GB1339218A - Cryosurgical instruments - Google Patents

Cryosurgical instruments

Info

Publication number
GB1339218A
GB1339218A GB4517772A GB4517772A GB1339218A GB 1339218 A GB1339218 A GB 1339218A GB 4517772 A GB4517772 A GB 4517772A GB 4517772 A GB4517772 A GB 4517772A GB 1339218 A GB1339218 A GB 1339218A
Authority
GB
United Kingdom
Prior art keywords
valve
valve element
bore
refrigerant
path
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired
Application number
GB4517772A
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Wallach R M
Original Assignee
Wallach R M
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Family has litigation
Priority to US18946971A priority Critical
Application filed by Wallach R M filed Critical Wallach R M
Publication of GB1339218A publication Critical patent/GB1339218A/en
First worldwide family litigation filed litigation Critical https://patents.darts-ip.com/?family=22697465&utm_source=google_patent&utm_medium=platform_link&utm_campaign=public_patent_search&patent=GB1339218(A) "Global patent litigation dataset” by Darts-ip is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
Application status is Expired legal-status Critical

Links

Classifications

    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F25REFRIGERATION OR COOLING; COMBINED HEATING AND REFRIGERATION SYSTEMS; HEAT PUMP SYSTEMS; MANUFACTURE OR STORAGE OF ICE; LIQUEFACTION SOLIDIFICATION OF GASES
    • F25BREFRIGERATION MACHINES, PLANTS OR SYSTEMS; COMBINED HEATING AND REFRIGERATION SYSTEMS; HEAT-PUMP SYSTEMS
    • F25B9/00Compression machines, plant, or systems, in which the refrigerant is air or other gas of low boiling point
    • F25B9/02Compression machines, plant, or systems, in which the refrigerant is air or other gas of low boiling point using Joule-Thompson effect; using vortex effect
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61BDIAGNOSIS; SURGERY; IDENTIFICATION
    • A61B18/00Surgical instruments, devices or methods for transferring non-mechanical forms of energy to or from the body
    • A61B18/02Surgical instruments, devices or methods for transferring non-mechanical forms of energy to or from the body by cooling, e.g. cryogenic techniques
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F25REFRIGERATION OR COOLING; COMBINED HEATING AND REFRIGERATION SYSTEMS; HEAT PUMP SYSTEMS; MANUFACTURE OR STORAGE OF ICE; LIQUEFACTION SOLIDIFICATION OF GASES
    • F25BREFRIGERATION MACHINES, PLANTS OR SYSTEMS; COMBINED HEATING AND REFRIGERATION SYSTEMS; HEAT-PUMP SYSTEMS
    • F25B2309/00Gas cycle refrigeration machines
    • F25B2309/02Gas cycle refrigeration machines using the Joule-Thompson effect
    • F25B2309/021Gas cycle refrigeration machines using the Joule-Thompson effect with a cryosurgical probe tip having a specific construction

Abstract

1339218 Cryosurgical instruments R M WALLACH 29 Sept 1972 [6 Oct 1971] 45177/ 72 Heading A5R A cryosurgical instrument comprises a probe 14 having an internal expansion chamber 30 to which refrigerant is supplied through a restricted orifice 66 for providing a Joule-Thomson expansion of the refrigerant in the chamber, effluent gas being conveyed from the chamber along a path including a flow control valve 42 for selectively opening and closing the path. Saturated gas, e.g. carbon dioxide or nitrous oxide, is fed from cylinder 22 to expansion chamber 30 through a conduit 51 coaxial with a tubular body 13, the space therebetween providing a return path 67 for effluent gas. The path 67 communicates with valve 42 which has a flow passage 94, 92, 96 therethrough which is controlled by a valve element 100 biassed by spring 102 so that a segment 113 of the valve element seats against the inlet to bore 96. A lever 12 is pivotally connected to the valve element so that when lever 12 is moved anticlockwise valve element 100 moves against the spring to open the bore 96 and hence the passage through the valve to atmosphere at 44. A sintered disc 90 reduces the noise of escaping gas. To enable the flow passage to be kept open, the upper edge of lever 12 is bevelled and its connection to the valve element is such that it can be rotated clockwise to abut housing 106 thereby biassing the valve to the open position. The spring 102 is such that if the pressure within the instrument exceeds a predetermined amount the pressure acting through bore 94 on a shoulder 120 of the valve element will move the valve element away from the bore 96. A valve 20 is provided to interrupt the supply of refrigerant. In a valve modification, the segment 113 of the valve element is tapered and means are provided for presetting the distance by which it can move away from bore 96 thereby varying the size of the inlet to bore 96 to obtain a predetermined refrigerant flow rate and hence predetermined temperature of the probe.
GB4517772A 1971-10-06 1972-09-29 Cryosurgical instruments Expired GB1339218A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US18946971A true 1971-10-06 1971-10-06

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
GB1339218A true GB1339218A (en) 1973-11-28

Family

ID=22697465

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
GB4517772A Expired GB1339218A (en) 1971-10-06 1972-09-29 Cryosurgical instruments

Country Status (12)

Country Link
US (1) US3696813A (en)
JP (2) JPS5124834B2 (en)
BE (1) BE796706Q (en)
BR (1) BR7206778D0 (en)
CA (1) CA995910A (en)
CH (1) CH552378A (en)
DE (1) DE2239914C3 (en)
ES (1) ES407307A1 (en)
FR (1) FR2155283A5 (en)
GB (1) GB1339218A (en)
IT (1) IT969339B (en)
NL (1) NL154932B (en)

Families Citing this family (61)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
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US3696813A (en) * 1971-10-06 1972-10-10 Cryomedics Cryosurgical instrument
US3800552A (en) * 1972-03-29 1974-04-02 Bendix Corp Cryogenic surgical instrument
GB1438759A (en) * 1972-06-02 1976-06-09 Spembly Ltd Cryo-surgical apparatus
US3807403A (en) * 1972-06-14 1974-04-30 Frigitronics Of Conn Inc Cryosurgical apparatus
US3886945A (en) * 1972-06-14 1975-06-03 Frigitronics Of Conn Inc Cryosurgical apparatus
DE2319922A1 (en) * 1973-04-19 1974-11-07 Draegerwerk Ag cryoprobe
US3901241A (en) * 1973-05-31 1975-08-26 Al Corp Du Disposable cryosurgical instrument
JPS5330952B2 (en) * 1975-04-17 1978-08-30
GB1513565A (en) * 1975-04-22 1978-06-07 Spembly Ltd Cryosurgical instruments
US4074717A (en) * 1975-04-23 1978-02-21 Said Robert R. Schulze, By Said Floyd R. Ladd Cryogenic probe
US4018227A (en) * 1975-10-09 1977-04-19 Cryomedics, Inc. Cryosurgical instrument
US4367743A (en) * 1976-05-24 1983-01-11 Virginia M. Gregory Self-pressurizing cryogenic apparatus and method
US4146030A (en) * 1976-12-27 1979-03-27 Dynatech Corporation Cryosurgical instrument
MX146492A (en) * 1977-04-04 1982-07-02 Frigitronics Of Conn Inc Improvements to supply a cryogenic system, for example liquid nitrogen
US4275734A (en) * 1977-08-12 1981-06-30 Valleylab, Inc. Cryosurgical apparatus and method
US4236518A (en) * 1978-04-14 1980-12-02 Gyne-Tech Instrument Corporation Cryogenic device selectively operable in a continuous freezing mode, a continuous thawing mode or a combination thereof
US4211231A (en) * 1978-05-15 1980-07-08 Cryomedics, Inc. Cryosurgical instrument
US4206760A (en) * 1978-06-30 1980-06-10 Cryomedics, Inc. Bearing coupling for enabling the tip of a cryosurgical instrument to be rotated independently of inlet and exhaust tubes
DE2831199C3 (en) * 1978-07-15 1981-01-08 Erbe Elektromedizin Gmbh & Co Kg, 7400 Tuebingen
US4377168A (en) * 1981-02-27 1983-03-22 Wallach Surgical Instruments, Inc. Cryosurgical instrument
US4838041A (en) * 1987-02-05 1989-06-13 Gte Laboratories Incorporated Expansion/evaporation cooling system for microelectronic devices
US5139496A (en) * 1990-12-20 1992-08-18 Hed Aharon Z Ultrasonic freeze ablation catheters and probes
US5132089A (en) * 1991-01-31 1992-07-21 Lightfoot Fred G Hand-held cryofixation apparatus
IL104506A (en) * 1993-01-25 1997-11-20 Israel State Fast changing heating- cooling device and method, particularly for cryogenic and/or surgical use
IL107460A (en) * 1993-11-01 1999-06-20 Israel State Controlled cryogenic contact system
GB2289510A (en) * 1994-05-10 1995-11-22 Spembly Medical Ltd Connector
US6530234B1 (en) * 1995-10-12 2003-03-11 Cryogen, Inc. Precooling system for Joule-Thomson probe
US5910104A (en) 1996-12-26 1999-06-08 Cryogen, Inc. Cryosurgical probe with disposable sheath
US6270494B1 (en) 1996-12-26 2001-08-07 Cryogen, Inc. Stretchable cryoprobe sheath
US6051019A (en) 1998-01-23 2000-04-18 Del Mar Medical Technologies, Inc. Selective organ hypothermia method and apparatus
US6312452B1 (en) 1998-01-23 2001-11-06 Innercool Therapies, Inc. Selective organ cooling catheter with guidewire apparatus and temperature-monitoring device
US6558412B2 (en) 1998-01-23 2003-05-06 Innercool Therapies, Inc. Selective organ hypothermia method and apparatus
US6602276B2 (en) 1998-03-31 2003-08-05 Innercool Therapies, Inc. Method and device for performing cooling- or cryo-therapies for, e.g., angioplasty with reduced restenosis or pulmonary vein cell necrosis to inhibit atrial fibrillation
US6251105B1 (en) 1998-03-31 2001-06-26 Endocare, Inc. Cryoprobe system
US7001378B2 (en) 1998-03-31 2006-02-21 Innercool Therapies, Inc. Method and device for performing cooling or cryo-therapies, for, e.g., angioplasty with reduced restenosis or pulmonary vein cell necrosis to inhibit atrial fibrillation employing tissue protection
US6685732B2 (en) 1998-03-31 2004-02-03 Innercool Therapies, Inc. Method and device for performing cooling- or cryo-therapies for, e.g., angioplasty with reduced restenosis or pulmonary vein cell necrosis to inhibit atrial fibrillation employing microporous balloon
US7291144B2 (en) 1998-03-31 2007-11-06 Innercool Therapies, Inc. Method and device for performing cooling- or cryo-therapies for, e.g., angioplasty with reduced restenosis or pulmonary vein cell necrosis to inhibit atrial fibrillation
US6905494B2 (en) 1998-03-31 2005-06-14 Innercool Therapies, Inc. Method and device for performing cooling- or cryo-therapies for, e.g., angioplasty with reduced restenosis or pulmonary vein cell necrosis to inhibit atrial fibrillation employing tissue protection
US6338727B1 (en) 1998-08-13 2002-01-15 Alsius Corporation Indwelling heat exchange catheter and method of using same
US6237355B1 (en) * 1999-06-25 2001-05-29 Cryogen, Inc. Precooled cryogenic ablation system
US7004936B2 (en) * 2000-08-09 2006-02-28 Cryocor, Inc. Refrigeration source for a cryoablation catheter
JP2005503241A (en) * 2001-09-27 2005-02-03 ガリル メディカル リミテッド Cryoplasty apparatus and method
AU2002341359A1 (en) * 2001-09-27 2003-04-07 Galil Medical Ltd. Apparatus and method for cryosurgical treatment of tumors of the breast
US7004937B2 (en) * 2002-07-31 2006-02-28 Cryocor, Inc. Wire reinforced articulation segment
US20040034344A1 (en) * 2002-08-16 2004-02-19 Eric Ryba Tip pressure monitoring for cryoablation catheters
US6955673B2 (en) * 2002-08-16 2005-10-18 Cryocor, Inc. Heat transfer segment for a cryoablation catheter
US6981382B2 (en) * 2003-07-24 2006-01-03 Cryocor, Inc. Distal end for cryoablation catheters
US20050027289A1 (en) * 2003-07-31 2005-02-03 Thomas Castellano Cryoablation systems and methods
US7070594B2 (en) * 2004-02-10 2006-07-04 Cryocor, Inc. System and method for assessing ice ball formation during a cryoablation procedure
US20050198972A1 (en) * 2004-03-10 2005-09-15 Lentz David J. Pressure-temperature control for a cryoablation catheter system
US7156840B2 (en) * 2004-06-29 2007-01-02 Cryocor, Inc. Pressure monitor for cryoablation catheter
US7357797B2 (en) * 2004-06-30 2008-04-15 Cryocor, Inc. System and method for varying return pressure to control tip temperature of a cryoablation catheter
US7163535B2 (en) * 2004-06-30 2007-01-16 Cryocor, Inc. System for detecting leaks and occlusions in a cryoablation catheter
US20060047245A1 (en) * 2004-08-24 2006-03-02 Ruchir Sehra Catheter control unit
EP1907183A4 (en) * 2005-06-30 2009-11-11 Stc Consulting Llc Method and apparatus for cryogenically treating lesions on biological tissue
US20100256620A1 (en) * 2006-01-12 2010-10-07 Galil Medical Ltd. Thin flexible cryoprobe operated by krypton
FR2916625B1 (en) * 2007-05-31 2010-08-20 Phakos Cryogenic device for surgical use
US8915908B2 (en) * 2009-03-20 2014-12-23 Atricure, Inc. Cryogenic probe
US20120109117A1 (en) * 2010-10-28 2012-05-03 Adam Harp Cryogenic probe with swivel
US9283022B2 (en) * 2011-02-01 2016-03-15 Channel Medsystems, Inc. Methods and apparatus for cryogenic treatment of a body cavity or lumen
EP2696785B1 (en) * 2011-05-11 2016-11-02 Icecure Medical Ltd. Coiled heat exchanger for cryosurgical instrument

Family Cites Families (16)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3289424A (en) * 1963-07-01 1966-12-06 Union Carbide Corp Cryosurgical fluid control system
US3425419A (en) * 1964-08-08 1969-02-04 Angelo Actis Dato Method of lowering and raising the temperature of the human body
US3398738A (en) * 1964-09-24 1968-08-27 Aerojet General Co Refrigerated surgical probe
US3298371A (en) * 1965-02-11 1967-01-17 Arnold S J Lee Freezing probe for the treatment of tissue, especially in neurosurgery
BE678971A (en) * 1965-04-13 1966-09-16
US3477434A (en) * 1965-06-02 1969-11-11 Cvi Corp Cryosurgical apparatus
US3393679A (en) * 1965-12-27 1968-07-23 Frigitronics Of Conn Inc Cryosurgical instrument
US3451395A (en) * 1967-02-03 1969-06-24 Frigitronics Of Conn Inc Cryosurgical instruments
CH467078A (en) * 1967-02-04 1969-01-15 Riggi Giovanni Medical device, provided with tool perfrigeratore for therapeutic or surgical use
NO119537B (en) * 1967-04-14 1970-06-01 Hymatic Eng Co Ltd
US3536075A (en) * 1967-08-01 1970-10-27 Univ Northwestern Cryosurgical instrument
US3512531A (en) * 1968-01-11 1970-05-19 Frigitronics Of Conn Inc Method and apparatus for cryosurgery
US3524446A (en) * 1968-05-31 1970-08-18 Frigitronics Of Conn Inc Disposable cryosurgical instrument
US3548829A (en) * 1968-10-21 1970-12-22 Frigitronics Of Conn Inc Cryosurgical instrument
US3575176A (en) * 1968-10-21 1971-04-20 Frigitronics Of Conn Inc Rechargeable cryosurgical instrument
US3696813A (en) * 1971-10-06 1972-10-10 Cryomedics Cryosurgical instrument

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
NL7213462A (en) 1973-04-10
BR7206778D0 (en) 1973-07-26
JPS49145488U (en) 1974-12-16
IT969339B (en) 1974-03-30
NL154932B (en) 1977-11-15
DE2239914C3 (en) 1975-02-13
CH552378A (en) 1974-08-15
JPS5124834B2 (en) 1976-07-27
BE796706Q (en) 1973-07-02
FR2155283A5 (en) 1973-05-18
CA995910A (en) 1976-08-31
BE796706A7 (en)
JPS4845086A (en) 1973-06-28
DE2239914B2 (en) 1974-06-27
US3696813A (en) 1972-10-10
ES407307A1 (en) 1975-10-16
CA995910A1 (en)
DE2239914A1 (en) 1973-04-12

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Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
414F Notice of opposition given (sect. 14/1949)
414B Case decided by the comptroller ** grants allowed (sect. 14/1949)
PS Patent sealed
PLE Entries relating assignments, transmissions, licences in the register of patents
PCNP Patent ceased through non-payment of renewal fee