CN212211940U - Water and fertilizer irrigation device for grape planting - Google Patents

Water and fertilizer irrigation device for grape planting Download PDF

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Publication number
CN212211940U
CN212211940U CN202020309311.7U CN202020309311U CN212211940U CN 212211940 U CN212211940 U CN 212211940U CN 202020309311 U CN202020309311 U CN 202020309311U CN 212211940 U CN212211940 U CN 212211940U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
irrigation
pipe
water
liquid
drip irrigation
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Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CN202020309311.7U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
曾玉华
张玲
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Hunan Lvyijia Agricultural Technology Development Co ltd
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Hunan Lvyijia Agricultural Technology Development Co ltd
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Priority to CN202020309311.7U priority Critical patent/CN212211940U/en
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A40/00Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production
    • Y02A40/10Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in agriculture
    • Y02A40/22Improving land use; Improving water use or availability; Controlling erosion

Abstract

The utility model discloses a water and fertilizer irrigation device for grape planting, which belongs to the field of agricultural irrigation and comprises an irrigation water tank, a booster pump, a pipe dropper and a spray head, wherein a filter screen is arranged in the irrigation water tank and divides the irrigation water tank into a liquid distribution tank and a liquid containing tank; the liquid distribution box is provided with a water inlet and a stirring device; the top of the liquid containing box is provided with a feed hopper which is connected with the liquid distribution box through a material conveying pipeline; the bottom of the liquid containing box is provided with a liquid outlet which is connected with a water delivery main pipe, and the water delivery main pipe is provided with a control main valve and a booster pump; the water delivery main pipe is connected with the sprinkling irrigation main pipe and the drip irrigation main pipe through a three-way pipe; the main sprinkling irrigation pipe is connected with a plurality of sprinkling irrigation branch pipes, and a plurality of spray heads are connected on the sprinkling irrigation branch pipes; the drip irrigation main pipe is connected with a plurality of drip irrigation branch pipes, and the drip irrigation branch pipes are connected with a plurality of drip irrigation pipe devices through pipelines. The utility model discloses be convenient for formulate and filter the fertilizer liquid, realize watering or fertilization integration, automation, improve fertilization and irrigation efficiency, reduce the labor cost of artifical liquid manure that fertilizies.

Description

Water and fertilizer irrigation device for grape planting
Technical Field
The utility model relates to an irrigation equipment, specifically speaking relate to a water and fertilizer irrigation equipment is planted to grape.
Background
The grape (Vitis vinifera L.) is a woody vine of Vitaceae, and has cylindrical small branch, longitudinal rib, no hair or sparse soft hair, oval leaf, dense or sparse panicle, developed base branch, spherical or elliptical fruit, flowering phase of 4-5 months, and fruit phase of 8-9 months. The grape has higher requirements on water and fertilizer, and the strict control of the water and fertilizer in the soil is a prerequisite for planting the grape. Therefore, besides disease and pest management and daily weeding management, another important link for planting the grapes is water and fertilizer application. The traditional ground irrigation has the problems of large water consumption, low efficiency, serious water resource waste and the like. And the tradition is artificially controlled, and the fertilization adopts manpower or machine to broadcast the operation, and irrigation and fertilization separately go on, and the operating time of irrigation and fertilization also relies on administrator's experience to adjust, and this kind of extensive formula liquid manure application mode has wasted a large amount of manpowers, time, money and energy to the water, fertile utilization ratio still is very low.
A water and fertilizer integrated precise irrigation and fertilization technology is a novel agricultural technology for performing precise irrigation and fertilization by integrating irrigation and fertilization. The technology is characterized in that by means of a pressure irrigation system, fertilizer liquid prepared by blending soluble solid fertilizer or liquid fertilizer and irrigation water are uniformly and accurately delivered to soil at the root of crops, the irrigation water quantity and the fertilization quantity are effectively controlled, the utilization efficiency of the water and the fertilizer is improved, and water and nutrients in the whole growth period can be quantitatively and regularly supplied in proportion according to the growth requirements of the crops. However, in the existing water and fertilizer integrated irrigation process, as most of the drip irrigation pipes are inserted into the ground, silt easily enters the drip irrigation pipes to cause blockage; and most adopt single blending tank, it is inconvenient to use, still need add the filter in order to filter the residue in the fertilizer liquid to the filter use still needs regularly to wash, troublesome poeration. Therefore, the water and fertilizer integrated irrigation equipment which is convenient to prepare and filter fertilizer liquid and efficient in work needs to be provided.
SUMMERY OF THE UTILITY MODEL
The to-be-solved technical problem of the utility model is to provide a conveniently prepare and filter fertile liquid, water and fertilizer irrigation equipment is planted to work efficient grape.
In order to solve the technical problem, the utility model discloses a technical scheme does: a water and fertilizer irrigation device for grape planting comprises an irrigation water tank, a booster pump, a pipe dropping device and a spray head, wherein a filter screen is arranged in the irrigation water tank, and the irrigation water tank is divided into a liquid distribution tank and a liquid containing tank by the filter screen; the liquid distribution box is provided with a water inlet and a stirring device; the top of the liquid containing box is provided with a feed hopper, and the feed hopper is connected with the liquid distribution box through a material conveying pipeline; a liquid outlet is formed in the bottom of the liquid containing box and connected with a water delivery main pipe, and a control main valve and a booster pump are arranged on the water delivery main pipe; the water delivery main pipe is connected with the sprinkling irrigation main pipe and the drip irrigation main pipe through a three-way pipe; the main sprinkling irrigation pipe is connected with a plurality of sprinkling irrigation branch pipes, and a plurality of spray heads are connected on the sprinkling irrigation branch pipes; the drip irrigation main pipe is connected with a plurality of drip irrigation branch pipes, and the drip irrigation branch pipes are connected with a plurality of drip irrigation pipe devices through pipelines.
Preferably, the drip dropper comprises an annular drip irrigation tube and a support sleeve; the annular drip irrigation pipe is provided with a plurality of drip irrigation pipe holes on the inner side, and a plurality of support sleeves are sleeved on the annular drip irrigation pipe.
Preferably, the stirring device comprises a stirring motor and a stirring shaft; the stirring motor is connected with the stirring shaft; the stirring shaft extends into the liquid distribution box; and the stirring shaft is provided with a plurality of stirring blades.
Preferably, the bottom surface of the liquid distribution box is slightly inclined downwards, and a slag discharge pipe is arranged at the lowest position of the bottom surface.
Preferably, the bottom of the liquid containing tank is conical.
Preferably, the sprinkling irrigation main pipe and the drip irrigation main pipe are respectively provided with a sub-control valve.
Compared with the prior art, the beneficial effects of the utility model are that: the irrigation water tank is internally provided with a filter screen which divides the irrigation water tank into a liquid distribution tank and a liquid containing tank; when irrigation water is needed to be independently irrigated, water is introduced from a water inlet of the liquid distribution box, impurities in the water can be effectively filtered by the water through the filter screen, the impurities in the water are prevented from entering an irrigation pipeline, and the risk of blocking the pipeline is avoided; when needs carry out the liquid manure that fertilizes, in getting into irrigation water tank with water through the water inlet in advance, put in a certain amount fertilizer according to the water yield, then start agitating unit with water and fertilizer stirring, make fertilizer dissolve in aqueous, finally insoluble impurity filters through the filter screen, reduces follow-up pipeline filter's installation and use, it is very convenient to use.
To sum up, the utility model discloses can filter the silt and the fertilizer middle part of irrigating water and dissolve in the impurity of water, cause the jam in avoiding its pipeline that gets into irrigation system, still do benefit to the discharge of insoluble substance, be convenient for prepare fertile liquid fast, realize watering and fertilize integration, automation, improve fertilization and irrigation efficiency, reduce the labor cost of artifical liquid manure that fertilizies.
Drawings
FIG. 1 is a schematic structural view of the water and fertilizer irrigation device for grape planting according to the present invention;
fig. 2 is a schematic structural diagram of a pipe dropper of the water and fertilizer irrigation device for grape planting according to the present invention.
Detailed Description
The following describes the present invention with reference to the accompanying drawings. It should be noted that the description of the embodiments is provided to help understanding of the present invention, but the present invention is not limited thereto. In addition, the technical features related to the embodiments of the present invention described below may be combined with each other as long as they do not conflict with each other.
As shown in fig. 1 and fig. 2, the water and fertilizer irrigation device for grape planting of the present invention is suitable for irrigation of grape plants in a grape orchard, and specifically comprises an irrigation water tank 1, a booster pump 2, a pipe dropping device 3 and a nozzle 4, wherein a filter screen 10 is arranged in the irrigation water tank 1, the filter screen 10 is a metal net for filtering residues, and the filter screen 10 divides the irrigation water tank 1 into a liquid distribution tank 11 and a liquid containing tank 12; the liquid distribution box 11 is provided with a water inlet 111 and a stirring device 5, and the stirring device 5 of the utility model comprises a stirring motor 51 and a stirring shaft 52; the stirring motor 51 is connected with the stirring shaft 52; the stirring shaft 52 extends into the liquid distribution box 11; the stirring shaft 52 is provided with a plurality of stirring blades 53, of course, the stirring device of the utility model is not only the structure, but also other stirring devices with stirring function can be applied to the utility model; the top of the liquid containing box 12 is provided with a feed hopper 6, and the feed hopper 6 is connected with the liquid distribution box 11 through a material conveying pipeline; a liquid outlet 13 is arranged at the bottom of the liquid containing box 12, the liquid outlet 13 is connected with the water delivery main pipe 7, and a control main valve 71 and a booster pump 2 are arranged on the water delivery main pipe 7; the water delivery main pipe 7 is connected with the sprinkling irrigation main pipe 8 and the drip irrigation main pipe 9 through a three-way pipe; the main sprinkling irrigation pipe 8 is connected with a plurality of sprinkling irrigation branch pipes 81, and a plurality of spray heads 4 are connected on the sprinkling irrigation branch pipes 81; the drip irrigation main pipe 9 is connected with a plurality of drip irrigation branch pipes 91, and the drip irrigation branch pipes 91 are connected with a plurality of drip droppers 3 through pipelines.
As shown in fig. 2, the drip irrigation pipe 3 of the present invention includes an annular drip irrigation pipe 31 and a support sleeve 32; the inner side of the annular drip irrigation pipe 31 is provided with a plurality of drip irrigation pipe holes 33, and the annular drip irrigation pipe 31 is sleeved with a plurality of support sleeves 32. When the drip irrigation device is used, the supporting sleeve 32 is sleeved on the annular drip irrigation pipe 31, and then the supporting sleeve 32 is inserted into the picture to be fixed, so that the whole annular drip irrigation pipe 31 is fixed by the supporting sleeve 32, and the inner side of the annular drip irrigation pipe 31 is provided with the plurality of drip irrigation pipe holes 33, so that the drip irrigation spraying area is wide, and the drip irrigation fertilizer liquid or water of grape plants is favorably realized.
In order to facilitate the removal of slag, the bottom surface of the liquid distribution box 11 is slightly inclined downwards, and a slag discharge pipe is arranged at the lowest position of the bottom surface, so that the slag deposited in the liquid distribution box 11 can be discharged along the bottom surface of the liquid distribution box 11 and finally removed from the slag discharge pipe. In order to facilitate the clean discharge of water or fertilizer liquid in the liquid containing box 12, the bottom of the liquid containing box 12 is conical.
In order to control the sprinkling irrigation or the drip irrigation, branch control valves are respectively arranged on the sprinkling irrigation main pipe 8 and the drip irrigation main pipe 9.
The utility model discloses specifically work as follows: when irrigation water is needed to be independently irrigated, water is introduced from a water inlet of the liquid distribution box, impurities in the water can be effectively filtered by the water through the filter screen, the impurities in the water are prevented from entering an irrigation pipeline, and the risk of blocking the pipeline is avoided; finally, water enters the water delivery main pipe from a liquid outlet at the bottom of the liquid containing box after being filtered by the filter screen, a control main valve and a booster pump on the water delivery main pipe are opened, and sprinkling irrigation or drip irrigation is selected according to requirements; when needs carry out the liquid manure that fertilizes, in getting into irrigation water tank with water through the water inlet in advance, put in a certain amount fertilizer according to the water yield, then start agitating unit with water and fertilizer stirring, make fertilizer dissolve in aqueous, the final insoluble impurity filters through the filter screen, refers to the mode of fertilizeing liquid of watering. To sum up, the utility model discloses can realize the work of automatic irrigation liquid manure, whole process is convenient for prepare fertile liquid and filter fertile liquid. The watering and fertilizing integration and automation are realized, the fertilizing and irrigating efficiency is improved, and the labor cost of manual fertilizing and watering is reduced.
Finally, it should be noted that the contents not described in detail in the specification belong to the prior art known to those skilled in the art, and those skilled in the art can implement the contents without creative efforts, so that the details are not described herein.
The embodiments of the present invention have been described in detail with reference to the accompanying drawings, but the present invention is not limited to the described embodiments. It will be apparent to those skilled in the art that various changes, modifications, substitutions and alterations can be made in the embodiments without departing from the principles and spirit of the invention, and the scope of the invention is to be accorded the full scope of the claims.

Claims (6)

1. A water and fertilizer irrigation device for grape planting comprises an irrigation water tank (1), a booster pump (2), a dropper (3) and a spray head (4), and is characterized in that a filter screen (10) is arranged in the irrigation water tank (1), and the irrigation water tank (1) is divided into a liquid distribution tank (11) and a liquid containing tank (12) by the filter screen (10); the liquid distribution box (11) is provided with a water inlet (111) and a stirring device (5); a feed hopper (6) is arranged at the top of the liquid containing box (12), and the feed hopper (6) is connected with the liquid distribution box (11) through a feed conveying pipeline; a liquid outlet (13) is formed in the bottom of the liquid containing box (12), the liquid outlet (13) is connected with a water delivery main pipe (7), and a control main valve (71) and a booster pump (2) are arranged on the water delivery main pipe (7); the water delivery main pipe (7) is connected with the sprinkling irrigation main pipe (8) and the drip irrigation main pipe (9) through a three-way pipe; the main sprinkling irrigation pipe (8) is connected with a plurality of sprinkling irrigation branch pipes (81), and a plurality of spray heads (4) are connected to the sprinkling irrigation branch pipes (81); drip irrigation and be responsible for (9) and connect many and drip irrigation and divide pipe (91), drip irrigation and divide pipe (91) to pass through a plurality of dropper ware (3) of pipe connection.
2. Water-fertilizer irrigation apparatus for grape cultivation according to claim 1, wherein the pipe dropper (3) comprises an annular drip irrigation pipe (31) and a support sleeve (32); the annular drip irrigation pipe (31) is provided with a plurality of drip irrigation pipe holes (33) on the inner side, and the annular drip irrigation pipe (31) is sleeved with a plurality of supporting sleeves (32).
3. The water and fertilizer irrigation device for grape cultivation as recited in claim 1, wherein the stirring device (5) comprises a stirring motor (51) and a stirring shaft (52); the stirring motor (51) is connected with a stirring shaft (52); the stirring shaft (52) extends into the liquid distribution box (11); the stirring shaft (52) is provided with a plurality of stirring blades (53).
4. The water and fertilizer irrigation device for grape cultivation as claimed in claim 1, wherein the bottom surface of the liquid distribution tank (11) is slightly inclined downwards, and a slag discharge pipe is arranged at the lowest position of the bottom surface.
5. Water and fertilizer irrigation device for grape planting according to claim 1, characterized in that the bottom of the liquid containing tank (12) is conical.
6. The water and fertilizer irrigation device for grape cultivation as claimed in claim 1, wherein the main sprinkling irrigation pipe (8) and the main dripping irrigation pipe (9) are respectively provided with a sub-control valve.
CN202020309311.7U 2020-03-13 2020-03-13 Water and fertilizer irrigation device for grape planting Expired - Fee Related CN212211940U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202020309311.7U CN212211940U (en) 2020-03-13 2020-03-13 Water and fertilizer irrigation device for grape planting

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202020309311.7U CN212211940U (en) 2020-03-13 2020-03-13 Water and fertilizer irrigation device for grape planting

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN212211940U true CN212211940U (en) 2020-12-25

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Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN202020309311.7U Expired - Fee Related CN212211940U (en) 2020-03-13 2020-03-13 Water and fertilizer irrigation device for grape planting

Country Status (1)

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CN (1) CN212211940U (en)

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN114982447A (en) * 2022-05-18 2022-09-02 中国农业科学院郑州果树研究所 Internet of things-based grape water and fertilizer integrated programmable control system and method

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN114982447A (en) * 2022-05-18 2022-09-02 中国农业科学院郑州果树研究所 Internet of things-based grape water and fertilizer integrated programmable control system and method

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Granted publication date: 20201225

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