems may comprise fastening tabs and landing zones, wherein the fastening tabs are attached or joined to the back region of the diaper and the landing zones are part of the front region of the diaper.
  • [0104]
    Test Methods
  • [0105]
    Water Solubility
  • [0106]
    Water solubility of the lotion composition or any compound used to formulate the lotion composition is determined as follows: 100 mg starting amount (SA) of the lotion composition is applied to a glass slide (2.5 cm×8 cm) of known weight, such that the lotion covers an area of 2.5 cm×5 cm on the glass slide. The slide is then placed flat in a beaker containing 75 ml of deionized water at 20° C. The water with the lotion composition therein is not stirred. After 4 hours the glass slide is removed from the beaker and put in an oven at 60° C., 0% RH (relative humidity) to remove the water. After drying it is weighted to determine the residual amount of lotion composition on the slide. The lotion composition of the present invention is water soluble if residual amount (RA) of lotion composition on the plate after drying is below 60%, below 20% and below 10% (of the 100 mg that have been applied to the glass slide). These values correspond to a water solubility of at least 40%, at least 80% and at least 90% which is determined as follows:
  • [0000]

    [(SA−RA)]/SA×100%=water solubility   (i)
  • [0107]
    Such lotion compositions having relatively good water solubility are considered to be hydrophilic within the meaning of the present invention.
  • [0108]
    Hydrostatic Head (Hydrohead)
  • [0109]
    The hydrostatic head (also referred to as hydrohead) as used herein is measured with deionized water (DI water)
  • [0110]
    This test is performed as set out in co-pending application WO2005/112854A, conform the Inda/Edana test WSP 80.6 (05). The water pressure is increased at a rate of 20 mbar per minute in the testing using DI water (72 mN/m).
  • [0111]
    A sample of 5 cm2 is taken from the cuff or the cuff material. The sample should be free from elastic material or edges that are connected to other materials.
  • [0112]
    The test head used has a 2.5 cm diameter; the protective sleeve used has a 2.2 cm diameter.
  • [0113]
    Low Surface Tension Strike through Value Method
  • [0114]
    The low surface tension strike through value referred to herein may be obtained by the Edana method WSP70.3 (05), except that a low surface tension liquid (see below) is used and a sample of 1 inch×1 inch (25 mm×25 mm) may be used. The sample should be free of elastic material or of edges that are connected to other materials.
  • [0115]
    The value obtained from this sample measurement is reported herein.
  • [0116]
    The low surface tension liquid is a liquid with a surface tension of 49 mN/m prepared as follows:
  • [0117]
    49 mN/m (dynes/cm) liquid preparation:
  • [0118]
    A 10 litre canister with tap is cleaned thoroughly 3 times with 2 litres polyethylene and then 3 times with 2 litres distilled/deionized water.
  • [0119]
    Then, it is filled with 10 litres distilled/deionized water and stirred with a clean stirring bar for 2 h, after which the water is released via the tap.
  • [0120]
    A 5 litre glass is cleaned 6 times with water and then 6 times with distilled/deionized water.
  • [0121]
    Then, 30.00 g of Na Cholate and 5 litres of distilled/deionized water are placed in the cleaned 5 litres glass. (Na Cholate should have a TLC purity of >99%, e.g. supplied by Calbiochem, catalog #229101). This is stirred with a clean stirring bar for about 5 min, until the Na Cholate is visibly dissolved.
  • [0122]
    The stirring bar is removed from the glass with a magnetic stick (without touching the solution) and then the Na cholate solution is poured into the 10 litres canister and more distilled/deionized water is added such that the concentration of the final solution is 3 g/l. This is further stirred with a stirring bar for 2 hours and then used.
  • [0123]
    This preparation of the solution carried out at 20° C.
  • [0124]
    The surface tension of the solution is measured and this should be 49 nN/m (+/−2). (The surface tension may be determined by method: ASTM D1331-56 (“Standard test method for surface and interfacial tension of solution of surface active agents”) using a Kruss K12 tensiometer.)
  • [0125]
    In a clean flask, 2.100 grams of Triton-X-100 is added to 500 ml distilled water (already in flask) and then 5000 ml distilled water is added. The solution is mixed for 30 minutes and then the surface tension is measured, which should be 32 mN/m.
  • [0126]
    (The surface tension may be determined by method: ASTM D1331-56 (“Standard test method for surface and interfacial tension of solution of surface active agents”) using a Kruss K12 tensiometer.)
  • [0127]
    The dimensions and values disclosed herein are not to be understood as being strictly limited to the exact numerical values recited. Instead, unless otherwise specified, each such dimension is intended to mean both the recited value and a functionally equivalent range surrounding that value. For example, a dimension disclosed as “40 mm” is intended to mean “about 40 mm”.
  • [0128]
    All documents cited in the Detailed Description of the Invention are, in relevant part, incorporated herein by reference; the citation of any document is not to be construed as an admission that it is prior art with respect to the present invention. To the extent that any meaning or definition of a term in this written document conflicts with any meaning or definition of the term in a document incorporated by reference, the meaning or definition assigned to the term in this written document shall govern.
  • [0129]
    While particular embodiments of the present invention have been illustrated and described, it would be obvious to those skilled in the art that various other changes and modifications can be made without departing from the spirit and scope of the invention. It is therefore intended to cover in the appended claims all such changes and modifications that are within the scope of this invention.

Claims (18)

  1. 1. An absorbent article to be worn by a wearer comprising a backsheet, a topsheet, an absorbent core, one or more cuffs and a lotion, wherein said lotion is a hydrophilic lotion, having a water solubility of at least about 40%; and said one or more cuffs comprise a cuff material, said cuff or said cuff material having a hydrostatic head of at least about 30 mbar and/or a strike through time of at least about 600 seconds.
  2. 2. The absorbent article according to claim 1, wherein said one or more cuffs comprise one or more nonwoven webs, each web comprising one or more layers; and said lotion comprises a first component which is liquid at about 25° C. and a second component which is solid at about 25° C.
  3. 3. An absorbent article to be worn by a wearer comprising a backsheet, a topsheet, an absorbent core, one or more cuffs and a lotion, wherein said lotion comprises a first component which is liquid at about 25° C. and a second component which is solid at about 25° C.; said first component comprising one or more compounds selected from the group consisting of:
    (a) liquid polyethylene glycol;
    (b) liquid, polyhydric alcoholic solvents; and
    (c) liquid fatty acid esters comprising at least one fatty acid unit and at least one ethylene glycol unit;
    and said second component comprising one or more compounds selected from the group consisting of:
    (a) solid polyethylene glycol;
    (b) solid nonionic surfactants with HLB value of at least about 10;
    (c) solid fatty compounds selected from the group consisting of solid fatty acids, solid fatty soaps and solid fatty alcohols; and
    (d) ethoxylated natural oils and fats or propoxylated natural oils and fats, such as PEG-150 jojoba; and
    wherein said one or more cuffs comprise one or more nonwoven webs, each comprising one or more nonwoven layers; and wherein said at least one nonwoven web either:
    i) as a basis weight of at least about 19 g/m2; or
    ii) comprise at least 4 layers.
  4. 4. The absorbent article of claim 1, wherein said cuffs comprise a cuff material, and said cuff or said cuff material has a hydrostatic head of at least about 35 mbar and/or a strike through time of at least about 1000 seconds.
  5. 5. The absorbent article of claim 1, wherein said lotion comprises at least about 20% by weight of said first component or at least about 20% by weight of said second component; and wherein said one or more cuffs, each comprise at least one nonwoven web, wherein at least one is a spunbond nonwoven layer and at least one is a meltblown or nano-fiber nonwoven layer.
  6. 6. The absorbent article of claim 1, wherein said lotion is applied on the topsheet.
  7. 7. The absorbent article of claim 2, wherein said lotion is applied in an amount of at least about 0.015 gsm and said cuffs or nonwoven layers comprise a coating of at least one barrier agent selected from the group consisting of silicone polymers and fluorinated polymers and combinations thereof.
  8. 8. The absorbent article of claim 1, wherein said nonwoven web has a basis weight of at least about 19 g/m2 and comprises at least about 5 g/m2 of spunbond fibers and further comprises at least about 2 g/m2 of meltblown fibers and/or at least about 2 g/m2 nano fibers.
  9. 9. The absorbent article of claim 1, wherein the cuff comprises two spunbond (S) and three meltblown (M) nonwoven layers wherein the sequence of these layers is SMMMS.
  10. 10. The absorbent article of claim 1, wherein the absorbent article is an incontinence article, a diaper or a pant like diaper.
  11. 11. The absorbent article according to claim 3, wherein said one or more cuffs comprise one or more nonwoven webs, each web comprising one or more layers; and said lotion comprises a first component which is liquid at about 25° C. and a second component which is solid at about 25° C.
  12. 12. The absorbent article of claim 3, wherein said cuffs comprise a cuff material, and said cuff or said cuff material has a hydrostatic head of at least about 35 mbar and/or a strike through time of at least about 1000 seconds.
  13. 13. The absorbent article of claim 3, wherein said lotion comprises at least about 20% by weight of said first component or at least about 20% by weight of said second component; and wherein said one or more cuffs, each comprise at least one nonwoven web, wherein at least one is a spunbond nonwoven layer and at least one is a meltblown or nano-fiber nonwoven layer.
  14. 14. The absorbent article of claim 3, wherein said lotion is applied on the topsheet.
  15. 15. The absorbent article of claim 11, wherein said lotion is applied in an amount of at least about 0.015 gsm and said cuffs or nonwoven layers comprise a coating of at least one barrier agent selected from the group consisting of silicone polymers and fluorinated polymers and combinations thereof.
  16. 16. The absorbent article of claim 3, wherein said nonwoven web has a basis weight of at least about 19 g/m2 and comprises at least about 5 g/m2 of spunbond fibers and further comprises at least about 2 g/m2 of meltblown fibers and/or at least about 2 g/m2 nano fibers.
  17. 17. The absorbent article of claim 3, wherein the cuff comprises two spunbond (S) and three meltblown (M) nonwoven layers wherein the sequence of these layers is SMMMS.
  18. 18. The absorbent article of claim 3, wherein the absorbent article is an incontinence article, a diaper or a pant like diaper.
US11946631 2007-05-15 2007-11-28 Absorbent Article With Hydrophilic Lotion And High Barrier Cuffs Abandoned US20080287896A1 (en)

Priority Applications (4)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
EP20070108199 EP1992366B1 (en) 2007-05-15 2007-05-15 Use of a lotion composition on an absorbent article for reducing adherence of feces or menses to the skin
EP20070108202 EP1992367B1 (en) 2007-05-15 2007-05-15 Absorbent article comprising a lotion composition for reducing adherence of feces or menses to the skin
EP07108199.6 2007-05-15
EP07108202.8 2007-05-15

Applications Claiming Priority (11)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
JP2010508022A JP5143895B2 (en) 2007-05-15 2008-05-15 Absorbent article having a hydrophilic lotion and Haibariakafu
PCT/IB2008/051923 WO2008139427A1 (en) 2007-05-15 2008-05-15 Absorbent article with hydrophilic lotion and high-barrier cuffs
EP20080751217 EP2200667B1 (en) 2007-05-15 2008-05-15 Absorbent article with lotion
CN 200880016238 CN101678143A (en) 2007-05-15 2008-05-15 Absorbent article with lotion
CA 2686727 CA2686727A1 (en) 2007-05-15 2008-05-15 Absorbent article with lotion
EP20080751215 EP2144637B1 (en) 2007-05-15 2008-05-15 Absorbent article with hydrophilic lotion and high-barrier cuffs
US12121375 US9101680B2 (en) 2007-05-15 2008-05-15 Absorbent article with lotion
JP2010508024A JP2010526632A (en) 2007-05-15 2008-05-15 Lotion with an absorbent article
PCT/IB2008/051925 WO2008139429A1 (en) 2007-05-15 2008-05-15 Absorbent article with lotion
CA 2687102 CA2687102C (en) 2007-05-15 2008-05-15 Absorbent article with hydrophilic lotion and high-barrier cuffs
CN 200880016328 CN101678144B (en) 2007-05-15 2008-05-15 Absorbent article with hydrophilic lotion and high-barrier cuffs

Related Child Applications (1)

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US12121375 Continuation-In-Part US9101680B2 (en) 2007-05-15 2008-05-15 Absorbent article with lotion

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US20080287896A1 true true US20080287896A1 (en) 2008-11-20

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US11946631 Abandoned US20080287896A1 (en) 2007-05-15 2007-11-28 Absorbent Article With Hydrophilic Lotion And High Barrier Cuffs
US12121375 Active 2028-10-24 US9101680B2 (en) 2007-05-15 2008-05-15 Absorbent article with lotion
US12121358 Active 2028-10-23 US8138387B2 (en) 2007-05-15 2008-05-15 Absorbent article with colored lotioned sheet

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US12121358 Active 2028-10-23 US8138387B2 (en) 2007-05-15 2008-05-15 Absorbent article with colored lotioned sheet

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US (3) US20080287896A1 (en)
EP (3) EP2144637B1 (en)
JP (3) JP5143895B2 (en)
CN (3) CN101678144B (en)
CA (3) CA2687216C (en)
WO (1) WO2008139428A1 (en)

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