CN214961073U - System for be used for strawberry to plant collection fertigation and spray insecticide - Google Patents

System for be used for strawberry to plant collection fertigation and spray insecticide Download PDF

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Publication number
CN214961073U
CN214961073U CN202120531232.5U CN202120531232U CN214961073U CN 214961073 U CN214961073 U CN 214961073U CN 202120531232 U CN202120531232 U CN 202120531232U CN 214961073 U CN214961073 U CN 214961073U
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water
blending
spraying
water delivery
strawberry
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CN202120531232.5U
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王兴旺
孙修东
王妍
袁少英
包斌
谭春茂
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Shanghai Vocational College Of Agriculture And Forestry
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Shanghai Vocational College Of Agriculture And Forestry
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A40/00Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production
    • Y02A40/10Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in agriculture
    • Y02A40/22Improving land use; Improving water use or availability; Controlling erosion

Abstract

The application relates to a system for strawberry planting, irrigation, fertilization and pesticide spraying, which comprises a water delivery device, a blending device and a spraying device, wherein the water delivery device can deliver water to the spraying device and the blending device; still including controller and humidity detection device, the controller with humidity detection device, water delivery device electricity are connected, and humidity detection device is located the planting district of strawberry plant, and humidity detection device detects the soil humidity that strawberry plant planted the district and crosses lowly to with signal transmission to controller, the controller calculates the required water yield that strawberry plant planted the district, and sends out signal of telecommunication to water delivery device, and water delivery device carries appropriate amount of water and evenly sprays on the strawberry plant through spray set. This application possesses irrigation, fertilization and the function of giving medicine to the poor free of charge, and saves water for the plant normal growth.

Description

System for be used for strawberry to plant collection fertigation and spray insecticide
Technical Field
The utility model belongs to the technical field of the technique of agricultural and specifically relates to a system that is used for strawberry to plant collection fertigation to spray insecticide.
Background
Strawberry, perennial herbaceous plant. The original products in south America, China and Europe are widely cultivated. The strawberry is known as 'fruit queen' due to high nutritive value, contains various nutritive substances, has unique taste and is deeply loved by consumers all the time.
In the cultivation of strawberries, sufficient moisture must be supplied to the strawberries to improve the yield and quality of the strawberries. Therefore, irrigation must be done manually to compensate for the deficiency of natural rainfall; and many times during irrigation, crops need to be fertilized. In addition, in order to prevent and treat plant diseases and insect pests, pesticides are sprayed.
In the irrigation and fertilization system for strawberry planting in the prior art, most of ground irrigation adopts irrigation to make water and fertilizer solution enter a crop root layer after fertilizer is spread, the mode cannot ensure the irrigation effect, has small promotion effect on the growth of crops, and is not beneficial to saving water and fertilizer; meanwhile, the pesticide is sprayed by other devices through manpower, so that the investment is increased, the labor intensity is high, time and labor are wasted, and the harm to the health of pesticide applying personnel is also brought.
SUMMERY OF THE UTILITY MODEL
The utility model provides a system for strawberry planting, irrigation, fertilization and pesticide spraying, which can simultaneously have the functions of irrigation, fertilization and pesticide application, and is beneficial to reducing the labor intensity of operators and improving the operation efficiency; meanwhile, the system saves water, fertilizer and pesticide.
In order to solve the technical problem, the utility model discloses a technical scheme does:
a system for irrigation, fertilization and pesticide spraying of strawberry planting is characterized by comprising a water delivery device, a blending device and a spraying device, wherein the water delivery device can deliver water to the spraying device and the blending device, the blending device is used for blending pesticide and fertilizer into a solution state, the blending device delivers the solution to the spraying device, and pipelines connected to the water delivery device and the blending device are connected with stop valves;
still including controller and humidity detection device, the controller with humidity detection device, water delivery device electricity are connected, humidity detection device is located the planting district of strawberry plant, humidity detection device detects the soil humidity that strawberry plant planted the district and crosses lowly, and with signal of telecommunication transmission extremely the controller, the controller calculates the required water yield that strawberry plant planted the district, and sends out the signal of telecommunication extremely water delivery device, water delivery device carries appropriate amount of water to pass through spray set evenly sprays on each strawberry plant.
Furthermore, the water delivery device comprises a rainwater supply assembly, a tap water supply assembly and an underground water supply assembly/river water supply assembly, and the water outlet ends of the rainwater supply assembly, the tap water supply assembly and the underground water supply assembly/river water supply assembly are communicated with the blending device and the spraying device.
Furthermore, rainwater supply assembly includes water collecting container, water delivery pump and filtering piece, water delivery pipe has been connect to water collecting container's bottom, filtering piece and water delivery pump are installed on the water delivery pipe, the water in the water collecting container is carried to water department through filtering piece, water delivery pump in proper order.
Further, the blending device comprises a blending container and a stirrer, the stirrer is installed at the top of the blending container, a feed inlet used for adding pesticides and fertilizers is formed in the top of the blending container, a liquid conveying pipe communicated with the spraying device is arranged at the bottom of the blending container, and a liquid discharging pipe is communicated with the bottom of the blending container.
Furthermore, a liquid level sensor electrically connected with the controller is arranged in the blending container, an alarm electrically connected with the controller is arranged on the outer wall of the blending container, and when the liquid level in the blending container is higher than the position of the liquid level sensor, the alarm gives out alarm sound.
Further, after the blending container completes blending of the pesticide, the water delivery device delivers water to clean the blending container, liquid after cleaning is discharged from the liquid discharge pipe, after the blending container completes blending of the fertilizer, the water delivery device delivers water to clean the blending container, and the liquid after cleaning is sprayed onto the strawberry plants from the spraying device.
Furthermore, the spraying device comprises a spraying main pipe, a spraying branch pipe and a spray head, the spraying main pipe is communicated with the water delivery device and the blending device, the spraying branch pipe is communicated with the spraying main pipe, and the spray head is uniformly arranged on the spraying branch pipe.
Furthermore, a water meter is arranged on the water delivery device and used for measuring the water quantity delivered to the spraying device by the water delivery device.
To sum up, the utility model discloses a following beneficial technological effect:
the utility model discloses preferentially use rainwater supply assembly irrigate, fertilize and spray the pesticide water with the rainwater as the strawberry to realize practicing thrift the water source, later supply assembly and groundwater supply assembly/river water supply assembly effect water source with the running water and use, pesticide and fertilizer are being blent the device and are being accomplished to blend the back, accomplish spraying to the strawberry plant through spray set. Through humidity detection device and controller, accomplish the ration water source irrigation to the strawberry plant, guarantee the growth of strawberry, realize the saving at water source simultaneously. Through this system, possess on the one hand and irrigate, fertilize and the function of giving medicine to poor free of charge in an organic whole, be favorable to practicing thrift the investment, improve the operating efficiency, can be with the help of this system with accurate the spraying of fertilizer and pesticide on the plant, realize the saving to liquid manure and pesticide, reduce operation personnel intensity of labour, can also effectively improve the operational environment, reduce the process of giving medicine to poor free of charge to operation personnel's health harm.
Drawings
Fig. 1 is a schematic structural diagram of the present invention;
fig. 2 is a control schematic diagram of the present invention.
Description of reference numerals: 1. a water delivery device; 11. a rainwater supply assembly; 111. a water collection container; 112. a water delivery pump; 113. a filter member; 12. a tap water co-supply component; 13. groundwater supply assembly/river supply assembly; 2. a blending device; 21. a blending container; 211. a feed inlet; 212. a liquid discharge pipe; 22. a stirrer; 3. a spraying device; 31. spraying a main pipe; 32. spraying branch pipes; 33. a spray head; 4. a stop valve; 5. a controller; 6. a humidity detection device; 7. a liquid level sensor; 8. an alarm; 9. a water meter.
Detailed Description
The following describes the present invention with reference to the accompanying drawings. It should be noted that the description of the embodiments is provided to help understanding of the present invention, but the present invention is not limited thereto. In addition, the technical features related to the embodiments of the present invention described below may be combined with each other as long as they do not conflict with each other.
As shown in fig. 1 and 2, a system for strawberry cultivation, collection, irrigation, fertilization and pesticide spraying comprises a water delivery device 1, a blending device 2, a spraying device 3, a controller 5 and a humidity detection device 6. Water delivery device 1 can carry water to spray set 3 and blending device 2, blending device 2 is used for blending pesticide and fertilizer become the solution state, blending device 2 carries solution to spray set 3, controller 5 and humidity detection device 6, water delivery device 1 electricity is connected, the soil humidity of 6 strawberry plant root systems department of humidity detection device, and pass through signal transmission to controller 5 with the data that detect, controller 5 calculates the required water yield in strawberry plant planting district, and send out the signal of telecommunication to water delivery device 1, water delivery device 1 carries appropriate amount water and evenly sprays on each strawberry plant through spray set 3.
Wherein, the pipeline that connects on water delivery device 1, the device 2 is concocted is connected with stop valve 4, and stop valve 4 is connected with controller 5 electricity, and stop valve 4 accessible manual work is opened and close the action.
In addition, the water meter 9 is connected to the water delivery device 1, the water meter 9 measures the water quantity delivered to the spraying device 3 by the water delivery device 1, and the arrangement of the water meter 9 ensures the irrigation water quantity sprayed on the strawberry plants.
Specifically, the water delivery device 1 includes a rainwater supply unit 11, a tap water supply unit, and a ground water supply unit/river water supply unit 13. The water outlet ends of the rainwater supply assembly 11, the tap water supply assembly and the underground water supply assembly/river water supply assembly 13 are communicated with the blending device 2 and the spraying device 3. In order to save water resources, it is preferable to supply water using the rainwater supply unit 11, and after the rainwater in the rainwater supply unit 11 is used up, the tap water supply unit and the ground water supply unit/river water supply unit 13 are selected. Generally, the groundwater/river supply module 13 is a nearby water source, has low cost, and is suitable for a standby water source; the cost of running water to the planting ground is higher, and the running water is used for the irrigation cost of strawberry higher, chooses for use when reserve water source is unavailable.
In order to facilitate the use of rainwater, the present application provides a specific scheme of a rainwater supply assembly 11, which includes a water collection container 111, a water delivery pump 112 and a filter element 113, wherein the bottom of the water collection container 111 is connected with a water delivery pipe, the filter element 113 and the water delivery pump 112 are installed on the water delivery pipe, and water in the water collection container 111 is delivered to a water using place through the filter element 113 and the water delivery pump 112 in sequence. Wherein, a meter is arranged in the water collecting container 111 and is used for measuring the water quantity in the water collecting container 111, when the water quantity in the water collecting container 111 is low, the rainwater supply component 11 is closed, and other standby water sources are started. In addition, the water collecting container 111 and the filtering member 113 need to be cleaned periodically to ensure the normal use of the rainwater supply unit 11.
In order to facilitate the blending of pesticides and fertilizers and ensure the quality of the blended solution, the application provides a blending device 2, which comprises a blending container 21 and a stirrer 22. The top of the blending container 21 is provided with a stirrer 22, the top of the blending container 21 is provided with a feed inlet 211 for adding pesticides and fertilizers, the bottom of the blending container 21 is provided with a liquid conveying pipe communicated with the spraying device 3, and the bottom of the blending container 21 is communicated with a liquid discharge pipe 212. Wherein, the stirrer 22 is an electric stirrer 22, and mainly uses a motor as a driving force, and in the using process, the stirrer 22 can start stirring in the feeding process and stop running after stirring for a certain time, or stop running after stirring until the liquid in the blending container 21 is discharged.
In addition, in order to facilitate the stable operation of the whole system and avoid excessive water supply from the water source to the blending container 21, a liquid level sensor 7 electrically connected with the controller 5 is arranged in the blending container 21, an alarm 8 electrically connected with the controller 5 is arranged on the outer wall of the blending container 21, and when the liquid level in the blending container 21 is higher than the position of the liquid level sensor 7, the alarm 8 gives an alarm sound.
In general, after the blending container 21 completes the blending of the solution and the discharge of the solution, the blending container 21 that has completed the discharge of the solution needs to be cleaned in order to avoid affecting the subsequent blending operation. After the blending container 21 finishes blending the pesticide, the water delivery device 1 delivers water to clean the blending container 21, and the liquid after cleaning is discharged from the liquid discharge pipe 212, so that the situation that the pesticide concentration is reduced and the insecticidal effect is reduced due to spraying on strawberry plants is avoided; after the blending container 21 completes blending of the fertilizer, the water conveying pipe conveys water to clean the blending container 21, and liquid after cleaning is sprayed to strawberry plants from the spraying device 3, so that the fertilizer is fully utilized, the fertilizer can be used for irrigation, and water resources are saved.
Further, spray set 3 is including spraying main pipe 31, spray branch 32 and shower nozzle 33, sprays main pipe 31 and water delivery device 1 and concocts the device 2 intercommunication, spray branch 32 with spray main pipe 31 intercommunication, shower nozzle 33 evenly installs on spray branch 32, concoct solution and water and enter into spray branch 32 through spraying main pipe 31 in, evenly spray the strawberry plant from shower nozzle 33 on, accomplish required irrigation, fertilization and the pesticide of spraying to the growth of strawberry plant.
At optional mobile terminal of this system and 5 communication connection of controller, mobile terminal chooses for use to be cell-phone or flat board, and the planting personnel of being convenient for easily carry, but then planting personnel remote control controller 5 irrigates the operation to the strawberry plant, need not run to planting the district.
The utility model discloses a working process:
the rainwater supply module 11 uses the collected rainwater for the strawberry during irrigation, fertilization and pesticide spraying, and after the rainwater is used up, the tap water co-supply module 12 and the underground water supply module/river water supply module 13 are used as water sources. This system is accomplished to the ration water source irrigation of strawberry plant, guarantees the growth of strawberry, realizes the saving at water source simultaneously. Possess irrigation, fertilization and the function of giving medicine to poor free of charge in an organic whole, be favorable to practicing thrift the investment, improve the operating efficiency, can realize the saving to liquid manure and pesticide with the help of this system accurate spraying on the plant, reduce operation personnel intensity of labour, can also effectively improve the operational environment, reduce the process of giving medicine to poor free of charge to operation personnel's health harm.
When need irrigate, humidity detection device 6 to the humidity of strawberry plant root system department, the water consumption when cooperation controller 5 calculates to need irrigate, and the water of water delivery device 1 output passes through the measurement of water gauge 9, discharges quantitative water and irrigates the strawberry plant. When fertilizer is needed to be applied, the blending device 2 is used for uniformly blending the fertilizer, and the blended fertilizer solution is uniformly sprayed on strawberry plants through the spraying device 3. When fertilizer is needed to be applied, the blending device 2 is used for uniformly blending the pesticide, and the blended pesticide solution is uniformly sprayed on strawberry plants through the spraying device 3.
After the blending device 2 is used each time, the blending container 21 in the blending device 2 needs to be cleaned, cleaning liquid in the blending container 21 after fertilizer is used is sprayed on strawberry plants through the spraying device 3, and cleaning liquid in the blending container 21 after pesticide is used is discharged through the liquid discharge pipe 212. When the blending device 2 is used, the liquid level in the blending container 21 is higher than the liquid level sensor 7, the alarm 8 gives an alarm, the water delivery device 1 is manually controlled to stop adding water into the blending container 21, and the liquid in the blending container 21 is automatically discharged until the operation position of the whole system is manually controlled within a certain time without manual operation.
The basic principles and the main features of the invention and the advantages of the invention have been shown and described above. It will be understood by those skilled in the art that the present invention is not limited to the above embodiments, and that the foregoing embodiments and descriptions are provided only to illustrate the principles of the present invention without departing from the spirit and scope of the present invention. The scope of the invention is defined by the appended claims and equivalents thereof.

Claims (8)

1. A system for strawberry planting, irrigation, fertilization and pesticide spraying is characterized by comprising a water delivery device (1), a blending device (2) and a spraying device (3), wherein the water delivery device (1) can deliver water to the spraying device (3) and the blending device (2), the blending device (2) is used for blending pesticides and fertilizers into a solution state, the blending device (2) delivers the solution to the spraying device (3), and a stop valve (4) is connected to a pipeline connected to the water delivery device (1) and the blending device (2);
still including controller (5) and humidity detection device (6), controller (5) with humidity detection device (6), water delivery device (1) electricity are connected, humidity detection device (6) are located the planting district of strawberry plant, humidity detection device (6) detect the soil humidity that strawberry plant planted the district and hang down excessively to with signal transmission extremely controller (5), controller (5) calculate the required water yield that strawberry plant planted the district, and send out signal of telecommunication extremely water delivery device (1), water delivery device (1) carries appropriate amount of water to pass through spray set (3) evenly sprays on each strawberry plant.
2. A system for strawberry cultivation, collection, fertigation and pesticide spraying according to claim 1, wherein the water delivery device (1) comprises a rainwater supply assembly (11), a tap water supply assembly and a groundwater supply assembly/river water supply assembly (13), the water outlet ends of the rainwater supply assembly (11), the tap water supply assembly and the groundwater supply assembly/river water supply assembly (13) are in communication with the blending device (2) and the spraying device (3).
3. A system for strawberry cultivation, collection, fertigation and pesticide spraying according to claim 2, wherein the rainwater supply assembly (11) comprises a water collection container (111), a water delivery pump (112) and a filter element (113), the water delivery pipe is connected to the bottom of the water collection container (111), the filter element (113) and the water delivery pump (112) are installed on the water delivery pipe, and the water in the water collection container (111) is delivered to a water using place through the filter element (113) and the water delivery pump (112) in sequence.
4. The system for strawberry planting, collection, fertigation and pesticide spraying according to claim 3, wherein the blending device (2) comprises a blending container (21) and a stirrer (22), the stirrer (22) is installed at the top of the blending container (21), a feed inlet (211) for adding pesticide and fertilizer is opened at the top of the blending container (21), a liquid conveying pipe communicated with the spraying device (3) is arranged at the bottom of the blending container (21), and a liquid discharging pipe (212) is communicated with the bottom of the blending container (21).
5. The system for strawberry cultivation, collection, fertigation and pesticide spraying according to claim 4, wherein a liquid level sensor (7) electrically connected with the controller (5) is arranged in the blending container (21), an alarm (8) electrically connected with the controller (5) is arranged on the outer wall of the blending container (21), and when the liquid level in the blending container (21) is higher than the position of the liquid level sensor (7), the alarm (8) gives an alarm.
6. The system for strawberry planting, collection, fertigation and pesticide spraying according to claim 4 or 5, wherein after the blending container (21) completes blending of pesticide, the water delivery device (1) delivers water to clean the blending container (21), the cleaned liquid is discharged from the liquid discharge pipe (212), after the blending container (21) completes blending of fertilizer, the water delivery pipe delivers water to clean the blending container (21), and the cleaned liquid is sprayed onto strawberry plants from the spraying device (3).
7. The system for strawberry cultivation, collection, fertigation and pesticide spraying according to claim 1, wherein the spraying device (3) comprises a main spraying pipe (31), branch spraying pipes (32) and spray heads (33), the main spraying pipe (31) is communicated with the water delivery device (1) and the blending device (2), the branch spraying pipes (32) are communicated with the main spraying pipe (31), and the spray heads (33) are uniformly installed on the branch spraying pipes (32).
8. The system for strawberry cultivation, collection, fertigation and pesticide spraying according to claim 1, wherein a water meter (9) is arranged on the water delivery device (1), and the water meter (9) measures the amount of water delivered by the water delivery device (1) to the spraying device (3).
CN202120531232.5U 2021-03-12 2021-03-12 System for be used for strawberry to plant collection fertigation and spray insecticide Active CN214961073U (en)

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CN202120531232.5U CN214961073U (en) 2021-03-12 2021-03-12 System for be used for strawberry to plant collection fertigation and spray insecticide

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202120531232.5U CN214961073U (en) 2021-03-12 2021-03-12 System for be used for strawberry to plant collection fertigation and spray insecticide

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN114946487A (en) * 2022-06-13 2022-08-30 建水县鹏帅种植有限公司 Citrus insect pest control method and device

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN114946487A (en) * 2022-06-13 2022-08-30 建水县鹏帅种植有限公司 Citrus insect pest control method and device

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