KR20190052978A - Organic agricultural material composition for pest management by using 3kinds of plant extracts - Google Patents

Organic agricultural material composition for pest management by using 3kinds of plant extracts Download PDF

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KR20190052978A
KR20190052978A KR1020170148879A KR20170148879A KR20190052978A KR 20190052978 A KR20190052978 A KR 20190052978A KR 1020170148879 A KR1020170148879 A KR 1020170148879A KR 20170148879 A KR20170148879 A KR 20170148879A KR 20190052978 A KR20190052978 A KR 20190052978A
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extract
plant
surfactant
mixture
plant extracts
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KR1020170148879A
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조영복
한주형
안인
권민
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(주)오더스
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01NPRESERVATION OF BODIES OF HUMANS OR ANIMALS OR PLANTS OR PARTS THEREOF; BIOCIDES, e.g. AS DISINFECTANTS, AS PESTICIDES OR AS HERBICIDES; PEST REPELLANTS OR ATTRACTANTS; PLANT GROWTH REGULATORS
    • A01N65/00Biocides, pest repellants or attractants, or plant growth regulators containing material from algae, lichens, bryophyta, multi-cellular fungi or plants, or extracts thereof
    • A01N65/40Liliopsida [monocotyledons]
    • A01N65/44Poaceae or Gramineae [Grass family], e.g. bamboo, lemon grass or citronella grass
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01NPRESERVATION OF BODIES OF HUMANS OR ANIMALS OR PLANTS OR PARTS THEREOF; BIOCIDES, e.g. AS DISINFECTANTS, AS PESTICIDES OR AS HERBICIDES; PEST REPELLANTS OR ATTRACTANTS; PLANT GROWTH REGULATORS
    • A01N25/00Biocides, pest repellants or attractants, or plant growth regulators, characterised by their forms, or by their non-active ingredients or by their methods of application, e.g. seed treatment or sequential application; Substances for reducing the noxious effect of the active ingredients to organisms other than pests
    • A01N25/02Biocides, pest repellants or attractants, or plant growth regulators, characterised by their forms, or by their non-active ingredients or by their methods of application, e.g. seed treatment or sequential application; Substances for reducing the noxious effect of the active ingredients to organisms other than pests containing liquids as carriers, diluents or solvents
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01NPRESERVATION OF BODIES OF HUMANS OR ANIMALS OR PLANTS OR PARTS THEREOF; BIOCIDES, e.g. AS DISINFECTANTS, AS PESTICIDES OR AS HERBICIDES; PEST REPELLANTS OR ATTRACTANTS; PLANT GROWTH REGULATORS
    • A01N25/00Biocides, pest repellants or attractants, or plant growth regulators, characterised by their forms, or by their non-active ingredients or by their methods of application, e.g. seed treatment or sequential application; Substances for reducing the noxious effect of the active ingredients to organisms other than pests
    • A01N25/12Powders or granules
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01NPRESERVATION OF BODIES OF HUMANS OR ANIMALS OR PLANTS OR PARTS THEREOF; BIOCIDES, e.g. AS DISINFECTANTS, AS PESTICIDES OR AS HERBICIDES; PEST REPELLANTS OR ATTRACTANTS; PLANT GROWTH REGULATORS
    • A01N25/00Biocides, pest repellants or attractants, or plant growth regulators, characterised by their forms, or by their non-active ingredients or by their methods of application, e.g. seed treatment or sequential application; Substances for reducing the noxious effect of the active ingredients to organisms other than pests
    • A01N25/12Powders or granules
    • A01N25/14Powders or granules wettable
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01NPRESERVATION OF BODIES OF HUMANS OR ANIMALS OR PLANTS OR PARTS THEREOF; BIOCIDES, e.g. AS DISINFECTANTS, AS PESTICIDES OR AS HERBICIDES; PEST REPELLANTS OR ATTRACTANTS; PLANT GROWTH REGULATORS
    • A01N25/00Biocides, pest repellants or attractants, or plant growth regulators, characterised by their forms, or by their non-active ingredients or by their methods of application, e.g. seed treatment or sequential application; Substances for reducing the noxious effect of the active ingredients to organisms other than pests
    • A01N25/30Biocides, pest repellants or attractants, or plant growth regulators, characterised by their forms, or by their non-active ingredients or by their methods of application, e.g. seed treatment or sequential application; Substances for reducing the noxious effect of the active ingredients to organisms other than pests characterised by the surfactants
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01NPRESERVATION OF BODIES OF HUMANS OR ANIMALS OR PLANTS OR PARTS THEREOF; BIOCIDES, e.g. AS DISINFECTANTS, AS PESTICIDES OR AS HERBICIDES; PEST REPELLANTS OR ATTRACTANTS; PLANT GROWTH REGULATORS
    • A01N65/00Biocides, pest repellants or attractants, or plant growth regulators containing material from algae, lichens, bryophyta, multi-cellular fungi or plants, or extracts thereof
    • A01N65/08Magnoliopsida [dicotyledons]
    • A01N65/18Euphorbiaceae [Spurge family], e.g. ricinus [castorbean]
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01NPRESERVATION OF BODIES OF HUMANS OR ANIMALS OR PLANTS OR PARTS THEREOF; BIOCIDES, e.g. AS DISINFECTANTS, AS PESTICIDES OR AS HERBICIDES; PEST REPELLANTS OR ATTRACTANTS; PLANT GROWTH REGULATORS
    • A01N65/00Biocides, pest repellants or attractants, or plant growth regulators containing material from algae, lichens, bryophyta, multi-cellular fungi or plants, or extracts thereof
    • A01N65/08Magnoliopsida [dicotyledons]
    • A01N65/20Fabaceae or Leguminosae [Pea or Legume family], e.g. pea, lentil, soybean, clover, acacia, honey locust, derris or millettia
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01NPRESERVATION OF BODIES OF HUMANS OR ANIMALS OR PLANTS OR PARTS THEREOF; BIOCIDES, e.g. AS DISINFECTANTS, AS PESTICIDES OR AS HERBICIDES; PEST REPELLANTS OR ATTRACTANTS; PLANT GROWTH REGULATORS
    • A01N65/00Biocides, pest repellants or attractants, or plant growth regulators containing material from algae, lichens, bryophyta, multi-cellular fungi or plants, or extracts thereof
    • A01N65/08Magnoliopsida [dicotyledons]
    • A01N65/26Meliaceae [Chinaberry or Mahogany family], e.g. mahogany, langsat or neem
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A50/00TECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE in human health protection, e.g. against extreme weather
    • Y02A50/30Against vector-borne diseases, e.g. mosquito-borne, fly-borne, tick-borne or waterborne diseases whose impact is exacerbated by climate change
    • Y10S514/919

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  • Health & Medical Sciences (AREA)
  • Life Sciences & Earth Sciences (AREA)
  • General Health & Medical Sciences (AREA)
  • Engineering & Computer Science (AREA)
  • Zoology (AREA)
  • Agronomy & Crop Science (AREA)
  • Plant Pathology (AREA)
  • Dentistry (AREA)
  • Wood Science & Technology (AREA)
  • Natural Medicines & Medicinal Plants (AREA)
  • Environmental Sciences (AREA)
  • Biotechnology (AREA)
  • Microbiology (AREA)
  • Mycology (AREA)
  • Pest Control & Pesticides (AREA)
  • Toxicology (AREA)
  • Agricultural Chemicals And Associated Chemicals (AREA)

Abstract

The present invention relates to an organic agricultural material composition for managing a pest using three plant extracts, which has excellent control effects while using the small amount thereof, comprising: a plant extract mixture including a citronella extract, a neem tree extract, and a shrubby sophora extract; and a surfactant.

Description

3종의 식물추출물을 이용한 해충관리용 유기농업자재 조성물 {Organic agricultural material composition for pest management by using 3kinds of plant extracts}[0001] The present invention relates to an organic agricultural material composition for pest management using three kinds of plant extracts,

본 개시는 3종의 식물 추출물을 이용한 해충 관리용 유기농업자재 조성물에 관한 것이다.The present disclosure relates to organic agricultural material compositions for pest management using three plant extracts.

깍지벌레류는 과수, 화훼류, 인삼 등의 특용작물은 물론이고 수목, 정원수 등에 직,간접적인 피해를 유발하는 해충군이다. 깍지벌레류는 전 세계적으로 7,000여종이 기록되어 있으며 우리나라에서는 159종이 보고되어 있다. 깍지벌레상과 (Coccoidea)에는 20개의 과(科)가 포함되어 있으며 깍지벌레과 (Diaspididae), 밀깍지벌레과 (Coccidae), 가루깍지벌레과 (Pseudococcidae), 주머니깍지벌레과 (Eriococcidae), 이세리아깍지벌레과 (Margarodidae) 등이 일반적인 과들이다.Pest bugs are pests that directly or indirectly cause damage to trees, trees, as well as special crops such as fruit trees, flowers, and ginseng. There are more than 7,000 species of pod bugs in the world and 159 species in Korea. Coccoidea contains 20 families and is divided into two groups: Diaspididae, Coccidae, Pseudococcidae, Eriococcidae, Ischeliaceae, Margarodidae) are common.

이들 중 깍지벌레과는 전 세계적으로 2500여종이 알려져 있는데 주로 수목에 조개껍데기 모양의 깍지를 만들어 서식하면서 피해를 주며 우리나라에는 72종이 기록되어 있다.Among them, about 2,500 species of pod bugworm are known all over the world. They produce shells with shell-shaped pods in the trees and damage them, and 72 species are recorded in our country.

밀깍지벌레과는 전 세계적으로 1200여종이 알려져 있으며 일부 종들이 국제간 교역으로 인하여 세계적으로 문제를 일으키고 있고 우리나라에서는 거북밀깍지벌레 (Ceroplastes japonicus)를 비롯하여 31종이 알려져 있다.There are more than 1,200 varieties of wheat beetles worldwide. Some species are causing problems worldwide due to international trade. In Korea, 31 species are known, including Ceroplastes japonicus.

가루깍지벌레과는 전 세계적으로 2000여종이 알려져 있으며 이 과의 종들은 암컷이 면을 싸고 있는 특징을 가지고 있다. 우리나라에는 소나무가루깍지벌레 (Crisicoccus pini)를 비롯하여 25종이 알려져 있다.There are about 2,000 species of insect pests in the world, and this species has the characteristic that females wrap their faces. There are 25 known species in Korea including Crisicoccus pini.

주머니깍지벌레과는 전 세계적으로 500여종이 알려져 있으며 우리나라에는 주머니깍지벌레 (Eriococcus lagerstroemiae)를 비롯하여 6종이 알려져 있다. 이세리아깍지벌레과는 전 세계적으로 250여종이 알려져 있고 우리나라에서는 솔껍질깍지벌레 (Matsucoccus thunbergianae)를 비롯하여 8종이 알려져 있다.There are more than 500 species of pod intervertebrata worldwide, and six species are known in Korea, including Eriococcus lagerstroemiae. There are more than 250 species of Isseeridae in the world and 8 species are known in Korea including Matsucoccus thunbergianae.

깍지벌레류는 대부분 산림의 수목과 노지 및 시설재배지의 각종 과수류, 화훼류는 물론이고, 정원수, 가로수, 각종 관엽 식물 등을 흡즙하여 피해를 준다. 우리나라에 발생하여 피해를 주는 주요 종들로는 이세리아깍지벌레과 (Margarodidae)에 속하는 솔껍질깍지벌레 (Matsucoccus thunbergianae), 주머니깍지벌레과 (Eriococcidae)의 주머니깍지벌레 (Eriococcus lagerstroemiae), 밀깍지벌레과 (Coccidae)에 속하는 거북밀깍지벌레 (Ceroplastes japonicus), 가루깍지벌레과 (Pseudococcidae)에 속하는 소나무가루깍지벌레(Crisicoccus pini)와 귤가루깍지벌레 (Planococcus citri)가 있다.The larvae of the pods are most commonly affected by nutrients such as trees, trees, trees and trees, as well as various kinds of flowering and flowering trees. The main species causing damage to our country are: Matsucoccus thunbergianae, Eriococcida lagerstroemiae, Coccidae, belonging to the Margarodidae, Ceroplastes japonicus belonging to the genus Pseudococcidae, Crisicoccus pini belonging to the Pseudococcidae and Planococcus citri.

깍지벌레류는 다양한 형태의 왁스 물질(깍지)로 몸을 덮고 나무의 수피 틈이나 잎에 몸을 고착시켜 그 속에서 수액을 흡즙하면서 생활하므로 약제를 살포하여도 충체에 직접 접촉되지 않아 농약으로는 약제방제효과가 낮고 방제가 어려운 해충이다. 이로 인한 농약의 남용으로 천적이 급격히 감소하여 깍지벌레류들이 대발생하고 있으며 특히 약제를 자주 살포하는 가로수와 조경수에는 더욱 피해가 심한 실정이다. 또한 흡즙하면서 바이러스를 매개하고 충체에서 분비하는 감로로 인해 2차적으로 그을음병을 발생시켜 광합성 작용을 저해시키고 상품의 가치를 하락시키기도 하며 수입 식물의 검역 과정에서도 검출빈도가 높은 해충이다.Intertwine worms cover the body with various types of wax materials (pods) and fix the body to the bark of leaves or leaves of the tree. Since they live in sucking the sap in them, they do not come into direct contact with the body of the worms It is a pest which has a low effect of controlling the medicine and is difficult to control. As a result of abuse of pesticides due to this, the natural enemies are rapidly decreasing due to the abrupt decrease of natural enemies. Especially, the damage to roadside trees and landscaping trees frequently spraying medicines is more serious. In addition, it is a pest which has a high frequency of detection even in the process of quarantine of imported plants because it inhibits photosynthesis and damages the product by generating secondary soot disease due to nectar, virus-mediated and secretory secretion from juvenile.

깍지벌레류의 방제는 주로 화학적 방제를 이용해 왔으나 인축 (人畜)에 대한 위험성과 비 표적 생물체에 대한 위해성, 잔류독성 및 생태계 교란 등의 환경 위해성, 저항성 개체의 출현 등의 부작용을 초래하였다. 따라서 깍지벌레류를 방제하기 위한 화학농약을 대체할 수 있는 방제제의 개발이 요구되고 있다.The control of pod bugs has mainly used chemical control, but it has caused side effects such as danger to human life, environmental risks such as risks to non - target organisms, residual toxicity and ecosystem disturbance, and appearance of resistant individuals. Therefore, it is required to develop a control agent that can replace chemical pesticides to control insect pests.

최근에 환경친화적으로 관리되면서 품질이 우수한 농산물을 요구하는 소비자들과 고품질의 안전농산물을 생산하여 부가가치를 창출하고자 하는 농임업인의 요구가 증가하고 있는 실정이다. 이런 요구에 부합하기 위한 대체방법의 하나로서 식물체 추출물은 자연유래 물질이면서 식약용 소재로 예전부터 이용되어 왔기 때문에 인축이나 환경에 안전하면서도 깍지벌레류 방제에 효과적으로 이용할 수 있다. 또, 식물체 추출물은 식물체의 종류나 대상해충에 따라 상이한 효과를 나타낼 수 있다. In recent years, there has been a growing demand from farmers who demand quality agricultural products and produce high-quality safe agricultural products to create added value. As an alternative method to meet this demand, plant extracts have been used as food materials for a long period of time because they are naturally derived materials and can be effectively used for control of insect pests and insects. In addition, plant extracts may exhibit different effects depending on the kind of plant and target insect pests.

지금까지 병해충 방제용 조성물로 사용되는 천연 식물 추출물에 대하여 기재된 특허는 등록특허 제10-0971314호에서 베이, 캐라웨이시드, 카르다몬 실론, 레몬그래스, 라임 디스 5F, 오레가노 등의 식물정유 및 그 식물 유래 화합물을 포함하는 난방제 병해충에 대한 천연 방제제가 개시된 바 있다. 등록특허 제10-0679661호에는 정향, 계피, 겨자, 양고추냉이 등에서 선택된 식물알콜 추출물을 포함하는 친환경 털진드기 방제제가 개시되었다. 등록특허 제10-0596622호에는 웜우드 오일, 페퍼민트 오일,페니로얄 오일, 스피아민트 오일 등의 식물추출물을 유효성분으로 포함하는 머릿니 방제용 조성물이 개시된 바 있다. 상기 문헌들에는 식물추출물을 이용한 깍지벌레류 방제에 대하여는 전혀 개시된 바 없다.The patents disclosed on the natural plant extracts used as compositions for controlling pests have heretofore been disclosed in Korean Patent No. 10-0971314 as plant essential oils such as bay, caraway seed, cardamon ceylon, lemongrass, lime disc 5F, oregano, Natural control agents have been disclosed for heating pests comprising the resulting compounds. EP 10-0679661 discloses an environmentally friendly mite control agent comprising a plant alcohol extract selected from cloves, cinnamon, mustard, horseradish, and the like. Patent No. 10-0596622 discloses a composition for controlling head lice comprising a plant extract such as warmwood oil, peppermint oil, penny royal oil, and spearmint oil as an effective ingredient. None of the above documents disclose the control of the insect pest using plant extracts.

KRKR 10-097131410-0971314 BB KRKR 10-067966110-0679661 BB KRKR 10-059662210-0596622 BB

따라서 본 개시의 관점은 깍지벌레 방제제로서 화학농약을 대체할 수 있는 식물 추출물을 함유하는 해충 관리용 유기농업자재 조성물을 제공하는데 있다.Accordingly, an aspect of the present disclosure is to provide an organic agricultural material composition for insect pest management that contains a plant extract that can replace chemical pesticides as an insect pest control agent.

상기 관점을 달성하기 위한 본 개시의 일 구체예에 따른 해충관리용 유기농업자재 조성물은 시트로넬라 추출물, 님 추출물, 고삼 추출물을 포함하는 식물 추출물 혼합물 및 계면활성제를 포함할 수 있다.The organic agricultural material composition for insect pest management according to one embodiment of the present disclosure for achieving the above viewpoint may include a citronella extract, a nim extract, a plant extract mixture including a ginseng extract, and a surfactant.

예시적 구체예에 따르면, 상기 조성물은 50~90 중량부의 식물 추출물 혼합물 및 10~50 중량부의 계면활성제를 포함할 수 있다.According to an exemplary embodiment, the composition may comprise 50-90 parts by weight of a plant extract mixture and 10-50 parts by weight of a surfactant.

예시적 구체예에 따르면, 상기 식물 추출물 혼합물은 2~60 중량부의 시트로넬라 추출물, 5~30 중량부의 님 추출물 및 10~60 중량부의 고삼 추출물을 포함할 수 있다.According to an exemplary embodiment, the plant extract mixture may contain 2 to 60 parts by weight of citronella extract, 5 to 30 parts by weight of nim extract and 10 to 60 parts by weight of extract of gossypium.

예시적 구체예에 따르면, 상기 계면활성제는 폴리옥시에틸렌 도데실 모노 에테르, 아이소프로필알코올 및 이들의 인산염으로 이루어진 군에서 선택될 수 있다.According to an exemplary embodiment, the surfactant may be selected from the group consisting of polyoxyethylene dodecyl monoether, isopropyl alcohol and phosphates thereof.

예시적 구체예에 따르면, 상기 조성물은 피마자유를 더욱 포함할 수 있다.According to an exemplary embodiment, the composition may further comprise castor oil.

예시적 구체예에 따르면, 상기 식물 추출물 혼합물 : 피마자유의 혼합 중량비는 1:1 내지 4:1일 수 있다.According to an exemplary embodiment, the blend weight ratio of the botanical extract mixture: castor oil may be from 1: 1 to 4: 1.

예시적 구체예에 따르면, 상기 조성물은 목초액을 더욱 포함할 수 있다.According to an exemplary embodiment, the composition may further comprise a wood vinegar solution.

예시적 구체예에 따르면, 상기 식물 추출물 혼합물 : 목초액의 혼합 중량비는 1:1 내지 4:1일 수 있다.According to an exemplary embodiment, the blend weight ratio of the plant extract mixture to the wood vinegar may be 1: 1 to 4: 1.

예시적 구체예에 따르면, 상기 조성물은 입제, 유제, 수화제, 또는 액제의 형태일 수 있다.According to an exemplary embodiment, the composition may be in the form of a granule, an emulsion, a wettable powder, or a liquid.

본 개시의 일 구체예에 따른 해충관리용 유기농업자재 조성물은 화학 농약을 대체하여 깍지벌레의 방제제로 사용될 수 있다. 특히, 기존 해충관리용 유기농업자재로는 방제가 어려운 깍지벌레에 대하여, 소량을 이용하면서도 뛰어난 방제 효과가 있다.The organic agricultural material composition for insect pest management according to one embodiment of the present disclosure can be used as a pesticide controlling agent instead of chemical pesticide. In particular, the organic pesticide-based organic agricultural material has an excellent control effect even when using a small amount of pod bug which is difficult to control.

본 개시를 좀 더 구체적으로 설명하기 전에, 본 명세서 및 청구범위에 사용된 용어나 단어는 통상적이거나 사전적인 의미로 한정되어서는 아니되며, 본 개시를 가장 최선의 방법으로 설명하기 위해 용어의 개념을 적절하게 정의할 수 있다는 원칙에 입각하여 본 개시의 기술적 사상에 부합하는 의미와 개념으로 해석되어야만 한다. 따라서, 본 명세서에 기재된 실시예의 구성은 본 개시의 바람직한 하나의 예에 불과할 뿐이고, 본 개시의 기술적 사상을 모두 대변하는 것은 아니므로, 본 출원시점에 있어서 이들을 대체할 수 있는 다양한 균등물과 변형 예들이 있을 수 있음을 이해하여야 한다.Before describing this disclosure in more detail, it is to be understood that the phraseology or words used in the present specification and claims should not be construed in a conventional or dictionary sense, Should be construed in light of the meaning and concept consistent with the technical idea of the present disclosure, on the basis that it can be properly defined. Therefore, the constitution of the embodiment described in the present specification is merely a preferred example of the present disclosure, and not all of the technical ideas of the present disclosure are described. Therefore, various equivalents and variations And the like.

이하, 본 개시가 속하는 기술분야에서 통상의 지식을 가진 자가 본 개시를 용이하게 실시할 수 있도록, 본 개시의 바람직한 실시예를 상세히 설명한다. 아울러, 본 개시를 설명함에 있어서, 본 개시의 요지를 불필요하게 흐릴 수 있는 관련된 공지기술에 대한 상세한 설명은 생략한다.DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENTS Hereinafter, preferred embodiments of the present disclosure will be described in detail so that those skilled in the art can easily carry out the present disclosure. Moreover, in the description of the present disclosure, a detailed description of related art which may unnecessarily obscure the gist of the present disclosure is omitted.

본 개시에서 사용되는 용어 "유기농업자재"는 유기농산물을 생산, 제조, 가공 또는 취급하는 과정에서 사용할 수 있는 허용물질을 원료 또는 재료로 하여 만든 제품을 의미한다. As used in this disclosure, the term " organic agricultural material " means a product made from materials or materials that are acceptable materials that can be used in the production, manufacture, processing, or handling of organic agricultural products.

본 개시의 일 구체예에 따른 해충관리용 유기농업자재 조성물은 시트로넬라 추출물, 님 추출물, 고삼 추출물을 포함하는 식물 추출물 혼합물 및 계면활성제를 포함할 수 있다.The organic agricultural material composition for pest management according to one embodiment of the present disclosure may include a citronella extract, a nim extract, a plant extract mixture including a ginseng extract, and a surfactant.

일 구체예에 있어서, 해충관리용 유기농업자재 조성물은 50~90 중량부의 식물 추출물 혼합물 및 10~50 중량부의 계면활성제를 포함할 수 있다. In one embodiment, the organic agricultural material composition for pest control may comprise 50 to 90 parts by weight of the plant extract mixture and 10 to 50 parts by weight of the surfactant.

본 개시에서 사용된 중량부란 중량비를 의미한다. 예를 들어, 1 중량부의 A에 대하여 2 중량부의 B가 혼합된다는 것은, A 및 B 이외에 다른 성분을 추가로 혼합시켜도 혼합물 내에서 A:B의 중량비는 1:2를 유지한다는 것을 의미한다.The weight used in this disclosure means the weight ratio. For example, the mixing of 2 parts by weight of B with respect to 1 part by weight of A means that further mixing of components other than A and B also maintains a 1: 2 weight ratio of A: B in the mixture.

본 개시의 해충관리용 유기농업자재 조성물의 주요 성분인 시트로넬라 추출물, 님 추출물, 고삼 추출물은 오일 성분일 수 있다. Citronella extract, nimple extract, and gossam extract, which are major components of the organic agricultural material composition for pest management of the present disclosure, may be an oil component.

시트로넬라는 열대지방에 주로 서식하며, 정유를 추출해 향수와 화장품의 원료로 쓰이며, 시트로넬라 추출물의 주성분은 게라니올 (Geraniol)이다. 시트로넬라 오일은 벌레와 모기의 접근을 차단해 준다고 알려져서 본 개시에서도 이러한 살충기능을 활용한 것이다.Citronell lives in the tropics. It extracts essential oils and is used as a source of fragrance and cosmetics. The main ingredient of citronella extract is geraniol. It is known that citronella oil blocks access to insects and mosquitoes, so this disclosure utilizes this insecticidal function.

고삼은 맛이 쓰고 인삼의 효능이 있어 소화불량, 신경통,간염, 황달, 치질 등에 처방한다. 민간에서는 줄기나 잎을 달여서 살충제로 쓰기도 한다. 약리효과로는 백혈구감소증 치료 및 항방사능 작용, 관상동맥혈류량 증가, 심장근육 강화, 혈당 낮추는 작용, 항종양, 항균, 면역기능 억제작용 등이 보고되고 있으며, 본 개시에서도 이러한 살충기능을 활용한다. 고삼 추출물의 주요 성분은 마트린 (matrine)이다.Gosam is flavored and has the effect of ginseng, so it is prescribed for indigestion, neuralgia, hepatitis, jaundice and hemorrhoids. In the private sector, it is also used as an insecticide by dying stem or leaf. The pharmacological effects include leukopenia treatment and anti-radioactivity action, increase in coronary blood flow, cardiac muscle strengthening, hypoglycemic action, antitumor, antibacterial and immunosuppressive action, and this insecticidal function is also utilized in the present disclosure. The major component of the ginseng extract is matrine.

님 나무 (Neem Tree, 학명 Azadirchta indica A.Juss)는 멀구슬나무과 (Meliaceae)의 반 상록교목으로 아열대 및 열대지방에서 많이 자라는데 그 60%가 인도에 서식하고 있다. 2-3월 흰 꽃이 피며, 꽃이 지고 난 후 달리는 녹색 열매는 7-8월이 되면 노랗게 익어 새들이 즐겨 찾는다. 예부터 이 나무의 씨 (Seed)에서 기름을 짜고 가축에게 먹여 토양을 비옥하게 했고 그 기름은 살충제로 사용하였다. 또한 님 나무 껍질은 차갑고 쓰며 수렴성이 있고 피로, 감기, 열, 식욕이 없을 때 좋으며 상처치료나 갈증이 심할 때도 사용된다. 님 나무의 열매는 쓴 맛이 있고, 치질약, 구충제로 사용된다. 씨 역시 그 맛은 쓰고 구충제로 사용되며, 해독작용이 있다. 씨에서는 45%의 오일이 추출되는데 마늘, 유황과 비슷한 냄새가 나는 쓴 맛의 오일로서 지방산이 풍부하며 비타민 E, 필수 아미노산 등이 들어있으며 주요성분인 아자디라크틴 (azadirachtin)은 곤충의 섭식, 성장, 생식에 영향을 미쳐 생물농약으로 유용하게 사용되고 있다.Neem Tree (Azadirchta indica A.Juss) is a semi-evergreen arboreous tree of the Meliaceae, which grows in subtropical and tropical regions, 60% of which is inhabited in India. 2-3 months White flowers bloom, green flowers that run after the flowers are yellow in July and August, the birds are enjoying their favorite. Since then, seeds of this tree have been oiled and fed to livestock to fertilize the soil, and the oil has been used as an insecticide. In addition, the nimble bark is cold, wrinkled, astringent, fatigue, cold, fever, lack of appetite is good when used in the treatment of wounds and thirst. The fruit of the tree is bitter, and it is used as a hemorrhoid medicine, insect repellent. Mr. Taste is also used as an insecticide and has a detoxifying effect. 45% of the oil is extracted from the oil. It is a bitter oil with a similar odor of garlic and sulfur. It is rich in fatty acids and contains vitamin E and essential amino acids. The main ingredient, azadirachtin, Growth, and reproduction, and is being used effectively as a pesticide.

본 개시에서 식물 추출물은 식물의 잎, 식물의 열매, 식물의 씨 또는 식물 줄기의 껍질을 당업계에 공지된 다양한 추출 방법을 이용하여 수득될 수 있다. 예를 들어, 열수 추출 후 알코올 추출하거나, 일정 온도로 가온하면서 알코올 추출하거나, 또는 알코올 추출 후 가열 농축하는 등의 방법을 사용할 수 있다. 본 개시에서는 열을 가하여 추출하는 방법을 사용하였으나, 이에 제한되는 것은 아니다. 일 구체예에서, 물 대 식물을 1:1 내지 3:1의 중량비로 혼합후 100 ℃ 이상의 열을 가하여 1 내지 48 시간 동안 추출할 수 있다. 바람직하게는 물 대 식물을 1:1 내지 2:1의 중량비로 혼합후, 100 ℃ 내지 120 ℃에서, 5~6시간 동안 추출할 수 있다. 열을 가하여 생긴 증기와 오일 분자를 냉각기에 통과시켜 액체 상태의 추출물을 얻을 수 있다. 식물 추출물은 자외선 또는 미생물에 의해 매우 빠르게 분해되어 물질대사 경로가 만들어지므로, 약제 잔류에 의한 환경 및 인체에 대한 피해가 거의 없다.In the present disclosure, plant extracts can be obtained using various extraction methods known in the art, such as leaves of plants, fruits of plants, seeds of plant seeds or plant stem. For example, alcohol extraction may be performed after extracting hot water, alcohol extraction may be performed while warming to a predetermined temperature, or alcohol extraction may be used, followed by heating and concentration. In the present disclosure, a method of extracting with heat is used, but the present invention is not limited thereto. In one embodiment, the water to plant may be mixed in a weight ratio of 1: 1 to 3: 1, followed by extraction for 1 to 48 hours with heat of at least 100 < 0 > C being applied. Preferably, water to plant is mixed at a weight ratio of 1: 1 to 2: 1 and then extracted at 100 to 120 캜 for 5 to 6 hours. Steam and oil molecules generated by applying heat can be passed through a cooler to obtain a liquid extract. Plant extracts are decomposed very quickly by ultraviolet rays or microorganisms to produce a metabolic pathway, so there is little damage to the environment and human body due to the residual drug.

일 구체예에 있어서, 식물 추출물 혼합물 중에서, 시트로넬라 추출물 : 님 추출물 : 고삼 추출물의 혼합 중량비는 2 ~ 60 : 5 ~ 30 : 10 ~ 60일 수 있으며, 바람직하게는 10 ~ 50 : 10 ~ 30 : 10 ~ 50일 수 있다. 상기 혼합 중량비로 혼합될 때, 본 개시에 따른 조성물은 여러 농작물의 해충 중 깍지벌레에 뛰어난 살충활성을 보이며, 어류 및 인축에 대한 낮은 독성을 보이고, 분해가 빨라 잔류가 없게 되며, 따라서, 환경보전 및 정화작용이 있는 친환경 해충관리용 유기농업자재 조성물로서 유용하게 사용될 수 있다.In one embodiment, the mixture weight ratio of citronella extract: nimex extract: gossam extract may be 2 to 60: 5 to 30: 10 to 60, preferably 10: 50: 10 to 30 : May be between 10 and 50. When mixed at the above mixing ratio, the composition according to the present disclosure exhibits excellent insecticidal activity against insect pests of insects of various crops, exhibits low toxicity against fishes and shoots, has a rapid decomposition and no residue, And an organic agricultural material composition for environmentally friendly pest control having a purging action.

일 구체예에 있어서, 해충관리용 유기농업자재 조성물은 식물 추출물 혼합물 대 계면활성제를 1:9 ~ 9:1, 예를 들어 1:9 ~ 5:5, 2:8 ~ 8:2, 또는 3:7 ~ 7:3의 혼합 중량비로 포함할 수 있다. 계면활성제/식물 추출물 혼합물의 혼합 중량비가 1/9보다 작으면 유화 능력이 떨어지는 문제가 있을 수 있고, 9/1보다 크면 계면활성제의 독성이 나타나는 문제가 있을 수 있다.In one embodiment, the organic agricultural material composition for pest management comprises a plant extract mixture to a surfactant in a ratio of 1: 9 to 9: 1, such as 1: 9 to 5: 5, 2: 8 to 8: : 7 to 7: 3. If the mixing weight ratio of the surfactant / plant extract mixture is less than 1/9, the emulsifying ability may deteriorate. If the mixing weight ratio is more than 9/1, the surfactant may be toxic.

계면활성제는 혼합된 물질의 경계면에 흡착하여 경계면의 자유 에너지를 작게 하여 물질의 혼합 상태를 용이하게 할 수 있는 물질을 말하며, 음이온성 계면활성제, 양이온성 계면활성제, 비이온성 계면활성제, 및 양쪽성 계면활성제로 이루어진 군으로부터 선택되는 하나 이상의 유형일 수 있다. 예를 들어, 폴리옥시에틸렌 도데실 모노 에테르, 아이소프로필 알코올 및 이들의 인산염으로 이루어진 군에서 선택된 하나 이상일 수 있으나, 이에 한정되는 것은 아니다.Surfactant is a substance that adsorbs at the interface of the mixed material to reduce the free energy of the interface to facilitate the mixing of the material. The surfactant is an anionic surfactant, a cationic surfactant, a nonionic surfactant, A surfactant, and a surfactant. For example, polyoxyethylene dodecyl monoether, isopropyl alcohol, and phosphates thereof, but is not limited thereto.

해충관리용 유기농업자재 조성물을 조성물의 부피보다 100 ~ 2,000 배, 500 ~ 2,000 배, 또는 1,000 ~ 2,000 배 큰 물과 혼합하여, 희석된 조성물을 식물에 살포할 수 있다. 예를 들어, 식물의 엽면 전체에 골고루 살포할 수 있다.The organic composition for insect pest management may be mixed with water that is 100 to 2,000 times, 500 to 2,000 times, or 1,000 to 2,000 times larger than the volume of the composition, and the diluted composition may be sprayed onto the plant. For example, it can be evenly distributed throughout the leaf surface of the plant.

이하 실시예를 통하여 본 개시를 좀 더 구체적으로 살펴보지만, 하기 예에 본 개시의 범주가 한정되는 것은 아니다.Hereinafter, the present disclosure will be described in more detail by way of examples, but the following examples do not limit the scope of the present disclosure.

<실시예 1> 깍지벌레에 대해 살충활성이 높은 식물 추출물 선발&Lt; Example 1 > Selection of a plant extract having a high insecticidal activity against an insect worm

50 mm × 15 mm 크기의 번식 접시 (breeding dish)에 1.5 중량% 아가배지를 도말하였다. 배춧잎을 직경 50mm로 절편한 후에 번식 접시에 놓고 귤깍지벌레 3령 약충을 접종하였다. 반복당 10~15마리, 5 반복 처리하였다. 접종 후 여러 식물로부터 본 개시의 추출방법을 사용하여 추출한 식물 추출물 (시험약제)을 2~3회(8~10ml) 분무하였다. 분무 후 24시간, 48시간 후에 살충수를 조사하고, 그 결과를 표 1에 나타내었다. A 1.5 wt% agar medium was plated on a 50 mm x 15 mm breeding dish. The cabbage leaf was cut into 50 mm in diameter, placed on a breeding dish, and inoculated with a third instar larva. 10 ~ 15 per repetition, 5 repetition treatment. After inoculation, the plant extract (test drug) extracted from various plants using the extraction method of the present disclosure was sprayed 2 to 3 times (8 to 10 ml). 24 hours and 48 hours after spraying, insecticidal water was irradiated, and the results are shown in Table 1.

깍지벌레에 대한 살충활성이 높은 식물추출물 선발Selection of plant extracts with high insecticidal activity against intertwine worms 시험약제Test agent 약제처리전
밀도
Before drug treatment
density
살충률(%)Insecticide rate (%) 평균
살충률
(%)
Average
Insecticide rate
(%)
I반복I repeat II반복II iteration III반복Repeat III Ⅳ반복Repeat IV Ⅴ반복Ⅴ iteration 시트로넬라 추출물 60%*1 Citronella extract 60% * 1 1010 6060 7070 6060 7070 7070 66.0066.00 데리스 추출물 2%Derris extract 2% 1010 7070 6060 6060 7070 6060 64.0064.00 님 추출물 0.3%Nem extract 0.3% 1010 4040 2020 2020 4040 4040 32.0032.00 사바딜라 추출물 100%Sabadilla extract 100% 1010 4040 4040 5050 6060 5050 48.0048.00 제충국 추출물 4%Insecticide extract 4% 1010 20.020.0 30.030.0 50.050.0 30.030.0 30.030.0 32.0032.00 고삼 추출물 100%100% 1010 10.010.0 20.020.0 10.010.0 30.030.0 30.030.0 20.0020.00 오스톨(Osthole) 2%Osthole 2% 1010 10.010.0 0.00.0 0.00.0 0.00.0 0.00.0 2.002.00 니코틴(Nicotine) 2%Nicotine 2% 1010 10.010.0 20.020.0 20.020.0 50.050.0 50.050.0 30.0030.00 투센다닌(Toosendanin) 0.5%Toosendanin 0.5% 1010 0.00.0 0.00.0 30.030.0 0.00.0 20.020.0 10.0010.00 스테모닌(Stemonine) 0.5%Stemonein 0.5% 1010 0.00.0 0.00.0 0.00.0 0.00.0 0.00.0 0.000.00 티몰(Tymol) 2%Tymol 2% 1010 10.010.0 0.00.0 0.00.0 10.010.0 0.00.0 4.004.00 호호바 오일 (Jojoba oil) 10%Jojoba oil 10% 1010 0.00.0 0.00.0 10.010.0 0.00.0 0.00.0 2.002.00 카렌자 오일 (Karenza oil) 5%Karenza oil 5% 1010 0.00.0 10.010.0 0.00.0 0.00.0 0.00.0 2.002.00 목초액 20%Wood vinegar 20% 1010 0.00.0 10.010.0 10.010.0 10.010.0 0.00.0 6.006.00 무처리No treatment 1010 0.00.0 0.00.0 0.00.0 0.00.0 0.00.0 0.000.00

*1 : 식물 추출물에 함유된 주성분의 중량%를 나타낸다. 식물추출물은 주성분의 함량에 따라 살충효과, 해충 유인효과 또는 기피효과 등의 다양한 결과가 나올 수 있다.* 1: represents the weight percentage of the main component contained in the plant extract. Depending on the content of the main component, the plant extract may have various effects such as insecticidal effect, insect inducing effect, or avoiding effect.

표 1로부터, 깍지벌레에 대하여 살충활성이 높은 5종의 식물 추출물, 즉, 시트로넬라 추출물, 데리스 추출물, 님 추출물, 사바딜라 추출물, 고삼 추출물을 깍지벌레 방제용 식물 추출물로 선정하였다. 실시예 2 및 비교예 2 내지 6에서, 상기 선정된 식물 추출물 혼합물과 계면활성제를 혼합하여 해충관리용 유기농업자재 조성물을 제조하였다. 계면활성제로는 폴리옥시에틸렌 도데실 모노 에테르를 사용하였다. From Table 1, five plant extracts with high insecticidal activity against intergrowth worms, namely Citronella extract, Deris extract, Nimex extract, Sabadilla extract and Gossam extract, were selected as plant extracts for controlling insect pests. In Example 2 and Comparative Examples 2 to 6, an organic agricultural material composition for pest management was prepared by mixing the selected plant extract mixture with a surfactant. Polyoxyethylene dodecyl monoether was used as a surfactant.

<실시예 2>&Lt; Example 2 >

혼합 중량비가 시트로넬라 추출물 : 님 추출물 : 고삼 추출물 = 10:17:8.5인 3종 식물 추출물 혼합물을 제조하였다. 3종 식물 추출물 혼합물 160g과 계면활성제 40g을 혼합하여 해충관리용 유기농업자재 조성물을 제조하였다.A mixture of three plant extracts having a weight ratio of citronella extract: nimex extract: gossam extract = 10: 17: 8.5 was prepared. An organic agricultural composition for pest management was prepared by mixing 160 g of a mixture of three kinds of plant extracts and 40 g of a surfactant.

<비교예 1>&Lt; Comparative Example 1 &

혼합 중량비가 사바딜라 추출물 : 님 추출물 : 님 추출물 = 1:8:4인 3종 식물 추출물 혼합물을 제조하였다. 3종 식물 추출물 혼합물 160g과 계면활성제 40g을 혼합하여 해충관리용 유기농업자재 조성물을 제조하였다. A mixture of three plant extracts of Sabadilla extract: nimus extract: nimex extract = 1: 8: 4 was prepared. An organic agricultural composition for pest management was prepared by mixing 160 g of a mixture of three kinds of plant extracts and 40 g of a surfactant.

<비교예 2>&Lt; Comparative Example 2 &

혼합 중량비가 사바딜라추출물:시트로넬라추출물:님추출물:계피추출물 = 1:1:1:0.05인 4종 식물 추출물 혼합물을 제조하였다. 4종 식물 추출물 혼합물 160g과 계면활성제 40g을 혼합하여 해충관리용 유기농업자재 조성물을 제조하였다. A mixture of four plant extracts of Sabadilla extract: Citronella extract: Nimex extract: Cinnamon extract = 1: 1: 1: 0.05 was prepared. An organic agricultural composition for pest management was prepared by mixing 160 g of a mixture of four plant extracts and 40 g of a surfactant.

<비교예 3>&Lt; Comparative Example 3 &

혼합 중량비가 사바딜라추출물:시트로넬라추출물:님추출물:데리스추출물 = 1:2.5:1:1인 4종 식물 추출물 혼합물을 제조하였다. 4종 식물 추출물 혼합물 160g과 계면활성제 40g을 혼합하여 해충관리용 유기농업자재 조성물을 제조하였다. A mixture of four plant extracts having a weight ratio of Sabadilla extract: Citronella extract: nimus extract: Deris extract = 1: 2.5: 1: 1 was prepared. An organic agricultural composition for pest management was prepared by mixing 160 g of a mixture of four plant extracts and 40 g of a surfactant.

<비교예 4>&Lt; Comparative Example 4 &

혼합 중량비가 데리스추출물:시트로넬라추출물:님추출물 = 4:6:1인 3종 식물 추출물 혼합물을 제조하였다. 3종 식물 추출물 혼합물 160g과 계면활성제 40g을 혼합하여 해충관리용 유기농업자재 조성물을 제조하였다. A mixture of three plant extracts having a weight ratio of deeris extract: Citronella extract: nimex extract = 4: 6: 1 was prepared. An organic agricultural composition for pest management was prepared by mixing 160 g of a mixture of three kinds of plant extracts and 40 g of a surfactant.

<비교예 5>&Lt; Comparative Example 5 &

혼합 중량비가 제충국추출물:고삼추출물:님추출물:기라솔추출물+떡갈나무추출물 = 3:17:5:20인 5종 식물 추출물 혼합물을 제조하였다. 5종 식물 추출물 혼합물 160g과 계면활성제 40g을 혼합하여 해충관리용 유기농업자재 조성물을 제조하였다. A mixture of 5 species of plant extracts was prepared with the weight ratio of Pseudomonas spp.: Gossam extract: Nimex extract: Girasol extract + Oak tree extract = 3: 17: 5: An organic agricultural composition for pest management was prepared by mixing 160 g of a mixture of five plant extracts and 40 g of a surfactant.

<비교예 6>&Lt; Comparative Example 6 >

혼합 중량비가 데리스추출물:고삼추출물:님추출물: 알파-스피나스테롤 (α-spinasterol)+떡갈나무추출물 = 20:17:5:8인 5종 식물 추출물 혼합물을 제조하였다. 5종 식물 추출물 혼합물 160g과 계면활성제 40g을 혼합하여 해충관리용 유기농업자재 조성물을 제조하였다. A mixture of 5 species of plant extracts was prepared which had a mixture weight ratio of deer's extract: gocham extract: nim extract: alpha-spinasterol + oak extract = 20: 17: 5: An organic agricultural composition for pest management was prepared by mixing 160 g of a mixture of five plant extracts and 40 g of a surfactant.

<실험예 1><Experimental Example 1>

실시예 2 및 비교예 1 내지 3의 조성물을 물에 1,000배로 희석하였다. 희석된 조성물의 깍지벌레에 대한 살충효과를 실험하였다. 그 결과를 표 2에 나타내었다.The composition of Example 2 and Comparative Examples 1 to 3 was diluted 1,000-fold in water. The insecticidal effect of the diluted composition on the insect pest was examined. The results are shown in Table 2.

깍지벌레 해충관리용 유기농업자재 조성물에 대한 살충효과Insecticidal effect on organic agricultural material composition for pest insect pest management 시험약제Test agent 시험약제Test agent 희석배수 및 사용량Dilution drainage and usage 평균살충률(%)Average insecticidal rate (%) 실시예2Example 2 시트로넬라추출물 20%
+님추출물 34%
+고삼추출물 17%
Citronella extract 20%
+ Syrup extract 34%
+ Ginseng extract 17%
1,000배
(20ml/20L)
1,000 times
(20 ml / 20 L)
72.072.0
비교예1Comparative Example 1 시트로넬라추출물 40%
+님추출물 20%
+사바딜라추출물 5%
Citronella extract 40%
+ Nymph extract 20%
+ Sabadilla extract 5%
1,000배
(20ml/20L)
1,000 times
(20 ml / 20 L)
54.054.0
비교예2Comparative Example 2 시트로넬라추출물 16%
+님추출물 20%
+계피추출물 1%
+사바딜라추출물 5%
Citronella extract 16%
+ Nymph extract 20%
+ Cinnamon extract 1%
+ Sabadilla extract 5%
1,000배
(20ml/20L)
1,000 times
(20 ml / 20 L)
56.056.0
비교예3Comparative Example 3 시트로넬라추출물 40%
+님추출물 20% 
+데리스추출물 30%
+사바딜라추출물 5%
Citronella extract 40%
+ Nymph extract 20%
+ Derris extract 30%
+ Sabadilla extract 5%
1,000배
(20ml/20L)
1,000 times
(20 ml / 20 L)
62.062.0
무처리No treatment -- -- 0.00.0

표 2에서 나타낸 바와 같이, 희석액을 살포한 후 3일 경과후, 실시예 2는 72.0% 이상의 방제효과를 보였으나, 비교예 1, 2, 3에서는 62% 이하의 낮은 방제가를 보였다.As shown in Table 2, after 3 days from the application of the diluted solution, Example 2 showed a control effect of 72.0% or more, whereas Comparative Examples 1, 2, and 3 showed a low control efficacy of 62% or less.

<실험예 2><Experimental Example 2>

실시예 2 및 비교예 4 내지 6의 조성물을 각각 물에 1,000배로 희석하였다. 시설 포장에서 자라난 포도에 대상 해충이 적절하게 발생했을 때 사전 밀도를 조사한 후 상기 희석액을 살포하고 20일 경과 후 방제가를 조사하였다. 일반 관행에 따라 조성된 포도밭에서 시험을 실시하였으며, 시험기간 전후 시험포장에서는 타살충제를 전혀 살포하지 않았고, 재식거리는 3.0 X 5.0 m 이었다. 약제처리는 완전 임의 배치법 3 반복으로 시험하였다. 각 시험구 당 면적은 15㎡로 하였다. 표 3은 약제 처리후 20일차의 결과를 나타낸다.The compositions of Example 2 and Comparative Examples 4 to 6 were each diluted 1,000-fold in water. When the insect pests grew properly in the grapes grown in the pavement of the facility, the preliminary density was examined, and the diluent was sprayed and the control agent was examined after 20 days. Tests were carried out in vineyards constructed according to general practice. No pesticides were sprayed on the test pavement before and after the test period, and the planting distance was 3.0 X 5.0 m. The drug treatments were tested in three complete iterations. The area per test area was 15 m2. Table 3 shows the results on the 20th day after the drug treatment.

가루깍지벌레에 대한 해충관리용 유기농업자재 조성물 처리 20일 후 방제효과Organic agricultural material composition control for insect pest insect control after 20 days 시험약제Test agent 시험약제Test agent 희석배수 및 사용량Dilution drainage and usage 처리 20일 후 방제가(%)Control after 20 days treatment (%) 실시예2Example 2 시트로넬라추출물 20%
+님추출물 34%
+고삼추출물 17%
Citronella extract 20%
+ Syrup extract 34%
+ Ginseng extract 17%
1,000배
(20ml/20L)
1,000 times
(20 ml / 20 L)
63.663.6
비교예4Comparative Example 4 시트로넬라추출물 20%
+님추출물 10%
+데리스추출물 40%
Citronella extract 20%
+ Nymph extract 10%
+ Deerish extract 40%
1,000배
(20ml/20L)
1,000 times
(20 ml / 20 L)
54.354.3
비교예5Comparative Example 5 제충국추출물 6%
+님추출물 10%
+고삼추출물 34%
+기라솔추출물+떡갈나무추출물 40%
Pest control extract 6%
+ Nymph extract 10%
+ Ginseng extract 34%
+ Gilasol extract + oak tree extract 40%
1,000배
(20ml/20L)
1,000 times
(20 ml / 20 L)
57.557.5
비교예6Comparative Example 6 고삼추출물 34%
+님추출물 20% 
+데리스추출물 40%
+α-spinasterol+떡갈나무추출물 6%
However,
+ Nymph extract 20%
+ Deerish extract 40%
+ α-spinasterol + oak extract 6%
1,000배
(20ml/20L)
1,000 times
(20 ml / 20 L)
66.866.8
무처리No treatment -- -- --

실험 결과, 시험 약제는 포도원에서 가루깍지벌레에 대해 54.3% 이상의 방제효과를 나타내었으며, 실시예 2 및 비교예 6에서 각각 63.6% 및 66.8%의 높은 방제가를 보였다.As a result of the test, the test agent showed a control effect of 54.3% or more on the powdery mildew worms in the vineyard, and 63.6% and 66.8% in Example 2 and Comparative Example 6, respectively.

가루깍지벌레에 대해 비교예 6의 방제효과가 가장 높았으나, 비교예 6은 독성시험 중 급성어류독성에서 3급 이상으로 조사되어 제외되었다.The control effect of Comparative Example 6 was the highest for the powdery mildew worms, but Comparative Example 6 was excluded from the toxicity test for the acute fish toxicity to the third grade or higher.

이상 본 개시를 구체적인 실시예를 통하여 상세히 설명하였으나, 이는 본 개시를 구체적으로 설명하기 위한 것으로, 본 개시는 이에 한정되지 않으며, 본 개시의 기술적 사상 내에서 당 분야의 통상 지식을 가진 자에 의해 그 변형이나 개량할 수 있음이 명백하다.Although the present disclosure has been described in detail with reference to specific embodiments thereof, it should be understood that the present disclosure is not intended to be limited thereto and that various changes and modifications may be made by those skilled in the art, It is obvious that it can be modified or improved.

본 개시의 단순한 변형이나 변경은 모두 본 개시의 영역에 속하는 것으로 본 개시의 구체적인 보호 범위는 하기 특허청구범위에 의하여 명확해질 것이다.All such modifications and variations are intended to fall within the scope of this disclosure, and the specific scope of protection of this disclosure will be apparent from the claims that follow.

Claims (9)

시트로넬라 추출물, 님 추출물, 및 고삼 추출물을 포함하는 식물 추출물 혼합물; 및
계면활성제를 포함하는 해충관리용 유기농업자재 조성물.
A plant extract mixture comprising citronella extract, nimple extract, and gossam extract; And
An organic agricultural material composition for pest management comprising a surfactant.
청구항 1에 있어서,
상기 조성물은 50~90 중량부의 식물 추출물 혼합물 및 10~50 중량부의 계면활성제를 포함하는 해충관리용 유기농업자재 조성물.
The method according to claim 1,
Wherein the composition comprises 50-90 parts by weight of a plant extract mixture and 10-50 parts by weight of a surfactant.
청구항 1에 있어서,
상기 식물 추출물 혼합물은 2~60 중량부의 시트로넬라 추출물, 5~30 중량부의 님 추출물 및 8~60 중량부의 고삼 추출물을 포함하는 해충관리용 유기농업자재 조성물.
The method according to claim 1,
Wherein the plant extract mixture comprises 2 to 60 parts by weight of Citronella extract, 5 to 30 parts by weight of nim extract and 8 to 60 parts by weight of extract of Gossam bush.
청구항 1에 있어서,
상기 계면활성제는 폴리옥시에틸렌 도데실 모노 에테르, 아이소프로필알코올 및 이들의 인산염으로 이루어진 군에서 하나 이상 선택되는 해충관리용 유기농업자재 조성물.
The method according to claim 1,
Wherein the surfactant is at least one selected from the group consisting of polyoxyethylene dodecyl monoether, isopropyl alcohol and phosphates thereof.
청구항 1에 있어서,
상기 조성물은 피마자유를 더욱 포함하는 해충관리용 유기농업자재 조성물.
The method according to claim 1,
Wherein the composition further comprises castor oil.
청구항 5에 있어서,
상기 식물 추출물 혼합물 대 피마자유의 혼합 중량비는 1:1 내지 4:1인 해충관리용 유기농업자재 조성물.
The method of claim 5,
Wherein the weight ratio of the plant extract mixture to the castor oil is 1: 1 to 4: 1.
청구항 1에 있어서,
상기 조성물은 목초액을 더욱 포함하는 해충관리용 유기농업자재 조성물.
The method according to claim 1,
Wherein the composition further comprises a vinegar liquid.
청구항 7에 있어서,
상기 식물 추출물 혼합물 대 목초액의 혼합 중량비는 1:1 내지 4:1인 해충관리용 유기농업자재 조성물.
The method of claim 7,
Wherein the weight ratio of the plant extract mixture to the wood vinegar is 1: 1 to 4: 1.
청구항 1 내지 8 중 어느 한 항에 있어서,
상기 조성물은 입제, 유제, 수화제, 또는 액제의 형태인 해충관리용 유기농업자재 조성물.
The method according to any one of claims 1 to 8,
Wherein the composition is in the form of a granule, an emulsion, a wetting agent, or a liquid.
KR1020170148879A 2017-11-09 2017-11-09 Organic agricultural material composition for pest management by using 3kinds of plant extracts KR20190052978A (en)

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Cited By (3)

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
KR20230036698A (en) * 2021-09-08 2023-03-15 경기도 Composition for controlling gypsy moth egg mass
CN116267945A (en) * 2023-02-07 2023-06-23 广西壮族自治区农业科学院 Pesticide composition for preventing and treating gummy stem blight of melons
KR102572060B1 (en) * 2023-02-28 2023-08-29 (주)오더스 Organic agricultural material composition for pest management using plant extracts

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KR100596622B1 (en) 2002-09-30 2006-07-03 주식회사 내츄로바이오텍 Composition for controlling head louse
KR100679661B1 (en) 2005-01-24 2007-02-06 주식회사 내츄로바이오텍 Preventive agent for tsutsugamushi disease
KR100971314B1 (en) 2005-03-18 2010-07-20 재단법인서울대학교산학협력재단 Compositions for controlling pests comprising plant extracts as effective components

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
KR100596622B1 (en) 2002-09-30 2006-07-03 주식회사 내츄로바이오텍 Composition for controlling head louse
KR100679661B1 (en) 2005-01-24 2007-02-06 주식회사 내츄로바이오텍 Preventive agent for tsutsugamushi disease
KR100971314B1 (en) 2005-03-18 2010-07-20 재단법인서울대학교산학협력재단 Compositions for controlling pests comprising plant extracts as effective components

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* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
KR20230036698A (en) * 2021-09-08 2023-03-15 경기도 Composition for controlling gypsy moth egg mass
CN116267945A (en) * 2023-02-07 2023-06-23 广西壮族自治区农业科学院 Pesticide composition for preventing and treating gummy stem blight of melons
CN116267945B (en) * 2023-02-07 2024-03-15 广西壮族自治区农业科学院 Pesticide composition for preventing and treating gummy stem blight of melons
KR102572060B1 (en) * 2023-02-28 2023-08-29 (주)오더스 Organic agricultural material composition for pest management using plant extracts

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