TWI448993B - An environmental safety monitoring escape-guidance system and its method of warning - Google Patents

An environmental safety monitoring escape-guidance system and its method of warning Download PDF

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Publication number
TWI448993B
TWI448993B TW101100432A TW101100432A TWI448993B TW I448993 B TWI448993 B TW I448993B TW 101100432 A TW101100432 A TW 101100432A TW 101100432 A TW101100432 A TW 101100432A TW I448993 B TWI448993 B TW I448993B
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Taiwan
Prior art keywords
escape
unit
environmental
terminal
mobile terminal
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TW101100432A
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Chinese (zh)
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TW201316295A (en
Inventor
Chao Nan Tian
Qi Liu
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Inventec Appliances Pudong
Inventec Appliances Corp
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Priority to CN201110312628.1A priority Critical patent/CN103041521B/en
Application filed by Inventec Appliances Pudong, Inventec Appliances Corp filed Critical Inventec Appliances Pudong
Publication of TW201316295A publication Critical patent/TW201316295A/en
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Publication of TWI448993B publication Critical patent/TWI448993B/en

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Description

Environmental safety monitoring and escape guidance system and warning escape method
The invention relates to a warning device and method, and in particular to an environmental safety monitoring and escape guiding system and an alert escape method.
The early fire voice escape guide indicator is pre-recorded on the voice chip and broadcasted by the speaker according to various building topography and evacuation routes when the fire occurs. Although such an escape guide indicator can be used in the event of a fire, it is known that a disaster occurs but the correct location cannot be known, and since the evacuation route has been planned in advance and cannot be changed due to the disaster situation, it is not correct. The guidance and evacuation of personnel escaped, so as to increase the casualties and loss of property.
The shortcomings of the conventional disaster escape indicator are as follows:
1. When a disaster occurs, the system cannot notify the presence of the person where the situation occurred. The escape route is safe and cannot disperse personnel to use different escape routes to cause congestion.
2. The disaster relief personnel can not immediately know the current situation of the disaster on the scene, such as the number of people affected by the location, the location and the scope of the fire, thus wasting the rescue time and manpower.
Today's metropolitan area buildings, large exhibition halls and large stores have more and more trends. There are usually many escape exits, but they are more complicated. When disasters occur, people start looking for escape exits or follow the crowd to escape. This phenomenon will cause too many people to use the same escape exit to push each other and cause more casualties. When the sirens sounded, people were told that there was a disaster but did not give more detailed information (disaster location, type of disaster, direction of escape...), so that people lost their first escape time or chose the wrong escape route to make themselves more dangerous. The situation. For example, in the September 11th incident in New York, when the incident occurred until the collapse of the building, it was about two hours. These times are definitely enough to escape the danger, but it is not true. Many people are nervous because of the lack of guidance, which makes the rescue of the rescue unit difficult. As a result, when the building collapsed, the rescue unit could not evacuate, and the rescuers suffered heavy casualties. If people (including disaster site personnel and rescue personnel) have sufficient information (disaster location, disaster type, disaster site status) to judge, evacuating rescue personnel around all buildings before the collapse of the building will reduce the loss of rescue personnel.
However, there has been no recent guidance on how to easily escape from the disaster scene and provide detailed information on the disaster scene of disaster relief personnel. Therefore, there is a need for a better escape guidance system to help disaster scene personnel escape the danger and provide detailed information on the scene of the disaster relief personnel.
The invention provides an environmental safety monitoring and escape guiding system and a warning escape method, which can provide an escape route when a disaster occurs to improve the convenience of escape.
The invention provides an environmental safety monitoring and escape guiding system, comprising a human mobile terminal, an environmental sensing unit, an escape indicating unit and an environmental safety monitoring terminal. The personal mobile terminal includes a mobile positioning unit and a mobile signal transceiver unit. The mobile positioning unit obtains one location information of the personal mobile terminal, and the mobile terminal transceiver unit transmits the location information. The environment sensing unit is disposed at a monitoring location to sense and obtain an environmental parameter, and the escape indicating unit displays an escape direction. The environmental security monitoring terminal includes a monitoring terminal processing unit, a monitoring terminal signal transmitting and receiving unit, and a map information. The map information includes at least one escape port and a refuge site, and the monitoring terminal processing unit connects the environment sensing unit by wireless communication. Obtaining environmental parameters, and generating a disaster warning signal according to the environmental parameters, the monitoring terminal signal transmitting unit transmits the disaster warning signal to the personal mobile terminal, and obtains the location information of the personal mobile terminal through the monitoring terminal signal transmitting and receiving unit, so that the monitoring terminal processing unit According to the location information of the mobile terminal, the escape route and the evacuation site, an escape route is planned to escape to the evacuation site according to the escape route, and a control signal is transmitted to the escape indication unit through the monitoring terminal transceiver unit to display an escape direction.
In an embodiment of the present invention, the personal mobile terminal further includes a mobile terminal sensing unit to sense a mobile terminal environment parameter of a location of the personal mobile terminal, and the monitoring terminal processing unit is mainly responsible for the received mobile terminal environment. The parameters are analyzed and judged to inform the most appropriate escape route.
In an embodiment of the present invention, the monitoring terminal processing unit is mainly responsible for analyzing and judging the received mobile environment parameters to notify the most appropriate escape route.
In an embodiment of the present invention, the personal mobile terminal further transmits the disaster scene condition, the number of the affected persons and the location to the environmental security monitoring terminal by using wireless communication, so as to facilitate the rescue.
In an embodiment of the present invention, the monitoring terminal processing unit is mainly responsible for analyzing and judging the received environmental parameters, and then transmitting the voice signal to the disaster scene through the monitoring terminal signal transmitting and receiving unit. Personal mobile to inform the most appropriate escape route.
In an embodiment of the present invention, the environment sensing unit further includes a personnel monitoring unit to integrate and transmit the location information of the personal mobile terminal transmitted by the personal mobile terminal to the environmental security monitoring terminal, and the environmental security monitoring terminal can utilize This information informs and monitors the number of people in each floor of the building.
In an embodiment of the present invention, the personnel monitoring unit further provides usage statistics of each escape route, and transmits the number of people to the personal mobile terminal through the environmental security monitoring terminal to notify each user of the mobile terminal.
In an embodiment of the present invention, the escape indication unit further includes a voice escape guide unit. When the environmental security monitoring terminal transmits the correct escape route to the personal mobile terminal, the user simultaneously uses the personal mobile terminal. The escape route and the escape voice indication of the voice escape guide unit are displayed to leave the disaster scene quickly and efficiently.
In an embodiment of the present invention, the environmental safety monitoring terminal further provides a material supply item set in each evacuation site and a current number of people at the evacuation site.
In an embodiment of the invention, the environmental sensing unit is a gravity sensor for sensing a message of an earthquake disaster.
In an embodiment of the invention, the smoke sensor described above uses the induced smoke concentration as a basis for detecting the occurrence of a fire.
The invention provides an environmental safety monitoring and warning escape method, comprising the following steps: firstly, setting an environment sensing unit to sense an environmental parameter at a monitoring location; and enabling an environmental safety monitoring terminal to obtain environmental parameters by means of wireless communication; According to the environmental parameter, the monitoring terminal processing unit of the environmental safety monitoring terminal generates a disaster warning signal; and then obtains a location information of a mobile terminal by using a mobile positioning unit; and then according to the location information of the personal mobile terminal and a map information. Plan an escape route for an escape and evacuation site. Finally, the monitoring signal transmitting and receiving unit of the environmental safety monitoring terminal transmits a control signal to an escape indicating unit to display an escape direction.
The above described features and advantages of the present invention will be more apparent from the following description.
BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS Figure 1 is a block diagram of a system component of the present invention. 2 is a schematic diagram of an embodiment of FIG. 1 applied to a space. Please refer to FIG. 1 and FIG. 2 at the same time, and the same components are denoted by the same reference numerals. In FIG. 1 , the environmental safety monitoring and escape guidance system includes a human mobile terminal 110 , an environment sensing unit 120 , an escape indication unit 130 , and an environmental security monitoring terminal 140 .
The personal mobile terminal 110 is preferably a smart mobile phone (in the following embodiment, for convenience of explanation, the smart mobile phone represents the personal mobile terminal 110 in the figure), and includes a mobile terminal positioning unit 150 and a mobile terminal signal transceiver. In the unit 160, the mobile terminal positioning unit 150 obtains the location information 151 of the personal mobile terminal 110, and the mobile terminal transceiver unit 160 transmits the location information 151 to the environmental security monitoring terminal 140. The environment sensing unit 120 is disposed at a monitoring location to sense and obtain an environmental parameter 121 for transmission to the environmental security monitoring terminal 140. The escape indicating unit 130 displays an escape direction.
The environmental security monitoring unit 140 includes a monitoring terminal processing unit 170, a monitoring terminal signal transmitting and receiving unit 180, and a map information 190. The map information 190 includes at least one escape port 191 and a refuge site 192. The monitoring terminal processing unit 170 transmits wireless communication. The environment sensing unit 120 is connected to obtain the environmental parameter 121, and generates a disaster warning signal 171 according to the environmental parameter 121. The monitoring terminal signal transmitting and receiving unit 180 transmits the disaster warning signal 171 to the personal mobile terminal 110, and transmits and receives the signal through the monitoring terminal. The unit 180 obtains the location information 151 of the personal mobile terminal 110, the escape port 191, and the evacuation site 192, so that the monitoring terminal processing unit 170 provides an escape route 141 according to the location information 151 of the personal mobile terminal 110, and transmits it through the monitoring terminal signal transceiving unit 180. A control signal 142 is sent to the escape indication unit 130 to control the escape direction displayed by the escape indication unit 130.
The monitoring end processing unit 170 plans the escape route 141 to the personal mobile terminal 110 by using the location information 151 of the personal mobile terminal 110 as a starting point, each evacuation site 192 as an end point, and a route planning method for escaping through the escape port 191.
In this embodiment, the personal mobile terminal 110 further includes a mobile sensing unit to sense one of the mobile terminal environment parameters of the personal mobile terminal 110. The monitoring terminal processing unit 170 is mainly responsible for receiving the received mobile environment parameters. Analysis and judgment to inform the most appropriate escape route 141. Alternatively, the received environmental parameters are analyzed and judged, and the escape route 141 is transmitted to the individual mobile terminals 110 trapped at the disaster site via the monitoring terminal signal transceiving unit 180 to inform the most appropriate escape route.
In this embodiment, the personal mobile terminal 110 further transmits the disaster site condition, the number of the affected persons and the location to the environmental security monitoring terminal 140 by using wireless communication to facilitate the rescue.
In this embodiment, the environment sensing unit 120 further includes a personnel monitoring unit to integrate the location information 151 of the personal mobile terminal 110 transmitted from the personal mobile terminal 110 to the environment security monitoring terminal 140. The environment security monitoring terminal 140 can Use this information to learn about the number of people in each floor of the building and monitor it. In addition, the personnel monitoring unit further provides usage statistics of each escape route 141, and transmits the number of people to the personal mobile terminal 110 through the environmental security monitoring terminal 140 to inform each user of the mobile terminal 110.
In this embodiment, the escape indication unit 130 further includes a voice escape guide unit. When the environment security monitoring terminal 140 transmits the correct escape route 141 to the personal mobile terminal 110, the user simultaneously uses the personal mobile terminal 110 and the voice. The escape guide of the escape guide unit to leave the disaster scene quickly and efficiently.
In this embodiment, the environmental security monitoring terminal 140 further provides the material supply items set in each evacuation site and the current number of people at the evacuation site 192.
In this embodiment, the environment sensing unit is preferably a gravity sensor to sense the information of the earthquake disaster.
In this embodiment, the environmental sensing unit is preferably a smoke sensor, and the smoke concentration is used as a basis for detecting the occurrence of a fire.
Referring to FIG. 3, a schematic diagram of an escape route displayed on a mobile phone according to another embodiment of the present invention is shown. In the figure, the screen 111 of the personal mobile terminal (smartphone) 110 displays the location map corresponding to the personal mobile terminal (smartphone) 110.
In the general office building, there is a fire situation, the escape route transmitted according to the environmental security monitoring terminal 140 (please refer to FIG. 1) and the user location 113 displayed by the personal mobile terminal (smartphone) 110, and During the escape process, the screen 111 of the personal mobile terminal (smartphone) 110 displays the number 112 of each route as the basis for the environmental security monitoring terminal 140 to indicate the preferred escape route 141. In Figure 3, the number of escapes displayed on the stairs 1 is 63, and the number of escapes displayed on the stairs 2 is 15 people. Therefore, the environmental safety monitoring terminal 140 uses the stairs 1 as the preferred escape route 141. Escape.
Referring to FIG. 4, a schematic diagram of a resource supply area displayed on a mobile phone according to another embodiment of the present invention is shown. In the figure, the screen 111 of the personal mobile terminal (smartphone) 110 displays the location map corresponding to the personal mobile terminal (smartphone) 110.
When the asylum seeker escapes from the indoor space, the resource location 114 and the user location 113 displayed by the personal mobile terminal (smartphone) 110 transmitted by the environmental security monitoring terminal 140 (refer to FIG. 1) may be escaped. In the process, the screen 111 of the personal mobile terminal (smartphone) 110 displays the materials that can be supplied by each resource supply area 114 and the number of people currently evacuated for the user to select the resource supply area 114. In FIG. 4, the resource supply area 114 displays water and food in the resource supply area 114, and the current number of evacuations is 30.
FIG. 5 is a flow chart of a step of another embodiment of the present invention, which mainly includes the following steps, and the related component numbers are shown in FIG. 1:
Step S510: An environment sensing unit 120 is disposed at a monitoring location to sense an environmental parameter 121.
Step S520: The environmental security monitoring terminal 140 obtains the environmental parameter 121 by means of wireless communication.
Step 530: The monitoring end processing unit 170 generates a disaster warning signal 171 according to the environmental parameter 121.
Step S540: Acquire a location information 151 of a person mobile terminal 110 through a mobile positioning unit 150.
Step S550: According to the location information 151 of the personal mobile terminal 110 and one of the escape information 191 and the evacuation site 192 included in the map information 190, an escape route 141 is planned.
Step S560: transmitting a control signal 142 to an escape indication unit 130 through the monitoring terminal signal transceiving unit 180 to display an escape direction.
The monitoring end processing unit 170 plans the escape route 141 to the personal mobile terminal 110 by using the location information 151 of the personal mobile terminal 110 as a starting point, each evacuation site 192 as an end point, and a route planning method for escaping through the escape port 191. Alternatively, the received environmental parameters are analyzed and judged, and the escape route 141 is transmitted to the individual mobile terminals 110 trapped at the disaster site via the monitoring terminal signal transceiving unit 180 to inform the most appropriate escape route.
In summary, the present invention. We are divided into the disaster occurrence, the escape and the safe location selection and the subsequent supply of materials.
(1) A disaster is about to happen or has occurred:
We are divided into two categories, home and regional and general working environment. First, at home and in the region, if an earthquake occurs, the small gravity changes that occur according to the gravity sensor can be transmitted to the environmental safety monitoring terminal within the area, and the environmental safety monitoring terminal sends a text message or a voice message to the individual to move. End, telling the earthquake is about to happen, please flee in time.
In the event of a fire, the smoke sensor in the area is used to sense the location of the fire, and according to the concentration of the smoke, the place where the fire occurred is confirmed, and the environmental safety monitoring terminal in the area is notified in time, and the text is sent by the environmental safety monitoring terminal in the area. Messages or voice messages to the mobile terminal to inform the fire, please choose to escape. Other disasters are first transmitted by each disaster detector (meaning the environment sensing unit) to the environmental security monitoring terminal in the area, and then the environmental security monitoring terminal sends the evacuation message to the personal mobile terminal.
Secondly, in a general working environment, such as an office building, people can sense the earthquake according to the gravity sensor installed on the individual's personal mobile terminal, or the earthquake detection system set by each company can sense the earthquake occurrence. The company's environmental security monitoring terminal sends a message to the personal server, and the user chooses to escape from the indoor environment according to the disaster situation. If a fire occurs, it is the perception of the smoke sensor on each floor, and it is sent to the company's environmental safety monitoring terminal. The company's environmental safety monitoring terminal sends the fire occurrence location and the disaster level to the individual, and then the user flees as appropriate. Other disasters are similar.
At the moment of disaster, the environmental sensing unit and the environmental safety monitoring terminal are more important. First, each environmental sensing unit must accurately and sensitively sense changes in environmental factors, and transmit the unique environmental parameter signals of the disaster to the environmental safety monitoring terminal. Then, the environmental security monitoring terminal converts the unique environmental parameter signal into text information or voice message that the personal mobile terminal can receive and transmits the voice message to the personal mobile terminal.
(2) In the event of a disaster:
In the event of a disaster, if you are indoors, you can use the positioning unit of the mobile phone or the infrared sensor in the room to sense the specific location of each person. After the environmental safety monitoring terminal gets the personal location information, the escape route and the user location will be Send to the personal mobile.
If it is outdoors, the GPS location information can be used to inform each user of the environmental security monitoring terminal, and a nearby safe escape route is obtained and sent to the environmental security monitoring terminal, and the environmental security monitoring terminal transmits relevant information to the personal mobile. end.
During the escape process, the infrared sensors of each escape path continuously perceive the number of people who escape through each escape route to notify the environmental safety monitoring terminal, and the environmental safety monitoring terminal sends the information to the personal mobile terminal, and the environmental safety monitoring terminal is based on the escape port. The evacuation situation of the person provides a better escape route for the personal mobile terminal (as shown in Figure 3).
(3) Information transmission such as safe selection and distribution of materials after the disaster:
After the disaster, the satellite searches for the user who fled the disaster location and sends it to the environmental security monitoring terminal. The environmental security monitoring terminal is sent to the personal mobile terminal through analysis and nearby maps. The personal mobile terminal can according to the location and map. Quickly find resource supply areas.
After the disaster, information on food, water and other materials used and other materials used is of concern. If the user happens to bring a mobile phone or mobile device after the escape, then the various resource supply area information provided by the environmental security monitoring terminal can be obtained through the mobile phone or the mobile device. Because the material distribution point or the surviving store, etc., the environment will be continuously sent to the user's mobile phone or mobile device through the environmental security monitoring terminal, and the environmental security monitoring terminal will display the latest picture at this time at regular intervals. It is sent to the personal mobile terminal for the user to select the appropriate place to obtain the livelihood resources such as food (as shown in Figure 4).
While the present invention has been described above in the foregoing embodiments, it is not intended to limit the invention, and the equivalents of the modifications and retouchings are still in the present invention without departing from the spirit and scope of the invention. Within the scope of patent protection.
110. . . Personal mobile
111. . . Screen
112. . . Number of people
113. . . User location
114. . . Resource supply area
120. . . Environmental sensing unit
121. . . Environmental parameters
130. . . Escape indicator unit
140. . . Environmental safety monitoring terminal
141. . . Escape routes
142. . . Control signal
150. . . Mobile positioning unit
151. . . Location information
160. . . Mobile signal transceiver unit
170. . . Monitor processing unit
171. . . Disaster warning signal
180. . . Monitoring signal transceiver unit
190. . . Map information
191. . . Escape port
192. . . Refuge place
S510~S560. . . Step flow
1 is a block diagram of a system component of an embodiment of the present invention.
2 is a schematic diagram of an embodiment of an embodiment of FIG. 1 applied to a space.
3 is a schematic diagram showing an escape route on a mobile phone according to another embodiment of the present invention.
4 is a schematic diagram showing a resource supply area on a mobile phone according to another embodiment of the present invention.
Figure 5 is a flow chart showing the steps of still another embodiment of the present invention.
110. . . Personal mobile
120. . . Environmental sensing unit
121. . . Environmental parameters
130. . . Escape indicator unit
140. . . Environmental safety monitoring terminal
141. . . Escape routes
142. . . Control signal
150. . . Mobile positioning unit
151. . . Location information
160. . . Mobile signal transceiver unit
170. . . Monitor processing unit
171. . . Disaster warning signal
180. . . Monitoring signal transceiver unit
190. . . Map information
191. . . Escape port
192. . . Refuge place

Claims (9)

  1. An environmental safety monitoring and escape guiding system comprises: a mobile terminal, comprising a mobile positioning unit and a mobile signal transceiver unit, wherein the mobile positioning unit obtains position information of the personal mobile terminal, the mobile terminal signal The transceiver unit transmits the location information; an environment sensing unit is disposed at a monitoring location to sense and obtain an environmental parameter; an escape indicating unit displays an escape direction; and an environmental security monitoring terminal The device includes a monitoring terminal processing unit, a monitoring terminal signal transmitting and receiving unit, and a map information. The map information includes at least one escape port and a refuge site. The monitoring terminal processing unit connects the environment sensing unit by wireless communication. Obtaining the environmental parameter, and generating a disaster warning signal according to the environmental parameter, the monitoring terminal signal transmitting unit transmits the disaster warning signal to the personal mobile terminal, and obtaining the position of the personal mobile terminal through the monitoring terminal signal transmitting and receiving unit Information, so that the monitoring terminal processing unit according to the location information, the escape The planning and a place of refuge in the escape route to escape route according to flee the place of refuge, and transmits a control signal to the indicating unit to control the escape of escape of the escape direction indication unit displayed through the monitor signal terminal transceiving unit.
  2. The environmental safety monitoring and escape guidance system of claim 1, wherein the personal mobile terminal further comprises a mobile sensing unit to sense a mobile environment parameter of the location of the personal mobile terminal.
  3. For example, the environmental safety monitoring and escape guidance system described in claim 1 of the patent scope, wherein the personal mobile terminal further transmits the disaster site condition, the number of persons and the location of the disaster to the environmental safety monitoring terminal by using wireless communication to facilitate rescue. .
  4. The environmental safety monitoring and escape guidance system according to claim 1, wherein the environmental sensing unit further comprises a personnel monitoring unit for integrating the location information of the personal mobile terminal transmitted by the personal mobile terminal. Returning to the environmental safety monitoring terminal, the environmental safety monitoring terminal can use this information to know the number of people in each floor of the room and monitor it.
  5. For example, the environmental safety monitoring and escape guidance system described in claim 4, wherein the personnel monitoring unit further provides statistics on the number of users of each of the escape routes, and transmits the number of people to the individual through the environmental security monitoring terminal. The mobile terminal informs the user of each individual mobile terminal.
  6. The environmental safety monitoring and escape guiding system according to claim 1, wherein the escape indicating unit further comprises a voice escape guiding unit, and the environmental safety monitoring terminal transmits the correct escape route to the personal mobile terminal. Afterwards, the user simultaneously uses the escape route displayed by the personal mobile terminal and the escape voice indication of the voice escape guide unit to leave the disaster scene quickly and efficiently.
  7. For example, the environmental safety monitoring and escape guidance system described in claim 1 wherein the environmental safety monitoring terminal further provides a material supply item set in each of the evacuation sites and a current number of people at the evacuation site.
  8. The environmental safety monitoring and escape guiding system according to claim 1, wherein the environmental sensing unit is a gravity sensor for sensing a seismic disaster, and the environmental sensing unit is a smoke sensing The instrument senses the smoke concentration as the basis for detecting the occurrence of a fire.
  9. An environmental safety monitoring and warning escape method includes the following steps: setting an environmental sensing unit to sense an environmental parameter at a monitoring location; and causing an environmental safety monitoring terminal to obtain the environmental parameter by means of wireless communication; The monitoring end processing unit of the environmental security monitoring terminal generates a disaster warning signal; obtains a location information of a mobile terminal by using a mobile positioning unit; and according to at least one escape port included in the map information of the environmental security monitoring terminal A refuge site and the location information are used to plan an escape route; and a control signal is transmitted through the monitoring terminal transceiver unit to an escape indication unit to display an escape direction.
TW101100432A 2011-10-14 2012-01-05 An environmental safety monitoring escape-guidance system and its method of warning TWI448993B (en)

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TW201316295A (en) 2013-04-16
CN103041521B (en) 2015-07-15

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