KR20160050994A - Method and apparatus for decision-making at disaster site - Google Patents

Method and apparatus for decision-making at disaster site Download PDF

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Publication number
KR20160050994A
KR20160050994A KR1020140150299A KR20140150299A KR20160050994A KR 20160050994 A KR20160050994 A KR 20160050994A KR 1020140150299 A KR1020140150299 A KR 1020140150299A KR 20140150299 A KR20140150299 A KR 20140150299A KR 20160050994 A KR20160050994 A KR 20160050994A
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South Korea
Prior art keywords
information
disaster site
members
unit
disaster
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KR1020140150299A
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Korean (ko)
Inventor
이승형
안병덕
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에이앤디엔지니어링 주식회사
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Priority to KR1020140150299A priority Critical patent/KR20160050994A/en
Publication of KR20160050994A publication Critical patent/KR20160050994A/en

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    • GPHYSICS
    • G06COMPUTING; CALCULATING; COUNTING
    • G06QDATA PROCESSING SYSTEMS OR METHODS, SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR ADMINISTRATIVE, COMMERCIAL, FINANCIAL, MANAGERIAL, SUPERVISORY OR FORECASTING PURPOSES; SYSTEMS OR METHODS SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR ADMINISTRATIVE, COMMERCIAL, FINANCIAL, MANAGERIAL, SUPERVISORY OR FORECASTING PURPOSES, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • G06Q50/00Systems or methods specially adapted for specific business sectors, e.g. utilities or tourism
    • G06Q50/10Services
    • G06Q50/26Government or public services

Abstract

The purpose of the present invention is to provide a method and an apparatus to make a decision in a disaster site to select a suitable rescue worker for entering a disaster site based on at least one among environmental information for a disaster site before rescue workers enter the disaster site, body information of the rescue worker, and a work skill level of the rescue worker and to enter the selected rescue worker into the disaster site. The present specification relates to a method and an apparatus to make a decision in a disaster site. According to an embodiment of the present specification, the method comprises the steps of: collecting at least one among environment information for a disaster site, safety information for rescue workers, and location information of the rescue workers; transmitting an order to a terminal of the rescue workers by determining that a rescue worker corresponding to information exceeding a threshold value is in a dangerous situation when at least one information among the collected information exceeds the threshold value; selecting a suitable rescue worker for entering the disaster site before the rescue workers enter the disaster site; and transmitting an order for request the entering into the disaster site to a terminal of the selected rescue worker.

Description

METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR DECISION-MAKING AT DISASTER SITE
The present specification relates to methods and apparatus for disaster site decision making.
Recently, large-scale disasters and accidents such as earthquakes, building collapses, fires, and explosions have been occurring all over the world. Therefore, it is necessary to search for rescuers who are isolated in dangerous areas such as disaster facilities or disaster areas, , Rescue workers, rescue people, and suppress fire and other disasters. Rescue activities by firefighters, police officers, paramedics, and other disaster relief crews are increasing.
In this way, both disaster relief workers and workers are put into the disaster site and scattered to various parts of the site to develop various activities. In general, disaster scenarios are very likely to be exposed to hazards such as flames, high temperatures, toxic gases, and external impacts, which are likely to result in disaster victims being at risk.
In particular, fire - related disaster sites may be a serious situation that threatens the safety of rescuers as well as the rescuers due to the large number of risk factors that may interfere with the activities of rescuers. This is because it is difficult to grasp the environment of the disaster site, to grasp the safety status of the rescuers, to locate the rescuers and to confirm the route of the disaster, and it is difficult to grasp the situation of the rescuers at the field command post.
In addition, a conventional on-site command post may not be able to rescue the rescue team in an appropriate time because it is difficult to immediately cope with the dangerous situation even if the rescue team recognizes the danger situation of the rescue team in the disaster scene.
In addition, when the disaster occurs, the environment of the disaster site varies greatly depending on the situation. However, disaster relief activities are inefficiently performed because the rescuers do not consider the profession of body information and rescue work at all, It is true.
The present invention has been made to solve the above-mentioned problems, and it is an object of the present invention to at least collect at least one of environmental information on a disaster site, safety information on members and position information of members, When the predetermined threshold value is exceeded, a member corresponding to the information exceeding the threshold value is determined to be in a dangerous state, and the command is transmitted to the terminal of the members, thereby displaying a notification window corresponding to each danger situation, displaying event information, And to provide a disaster site decision method and apparatus capable of taking reasonable decisions such as a rescue request action.
Another object of the present disclosure is to provide a method of selecting suitable members to be input into a disaster site based on at least one of the environmental information on the disaster site, the physical information of the member, and the mastery of the work of the member before the members are input to the disaster site And to provide a method and apparatus for making a decision on a disaster site in which a selected member is put into a disaster site.
The disaster site decision method according to an embodiment of the present invention includes collecting at least one of environmental information on a disaster site, safety information on the members, and location information of the members; And transmitting the command to the terminal of the members when the information of at least one of the collected information exceeds a predetermined threshold, determining that the member corresponding to the information exceeding the threshold is a dangerous situation, Selecting a suitable crew member to be put into a disaster site before being put into the site; And transmitting an instruction to the terminal of the selected member to request entry to the disaster site.
The disaster site decision apparatus according to an embodiment of the present invention includes a data collection unit for collecting at least one of environmental information on a disaster site, safety information on the members, and location information of the members; A status monitoring unit for determining that a member corresponding to the information exceeding the threshold is a dangerous situation and transmitting a command to the terminal of the members if at least one of the information collected by the data collecting unit exceeds a predetermined threshold; And selecting a member suitable for input to the disaster site corresponding to the environmental information collected by the data collection unit before the members are input to the disaster site and requesting the terminal of the selected member to enter the disaster site And a unit selection unit for transmitting a command to the display unit.
According to an embodiment of the present invention, it is possible to make a reasonable decision on disaster relief activities on the basis of environment information on the disaster site, safety information on the members, location information of the members, and the like. This can prevent the rescue workers from suffering casualties caused by rescue operations.
According to one embodiment of the present invention, disaster relief can be streamlined by allowing rescuers, who are skilled in the physical information and rescue work of the rescue personnel, to enter the disaster site in accordance with the different environmental information of each disaster site have.
In addition, according to one embodiment of the present invention, it is possible to prevent the rescue personnel from being in a dangerous situation by sensing the risk factors of the rescue site in real time and grasping the dangerous situation of the rescue team in real time.
Also, according to one embodiment of the present disclosure, measures can be taken to allow the rescue personnel to quickly escape to a dangerous situation even in the case of a dangerous situation.
In addition, according to one embodiment of the present invention, it is possible to secure the safety of the rescue personnel by making rational decisions such as a notification window display, event information display, alarm sound output, and structure request action corresponding to each danger situation of the rescue team .
Figure 1 is a block diagram of a disaster site decision system in accordance with one embodiment of the present disclosure.
2 is a block diagram of a disaster site decision apparatus 130 according to an embodiment of the present invention.
3 is a block diagram of the state monitoring unit 250 according to an embodiment of the present invention.
4 is a flow chart illustrating a method of making a disaster site decision in accordance with one embodiment of the present disclosure.
5 is a diagram showing event information according to an embodiment of the present invention.
It is noted that the technical terms used herein are used only to describe specific embodiments and are not intended to limit the invention. It is also to be understood that the technical terms used herein are to be interpreted in a sense generally understood by a person skilled in the art to which the present invention belongs, Should not be construed to mean, or be interpreted in an excessively reduced sense. Further, when a technical term used herein is an erroneous technical term that does not accurately express the spirit of the present invention, it should be understood that technical terms that can be understood by a person skilled in the art are replaced. In addition, the general terms used in the present invention should be interpreted according to a predefined or prior context, and should not be construed as being excessively reduced. Also, the singular forms "as used herein include plural referents unless the context clearly dictates otherwise. In the present application, the term "comprising" or "comprising" or the like should not be construed as necessarily including the various elements or steps described in the specification, Or may be further comprised of additional components or steps.
Further, the suffix "module" and "part" for components used in the present specification are given or mixed in consideration of ease of specification, and do not have their own meaning or role.
Furthermore, terms including ordinals such as first, second, etc. used in this specification can be used to describe various elements, but the elements should not be limited by the terms. The terms are used only for the purpose of distinguishing one component from another. For example, without departing from the scope of the present invention, the first component may be referred to as a second component, and similarly, the second component may also be referred to as a first component.
Hereinafter, exemplary embodiments of the present invention will be described in detail with reference to the accompanying drawings, wherein like reference numerals refer to like or similar elements throughout the several views, and redundant description thereof will be omitted.
In the following description, well-known functions or constructions are not described in detail since they would obscure the invention in unnecessary detail. It is to be noted that the accompanying drawings are only for the purpose of facilitating understanding of the present invention, and should not be construed as limiting the scope of the present invention with reference to the accompanying drawings.
Figure 1 is a block diagram of a disaster site decision system in accordance with one embodiment of the present disclosure.
Referring to FIG. 1, a disaster site decision system in accordance with an embodiment of the present disclosure may include a plurality of member terminals 110, a wireless communication network 120, and a disaster site decision apparatus 130.
The plurality of crew terminal 110 includes a sensor capable of sensing environmental information and rescue safety information of the rescue crew in the disaster site, a GPS (registered trademark) GPS receiver capable of receiving position information from the GPS satellite, Modules. The sensor may be attached to the body or belongings of the rescue crew and may be attached to, for example, a fire fighting helmet, an oxygen respirator, a fire fighting garment, or the like. For example, the sensor includes at least one of a temperature sensor, a humidity sensor, a remaining capacity measurement sensor, a gas sensor, a body temperature sensor, a pulse detection sensor, a blood pressure measurement sensor,
Accordingly, a plurality of the crew terminal 110 may include a disaster including at least one of ambient temperature, humidity, remaining amount of air, amount of carbon dioxide, amount of carbon monoxide, distribution of toxic gas, The security information of the rescue personnel including at least one of the respiration amount of the rescue personnel, the heartbeat, the body temperature and the remaining amount of the air can be received through the sensor, and the position information of the rescue team can be received through the position acquiring module .
The plurality of member terminals 110 are not limited to using the GPS module embedded in the plurality of member terminals 110 to confirm the location information of the rescuers,
The location information of the rescue personnel may be received based on the location information received from the GPS satellites, or based on local communications including ZigBee and WiFi.
The plurality of crew terminal 110 transmits at least one of the environmental information on the disaster site, the safety information of the rescue crew, and the location information of the rescue crew into the disaster site decision unit 110 via the wireless communication network 120, (130).
In addition, a plurality of the member terminals 110 notifies the disaster site decision unit 130 of the dangerous situation of the rescue personnel located within a predetermined range based on the position information of the respective rescue personnel, Sound information, and voice information. Here, the sound information represents sound or music, and the voice message represents a message outputting text input through text through TTS (voice to speech).
As described above, the disaster scene decision unit 130 may collect at least one of environmental information on the disaster site, safety information of the rescuer, and location information of the rescuer from the plurality of the member terminals 110. [ In more detail, the disaster scene decision unit 130 acquires information on the ambient temperature, humidity, amount of remaining air, amount of carbon monoxide, distribution of toxic gas, image information of a disaster scene from a plurality of the member terminals 110 The safety information of the rescuer including at least one of the respiration amount of the rescuer, the heart rate, the body temperature and the remaining amount of the reservoir, and the position information of the rescuer can be collected.
In addition, the disaster scene decision unit 130 may be configured not to receive a plurality of crew terminals 110 possessed by a rescue crew who has entered a disaster site but to receive a rescue crew member from an external terminal (not shown) The environment information such as the image information of the disaster scene can be received before the input. Here, the disaster site decision-making unit 130 can confirm the environmental information of the disaster site before the rescuer puts it on the disaster site, and can appropriately input the disaster site to the disaster site in accordance with the environmental information of the disaster site Can be selected.
In addition, the disaster site decision-making unit 130 may determine at least one of the physical information of the rescuer, the disaster site experience of the rescuer, and the proficiency level of the rescuer's work, prior to selecting a plurality of rescuers to be placed at the disaster site And stores them in a database. Accordingly, when a plurality of rescue workers are to be put into a disaster site, the rescue site decision maker 130 selects a rescue crew having a high degree of physical health and skill from a plurality of rescue workers, The rescue crew can be selected for additional input through the environmental information on the disaster site collected from the terminal of the rescue crew who is firstly input to the disaster site.
That is, the disaster site decision-making unit 130 is placed on the disaster site based on at least one of the environmental information on the disaster site, the body information of the rescuer, the disaster site experience of the rescuer, and the proficiency level of the rescuer's work A suitable rescue crew may be selected and a command requesting entry to the disaster site may be transmitted to the selected rescue crew terminal.
In addition, the disaster scene decision unit 130 may determine that at least one of the environmental information on the disaster site, the safety information of the rescuer, and the location information of the rescuer, which are collected from the plurality of the member terminals 110, , It is determined that the rescue personnel corresponding to the information exceeding the threshold value is a dangerous situation and notified to the plurality of the crew terminal 110 that the rescue crew is in danger, Information and voice information in at least one form.
Detailed configuration of the disaster area decision apparatus 130 according to an embodiment of the present invention will be described later with reference to FIG.
2 is a block diagram of a disaster site decision apparatus 130 according to an embodiment of the present invention.
2, a disaster site decision apparatus 130 according to an embodiment of the present invention includes a data collection unit 210, a member state monitoring unit 220, an input unit 230, a member selection unit 240, A status monitoring unit 250, a display unit 260, and a database unit 270.
The data collecting unit 210 collects at least one of environmental information on the disaster site, safety information of the rescuer, and position information of the rescuer from a plurality of the member terminals 110 held by the plurality of rescuers entered at the disaster site . Here, the environmental information on the disaster site includes information such as ambient temperature, humidity, air bag residual amount, carbon dioxide amount, carbon monoxide amount, toxic gas distribution, and image information of the disaster site based on the position of each rescue member, May include information such as respiratory volume, heart rate, body temperature, and remaining volume of the reservoir.
The data collecting unit 210 may be configured to collect, for example, a terminal of a witness who has witnessed a disaster site or a disaster terminal (not shown) before a plurality of rescuers are put into a disaster site, Environmental information such as image information of the disaster scene can be received from some rescue personnel terminal firstly inputted to the site, and environmental information about the disaster site can be collected.
For example, environmental information about a disaster site is very different depending on the type of disaster such as earthquake, building collapse, fire, explosion, etc., and it is necessary to select a member suitable for rescue operation according to environmental information at a disaster site by type of disaster. To this end, the data collecting unit 210 collects information on the skill level of the work or experience of the work corresponding to each rescue worker before storing the plurality of rescue workers in the disaster site, and stores the collected information in the database unit 270 .
The crew state monitoring unit 220 monitors the physical condition of a plurality of rescue workers before extracting a plurality of rescue personnel to the disaster site, extracts corresponding physical information from each rescue crew, (Name of rescuer, terminal information of rescuer, resident registration number, etc.) of the rescuer in the database unit 270. In short, the physical information may include information about height, physique including body weight, disability, blood pressure, pulse, EEG, and health condition.
The input unit 230 may include environment information on a disaster site to which the rescuers, which are the information collected by the data collecting unit 210, are input, safety information on the rescuers entered into the disaster site, The threshold value can be inputted. Here, the threshold value may be set to a certain range such as "critical minimum value to critical maximum value ".
In addition, the input unit 230 includes an alarm including log information including an ID and a password, an identifier of each rescue member, an identifier of the terminal corresponding to each rescue member, a critical minimum value, a threshold maximum value, an occurrence time, Information can be input.
Also, the input unit 230 may receive button inputs such as action, confirmation, and hold when the information collected by the data collection unit 210 exceeds a predetermined threshold value. At this time, Sending a message, confirming status information, and the like.
In addition, the input unit 230 may be configured such that the state monitoring unit 250, which will be described later, detects any one of environmental information about the disaster site collected through the data collecting unit 210, safety information of the rescuer, Order information on the order of determining whether the set threshold value is exceeded or not can be inputted.
For example, referring to FIG. 4, the state monitoring unit 250 may determine a predetermined threshold value in the order of environmental information about the disaster site, safety information of the rescuer, and position information of the rescuer inputted through the input unit 230 Can be determined. Hereinafter, the process of determining whether the state monitoring unit 250 has exceeded a preset threshold value for the information collected through the data collecting unit 210 will be described with reference to FIG.
Prior to inputting the members to the disaster site, the member selection agency 240 divides the members into the group of the good state, the warning state, and the non-good state according to the body information of the members extracted from the member state monitoring unit 220, A member of a group or a group to be put on the scene can be selected.
For example, the body information is information on height, body weight, physical disability, blood pressure, pulse, brain wave, health condition, etc., and the member selection unit 240 analyzes the body information, You can ask the selected crews to put them into the disaster site that is difficult to rescue. As a result, the member selection unit 240 can select a member suitable for input to the disaster site corresponding to the environmental information collected by the data collection unit 210.
In addition, the crew selection unit 240 selects a suitable crew member to be input to the disaster site based on the skill level of the work associated with the identifier of each crew previously stored in the database unit 270 or the experience of the work can do. For example, a rescue crew who has a high level of proficiency in work or experience in work can be selected as a suitable member to be placed in a disaster site identified as a disaster site difficult to rescue through environmental information at a disaster site.
If at least one of the pieces of information collected by the data collecting unit 210 exceeds a predetermined threshold value, the state monitoring unit 250 determines that the rescuer corresponding to the information exceeding the threshold value is a dangerous situation, It is possible to transmit the command to the terminal of the rescue personnel located within the predetermined range based on the position or to the terminal of the rescue party at the shortest distance. At this time, according to the order information inputted through the input unit 230, the environmental information about the disaster site, the safety information of the members, and the position information of the members are collected in the data collecting unit 210 And the order information can be changed.
The status monitoring unit 250 may display the information collected by the data collecting unit 210 in real time through the display unit 260. When the information collected by the data collecting unit 210 exceeds a preset threshold value A warning alarm window can be displayed through the display unit 260. [
In addition, the status monitoring unit 230 may display identifiers of rescue members corresponding to the exceeded information in different colors according to whether a predetermined threshold value of the information collected in the data collecting unit 210 is exceeded.
The state monitoring unit 230 analyzes the state information of the rescue party according to the information collected by the data collecting unit 210 and matches the state information of the rescue party analyzed to the database unit 270 Can be stored. Here, the state information may be classified into a normal state, a warning state, and a dangerous state. For example, if the information collected by the data collecting unit 210 is smaller than the threshold minimum value at a preset threshold range (threshold minimum value to maximum threshold value) through the input unit 230, If it is included in the threshold of the range, it can be classified into the warning state, and if it is larger than the critical maximum value, it can be classified into the dangerous state.
If at least one of the pieces of information collected by the data collecting unit 210 exceeds a predetermined threshold value, the status monitoring unit 250 determines that the rescuer corresponding to the exceeded information is in a dangerous situation, At least one of a terminal of all rescuers except the rescuer, a terminal of rescuer located at the shortest distance from the rescuer or a terminal of rescuer located within a predetermined range based on the position information of the rescuer, And transmit sound information or voice message informing the rescue request and location information of the rescuer.
In addition, the state monitoring unit 230 monitors the environmental information on the disaster site, the safety information of each member, and each member according to the state information classified into the normal state, the warning state, and the dangerous state, Can be displayed on the display unit 260 in different colors. Detailed configuration of the state monitoring unit 250 according to an embodiment of the present invention will be described with reference to FIG.
The display unit 260 may display information collected by the data collecting unit 210 in real time and may display a warning alarm window when the information collected by the data collecting unit 210 exceeds a preset threshold value . Also, the display unit 260 can display the information collected by the data collecting unit 210 at each time by matching the event occurrence time, the analyzed state information through the state monitoring unit 230, and the identification information of each member have.
The database unit 270 stores event information occurring in the device when the device is logged in / out and image information of the disaster scene. 5, and includes state information (a normal state, a warning state, and a dangerous state) analyzed by the state monitoring unit 230 based on the information collected by the data collecting unit 210, Status information analyzed to alert status and critical status can be highlighted in a different color so that the administrator of the device can intuitively and quickly verify and take action.
In addition, the database unit 270 stores at least one of the skill level of the work, the experience degree of the work, and the body information extracted corresponding to each rescue team in correspondence with each rescue team that can be input to the disaster site (Name of rescuer, terminal information of rescuer, resident registration number, etc.) of the rescuer.
The database unit 270 stores the information collected by the data collecting unit 210 at each time in the event occurrence time, state information analyzed in the state monitoring unit 230 (normal state, warning state, and critical state) And is stored with matching identification information of each member.
3 is a block diagram of the state monitoring unit 250 according to an embodiment of the present invention.
3, the state monitoring unit 250 includes a position tracking module 310, a deviation distance monitoring module 320, a member environment monitoring module 330, a log management and decision module (340).
The location tracking module 310 tracks the location of the rescue personnel according to the location information collected by the data collection unit 210. In this way, the location tracking module 310 can retrieve rescue crews that are adjacent to the shortest distance based on the position of the specific rescue team and rescue team members that are located within a predetermined range. In addition, the location tracking module 310 can display the location movement path of each member through the display unit 260 using the location information of each rescue member stored in the database unit 270 and the identification information of each rescue member.
When the position tracking module 310 displays the position movement path of each rescue member, the escape distance monitoring module 320 displays the distance between the rescue team members based on the position of the specific rescue member through the display unit 260 can do. In addition, the deviation distance monitoring module 320 calculates the distance between the rescue members using the position information tracked by the position tracking module 310, checks whether the distance between the calculated members exceeds a preset threshold value, It is possible to determine whether or not there is a deviation.
The crew environment monitoring module 330 is a module for monitoring environmental information of the crew including at least one of temperature, humidity, air cylinder residual amount, carbon dioxide amount, carbon monoxide amount and toxic gas distribution based on the position of each rescue member, Monitoring the safety information of the member including at least one of the heartbeat, body temperature, and remaining amount of the reservoir in real time, checking whether the environment information of the confirmed member and safety information of the member exceeds the predetermined threshold value, can do. The state information can be classified into a normal state, a warning state, and a dangerous state.
The log management and decision module 340 manages the log using the ID and the password, and can determine whether or not to issue a command according to whether there is a departure of the member or the member state information.
4 is a flow chart illustrating a method of making a disaster site decision in accordance with one embodiment of the present disclosure.
The disaster scene decision unit 130 may collect at least one of environmental information on the disaster site, safety information of the rescuer, and position information of the rescuer from the plurality of the member terminals 110. [ In addition, the disaster scene decision unit 130 determines the order of determining whether any of the collected environmental information on the disaster site, the safety information of the rescuer, and the location information of the rescuer exceeds a predetermined threshold value Information can be input. For example, in FIG. 4, the disaster scene decision unit 130 can determine whether the environmental information on the disaster site, the safety information of the rescuer, and the position information of the rescuer, have.
Referring to FIG. 4, in step 410, the disaster scene decision unit 130 collects environmental information on a disaster scene from a plurality of the member terminals 110. At this time, the disaster scene decision unit 130 receives from the plurality of the member terminals 110 at least one of ambient temperature, humidity, remaining air volume, carbon monoxide amount, toxic gas distribution, and image information of the disaster scene Environmental information about a disaster site including one can be collected.
In step 420, the disaster site decision unit 130 determines whether the environmental information on the disaster site collected in step 410 exceeds a predetermined environmental threshold. Here, the environmental threshold value refers to a predetermined range of values corresponding to at least one of ambient temperature, humidity, remaining amount of air cylinder, amount of carbon monoxide, distribution of toxic gas, and image information of the disaster scene based on the position of the rescue team. If it is determined in step 420 that the environmental information on the disaster site corresponding to the rescue crew exceeds the predetermined environment threshold, the process proceeds to step 422. Otherwise, the process proceeds to step 430 do.
In step 422, the disaster scene decision unit 130 searches the identification information of the rescue personnel corresponding to the environmental information on the disaster scene exceeding the predetermined environment threshold, and determines that the rescue personnel corresponding to the retrieved rescue team identification information A warning alarm window is displayed informing that the situation is present, a warning sound is displayed, and then the process proceeds to step 424.
In step 424, the disaster scene decision unit 130 determines that the rescue member corresponding to the identification information of the rescue team retrieved in step 422 is a dangerous situation, the terminal of all rescue personnel except the rescue team, At least one of terminals of the rescuers or terminals of the rescuers located within a predetermined range centering on the position information of the rescuers, sound information or voice message informing the rescue request and position information of the rescuer in a dangerous situation And then proceeds to step 440. In step 440, For example, the voice message may be a pre-stored message such as " gas leaked, XX rescue crew collapsed at XX ", " Request for rescue of XX rescue personnel ", or a message directly converted by the administrator into voice through TTS Lt; / RTI >
If it is determined in step 420 that the environmental information on the disaster scene collected in step 410 does not exceed the preset environmental threshold, the process proceeds to step 430. In step 430, the disaster scene decision unit 130 collects safety information of the members from the plurality of member terminals 110. [ At this time, the disaster scene decision apparatus 130 may collect safety information of the members including at least one of the respiration amount, the heart rate, the body temperature and the remaining amount of the reservoir from the plurality of the member terminals 110.
In step 440, the disaster scene decision unit 130 determines whether the safety information of the members collected in step 430 exceeds a predetermined safety threshold. Here, the safety threshold means a predetermined range of values corresponding to at least one of the respiratory volume, heart rate, body temperature, and reservoir volume of the rescuer. If it is determined in step 440 that the safety information of each member exceeds the predetermined safety threshold, the process proceeds to step 442; otherwise, the process proceeds to step 450.
If it is determined in step 440 that the safety information of each member collected in step 430 exceeds the predetermined safety threshold, the process proceeds to step 442 and step 444. Thereafter, the flow proceeds to step 460. Since steps 442 and 444 are the same as steps 422 and 424 described above, they will not be described in detail. If it is determined in step 440 that the safety information of each member collected in step 430 does not exceed the predetermined safety threshold, the process proceeds to step 450.
In step 450, the disaster scene decision unit 130 collects location information of the members from the plurality of member terminals 110. At this time, the disaster scene decision unit 130 calculates the distances between the members using the location information of the members collected from the plurality of member terminals 110, and proceeds to step 460.
In step 460, the disaster area decision apparatus 130 determines whether the distance between the members calculated in step 450 exceeds a preset position threshold. As a result of the determination in step 460, if the distance between the members exceeds the predetermined position threshold, the process proceeds to steps 462 and 464 and ends. Since steps 462 and 464 are the same as steps 422 and 424 described above, they will not be described in detail.
5 is a diagram showing event information according to an embodiment of the present invention.
As shown in FIG. 5, the event information may include a name, a type, a content, an interlock alarm, and the like.
The name includes information about the information collected from a plurality of the crew terminal 110 (such as low temperature, high temperature, slow pulse (bradycardia), fast pulse (brisk), carbon dioxide concentration, carbon monoxide concentration, Information (steady state, warning state and dangerous state) is displayed in association with each other. The type is indicated by one of the status information including the steady state, the warning state and the dangerous state.
The contents indicate contents of specific status information about the information collected from a plurality of the member terminals 110. For example, if the information collected from a plurality of the member terminals 110 exceeds a predetermined threshold value (a critical minimum value to a critical maximum value) corresponding to the information, the above-described contents are "XX information is very high" Quot; XX information is high "if the information collected from the plurality of member terminals 110 is included in a predetermined threshold corresponding to the information and is a value close to the threshold maximum value, the information collected from the plurality of member terminals 110 corresponds to the information If the information collected from the plurality of member terminals 110 is smaller than the threshold minimum value of the predetermined threshold value corresponding to the information, the "XX information is very low "Quot; low ".
The interlock alarm defines alarm information indicating a warning alarm window corresponding to information exceeding a threshold value when the information collected from the member terminal 110 exceeds a preset threshold value.
In addition, the status information analyzed as the alert status and the danger status can be highlighted in a different color so that the event information can be intuitively and promptly checked and taken by the administrator of the apparatus.
The foregoing description is merely illustrative of the present invention, and various modifications may be made by those skilled in the art without departing from the spirit of the present invention. Accordingly, the embodiments disclosed in the specification of the present invention are not intended to limit the present invention. The scope of the present invention should be construed according to the following claims, and all the techniques within the scope of equivalents should be construed as being included in the scope of the present invention.
110: Crew terminal 20: Wireless communication network
130: Disaster Site Decision Making Unit 10: Data Collection Unit
220: Crew status monitoring unit 230: Input unit
240: Daughter line selection unit 250: Status monitoring unit
260: Display unit 270: Database unit
310: Position tracking module 320: Deviation distance monitoring module
330: Crew environment monitoring module 330: Log management and decision module

Claims (12)

  1. Collecting at least one of environmental information on the disaster site, safety information on the members, and location information of the members; And
    If at least one of the collected information exceeds a predetermined threshold value, it is determined that a member corresponding to the information exceeding the threshold value is in a dangerous state and the command is transmitted to the terminal of the members
    , ≪ / RTI &
    Selecting a member suitable for input to the disaster site before the members are input to the disaster site; And
    And transmitting a command to the selected member terminal to request entry to the disaster site.
  2. The method of claim 1,
    Wherein a member suitable for input to the disaster site is selected based on at least one of environmental information on the disaster site, body information of the member, and proficiency level of the member's work.
  3. The method of claim 1, wherein in the collecting step
    And collecting through a sensor included in a terminal of the crew member mounted on the body of the crew member or the belongings of the crew member.
  4. The method according to claim 1, wherein the step of transmitting the command to the terminals of the members
    Transmitting sound information or a voice message to all the members of the crew entered at the disaster site or searching for a member located within a predetermined range centering around the member and transmitting sound information or voice message to the searched member terminal Disaster area decision making method.
  5. A data collection unit for collecting at least one of environmental information on a disaster site, safety information on the members, and location information of the members;
    A status monitoring unit for determining that a member corresponding to the information exceeding the threshold value is a dangerous situation and transmitting a command to the terminal of the members when at least one of the information collected by the data collecting unit exceeds a predetermined threshold value; And
    A member suitable for inputting to a disaster site corresponding to the environmental information collected by the data collecting unit is selected before the members are input to the disaster site and the user of the selected member is requested to enter the disaster site A line member for transmitting a command
    A disaster site decision device.
  6. 6. The method of claim 5,
    A member state monitoring unit for monitoring the physical state of the members to extract body information;
    Further comprising:
    Wherein the member selection unit selects a member suitable for input to a disaster site based on at least one of environmental information on the disaster site, body information of the member, and proficiency of the member's work.
  7. The method according to claim 6,
    The member selecting unit may divide the members into groups of a good state, a warning state, and a non-good state according to the body information of the members extracted from the member state monitoring unit before the members are input to the disaster site, A group to be input to the disaster site or a member belonging to the group is selected.
  8. The method according to claim 6,
    An input unit for receiving alarm information including the predetermined threshold value; And
    A display unit for displaying a position of the members and a warning alarm window informing the dangerous situation to the members of the members
    Further comprising: means for determining a location of the disaster area;
  9. 9. The method of claim 8,
    Wherein the input unit receives the order information on the order in which the state monitoring unit determines whether any of the environmental information, the safety information, and the position information exceeds a preset threshold value. .
  10. 10. The method of claim 9,
    Wherein the status monitoring unit determines whether at least one of the environment information, the safety information, and the location information exceeds a predetermined threshold according to the order information.
  11. 9. The method of claim 8,
    Wherein the status monitoring unit displays the information through the display unit according to at least one of the environmental information, the safety information, and the positional information collected by the data collecting unit, and at least one of the pieces of information displays a predetermined threshold value And displays a warning alarm window through the display unit if the number exceeds the predetermined threshold.
  12. 6. The method of claim 5,
    The state monitoring unit analyzes the state information according to at least one of the environment information, the safety information, and the position information collected by the data collecting unit, and matches each of the information and the analyzed state information to the database unit And,
    Wherein the state information is classified into a normal state, a warning state, and a dangerous state.

KR1020140150299A 2014-10-31 2014-10-31 Method and apparatus for decision-making at disaster site KR20160050994A (en)

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Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
WO2018070816A3 (en) * 2016-10-13 2018-08-09 한상천 Disaster site monitoring system and method
KR102002253B1 (en) * 2018-04-26 2019-07-19 재단법인대구경북과학기술원 Method for tracking positon using the emergency induction apparatus
KR20190099888A (en) * 2018-02-20 2019-08-28 주식회사 리텍 System and method for monitoring the scene of fire
KR102091465B1 (en) * 2019-12-27 2020-03-20 이광열 System for creating the disaster prevention information based on the CCTV image and big data
KR102283138B1 (en) * 2020-03-06 2021-07-29 (주)위니텍 Integrated command and operation for disaster site and providing method thereof

Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
WO2018070816A3 (en) * 2016-10-13 2018-08-09 한상천 Disaster site monitoring system and method
KR20190099888A (en) * 2018-02-20 2019-08-28 주식회사 리텍 System and method for monitoring the scene of fire
KR102002253B1 (en) * 2018-04-26 2019-07-19 재단법인대구경북과학기술원 Method for tracking positon using the emergency induction apparatus
KR102091465B1 (en) * 2019-12-27 2020-03-20 이광열 System for creating the disaster prevention information based on the CCTV image and big data
KR102283138B1 (en) * 2020-03-06 2021-07-29 (주)위니텍 Integrated command and operation for disaster site and providing method thereof

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