KR101954909B1 - Natural pest control composition using vegetable oils and manufacturing method thereof - Google Patents

Natural pest control composition using vegetable oils and manufacturing method thereof Download PDF

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KR101954909B1
KR101954909B1 KR1020180169703A KR20180169703A KR101954909B1 KR 101954909 B1 KR101954909 B1 KR 101954909B1 KR 1020180169703 A KR1020180169703 A KR 1020180169703A KR 20180169703 A KR20180169703 A KR 20180169703A KR 101954909 B1 KR101954909 B1 KR 101954909B1
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extract
water
pest control
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정찬영
손태운
김도경
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자인바이오 주식회사
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01NPRESERVATION OF BODIES OF HUMANS OR ANIMALS OR PLANTS OR PARTS THEREOF; BIOCIDES, e.g. AS DISINFECTANTS, AS PESTICIDES OR AS HERBICIDES; PEST REPELLANTS OR ATTRACTANTS; PLANT GROWTH REGULATORS
    • A01N65/00Biocides, pest repellants or attractants, or plant growth regulators containing material from algae, lichens, bryophyta, multi-cellular fungi or plants, or extracts thereof
    • A01N65/08Magnoliopsida [dicotyledons]
    • A01N65/26Meliaceae [Chinaberry or Mahogany family], e.g. mahogany, langsat or neem
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01NPRESERVATION OF BODIES OF HUMANS OR ANIMALS OR PLANTS OR PARTS THEREOF; BIOCIDES, e.g. AS DISINFECTANTS, AS PESTICIDES OR AS HERBICIDES; PEST REPELLANTS OR ATTRACTANTS; PLANT GROWTH REGULATORS
    • A01N25/00Biocides, pest repellants or attractants, or plant growth regulators, characterised by their forms, or by their non-active ingredients or by their methods of application, e.g. seed treatment or sequential application; Substances for reducing the noxious effect of the active ingredients to organisms other than pests
    • A01N25/30Biocides, pest repellants or attractants, or plant growth regulators, characterised by their forms, or by their non-active ingredients or by their methods of application, e.g. seed treatment or sequential application; Substances for reducing the noxious effect of the active ingredients to organisms other than pests characterised by the surfactants
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01NPRESERVATION OF BODIES OF HUMANS OR ANIMALS OR PLANTS OR PARTS THEREOF; BIOCIDES, e.g. AS DISINFECTANTS, AS PESTICIDES OR AS HERBICIDES; PEST REPELLANTS OR ATTRACTANTS; PLANT GROWTH REGULATORS
    • A01N59/00Biocides, pest repellants or attractants, or plant growth regulators containing elements or inorganic compounds
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01NPRESERVATION OF BODIES OF HUMANS OR ANIMALS OR PLANTS OR PARTS THEREOF; BIOCIDES, e.g. AS DISINFECTANTS, AS PESTICIDES OR AS HERBICIDES; PEST REPELLANTS OR ATTRACTANTS; PLANT GROWTH REGULATORS
    • A01N59/00Biocides, pest repellants or attractants, or plant growth regulators containing elements or inorganic compounds
    • A01N59/08Alkali metal chlorides; Alkaline earth metal chlorides
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01NPRESERVATION OF BODIES OF HUMANS OR ANIMALS OR PLANTS OR PARTS THEREOF; BIOCIDES, e.g. AS DISINFECTANTS, AS PESTICIDES OR AS HERBICIDES; PEST REPELLANTS OR ATTRACTANTS; PLANT GROWTH REGULATORS
    • A01N65/00Biocides, pest repellants or attractants, or plant growth regulators containing material from algae, lichens, bryophyta, multi-cellular fungi or plants, or extracts thereof
    • A01N65/08Magnoliopsida [dicotyledons]
    • A01N65/18Euphorbiaceae [Spurge family], e.g. ricinus [castorbean]
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01NPRESERVATION OF BODIES OF HUMANS OR ANIMALS OR PLANTS OR PARTS THEREOF; BIOCIDES, e.g. AS DISINFECTANTS, AS PESTICIDES OR AS HERBICIDES; PEST REPELLANTS OR ATTRACTANTS; PLANT GROWTH REGULATORS
    • A01N65/00Biocides, pest repellants or attractants, or plant growth regulators containing material from algae, lichens, bryophyta, multi-cellular fungi or plants, or extracts thereof
    • A01N65/08Magnoliopsida [dicotyledons]
    • A01N65/20Fabaceae or Leguminosae [Pea or Legume family], e.g. pea, lentil, soybean, clover, acacia, honey locust, derris or millettia
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01NPRESERVATION OF BODIES OF HUMANS OR ANIMALS OR PLANTS OR PARTS THEREOF; BIOCIDES, e.g. AS DISINFECTANTS, AS PESTICIDES OR AS HERBICIDES; PEST REPELLANTS OR ATTRACTANTS; PLANT GROWTH REGULATORS
    • A01N65/00Biocides, pest repellants or attractants, or plant growth regulators containing material from algae, lichens, bryophyta, multi-cellular fungi or plants, or extracts thereof
    • A01N65/08Magnoliopsida [dicotyledons]
    • A01N65/36Rutaceae [Rue family], e.g. lime, orange, lemon, corktree or pricklyash
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01NPRESERVATION OF BODIES OF HUMANS OR ANIMALS OR PLANTS OR PARTS THEREOF; BIOCIDES, e.g. AS DISINFECTANTS, AS PESTICIDES OR AS HERBICIDES; PEST REPELLANTS OR ATTRACTANTS; PLANT GROWTH REGULATORS
    • A01N2300/00Combinations or mixtures of active ingredients covered by classes A01N27/00 - A01N65/48 with other active or formulation relevant ingredients, e.g. specific carrier materials or surfactants, covered by classes A01N25/00 - A01N65/48
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A50/00TECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE in human health protection, e.g. against extreme weather
    • Y02A50/30Against vector-borne diseases, e.g. mosquito-borne, fly-borne, tick-borne or waterborne diseases whose impact is exacerbated by climate change
    • Y10S514/919

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  • Life Sciences & Earth Sciences (AREA)
  • Health & Medical Sciences (AREA)
  • General Health & Medical Sciences (AREA)
  • Engineering & Computer Science (AREA)
  • Natural Medicines & Medicinal Plants (AREA)
  • Plant Pathology (AREA)
  • Dentistry (AREA)
  • Agronomy & Crop Science (AREA)
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  • Wood Science & Technology (AREA)
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  • Biotechnology (AREA)
  • Microbiology (AREA)
  • Pest Control & Pesticides (AREA)
  • Chemical & Material Sciences (AREA)
  • Inorganic Chemistry (AREA)
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  • Agricultural Chemicals And Associated Chemicals (AREA)

Abstract

The present invention relates to a natural pest control composition using vegetable extracts, and a preparation method thereof. More specifically, the natural pest control composition of the present invention comprises: 10 to 18 wt% of Canola oil; 4 to 6 wt% of potassium hydroxide; 10 to 18 wt% of a derris extract; 6 to 12 wt% of glycerine; 2 to 4 wt% of ethanol; 8 to 12 wt% of a surfactant; 4 to 6 wt% of water; and a balance of a Neem extract. According to the present invention, the natural pest control composition not only has an excellent effect of improving environments of agricultural and stockbreeding farms while being safely used in a wide application environment without variation, but also can cultivate high quality of agricultural products while securing the same yield as an existing composition without damages by blight and harmful insects although fertilizers, agricultural chemicals and the like have not separately been treated. Further, the natural pest control composition has an excellent effect of controlling aphid, mite, stink bug, tick, fly or the like, particularly, enables a control effect of Dermanyssus gallinae to be sustained for 4 weeks or more, and also obtains an excellent malodor reduction effect.

Description

식물 추출물을 이용한 천연 해충 방제용 조성물 및 그 제조방법{NATURAL PEST CONTROL COMPOSITION USING VEGETABLE OILS AND MANUFACTURING METHOD THEREOF}TECHNICAL FIELD [0001] The present invention relates to a composition for controlling natural insect pests using plant extracts,

본 발명은 식물 추출물을 이용한 천연 해충 방제용 조성물 및 그 제조방법에 관한 것으로, 더욱 상세하게는 식물의 유효한 성분을 이용하여 농축산 농가의 소득 저하의 원인이 되는 해충의 구제 효과를 높이고, 안전한 먹거리의 재배 및 고품질의 농축산물의 생산이 가능하도록 하는 식물 추출물을 이용한 천연 해충 방제용 조성물 및 그 제조방법에 관한 것이다. The present invention relates to a composition for controlling a natural insect pest using a plant extract and a method for preparing the same, and more particularly, to a composition for controlling a natural insect pest, And to provide a composition for controlling natural insect pests using plant extracts and a method for producing the same.

사회적으로 건강에 대한 욕구와 관심이 높아질수록 채소와 과일 등의 농산물 수요가 급격히 증가하여 이의 생산성을 높이는 방안에 대해 연구가 활발히 이루어지고 있다. 특히, 해충은 수많은 이유에서 이러한 작물의 생산성을 저해하여 이들을 예방하기 위해 매년 막대한 예산이 소모되고 있다.The demand for agricultural products such as vegetables and fruits increases rapidly as the desire and concern for the societal health grows, and researches on ways to increase its productivity have been actively carried out. In particular, pests have been hammering massive budgets every year in order to prevent these crops from being productive for a number of reasons.

이에 따라 농산물 재배시 화학 비료와 농약의 사용으로 생산성을 높이고 있는 실정이다. 하지만, 이러한 화학 비료와 농약의 과다사용은 재배토양과 수질을 오염시키는 원인이 되었을 뿐만 아니라, 시설재배에서 재배환경을 오염시켜 생산자의 건강까지 위협하게 되었으며, 생산된 농산물에는 농약이 잔류하여 식품의 안전성에 대해 심각한 우려를 낳고 있다. 또한, 생태계 교란, 저항성 유해생물 증가 등의 문제도 야기되고 있다.As a result, productivity is increased by using chemical fertilizers and pesticides when cultivating agricultural products. However, excessive use of chemical fertilizers and pesticides not only cause contamination of cultivated soil and water quality, but also threaten the health of producers by polluting the cultivation environment in the cultivation of the facilities. In the produced agricultural products, There is serious concern about safety. Also, problems such as disturbance of ecosystem and increase of resistant harmful organisms are caused.

상기한 화학 농약을 대체하기 위한 천연 농약 및 천적 미생물 등 생물 농약의 연구가 활발하게 진행되고 있다. 그러나 대부분의 천연 농약 및 천적 미생물들이 방제 효과가 미약하거나 효과가 극히 제한적이며, 가격 또한 고가인 관계로 실효성 및 경제성이 없어 농민들로부터 호응을 얻지 못함으로써 친환경 농업을 실현하기 위한 화학 농약의 대체 물질로서 성공하지 못하고 있다.[0004] 2. Description of the Related Art [0005] [2] Studies on biological pesticides, such as natural pesticides and natural microorganisms, have been actively conducted to replace the above chemical pesticides. However, since most of the natural pesticides and natural microorganisms have little control effect, the effect is extremely limited, and the price is too high, there is no effective and economical efficiency. Therefore, the substitution of chemical pesticide As well.

한편, 닭진드기는 양계장에서 경제적 손실을 많이 주는 전 세계적으로 분포하는 외부 기생충이다. 이 종은 흔히 닭, 야생 조류를 비롯한 설치류에 기생하여 흡혈하는 해충으로, 계사에 잘 번성하고 산란계에서 빈혈, 생산력 감소 그리고 심지어는 사망에 이르게까지 할 수 있어 가장 중요한 흡혈성 기생충이다.On the other hand, chicken mite is a worldwide parasitic organism that causes economic losses in poultry farms. This species is the most important blood-borne parasite, which is a parasitic and blood-sucking insect of rodents including chickens and wild birds, which can prosper well on the house and lead to anemia, decreased productivity and even death in laying hens.

또한 가금스피로헤타증(avian spirochetes), 수두바이러스, 뉴캐슬바이러스, 추백리, 가금티푸스 그리고 콜레라의 매개충이기도 하다. 이들의 밀도가 매우 높은 계사에서는 사람들에게 혐오감를 일으키기도 한다. 이들의 생활사 중 흡혈을 하는 단계는 대개 자충과 암컷이며, 아주 드문 경우에 수컷도 흡혈을 하나 유충은 흡혈을 하지 않는다.It is also a mediator of avian spirochetes, chicken pox virus, Newcastle virus, mulberry, poultry typhus and cholera. In these highly dense households, they also cause disgust. In their life cycle, the stage of blood vomiting is largely crawly and females. In very rare cases, males also suck blood, but larvae do not vomit.

이와 같이 양계장에서 가장 위협적인 이들을 방제하기 위해 주로 화학적 방제에 의존해 왔다. 가장 빈번히 사용되고 있는 살충제들은 카바릴(carbaryl), 다이아지논(diazinon), 디클로르보스(dichlorvos), 퍼메스린(permethrin), 그리고 이산화항 등을 포함하고 있다.Thus, the poultry industry has mainly relied on chemical control to control the most threatening people. The most frequently used insecticides include carbaryl, diazinon, dichlorvos, permethrin, and dioxins.

비록 이들 살충제 사용은 닭진드기의 효과적인 방제를 초기에는 가져왔으나, 반복적인 사용으로 인해 저항성 계통이 출현하여 효과적인 방제가 어려워지고 있으며, 이에 따른 살충제 과용이 문제가 되고 있다.Although the use of these insecticides has been effective in early control of chicken mite, it has been difficult to effectively control the occurrence of resistant strains due to repetitive use, resulting in overuse of insecticides.

KR 10-1174042 B1KR 10-1174042 B1 KR 10-0998863 B1KR 10-0998863 B1 KR 10-1904406 B1KR 10-1904406 B1

본 발명의 목적은 인체와 환경에 안전하며, 해충 방제 효과가 우수한 식물 추출물을 이용한 천연 해충 방제용 조성물 및 그 제조방법을 제공하는 것이다.An object of the present invention is to provide a composition for controlling natural insect pests using a plant extract which is safe for humans and environment, and which has excellent pest control effect, and a method for producing the same.

본 발명의 다른 목적은 진딧물, 응애, 노린재, 진드기, 파리, 특히 닭진드기의 구제 효과가 우수한 식물 추출물을 이용한 천연 해충 방제용 조성물 및 그 제조방법을 제공하는 것이다. Another object of the present invention is to provide a composition for controlling a natural insect pest using plant extracts excellent in the alleviation effect of aphids, mites, yellowing mites, mites, flies, and especially chicken mites, and a method for producing the same.

상기한 목적을 달성하기 위한 본 발명의 식물 추출물을 이용한 천연 해충 방제용 조성물은, 카놀라유 10~18중량%, 수산화칼륨 4~6중량%, 데리스 추출물 10~18중량%, 글리세린 6~12중량%, 에탄올 2~4중량%, 계면활성제 8~12중량%, 물 4~6중량% 및 잔부의 님 추출물을 포함하는 것을 특징으로 한다. In order to accomplish the above object, the present invention provides a composition for controlling natural insect pests using a plant extract, which comprises 10 to 18% by weight of canola oil, 4 to 6% by weight of potassium hydroxide, 10 to 18% by weight of deeris extract, 2 to 4% by weight of ethanol, 8 to 12% by weight of a surfactant, 4 to 6% by weight of water, and the remainder of the nimma extract.

수용성 인산 0.05~0.1중량%, 수용성 가리 0.05~0.07중량%, 수용성 붕소 0.01~0.02중량%, 수용성 아연 0.01~0.02중량%를 더 포함하는 것을 특징으로 한다.0.05 to 0.1% by weight of water-soluble phosphoric acid, 0.05 to 0.07% by weight of water-soluble binder, 0.01 to 0.02% by weight of water-soluble boron and 0.01 to 0.02% by weight of water-soluble zinc.

카사바잎 추출물 1~2중량% 및 자몽잎 추출물 1~2중량%를 더 포함하는 것을 특징으로 한다.1 to 2% by weight of cassava leaf extract and 1 to 2% by weight of grapefruit leaf extract.

본 발명에 의한 식물 추출물을 이용한 천연 해충 방제용 조성물의 제조방법은, 카놀라유에 수산화칼륨을 혼합하여 균질화하고, 이에 님추출물을 혼합하여 균질화한 후 1차 숙성하는 단계와, 상기 1차 숙성된 숙성액에 데리스 추출물을 혼합하여 균질화하고, 2차 숙성하는 단계와, 상기 2차 숙성된 숙성액에 글리세린, 에탄올, 계면활성제 및 물을 혼합하여 균질화하고, 3차 숙성하는 단계를 포함하며, 각 재료의 혼합비는 카놀라유 10~18중량%, 수산화칼륨 4~6중량%, 데리스 추출물 10~18중량%, 글리세린 6~12중량%, 에탄올 2~4중량%, 계면활성제 8~12중량%, 물 4~6중량% 및 잔부의 님 추출물인 것을 특징으로 한다.A method for preparing a natural insect pest control composition using plant extract according to the present invention comprises homogenizing canola oil by mixing it with canola oil, homogenizing and mixing nimder extracts, and then subjecting the mixture to primary aging, A step of mixing and aging a mixture of an agereles extract and a second aging step, a step of homogenizing the third aging by mixing glycerin, ethanol, a surfactant and water to the second aged aging solution, The mixing ratio of the ingredients is 10 to 18% by weight of canola oil, 4 to 6% by weight of potassium hydroxide, 10 to 18% by weight of deeris extract, 6 to 12% by weight of glycerin, 2 to 4% by weight of ethanol, 4 to 6% by weight of water, and the remainder of the water.

상기 3차 숙성된 숙성액에 수용성 인산 0.05~0.1중량%, 수용성 가리 0.05~0.07중량%, 수용성 붕소 0.01~0.02중량% 및 수용성 아연 0.01~0.02중량%를 혼합하는 단계를 더 포함하는 것을 특징으로 한다. Further comprising the step of mixing 0.05 to 0.1% by weight of water-soluble phosphoric acid, 0.05 to 0.07% by weight of water-soluble phosphoric acid, 0.01 to 0.02% by weight of water-soluble boron and 0.01 to 0.02% by weight of water-soluble zinc in the third aged aged solution, do.

상기 2차 숙성 단계는, 상기 1차 숙성된 숙성액에 데리스 추출물과 함께, 카사바잎 추출물 1~2중량% 및 자몽잎 추출물 1~2중량%를 더 혼합하여 균질화하고, 2차 숙성하는 것임을 특징으로 한다.In the second aging step, 1 to 2% by weight of a cassava leaf extract and 1 to 2% by weight of a grapefruit leaf extract are further mixed with the deerish extract in the first aged aging solution, and homogenized and then subjected to secondary aging .

본 발명에 의하면, 넓은 적용환경에 변이 없이 안전하게 사용하되, 농축산농가의 환경개선효과가 우수할 뿐만 아니라, 비료, 농약 등의 별도처리 없이도 병충해 없이 기존과 동일한 수확량을 확보하면서 고 품질의 농산물을 재배할 수 있다는 장점이 있다. 또한, 진딧물, 응애, 노린재, 진드기, 파리 등의 방제 효과가 우수하고, 특히 닭진드기의 구제 효과가 4주 이상 지속되며, 악취 저감 효과 역시 우수하다는 장점이 있다.According to the present invention, it is possible to safely use without any variation in a wide application environment, but also to improve the environment of agricultural and livestock farming households, and to produce high quality agricultural products without securing the same yields There is an advantage to be able to do. In addition, it has an excellent control effect such as aphid, mite, irritant, mite, flies and the like. Especially, the remedy effect of chicken tick is maintained for 4 weeks or more and the odor reduction effect is also excellent.

그러므로 농축산물 품질 향상과 함께 농가의 수입 창출, 소비자의 먹거리 안전에 우수한 효과가 있다. Therefore, the quality of agricultural and livestock products is improved, and income for farmers and food safety of consumers are excellent.

이하, 본 발명을 상세히 설명한다.Hereinafter, the present invention will be described in detail.

본 발명에 의한 천연 해충 방제용 조성물은, 카놀라유 10~18중량%, 수산화칼륨 4~6중량%, 데리스 추출물 10~18중량%, 글리세린 6~12중량%, 에탄올 2~4중량%, 계면활성제 8~12중량%, 물 4~6중량% 및 잔부의 님 추출물을 포함하는 것을 특징으로 한다. The composition for controlling natural insect pests according to the present invention comprises 10 to 18% by weight of canola oil, 4 to 6% by weight of potassium hydroxide, 10 to 18% by weight of deeris extract, 6 to 12% by weight of glycerin, 2 to 4% 8 to 12% by weight of the active agent, 4 to 6% by weight of water, and the remainder of the nimma extract.

먼저, 상기 카놀라유는 식물성 오일로서, 해충 방제용 조성물 내 증량제, 점착제, 살충 보조제 등의 기능을 하는 성분이다. 상기 카놀라유는 조성물 내 10~18중량%로 포함됨이 바람직하다.First, the canola oil is a vegetable oil, and is a component that functions as an extender, a pressure-sensitive adhesive, and a pesticide adjuvant in a pest control composition. The canola oil is preferably included in the composition in an amount of 10 to 18% by weight.

상기 수산화칼륨(KOH)은 조해성이므로, 공기 중에 두면 물을 흡수하여 녹고 이산화탄소를 흡수하여 탄산칼륨이 된다. 특히, 물에 넣으면 발열하면서 잘 녹고, 수용액은 알칼리성을 나타내어, 토양의 산성화를 방지하는 기능을 하는 성분이다. 아울러, 칼륨은 식물의 광합성(탄소동화작용)작용에 영향을 미치는 것으로, 식물의 뿌리나 줄기, 잎을 튼튼하게 할 뿐만 아니라 병해에 대한 저항성이나 내한성을 높여주는 기능을 하는 성분이다. 상기 수산화칼륨은 조성물 내 4~6중량%로 포함됨이 바람직하다.Since potassium hydroxide (KOH) is decomposable, it is absorbed by water when it is left in the air and absorbs carbon dioxide to form potassium carbonate. Particularly, when it is put into water, it dissolves well while being heated, and the aqueous solution shows alkalinity, and is a component which functions to prevent acidification of the soil. In addition, potassium affects the photosynthesis (carbon assimilation) action of plants. It is a component that not only strengthens the roots, stems and leaves of plants, but also increases resistance to cold and cold resistance. Preferably, the potassium hydroxide is included in the composition in an amount of 4 to 6% by weight.

상기 데리스 추출물은 로테논(rotenone)을 유효성분으로 하는 것으로, 살충 효과 강화 및 살충범위 확대의 기능을 하는 성분이다. 상기 데리스 추출물은 조성물 내 10~18중량%로 포함됨이 바람직하다.The deeris extract contains rotenone as an active ingredient and is a component that functions to enhance the insecticidal effect and extend the insecticidal range. The deerish extract is preferably contained in an amount of 10 to 18% by weight in the composition.

상기 데리스 추출물은 그 추출방법을 제한하지 않는데, 물, 탄소수 1 내지 4의 저급 알콜, 및 이들의 혼합 용매로 구성되는 군으로부터 선택되는 용매로 추출된 것임이 바람직하다. 또한, 상기 데리스 추출물은 추출처리에 의해 얻어지는 추출액, 추출액의 희석액 또는 농축액, 추출액을 건조하여 얻어지는 건조물, 또는 이들 조정제물 또는 정제물 중 어느 하나를 포함하는 것으로 한다. 또한, 추출 방법은 특별히 제한되지 않고, 유효 성분이 파괴되지 않거나 최소화된 조건에서 실온 또는 가온하여 추출할 수 있다. 다만, 데리스로는 데리스의 잎, 뿌리 또는 이들 모두를 이용함이 가장 살충 효과가 우수하다. 예시적으로, 데리스의 잎, 뿌리 또는 이들 모두를 건조하여 분쇄한 후, 2~10배의 용매를 가하고, 20~40℃에서 5~30시간 추출하여, 농축 또는 건조하여 제조할 수 있다.The above-mentioned derrice extract is not limited in its extraction method, but is preferably extracted with a solvent selected from the group consisting of water, lower alcohols having 1 to 4 carbon atoms, and a mixed solvent thereof. In addition, the above-mentioned Derissa extract may comprise any one of the extract obtained by the extraction treatment, the diluted solution or concentrate of the extract, the dried product obtained by drying the extract, or the adjusted product or the purified product. In addition, the extraction method is not particularly limited, and extraction can be carried out at room temperature or with heating under conditions where the active ingredient is not destroyed or minimized. However, the use of deer's leaves, roots or all of them is the most effective insecticide. Illustratively, it can be prepared by drying and pulverizing leaves, roots or both of them, adding 2 to 10 times of a solvent, extracting at 20 to 40 ° C for 5 to 30 hours, and concentrating or drying.

상기 글리세린은 해충 방제 효과의 지속성을 향상시키고, 전착성을 높이기 위한 성분으로, 조성물 내 6~12중량%로 포함됨이 바람직하다.The glycerin is a component for improving persistency of the pest control effect and enhancing the electrodepositability, and is preferably contained in the composition in an amount of 6 to 12% by weight.

상기 에탄올은 해충 방제용 조성물 내 증량제 및 용매의 역할을 하는 성분으로, 조성물 내 2~4중량%로 포함됨이 바람직하다. The ethanol is a component which acts as an extender and a solvent in the composition for controlling pest, and is preferably contained in an amount of 2 to 4% by weight in the composition.

상기 계면활성제로는 비이온성 계면활성제가 바람직하며, 예를 들어 인체에 대한 안전성이 확인된 TWEEN-80 (PEO(20)-Sorbitan Monooleate), TWEEN-60 (PEO(20)-SorbitanMonostearate) 등이 사용될 수 있다. 상기 계면활성제는 조성물 내 8~12중량%로 포함됨이 바람직하다.The surfactant is preferably a nonionic surfactant such as TWEEN-80 (PEO (20) -Sorbitan Monooleate) or TWEEN-60 (PEO (20) -Sorbitan Monostearate) . The surfactant is preferably included in the composition in an amount of 8 to 12% by weight.

상기 물은 용매로 사용되는 것으로, 조성물 내 4~6중량%로 포함됨이 바람직하다. The water is used as a solvent and is preferably contained in an amount of 4 to 6% by weight in the composition.

상기 님(Neem) 추출물은, 아자디라크틴(azadirachtin)이라는 살균, 해독성분이 포함하여 강력한 친환경의 살충제로서 사용 가능한 성분이다. 상기 님 추출물은 조성물 내 잔부로 포함됨이 바람직하다.The Neem extract is a component that can be used as a powerful eco-friendly insecticide including a disinfecting and detoxifying component called azadirachtin. The nimble extract is preferably included as a remainder in the composition.

상기 님 추출물의 추출방법은 제한하지 않는데, 물, 탄소수 1 내지 4의 저급 알콜, 및 이들의 혼합 용매로 구성되는 군으로부터 선택되는 용매로 추출된 것임이 바람직하다. 또한, 상기 님 추출물은 추출처리에 의해 얻어지는 추출액, 추출액의 희석액 또는 농축액, 추출액을 건조하여 얻어지는 건조물, 또는 이들 조정제물 또는 정제물 중 어느 하나를 포함하는 것으로 한다. 또한, 추출 방법은 특별히 제한되지 않고, 유효 성분이 파괴되지 않거나 최소화된 조건에서 실온 또는 가온하여 추출할 수 있다. 다만, 님으로는 님열매를 이용함이 가장 살충 효과가 우수하다. 예시적으로, 님의 열매를 건조하여 분쇄한 후, 2~10배의 용매를 가하고, 20~40℃에서 5~30시간 추출하여, 농축 또는 건조하여 제조할 수 있다.The method for extracting nimple is not limited, and it is preferably extracted with a solvent selected from the group consisting of water, lower alcohols having 1 to 4 carbon atoms, and mixed solvents thereof. In addition, the nimme extract includes any one of the extract obtained by the extraction treatment, the diluted or concentrated liquid of the extract, the dried product obtained by drying the extract, or the adjusted product or the purified product. In addition, the extraction method is not particularly limited, and extraction can be carried out at room temperature or with heating under conditions where the active ingredient is not destroyed or minimized. However, it is the most effective insecticide to use nymphs. Illustratively, the fruit can be prepared by drying and crushing the fruit, adding 2 to 10 times of a solvent, extracting at 20 to 40 ° C for 5 to 30 hours, and concentrating or drying.

상기와 같이 구성된 본 발명의 해충 방제용 조성물은 다양한 해충에 우수한 방제 효과를 나타내는바, 적용할 수 있는 해충은 제한하지 않는다. 다만, 진딧물, 응애, 노린재, 진드기, 파리, 바퀴벌레, 모기, 특히 닭진드기에 가장 우수한 방제 효과를 보인다. The composition for insect control of the present invention having the above-described structure exhibits excellent control effect on various insects, and applicable insect pests are not limited. However, it exhibits the most excellent control effect on aphids, mites, irritants, ticks, flies, cockroaches, mosquitoes, especially chicken ticks.

또한, 본 발명의 해충 방제용 조성물은, 수용성 인산 0.05~0.1중량%, 수용성 가리 0.05~0.07중량%, 수용성 붕소 0.01~0.02중량%, 수용성 아연 0.01~0.02중량%를 더 포함할 수 있다.The pest controlling composition of the present invention may further contain 0.05 to 0.1% by weight of water-soluble phosphoric acid, 0.05 to 0.07% by weight of water-soluble phosphorus, 0.01 to 0.02% by weight of water-soluble boron, and 0.01 to 0.02% by weight of water-soluble zinc.

여기서, 상기 인산, 가리, 붕소, 아연 등은 식물성장에 필요한 비료 성분으로써, 비료를 대신하여 식물 생장을 돕기 위해 사용되는 것이다.The phosphoric acid, garlic, boron, zinc and the like are used as a fertilizer component necessary for plant growth, and are used for plant growth instead of fertilizer.

또한, 본 발명은 카사바잎 추출물 1~2중량% 및 자몽잎 추출물 1~2중량%를 더 포함할 수 있다.In addition, the present invention may further comprise 1 to 2% by weight of cassava leaf extract and 1 to 2% by weight of grape leaf leaf extract.

상기 카사바잎 추출물과 자몽잎 추출물은 님 추출물과 함께 사용시 닭진드기에 대한 해충 방제 효과가 극대화된다.When used in conjunction with the nematode extract, the effect of insect control on chicken mites is maximized in the cassava leaf extract and the grapefruit leaf extract.

상기 카사바잎 추출물과 자몽잎 추출물의 추출방법은 제한하지 않는데, 물, 탄소수 1 내지 4의 저급 알콜, 및 이들의 혼합 용매로 구성되는 군으로부터 선택되는 용매로 추출된 것임이 바람직하다. 또한, 상기 카사바잎 추출물과 자몽잎 추출물은 추출처리에 의해 얻어지는 추출액, 추출액의 희석액 또는 농축액, 추출액을 건조하여 얻어지는 건조물, 또는 이들 조정제물 또는 정제물 중 어느 하나를 포함하는 것으로 한다. 또한, 추출 방법은 특별히 제한되지 않고, 유효 성분이 파괴되지 않거나 최소화된 조건에서 실온 또는 가온하여 추출할 수 있다. 예시적으로, 카사바잎 또는 자몽잎을 건조하여 분쇄한 후, 2~10배의 용매를 가하고, 20~40℃에서 5~30시간 추출하여, 농축 또는 건조하여 제조할 수 있다.The method of extracting the cassava leaf extract and the grapefruit leaf extract is not limited, and it is preferably extracted with a solvent selected from the group consisting of water, lower alcohol having 1 to 4 carbon atoms, and a mixed solvent thereof. In addition, the cassava leaf extract and the grapefruit leaf extract include any one of the extract obtained by the extraction treatment, the diluted solution or the concentrate of the extract, the dried product obtained by drying the extract, or the adjusted product or the purified product. In addition, the extraction method is not particularly limited, and extraction can be carried out at room temperature or with heating under conditions where the active ingredient is not destroyed or minimized. Illustratively, it can be prepared by drying and pulverizing cassava leaves or grapefruit leaves, adding 2 to 10 times of a solvent, extracting at 20 to 40 ° C for 5 to 30 hours, and concentrating or drying.

이하, 본 발명에 의한 식물 추출물을 이용한 천연 해충 방제용 조성물의 제조방법에 대해 상세히 설명한다. 다만, 설명이 중복되는 것을 피하기 위하여 앞서 조성물에 있어 설명된 내용은 생략한다.Hereinafter, a method for preparing a composition for controlling a natural insect pest using a plant extract according to the present invention will be described in detail. However, in order to avoid duplication of description, the description of the composition has been omitted.

본 발명에 의한 천연 해충 방제용 조성물은, 카놀라유에 수산화칼륨을 혼합하여 균질화하고, 이에 님 추출물을 혼합하여 균질화한 후 1차 숙성하는 단계와, 상기 1차 숙성액에 데리스 추출물을 혼합하여 균질화하고, 2차 숙성하는 단계와, 상기 2차 숙성된 숙성액에 글리세린, 에탄올, 계면활성제 및 물을 혼합하여 균질화하고, 3차 숙성하는 단계를 포함한다.The composition for controlling natural insect pests according to the present invention is characterized in that canola oil is mixed with canola oil to homogenize it, followed by homogenization and mixing with nimex extract, followed by primary aging, And a second aging step; and a step of mixing the second aged aging solution with glycerin, ethanol, a surfactant, and water, homogenizing the aged aged solution, and aging the aged solution.

먼저, 카놀라유를 15~35℃로 유지하면서, 수산화칼륨을 혼합하여 10,000~15,000rpm에서 3~7분간 균질화한다. 그리고 이에 님 추출물을 투입하여 혼합하고, 10,000~15,000rpm에서 3~7분간 균질화한다. 이때, 상기 님 추출물의 균질화 온도 역시 15~35℃를 유지한다. 그리고 이를 15~35℃에서 12~24시간 1차 숙성한다.First, while the canola oil is kept at 15 to 35 ° C, potassium hydroxide is mixed and homogenized at 10,000 to 15,000 rpm for 3 to 7 minutes. Then, the nim extract is added, mixed, and homogenized at 10,000 to 15,000 rpm for 3 to 7 minutes. At this time, the homogenization temperature of the nimble extract is maintained at 15 to 35 ° C. It is then matured at 15 ~ 35 ℃ for 12 ~ 24 hours.

다음으로, 상기 1차 숙성된 숙성액에 데리스 추출물을 혼합하여 5,000~7,000rpm으로 3~15분간 균질화하고, 12~24시간 2차 숙성한다. 이때, 균질화 온도 및 숙성 온도는 15~35℃임이 바람직하다.Next, the deeris extract is mixed with the first aged aged solution, homogenized at 5,000 to 7,000 rpm for 3 to 15 minutes, and then aged for 12 to 24 hours. At this time, the homogenization temperature and the aging temperature are preferably 15 to 35 ° C.

그리고 상기 2차 숙성된 숙성액에 에탄올, 글리세린, 계면활성제 및 물을 혼합하여 5,000~6,000rpm으로 25~35분간 균질화하고, 60~80시간 3차 숙성한다. 이때, 균질화 온도 및 숙성 온도는 15~35℃임이 바람직하다.Then, ethanol, glycerin, a surfactant and water are mixed with the second aged aged solution, homogenized at 5,000 to 6,000 rpm for 25 to 35 minutes, and then aged for 60 to 80 hours. At this time, the homogenization temperature and the aging temperature are preferably 15 to 35 ° C.

그리고 제품을 실링 포장 및 출고한다.And the products are sealed and packed.

이때, 상기한 균질화 및 교반시간을 벗어날 경우 수소와 질소의 결합반응이 일어나 암모니아가 생성되어 제품 불량이 발생하므로, 상기한 조건을 엄수하는 것이 바람직하다.At this time, when the homogenization and agitation time are out of the above range, hydrogen and nitrogen bond reaction occurs and ammonia is formed, resulting in product defects. Therefore, it is preferable to adhere to the above conditions.

또한, 본 발명은 상기 3차 숙성액에 수용성 인산 0.05~0.1중량%, 수용성 가리 0.05~0.07중량%, 수용성 붕소 0.01~0.02중량% 및 수용성 아연 0.01~0.02중량%를 혼합하는 단계를 더 포함하여, 비료로서의 효과를 더욱 높일 수 있다.The present invention further includes a step of mixing 0.05 to 0.1% by weight of water-soluble phosphoric acid, 0.05 to 0.07% by weight of water-soluble phosphoric acid, 0.01 to 0.02% by weight of water-soluble boron and 0.01 to 0.02% by weight of water- , The effect as fertilizer can be further enhanced.

그리고 닭진드기의 살충 효과를 더욱 높이기 위하여, 상기 2차 숙성 단계 시, 상기 1차 숙성된 숙성액에 데리스 추출물과 함께, 카사바잎 추출물 1~2중량% 및 자몽잎 추출물 1~2중량%를 더 혼합하여 균질화하고, 2차 숙성할 수 있다.In order to further increase the insecticidal effect of chicken mites, 1 to 2% by weight of cassava leaf extract and 1 to 2% by weight of grapefruit leaf extract are mixed with the deerish extract in the first aged aging solution at the second aging step They can be further mixed and homogenized, and secondary aging can be achieved.

상기와 같은 본 발명의 식물 추출물을 이용한 천연 해충 방제용 조성물은 우수한 해충 구제 효과를 보인다.The composition for controlling natural insect pests using the plant extract of the present invention as described above shows an excellent pest control effect.

상기 천연 해충 방제용 조성물을 시설지 내 작물 및/또는 토양에 직접 살포할 시 물로 100~400배 희석하여 사용할 수 있으며, 단위면적당(m2) 30~120mg(희석 전 해충 방제용 조성물의 양)으로 사용하는 것이 적당하다. 그러나 이의 사용량은 작물의 생육조건 및 크기에 따라 달리 적용되므로, 상기 범위에 한정되는 것은 아니다. 또한, 본 발명에 따른 살충 작용의 적용 작물은 특별한 제한이 없으며, 예컨대, 배추, 상추, 고추, 오이, 콩, 치커리, 토마토, 가지, 호박, 파프리카, 참외, 멜론 등으로 이루어진 군에서 선택된 1종 이상일 수 있다.The above-mentioned natural pest control composition facilities not within the crops, and / or when to be sprayed directly in the soil may be used diluted with water 100 to 400 times, per unit area (m 2) 30 ~ 120mg (dilution before positive for pest control composition) . However, the use amount thereof is not limited to the above range since it is applied differently depending on the growing condition and size of the crop. There is no particular limitation on the crop of the insecticidal action according to the present invention. For example, a plant selected from the group consisting of Chinese cabbage, lettuce, pepper, cucumber, bean, chicory, tomato, eggplant, zucchini, paprika, melon, Or more.

아울러, 본 발명의 천연 해충 방제용 조성물을 닭진드기 방제용으로 사용할 경우, 예방적 살포시 10,000수당 본 발명의 조성물 5L를 200~400배 희석하여 4주 간격으로 1회씩 분무살포하고, 구제목적의 살포시 10,000수당 본 발명의 조성물 5L를 100~200배 희석하여 4주 간격으로 1회씩 분무살포할 수 있으나, 이를 제한하지 않는 것으로, 상황에 따라 그 희석비율 및 사용량을 조절할 수 있음은 당연하다. In addition, when the composition for controlling natural insect pests of the present invention is used for the control of chicken mites, 5 L of the composition of the present invention is diluted 200 to 400 times per 10,000 doses at the time of preventive application, sprayed once at intervals of 4 weeks, 10,000 per 5 L of the composition of the present invention may be sprayed 100 to 200 times at a time interval of 4 weeks, but it is not limited thereto, and it is of course possible to control the dilution ratio and the amount to be used depending on the situation.

이하, 구체적인 실시예를 통해 본 발명을 더욱 상세히 설명한다.Hereinafter, the present invention will be described in more detail with reference to specific examples.

(실시예 1)(Example 1)

카놀라 오일(순도 100%) 14중량%에 수산화칼륨 4.7중량%을 혼합하여 12,000rpm에서 5분간 균질화하고, 이에 님 추출물 40.11중량%를 혼합하여 12,000rpm에서 5분간 균질화하고, 12시간 숙성하였다. 이때, 상기 균질화 및 숙성온도는 모두 30℃였다.14% by weight of canola oil (100% purity) was mixed with 4.7% by weight of potassium hydroxide, homogenized at 12,000 rpm for 5 minutes, mixed with 40.11% by weight of nimble extract, homogenized at 12,000 rpm for 5 minutes and aged for 12 hours. At this time, the homogenization and aging temperatures were all 30 ° C.

그리고 상기 숙성된 숙성액에 데리스 추출물 14중량%를 혼합하여 6,000rpm에서 5분간 균질화하고, 12시간 숙성하고, 이에 다시 글리세린 9중량%, 에탄올 2.9 중량%, 계면활성제 10.5중량% 및 증류수 4.62중량%를 투입하여 5,500rpm으로 30분간 균질화하였다. 그리고 이를 72시간 숙성하였다. 이때, 상기 균질화 및 숙성온도는 모두 30℃였다.Then, 14% by weight of the deerish extract was mixed with the aged agar solution and homogenized at 6,000 rpm for 5 minutes and aged for 12 hours. 9% by weight of glycerin, 2.9% by weight of ethanol, 10.5% by weight of surfactant, %, And homogenized at 5,500 rpm for 30 minutes. And aged for 72 hours. At this time, the homogenization and aging temperatures were all 30 ° C.

마지막으로, 상기 최종 숙성된 숙성액에 수용성 인산 0.08중량%, 수용성 가리 0.066중량%, 수용성 붕소 0.012중량%, 수용성 아연 0.012중량%를 혼합하였다. Finally, 0.08% by weight of water-soluble phosphoric acid, 0.066% by weight of water-soluble phosphoric acid, 0.012% by weight of water-soluble boron and 0.012% by weight of water-soluble zinc were mixed with the final aged aging solution.

이때, 상기 계면활성제로는 Tween80을 이용하였으며, 상기 님 추출물은 님 열매를 수분함량 5%로 건조시킨 후 1㎜ 정도의 크기로 분쇄하고, 분쇄된 시료 100g을 95% 에탄올 1,000㎖에 넣고 30℃에서 암상태로 20시간 추출하였다. 얻어진 추출물을 여과지로 여과한 후 감압농축기로 40℃에서 완전히 농축시켰다. 그리고 농축된 추출물을 동결건조기에서 건조시켜 추출물을 수득하였다.Tween 80 was used as the surfactant. The nymph of the nymphs was dried to a moisture content of 5% and then ground to a size of about 1 mm. 100 g of the pulverized sample was added to 1,000 ml of 95% In the dark for 20 hours. The obtained extract was filtered through a filter paper, and then completely concentrated at 40 ° C in a vacuum condenser. The concentrated extract was dried in a freeze dryer to obtain an extract.

또한, 데리스 추출물 역시 데리스의 잎을 수분함량 5%로 건조시킨 후 1㎜ 정도의 크기로 분쇄하고, 분쇄된 시료 100g을 95% 에탄올 1,000㎖에 넣고 30℃에서 암상태로 20시간 추출하였다. 얻어진 추출물을 여과지로 여과한 후 감압농축기로 40℃에서 완전히 농축시켰다. 그리고 농축된 추출물을 동결건조기에서 건조시켜 추출물을 수득하였다.The leaves of deeris were also dried to a moisture content of 5% and then ground to a size of about 1 mm. 100 g of the ground sample was added to 1,000 ml of 95% ethanol and extracted for 20 hours at 30 ° C. in a dark state . The obtained extract was filtered through a filter paper, and then completely concentrated at 40 ° C in a vacuum condenser. The concentrated extract was dried in a freeze dryer to obtain an extract.

(실시예 2)(Example 2)

실시예 1과 동일하게 실시하되, 데리스 추출물의 혼합시, 카사바잎 추출물 2중량% 및 자몽잎 추출물 2중량%를 더 혼합하였다. 다만, 님 추출물은 36.11중량%만큼 사용하였다. In the same manner as in Example 1, 2% by weight of cassava leaf extract and 2% by weight of grapefruit leaf extract were further mixed at the time of mixing the deerish extract. However, the nim extract was used in an amount of 36.11% by weight.

이때, 카사바잎 추출물 및 자몽잎 추출물은, 자몽잎 또는 카사바잎을 수분함량 5%로 건조시킨 후 1㎜ 정도의 크기로 분쇄하고, 분쇄된 시료 100g을 95% 에탄올 1,000㎖에 넣고 30℃에서 암상태로 20시간 추출하였다. 얻어진 추출물을 여과지로 여과한 후 감압농축기로 40℃에서 완전히 농축시켰다. 그리고 농축된 추출물을 동결건조기에서 건조시켜 추출물을 수득하였다.In this case, the cassava leaf extract and grapefruit leaf extract were prepared by drying grapefruit leaf or cassava leaf at a moisture content of 5% and then pulverizing to a size of about 1 mm. 100 g of the pulverized sample was put into 1,000 ml of 95% ethanol, Lt; / RTI > for 20 hours. The obtained extract was filtered through a filter paper, and then completely concentrated at 40 ° C in a vacuum condenser. The concentrated extract was dried in a freeze dryer to obtain an extract.

(시험예 1)(Test Example 1)

닭진드기 및 닭진드기 유충에 대한 방제 효과Control effect on chicken mite and chicken mite larvae

상기 실시예 1, 2를 통해 제조된 조성물을 물로 300배 희석한 후, 산란계 농장에서 채집된 닭진드기 및 닭진드기 유충에 대하여 방제 효과를 측정하고, 그 결과를 하기 표 1 및 표 2에 나타내었다. The compositions prepared in Examples 1 and 2 were diluted 300 times with water, and the control effect was measured against chicken mites and chicken mites larvae collected from the farms. The results are shown in Tables 1 and 2 below .

상기 희석된 살충제 조성물은 접촉법을 이용하여 총 3회 반복하여 실험하였으며, 살포량은 희석 전 조성물 0.2ml씩을 사용하였고, 결과는 3회 평균으로 나타내었다.The diluted pesticide composition was tested by repeating a total of three times using the contact method. The amount of the composition was 0.2 ml before dilution, and the results were expressed as an average of three times.

닭진드기에 대한 시험예 1 결과Test Example 1 Results for Chick Mite 구분division 처리정밀도(마리수)Processing precision (number of grains) 생충률(%)Percentage of Life (%) 사멸율(%)Death Rate (%) 처리
24시간 후
process
After 24 hours
실시예 1Example 1 100100 45.645.6 54.454.4
실시예 2Example 2 100100 3434 6666 무처리군Untreated group 100100 100100 -- 처리
48시간 후
process
After 48 hours
실시예 1Example 1 100100 55 9595
실시예 2Example 2 100100 00 100100 무처리군Untreated group 100100 100100 --

닭진드기 유충에 대한 시험예 1 결과Test Example 1 results for chicken mite larvae 구분division 처리정밀도(마리수)Processing precision (number of grains) 생충률(%)Percentage of Life (%) 사멸율(%)Death Rate (%) 처리
24시간 후
process
After 24 hours
실시예 1Example 1 100100 1515 8585
실시예 2Example 2 100100 44 9696 무처리군Untreated group 100100 100100 -- 처리
48시간 후
process
After 48 hours
실시예 1Example 1 100100 1010 9090
실시예 2Example 2 100100 00 100100 무처리군Untreated group 100100 100100 --

상기 표 1, 2에서 확인할 수 있는 바와 같이, 본 발명의 조성물은 닭진드기 및 닭진드기 유충에 대해 우수한 방제 효과가 있는 것을 확인하였다.As can be seen from Tables 1 and 2, it was confirmed that the composition of the present invention had excellent control effects against chicken mites and chicken mites larvae.

(시험예 2)(Test Example 2)

악취 및 세균 저감 효과Odor and germ reduction effect

상기 실시예 1, 2를 통해 제조된 조성물을 물로 300배 희석한 후, 닭진드기에 감염된 산란계 농장의 닭장에 분무살포하고, 악취측정기 및 세균측정기를 이용하여 악취 및 세균을 측정하고, 그 결과를 하기 표 3에 나타내었다. The composition prepared in Examples 1 and 2 was diluted 300 times with water and sprayed on a henhouse of a laying hens farm which had been infected with chicken mites. The odor and bacteria were measured using a malodor meter and a bacteria meter, Table 3 shows the results.

이때, 그 살포량은 단위면적(m2)당 100mg으로 하였으며, 이를 물로 300배 희석하여 사용하였다.At this time, the application amount was 100 mg per unit area (m 2 ), which was diluted 300 times with water.

시험예 2 결과Test Example 2 Results 구분division 살포 전Before spraying 살포 48시간 후48 hours after spraying 기준standard 실시예 1(악취)Example 1 (Odor) 0.12ppm0.12 ppm 0.02ppm0.02 ppm 0~0.08ppm0 to 0.08 ppm 실시예 1(세균)Example 1 (bacteria) 133ATP133ATP 0ATP0ATP -- 실시예 2(악취)Example 2 (Odor) 0.13ppm0.13 ppm 0ppm0 ppm 0~0.08ppm0 to 0.08 ppm 실시예 2(세균)Example 2 (Bacteria) 141ATP141ATP 0ATP0ATP -- 무처리군(악취)Untreated group (odor) 0.12ppm0.12 ppm 0.13ppm0.13 ppm 0~0.08ppm0 to 0.08 ppm 무처리군(세균)Untreated group (bacteria) 131ATP131ATP 145ATP145ATP --

상기 표 3에서 확인할 수 있는 바와 같이, 본 발명의 조성물은 악취 저감 및 살균 효과가 우수한 것을 확인할 수 있었다. As can be seen from the above Table 3, it was confirmed that the composition of the present invention is excellent in odor reduction and sterilization effect.

아울러, 살포 후 닭장을 살펴본 결과 닭진드기가 제거된 것을 확인할 수 있었으며, 4주 후 육안관찰 결과 역시 닭장 내 닭진드기의 방제 효과가 그대로 유지됨을 확인할 수 있었다. In addition, we observed that the chicken mite was removed after spraying, and the results of visual observation after 4 weeks showed that the control effect of chicken mite in chicken mite was maintained.

(시험예 3)(Test Example 3)

진딧물, 응애, 나방, 노린재, 파리에 대한 방제 효과 시험Control effect of aphids, mites, moths, yellowtails and flies

상기 실시예 1, 2를 통해 제조된 조성물을 물로 300배 희석한 후, 진딧물, 응애, 나방, 노린재, 파리에 대한 방제 효과를 시험하였다. After the compositions prepared in Examples 1 and 2 were diluted 300 times with water, the control effect on aphids, mites, moths, yellow mites and flies was tested.

살충활성 실험용 공시충은 모두 살충제에 대한 노출없이 사육하였다. 배추좀나방(Plutella xylostella) 유충을 온도 27±1℃, 상대습도 55±5%, 광조건 16L:8D에서 사육하여 실험에 사용하였고, 점박이응애(Tetranychus urticae)는 온도 27±1℃, 상대습도 55±5%, 광조건 16L:8D에서 강낭콩을 먹이로 사육하여 사용하였으며, 복숭아혹진딧물(Myzus persicae)은 온도 27±1℃, 상대습도 55±5%, 광조건 16L:8D에서 담배를 먹이로 사육하여 사용하였으며, 톱다리개미허리노린재(Riptortus clavatus)는 온도 27±1℃, 상대습도 55±5%, 광조건 16L:8D에서 대두를 먹이로 사육하여 사용하였다. 집파리(Musca domestica)는 온도 27±1℃, 상대습도 55±5%, 광조건 16L:8D에서 병아리사료와 전지분유, 설탕을 먹이로 사육하여 사용하였다.All of the insecticidal activity test specimens were raised without exposure to pesticides. Plutella xylostella larvae were grown at 27 ± 1 ℃, 55 ± 5%, and 16L: 8D. Tetranychus urticae was maintained at a temperature of 27 ± 1 ℃ and a relative humidity of 55 (Myzus persicae) was fed to cigarette food at temperature of 27 ± 1 ℃, relative humidity of 55 ± 5% and light intensity of 16L: 8D. And Riptortus clavatus were fed with soybeans fed at a temperature of 27 ± 1 ℃, relative humidity of 55 ± 5% and light intensity of 16L: 8D. Musca domestica was fed with chicken feed, milk powder and sugar at a temperature of 27 ± 1 ° C, relative humidity of 55 ± 5% and light conditions of 16L: 8D.

복숭아혹진딧물의 활성검정은 이식 후 3주 경과한 담배잎을 지름 7.5cm 크기의 disk로 잘라 준비된 약액에 약 30초간 침지 후 지름 9cm Petri-dish에 넣고 성충을 10마리씩 3회 반복으로 접종하여 온도 27±1℃, 상대습도 55±5%, 광조건 16L:8D의 조건에서 보관하여 검정하였다. The active test of peach aphid was carried out by immersing the tobacco leaves 3 weeks after transplantation into a disk of 7.5 cm in diameter and immersing in the prepared solution for about 30 seconds and then putting it in a 9 cm diameter Petri-dish. 27 ± 1 ℃, relative humidity of 55 ± 5%, and light intensity of 16L: 8D.

점박이응애의 활성검정은 파종 후 약 3주가 경과한 강낭콩 잎을 지름 75cm 크기의 disk로 자른 후에 지름 9cm Petri-dish에 탈지면을 알맞은 크기로 잘라 증류수로 촉촉히 적신 다음 준비된 잎 disk를 놓고, 점박이응애 자성충 30마리를 3회 반복으로 접종 후, 소형분무기로 약액 5ml를 분무한 후 온도 27±1℃, 상대습도 55±5%, 광조건 16L:8D의 조건에서 보관하여 검정하였다.The active black of spotted mite was cut into a disk of 75 cm in diameter, about 3 weeks after sowing, and cut into a suitable size of 9 cm diameter Petri-dish and moistened with distilled water. The prepared leaf disk was placed, 30 adults were inoculated 3 times repeatedly and sprayed with 5 ml of a chemical solution using a small atomizer and stored under conditions of a temperature of 27 ± 1 ° C, a relative humidity of 55 ± 5% and a light intensity of 16 L: 8D.

배추좀나방의 활성검정은 이식 후 4주 경과한 배추잎을 지름 75cm 크기의 disk로 잘라 준비된 약액에 30초간 침지하여 충분히 건조시킨 후 지름 9cm Petri-dish에 넣고 배추좀나방 3령 유충을 10마리씩 3회 반복으로 접종하여 온도 27±1℃, 상대습도 55±5%, 광조건 16L:8D의 조건에서 보관하여 검정하였다.The active test of the Chinese cabbage moth was performed by cutting a 75-cm-diameter disc of Chinese cabbage leaves 4 weeks after transplantation, immersed in the prepared solution for 30 seconds, sufficiently dried, placed in a petri dish 9 cm in diameter, 3 times repeatedly, and stored at 27 ± 1 ℃, 55 ± 5% relative humidity, and 16L: 8D.

톱다리개미허리노린재의 활성검정은 파종 후 약 3주가 경과한 대두를 탈지면으로 수분을 공급하여 지름 4cm, 길이 15cm test-tube에 넣고 톱다리개미허리노린재를 10마리씩 3회 반복으로 접종하여 소형분무기로 약액 5ml를 분무한 후 온도 27±1℃, 상대습도 55±5%, 광조건 16L:8D의 조건에서 보관하여 검정하였다.The active test of the dorsal root of the saw leg ants was performed by inoculating the soybean which had passed about 3 weeks after sowing with water by the cotton wool and repeatedly injected into the test tube of 4cm in diameter and 15cm in length, 5 ml of the chemical solution was sprayed and then stored under conditions of a temperature of 27 ± 1 ° C, a relative humidity of 55 ± 5% and a light intensity of 16 L: 8D.

집파리의 활성검정은 수분을 공급한 탈지면을 넣은 지름 4cm, 길이 15cm의 test-tube에 성충을 10마리씩 넣은 후 3회 반복으로 소형분무기로 약액 5ml를 분무한 후 온도 27±1℃, 상대습도 55±5%, 광조건 16L:8D의 조건에서 보관하여 검정하였다.The activity test of the housefly was carried out by spraying 5 ml of the chemical solution with a small sprayer after repeating 3 times repeatedly 10 times of adult in a test-tube having a diameter of 4 cm and a length of 15 cm and putting the moisture- ± 5%, light condition 16L: 8D.

그리고 그 결과를 하기 표 4에 나타내었다.The results are shown in Table 4 below.

시험예 3 결과(치사율 %)Test Example 3 Results (Lethality%) 구분division 진딧물aphid 응애Mite 나방moth 노린재Noryang 파리Paris 실시예 1Example 1 8383 7373 5656 7272 6969 실시예 2Example 2 8585 8686 6161 7373 7171

상기 표 4에서와 같이, 본 발명은 진딧물, 응애, 나방, 노린재, 파리에 대한 우수한 방제 활성을 가짐을 확인할 수 있었다.As shown in Table 4, it can be confirmed that the present invention has excellent controlling activity against aphids, mites, moths, yellow mangoes and flies.

아울러, 외부기관인 제일분석센타에 본 발명의 실시예 1 및 실시예 2의 농약 320종에 관한 잔류검사를 실시하였는바, 모두 불검출되었음을 확인하였다. In addition, the residue analysis of 320 kinds of pesticides of Example 1 and Example 2 of the present invention was carried out at the First Analysis Center which is an external organization, and it was confirmed that all of them were not detected.

이상에서는 본 발명의 바람직한 실시예를 예시적으로 설명하였으나, 본 발명의 범위는 이와 같은 특정 실시예에만 한정되는 것은 아니며, 당해 기술분야에서 통상의 지식을 가진 자라면 본원 발명의 요지를 벗어남이 없이 다양한 변형 실시가 가능한 것이다.While the present invention has been described with reference to exemplary embodiments, it is to be understood that the invention is not limited to the disclosed exemplary embodiments, but many variations and modifications may be made without departing from the scope of the present invention. Various modifications can be made.

Claims (6)

카놀라유 10~18중량%, 수산화칼륨 4~6중량%, 데리스 추출물 10~18중량%, 글리세린 6~12중량%, 에탄올 2~4중량%, 계면활성제 8~12중량%, 물 4~6중량% 및 잔부의 님 추출물을 포함하고,
카사바잎 추출물 1~2중량% 및 자몽잎 추출물 1~2중량%를 더 포함하는 것을 특징으로 하는 천연 해충 방제용 조성물.
10 to 18% by weight of canola oil, 4 to 6% by weight of potassium hydroxide, 10 to 18% by weight of deeris extract, 6 to 12% by weight of glycerin, 2 to 4% by weight of ethanol, 8 to 12% by weight of surfactant, % ≪ / RTI > and the remainder of the nim extract,
1 to 2 wt% of cassava leaf extract and 1 to 2 wt% of grapefruit leaf extract.
제1항에 있어서,
수용성 인산 0.05~0.1중량%, 수용성 가리 0.05~0.07중량%, 수용성 붕소 0.01~0.02중량%, 수용성 아연 0.01~0.02중량%를 더 포함하는 것을 특징으로 하는 천연 해충 방제용 조성물.
The method according to claim 1,
Further comprising 0.05 to 0.1% by weight of water-soluble phosphoric acid, 0.05 to 0.07% by weight of water-soluble binder, 0.01 to 0.02% by weight of water-soluble boron, and 0.01 to 0.02% by weight of water-soluble zinc.
삭제delete 카놀라유에 수산화칼륨을 혼합하여 균질화하고, 이에 님추출물을 혼합하여 균질화한 후 1차 숙성하는 단계와,
상기 1차 숙성된 숙성액에 데리스 추출물을 혼합하여 균질화하고, 2차 숙성하는 단계와,
상기 2차 숙성된 숙성액에 글리세린, 에탄올, 계면활성제 및 물을 혼합하여 균질화하고, 3차 숙성하는 단계를 포함하며,
각 재료의 혼합비는 카놀라유 10~18중량%, 수산화칼륨 4~6중량%, 데리스 추출물 10~18중량%, 글리세린 6~12중량%, 에탄올 2~4중량%, 계면활성제 8~12중량%, 물 4~6중량% 및 잔부의 님 추출물이고,
상기 2차 숙성 단계는,
상기 1차 숙성된 숙성액에 데리스 추출물과 함께, 카사바잎 추출물 1~2중량% 및 자몽잎 추출물 1~2중량%를 더 혼합하여 균질화하고, 2차 숙성하는 것임을 특징으로 하는 천연 해충 방제용 조성물의 제조방법.
Mixing canola oil with potassium hydroxide to homogenize, homogenizing and mixing the nimder extracts,
Mixing the first aged aging solution with a deerish extract, homogenizing the second aged solution,
Mixing the second aged aging solution with glycerin, ethanol, a surfactant, and water, homogenizing the first aged aging solution, and tertiary aging,
The mixing ratio of each material was 10 to 18% by weight of canola oil, 4 to 6% by weight of potassium hydroxide, 10 to 18% by weight of deeris extract, 6 to 12% by weight of glycerin, 2 to 4% by weight of ethanol, 8 to 12% 4 to 6% by weight of water,
In the second aging step,
Characterized in that the first aged aging solution is further mixed with 1 to 2% by weight of cassava leaf extract and 1 to 2% by weight of grapefruit leaf extract, together with a deerish extract, homogenized and subjected to second aging ≪ / RTI >
제4항에 있어서,
상기 3차 숙성된 숙성액에 수용성 인산 0.05~0.1중량%, 수용성 가리 0.05~0.07중량%, 수용성 붕소 0.01~0.02중량% 및 수용성 아연 0.01~0.02중량%를 혼합하는 단계를 더 포함하는 것을 특징으로 하는 것을 특징으로 하는 천연 해충 방제용 조성물의 제조방법.
5. The method of claim 4,
Further comprising the step of mixing 0.05 to 0.1% by weight of water-soluble phosphoric acid, 0.05 to 0.07% by weight of water-soluble phosphoric acid, 0.01 to 0.02% by weight of water-soluble boron and 0.01 to 0.02% by weight of water-soluble zinc in the third aged aged solution, Wherein the natural insect pest control composition is a pest control composition.
삭제delete
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