TW460491B - Catalyst activator composition - Google Patents

Catalyst activator composition Download PDF

Info

Publication number
TW460491B
TW460491B TW88113056A TW88113056A TW460491B TW 460491 B TW460491 B TW 460491B TW 88113056 A TW88113056 A TW 88113056A TW 88113056 A TW88113056 A TW 88113056A TW 460491 B TW460491 B TW 460491B
Authority
TW
Taiwan
Prior art keywords
amp
group
catalyst
scope
gt
Prior art date
Application number
TW88113056A
Other languages
English (en)
Inventor
Eugene Y Chen
William J Kruper Jr
Gordon R Roof
Original Assignee
Dow Chemical Co
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Priority to US9608898P priority Critical
Priority to US10422998P priority
Application filed by Dow Chemical Co filed Critical Dow Chemical Co
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of TW460491B publication Critical patent/TW460491B/zh

Links

Classifications

    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C08ORGANIC MACROMOLECULAR COMPOUNDS; THEIR PREPARATION OR CHEMICAL WORKING-UP; COMPOSITIONS BASED THEREON
    • C08FMACROMOLECULAR COMPOUNDS OBTAINED BY REACTIONS ONLY INVOLVING CARBON-TO-CARBON UNSATURATED BONDS
    • C08F10/00Homopolymers and copolymers of unsaturated aliphatic hydrocarbons having only one carbon-to-carbon double bond
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C07ORGANIC CHEMISTRY
    • C07FACYCLIC, CARBOCYCLIC OR HETEROCYCLIC COMPOUNDS CONTAINING ELEMENTS OTHER THAN CARBON, HYDROGEN, HALOGEN, OXYGEN, NITROGEN, SULFUR, SELENIUM OR TELLURIUM
    • C07F5/00Compounds containing elements of Groups 3 or 13 of the Periodic System
    • C07F5/06Aluminium compounds
    • C07F5/061Aluminium compounds with C-aluminium linkage
    • C07F5/066Aluminium compounds with C-aluminium linkage compounds with Al linked to an element other than Al, C, H or halogen (this includes Al-cyanide linkage)
    • C07F5/068Aluminium compounds with C-aluminium linkage compounds with Al linked to an element other than Al, C, H or halogen (this includes Al-cyanide linkage) preparation of alum(in)oxanes
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C08ORGANIC MACROMOLECULAR COMPOUNDS; THEIR PREPARATION OR CHEMICAL WORKING-UP; COMPOSITIONS BASED THEREON
    • C08FMACROMOLECULAR COMPOUNDS OBTAINED BY REACTIONS ONLY INVOLVING CARBON-TO-CARBON UNSATURATED BONDS
    • C08F110/00Homopolymers of unsaturated aliphatic hydrocarbons having only one carbon-to-carbon double bond
    • C08F110/04Monomers containing three or four carbon atoms
    • C08F110/06Propene
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C08ORGANIC MACROMOLECULAR COMPOUNDS; THEIR PREPARATION OR CHEMICAL WORKING-UP; COMPOSITIONS BASED THEREON
    • C08FMACROMOLECULAR COMPOUNDS OBTAINED BY REACTIONS ONLY INVOLVING CARBON-TO-CARBON UNSATURATED BONDS
    • C08F210/00Copolymers of unsaturated aliphatic hydrocarbons having only one carbon-to-carbon double bond
    • C08F210/16Copolymers of ethene with alpha-alkenes, e.g. EP rubbers
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C08ORGANIC MACROMOLECULAR COMPOUNDS; THEIR PREPARATION OR CHEMICAL WORKING-UP; COMPOSITIONS BASED THEREON
    • C08FMACROMOLECULAR COMPOUNDS OBTAINED BY REACTIONS ONLY INVOLVING CARBON-TO-CARBON UNSATURATED BONDS
    • C08F4/00Polymerisation catalysts
    • C08F4/42Metals; Metal hydrides; Metallo-organic compounds; Use thereof as catalyst precursors
    • C08F4/44Metals; Metal hydrides; Metallo-organic compounds; Use thereof as catalyst precursors selected from light metals, zinc, cadmium, mercury, copper, silver, gold, boron, gallium, indium, thallium, rare earths or actinides
    • C08F4/60Metals; Metal hydrides; Metallo-organic compounds; Use thereof as catalyst precursors selected from light metals, zinc, cadmium, mercury, copper, silver, gold, boron, gallium, indium, thallium, rare earths or actinides together with refractory metals, iron group metals, platinum group metals, manganese, rhenium technetium or compounds thereof
    • C08F4/62Refractory metals or compounds thereof
    • C08F4/64Titanium, zirconium, hafnium or compounds thereof
    • C08F4/659Component covered by group C08F4/64 containing a transition metal-carbon bond
    • C08F4/65908Component covered by group C08F4/64 containing a transition metal-carbon bond in combination with an ionising compound other than alumoxane, e.g. (C6F5)4B-X+
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C08ORGANIC MACROMOLECULAR COMPOUNDS; THEIR PREPARATION OR CHEMICAL WORKING-UP; COMPOSITIONS BASED THEREON
    • C08FMACROMOLECULAR COMPOUNDS OBTAINED BY REACTIONS ONLY INVOLVING CARBON-TO-CARBON UNSATURATED BONDS
    • C08F4/00Polymerisation catalysts
    • C08F4/42Metals; Metal hydrides; Metallo-organic compounds; Use thereof as catalyst precursors
    • C08F4/44Metals; Metal hydrides; Metallo-organic compounds; Use thereof as catalyst precursors selected from light metals, zinc, cadmium, mercury, copper, silver, gold, boron, gallium, indium, thallium, rare earths or actinides
    • C08F4/60Metals; Metal hydrides; Metallo-organic compounds; Use thereof as catalyst precursors selected from light metals, zinc, cadmium, mercury, copper, silver, gold, boron, gallium, indium, thallium, rare earths or actinides together with refractory metals, iron group metals, platinum group metals, manganese, rhenium technetium or compounds thereof
    • C08F4/62Refractory metals or compounds thereof
    • C08F4/64Titanium, zirconium, hafnium or compounds thereof
    • C08F4/659Component covered by group C08F4/64 containing a transition metal-carbon bond
    • C08F4/6592Component covered by group C08F4/64 containing a transition metal-carbon bond containing at least one cyclopentadienyl ring, condensed or not, e.g. an indenyl or a fluorenyl ring
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C08ORGANIC MACROMOLECULAR COMPOUNDS; THEIR PREPARATION OR CHEMICAL WORKING-UP; COMPOSITIONS BASED THEREON
    • C08FMACROMOLECULAR COMPOUNDS OBTAINED BY REACTIONS ONLY INVOLVING CARBON-TO-CARBON UNSATURATED BONDS
    • C08F4/00Polymerisation catalysts
    • C08F4/42Metals; Metal hydrides; Metallo-organic compounds; Use thereof as catalyst precursors
    • C08F4/44Metals; Metal hydrides; Metallo-organic compounds; Use thereof as catalyst precursors selected from light metals, zinc, cadmium, mercury, copper, silver, gold, boron, gallium, indium, thallium, rare earths or actinides
    • C08F4/60Metals; Metal hydrides; Metallo-organic compounds; Use thereof as catalyst precursors selected from light metals, zinc, cadmium, mercury, copper, silver, gold, boron, gallium, indium, thallium, rare earths or actinides together with refractory metals, iron group metals, platinum group metals, manganese, rhenium technetium or compounds thereof
    • C08F4/62Refractory metals or compounds thereof
    • C08F4/64Titanium, zirconium, hafnium or compounds thereof
    • C08F4/659Component covered by group C08F4/64 containing a transition metal-carbon bond
    • C08F4/6592Component covered by group C08F4/64 containing a transition metal-carbon bond containing at least one cyclopentadienyl ring, condensed or not, e.g. an indenyl or a fluorenyl ring
    • C08F4/65922Component covered by group C08F4/64 containing a transition metal-carbon bond containing at least one cyclopentadienyl ring, condensed or not, e.g. an indenyl or a fluorenyl ring containing at least two cyclopentadienyl rings, fused or not
    • C08F4/65927Component covered by group C08F4/64 containing a transition metal-carbon bond containing at least one cyclopentadienyl ring, condensed or not, e.g. an indenyl or a fluorenyl ring containing at least two cyclopentadienyl rings, fused or not two cyclopentadienyl rings being mutually bridged
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10STECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10S526/00Synthetic resins or natural rubbers -- part of the class 520 series
    • Y10S526/943Polymerization with metallocene catalysts

Description

46049 1 A7 B7 經濟部智慧財產局員工消費合作社印製 五、發明说明(1 ) 本發明係有關於適用作烯烴聚合反應觸媒活化劑之组 成物。更特定的,本發明係有關於特別適用在不飽和化合 物的配位聚合反應中具改良的活化效率和表現的這類組成 物。這類組成物是特別有利地使用在一聚合反應方法中, 其中觸媒、觸媒活化劑、和至少一種可聚合的單體在聚合 反應條件下能結合形成一聚合產物。 在技術上先前已知藉使用一活化劑來活化齊納 (Ziegler-Natta)聚合反應觸媒,特別是這類觸媒包括含非 定域π ·鍵接配位基的第3-10族金屬錯合物》通常在缺少 這類活化劑化合物時,也指一共觸媒,觀察到很少或無聚 合反應活性》 適用的活化劑之類是路易士酸,特別是鋁烷,通常 相信它們是低聚合的或聚合的烷基鋁氧化合物,包括環狀 低聚物。紹喝统(alumoxanes)(也稱為aluminoxanes)之例包 括曱基鋁噚烷(MAO),由三甲基鋁水解製成,和改質的甲 基銘哼烷(MMAO),其中一部分三甲基鋁被較高烷基鋁化 合物取代’諸如三異丁基鋁。MMAO的優點是它比MAO 更易溶於脂族溶劑。 通常鋁噚烷平均每鋁原子含有1.5個烷基,由三烷基 紹化合物或化合物之混合物與水作用來製備(Reddy et a丨,

Prog. Poly· Sci.,1955, 20, 309-367)。結果的產物實際上是 各種取代的銘化合物之混合物,特別包括了三烷基鋁化合 物(是三院基銘原始試劑之不完全反應或鋁噚烷分解之結 果)°在混合物中這類游離的三烷基鋁化合物之量通常是 本紙張认適用中國ϋ家揉準(CNS > Μ規格(210><297公董) 4 Γ 裝 7訂I - 線 (請先閲讀背面之注意事項再矿馬本頁) 經濟部智慧財產总員工消費合作社印製 A7 ________B7_ 五'發明説明(2 ) 在全部產物重量中的1至50%之間。 當與各種第3-10族金屬錯合物,特別是第4族金屬錯 合物結合時,雖然能有效生成一活性的烯烴聚合反應觸媒 ,但為了產生合宜的聚合反應率,與金屬錯合物相比,通 常需要大大過量的銘,烧,諸如莫爾比例從〗〇〇:1至 1〇,000:1。不幸地,要用這麼多過量的共觸媒是昂責的且 使結果的聚合物有過高的殘餘鋁含量。此後者因素可能在 負面影響聚合物性質,特·別是清晰度和介電常數。 不同型的活化劑化合物是能轉移—質子形成一陽離子