CN2537782Y - Environment protection energy saving civil residential building - Google Patents

Environment protection energy saving civil residential building Download PDF

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Publication number
CN2537782Y
CN2537782Y CN 01266752 CN01266752U CN2537782Y CN 2537782 Y CN2537782 Y CN 2537782Y CN 01266752 CN01266752 CN 01266752 CN 01266752 U CN01266752 U CN 01266752U CN 2537782 Y CN2537782 Y CN 2537782Y
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
building
room
energy saving
walls
environmental protection
Prior art date
Application number
CN 01266752
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
刘振森
Original Assignee
刘振森
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Priority to CN 01266752 priority Critical patent/CN2537782Y/en
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Publication of CN2537782Y publication Critical patent/CN2537782Y/en

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Abstract

The utility model discloses a novel environment protecting and energy-saving civil residential building, and belongs to a civil architecture. The utility model comprises a base seat (2), ring beams (4), shockproof upright posts (5), floor slabs (11), outer walls (6), inner walls (12), doors, windows, and balconies (22), and the flat suite room comprises a bed room, a living room, a cooking room and a toilet. The utility model is characterized in that the flat suite room has at least one floor, a loft is arranged at the top part, and the loft is a solar hot house (20); the outer walls are composite layer protective walls; air inlet holes (9) are arranged at the lower part of the outer walls, and air outlet holes (10) are arranged at the top part of the building; the windows are in frameless whole sealing type; the doors are in push and pull type; a wind power generator (23) and a solar panel (24) are equipped at the top part of the building; water ditches (33) are arranged at the top part of the building; cold water ponds (37) are dug and laid under the ground of the bottom layer. The utility model is rationally designed, has fresh air in the building, and saves the energy, without pollution.

Description

The environmental protection and energy saving Civil apartment

(1) technical field: the utility model relates to building, relates generally to civilian construction, is meant a kind of moderately well-off villa type environmental protection and energy saving Civil apartment especially.

(2) background technology: along with improving constantly of people's living standard, at present, the housing construction standard in rural area, the vast cities and towns of China is more and more higher, develops towards two layers of three layers of residential building direction of villa type, but the present Civil apartment of building, ubiquity function singleness, power consumption is big, and the cost height fails to make full use of natural resources such as solar energy, wind energy, ground temperature, IAQ (indoor air quality) is poor, defectives such as warming contaminated environment.

(3) technology contents: goal of the invention of the present utility model, be to adopt an effective measure, avoid and overcome having the particularly defective of villa type residential houses of residential houses now, a new technical scheme is provided, build the environment protecting and power-saving Civil apartment.

The technical program is: this building is constructed by base foundation (2), collar tie beam (4), shockproof column (5), floor (11), exterior wall (6), interior wall (12), door and window, balcony (22) etc. and is formed, its unit suite comprises bedroom, parlor, kitchen, washroom etc., the unit suite only is one deck less, loft is established at the top, be solar energy glass greenhouse (20) that its scarp slope is inlayed transparent glass or transparent glass steel (21) 1-2 layer; Exterior wall is a composite bed structure, by forward and backward real core brick layer or hollow building-block layer (7), and in the middle of heat insulating material interlayer (8) constitute, air inlet (9) is established in its bottom, roof is established steam vent (10); Window is no frame totally enclosed type, and forms (14) are transparent glass or transparent glass steel 1-2 layer; By solar heated green house (20), aerofoil fan (27), ajutage (28), air outlet in each room (29) and return air inlet (30) constitute winter heating system; By formation rainwater utilization systems such as reservoirs (35) in roof of storied building overfall ditch (33), leader (34), the loft; Constitute electric power system by the wind-driven generator that is installed on roof of storied building (23), solar panel (24), battery etc.; Water cooling pond (37), water pump, feed pipe, each room surface cooler (38) of being sent underground between cold to dig to be built into by bottom constitute and send cool system summer.

The utility model has been owing to adopted no frame totally enclosed type glass window, and designed rational room ventilation, and indoor tightness, degree with fresh air are greatly improved.The composite bed of stuffed heat insulated insulation layer structure had reduced energy consumption in the middle of exterior wall adopted, and had improved indoor heat-insulation and heat-preservation.The roof loft is built into solar heated green house, and heat supply in winter is provided, and has cancelled coal-fired, oil burner, and saving power and preventing pollution dyes.Roof is installed solar panel and wind-driven generator provides electric energy, for having a bath, has made full use of solar energy and wind energy by the dress solar water heater.Collect rainwater, and utilize rainwater to make living water use, flush the toilet and water for fire, saved water resource.Utilize cellar cold water to send cold summer, without air-conditioning, energy-conservation sharp again environmental protection.Make the present invention really become the environment-friendly and energy-efficient green building.

(4) description of drawings: accompanying drawing 1 the utility model front view

Accompanying drawing 2 the utility model right views

Sectional view is looked on accompanying drawing 3 the utility model right sides

Accompanying drawing 4 the utility model bottom architectural plans

Accompanying drawing 5 the utility model front window rear elevations

Accompanying drawing 6 the utility model electric power system schematic diagrams

(5) specific embodiment: above-mentioned accompanying drawing, provide the utility model an embodiment, be two layers of villa Xiao Lou of a band loft, also can be one deck or three layers etc., underground is basis (2), is foundation ring beam (4) on it, and floor treatment is to spread two layers of plastic sheeting earlier, repave one deck insulation layer (3), the damp proof insulation insulation.Cast shockproof column (5) on the collar tie beam, build exterior wall (6) between column, exterior wall is a composite sandwich construction, comprise forward and backward real core brick or hollow building-block layer (7), this example is a 120mm common brick layer, presss from both sides one deck heat-insulation and heat-preservation material (8) therebetween, polystyrene thermal insulation plate, can also adopt the polyurethane thermal insulation plate, or rock cotton board.Front window (13) is the totally-enclosed non-open-type of no frame, is that glass directly is fixed on the exterior wall, and the 1-2 layer is installed, this example is a double window, nexine is on glass down respectively establishes an aperture (15), and establishes active pulling-door (16), sees that accompanying drawing 5 looks, close insulation night, open daytime, and in order to flowing with indoor formation air circulation in the glass sandwich, window compares greater than 0.4 with the bedroom area, daylighting area is big, can make full use of sunlight.The same window of back window construction, just nexine glass is not established aperture up and down, adopt no frame totally enclosed type glass window, improved indoor tightness, make indoor dustless health, room ventilation is to finish by the steam vent (10) that exhaust fan is equipped with in the air inlet (9) of the band filter screen of being located at the wall bottom and roof portion, is natural ventilation when closing exhaust fan, forms also can adopt the clear glass steel except that adopting glass.Flat mouthful of back cast of one deck collar tie beam, last floor (11) is built the second layer, and each layer is divided into bedroom, parlor, kitchen, washroom etc. by interior wall (12).The roof loft is solar heated green house (20), the pinnacle, adverse grade mat formation warming plate (31) and waterproof watt (32), the scarp slope all cover is installed transparent glass (21), the 1-2 layer, present embodiment is a single-glass, also can adopt transparent grp, temperature is average about 30 ℃ in the winter solar energy greenhouse, hot air in the solar heated green house is by aerofoil fan (27), ajutage (28) to each room air outlet (29) is discharged, and get back to greenhouse by bottom return air inlet (30) and backwind tube, so circulation provides heat supply in winter, also can establish the air channel and replace ajutage and backwind tube, have bathroom (26) and large-scale reservoir (35) in the greenhouse, this double as accumulation of heat pond, pond and accumulate rainwater usefulness in interior giving within the walls.The collection of rainwater is by being located at the domatic overfall ditch (33) of roof, leader (34), storing to reservoir (35), and provide living water use by water pipe, flush the toilet, and be connected to fire plug in order to fire-fighting usefulness, and what and mode of occupation visual rainwater collect, and replenishes well water or tap water with pump in the pond.In the shade of bottom, by underground dig build by laying bricks or stones one the cooling cold water Jiao Chi (37), the retaining in summer, water temperature is generally about 18 ℃, deliver to the surface cooler (38) in each room by water pump and pipeline, provide and send cold summer, front window and solar heated green house skylight, have sunbreaker or sky shade, be used for the sunshading and temperature reducing in summer.The Boston ivy (or ivy or bryony) of also having planted is afforested the exterior wall of this building, absorbs solar radiation, not only can lower the temperature but also build microclimate.Wind-driven generator (23) and the solar panel (24) of the present invention by being installed on roof, for building provides electric power, the electricity principle is seen accompanying drawing 6, wind-driven generator is accumulator jar (40) charging through rectification circuit (39), solar panel directly is the accumulator jar charging, the output of accumulator jar, the one tunnel for direct-flow electricity utilization apparatus B, and the alternating current-direct current inverter (41) of leading up to is for AC electric equipment A.The present invention is located at balcony (22) on the loft; Qianmen (18) and door (17) are the reservoir wall sliding door, can improve the room utilization rate, and band wind reduces to come in and go out.

Claims (5)

1. environmental protection and energy saving Civil apartment, construct by base foundation (2), collar tie beam (4), shockproof column (5), floor (11), exterior wall (6), interior wall (12), door and window, balcony (22) etc. and to form, its unit suite comprises bedroom, parlor, kitchen, washroom etc., it is characterized in that the only rare one deck of unit suite; The top loft is solar energy glass greenhouse (20); Exterior wall (6) is the composite bed structure; Air inlet (9) is established in its bottom, and roof is established steam vent (10); Window is no frame totally enclosed type.
2. according to the described environmental protection and energy saving Civil apartment of claim 1, it is characterized in that described solar energy glass greenhouse (20), its scarp slope all cover are inlayed transparent glass or transparent glass steel 1-2 layer, adverse grade is installed warming plate (31) and waterproof watt (32); By solar heated green house (20), and the room in aerofoil fan (27), ajutage (28), be communicated with air outlet (29) the formation winter heating system in each room; Described composite bed exterior wall (6) is by forward and backward real core brick layer or hollow building-block layer (7), reaches middle heat insulating material interlayer (8) formation; Forms (14) are transparent glass or transparent glass steel 1-2 layer; Qianmen and door are wall concealed sliding door.
3. according to claim 1 or 2 described environmental protection and energy saving Civil apartments, it is characterized in that water cooling pond (37), water pump, the feed pipe that is sent underground between cold to dig to constitute by bottom, the surface cooler (38) that is communicated with each room constitute and send cool system summer; By reservoir (35), water supply line in the roof of storied building overfall ditch (33), leader (34), loft, constitute the rainwater catchment system system with drainage facility; Constitute electric power system by the wind-driven generator that is installed on roof of storied building (23), solar panel (24), battery etc.
4. according to the described environmental protection and energy saving Civil apartment of claim 3, it is characterized in that the heat insulating material interlayer is polystyrene thermal insulation plate or polyurethane thermal insulation plate or rock wool heat-preservation plate in the middle of the exterior wall.
5. according to the described environmental protection and energy saving Civil apartment of claim 4, it is characterized in that, adopt climbing plant ivy or bryony or Boston ivy etc. that wall face is afforested.
CN 01266752 2001-10-30 2001-10-30 Environment protection energy saving civil residential building CN2537782Y (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN 01266752 CN2537782Y (en) 2001-10-30 2001-10-30 Environment protection energy saving civil residential building

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN 01266752 CN2537782Y (en) 2001-10-30 2001-10-30 Environment protection energy saving civil residential building

Publications (1)

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CN2537782Y true CN2537782Y (en) 2003-02-26

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Cited By (16)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101487347A (en) * 2008-12-05 2009-07-22 杨艺明 Energy-saving solar bathroom
CN101684692A (en) * 2009-06-28 2010-03-31 罗进南 High energy conservation and high land conservation residential building with transitional energy-saving space
CN102168504A (en) * 2011-03-08 2011-08-31 张文举 Combined ecological energy-saving house
CN102312790A (en) * 2010-05-05 2012-01-11 冯刚克 Novel ventilating pipeline wind power generation system and generator
CN102400568A (en) * 2010-09-08 2012-04-04 刘旭东 Ecological energy complex building
CN102493677A (en) * 2011-11-16 2012-06-13 山东科技大学 Self-heating residence
CN102535940A (en) * 2010-12-20 2012-07-04 刘新广 Solar building
CN102720338A (en) * 2012-06-05 2012-10-10 黄山市英赛特置业有限公司 Anhui-style caisson structure and construction method thereof
CN103175273A (en) * 2013-03-14 2013-06-26 郁星明 Indoor heat producing system
CN103321451A (en) * 2013-06-04 2013-09-25 吕柏林 Environment-friendly house
CN104032982A (en) * 2013-03-08 2014-09-10 庄懿 Solar greenhouse roof power generation heating and refrigerating system of high-rise building
CN104179368A (en) * 2014-08-22 2014-12-03 张从尧 New energy residence
CN106149867A (en) * 2016-08-29 2016-11-23 北京启明兴华科技有限公司 Energy saving and environment friendly house
CN107355741A (en) * 2017-07-18 2017-11-17 佛山赛威光电技术有限公司 A kind of photoelectric lighting device of natural lighting
TWI613831B (en) * 2017-06-16 2018-02-01 Solar lighting ventilation lampshade
CN110409864A (en) * 2019-06-11 2019-11-05 华北水利水电大学 A kind of Green environmental-protection building

Cited By (20)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101487347A (en) * 2008-12-05 2009-07-22 杨艺明 Energy-saving solar bathroom
CN101684692A (en) * 2009-06-28 2010-03-31 罗进南 High energy conservation and high land conservation residential building with transitional energy-saving space
CN102312790B (en) * 2010-05-05 2015-04-08 冯刚克 Novel ventilating pipeline wind power generation system
CN102312790A (en) * 2010-05-05 2012-01-11 冯刚克 Novel ventilating pipeline wind power generation system and generator
CN102400568A (en) * 2010-09-08 2012-04-04 刘旭东 Ecological energy complex building
CN102400568B (en) * 2010-09-08 2013-09-18 刘旭东 Ecological energy complex building
CN102535940A (en) * 2010-12-20 2012-07-04 刘新广 Solar building
CN102168504A (en) * 2011-03-08 2011-08-31 张文举 Combined ecological energy-saving house
CN102493677A (en) * 2011-11-16 2012-06-13 山东科技大学 Self-heating residence
CN102720338A (en) * 2012-06-05 2012-10-10 黄山市英赛特置业有限公司 Anhui-style caisson structure and construction method thereof
CN104032982A (en) * 2013-03-08 2014-09-10 庄懿 Solar greenhouse roof power generation heating and refrigerating system of high-rise building
CN103175273A (en) * 2013-03-14 2013-06-26 郁星明 Indoor heat producing system
CN103175273B (en) * 2013-03-14 2018-08-03 山西山安蓝天节能科技有限公司 A kind of indoor heating system
CN103321451A (en) * 2013-06-04 2013-09-25 吕柏林 Environment-friendly house
CN104179368A (en) * 2014-08-22 2014-12-03 张从尧 New energy residence
CN106149867A (en) * 2016-08-29 2016-11-23 北京启明兴华科技有限公司 Energy saving and environment friendly house
CN106149867B (en) * 2016-08-29 2019-06-11 北京启明兴华科技有限公司 Energy saving and environment friendly house
TWI613831B (en) * 2017-06-16 2018-02-01 Solar lighting ventilation lampshade
CN107355741A (en) * 2017-07-18 2017-11-17 佛山赛威光电技术有限公司 A kind of photoelectric lighting device of natural lighting
CN110409864A (en) * 2019-06-11 2019-11-05 华北水利水电大学 A kind of Green environmental-protection building

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