KR101039093B1 - Natural vermin exterminator using extract of rhus vemiciflua, process for preparing the same and method for scattering thereof - Google Patents

Natural vermin exterminator using extract of rhus vemiciflua, process for preparing the same and method for scattering thereof Download PDF

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KR101039093B1
KR101039093B1 KR1020080063892A KR20080063892A KR101039093B1 KR 101039093 B1 KR101039093 B1 KR 101039093B1 KR 1020080063892 A KR1020080063892 A KR 1020080063892A KR 20080063892 A KR20080063892 A KR 20080063892A KR 101039093 B1 KR101039093 B1 KR 101039093B1
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lacquer
insect repellent
natural
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same
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KR20100003863A (en
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박기영
정태영
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농업회사법인 (주) 참옻들
박기영
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01NPRESERVATION OF BODIES OF HUMANS OR ANIMALS OR PLANTS OR PARTS THEREOF; BIOCIDES, e.g. AS DISINFECTANTS, AS PESTICIDES OR AS HERBICIDES; PEST REPELLANTS OR ATTRACTANTS; PLANT GROWTH REGULATORS
    • A01N65/00Biocides, pest repellants or attractants, or plant growth regulators containing material from algae, lichens, bryophyta, multi-cellular fungi or plants, or extracts thereof
    • A01N65/08Magnoliopsida [dicotyledons]
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01NPRESERVATION OF BODIES OF HUMANS OR ANIMALS OR PLANTS OR PARTS THEREOF; BIOCIDES, e.g. AS DISINFECTANTS, AS PESTICIDES OR AS HERBICIDES; PEST REPELLANTS OR ATTRACTANTS; PLANT GROWTH REGULATORS
    • A01N25/00Biocides, pest repellants or attractants, or plant growth regulators, characterised by their forms, or by their non-active ingredients or by their methods of application, e.g. seed treatment or sequential application; Substances for reducing the noxious effect of the active ingredients to organisms other than pests
    • A01N25/08Biocides, pest repellants or attractants, or plant growth regulators, characterised by their forms, or by their non-active ingredients or by their methods of application, e.g. seed treatment or sequential application; Substances for reducing the noxious effect of the active ingredients to organisms other than pests containing solids as carriers or diluents
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01NPRESERVATION OF BODIES OF HUMANS OR ANIMALS OR PLANTS OR PARTS THEREOF; BIOCIDES, e.g. AS DISINFECTANTS, AS PESTICIDES OR AS HERBICIDES; PEST REPELLANTS OR ATTRACTANTS; PLANT GROWTH REGULATORS
    • A01N25/00Biocides, pest repellants or attractants, or plant growth regulators, characterised by their forms, or by their non-active ingredients or by their methods of application, e.g. seed treatment or sequential application; Substances for reducing the noxious effect of the active ingredients to organisms other than pests
    • A01N25/30Biocides, pest repellants or attractants, or plant growth regulators, characterised by their forms, or by their non-active ingredients or by their methods of application, e.g. seed treatment or sequential application; Substances for reducing the noxious effect of the active ingredients to organisms other than pests characterised by the surfactants
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01NPRESERVATION OF BODIES OF HUMANS OR ANIMALS OR PLANTS OR PARTS THEREOF; BIOCIDES, e.g. AS DISINFECTANTS, AS PESTICIDES OR AS HERBICIDES; PEST REPELLANTS OR ATTRACTANTS; PLANT GROWTH REGULATORS
    • A01N59/00Biocides, pest repellants or attractants, or plant growth regulators containing elements or inorganic compounds
    • A01N59/02Sulfur; Selenium; Tellurium; Compounds thereof
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01NPRESERVATION OF BODIES OF HUMANS OR ANIMALS OR PLANTS OR PARTS THEREOF; BIOCIDES, e.g. AS DISINFECTANTS, AS PESTICIDES OR AS HERBICIDES; PEST REPELLANTS OR ATTRACTANTS; PLANT GROWTH REGULATORS
    • A01N65/00Biocides, pest repellants or attractants, or plant growth regulators containing material from algae, lichens, bryophyta, multi-cellular fungi or plants, or extracts thereof
    • A01N65/08Magnoliopsida [dicotyledons]
    • A01N65/20Fabaceae or Leguminosae [Pea or Legume family], e.g. pea, lentil, soybean, clover, acacia, honey locust, derris or millettia

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  • Health & Medical Sciences (AREA)
  • General Health & Medical Sciences (AREA)
  • Engineering & Computer Science (AREA)
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  • Agronomy & Crop Science (AREA)
  • Plant Pathology (AREA)
  • Environmental Sciences (AREA)
  • Dentistry (AREA)
  • Wood Science & Technology (AREA)
  • Pest Control & Pesticides (AREA)
  • Natural Medicines & Medicinal Plants (AREA)
  • Toxicology (AREA)
  • Biotechnology (AREA)
  • Microbiology (AREA)
  • Mycology (AREA)
  • Chemical & Material Sciences (AREA)
  • Inorganic Chemistry (AREA)
  • Agricultural Chemicals And Associated Chemicals (AREA)

Abstract

본 발명은 옻나무를 이용한 천연 곤충 기피제, 그 제조방법 및 그 살포방법에 관한 것으로, 더욱 상세하게는 종래 농가에서 병해충 방제를 위해 독성이 강한 농약을 사용함으로써 살포 농약의 일부가 호흡기 또는 피부를 통해 인체에 침투하게 되고, 그 농약이 지속적으로 농축되어 일정 시간 경과 후에 여러 가지 부작용을 일으켜 농가의 주요 문제로 여겨지던 것을 해소하기 위해, 일반적으로 구충제로 사용되던 옻나무를 이용하여 병해충을 방제할 수 있는 천연 곤충 기피제와, 그 제조방법 및 그 살포방법에 관한 것이다.The present invention relates to a natural insect repellent using lacquer, a method of manufacturing the same and a method of spraying the same, and more particularly, by using a highly toxic pesticide for controlling pests in a conventional farmhouse, a part of the spraying pesticide is a human body through the respiratory or skin Natural pesticides that can be used to control pests using lacquer trees, which are commonly used as insect repellents, to relieve what was considered a major problem of farms by causing the pesticide to continuously concentrate and cause various side effects after a certain period of time. An insect repellent, a method for producing the same, and a method for spraying the same.

참옻, 천연, 곤충, 기피제, 살포, 독성, 농약, 우루시올, 플라보노이드 Sesame, natural, insect, repellent, spraying, toxic, pesticide, urushiol, flavonoids

Description

옻나무를 이용한 천연 곤충 기피제, 그 제조방법 및 그 살포방법{NATURAL VERMIN EXTERMINATOR USING EXTRACT OF RHUS VEMICIFLUA, PROCESS FOR PREPARING THE SAME AND METHOD FOR SCATTERING THEREOF}NATURAL VERMIN EXTERMINATOR USING EXTRACT OF RHUS VEMICIFLUA, PROCESS FOR PREPARING THE SAME AND METHOD FOR SCATTERING THEREOF}

본 발명은 우루시올을 함유하고 있는 옻나무를 이용하여 병해충 방제를 위한 천연 곤충 기피제, 그 제조방법 및 제조된 천연 곤충 기피제의 살포방법에 관한 것이다.The present invention relates to a natural insect repellent for controlling pests using a lacquer tree containing urushiol, a method for producing the same, and a method for spraying the manufactured natural insect repellent.

농약을 살포하게 될 경우 호흡기 또는 피부노출부위를 통해 미량의 농약성분이 인체로 침투하게 되며, 인체 내부로 침투한 농약성분은 현기증, 손·발 저림, 피부 가려움증, 사지마비, 기절, 시각장애 등의 부작용을 일으키게 되어 특히 농약 사용이 많은 농촌 지역에서의 심각한 문제이다.When spraying pesticides, trace chemicals penetrate into the human body through the respiratory or skin exposure areas. Pesticides penetrated into the body are dizziness, numbness of the hands and feet, itching of the skin, limb paralysis, fainting, and visual impairment. This is a serious problem, especially in rural areas where the use of pesticides is high.

뿐만 아니라 잔류 농약은 토양과 재배작물에 영향을 미처 환경오염 문제를 불러 일으키고 있어, 친환경 유기농을 원하는 사람들에게 상당한 어려움을 유발하고 있다.In addition, residual pesticides affect the soil and crops, causing environmental pollution problems, causing considerable difficulties for those who want eco-friendly organics.

이와 같은 문제를 해결하기 위해, 인체에 무해한 천연물질을 이용하는 기술에 대한 연구가 진행되어왔으며, 이와 관련된 기술로는 등록특허 10-0834965호(공고일자 2008.06.03)의 어등 추출물과 고삼 추출물을 이용한 천연 살충 조성물, 등록특허 10-0463627호(공고일자 2004.12.29)의 화백나무와 같은 식물로부터 추출한 정유성분을 포함하는 살충제, 등록특허 10-0498228(공고일자 2005.07.01) 은행잎 추출물을 이용한 살충제 및 대한민국공개특허 2005-0115521호의 제충국 추물물과 고삼 추출물을 이용한 생물농약으로서의 천연 살충제에 대해 개시하고 있다.In order to solve such a problem, researches on technologies using natural substances that are harmless to the human body have been conducted, and related technologies include fish extracts and ginseng extracts of Patent No. 10-0834965 (published date 2008.06.03). Natural insecticidal composition, pesticides containing essential oils extracted from plants such as baekhwa of Patent No. 10-0463627 (published date 2004.12.29), Patent No. 10-0498228 (published date 2005.07.01) insecticide using a ginkgo leaf extract and It discloses a natural insecticide as a biopesticide using the wormwood extract and Ginseng extract of the Republic of Korea Patent Publication No. 2005-0115521.

그러나, 상기 제시한 기술들은 실용화하기에 고가이거나, 병해충 방제 효과가 떨어져 농가에 보급하기에는 부적합한 기술이다.However, the above-described techniques are expensive for practical use or poor for controlling pests, and thus are inappropriate for spreading to farms.

따라서, 농가 등에서 실용적으로 사용할 수 있도록 저가이면서 병해충 방제 효과가 뛰어난 기술의 개발이 요구되는 시점이다.Therefore, it is a time to develop a technology that is inexpensive and excellent in controlling pests so as to be practically used in farms.

이에 본 출원인은 종래 민간에서 구충제로 사용되던 옻나무를 이용하여 천연 해충 기피제를 개발하기에 이르렀다.Accordingly, the applicant has developed a natural pest repellent using the lacquer tree, which has been used as a conventional insect repellent in the private sector.

옻나무는 우루시올을 함유하고 있는 나무로, 중국, 일본, 한국에 재배되고 있는 낙엽교목이다. 이 옻나무를 이용해 민간에서는 옻 닭이나 옻 오리를 만들어 먹었으며, 몸이 냉한 사람과 어혈제로 사용되어 왔던 것으로, 최근 이런 옻의 약리효과를 이용해 항암제와 폐렴약으로 이용하고자 하는 노력이 이루어지고 있다.Sumac is a deciduous tree that is cultivated in China, Japan, and Korea. The lacquer is used to make lacquer chickens and lacquers in the private sector, and has been used as a cold-blooded person and fish-blood agent. Recently, efforts are being made to use anticancer drugs and pneumonia drugs using the pharmacological effects of lacquer.

본 발명의 목적은 일반적으로 구충제로 사용되던 옻나무의 간 독성물질인 우루시올을 제거하여, 잔류 독성을 없애고, 옻나무 안에 있는 플라보노이드 성분과 셀리틴, 풀리페놀 성분을 이용해 인체에 무해하면서도 병해충 방제 기능이 뛰어난 옻나무를 이용한 천연 곤충 기피제, 그 제조방법 및 그 살포방법의 제공에 있다.The purpose of the present invention is to remove urushiol, a liver toxic substance of lacquer tree, which is generally used as an insect repellent, to remove residual toxicity, and to be effective in controlling pests while harmless to human body by using flavonoid components, celine, and pulley phenol components in lacquer trees. The present invention provides a natural insect repellent using sumac, a method for producing the same, and a method for spraying the same.

상기 목적을 달성하기 위해, 본 발명은 옻나무 껍질 추출액을 이용하여 곤충 기피제를 제조하는 것으로, 참옻나무 껍질 추출액 98 ~ 99.5wt%에 몬모릴로나이트, 베이델라이트, 논트로나이트, 사포나이트, 헥토라이트, 할로이사이트, 브룩사이트 또는 게르마늄 중 선택되는 어느 1종 또는 2종 이상의 희석제 0.5 ~ 2wt%를 첨가하여 조성된 혼합물(A) 85 ~ 95wt%,In order to achieve the above object, the present invention is to prepare an insect repellent using the lacquer bark extract, montmorillonite, Baydelite, nontronite, saponite, hectorite, haloyi in 98 ~ 99.5wt% of the oak bark extract 85 to 95 wt% of the mixture (A) formed by adding 0.5 to 2 wt% of any one or two or more diluents selected from among sight, brooksite or germanium;

옻나무 목초액, 고삼효소액 또는 유황제 중 선택되는 어느 1종 또는 2종 이상의 살충보조제(B) 2 ~ 10wt%,2-10 wt% of any one or two or more insecticide aids (B) selected from sumac wood vinegar solution, high ginseng enzyme solution or sulfur agent,

직쇄 알킬벤젠설폰산염, 알파올레핀설폰산염, 알킬황산에스테르염, 폴리옥시에칠렌 알킬에스테르황산염, 2급 알칸설폰산염,알파설포지방산에스테르염의 음이온 계면활성제, 디알킬디메칠암모늄염, 이미다졸리움염, 알킬 디메칠벤질 암모늄염의 양이온 계면활성제, 폴리옥시에칠렌알킬에테르, 알킬 디메칠 아민옥사이드, 지방산 알카놀아마이드, 알킬폴리글루코사이드, 지방산 알카놀아마이드, 알킬폴리글루코사 이드, 리옥시에칠렌알킬폴페닐에테르의 비이온 계면활성제 군에서 선택되는 어느 1종 또는 2종 이상의 계면활성제(C) 1 ~ 5wt%의 혼합으로 조성되는 옻나무를 이용한 천연 곤충 기피제와,Linear alkylbenzene sulfonate, alpha olefin sulfonate, alkyl sulfate ester salt, polyoxyethylene alkyl ester sulfate, secondary alkanesulfonate salt, anion surfactant of alpha sulfo fatty acid ester salt, dialkyl dimethylammonium salt, imidazolium salt, alkyl Ratio of cationic surfactant of dimethylbenzyl ammonium salt, polyoxyethylene alkyl ether, alkyl dimethyl amine oxide, fatty acid alkanolamide, alkyl polyglucoside, fatty acid alkanolamide, alkyl polyglucoside, hydroxyoxylene alkyl polyphenyl ether Natural insect repellents using lacquer trees composed of a mixture of 1 to 5 wt% of any one or two or more surfactants (C) selected from the group of ionic surfactants,

상기 천연 곤충 기피제를 제조하기 위한 제조과정으로서, 옻나무를 벌채하기 전에 상단부와 중간부, 하단부에 일정한 상처를 내어 나무의 플라보노이드 함유를 높이는 단계와,As a manufacturing process for manufacturing the natural insect repellent, before the felling wood to raise a flavonoid content of the tree by making a certain wound on the upper and middle portions, the lower end,

상기 옻나무를 벌채하여 껍질을 탈피하고 건조시켜 함수율을 10 ~ 20%까지 낮춘 뒤 나무를 파쇄하여 분말로 만드는 단계와,Felling the bark by drying the lacquer and drying to lower the moisture content to 10 to 20% and then crushing the wood to make powder;

상기 분말을 고압 중탕기에 넣고 110 ~ 140℃의 온도에서 1.0 ~ 2기압으로 4 ~ 10시간 동안 열수 추출하여 추출물을 만드는 단계와,Putting the powder into a high pressure water bath and extracting hot water for 4 to 10 hours at 1.0 to 2 atmospheres at a temperature of 110 to 140 ° C .;

상기 추출물을 농축기에 넣고 10 브릭스(brix)가 될 때까지 농축하여 농축용액을 만드는 단계와,Adding the extract to a concentrator and concentrating until it is 10 brix to make a concentrated solution,

상기 농축용액 98 ~ 99.5wt%에 몬모릴로나이트, 베이델라이트, 논트로나이트, 사포나이트, 헥토라이트, 할로이사이트, 브룩사이트, 일라이트 또는 게르마늄 중 선택되는 어느 1종 또는 2종 이상의 희석제 0.5 ~ 2wt%로 첨가, 교반하여 혼합물을 제조하는 단계와,One or two or more diluents selected from montmorillonite, baydelite, nontronite, saponite, hectorite, halosite, brookite, elite or germanium in 98 ~ 99.5wt% of the concentrated solution Adding and stirring to prepare a mixture,

상기 혼합물에 옻나무 목초액, 고삼효소액 또는 유황제 중 선택되는 어느 1종 또는 2종 이상의 살충보조제를 첨가하고, 여기에 다시 계면활성제를 첨가하는 단계로 이루어지는 옻나무를 이용한 천연 곤충 기피제 제조방법과,Method for producing a natural insect repellent using the lacquer tree comprising the step of adding any one or two or more insecticide aids selected from lacquer wood vinegar solution, high ginseng enzyme solution or sulfur agent to the mixture, and further adding a surfactant thereto;

이와 같이 제조된 천연 곤충 기피제를 200배 ~ 4,000배까지 희석하여, 애미 미충, 팜파나방, 총채벌레, 깍지벌레, 흰가루 잎 나방 응애, 진디물이 발생한 엽채류, 과수, 화훼에 3 ~ 9일 간격으로 살포하는 것을 특징으로 하는 옻나무를 이용한 천연 곤충 기피제 살포방법을 주요 기술적 구성으로 한다.Diluted natural insect repellent prepared in this way from 200 to 4,000 times, 3 to 9 days intervals on larva larvae, Pampana moth, larvae, worms, powdery leaf moth mites, leafy vegetables, fruit trees, flowers Natural insect repellent using the lacquer, characterized in that the spraying method of the main technical configuration.

이하, 상기의 기술적 구성에 대해 상세히 살펴보도록 한다.Hereinafter, the technical configuration will be described in detail.

상기 옻나무는 개옻나무, 참옻나무, 붉옻나무, 덩굴 옻나무, 겅양옻나무, 산겅양옻나무 중 선택되는 어느 1종 이상을 사용하며, 바람직하게는 참옻나무를 사용한다.The lacquer is any one or more selected from dog lacquer, oak, lacquer, vine lacquer, thistle lacquer, and mountain lacquer, and preferably use the lacquer.

먼저 옻나무의 간 독성물질인 우루시올을 제거하기 위해, 옻 나무를 베어 말린 다음 껍질을 벗기거나, 추출과정에서 증기를 날려 우루시올을 제외한 유효성분(플라보노이드 등)을 함유한 추출액을 얻는다.First, in order to remove urushiol, a liver poison of lacquer tree, the lacquer tree is dried and peeled off, or the steam is extracted during the extraction process to obtain an extract containing active ingredients (flavonoids, etc.) except urushiol.

건조한 옻나무 껍질은 함수율을 10 ~ 20%로 유지하게 되며, 함수율이 10% 미만인 경우에는 유효성분의 추출이 용이하지 않을 수 있고, 20%를 초과하게 되는 경우에는 분쇄가 용이하지 않거나, 추출액의 농도가 떨어질 수 있으므로, 상기 건조한 옻나무 껍질은 함수율을 10 ~ 20%를 유지하는 것이 바람직하다.The dry lacquer bark maintains a water content of 10 to 20%, and if the water content is less than 10%, extraction of the active ingredient may not be easy, and when it exceeds 20%, it is not easy to grind or the concentration of the extract liquid. Since it may fall, it is preferable that the dried sumac bark maintains a water content of 10 to 20%.

추출은 고압 중탕기를 이용하게 되며, 분쇄과정을 거친 옻나무 껍질 분말을 고압중탕기에 넣고 110 ~ 140℃의 온도에서 1.0 ~ 2기압으로 4 ~ 10시간 동안 열수 추출하여 추출물을 얻게 되며, 상기 고압중탕기의 온도가 110℃ 미만인 경우에는 추출을 위한 시간이 많이 소요되는 단점이 있고, 140℃를 초과하게 되는 경우에는 유효성분의 추출이 용이하지 않을 수 있으므로 110 ~ 140℃를 유지하는 것이 바람직하다. 그리고 열수추출을 4시간 미만으로 하는 경우에는 추출물의 수득률이 떨어질 수 있고, 10시간을 초과하게 되는 경우에는 추출이 완료된 상태이기 때문에 무의미하다.Extraction is to use a high pressure water bath, and put the crushed lacquer bark powder into a high pressure water bath to obtain the extract by extracting hot water for 4 to 10 hours at 1.0 ~ 2 at a temperature of 110 ~ 140 ℃, If the temperature is less than 110 ℃ has a disadvantage in that it takes a lot of time for the extraction, if it exceeds 140 ℃ it may not be easy to extract the active ingredient is preferable to maintain 110 ~ 140 ℃. And if the hot water extraction is less than 4 hours, the yield of the extract may drop, if more than 10 hours is meaningless because the extraction is completed.

상기 농축용액의 가용성고형분(brix)은 10을 유지하며, 상기 범위를 벗어날 경우에는 곤충 기피효과가 떨어질 수 있으므로 상기 수치를 유지하는 것이 바람직하다.Soluble solids (brix) of the concentrated solution is maintained at 10, it is preferable to maintain the numerical value because the insect repelling effect may fall when out of the range.

상기 옻나무 목초액은 옻나무를 숯가마 350℃ 이상의 온도에서 가열하여 발생하는 연기를 자연 냉각 응축하여 제조된 것으로, 살균 등의 작용에 의해 곤충 기피제의 보조제로서의 역할을 하게 된다. 그리고 상기 유황제는 각종 작물의 흰가루병, 녹병 등에 대한 살균작용과 동시에 과수의 응애류, 깍지벌레류에 대한 살충작용을 갖는 것으로, 유황만을 성분으로 하는 유황제 또는 유황에 석회를 섞어 다황화 알카리화시킨 석회유황합제의 무기 유황제를 사용한다.The lacquer wood vinegar is produced by natural cooling condensation of the smoke generated by heating the lacquer at a temperature of 350 ℃ or more charcoal, it serves as an adjuvant of insect repellent by the action of sterilization. In addition, the sulfur agent has a bactericidal action against powdery mildew, rust disease, etc. of various crops and at the same time insecticides on mite and pod beetle of fruit trees, and sulfur-based sulfur or a sulfur-based component mixed with lime to sulfurized polysulfide Inorganic sulfuric agent of lime sulfur mixture is used.

그리고, 상기 천연 곤충 기피제는 물을 이용하여 200배 ~ 4,000배까지 희석하여 사용하는 것으로, 200배 미만의 희석인 경우에는 단가가 상승하는 문제가 발 생하고, 4,000배를 초과하게 되는 경우에는 기피제로서의 작용 효과가 떨어질 수 있으므로, 상기 천연 곤충 기피제는 물을 이용하여 200배 ~ 4,000배로 희석하여 사용하는 것이 바람직하다.In addition, the natural insect repellent is used to dilute to 200 times to 4,000 times by using water, when the dilution is less than 200 times, a problem occurs that the unit cost increases, if the repellent exceeds 4,000 times Since the effect as a degradation may be reduced, it is preferable to use the natural insect repellent diluted to 200 times to 4,000 times using water.

이와 같이 희석된 천연 곤충 기피제는 애미미충, 팜파나방, 총채벌레, 깍지벌레, 흰가루 잎 나방 응애, 진디물이 발생한 엽채류, 과수, 화웨에 3 ~ 9일 간격으로 살포하게 된다.The diluted natural insect repellents are sprayed every 3 to 9 days to larvae, pampana moths, thrips, worms, powdery leaf moth, aphids, leafy vegetables, fruit trees, and Huawei.

이상에서 살펴본 옻나무를 이용한 천연 곤충 기피제는 천연물질을 이용함으로써 종래 농가에서 사용되던 독성이 강한 농약을 대신하여 사용할 수 있어 작업자로 하여금 안전을 확보할 수 있고, 종래 제시되던 천연물질을 이용한 살충제 등이 고가인 점을 고려하여 볼 때 저렴하게 제조할 수 있어 실용화가 높으며, 애미미충, 팜파나방, 총채벌레, 깍지벌레, 흰가루 잎 나방 응애, 진디물 등의 병해충 방제효과가 높다.The natural insect repellent using lacquer trees as described above can be used in place of the toxic pesticides used in farms by using natural materials, thereby ensuring safety for workers, and insecticides using natural materials that have been proposed in the past. Considering the high price, it can be manufactured inexpensively, and thus the practical use is high, and pest control effects such as larvae, pampa moth, whiskers, worms, powdery leaf moth mites, and aphids are high.

이하, 상기 기술적 구성에 대해 실시 예를 통해 더욱 구체적으로 살펴보고자 한다.Hereinafter, the technical configuration will be described in more detail through embodiments.

실시 예 1: 천연 곤충 기피제Example 1: Natural Insect Repellent

참옻나무 껍질 추출액 99g에 일라이트, 게르마늄을 동 비율로 하여 1g을 투입하여 혼합물을 제조하고, 그 제조된 혼합물 100g 중 95g과 옻나무 목초액 3g 및 2급 알칸설폰산염 2g을 혼합하여 조성한다.99 g of oak bark extract was prepared by adding 1 g of elite and germanium in the same ratio to prepare a mixture. The mixture was prepared by mixing 95 g of 100 g of the mixture, 3 g of lacquer vinegar solution and 2 g of secondary alkanesulfonate.

실시 예 2: 천연 곤충 기피제 제조Example 2: Preparation of Natural Insect Repellent

옻나무의 플라보노이드 함유를 높이기 위해 나무의 상단부와 중간부, 하단부에 일정한 상처를 내고, 이 옻나무를 벌채하여 껍질을 탈피하고 건조시켜 함수율을 10%로 낮추어 파쇄하여 분말로 만든다.In order to increase the flavonoid content of the lacquer tree, a certain wound is made on the upper, middle, and lower ends of the tree, and the bark is felled and peeled and dried to lower the moisture content to 10% to crush it into powder.

상기 옻나무 분말을 고압 중탕기에 넣고 110℃에서 1.4기압으로 6시간 동안 열수 추출하여 일차 추출물을 만든 다음 그 추출물을 농축기에 넣고 10 브릭스(brix)가 될 때까지 농축하여 농축용액을 제조한다.Put the sumac powder in a high pressure water bath and extract the hot water at 110 ℃ for 1.4 hours at 1.4 atm to make a primary extract, and then put the extract in a concentrator to concentrate to 10 brix (brix) to prepare a concentrated solution.

그리고 이와 같이 제조된 농축용액 99g에 일라이트, 게르마늄을 동 비율로 하여 1g을 투입하여 혼합물을 제조하고, 그 제조된 혼합물 100g 중 95g과 옻나무 목초액 3g 및 2급 알칸설폰산염 2g을 혼합하여 천연 곤충 기피제를 완성한다.Then, 1 g of elite and germanium were added to 99 g of the concentrated solution prepared in the same ratio to prepare a mixture, and 95 g of 100 g of the prepared mixture was mixed with 3 g of lacquer vinegar solution and 2 g of secondary alkanesulfonate. Complete the repellent.

실시 예 3: 천연 곤충 기피제 살포Example 3: Natural Insect Repellent Spraying

실시 예 2에서 제조된 천연 곤충 기피제를 물을 이용하여 1,000배까지 희석하여 농약살포기를 이용하여 애미미충, 팜파나방, 총채벌레, 깍지벌레, 흰가루 잎 나방 응애, 진디물이 발생한 과수에 3일 간격으로 3회에 걸쳐 살포한다.The natural insect repellent prepared in Example 2 was diluted up to 1,000 times with water, and the pesticide sprayer was used to kill larvae, pampana moths, whipworms, podworms, powdery leaf moth mites, and aphids. Spray three times with.

시험 예 1: 기피율 측정Test Example 1: Evasion Measurement

상기 실시 예3과 동일 조건에서 살포하는 것으로, 다만 과수가 아닌 가로×세로×높이가 각각 1m인 투명상자 내부 바닥의 1/2을 차지하는 공간에 포도알, 장미 꽃, 쑥갓을 깔고 여기에 애미미충, 팜파나방, 총채벌레, 깍지벌레, 흰가루 잎 나방 응애, 진디물을 각각 따로 50마리씩 투입하여 상기 포도알, 장미 꽃, 쑥갓이 깔린 공간의 곤충의 수를 측정하였으며, 그 결과는 하기의 표 1과 같다.Spread under the same conditions as in Example 3, except that fruit trees, rose flowers, and garland chrysanthemums are placed in a space occupying one-half of the bottom of the inner side of the transparent box, each of which has a width × length × height of 1 m. , Pampana moth, whiskers, worms, powdery leaf moth, aphids were added to each of the 50 aphids and the number of insects in the grape, rose, and wormwood was measured, the results are shown in Table 1 below. Is the same as

곤충insect 기피율(%)Evasion rate (%) 애미미충 Larva 8282 팜파나방 Pampana Moth 8686 총채벌레 Whisker 9090 깍지벌레 Worm 9090 흰가루 잎 나방 응애 White powder leaf moth 8282 진디물 Aphids 9090

90% 이상: 기피율 특출, 90% 미만-80% 이상: 탁월, 80% 미만-70%이상 : 우수90% or more: exceptional rate, less than 90%-80% or more: excellent, less than 80%-70% or more: excellent

기존 천연 살충제의 경우에는 50 ~ 60%의 기피율을 보임.Existing natural insecticides have a 50 to 60% avoidance rate.

Claims (5)

우루시올을 제외한 유효성분을 함유하는 옻나무 추출액을 이용하여 곤충 기피제를 제조함을 특징으로 하는 옻나무를 이용한 천연 곤충 기피제.Natural insect repellent using the lacquer tree, characterized in that the insect repellent is prepared using the lacquer extract containing active ingredients other than urushiol. 제 1항에 있어서, The method of claim 1, 곤충 기피제는 우루시올을 제외한 유효성분을 함유하는 옻나무 추출액 98 ~ 99.5wt%에 몬모릴로나이트, 베이델라이트, 논트로나이트, 사포나이트, 헥토라이트, 할로이사이트, 브룩사이트, 일라이트 또는 게르마늄 중 선택되는 어느 1종 또는 2종 이상의 희석제 0.5 ~ 2wt%를 첨가하여 조성된 혼합물(A) 85 ~ 95wt%와,Insect repellent is 98 ~ 99.5wt% of lacquer extract containing active ingredients other than urushiol in montmorillonite, baydelite, nontronite, saponite, hectorite, halosite, brooksite, illite or germanium. 85 to 95 wt% of the mixture (A) formed by adding 0.5 to 2 wt% of a species or two or more diluents, 옻나무 목초액, 고삼효소액 또는 유황제 중 선택되는 어느 1종 또는 2종 이상의 살충보조제(B) 2 ~ 10wt%와,2-10 wt% of any one or two or more insecticide aids (B) selected from sumac wood vinegar solution, high ginseng enzyme solution or sulfur agent, 계면활성제(C) 1 ~ 5wt%의 혼합으로 조성됨을 특징으로 하는 옻나무를 이용한 천연 곤충 기피제.Natural insect repellent using lacquer, characterized in that the composition of the surfactant (C) 1 ~ 5wt% mixed. 제 2항에 있어서,3. The method of claim 2, 계면활성제는 직쇄 알킬벤젠설폰산염, 알파올레핀설폰산염, 알킬황산에스테르염, 폴리옥시에칠렌 알킬에스테르황산염, 2급 알칸설폰산염,알파설포지방산에스 테르염의 음이온 계면활성제,Surfactants include linear alkylbenzene sulfonates, alpha olefin sulfonates, alkyl sulfate ester salts, polyoxyethylene alkyl ester sulfates, secondary alkanesulfonates, alpha sulfo fatty acid ester salts, 디알킬디메칠암모늄염, 이미다졸리움염, 알킬 디메칠벤질 암모늄염의 양이온 계면활성제,Cationic surfactants of dialkyldimethylammonium salts, imidazolium salts, alkyl dimethylbenzyl ammonium salts, 폴리옥시에칠렌알킬에테르, 알킬 디메칠 아민옥사이드, 지방산 알카놀아마이드, 알킬폴리글루코사이드, 지방산 알카놀아마이드, 알킬폴리글루코사이드, 리옥시에칠렌알킬폴페닐에테르의 비이온 계면활성제 군에서 선택되는 어느 1종 또는 2종 이상인 것을 특징으로 하는 옻나무를 이용한 천연 곤충 기피제.Any one selected from the group consisting of polyoxyethylene alkyl ethers, alkyl dimethyl amine oxides, fatty acid alkanolamides, alkylpolyglucosides, fatty acid alkanolamides, alkyl polyglucosides, and non-ionic surfactants of lyoxy ethylene alkyl polyphenyl ethers; Natural insect repellent using lacquer trees, characterized by two or more kinds. 옻나무를 벌채하기 전에 상단부와 중간부, 하단부에 일정한 상처를 내어 나무의 플라보노이드 함유를 높이는 단계와,Prior to felling to increase the flavonoid content of the tree by making a constant cut at the top, middle and bottom; 상기 옻나무를 벌채하여 껍질을 탈피하고 건조시켜 함수율을 10 ~ 20%까지 낮춘 뒤 나무를 파쇄하여 분말로 만드는 단계와,Felling the bark by drying the lacquer and drying to lower the moisture content to 10 to 20% and then crushing the wood to make powder; 상기 분말을 고압 중탕기에 넣고 110 ~ 140℃의 온도에서 1.0 ~ 2기압으로 4 ~ 10시간 동안 열수 추출하여 추출물을 만드는 단계와,Putting the powder into a high pressure water bath and extracting hot water for 4 to 10 hours at 1.0 to 2 atmospheres at a temperature of 110 to 140 ° C .; 상기 추출물을 농축기에 넣고 10 브릭스(brix)가 될 때까지 농축하여 농축용액을 만드는 단계와,Adding the extract to a concentrator and concentrating until it is 10 brix to make a concentrated solution, 상기 농축용액 98 ~ 99.5wt%에 몬모릴로나이트, 베이델라이트, 논트로나이트, 사포나이트, 헥토라이트, 할로이사이트, 브룩사이트, 일라이트 또는 게르마늄 중 선택되는 어느 1종 또는 2종 이상의 희석제 0.5 ~ 2wt%로 첨가, 교반하여 혼합 물을 제조하는 단계와,One or two or more diluents selected from montmorillonite, baydelite, nontronite, saponite, hectorite, halosite, brookite, elite or germanium in 98 ~ 99.5wt% of the concentrated solution Adding and stirring to prepare a mixture, 상기 혼합물에 옻나무 목초액, 고삼효소액 또는 유황제 중 선택되는 어느 1종 또는 2종 이상의 살충보조제를 첨가하고, 여기에 다시 계면활성제를 첨가하는 단계로 이루어짐을 특징으로 하는 옻나무를 이용한 천연 곤충 기피제 제조방법.Method for producing a natural insect repellent using the lacquer tree, characterized in that the addition of any one or two or more pesticide aids selected from lacquer vinegar solution, high ginseng enzyme solution or sulfur to the mixture, and further adding a surfactant to the mixture . 제 4항의 제조과정으로 제조된 천연 곤충 기피제를 200배 ~ 4,000배까지 희석하여, 애미미충, 팜파나방, 총채벌레, 깍지벌레, 흰가루 잎 나방 응애, 진디물이 발생한 엽채류, 과수, 화훼에 3 ~ 9일 간격으로 살포하는 것을 특징으로 하는 옻나무를 이용한 천연 곤충 기피제 살포방법.Diluted natural insect repellent prepared by the manufacturing process of claim 4 to 200 to 4,000 times, 3 to larvae, pampa moth, whiskers, worms, powdery leaf moth mites, leafy vegetables, fruit trees, flowers Natural insect repellent using a lacquer, characterized in that spraying every 9 days.
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