CN209921280U - Antiskid and anti-collision device for passenger car - Google Patents

Antiskid and anti-collision device for passenger car Download PDF

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Publication number
CN209921280U
CN209921280U CN201920538759.3U CN201920538759U CN209921280U CN 209921280 U CN209921280 U CN 209921280U CN 201920538759 U CN201920538759 U CN 201920538759U CN 209921280 U CN209921280 U CN 209921280U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
hydraulic pump
skid
main hydraulic
bracket
frame
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Expired - Fee Related
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CN201920538759.3U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
聂庆灿
赵伟强
宗长富
郑宏宇
陈国迎
何磊
凌锦鹏
丁显豪
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Jilin University
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Jilin University
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Priority to CN201920538759.3U priority Critical patent/CN209921280U/en
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Publication of CN209921280U publication Critical patent/CN209921280U/en
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Abstract

The utility model discloses a passenger train antiskid buffer stop, include: the bracket is detachably arranged below the axle; one end of the main hydraulic pump is rotatably supported at one end of the bracket; one end of the deflection support is rotatably supported at the other end of the main hydraulic pump; the anti-skidding auxiliary wheel, its rotatable support is in the support other end that bends partially, the utility model discloses having the anti-skidding auxiliary wheel, can assisting vehicle go on frozen pavement, increase vehicle adhesive force, having antiskid and anticollision effect, increased the resistance of traveling of passenger train, and this device with turn to and brake the cooperation and use, make the passenger train at the highway of going of safety and stability in winter anytime.

Description

Antiskid and anti-collision device for passenger car
Technical Field
The utility model relates to a vehicle initiative safety field, concretely relates to passenger train antiskid buffer stop.
Background
With the rapid development of economic society, automobiles are becoming more and more the main means of transportation for people going out. People can firstly select passenger car transportation means in consideration of time, economy and comfort when going out for a long distance. In winter, the temperature suddenly drops, the road surface is easy to freeze after raining or snowing, when the vehicle runs on a high-speed road surface, a driver is difficult to control the vehicle to safely and stably run, and the large passenger car with a large passenger capacity is extremely dangerous.
When the road surface is frozen, the conventional measures are to temporarily close the high-speed road section or install an anti-skid chain on the wheels, so that the safety of passengers is protected, and accidents are avoided. Closing the highway section consumes travel time of passengers and reduces the efficiency of the passenger car. The snow chain installation operation is complicated and the driver needs to prepare in advance, and once the snow chain is loosened and falls off, the snow chain installation operation is extremely dangerous. Therefore, the existing two modes cannot meet the requirements of modern society development and are not applicable.
SUMMERY OF THE UTILITY MODEL
The utility model relates to a developed a passenger train antiskid buffer stop, had anti-skidding auxiliary wheel, can the auxiliary vehicle go on frozen road surface, increased vehicle adhesive force, had antiskid and anticollision effect.
The utility model provides a technical scheme does:
a passenger car anti-skid and anti-collision device comprises:
the bracket is detachably arranged above the axle;
one end of the main hydraulic pump is rotatably supported at one end of the bracket;
one end of the deflection support is rotatably supported at the other end of the main hydraulic pump;
and the auxiliary wheel is rotatably supported at the other end of the deflection bracket.
Preferably, the deflection yoke comprises:
one end of the first right-angle support frame is rotatably supported at the other end of the support and is positioned on one side of the main hydraulic pump;
one end of the second right-angle supporting frame is hinged with the other end of the first right-angle supporting frame;
and one end of the third right-angle support frame is hinged with the other end of the second right-angle support frame.
Preferably, the method further comprises the following steps: and one end of the buffer damping spring is connected with the other end of the main hydraulic pump, and the other end of the buffer damping spring is connected with one end of the third right-angle support frame.
Preferably, the method further comprises the following steps: and the pushing frame is connected with the main hydraulic pump and can push the main hydraulic pump to rotate.
Preferably, the push frame includes:
one end of the first pushing frame is rotatably supported at the other end of the main hydraulic pump and is positioned at the other side of the main hydraulic pump;
and one end of the second pushing frame is rotatably supported at the other end of the bracket, and the other end of the second pushing frame is hinged with the first pushing frame.
Preferably, the method further comprises the following steps:
and one end of the auxiliary hydraulic pump is rotatably supported at the other end of the bracket, and the other end of the auxiliary hydraulic pump is rotatably connected with the other end of the second pushing frame and can push the second pushing frame to rotate.
Preferably, the hydraulic pump further comprises a connecting rod, one end of the connecting rod is rotatably connected with the other end of the auxiliary hydraulic pump, the other end of the connecting rod is rotatably connected with the other end of the second pushing frame, and the connecting rod can push the second pushing frame to rotate.
Preferably, the hydraulic pump further comprises a limiting spring, one end of the limiting spring is arranged at one end of the bracket, and the other end of the limiting spring can be supported on the main hydraulic pump.
Preferably, the auxiliary wheel tread is provided with anti-skid grooves and provided with screws.
Preferably, the secondary wheel is driven by an in-wheel motor.
Beneficial effects of the utility model
The utility model relates to a developed a passenger train antiskid buffer stop, had anti-skidding auxiliary wheel, can the auxiliary vehicle go on frozen pavement, increased vehicle adhesive force, had antiskid and anticollision effect, and this device uses with turning to and the braking cooperation, makes the passenger train go on the highway safely and steadily anytime winter.
This device adopts alternate screw mounting from top to bottom under the axle, guarantees that the support can not become flexible because of the long-time operation of vehicle, can guarantee the convenience of the maintenance dismantlement of structure for the welding mode.
The antiskid auxiliary wheel that this device provided has increased anti-skidding slot for ordinary wheel to inlay on the tread and have the screw, increase frictional force increases anti-skidding effect, has increased the resistance of traveling of passenger train.
Drawings
Figure 1 is passenger train antiskid buffer stop's structural schematic.
Fig. 2 is a schematic structural diagram of the bracket of the present invention.
Fig. 3 is a schematic structural view of the bending bracket of the present invention.
Fig. 4 is a schematic structural view of the pushing frame of the present invention.
Fig. 5 is the structural schematic diagram of the working state of the antiskid and anti-collision device of the passenger car.
Detailed Description
The present invention is further described in detail below with reference to the drawings so that those skilled in the art can implement the invention with reference to the description.
As shown in fig. 1, the utility model provides a passenger train antiskid buffer stop includes: bracket 110, main hydraulic pump 120, deflection bracket 130 and non-skid auxiliary wheel 140.
The support 110 is installed under the axle through screws arranged at intervals up and down, so that the support is prevented from loosening due to long-time running of a vehicle, convenience in maintenance and disassembly of the structure can be guaranteed in a welding mode, and the space between the vehicle chassis and the ground can be fully utilized due to the fact that the plane of the support 110 is parallel to the vehicle chassis.
As shown in fig. 2, the support 110 is composed of an outer frame 111 and an inner column 112, the outer frame 111 is an n-shaped support, the inner column 112 is supported in the outer frame 111, the support 110 is divided into two parts, the first part is used for placing a main structure of the anti-skid and anti-collision device, the second part is used for arranging the position of the wheel, the main structure and the wheel are separated, so that the condition that soil on the wheel enters the hydraulic pump to affect the normal operation of the device is avoided, and the reliability of the structure is ensured.
As shown in fig. 3, the cylindrical shaft 122 is fixed on the bracket 110, one end of the main hydraulic pump 120 is installed on the fixed shaft 122 by interference fit through a spherical bearing, and the other end is connected to the deflection bracket 130.
The deflection support 130 comprises a cylindrical pin 134, the cylindrical pin 134 is supported at the other end of the main hydraulic pump 120 and is located on one side of the main hydraulic pump 120, one end of a first right-angle support frame 143 is sleeved on the cylindrical pin 134, the other end of the first right-angle support frame 143 is connected with one end of a second right-angle support frame 144 through the cylindrical pin 143, and the other end of the second right-angle support frame 144 is connected with a third right-angle support frame 145 through the cylindrical pin 136. Preferably, all the cylindrical pins are provided with cylindrical grooves on both sides, and the translational motion between the components is limited by the clamping rings, so that the rotation between the components is allowed.
Preferably, a damping spring 152 is installed between the main hydraulic pump 120 and the cylindrical pin 136 for damping road surface unevenness and impact at the time of wheel recovery.
The anti-skid auxiliary wheel 140 is rotatably supported on the other end of the third right-angle supporting frame 145, anti-skid grooves are added on the anti-skid auxiliary wheel 140 relative to a common wheel, screws are embedded on the tread, and the tire material adopts a synthetic rubber tire with the friction coefficient reaching 0.8. The wheel hub motor M is installed in the wheel rim, and can generate electricity under the drive of the auxiliary wheel 140 during antiskid, and the wheel hub motor M drives the auxiliary wheel 140 to rotate clockwise during anticollision to increase the running resistance of the passenger car.
As shown in fig. 4, in another embodiment, a pushing frame 160 is further included, and the pushing frame 150 is connected to the main hydraulic pump 120 and can push the main hydraulic pump 120 to rotate. The push frame 160 includes: the fixed shaft 121 and the fixed shaft 123 are respectively arranged at the top and the bottom of the inner column 112, the first pushing frame 148 is sleeved on the fixed shaft 133, and the fixed shaft 133 is fixed at the other end of a main hydraulic pump and is positioned at the other side of the main hydraulic pump 120; one end of the second pushing frame 142 is sleeved on the fixed shaft 143, and the other end is hinged to the first pushing frame 148 through the cylindrical pin 132.
In another embodiment, the hydraulic pump further includes an auxiliary hydraulic pump 150, and one end of the auxiliary hydraulic pump 150 is sleeved on the fixed shaft 121, and the other end is sleeved on the cylindrical pin 132, so as to push the first pushing frame 148 and the second pushing frame 142 to rotate.
In another embodiment, a connecting rod 141 is disposed between the auxiliary hydraulic pump 150 and the cylindrical pin 132, one end of the connecting rod 141 is sleeved on the cylindrical pin 131 at the other end of the auxiliary hydraulic pump 150, and the other end is sleeved on the cylindrical pin 132, so as to push the first pushing frame 148 and the second pushing frame 142 to rotate.
In another embodiment, the hydraulic pump further comprises a limiting spring 103, one end of the limiting spring 103 is detachably fixed at one end of the bracket, and when the main hydraulic pump 120 rotates, the limiting spring 103 can support the main hydraulic pump 120 so as to prevent the main hydraulic pump from attaching to the bracket 110 and deflecting.
The implementation takes the working process of the antiskid and anticollision device of the passenger car as an example for further explanation
As shown in fig. 1, the bracket 110 is mounted right below the axle by screws spaced up and down, after mounting, the anti-skid and anti-collision device is in an initial state, the piston of the auxiliary hydraulic pump 150 is contracted, the auxiliary hydraulic pump 150 is in a horizontal state, the connecting rod 141 is pulled, so that the included angle between the first pushing frame 148 and the second pushing frame 142 is reduced, the main hydraulic pump 120 is lifted up to be in a horizontal state, and the anti-skid and anti-collision device 140 is in the bracket 110.
As shown in fig. 5, when the anti-skid and anti-collision device is started, the piston of the auxiliary hydraulic pump 150 extends out to push the connecting rod 141 to move downward, so that the included angle between the first pushing frame 148 and the second pushing frame 142 is increased, and further the main hydraulic pump 120 is pushed to deflect downward around the fixed shaft 122, the hub motor M can generate electricity under the driving of the auxiliary wheel 140 during anti-skid, the hub motor M drives the auxiliary wheel 140 to rotate clockwise to increase the running resistance of the passenger car during anti-skid, the anti-skid auxiliary wheel 140 assists the passenger car to run, the friction force is increased, and the anti-skid effect is increased.
The utility model relates to a developed a passenger train antiskid buffer stop, had anti-skidding auxiliary wheel, can the auxiliary vehicle go on frozen pavement, increased vehicle adhesive force, had antiskid and anticollision effect, and this device uses with turning to and the braking cooperation, makes the passenger train go on the highway safely and steadily anytime winter.
While the embodiments of the invention have been described above, it is not intended to be limited to the details shown, or described, but rather to cover all modifications, which would come within the scope of the appended claims, and all changes which come within the meaning and range of equivalency of the art are therefore intended to be embraced therein.

Claims (10)

1. The utility model provides a passenger train antiskid buffer stop which characterized in that includes:
the bracket is detachably arranged below the axle;
one end of the main hydraulic pump is rotatably supported at one end of the bracket;
one end of the deflection support is rotatably supported at the other end of the main hydraulic pump;
and the anti-skid auxiliary wheel is rotatably supported at the other end of the deflection bracket.
2. The passenger vehicle anti-skid and anti-collision device according to claim 1, wherein the deflection bracket comprises:
one end of the first right-angle support frame is rotatably supported at the other end of the support and is positioned on one side of the main hydraulic pump;
one end of the second right-angle supporting frame is hinged with the other end of the first right-angle supporting frame;
and one end of the third right-angle support frame is hinged with the other end of the second right-angle support frame.
3. The passenger car anti-skid and anti-collision device according to claim 2, further comprising: and one end of the buffer damping spring is connected with the other end of the main hydraulic pump, and the other end of the buffer damping spring is connected with one end of the third right-angle support frame.
4. A passenger car anti-skid and anti-collision device according to claim 1 or 2, further comprising: and the pushing frame is connected with the main hydraulic pump and can push the main hydraulic pump to rotate.
5. The passenger car anti-skid and anti-collision device according to claim 4, wherein the push frame comprises:
one end of the first pushing frame is rotatably supported at the other end of the main hydraulic pump and is positioned at the other side of the main hydraulic pump;
and one end of the second pushing frame is rotatably supported at the other end of the bracket, and the other end of the second pushing frame is hinged with the first pushing frame.
6. The passenger car anti-skid and anti-collision device according to claim 5, further comprising:
and one end of the auxiliary hydraulic pump is rotatably supported at the other end of the bracket, and the other end of the auxiliary hydraulic pump is rotatably connected with the other end of the second pushing frame and can push the second pushing frame to rotate.
7. The passenger car antiskid and collision avoidance apparatus according to claim 6, further comprising a connecting rod having one end rotatably connected to the other end of said sub hydraulic pump and the other end rotatably connected to the other end of a second pushing frame, capable of pushing said second pushing frame to rotate.
8. A passenger car skid and collision avoidance apparatus according to any one of claims 1 to 3 and 5 to 7, further comprising a limit spring having one end disposed at one end of said bracket and the other end capable of being supported on said main hydraulic pump.
9. The passenger car anti-skid and anti-collision device according to claim 8, wherein the anti-skid auxiliary wheel is provided with anti-skid grooves on the tread surface and provided with screws.
10. A passenger vehicle anti-skid and anti-collision device according to claim 9, wherein the secondary wheel is driven by a wheel hub motor.
CN201920538759.3U 2019-04-19 2019-04-19 Antiskid and anti-collision device for passenger car Expired - Fee Related CN209921280U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201920538759.3U CN209921280U (en) 2019-04-19 2019-04-19 Antiskid and anti-collision device for passenger car

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201920538759.3U CN209921280U (en) 2019-04-19 2019-04-19 Antiskid and anti-collision device for passenger car

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN209921280U true CN209921280U (en) 2020-01-10

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ID=69074196

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201920538759.3U Expired - Fee Related CN209921280U (en) 2019-04-19 2019-04-19 Antiskid and anti-collision device for passenger car

Country Status (1)

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN109878471A (en) * 2019-04-19 2019-06-14 吉林大学 A kind of anti-skidding anticollision device, collision-prevention device of car and its control method

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN109878471A (en) * 2019-04-19 2019-06-14 吉林大学 A kind of anti-skidding anticollision device, collision-prevention device of car and its control method
CN109878471B (en) * 2019-04-19 2024-03-29 吉林大学 Anti-skid collision-prevention device for passenger car and control method thereof

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CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20200110

Termination date: 20210419

CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee