CN214282027U - Alfalfa planting equipment for soil improvement - Google Patents

Alfalfa planting equipment for soil improvement Download PDF

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Publication number
CN214282027U
CN214282027U CN202022777100.9U CN202022777100U CN214282027U CN 214282027 U CN214282027 U CN 214282027U CN 202022777100 U CN202022777100 U CN 202022777100U CN 214282027 U CN214282027 U CN 214282027U
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vehicle body
wheel
discharging
hinged
rotary
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CN202022777100.9U
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Chinese (zh)
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蔡旭阳
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Kunming Tusen Agricultural Comprehensive Development Co ltd
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Kunming Tusen Agricultural Comprehensive Development Co ltd
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Abstract

The utility model discloses a be used for soil improvement alfalfa grass to plant equipment, which comprises a carriage body, bottom of the vehicle body is equipped with four drive wheels, lower part sets gradually fertilizer injection unit, rotary cultivator attachment, harrow ground device, seeder and suppression device backward in the past in the automobile body, fertilizer injection unit includes the fertilizer storehouse, fertilizer storehouse lower extreme is equipped with independent a plurality of unloading pipe side by side, rotary cultivator attachment includes gear box and the rotary blade who connects the gear box, harrow ground device includes two rows of arable land rake teeth, seeder is including being used for the seed hopper, seed hopper lower part both sides inner wall is equipped with the arc concave block, be equipped with matched with rotation unloading wheel between the arc concave block, suppression device includes the suppression roller. The utility model overcomes prior art shortcoming, rational in infrastructure, integration equipment fertilizies, rotary tillage, harrows, sows etc. and the structure is complete easily to be operated, plants efficiently.

Description

Alfalfa planting equipment for soil improvement
Technical Field
The utility model relates to a planting machinery technical field specifically indicates a be used for soil improvement alfalfa grass to plant equipment.
Background
The alfalfa can grow well in desertification areas, has the function of improving the comprehensive fertility and the ecological function of sandy soil, can provide excellent forage grass for animal husbandry production by planting alfalfa, solves the problem of lack of breeding industry raw materials and grassland resources, is favorable for the development of animal husbandry, and is an ecological recovery mode of a road for walking in desertification areas and raising fields.
In the prior art, alfalfa grass is planted on the land needing soil improvement, cultivated land planting and the like are carried out manually, or planting is finished by corresponding mechanical equipment without special integrated equipment, so improvement is urgently needed.
SUMMERY OF THE UTILITY MODEL
The to-be-solved technical problem of the utility model is to overcome prior art shortcoming, provide one kind and be used for soil improvement alfalfa grass planting equipment, rational in infrastructure, integration equipment, fertilization, rotary tillage, harrow ground, seeding etc. the complete easy operation of structure, it is efficient to plant.
In order to solve the technical problem, the utility model provides a technical scheme does: a planting device for soil improvement alfalfa, comprising a vehicle body, wherein four driving wheels are arranged at the bottom of the vehicle body, a fertilizing device, a rotary tillage device, a harrowing device, a seeding device and a pressing device are sequentially arranged at the front and back of the lower part in the vehicle body, the fertilizing device comprises a fertilizer bin, a plurality of independent and side-by-side discharging pipes are arranged at the lower end of the fertilizer bin, a baffle plate is hinged below the discharging pipes, the baffle plate is hinged with a vehicle body at the middle position of the vertical section of the baffle plate, a torsion spring is arranged at the hinged position, one end of the baffle plate is used for shielding the opening of the discharging pipes, a rotating cam is arranged below the other end of the baffle plate, the rotary tillage device comprises a gear box and a rotary tillage knife connected with the gear box, the gear box is fixed at the lower part of a supporting frame, the bottom of the vehicle body at one end of the supporting frame is hinged with the piston rod end of a telescopic cylinder at the other end of the telescopic cylinder is hinged with the bottom of the vehicle body, the harrowing device comprises two rows of tillage rake teeth, the upper end of the tillage rake teeth is provided with a H-shaped telescopic rod running through the bottom of the vehicle body, a buffer spring is sleeved on the H-shaped telescopic rod, the buffer spring is arranged between a vehicle body bottom plate and a lug at the lower end of the H-shaped telescopic rod, the seeding device comprises a seed hopper, inner walls on two sides of the lower part of the seed hopper are provided with arc-shaped concave blocks, matched rotating discharging wheels are arranged between the arc-shaped concave blocks and comprise four distributing plates which are uniformly arranged along the circumferential direction of the discharging wheels, a plurality of independent and side-by-side discharging pipes are connected below the rotating discharging wheels, each pressing device comprises a pressing roller, a plurality of rings of hobbing teeth are uniformly arranged on the pressing roller along the length direction of the pressing roller, and the upper part of the vehicle body is provided with a cockpit.
Furthermore, the rotating cam is coaxially connected with a first belt wheel, the first belt wheel is in transmission connection with a second belt wheel which is coaxially connected with the driving wheel on the front side through a belt, and the function of fertilizing in advancing is realized by adjusting the size of the first belt wheel and the fertilizing speed.
Furthermore, the support frame expansion end just is located the rotary blade rear side and is equipped with the fender, prevents to plough soil and scatters.
Furthermore, the distance between the feed inlet and the discharge outlet between the upper end and the lower end of the arc-shaped concave blocks on the two sides is the same as the opening distance between two adjacent material distributing plates of the rotary discharging wheel, so that the stability of feeding and discharging amount is ensured.
Furthermore, the rotary discharging wheel is coaxially connected with a third belt wheel, the third belt wheel is in transmission connection with a fourth belt wheel which is coaxially connected with a driving wheel at the rear side through a belt, and the seed discharging speed is adjusted by adjusting the size of the belt wheel, so that the function of discharging seeds in the process of advancing is realized.
Furthermore, limiting baffles are arranged on the front side and the rear side of the tillage rake teeth, so that the tillage rake teeth cannot deviate.
Compared with the prior art, the utility model the advantage lie in: the utility model discloses the fertilization that sets up, the rotary tillage, the harrowing, integral type devices such as seeding, the problem of having special device to plant alfalfa grass of present wood of having solved, because need plant on the soil of improvement, consequently, need fertilize earlier, the rotary tillage also need be some deeply as far as, for alfalfa grass plants and provides better environmental condition, double arable land rake teeth can be better with the harrow ploughing on ground, for seeding provides the condition, level and smooth at the suppression after the seeding, more be favorable to growing to sprout, whole structure integration, the function is various, the mutual cooperation, planting efficiency is high, suitable extensive use widely.
Drawings
Fig. 1 is a schematic structural diagram of the present invention.
As shown in the figure: 1. the rotary tillage machine comprises a vehicle body, 2, a driving wheel, 3, a fertilizer bin, 4, a discharging pipe, 5, a striker plate, 6, a rotating cam, 7, a rotary tillage cutter, 8, a supporting frame, 9, a telescopic cylinder, 10, tillage rake teeth, 11, an I-shaped telescopic rod, 12, a seed hopper, 13, an arc-shaped concave block, 14, a rotating discharging wheel, 15, a discharging pipe, 16, a pressing roller, 17, hobbing teeth, 18 and a mudguard.
Detailed Description
In the description of the present invention, it is to be understood that the terms "center", "lateral", "up", "down", "left", "right", "vertical", "horizontal", "top", "bottom", "inner", "outer", and the like indicate orientations or positional relationships based on those shown in the drawings, and are only for convenience of description and simplicity of description, and do not indicate or imply that the device or element being referred to must have a particular orientation, be constructed and operated in a particular orientation, and therefore, should not be construed as limiting the present invention. Furthermore, the terms "first", "second" and "first" are used for descriptive purposes only and are not to be construed as indicating or implying relative importance or implicitly indicating the number of technical features indicated. Thus, a feature defined as "first" or "second" may explicitly or implicitly include one or more of that feature. In the description of the present invention, "a plurality" means two or more unless otherwise specified. Furthermore, the term "comprises" and any variations thereof is intended to cover non-exclusive inclusions.
The present invention will be described in further detail with reference to the accompanying drawings.
When the utility model is implemented, the utility model relates to a planting device for soil improvement alfalfa, which comprises a vehicle body 1, the bottom of the vehicle body 1 is provided with four driving wheels 2, the lower part in the vehicle body 1 is provided with a fertilizing device, a rotary tillage device, a harrowing device, a seeding device and a pressing device in sequence from front to back, the fertilizing device comprises a fertilizer bin 3, the lower end of the fertilizer bin 3 is provided with a plurality of independent and side-by-side blanking pipes 4, a baffle plate 5 is hinged below the blanking pipes 4, the baffle plate 5 is hinged with the vehicle body 1 at the middle part of the vertical section, a torsion spring is arranged at the hinged part, one end of the baffle plate 5 is used for shielding the opening of the blanking pipes 4, a rotating cam 6 is arranged below the other end, the rotating cam 6 is coaxially connected with a belt wheel I, the belt wheel I is coaxially connected with a belt wheel II coaxially connected with the driving wheels 2 at the front side through a belt transmission, the rotary tillage device comprises a gear box and a rotary tillage knife 7 connected with the gear box, the gear box is fixed at the lower part of the support frame 8, one end of the support frame 8 is hinged with the bottom of the vehicle body 1, the movable end of the support frame 8 is provided with a mudguard 18 at the rear side of the rotary tillage cutter 7, the other end is hinged with the piston rod end of the telescopic cylinder 9, the other end of the telescopic cylinder 9 is hinged with the bottom of the vehicle body 1, the raking device comprises two rows of plowing rake teeth 10, limit baffles are arranged at the front side and the rear side of each plowing rake tooth 10, an I-shaped telescopic rod 11 penetrating through the bottom of the vehicle body 1 is arranged at the upper end of each plowing rake tooth 10, a buffer spring is sleeved on each I-shaped telescopic rod 11 and arranged between a bottom plate of the vehicle body 1 and a lug at the lower end of the I-shaped telescopic rod 11, the seeding device comprises a seed hopper 12, arc-shaped concave blocks 13 are arranged on the inner walls at the two sides of the lower part of the seed hopper 12, matched rotating discharging wheels 14 are arranged between the arc-shaped concave blocks 13, and comprise four distributing plates uniformly arranged along the circumferential direction of the rotating discharging wheels 14, both sides feed inlet distance between the arc concave block 13 upper end and the discharge gate distance between the lower extreme are the same with the opening distance between two adjacent minute flitchs of rotation unloading wheel 14, it is connected with independent a plurality of pipe 15 of planting next time to rotate unloading wheel 14 below, it has three band pulleys to rotate unloading wheel 14 coaxial coupling, three band pulleys are connected through belt transmission with 2 coaxial coupling's of the drive wheel of rear side four band pulleys, press device includes press roll 16, evenly be equipped with a plurality of rings of hobbing 17 on the press roll 16 along its length direction, 1 upper portion of automobile body is equipped with the cockpit.
The utility model discloses a theory of operation: during operation, control automobile body 1 through the cockpit advances, add fertilizer in fertilizer storehouse 3, hit striker plate 5 one end when rotating cam 6 and rotating, thereby realize that the whereabouts of fertilizer intermittent type is subaerial, adjust telescopic cylinder 9, thereby adjust the degree of depth that rotary blade 7 ploughed, and plough the ploughing to the ground of rotary tillage once through two rows of ploughing rake teeth 10 of rear side, then the seed of seed hopper 12 joining, rotate the even unloading in back through rotating unloading wheel 14, sow through seeding pipe 15, go on through compacting roller 16, play the effect on compaction road surface.
The present invention and the embodiments thereof have been described above, but the description is not limited thereto, and the embodiment shown in the drawings is only one of the embodiments of the present invention, and the actual structure is not limited thereto. In summary, those skilled in the art should understand that they should not be limited to the embodiments described above, and that they can design the similar structure and embodiments without departing from the spirit of the invention.

Claims (6)

1. The utility model provides a be used for soil improvement alfalfa grass to plant equipment, includes automobile body (1), its characterized in that: the automatic fertilizer distributor is characterized in that four driving wheels (2) are arranged at the bottom of the vehicle body (1), a fertilizer applying device, a rotary tillage device, a harrowing device, a seeding device and a pressing device are sequentially arranged at the inner lower part of the vehicle body (1) from front to back, the fertilizer applying device comprises a fertilizer bin (3), a plurality of independent and side-by-side discharging pipes (4) are arranged at the lower end of the fertilizer bin (3), a baffle plate (5) is hinged below the discharging pipes (4), the baffle plate (5) is hinged to the vehicle body (1) at the middle position of the vertical section of the baffle plate, a torsion spring is arranged at the hinged position, one end of the baffle plate (5) is used for shielding the opening of the discharging pipes (4), a rotating cam (6) is arranged below the other end of the baffle plate, the rotary tillage device comprises a gear box and a rotary tillage cutter (7) connected with the gear box, the gear box is fixed at the lower part of the support frame (8), one end of the support frame (8) is hinged to the bottom of the vehicle body (1), the other end is hinged with a piston rod end of a telescopic cylinder (9), the other end of the telescopic cylinder (9) is hinged with the bottom of a vehicle body (1), the harrowing device comprises two rows of tillage rake teeth (10), an I-shaped telescopic rod (11) penetrating through the bottom of the vehicle body (1) is arranged at the upper end of the tillage rake teeth (10), a buffer spring is sleeved on the I-shaped telescopic rod (11) and arranged between a bottom plate of the vehicle body (1) and a convex block at the lower end of the I-shaped telescopic rod (11), the seeding device comprises a seed hopper (12), arc-shaped concave blocks (13) are arranged on the inner walls of two sides of the lower part of the seed hopper (12), a rotating and discharging wheel (14) matched with each other is arranged between the arc-shaped concave blocks (13), the rotating and discharging wheel (14) comprises four material distributing plates uniformly arranged along the circumferential direction of the rotating and discharging wheel (14), a plurality of independent and side-by-side discharging pipes (15) are connected below the rotating and discharging wheel (14), the suppression device includes suppression roller (16), evenly be equipped with a plurality of rings of gear hobbing (17) on its length direction along on suppression roller (16), automobile body (1) upper portion is equipped with the cockpit.
2. The apparatus for growing soil improved alfalfa as claimed in claim 1, wherein: the rotating cam (6) is coaxially connected with a first belt wheel, and the first belt wheel is in transmission connection with a second belt wheel which is coaxially connected with the driving wheel (2) on the front side through a belt.
3. The apparatus for growing soil improved alfalfa as claimed in claim 1, wherein: a mud guard (18) is arranged at the movable end of the support frame (8) and at the rear side of the rotary tillage cutter (7).
4. The apparatus for growing soil improved alfalfa as claimed in claim 1, wherein: the distance between the feed inlets and the distance between the discharge outlets at the upper end and the lower end of the arc-shaped concave blocks (13) at the two sides are the same as the opening distance between two adjacent material distributing plates of the rotary discharging wheel (14).
5. The apparatus for growing soil improved alfalfa as claimed in claim 1, wherein: the rotary discharging wheel (14) is coaxially connected with a third belt wheel, and the third belt wheel is in transmission connection with a fourth belt wheel which is coaxially connected with the driving wheel (2) at the rear side through a belt.
6. The apparatus for growing soil improved alfalfa as claimed in claim 1, wherein: limiting baffles are arranged on the front side and the rear side of the tillage rake teeth (10).
CN202022777100.9U 2020-11-26 2020-11-26 Alfalfa planting equipment for soil improvement Active CN214282027U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202022777100.9U CN214282027U (en) 2020-11-26 2020-11-26 Alfalfa planting equipment for soil improvement

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202022777100.9U CN214282027U (en) 2020-11-26 2020-11-26 Alfalfa planting equipment for soil improvement

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN214282027U true CN214282027U (en) 2021-09-28

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Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN202022777100.9U Active CN214282027U (en) 2020-11-26 2020-11-26 Alfalfa planting equipment for soil improvement

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN114451107A (en) * 2022-01-12 2022-05-10 黑龙江省林业科学院伊春分院 Chinese-medicinal material is planted and is used seeder

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN114451107A (en) * 2022-01-12 2022-05-10 黑龙江省林业科学院伊春分院 Chinese-medicinal material is planted and is used seeder

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