CN102644387A - Solar and wind energy renewable energy source sustainable building integrated system - Google Patents

Solar and wind energy renewable energy source sustainable building integrated system Download PDF

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Publication number
CN102644387A
CN102644387A CN2012101144078A CN201210114407A CN102644387A CN 102644387 A CN102644387 A CN 102644387A CN 2012101144078 A CN2012101144078 A CN 2012101144078A CN 201210114407 A CN201210114407 A CN 201210114407A CN 102644387 A CN102644387 A CN 102644387A
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heat
energy
air
solar
water
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黄建武
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黄建武
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A30/00Adapting or protecting infrastructure or their operation
    • Y02A30/24Structural elements or technologies for improving thermal insulation
    • Y02A30/249Glazing, e.g. vacuum glazing
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02BCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO BUILDINGS, e.g. HOUSING, HOUSE APPLIANCES OR RELATED END-USER APPLICATIONS
    • Y02B10/00Integration of renewable energy sources in buildings
    • Y02B10/10Photovoltaic [PV]
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02BCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO BUILDINGS, e.g. HOUSING, HOUSE APPLIANCES OR RELATED END-USER APPLICATIONS
    • Y02B10/00Integration of renewable energy sources in buildings
    • Y02B10/20Solar thermal
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02BCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO BUILDINGS, e.g. HOUSING, HOUSE APPLIANCES OR RELATED END-USER APPLICATIONS
    • Y02B30/00Energy efficient heating, ventilation or air conditioning [HVAC]
    • Y02B30/52Heat recovery pumps, i.e. heat pump based systems or units able to transfer the thermal energy from one area of the premises or part of the facilities to a different one, improving the overall efficiency
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02BCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO BUILDINGS, e.g. HOUSING, HOUSE APPLIANCES OR RELATED END-USER APPLICATIONS
    • Y02B80/00Architectural or constructional elements improving the thermal performance of buildings
    • Y02B80/22Glazing, e.g. vaccum glazing
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02PCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PRODUCTION OR PROCESSING OF GOODS
    • Y02P80/00Climate change mitigation technologies for sector-wide applications
    • Y02P80/20Climate change mitigation technologies for sector-wide applications using renewable energy

Abstract

The invention relates to a solar and wind energy renewable energy source sustainable building integrated system and relates to utilization of renewable energy sources, improvement on comfortable energy-saving environments of buildings and optimal design by comprehensive balance with sustainable energy saving of the building as an object according to international latest energy-saving standard. An outer wall adopts an assembled wall board which is produced according to the standard of the industry and integrates the functions of bearing weight, preserving heat, insulating, generating power by using solar energy and can generate hot water to heat air. An outer window adopts a four-glass plastic steel window; a window top adopts a solar shield which integrates the function of generating power by using solar energy and generating hot water to heat air; a roof adopts an assembled solar roof panel which is produced according to the standard of the industry and integrates the functions of preserving heat, insulating, resisting water, generating power by using solar energy and can generate hot water to heat air; wind energy power generating and energy storing equipment, a heat storage water tank, an air source heat pump and a central air-conditioning main machine are arranged on the roof of an elevator room; and built-in energy storage equipment, a heat storage water tank, a central air-conditioning main machine and an air heat source pump which are among equipment are arranged every 1-6 layers. The solar and wind energy renewable energy source and sustainable building integrated system disclosed by the invention is an integrated system which utilizes a sustainable building and renewable energy sources and is used for supplying power and heat, refrigerating and heating for the buildings and managing the indoor air pollution and the like and is widely applied to civil use, villas, factories, schools, barracks, frontier sentries, field research, earthquake relief work, hospitals, commercial use, new countries and the like.

Description

Space can wind energy renewable energy resource Sustainable Building integral system
Technical field
The present invention relates to intelligence system that Sustainable Building, integrated design, factory normalization assembling wallboard, factory normalization fabricated roofing plate, factory normalization assembling inner partition plate, factory normalization Indoor decorative plate, factory normalization decorative plate of outer wall, factory normalization assembling floor plate, factory normalization fabricated roofing Roofing slab, multifuctional solar photovoltaic and photothermal module, balcony fence multifunctional solar energy heat collecting module, window sunshade multifunction solar energy heat collecting module, four layers of multi-functional plastic-steel window, the energy-conservation door of standardization, quality air cleaning unit, assembling whole kitchen, assembling integral shower room, the whole washroom of assembling, bathroom ware vacuum water-saving system, LED lamp, solar electrical energy generation, wind power generation, air energy heat pump, heat pump air conditioner, novel air purification fan coil air-conditioner, central air conditioner system, energy-conservation non-electric air-conditioning, power supply, heating, refrigeration, domestic hot-water, multi-functional accumulator, washroom Waste Heat Recovery, the waste heat recovery of central air-conditioning heat pump air conditioner, roof rain water collecting, roof greening, intelligent building automation control system, Sustainable Building supply and drain water system, Sustainable Building electrical distribution system, Sustainable Building illuminator, Sustainable Building device systems, Sustainable Building weak electricity system, Sustainable Building fire fighting system, Sustainable Building communication system, Sustainable Building install, space can source, wind energy ground ability etc. the renewable energy resource combine a kind of specifically space ability wind energy renewable energy resource Sustainable Building integral system with Sustainable Building.
Background technology
1, Chinese building construction is huge, but the thermal insulation of its space enclosing structure and tightness are very poor, and heating system is quite backward, and the energy for building waste is serious.Energy for building accounts for 30%~40% of national total energy consumption, and China's housing construction heating energy consumption is about 3 times of developed country, and exterior wall is 4-5 times, and the roof is 2.5 ~ 5.5 times, and exterior window is 1.5 ~ 2.2 times, and the contradiction of energy supply and demand is becoming increasingly acute.
2, Sustainable Building is the main flow of 21 century world architecture Building technology development already; All members of Sustainable Building all adopt factory normalization to make, on-site consolidation, assembling flexibly; The buiding material members of Multifunction; With girder steel, the supporting assembling of post framework, form exterior wall, roofing, interior wall, floor, constitute whole building.Advantages such as assembled architecture has from heavy and light, the duration is short, industrialization degree is high, anti-seismic performance is good.At present, assembled architecture just develops towards the direction of full assembling, multilayer or high building structure.The building system of China is many to be main with brick mix structure, framework, shear wall structure system, exist long construction period, manpower consumption big, consume a large amount of resources such as steel cement, destroy ecological environment and cause environment pollution.Because energy-saving building technology requires to improve, assembled architecture system technology also is not very ripe, and at present, the durability of wallboard, weatherability, the scope of application, construction quality all have certain defective.Imperfection is gone back in the comprehensive utilization of the renewable energy resource, power-saving technology and architecture-integral, and work household electricity, heating and refrigerating of resident will consume the great amount of conventional energy every day, and natural environment is caused very big destruction.
3, surplus cold complementary recycling that do not have of the waste heat of air source (water source) heat pump air conditioner, the spent hot water of bathing does not utilize recovery, and in a large number to atmosphere emission greenhouse gas, water is not recycled in the rainwater.
4, treating indoor air pollution and dustless ozone are difficult to guarantee, residential block sewage through handling, does not just directly discharge.
Summary of the invention
The objective of the invention is to overcome above-mentioned existing deficiency, a kind of space ability wind energy renewable energy resource Sustainable Building integral system is provided.
The technical solution adopted for the present invention to solve the technical problems is:
Consisting of of space ability wind energy renewable energy resource Sustainable Building integral system: manufacturer's standard assembling wallboard 1, as shown in Figure 2; Inboard pre-buried connection crab-bolt and main framing are fixed, and secondary fire-retardant fireproof insulation layer is set, and interior facing is a standardization environmental-protection decorative panel; By the room function of use multi-functional four-layer glass plastic-steel window is set on the wallboard; It is as shown in Figure 4 that the window top is provided with multifunctional solar energy heat collecting plate 12, but the sunshade thermal-arrest, the personalizable design.Wall face is provided with that multifuctional solar photovoltaic and photothermal module 16 is as shown in Figure 3, and balcony fence is provided with solar heat-collection plate 20, the personalizable design.Assembling whole kitchen, assembling integral shower room, the whole washroom of assembling are set, and shower cubicle is provided with spent hot water's use device, middle apparatus for recovering, indoor novel air purifier, novel air purification fan coil air-conditioner, the floor heating device of being provided with; Multifuctional solar photovoltaic and photothermal module 16 is set on the factory normalization fabricated roofing plate 2; Escalator, staircase roof are provided with wind electricity generating system 3, multi-functional energy storage system 4 and 5, assistant heating 19, electric storage means 8, central air-conditioning unit 6, source pump 7; Wall face is provided with wall-hanging wind energy engine, and roofing is provided with rain collector, the greening of roofing vacancy; Every interval 1-6 layer is provided with equipment room, in establish multi-functional accumulator 4 and 5, assistant heating 19, electric storage means 8, central air-conditioning unit 6, source pump 7.
Advantage of the present invention is following:
1; The present invention is with Sustainable Building; Solar electrical energy generation; Solar energy heating; Wind power generation; The window glass heat preserving and supplying; Window multifunctional sun visor sunshade thermal-arrest; The multi-functional breast board heating of balcony; The generating of exterior-wall heat insulation thermal-arrest; The generating of roof insulation thermal-arrest; The solar-heating refrigeration and heating; The intelligent building automated system; The quality air purification; Rain water on roof reclaims; The water Waste Heat Recovery is utilized in the shower cubicle washroom; The waste heat recovery of heat pump air conditioner central air-conditioning; Air can; The integrated Sustainable Building that the renewable energy resource such as source, ground ability combine.
Characteristics of the present invention are: all members of (1) building are made by factory normalization; On-site consolidation; All facility homogeneous steps put in place; Make full use of external wall elevation, roofing space and regenerative resource perfect adaptation are building power supply, heating, heat supply, freeze, provide quality air, amenity, energy-conserving and environment-protective to accomplish getting along amiably and peacefully of man and nature.(2) be provided with at roofing that the utilization of rainwater recovery pond, rainwater purification pond, shower cubicle used heat, the hot cold water of heat pump air conditioner central air-conditioning are recycled, middle water reclaims, the source can utilize; Ground is provided with rainwater recovery pond, rainwater purification pond, sewage recovery pond, treatment tank; The pond that water recovery channel in special-purpose rainwater recovery channel, the special use, special-purpose sewage recovery channel respectively advance each is set in the building handles recycling; Dual disposal does not reach effect in energy saving and environmental protection.(3) window sunshade multifunction solar energy heat collecting module has not only reached the effect of sunshade but also has played the effect of the sunshine of absorption for the environmental protection of user's heat supply heating energy that utilize.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of space ability wind energy renewable energy resource Sustainable Building integral system of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is space ability wind energy renewable energy resource Sustainable Building integral system factory normalization assembling wallboard sketch map of the present invention;
Fig. 3 is space ability wind energy renewable energy resource Sustainable Building integral system factory normalization fabricated roofing plate sketch map of the present invention;
Fig. 4 is the multifuctional solar photovoltaic heat supply modular structure sketch map of space ability wind energy renewable energy resource Sustainable Building integral system of the present invention;
Fig. 5 is the window sunshade multifunction solar energy heat collecting module structural representation of space ability wind energy renewable energy resource Sustainable Building integral system of the present invention;
Fig. 6 is responsible for the organigram of waste heat return pipe for the heat supply of space ability wind energy renewable energy resource Sustainable Building integral system of the present invention;
Fig. 7 for space of the present invention can wind energy renewable energy resource Sustainable Building integral system the multi-functional plastic-steel window of four-layer glass sketch map Fig. 8 recycle sketch map for the shower cubicle spent hot water of space ability wind energy renewable energy resource Sustainable Building integral system of the present invention
Fig. 9 is the organigram of space ability wind energy renewable energy resource Sustainable Building integral system of the present invention
Figure 10 is the composition sketch map of space ability wind energy renewable energy resource Sustainable Building integral system of the present invention
Figure 11 is the composition sketch map of the intelligent building automation control system of space ability wind energy renewable energy resource Sustainable Building integral system of the present invention
Label declaration
Factory normalization assembling wallboard 1; Load-carrying members 1.1; Insulation layer 1.2; Pre-buried connection crab-bolt 1.4; Crampon 1.5; Four-layer glass plastic-steel window 1.6 sealing joint strips 1.7 vertically connect (adopting plug-in type grouting steel bushing to connect) 1.8; Multifuctional solar photovoltaic and photothermal module 16; Solar electrical energy generation assembly 16.1; Water flow passage 16.2; Metal end frame; 16.3; Polyurethane insulation coating 16.4; Frame 16.5; Anode plug 16.6; Cathode plug 16.7; Pipeline 16.8; Public female snap joint 16.9; Pre-buried connection crab-bolt 16.10; Factory normalization fabricated roofing plate 2; Load-bearing thermal insulation layer 2.1; Wind power generating set 3; Multi-functional accumulator A 4; Multi-functional accumulator B 5; Central air-conditioning unit 6; Source pump 7; Electric storage means 8; Charge controller 8.1; Inverter 8.2; Heat supply water trunk line 9; Interior pipe 9.1; Insulation layer 9.2; Sleeve pipe 9.3; Waste heat water return pipeline 10; Roof panel 11; Window sunshade multifunction solar energy heat collecting module 12; 12.1 heat storage water tank; Copper pipeline 12.2; Safety valve 12.3; Fluviograph 12.4; Circulation pump 12.5; Expansion drum 12.6; Copper coil pipe 12.7; Air inlet 12.8; Hot air outlet 12.9; Floor plate 13; Circulation pump 14; Ability water source 15, source, ground; User's distribution 17; Civil power 18; Assistant heating 19; Balcony fence multifunctional solar energy heat collecting module 20; The wall-hanging wind energy 21 of novel external wall.
The specific embodiment
The specific embodiment of space ability wind energy renewable energy resource Sustainable Building integral system is:
1, Sustainable Building: (1) building construction types is divided into steel work, lightweight steel construction, steel-concrete structure, steel-composite structure, concrete structure, composite structure.(2) composition of Sustainable Building is as shown in Figure 8.Factory normalization assembling side fascia 1 is to design by modulus according to architectural construction, structural requirement and function of use; Factory normalization is made; Be transported to on-site hoisting; Internal and external ornament settles at one go, and the material of side fascia 1 can be steel work, lightweight steel construction, lightweight aggregate reinforced concrete structure, composite structure etc., and Fig. 2 is the sketch map of lightweight aggregate steel concrete outer wall plate.Side fascia is provided with two-layer insulation layer, just has the sandwich thermal insulated layer of one deck during prefabrication own, on-the-spot install the back indoor establish the secondary fireproof thermal-insulation layer again after installation panel, the equal prefabrication of all ancillary facility pipelines settles at one go.It is as shown in Figure 3 that multifuctional solar photovoltaic and photothermal module 16 is all installed at the outer position of facade duration of sunshine more than 4 hours of side fascia 1, is connected with side fascia by cast-in fixing bolt, all is in place in factory; Heat collecting module 16 is completely spread by many groups, and by intelligence system control, the single group of automatic disconnection of can not working do not influence whole system work; Can be under the situation of system's operate as normal; Periodic inspection, periodic replacement, exterior wall window top is provided with window sunshade multifunction solar energy heat collecting module 12; The personalizable design, decoration of exterior wall all is prefabricated in the factory.Outporch is installed balcony fence multifunctional solar energy heat collecting module 20, and the decoration of exterior wall prefabrication settles at one go well.Multifuctional solar photovoltaic and photothermal module 16 power generation and heat collections all are set to produce hot water be that whole architectural power supply, heating, refrigeration adopt intelligence control system to be connected with the intelligent building automation control system with the domestic hot-water with adding hot air but impinge upon 2 roof panel days as shown in Figure 3 of factory normalization fabricated roofing plate position more than 4 hours, measure the employing electronics and measure the calorimeter amount.Wind energy is arranged at roofing and is used for generating; Under the situation of conditions permit, can the wall-hanging wind energy engine 21 of novel external wall be set as generating at external wall elevation; Electrical power storage is user's power supply through the property switchbox in electric storage means; Roof and outdoor is provided with the Solar lamp illumination can save a large amount of electric energy; The roof truss dead level is provided with the rainwater recovery pond, a large amount of electric energy and water resource can be practiced thrift in the rainwater purification pond, and the roof solar heat collecting module is provided with access path on request, and the vacancy, roof is provided with the rainwater pouring that the greenbelt utilization is collected.Indoorly by function of use internal partition wall is set, the internal partition wall material can be steel work, lightweight steel construction, lightweight aggregate reinforced concrete structure, composite structure.Whole kitchen is set, and facility settles at one go in the kitchen, the personalizable design.Monolithic shower cubicle, the making of washroom employing waterproofing materials are set, and the used heat use device is set the shower cubicle underground and middle apparatus for recovering is as shown in Figure 7.Indoor the novel air purifier is set, novel air purification fan coil air-conditioner provides the quality air for the user.The indoor floor heating device that is provided with utilizes the hot water of solar energy accumulation device generation to heat for the user, and light fixture adopts a large amount of approximately electric energy of LED Lantern Festival, and the bathroom ware vacuum technology can be practiced thrift great amount of water resources and electric energy.The outdoor rainwater recovery pond, rainwater purification pond, middle water recovery pond, middle water purifying tank, sewage recovery pond, sewage purifier of being provided with can be practiced thrift great amount of water resources and expense; All members of Sustainable Building all by building design in 100 years application life, can reuse.
2, power-saving technology: (1) sanitaryware adopt vacuum technology; For guaranteeing the developing result of sanitaryware and sewer; Vacuum technique is applied to drainage works; High speed air-water mixture with air replaces most of water to rely on negative pressure of vacuum to produce dashes the sewage in the sanitary equipment, dirt fast and blots only, and system comprises: the sanitary equipment of vacuum valve, special water absorber, closed conduit, vacuum collecting container, vacuum pump, control appliance and pipeline etc.; Average water saving surpasses 40%, and office building is Gao Keda more than 70% more.(2) roof rain water collecting device and rainwater purification device: device is arranged at the roofing overhead layer; Collecting rainwater when raining can be used as in building flushing sanitation sanitary equipment, the building sanitation and hygiene, roofing and irritates indignant water; Through can be used as living water use after the purified treatment; Be recycled to the ground rainwater recovery pond through the rainwater recovery channel when raining heavyly continuously and purify, can be used as living water use, practice thrift great amount of water resources and electric energy through purifier.(3) shower cubicle used heat utilizes with middle water and reclaims: shower cubicle as shown in Figure 7, washroom adopt the waterproofing materials making to reach 100% waterproof effect; Reserve the space of 600-1000 at the shower cubicle underground, the heat collection water tank that adopts Heat Conduction Material to make be set, shower cubicle ground be movable ground just with maintenance; Utilize electromagnetic valve and automatic control system that underground cold waste water is put only before the bathing; The spent hot water flow to around the heat collection water tank during bathing, the cold water of heating in the heat collection water tank, when reaching design temperature through temperature inductor and electromagnetic valve, circulation pump, automatic control system with delivery to accumulator; By the recycle of solar energy reheat; Heating bath be provided with overflow pipe when water is full by middle water recovery channel, be recycled to water recovery pond in the ground, can utilize circulation pump flushing sanitary equipment during level in the heating bath.(4) the multi-functional plastic-steel window of four-layer glass: as shown in Figure 6ly two-layer vacuum heat-insulating layer is set heat insulation effect is met international standards; The outdoor air heat layer that is provided with; Pre-buried copper pipe in zone of heating; Can heat water and air, utilize winter the air of heating to reach effect in energy saving and environmental protection for indoor heating through novel air purification fan coil air-conditioner.(5) window sunshade multifunction solar energy heat collecting module: the effect that had not only reached sunshade as shown in Figure 4 is that air conditioner refrigerating lightens the load but also played the effect that absorbs sunshine and utilized the copper pipe thermal-arrest to produce hot water and add hot air, and hot air heats for the user through novel air purification fan coil air-conditioner winter.(6) the surplus cold recycling of heat pump air conditioner central air-conditioning waste heat is as shown in Figure 5, the waste heat of heat pump air conditioner central air-conditioning generation in service surplus cold utilize the surplus cold recovery channel of waste heat, circulation pump, automatic control system to be recycled to store recycling in the multi-functional accumulator reach effect in energy saving and environmental protection.(7) ground sewage recovery pond, treatment tank are as shown in Figure 8; Sewage is disposed to the sewage recovery pond through special-purpose sewage vent line; In treatment tank, carry out effluent discharge processing up to standard; The sewage of handling can be used as greening and irritates indignant water, both beautified environment and practiced thrift the effect that the energy plays energy-conserving and environment-protective and also created socialbenefit and economic effect.(8) solar energy and air can combine to produce hot water, according to the characteristic of solar-energy air-energy and solar water heater air-source water heater the requirement of natural environment are utilized solar water heater solar time that combines with air-source water heater the sun add hot water not have the solar time to utilize air can add hot water to reach the effect that conventional energy resource such as saves energy reduces cost.(9) solar biogas can biomass energy application technology: the device that solar energy hot cell and biological fuel gas heat supply unit link to each other with the biogas anaerobic fermentation unit respectively is set; Be mainly used in rural area resident's cooking central gas supply or small power generation; Both can change pollution is the biogas resource, promotes gasifying stalk, gas-purification level again; Straw fuel gas also capable of using and solar energy thermal technology are that marsh gas fermenting system heats; A kind of biomass energy, biogas fermentation, solar energy integrated utilization system are provided; Both can realize focusing on of villages and small towns human and animal excreta and sanitary sewage; Changing pollution is the biogas resource, promotes gasifying stalk, gas-purification level again, and the tar content that solves existing gasifying stalk existence is high, calorific value is low and gasify an inefficient difficult problem; Utilize straw fuel gas and solar energy thermal technology to heat again for marsh gas fermenting system; Solved the problem of biogas aerogenesis cold season poor stability; The combination of having guaranteed two kinds of living beings utilization technology is additional with each other, expands the range of application of biomass energy, reaches effect in energy saving and environmental protection.
(10) utilize technology such as biological alcohol oil, the alternative conventional fuel oil of biodiesel to reach effect in energy saving and environmental protection.
(11) application of Solar lamp power-saving technology:, reach the needs of illumination and view, energy-conserving and environment-protective at roof and the outdoor Solar lamp led light source that is provided with.
(12) source can utilize as shown in Figure 8 the source, ground is set can storage facilities; Utilize source, ground ability characteristic cool in summer and warm in winter; The temperature of water source is unusual between the 10-22 degree by regional disparity; Beat underground deep-well generally more than 50 meters at building periphery, at ordinary times water source is stored in the water source that is provided with in source, the ground ability storage facilities that adds thick insulation layer as geothermal heat pump air-conditioner.The water source that also can be used as solar water heater winter improves Heat-collecting effect, and the source, ground can also can be used as the water supply of floor heating device circulating line, reaches the effect that energy-conserving and environment-protective reduce cost.
3, the measure of renewable energy comprehensive utilization is:
(1) electric energy: utilize the multifuctional solar photovoltaic and photothermal module 16 and wind energy unit 3 and wall-hanging wind energy unit 21 generatings of novel external wall of roofing and wall face, the electric energy that sends stores with electric storage means, merges with civil power, is user's power supply; The electric energy that utilization is sent is connected with energy storage system and produces heat energy, and cold energy provides floor heating, central air-conditioning, domestic hot-water's the energy for the user; The electric energy that utilization is sent is the indoor quality air that provides through novel air purifier and novel air purification fan coil air-conditioner; The healthy sterilization technology photo-catalyst of nano titanium oxide also capable of using decomposable process; Kill room air pollutions such as indoor nearly all organic pollution, bacterium, virus, microorganism, dirt particle, purify air.
(2) heat energy: utilize roof and wall face multifuctional solar photovoltaic and photothermal module 16 and window sunshade multifunction solar energy solar energy heat collecting module and 12 with balcony fence multifunctional solar energy heat collecting module 20; Through energy storage system, the heat energy of domestic hot-water, bathing and floor heating, central air-conditioning is provided.
(3) multi-functional accumulator: multi-functional accumulator A 4 multi-functional accumulator B 5 store the hot water that solar energy heat collecting module produces; Through assisted heating device 19, utilize photoelectricity, wind-powered electricity generation, biogas, biodiesel, biological alcohol oil, with the mode that heats store hot water, the source can holder store underground well water, supply the central air-conditioning refrigeration; Multi-functional accumulator is when heat pump turns round, and hot and cold energy segmentation stores, and the air-conditioning Energy Efficiency Ratio improves, simultaneously also not to atmosphere emission greenhouse gas.Really accomplish power saving, environmental protection! Multi-functional accumulator internal memory heating equipment has been broken urban heat supplying and has been relied on central heating supply; Because adopt the heat pump techniques and source, the ground ability of regenerative resource and high benefit, heating cost is cheaper than central heating running expense.Accumulator it also make the main process equipment selection of central air-conditioning little, small investment; The interchanger of accumulator supplies bathing, domestic hot-water to use; Accumulator B 5 on the basis of accumulator A 4 more incendivity coal, firewood, combustion gas, biogas, rubbish produce heat, store heat simultaneously.The source, ground can holder storage place go into the well water-cooled amount, heat, adopt the more energy, refrigeration, heating, domestic hot-water rationally utilize regenerative resource, reach regenerative resource and Sustainable Building is integrated.
(4) assisted heating device: assisted heating device can rationally be selected for use according to user's actual conditions, and the preferential energy that uses has biogas, biological alcohol oil, biodiesel, electric energy, liquefied gas, natural gas
(5) heat pump comprises: air energy heat pump, earth source heat pump.
(6) central air-conditioning: central air-conditioning is preferentially selected non-electric air-conditionings such as solar airconditioning, suction-type lithium bromide air-conditioning, single-action hot-water air-conditioning for use.
(7) floor heating heat supply: the hot water that multifuctional solar photovoltaic and photothermal module 16 produces stores through accumulator A 4, and hot water provides hot water to arrive the floor heating cooling system through floor heating Winter heat supply pipeline; In the coil pipe of floor, circulate, the heating floor, the mode through terrestrial surface radiation is to indoor heating; The required supply water temperature of low-temperature hot water floor radiation heating is at 35 ℃-50 ℃, and 85 ℃-95 ℃ of more common radiator supply water temperatures are much lower, is the low temperature transmission from the heating water tank to the heating end; So the transmission heat waste significantly reduces; The air of solar energy collector also capable of using heating circulate in electric heating coil road to indoor heating, owing to heating tube below ground, the heat that distribute on the floor is from the lower transmission that hoists; Be used effectively with interior physical activity zone at 2 meters, heat waste is little.Floor heating does not take the interior space and temperature gradient is even; Take up room again unlike common radiator that kind is uneven in temperature, the ground heating system Inlet and outlet water all is equipped with the temperature-sensing valve low-temperature water heating and utilizes the temperature control blowback to flow in the accumulator B through storing the purpose that the recycle that so goes round and begins again reaches energy conservation in the heat collector heating entering accumulator A.
Space can wind energy the hot water storage that produces through the multifuctional solar photovoltaic and photothermal module that is arranged on roofing and wall face of renewable energy resource Sustainable Building integral system in multi-functional accumulator; The water that does not have the solar time to utilize air can heat in the accumulator is the annual hot water that domestic hot-water and floor heating pipeline were provided in 24 hours of user; Hot water in the accumulator provides the heat pump air conditioner central air-conditioning required heat energy through assisted heating device; Be user heating, refrigeration the whole year; The hot air that solar energy heat collecting module produces heats to the user through novel air purification fan coil air-conditioner winter; The solar wind-energy electricity can be stored in the electric storage means and merge for the entire building power supply and with civil power, can be to peripheral resident's power supply when electric energy is superfluous.All pipelines of system, energy storage system all are provided with and add thick insulation layer outsourcing topping, and system operation is all adopted full intelligent automatic control system to be connected the full intelligent automatic control of implementation with Sustainable Building integrated system center and need not the special messenger and operate.
[0023]What need understand is: the detailed explanation though the above description of this invention is contrasted; But these explanations; Just to simple declaration of the present invention, rather than limitation of the present invention, within spirit that claim limits and scope, can carry out many modifications, variation or equivalence to it; But they all will fall in protection scope of the present invention, and I keep can the continuous perfect right of wind energy renewable energy resource Sustainable Building integral system patent of invention to space.

Claims (10)

  1. Space can wind energy renewable energy resource Sustainable Building integral system relate to intelligence system remote computer control system that Sustainable Building, integrated design, factory normalization assembling wallboard, factory normalization fabricated roofing plate, factory normalization assembling inner partition plate, factory normalization Indoor decorative plate, factory normalization decorative plate of outer wall, factory normalization assembling floor plate, factory normalization fabricated roofing Roofing slab, multifuctional solar photovoltaic and photothermal module, balcony fence multifunctional solar energy heat collecting module, window sunshade multifunction solar energy heat collecting module, the multi-functional plastic-steel window of four-layer glass, the energy-conservation door of standardization, quality air cleaning unit, assembling whole kitchen, assembling integral shower room, the whole washroom of assembling, bathroom ware vacuum water-saving system, LED lamp, solar electrical energy generation, wind power generation, air energy heat pump, heat pump air conditioner, novel air purification fan coil air-conditioner, solar airconditioning, central air conditioner system, energy-conservation non-electric air-conditioning, power supply, heating, refrigeration, domestic hot-water, multi-functional accumulator, washroom Waste Heat Recovery, the waste heat recovery of central air-conditioning heat pump air conditioner, roof rain water collecting, roof greening, intelligent building automation control system, Sustainable Building supply and drain water system, Sustainable Building electrical distribution system, Sustainable Building illuminator, Sustainable Building device systems, Sustainable Building weak electricity system, Sustainable Building fire fighting system, Sustainable Building communication system, Sustainable Building install, space can wind energy etc. the renewable energy resource combine a kind of specifically space ability wind energy renewable energy resource Sustainable Building integral system with Sustainable Building.
  2. 2. can wind energy renewable energy resource Sustainable Building integral system be according to the said space of claim l with Sustainable Building; Solar electrical energy generation; Solar energy heating; Wind power generation; The window glass heat preserving and supplying; Window multifunctional sun visor sunshade thermal-arrest; The multi-functional breast board heating of balcony; The generating of exterior-wall heat insulation thermal-arrest; The generating of roof insulation thermal-arrest; The solar-heating refrigeration and heating; The intelligent building automated system; The quality air purification; Rain water on roof reclaims; The water Waste Heat Recovery is utilized in the shower cubicle washroom; The waste heat recovery of heat pump air conditioner central air-conditioning; Air can; The integrated Sustainable Building that the renewable energy resource such as source, ground ability combine.
  3. 3. can wind energy renewable energy resource Sustainable Building integral system building construction types be divided into steel work, lightweight steel construction, steel-concrete structure, steel-composite structure, reinforced concrete structure, composite structure etc. according to the said space of claim l, side fascia is provided with two-layer insulation layer, just has the sandwich thermal insulated layer of one deck during prefabrication own; On-the-spot install the back indoor establish the secondary fireproof thermal-insulation layer again after installation panel, the equal prefabrication of all ancillary facility pipelines settles at one go, multifuctional solar photovoltaic and photothermal module is installed at the position of the outer facade duration of sunshine of side fascia more than 4 hours; It is whole architectural power supply, heating, refrigeration and domestic hot-water with adding hot air that but power generation and heat collection produces hot water, adopts intelligence control system to be connected with the intelligent building automation control system, and electronics metering calorimeter amount is adopted in metering; Be connected with side fascia by cast-in fixing bolt; All be in place in factory, heat collecting module is completely spread by many groups, is controlled by intelligence system; The automatic disconnection of can not working of single group does not influence whole system work; Can be under the situation of system's operate as normal, periodic inspection, periodic replacement; Exterior wall window top is provided with window sunshade multifunction solar energy heat collecting module; The personalizable design, decoration of exterior wall all is prefabricated in the factory, and outporch is installed balcony fence multifunctional solar energy heat collecting module, the decoration of exterior wall prefabrication settles at one go well.
  4. 4. but can impinge upon position more than 4 hours wind energy renewable energy resource Sustainable Building integral system factory normalization fabricated roofing plate day according to the said space of claim l is provided with multifuctional solar photovoltaic and photothermal module power generation and heat collection to produce hot water is that whole architectural power supply, heating, refrigeration adopt intelligence control system to be connected with the intelligent building automation control system with the domestic hot-water with adding hot air; Electronics metering calorimeter amount is adopted in metering; The multi-functional plastic-steel window of four-layer glass is set on the side fascia establishes two-layer vacuum heat-insulating layer; The outdoor air heat layer of establishing; Pre-buried copper pipe in zone of heating; Can heat water and air; It is that air conditioner refrigerating lightens the load but also played the effect that absorbs sunshine and utilized the copper pipe thermal-arrest to produce hot water and add hot air that effect that window sunshade multifunction solar energy heat collecting module not only reached sunshade is established on window top, utilizes winter the air of heating to reach effect in energy saving and environmental protection through air conditioner with blower and coiled tube and floor heating pipeline for indoor heating.
  5. 5. be arranged at roofing according to the said space ability of claim l wind energy renewable energy resource Sustainable Building integral system wind energy and be used for generating; Under the situation of conditions permit, can the wall-hanging wind energy engine of novel external wall be set as generating at external wall elevation; Electrical power storage is user's power supply, roof and the outdoor Solar lamp LED light source for illuminating that is provided with through the property switchbox in electric storage means.
  6. 6. can rainwater recovery pond, rainwater purification pond be set wind energy renewable energy resource Sustainable Building integral system roof truss dead level according to the said space of claim l; The roof solar heat collecting module is provided with access path on request; The vacancy, roof is provided with the rainwater pouring that the greenbelt utilization is collected, and indoorly by function of use the internal partition wall material is set and can be steel work, lightweight steel construction, steel-concrete structure, lightweight aggregate reinforced concrete structure, reinforced concrete structure, composite structure etc.
  7. 7. can whole kitchen be set wind energy renewable energy resource Sustainable Building integral system according to the said space of claim l; Monolithic shower cubicle, the making of whole washroom employing waterproofing materials are set; The shower cubicle underground is provided with used heat use device and middle apparatus for recovering; Novel air purifier, novel air purification fan coil air-conditioner are set for the user provides the quality air, floor heating device are set utilize the hot water of solar energy accumulation device generation to heat for the user, light fixture adopts the LED lamp; The bathroom ware vacuum technology; Outdoor rainwater recovery pond, rainwater purification pond, middle water recovery pond, middle water purifying tank, sewage recovery pond, the sewage purifier of being provided with, all members of Sustainable Building all by building design in 70 years application life, can reuse.
  8. 8. the hot water that produces according to the multi-functional accumulator storage of the said space ability of claim l wind energy renewable energy resource Sustainable Building integral system solar energy heat collecting module utilizes the mode stored hot waters to heat such as photoelectricity, wind-powered electricity generation, biogas, biodiesel, biological alcohol oil, direct current, natural gas, combustion gas through assisted heating device; The source, ground can store underground well water by holder, supplies floor heating pipeline, heat pump air conditioner.
  9. 9. can wind energy renewable energy resource Sustainable Building integral system hot water storage that multifuctional solar photovoltaic and photothermal module produces be set in multi-functional accumulator according to the said space of claim l at roofing and wall face; The water that does not have the solar time to utilize air can heat in the accumulator is user's heat supply; Hot water in the accumulator provides the heat pump air conditioner central air-conditioning required heat energy through assisted heating device; Be user heating, refrigeration the whole year; The hot air that solar energy heat collecting module produces heats to the user through novel air purification fan coil air-conditioner winter; The solar wind-energy electricity can be stored in the electric storage means to all pipelines of entire building electric power system, energy storage system all are provided with and add thick insulation layer outsourcing topping, and system's operation is all adopted full intelligent automatic control system to be connected the full intelligent automatic control of implementation with Sustainable Building integrated system center and need not the special messenger and operate.
  10. 10. according to the said space ability of claim l wind energy renewable energy resource Sustainable Building integral system; Shower cubicle used heat utilizes with middle water and reclaims, and shower cubicle, washroom adopt waterproofing materials to make, and reserve the space of 600-1000 at the shower cubicle underground; The heat collection water tank that adopts Heat Conduction Material to make is set; Shower cubicle ground be movable ground just with maintenance, utilize electromagnetic valve and automatic control system that underground cold waste water is put only before the bathing, the spent hot water flow to around the heat collection water tank during bathing; Cold water in the heating heat collection water tank; When reaching design temperature through temperature inductor and electromagnetic valve, circulation pump, automatic control system with delivery to accumulator, by the recycle of solar energy reheat, heating bath be provided with overflow pipe when water completely the time by middle water recovery channel; Be recycled to water recovery pond in the ground, can utilize circulation pump flushing sanitary equipment during level in the heating bath.
CN2012101144078A 2012-04-18 2012-04-18 Solar and wind energy renewable energy source sustainable building integrated system Pending CN102644387A (en)

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CN102995808A (en) * 2012-10-31 2013-03-27 张美玲 Funnel-shaped building capable of generating electricity by using solar energy and hydraulic energy
CN104420678A (en) * 2013-08-28 2015-03-18 王建山 Three-dimensional disc lane parking shunt and integrated system
CN107587667A (en) * 2017-10-13 2018-01-16 天津津贝尔建筑工程试验检测技术有限公司 A kind of multifunction energy-saving roof structure
CN108166778A (en) * 2017-12-27 2018-06-15 宁波杨古诚文化传播有限公司 A kind of new energy house and its application method
CN109812052A (en) * 2019-02-01 2019-05-28 周斌 A kind of innovation of the six directions one green building technique integration system
CN110307612A (en) * 2019-06-19 2019-10-08 西安交通大学 A kind of synthesis energy supplying system and energy supply method for agricultural greenhouse
CN111788961A (en) * 2020-06-12 2020-10-20 周友金 Outdoor flower and plant planting box based on sponge city idea
WO2021089027A1 (en) * 2019-11-08 2021-05-14 淄博环能海臣环保技术服务有限公司 Photovoltaic concrete precast panel having built-in energy storage tubes and thermal and acoustic insulation material core layer
CN113944351A (en) * 2021-09-30 2022-01-18 苏州邦得建筑科技有限责任公司 Low-energy-consumption health medical building
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Cited By (11)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102995808A (en) * 2012-10-31 2013-03-27 张美玲 Funnel-shaped building capable of generating electricity by using solar energy and hydraulic energy
CN104420678A (en) * 2013-08-28 2015-03-18 王建山 Three-dimensional disc lane parking shunt and integrated system
CN107587667A (en) * 2017-10-13 2018-01-16 天津津贝尔建筑工程试验检测技术有限公司 A kind of multifunction energy-saving roof structure
CN108166778A (en) * 2017-12-27 2018-06-15 宁波杨古诚文化传播有限公司 A kind of new energy house and its application method
CN109812052A (en) * 2019-02-01 2019-05-28 周斌 A kind of innovation of the six directions one green building technique integration system
CN110307612A (en) * 2019-06-19 2019-10-08 西安交通大学 A kind of synthesis energy supplying system and energy supply method for agricultural greenhouse
WO2021089027A1 (en) * 2019-11-08 2021-05-14 淄博环能海臣环保技术服务有限公司 Photovoltaic concrete precast panel having built-in energy storage tubes and thermal and acoustic insulation material core layer
CN111788961A (en) * 2020-06-12 2020-10-20 周友金 Outdoor flower and plant planting box based on sponge city idea
CN111788961B (en) * 2020-06-12 2022-07-19 广东绿森园林建设有限公司 Outdoor flower and plant planting box based on sponge city idea
CN113944351A (en) * 2021-09-30 2022-01-18 苏州邦得建筑科技有限责任公司 Low-energy-consumption health medical building
CN113970143A (en) * 2021-11-29 2022-01-25 山东希格斯新能源有限责任公司 Multi-energy-source combined energy storage power station

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