CN206993659U - A kind of hand propelled automatic spacing mixed seeding device - Google Patents

A kind of hand propelled automatic spacing mixed seeding device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN206993659U
CN206993659U CN201720704234.3U CN201720704234U CN206993659U CN 206993659 U CN206993659 U CN 206993659U CN 201720704234 U CN201720704234 U CN 201720704234U CN 206993659 U CN206993659 U CN 206993659U
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China
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disk
water
wheel
fertilizer
connecting rod
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CN201720704234.3U
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Chinese (zh)
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于正河
石云鹏
张鸿宇
刘风仪
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Qingdao River Intellectual Property Ltd
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Qingdao River Intellectual Property Ltd
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Abstract

The utility model belongs to agricultural machinery manufacturing technology field, it is related to a kind of hand propelled automatic spacing mixed seeding device, its agent structure includes plants case, water tank, fertilizer box, big sprocket wheel, inside connecting rod, disk connecting rod, sleeve, front-wheel, base, minor sprocket fixed seat, front-wheel rotating shaft, driving-chain, outer sleeve, trench digging hoe, soil scrapper, big sprocket wheel support base, trailing wheel, regulating bolt, sowing opening, disk seeding apparatus, water-supply-pipe, fertilizer delivering pipe, water cell, the fertile unit of storage and kinds of bank deposits groove;Plants case is located on front side of the upper end of container connector, and pass through container connector and the disk opening in communication of disk housing, the water tank is located on rear side of the upper end of container connector the place that keeps left, and by container connector and the opening in communication of water cell upper end, the fertilizer box is located on rear side of the upper end of container connector the place that keeps right;Its agent structure is simple, and design concept is ingenious, simple to operate, and sowing effect is good, and practical, application environment is good, wide market.

Description

A kind of hand propelled automatic spacing mixed seeding device
Technical field:
The utility model belongs to agricultural machinery manufacturing technology field, is related to a kind of agricultural seeder machinery, particularly one Kind hand propelled automatic spacing mixed seeding device, compartment fertilising, watering and sowing knot for the hand steered state of splat Close.
Background technology:
Sowing is key operation link in agricultural production, it is necessary within shorter sowing farming season, required according to agricultural technology, Seed is multicast in field and gone, crop is obtained good development growth condition.The quality of seeding quality, work will be directly influenced The emergence of thing, seedling be complete and robust seedling, thus the influence to yield is very big.Because precise sowing can ensure that seed is most reasonable in field Distribution, application rate is accurate, and spacing in the rows is uniform, and seed level is consistent, creates optimum condition for growing for seed, can largely save kind Son, field thinning recruitment is reduced, ensure stable crop yield high yield.Therefore, modern agriculture to precise sowing machinery requirement increasingly Compel, China develops precise sowing machinery since the end of the eighties is just.Due to seed quality, site preparation condition, machine-building it is horizontal and The factors such as machine price restrict, and China mainly promotes semi-accuracy seeding the eighties, to adapt to the requirement of the rural area system of responsibility in production, The small-sized single body seeder of large-scale popularization, since the nineties, China progressively promotes precision drill, You10Duo Ge enterprises produce The precision drill of 20 Multiple Types.Precision drill is divided into corn with crop species and soybean precision drill, cereal are (small Wheat) precision drill, beet precision drill;With supporting power be divided into small-sized (5.8~13.2kw), it is medium-sized (16.2~ 36.8kw) and large-scale seeder (more than 40.4kw) precision drill;It is big to be divided into mechanical and Pneumatic type two in the form of feed mechanism for seed Class precision drill;Can be divided into again in mechanical Verticle disk formula, vertical indent type, cone disk type, line disc type, Horizontal disc, The band form precision drill such as clip, but above-mentioned is large area operation machinery, is sowed suitable for large area, and can only be Relatively regular landform carries out operation, is difficult to be applicable in the arable land for carrying out small area arable land or irregular terrain profiles, in the prior art, Application No. CN201520735376.7 Chinese patent discloses a kind of double case cellular-type hand-pushing seeders, its agent structure bag Include symmetrically arranged two plants cases, frame, front driving wheel, front-wheel baffle plate, pressure moisture in the soil wheel, plough, clean-up scraper, handle, planting case, Seed wheel, seeding wheel sprocket, driving chain and head sprocket, two plants cases are symmetricly set on the middle part of frame, front driving wheel and pressure Moisture in the soil wheel is separately positioned on the rear and front end of frame, and the front-wheel baffle plate being connected with frame is provided with above front driving wheel, and planting case is set Put below plants case, the middle part of the planting case be provided with a seed wheel being connected with seed wheel sprocket coaxiality, A planting mouth is additionally provided with below the planting case, can realize while sow two or more seeds, but the function And it is impracticable, seldom have while sow the demand of two kinds of crops, and the equipment can not apply fertilizer, it is necessary to after planting ditch in addition Fertilising.The Chinese patent of Application No. 201510720479.0 provides a kind of hand-pushing seeder, including body and support wheel, Support wheel is arranged on body lower end, and body front end is provided with head of getting into the cave, the cylinder of getting into the cave that head is set by upper end of getting into the cave drive into Row is got into the cave, and sowing pipe is provided with by the head of getting into the cave, and sowing pipe is connected with seed storage bucket.By getting into the cave, cylinder drives head of getting into the cave Got into the cave, and by sowing pipe to being sowed in hole, avoid manually digging a hole and sowing, improve the sowing to small-scale farmland Efficiency, and seed singulator is set, the seed amount in each hole is controlled, the hole of placement one is a variety of to cause seed to distribute Uneven, the invention can realize Precise sowing, but seed sowing is carried out by way of drilling to be caused to spend when getting into the cave It is time-consuming more, reduce sowing efficiency, while can not simultaneously fertilizing, watering, it is necessary to after planting fertilizing, watering again, overall work It is less efficient.Therefore, a kind of hand propelled automatic spacing mixed seeding device is designed, sowing, fertilising and watering can be realized simultaneously, And sow accurate, sowing efficiency high.
Utility model content:
The shortcomings that the purpose of this utility model is to overcome prior art to exist, it is automatic to seek a kind of hand propelled of design offer Mixed seeding device is spaced, can be watered or fertilising operation while sowing, and multiple kinds of crops kind can be applied to Son sowing, the spacing distance of sowing and the depth of sowing can be adjusted as needed.
To achieve these goals, the agent structure for the hand propelled automatic spacing mixed seeding device that the utility model is related to For:Handrail, disk housing, plants case, water tank, fertilizer box, container connector, big sprocket wheel, disk fixed seat, inside connecting rod, disk connecting rod, Sleeve, front-wheel, base, minor sprocket fixed seat, front-wheel rotating shaft, minor sprocket, driving-chain, outer sleeve, trench digging hoe, soil scrapper, big chain Take turns support base, trailing wheel, trailing wheel connecting rod, push rod, regulating bolt, sowing opening, disk seeding apparatus, water-supply-pipe, fertilizer delivering pipe, water storage list Member, storage fertile unit, water-delivery valve, defeated fertile valve, kinds of bank deposits groove and disk opening;The cylindrical handle and push rod of soft material clad type Upper end be symmetrically fixedly connected, the handrail is promoting seeding apparatus to retreat;The lower end of the push rod and trailing wheel connecting-rod bolts Structure is fixedly connected, to adjust push rod height;The trailing wheel connecting rod is separately fixed at the left end of base, the trailing wheel connecting rod branch Support formula is connected with trailing wheel, forms rotational structure;The trailing wheel is rubber Solid wheel structure, to be compacted the mud that trench digging has been uprooted Soil;The base is the day font frame structure being welded by the square hollow of stainless steel, this day font framework knot The base of structure includes front and rear three longitudinal rods between two transverse bars and two transverse bars, and the upper left-hand of the base is equipped with Disk housing, disk housing are fixedly connected with the disk fixed seat of the left and right sides respectively, and the disk fixed seat is tabular knot Structure, disk fixed seat are fixedly connected with the longitudinal rod bolt type on base, to realize the fixation of disk housing;The disk housing For front and rear double-decker, the downside front of disk housing is provided with sowing opening, and the upside front of disk housing is provided with disk and opened Mouthful, the front layer of disk housing is built-in with disk seeding apparatus, and the disk seeding apparatus is evenly distributed with four along outer edge Kinds of bank deposits groove, to store-grain seed, and the seed in kinds of bank deposits groove is delivered to by sowing opening by disk seeding apparatus rotary type Place, and trench digging is fallen to by sowing opening and uprooted in the ditch dug out to complete sowing;The sowing opening is located at the downside of disk housing Front;The disk enclosure interior middle is equipped with the interlayer of the sealing disk seeding apparatus is separated, after interlayer The side place of keeping right is equipped with the fertile unit of storage, and the fertilizer conveyed to interim storage by fertilizer box, the upper end for storing up fertile unit is equipped with to fertilizer The opening of entrance, the lower end for storing up fertile unit are connected with to discharge the fertilizer delivering pipe of fertilizer, and the fertilizer delivering pipe is the structure that is tilted to the left, To make fertilizer keep 5-10cm distances with seed, burn seedlings is prevented, the lower end of the fertilizer delivering pipe is beveling mouth structure, to prevent fertilizer Material blocks;The fertilizer delivering pipe is equipped with to control the defeated fertile valve of dose with storing up fertile unit junction;The fertile unit of storage Left side is equipped with the water source that water cell is conveyed to interim storage by water tank, and the upper end of water cell is equipped with what is entered to water source Opening, the lower end of water cell are connected with to discharge the water-supply-pipe of water, and the water-supply-pipe is disposed vertically, and the row of water-supply-pipe Moisture can be fed directly on seed and neighbouring soil, the water-supply-pipe and water storage by mouth of a river end close to sowing opening end 1-5cm The junction of unit is equipped with water-delivery valve, to control the size of carrying capacity according to different crops;The water cell and storage Fertile unit is inclined funnel-shaped structure wide at the top and narrow at the bottom from top to bottom, in order to water cell and stores up the material in fertile unit Fallen naturally by Action of Gravity Field;The upper end of the disk housing is equipped with container connector, and the upper end of container connector is put respectively There are plants case, water tank and the fertilizer box of square structure, the interval for preventing mixing and damping is equipped between the plants case, water tank and fertilizer box Plate, the plants case is located on front side of the upper end of container connector, and is connected by container connector with the disk opening of disk housing Logical, the upper end rear side that the water tank be located at container connector keeps left place, and opening by container connector and water cell upper end Mouth is connected, and water is delivered in water cell, the fertilizer box is located on rear side of the upper end of container connector the place that keeps right, and leads to Container connector is crossed with storing up the opening in communication of fertile unit upper end, fertilizer is delivered in the fertile unit of storage;The disk is broadcast Kind device is fixedly connected with the big sprocket wheel rotary type on front side of it, and big sprocket wheel is to drive disk seeding apparatus to rotate, the big chain The big sprocket wheel support base supported is equipped with the downside of wheel, the big sprocket wheel fixes the upper surface for being placed in transverse bar on front side of base; The big sprocket wheel is connected by driving-chain and minor sprocket, power is reached into big sprocket wheel, the minor sprocket by minor sprocket It is fixedly connected positioned at the front side of front-wheel and by front-wheel rotating shaft with front-wheel;It is equipped with to support between the minor sprocket and front-wheel small The minor sprocket fixed seat of sprocket wheel, the upside of the minor sprocket fixed seat and the front side transverse bar bolt connection of base, to fixation Minor sprocket fixed seat, the front-wheel include front and rear two rosettes placed, fixed between rosette by disk connecting rod Connection, the disk connecting rod is uniformly distributed in the circumference edge of rosette, described to be fixedly connected with two rosettes The sleeve of hollow cylinder is cased with disk connecting rod, the internal diameter of the sleeve is bigger 8-16mm than the diameter of disk connecting rod, the set For the length of cylinder than the short 4-8mm of disk connecting rod, sleeve can be around disk link rotatable, to make front-wheel muddy or other are severe Working environment under convenient move ahead;The trench digging hoe ditched, the trench digging are equipped with the downside of longitudinal rod among the base The upper end of hoe is fixedly connected with inside connecting rod, is cased with outer sleeve on the outside of the inside connecting rod, in the upper end and base of the outer sleeve Between the longitudinal rod of longitudinal rod be fixedly connected, and outer sleeve and the movable connection of inside connecting rod, inside connecting rod can exist as needed Moved up and down in outer sleeve, the depth of the liftoff spacing for hoe of being ditched with adjustment, further adjustment trench digging, to meet plantation not With the needs of crop;The place of keeping left is fixedly equipped with soil scrapper on the downside of the base, and the ditch hoe of ditching to be opened is filled and led up, described to scrape It is equipped with to adjust the regulating bolt of soil scrapper angle on earthenware.
The leading flank of disk housing described in the utility model is the demountable structure being bolted, to according to not With the size of seed, the disk seeding apparatus of different kinds of bank deposits groove sizes is changed, realizes that water, fertilizer and the seed mixing of a tractor serves several purposes are broadcast The function of kind.
Fertilizer delivering pipe described in the utility model is plastic hose, the angle of inclination of fertilizer delivering pipe can be freely adjusted, to root The angle of inclination of fertilizer delivering pipe is adjusted according to the distance of required fertilizer and seed, realizes that water, fertilizer and seed are sown into the spacer of underground From to ensure germination safety.
Big sprocket wheel described in the utility model and minor sprocket are Demountable, can be according to the distance of required sowing more The big sprocket wheel and minor sprocket of gearratio are answered in commutation, so as to implement the adjustment at sowing interval, with the sowing suitable for different plants.
The utility model realizes that the concrete technology of automatic spacing mixed seeding comprises the following steps:
(1) selection and regulation sowing parameter:
It is spaced according to the type and sowing of the crop seed of required sowing, selects the disk seeding apparatus of correspondingly-sized, will The leading flank of disk seeding apparatus from disk housing is put into disk housing, then by the rotating shaft being connected with disk housing fix into Enter in the hole among disk seeding apparatus, then the leading flank of disk housing is bolted;
(2) sowing interval is determined:
The sowing interval of sowing crop is first determined, the big sprocket wheel and chainlet of correspondingly-sized are then selected according to the distance of sowing Wheel, particular number relation are that the linear velocity V that minor sprocket rotates is equal to the linear velocity V that big sprocket wheel rotates, the angle speed that minor sprocket rotates The angular speed R that R is equal to front-drive is spent, the angular speed R that big sprocket wheel rotates is equal to the angular speed R that disk seeding apparatus rotates, false If a diameter of r of disk seeding apparatus, the radius of front-wheel is r, and the radius of minor sprocket is r, and the radius of big sprocket wheel is r, then sows Being spaced L is:
The radius of the front-wheel is fixed value, by adjust minor sprocket radius r and big sprocket wheel radius be r ratio come It is determined that the adjustment at sowing interval;
(3) adjustment sowing interval:
After mode according to step (2) calculates minor sprocket and the radius scale of big sprocket wheel, carried out according to the ratio small The replacing of sprocket wheel and big sprocket wheel, big sprocket wheel is first pulled down, then take turns in the past at rotating shaft and pull down minor sprocket, and carry out correspondingly-sized more Change, package driving-chain after replacing, and adjust the elasticity of driving-chain,
(4) ditching depth is adjusted:
The equipment is first run in the case where not containing seed, fertilizer and water, measurement trench digging hoe after a segment distance of ditching Hoe the fields depth, be adjusted further according to the depth of planting required for this kind of crop of sowing, adjust the upper of inside connecting rod in outer sleeve Lower distance, the ground clearance for hoe of being ditched with regulation, trench digging hoe is reached required depth of hoing the fields, finally inside connecting rod is consolidated It is fixed;
(5) material loads:
The total amount of seed, is weighed further according to total amount needed for the area and the range estimation of sowing first sowed required for Corresponding seed simultaneously loads in plants case, to prevent that directly excessive seed will be poured into plants case, is calculated successively further according to above-mentioned method Water and fertilizer amount corresponding to going out, and it is respectively charged into water tank and fertilizer box;
(6) seeding operation is carried out:
It is fixed by trailing wheel connecting rod after first adjusting push rod to suitable height, is adjusted further according to the distance of fertilizer and seed The angle of fertilizer delivering pipe is saved to correct position, then adjusts water-delivery valve and defeated fertile valve applies water and dose to adjust, has been adjusted Promote handrail to carry out sowing work after finishing, after seed, fertilizer and water are used up, first close water-delivery valve and defeated fertile valve, then mend Fill seed, fertilizer and water, after supplement, open water-delivery valve and defeated fertile valve continues to sow work, complete seeding operation Afterwards, equipment out of service, water and fertilizer are discharged and collected by water-delivery valve and defeated fertile valve, turn off water-delivery valve and Defeated fertile valve, then seed is taken out out of plants case, realize automatic spacing mixed seeding.
The utility model compared with prior art, collection hoe ditch, scraping, sowing, waters and topdresses one, main functionality is strong Greatly, it can be realized by the cooperation of big sprocket wheel and minor sprocket and freely adjust sowing interval, it is flexible and convenient to use, while can be free Regulation ditching depth disclosure satisfy that the demand of Different Crop, various sizes of disk seeding apparatus can be changed, to crops Species is applied widely, is equipped with the water-delivery valve that can control water delivery speed on water-supply-pipe and fertilizer delivering pipe respectively and can control defeated fertile speed Defeated fertile valve, it is flexible and convenient to use, be easy to regulation to apply water and dose, its agent structure is simple, and design concept is ingenious, behaviour Make it is simple and convenient, sowing effect it is good, practical, application environment is good, wide market.
Brief description of the drawings:
Fig. 1 is agent structure principle schematic of the present utility model.
Fig. 2 is the internal structure principle schematic on front side of the disk housing that the utility model is related to.
Fig. 3 is the internal structure principle schematic on rear side of the disk housing that the utility model is related to.
Embodiment:
The utility model is described in further detail by way of example and in conjunction with the accompanying drawings.
Embodiment 1:
The agent structure for the hand propelled automatic spacing mixed seeding device that the present embodiment is related to includes:Handrail 1, disk housing 2nd, plants case 3, water tank 4, fertilizer box 5, container connector 6, big sprocket wheel 7, disk fixed seat 8, inside connecting rod 9, disk connecting rod 10, sleeve 11st, front-wheel 12, base 13, minor sprocket fixed seat 14, front-wheel rotating shaft 15, minor sprocket 16, driving-chain 17, outer sleeve 18, trench digging hoe 19th, soil scrapper 20, big sprocket wheel support base 21, trailing wheel 22, trailing wheel connecting rod 23, push rod 24, regulating bolt 25, sowing opening 26, disk Seeding apparatus 27, water-supply-pipe 28, fertilizer delivering pipe 29, water cell 30, the fertile unit 31 of storage, water-delivery valve 32, defeated fertile valve 33, kinds of bank deposits Groove 34 and disk opening 35;The cylindrical handle 1 of soft material clad type is symmetrically fixedly connected with the upper end of push rod 24, the handrail 1 promoting seeding apparatus to retreat;The lower end of the push rod 24 is fixedly connected with the bolt arrangement of trailing wheel connecting rod 23, is pushed away to adjust The height of bar 24;The trailing wheel connecting rod 23 is separately fixed at the left end of base 13, and the brace type of trailing wheel connecting rod 23 connects with trailing wheel 22 Connect, form rotational structure;The trailing wheel 22 is rubber Solid wheel structure, to be compacted the soil that trench digging hoe 19 has been uprooted;It is described Base 13 is the day font frame structure being welded by the square hollow of stainless steel, the bottom of this day font frame structure Seat 13 includes front and rear three longitudinal rods between two transverse bars and two transverse bars, and the upper left-hand of the base 13 is equipped with circle Disk housing 2, disk housing 2 are fixedly connected with the disk fixed seat 8 of the left and right sides respectively, and the disk fixed seat 8 is tabular Structure, disk fixed seat 8 are fixedly connected with the longitudinal rod bolt type on base 13, to realize the fixation of disk housing 2;The circle Disk housing 2 is front and rear double-decker, and the downside front of disk housing 2 is provided with sowing opening 26, the upside front of disk housing 2 It is provided with disk opening 35, the front layer of disk housing 2 is built-in with disk seeding apparatus 27, and the disk seeding apparatus 27 is along outer edge Place is evenly distributed with four kinds of bank deposits grooves 34, to store 1-10 grain seeds, and by the rotary type of disk seeding apparatus 27 by kinds of bank deposits Seed in groove 34 is delivered at sowing opening 26, and is fallen to trench digging by sowing opening 26 and uprooted in 19 ditches dug out to complete to broadcast Kind;The sowing opening 26 is located at the downside front of disk housing 2;It is equipped with the bosom of disk housing 2 to circle The interlayer for the sealing that disk seeding apparatus 27 separates, the place of keeping right is equipped with the fertile unit 31 of storage on rear side of interlayer, to store by fertilizer temporarily The fertilizer that case 5 conveys, the upper end for storing up fertile unit 31 are equipped with the opening entered to fertilizer, and the lower end for storing up fertile unit 31 is connected with use To discharge the fertilizer delivering pipe 29 of fertilizer, the fertilizer delivering pipe 29 is the structure that is tilted to the left, to make fertilizer and seed keep 5-10cm away from From preventing burn seedlings, the lower end of the fertilizer delivering pipe 29 is beveling mouth structure, to prevent fertilizer from blocking;The fertilizer delivering pipe 29 and storage fertilizer The junction of unit 31 is equipped with to control the defeated fertile valve 33 of dose;The left side of the fertile unit 31 of storage is equipped with water cell 30 To store the water source conveyed by water tank 4 temporarily, the upper end of water cell 30 is equipped with the opening entered to water source, water cell 30 lower end is connected with to discharge the water-supply-pipe 28 of water, and the water-supply-pipe is disposed vertically, and the discharge outlet end of water-supply-pipe 28 Close to the end 1-5cm of sowing opening 26, moisture can be fed directly on seed and neighbouring soil, the water-supply-pipe 28 and water storage list The junction of member 30 is equipped with water-delivery valve 32, to control the size of carrying capacity according to different crops;The water cell 30 It is inclined funnel-shaped structure wide at the top and narrow at the bottom from top to bottom with fertile unit 31 is stored up, in order to water cell 30 and stores up fertile unit Material in 31 is fallen naturally by Action of Gravity Field;The upper end of the disk housing 2 is equipped with container connector 6, container connector 6 Upper end be equipped with plants case 3, water tank 4 and the fertilizer box 5 of square structure respectively, being equipped between the plants case 3, water tank 4 and fertilizer box 5 prevents The space bar of mixing and damping, the plants case 3 is located on front side of the upper end of container connector 6, and passes through container connector 6 and disk The disk opening 35 of housing 2 is connected, and the water tank 4 is located on rear side of the upper end of container connector 6 place that keeps left, and is connected by container Junctor 6 and the opening in communication of the upper end of water cell 30, water is delivered in water cell 30, the fertilizer box 5 is positioned at appearance Keep right place on rear side of the upper end of device connector 6, and by container connector 6 and the opening in communication of the fertile upper end of unit 31 of storage, to Fertilizer is delivered in the fertile unit 31 of storage;The disk seeding apparatus 27 is fixedly connected with the rotary type of big sprocket wheel 7 on front side of it, greatly For sprocket wheel 7 to drive disk seeding apparatus 27 to rotate, the downside of the big sprocket wheel 7 is equipped with the big sprocket wheel support base supported 21, the big sprocket wheel 7 fixes the upper surface for being placed in the front side transverse bar of base 13;The big sprocket wheel 7 passes through driving-chain 17 and chainlet The drive connection of wheel 16, power is reached into big sprocket wheel 7 by minor sprocket 16, the minor sprocket 16 is located at the front side of front-wheel 12 and led to Front-wheel rotating shaft 15 is crossed to be fixedly connected with front-wheel 12;It is equipped with to support the small of minor sprocket 16 between the minor sprocket 16 and front-wheel 12 Sprocket wheel fixed seat 14, the upside of the minor sprocket fixed seat 14 and the front side transverse bar bolt connection of base 13 are small to fixation Sprocket wheel fixed seat 14, the front-wheel 12 include front and rear two rosettes placed, pass through disk connecting rod 10 between rosette It is fixedly connected, the disk connecting rod 10 is uniformly distributed in the circumference edge of rosette, to be fixedly connected with two round metals Disk, is cased with the sleeve 11 of hollow cylinder on the disk connecting rod 10, the diameter of the internal diameter of the sleeve 11 than disk connecting rod 10 Big 8-16mm, than the short 4-8mm of disk connecting rod 10, sleeve 11 can rotate around disk connecting rod 10, use for the length of the sleeve 11 Moved ahead so that front-wheel 12 is convenient under muddy or other severe working environments;The lower side of longitudinal rod among the base 13 There is the trench digging hoe 19 ditched, the upper end of the trench digging hoe 19 is fixedly connected with inside connecting rod 9, the outer sheath of the inside connecting rod 9 There is an outer sleeve 18, the longitudinal rod of the longitudinal rod among the upper end of the outer sleeve 18 and base 13 is fixedly connected, and outer sleeve 18 can move up and down in outer sleeve 18 as needed with 9 movable connection of inside connecting rod, inside connecting rod 9, to adjust trench digging The depth of the liftoff spacing of hoe 19, further adjustment trench digging, to meet the needs of growing different crops;The downside of the base 13 The place of keeping left is fixedly equipped with soil scrapper 20, and the ditch hoe 19 of ditching to be opened is filled and led up, and is equipped with to adjust on the soil scrapper 20 and is scraped The regulating bolt 25 of the angle of earthenware 20.
The leading flank of disk housing 2 described in the present embodiment is the demountable structure being bolted, to according to not With the size of seed, the disk seeding apparatus 27 of the different sizes of kinds of bank deposits groove 34 is changed, realizes that the water, fertilizer and seed of a tractor serves several purposes mix Close the function of sowing.
Fertilizer delivering pipe 29 described in the present embodiment is plastic hose, can freely adjust the angle of inclination of fertilizer delivering pipe 29, to The angle of inclination of fertilizer delivering pipe 29 is adjusted according to the distance of required fertilizer and seed, realizes that water, fertilizer and seed are sown between underground Gauge is to ensure germination safety.
Big sprocket wheel 7 and minor sprocket 16 described in the present embodiment are Demountable, can be according to the distance of required sowing The big sprocket wheel 7 and minor sprocket 16 of corresponding gearratio are changed, so as to implement the adjustment at sowing interval, with broadcasting suitable for different plants Kind.
The present embodiment realizes that the concrete technology of automatic spacing mixed seeding comprises the following steps:
(1) selection and regulation sowing parameter:
It is spaced according to the type and sowing of the crop seed of required sowing, selects the disk seeding apparatus 27 of correspondingly-sized, The leading flank of disk seeding apparatus 27 from disk housing 2 is put into disk housing 2, then turned what is be connected with disk housing 2 Axle is secured into the hole among disk seeding apparatus 27, then the leading flank of disk housing 2 is bolted;
(2) sowing interval is determined:
The sowing interval of sowing crop is first determined, the big sprocket wheel 7 of correspondingly-sized and small is then selected according to the distance of sowing Sprocket wheel 16, particular number relation are the linear velocity V that minor sprocket 16 rotates1The linear velocity V rotated equal to big sprocket wheel 172, minor sprocket 16 The angular speed R of rotation1The angular speed R rotated equal to front-wheel 123, the angular speed R of the rotation of big sprocket wheel 172Equal to disk seeding apparatus The 27 angular speed R rotated4, it is assumed that a diameter of r of disk seeding apparatus 274, the radius of front-wheel 12 is r3, the radius of minor sprocket 16 For r1, the radius of big sprocket wheel 17 is r2, then sowing interval L is:
The radius of the front-wheel 12 is fixed value, by the radius r for adjusting minor sprocket 161Radius with big sprocket wheel 17 is r2 Ratio come determine sowing interval adjustment;
(3) adjustment sowing interval:
After mode according to step (2) calculates minor sprocket 16 and the radius scale of big sprocket wheel 17, entered according to the ratio The replacing of row minor sprocket 16 and big sprocket wheel 17, big sprocket wheel 17 is first pulled down, then take turns in the past at rotating shaft 15 and pull down minor sprocket 16, and carried out The replacing of correspondingly-sized, driving-chain 17 is packaged after replacing, and adjusts the elasticity of driving-chain 17,
(4) ditching depth is adjusted:
The equipment is first run in the case where not containing seed, fertilizer and water, measurement trench digging hoe 19 after a segment distance of ditching Depth of hoing the fields, further according to sowing this kind of crop required for depth of planting be adjusted, adjust outer sleeve 18 in inside connecting rod 9 Distance up and down, with the ground clearance of regulation trench digging hoe 19, trench digging hoe 19 is reached required depth of hoing the fields, finally to inside connecting rod 9 are fixed;
(5) material loads:
The total amount of seed, is weighed further according to total amount needed for the area and the range estimation of sowing first sowed required for Corresponding seed simultaneously loads in plants case 3, to prevent that directly excessive seed will be poured into plants case 3, is counted successively further according to above-mentioned method Water and fertilizer amount corresponding to calculating, and it is respectively charged into water tank 4 and fertilizer box 5;
(6) seeding operation is carried out:
Be fixed after first adjusting push rod 24 to suitable height by trailing wheel connecting rod 23, further according to fertilizer and seed away from From regulation fertilizer delivering pipe 29 angle to correct position, then adjust water-delivery valve 32 and defeated fertile valve 33 applies water and fertilising to adjust Amount, promote handrail 1 to carry out sowing work after regulation, after seed, fertilizer and water are used up, first close water-delivery valve 32 and defeated Fertile valve 33, is supplemented seed, fertilizer and water, after supplement, opens water-delivery valve 32 and defeated fertile valve 33 continues to sow work Make, after seeding operation is completed, the equipment out of service, discharged water and fertilizer simultaneously by water-delivery valve 32 and defeated fertile valve 33 Collect, turn off water-delivery valve 32 and defeated fertile valve 33, then seed is taken out out of plants case 3, realize automatic spacing mixed seeding.

Claims (4)

1. a kind of hand propelled automatic spacing mixed seeding device, it is characterised in that its agent structure agent structure is:Handrail, disk Housing, plants case, water tank, fertilizer box, container connector, big sprocket wheel, disk fixed seat, inside connecting rod, disk connecting rod, sleeve, front-wheel, bottom Seat, minor sprocket fixed seat, front-wheel rotating shaft, minor sprocket, driving-chain, outer sleeve, trench digging hoe, soil scrapper, big sprocket wheel support base, after Wheel, trailing wheel connecting rod, push rod, regulating bolt, sowing opening, disk seeding apparatus, water-supply-pipe, fertilizer delivering pipe, water cell, storage fertilizer are single Member, water-delivery valve, defeated fertile valve, kinds of bank deposits groove and disk opening;The cylindrical handle of soft material clad type and the upper end pair of push rod Title is fixedly connected, and the handrail is promoting seeding apparatus to retreat;The lower end of the push rod is fixed with trailing wheel connecting-rod bolts structure Connection, to adjust push rod height;The trailing wheel connecting rod is separately fixed at the left end of base, and the trailing wheel link supports formula is with after Wheel connection, forms rotational structure;The trailing wheel is rubber Solid wheel structure, to be compacted the soil that trench digging has been uprooted;The bottom Seat is the day font frame structure being welded by the square hollow of stainless steel, the base bag of this day font frame structure Three longitudinal rods between front and rear two transverse bars and two transverse bars are included, the upper left-hand of the base is equipped with disk housing, Disk housing is fixedly connected with the disk fixed seat of the left and right sides respectively, and the disk fixed seat is plate-like structure, and disk is solid Reservation is fixedly connected with the longitudinal rod bolt type on base, to realize the fixation of disk housing;The disk housing is front and rear double Rotating fields, the downside front of disk housing are provided with sowing opening, and the upside front of disk housing is provided with disk opening, disk shell The front layer of body is built-in with disk seeding apparatus, and the disk seeding apparatus is evenly distributed with four kinds of bank deposits grooves along outer edge, uses With storage-grain seed, and the seed in kinds of bank deposits groove is delivered at sowing opening by disk seeding apparatus rotary type, and by broadcasting Kind mouth is fallen in the ditch that trench digging hoe is dug out to complete sowing;The sowing opening is located at the downside front of disk housing;It is described Disk enclosure interior middle is equipped with the interlayer of the sealing disk seeding apparatus is separated, and the place of keeping right is equipped with rear side of interlayer Fertile unit is stored up, the fertilizer conveyed to interim storage by fertilizer box, the upper end for storing up fertile unit is equipped with the opening entered to fertilizer, storage The lower end of fertile unit is connected with to discharge the fertilizer delivering pipe of fertilizer, and the fertilizer delivering pipe is the structure that is tilted to the left, to make fertilizer with Seed keeps 5-10cm distances, prevents burn seedlings, the lower end of the fertilizer delivering pipe is beveling mouth structure, to prevent fertilizer from blocking;It is described Fertilizer delivering pipe is equipped with to control the defeated fertile valve of dose with storing up fertile unit junction;Water storage is equipped with the left of the fertile unit of storage The water source that unit is conveyed to interim storage by water tank, the upper end of water cell are equipped with the opening entered to water source, water storage list The lower end of member is connected with to discharge the water-supply-pipe of water, and the water-supply-pipe is disposed vertically, and the discharge outlet end of water-supply-pipe is close Sowing opening end 1-5cm, moisture can be fed directly on seed and neighbouring soil, the connection of the water-supply-pipe and water cell Place is equipped with water-delivery valve, to control the size of carrying capacity according to different crops;The water cell and the fertile unit of storage are Inclined funnel-shaped structure wide at the top and narrow at the bottom from top to bottom, in order to which the material in water cell and the fertile unit of storage is made by gravity With natural whereabouts;The upper end of the disk housing is equipped with container connector, and the upper end of container connector is equipped with square structure respectively Plants case, water tank and fertilizer box, being equipped between the plants case, water tank and fertilizer box prevents mixing and the space bar of damping, the plants case On front side of the upper end of container connector, and pass through container connector and the disk opening in communication of disk housing, the water tank Keep left place on rear side of the upper end of container connector, and by container connector and the opening in communication of water cell upper end, uses So that water is delivered in water cell, the fertilizer box is located on rear side of the upper end of container connector the place that keeps right, and is connected by container Body and the opening in communication for storing up fertile unit upper end, fertilizer is delivered in the fertile unit of storage;The disk seeding apparatus and its The big sprocket wheel rotary type of front side is fixedly connected, and big sprocket wheel is to drive disk seeding apparatus to rotate, the lower side of the big sprocket wheel There is the big sprocket wheel support base supported, the big sprocket wheel fixes the upper surface for being placed in transverse bar on front side of base;The big sprocket wheel It is connected by driving-chain and minor sprocket, power is reached into big sprocket wheel by minor sprocket, the minor sprocket is located at front-wheel Front side is simultaneously fixedly connected by front-wheel rotating shaft with front-wheel;It is equipped with to support the chainlet of minor sprocket between the minor sprocket and front-wheel Fixed seat, the upside of the minor sprocket fixed seat and the front side transverse bar bolt connection of base are taken turns, is fixed to fixed minor sprocket Seat, the front-wheel include front and rear two rosettes placed, are fixedly connected between rosette by disk connecting rod, the circle Disk connecting rod is uniformly distributed in the circumference edge of rosette, to be fixedly connected with two rosettes, on the disk connecting rod The sleeve of hollow cylinder is cased with, the internal diameter of the sleeve is bigger 8-16mm than the diameter of disk connecting rod, the length ratio of the sleeve The short 4-8mm of disk connecting rod, sleeve can be around disk link rotatables, to make front-wheel in muddy or other severe working environments Lower convenience moves ahead;The trench digging hoe for being equipped with to ditch on the downside of longitudinal rod among the base, the upper end of the trench digging hoe with Inside connecting rod is fixedly connected, and is cased with outer sleeve on the outside of the inside connecting rod, the longitudinal rod among the upper end of the outer sleeve and base Longitudinal rod be fixedly connected, and outer sleeve and the movable connection of inside connecting rod, inside connecting rod can enter in outer sleeve as needed Row moves up and down, the depth of the liftoff spacing for hoe of being ditched with adjustment, further adjustment trench digging, to meet the need of growing different crops Will;The place of keeping left is fixedly equipped with soil scrapper on the downside of the base, and the ditch hoe of ditching to be opened is filled and led up, and is equipped with the soil scrapper To adjust the regulating bolt of soil scrapper angle.
2. hand propelled automatic spacing mixed seeding device according to claim 1, it is characterised in that described disk housing Leading flank be the demountable structure being bolted, to the size according to different seeds, change different kinds of bank deposits groove sizes Disk seeding apparatus, realize the function of the water of a tractor serves several purposes, fertilizer and seed mixed seeding.
3. hand propelled automatic spacing mixed seeding device according to claim 1, it is characterised in that described fertilizer delivering pipe is Plastic hose, the angle of inclination of fertilizer delivering pipe can be freely adjusted, defeated fertilizer is adjusted to the distance of the fertilizer needed for and seed The angle of inclination of pipe, realize that water, fertilizer and seed are sown into the spacing distance of underground, to ensure germination safety.
4. hand propelled automatic spacing mixed seeding device according to claim 1, it is characterised in that described big sprocket wheel and Minor sprocket is Demountable, and the big sprocket wheel and minor sprocket of corresponding gearratio can be changed according to the distance of required sowing, from And implement the adjustment at sowing interval, with the sowing suitable for different plants.
CN201720704234.3U 2017-06-16 2017-06-16 A kind of hand propelled automatic spacing mixed seeding device Expired - Fee Related CN206993659U (en)

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN107148826A (en) * 2017-06-16 2017-09-12 青岛河澄知识产权有限公司 A kind of hand propelled automatic spacing mixed seeding device

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN107148826A (en) * 2017-06-16 2017-09-12 青岛河澄知识产权有限公司 A kind of hand propelled automatic spacing mixed seeding device

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Granted publication date: 20180213

Termination date: 20190616