CN107079638B - A kind of hand propelled automatic spacing mixed seeding device and its application method - Google Patents

A kind of hand propelled automatic spacing mixed seeding device and its application method Download PDF

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Publication number
CN107079638B
CN107079638B CN201710459629.6A CN201710459629A CN107079638B CN 107079638 B CN107079638 B CN 107079638B CN 201710459629 A CN201710459629 A CN 201710459629A CN 107079638 B CN107079638 B CN 107079638B
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disk
water
fertilizer
wheel
sowing
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CN107079638A (en
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于正河
石云鹏
张鸿宇
刘风仪
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Qingdao University
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Qingdao University
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01CPLANTING; SOWING; FERTILISING
    • A01C7/00Sowing
    • A01C7/06Seeders combined with fertilising apparatus
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01CPLANTING; SOWING; FERTILISING
    • A01C5/00Making or covering furrows or holes for sowing, planting or manuring
    • A01C5/06Machines for making or covering drills or furrows for sowing or planting
    • A01C5/062Devices for making drills or furrows
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01CPLANTING; SOWING; FERTILISING
    • A01C7/00Sowing
    • A01C7/20Parts of seeders for conducting and depositing seed
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G25/00Watering gardens, fields, sports grounds or the like
    • A01G25/09Watering arrangements making use of movable installations on wheels or the like

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  • Life Sciences & Earth Sciences (AREA)
  • Soil Sciences (AREA)
  • Environmental Sciences (AREA)
  • Engineering & Computer Science (AREA)
  • Water Supply & Treatment (AREA)
  • Sowing (AREA)

Abstract

The invention belongs to agricultural machineries to use technical field, it is related to a kind of hand propelled automatic spacing mixed seeding device and its application method, the device needs first to be spaced according to the type of the crop seed of required sowing and sowing when in use, select the disk seeding apparatus of correspondingly-sized, then according to the big sprocket wheel of the distance of sowing selection correspondingly-sized and minor sprocket and installation and replacement, the elasticity of transmission chain is adjusted again, then it is adjusted further according to depth of planting required for this kind of crop of sowing, adjust the distance up and down of the inner link in outer sleeve, seed is successively filled after adjusting, fertilizer and water, it is fixed after finally adjusting push rod to suitable height by rear-wheel connecting rod, the angle of fertilizer delivering pipe is adjusted again, water-delivery valve and defeated fertile valve, handrail is pushed to carry out sowing work after adjusting, it is flexible and convenient to use, convenient for adjusting Water and dose are applied, type of seeding sowing effect is good, and practical, application environment is good, wide market.

Description

A kind of hand propelled automatic spacing mixed seeding device and its application method
Technical field:
The invention belongs to agricultural machineries to use technical field, be related to a kind of application method of agricultural seeder machinery, special It is not a kind of hand propelled automatic spacing mixed seeding device and its application method, the compartment of the hand steered state for splat Fertilising, watering is combined with sowing.
Background technique:
Sowing is key operation link in agricultural production, it is necessary within shorter sowing farming season, required according to agricultural technology, Seed is multicast in field and is gone, crop is made to obtain good development growth condition.The quality of seeding quality will directly influence work Emergence, Miao Quan and the robust seedling of object, thus the influence to yield is very big.Since precise sowing can guarantee that seed is most reasonable in field Distribution, application rate is accurate, and spacing in the rows is uniform, and seed level is consistent, is that optimum condition is created in the growth and development of seed, can largely save kind Son reduces field thinning recruitment, guarantees stable crop yield high yield.Therefore, requirement of the modern agriculture to precise sowing machinery be increasingly Compel, China develops precise sowing machinery since the end of the eighties is just.Due to seed quality, site preparation condition, machine-building it is horizontal and The factors such as machine price restrict, China's eighties mainly promote semi-accuracy seeding, for adapt to the rural area system of responsibility in production requirement, The small-sized single body seeder of large-scale popularization, since the nineties, China gradually promotes precision drill, You10Duo Ge enterprise produces 20 various types of precision drills.Precision drill is divided into corn with crop species and soybean precision drill, cereal are (small Wheat) precision drill, beet precision drill;With mating power be divided into small-sized (5.8~13.2kw), it is medium-sized (16.2~ 36.8kw) and large-scale seeder (40.4kw or more) precision drill;It is big to be divided into mechanical and Pneumatic type two in the form of feed mechanism for seed Class precision drill;Can be divided into again in mechanical Verticle disk formula, vertical indent type, cone disk type, line disc type, Horizontal disc, The band forms precision drill such as clip, but above-mentioned is large area operation machinery, is suitable for large area and sows, and can only be Relatively regular landform carries out operation, is difficult to be applicable in the arable land for carrying out small area arable land or irregular terrain profiles, in the prior art, Application No. is the Chinese patents of CN201520735376.7 to disclose a kind of double case cellular-type hand-pushing seeders, main structure packet Include symmetrically arranged two plants cases, rack, front driving wheel, front-wheel baffle, pressure moisture in the soil wheel, plough, clean-up scraper, handle, planting case, Seed wheel, seeding wheel sprocket, driving chain and head sprocket, two plants cases are symmetricly set on the middle part of rack, front driving wheel and pressure Moisture in the soil wheel is separately positioned on the rear and front end of rack, and the front-wheel baffle being connected with rack is provided with above front driving wheel, and planting case is set It sets below plants case, the intermediate position of the planting case is provided with the seed wheel connecting with seed wheel sprocket coaxiality, It is additionally provided with a planting mouth below the planting case, can be realized while sowing two or more seeds, but the function And it is impracticable, the demand of two kinds of crops is seldom had while being sowed, and the equipment can not apply fertilizer, needs after planting in addition to ditch Fertilising.Application No. is 201510720479.0 Chinese patents to provide a kind of hand-pushing seeder, including ontology and support wheel, Support wheel be arranged in ontology lower end, ontology front end is provided with head of getting into the cave, get into the cave head by the cylinder of getting into the cave that upper end is arranged drive into Row is got into the cave, and sowing pipe is provided with by the head of getting into the cave, and sowing pipe is connect with seed storage bucket.By getting into the cave, cylinder drives head of getting into the cave It gets into the cave, and avoids manually digging a hole and sowing to sowing in hole by sowing pipe, improve the sowing to small-scale farmland Efficiency, and seed singulator is set, the seed amount in each hole is controlled, one hole of placement is a variety of to cause seed to distribute Unevenly, which can be realized Precise sowing, but seed sowing is carried out by way of drilling leads to the flower when getting into the cave It is time-consuming more, reduce sowing efficiency, while can not simultaneously fertilizing, watering, need after planting fertilizing, watering again, overall work Efficiency is lower.Therefore, a kind of hand propelled automatic spacing mixed seeding and its application method are designed, sowing is can be achieved at the same time, applies Fertilizer and watering, and sow accurately, it sows high-efficient.
Summary of the invention:
It is an object of the invention to overcome disadvantage of the existing technology, seeks design and a kind of hand propelled automatic spacing is provided Mixed seeding device and its application method can carry out watering or fertilising operation while sowing, and can be suitable for a variety of Crop seeds sowing, can be adjusted as needed the spacing distance of sowing and the depth of sowing.
To achieve the goals above, the main structure of hand propelled automatic spacing mixed seeding device of the present invention are as follows: Handrail, disk shell, plants case, water tank, fertilizer box, container connector, big sprocket wheel, disk fixing seat, inner link, disk connecting rod, set Cylinder, front-wheel, pedestal, minor sprocket fixing seat, front-wheel shaft, minor sprocket, transmission chain, outer sleeve, trench digging hoe, soil scrapper, big sprocket wheel Support base, rear-wheel connecting rod, push rod, adjusts bolt, sowing opening, disk seeding apparatus, water-supply-pipe, fertilizer delivering pipe, water storage list at rear-wheel Member stores up fertile unit, water-delivery valve, defeated fertile valve, kinds of bank deposits slot and disk opening;The cylindrical handle and push rod of soft material clad type Upper end be symmetrically fixedly connected, the handrail is to push seeding apparatus to retreat;The lower end of the push rod and rear-wheel connecting-rod bolts Structure is fixedly connected, to adjust push rod height;The rear-wheel connecting rod is separately fixed at the left end of pedestal, the rear-wheel connecting rod branch Support formula is connect with rear-wheel, forms rotational structure;The rear-wheel is rubber Solid wheel structure, the mud uprooted to be compacted trench digging Soil;The pedestal is the day font frame structure being welded by the square hollow of stainless steel material, this day font frame knot The pedestal of structure includes three longitudinal rods between the transverse bar of front and back two and two transverse bars, and the upper left-hand of the pedestal is equipped with Disk shell, disk shell are fixedly connected with the disk fixing seat of the left and right sides respectively, and the disk fixing seat is tabular knot Structure, disk fixing seat are fixedly connected with the longitudinal rod bolt type on pedestal, to realize the fixation of disk shell;The disk shell For front and back double-layer structure, the downside front of disk shell is provided with sowing opening, and the upside front of disk shell is provided with disk and opens Mouthful, the front layer of disk shell is built-in with disk seeding apparatus, there are four the disk seeding apparatus is uniformly distributed along outer edge Seed in kinds of bank deposits slot is delivered to sowing to store 1-10 seeds, and by disk seeding apparatus rotary type by kinds of bank deposits slot At mouthful, and fallen in the ditch that trench digging hoe is dug out by sowing opening to complete sowing;The sowing opening is located under disk shell Side front;Disk enclosure interior middle is equipped with the interlayer of the sealing disk seeding apparatus is separated, interlayer The rear side place of keeping right is equipped with the fertile unit of storage, and temporarily to store the fertilizer conveyed by fertilizer box, the upper end for storing up fertile unit is equipped with to fertilizer Expect the opening entered, the lower end for storing up fertile unit is connected with the fertilizer delivering pipe fertilizer is discharged, and the fertilizer delivering pipe is the knot that is tilted to the right Structure, fertilizer and seed keep 5-10cm distance, prevent burn seedlings, the lower end of the fertilizer delivering pipe is beveling mouth structure, to prevent fertilizer Blocking;The fertilizer delivering pipe and storage fertile unit junction are equipped with the defeated fertile valve to control dose;The left side for storing up fertile unit Side has water cell temporarily to store the water source conveyed by water tank, and the upper end of water cell is equipped with opens to what water source entered Mouthful, the lower end of water cell is connected with the water-supply-pipe water is discharged, and the water-supply-pipe is disposed vertically, and the draining of water-supply-pipe Moisture can be fed directly on seed and neighbouring soil by mouth end close to sowing opening end 1-5cm, the water-supply-pipe and water storage list The junction of member is equipped with water-delivery valve, to the size according to different crop control carrying capacities;The water cell and storage fertilizer Unit is inclined funnel-shaped structure wide at the top and narrow at the bottom from top to bottom, and in order to water cell and to store up material in fertile unit logical Gravity is crossed to fall naturally;The upper end of the disk shell is equipped with container connector, and the upper end of container connector is equipped with respectively Plants case, water tank and the fertilizer box of square structure are equipped with the spacing board for preventing mixing with damping between the plants case, water tank and fertilizer box, The plants case is located on front side of the upper end of container connector, and passes through the disk opening in communication of container connector and disk shell, The water tank is located on rear side of the upper end of container connector the place that keeps left, and passes through the opening phase of container connector and water cell upper end Connection, water to be delivered in water cell, the fertilizer box is located on rear side of the upper end of container connector the place that keeps right, and passes through appearance Device connector and the opening in communication for storing up fertile unit upper end, fertilizer to be delivered in the fertile unit of storage;The disk sowing dress Set and be fixedly connected with the big sprocket wheel rotary type on front side of it, big sprocket wheel to drive disk seeding apparatus rotate, the big sprocket wheel Downside is equipped with the big sprocket wheel support base to support, the fixed upper table for being placed in transverse bar on front side of pedestal of the big sprocket wheel support base Face, big sprocket wheel support seat supports by big sprocket wheel;The big sprocket wheel is sequentially connected by transmission chain and minor sprocket, to by power Big sprocket wheel is reached by minor sprocket, the minor sprocket is located at the front side of front-wheel and is fixedly connected by front-wheel shaft with front-wheel;It is described The minor sprocket fixing seat to support minor sprocket, the upside of the minor sprocket fixing seat and pedestal are equipped between minor sprocket and front-wheel Front side transverse bar be bolted, to fixed minor sprocket fixing seat, the front-wheel includes two rosettes that front and back is placed, It being fixedly connected between rosette by disk connecting rod, the disk connecting rod is uniformly distributed in the circumference edge of rosette, To be fixedly connected with two rosettes, the sleeve of hollow cylinder, the internal diameter ratio of the sleeve are cased on the disk connecting rod The big 8-16mm of the diameter of disk connecting rod, for the length of the sleeve than the short 4-8mm of disk connecting rod, sleeve can be around disk connecting rod turn It is dynamic, to make front-wheel is convenient under muddy or other severe working environments to move ahead;The downside of longitudinal rod among the pedestal It is equipped with the trench digging hoe to ditch, the upper end of the trench digging hoe is fixedly connected with inner link, is cased on the outside of the inner link outer Sleeve, the upper end of the outer sleeve and the longitudinal rod among pedestal are fixedly connected, and outer sleeve and the movable connection of inner link, Inner link can move up and down in outer sleeve as needed, and to adjust the liftoff spacing of trench digging hoe, further adjustment is opened The depth of ditch, to meet the needs of growing different crops;The place of keeping left is fixedly equipped with soil scrapper on the downside of the pedestal, will open The ditch that ditch hoe is opened is filled and led up, and the adjusting bolt to adjust soil scrapper angle is equipped on the soil scrapper.
The leading flank of disk shell of the present invention is the detachable structure being bolted, to according to not of the same race The size of son, replaces the disk seeding apparatus of different kinds of bank deposits slot sizes, realizes the water of a tractor serves several purposes, fertilizer and seed mixed seeding Function.
Fertilizer delivering pipe of the present invention is plastic hose, the tilt angle of fertilizer delivering pipe can be freely adjusted, to according to institute Fertilizer is needed and adjusted at a distance from seed the tilt angle of fertilizer delivering pipe, realizes that water, fertilizer and seed are sown into the spacing distance of underground, with Guarantee germination safety.
Big sprocket wheel of the present invention and minor sprocket are Demountable, can be according to the distance more commutation of required sowing The big sprocket wheel and minor sprocket of transmission ratio are answered, to implement the adjustment at sowing interval, to be suitable for the sowing of different plants.
The application method of hand propelled automatic spacing mixed seeding device of the present invention specifically carries out in accordance with the following steps:
(1) selection and adjusting sowing parameter:
Type and sowing interval according to the crop seed of required sowing, select the disk seeding apparatus of correspondingly-sized, will Disk seeding apparatus is put into disk shell from the leading flank of disk shell, then by the shaft being connected with disk shell it is fixed into Enter in the hole among disk seeding apparatus, then the leading flank of disk shell is bolted;
(2) sowing interval is determined:
The sowing interval for first determining sowing crop, then selects the big sprocket wheel and chainlet of correspondingly-sized according to the distance of sowing Wheel, particular number relationship are the linear velocity V of minor sprocket rotation1Equal to the linear velocity V of big sprocket wheel rotation2, the angle speed of minor sprocket rotation Spend R1Equal to the angular speed R of front-drive3, the angular speed R of big sprocket wheel rotation2Equal to the angular speed R of disk seeding apparatus rotation4, Assuming that the diameter of disk seeding apparatus is r4, the radius of front-wheel is r3, the radius of minor sprocket is r1, the radius of big sprocket wheel is r2, then Sowing interval L are as follows:
The radius of the front-wheel is fixed value, by the radius r for adjusting minor sprocket1Radius with big sprocket wheel is r2Ratio To determine the adjustment at sowing interval;
(3) adjustment sowing interval:
After calculating minor sprocket and the radius scale of big sprocket wheel according to mode described in step (2), carried out according to the ratio small The replacement of sprocket wheel and big sprocket wheel first removes big sprocket wheel, then is taken turns at shaft in the past and remove minor sprocket, and carry out correspondingly-sized more It changes, packages transmission chain after replacement, and adjust the elasticity of transmission chain,
(4) ditching depth is adjusted:
The equipment is first run in the case where not containing seed, fertilizer and water, measurement trench digging hoe after a distance of ditching It hoes the fields depth, is adjusted further according to depth of planting required for this kind of crop of sowing, adjusts the upper of the inner link in outer sleeve Lower distance makes trench digging hoe reach required depth of hoing the fields, finally consolidates to inner link to adjust the ground clearance of trench digging hoe It is fixed;
(5) material loads:
The first total amount of the seed according to needed for the area of required sowing and the range estimation of sowing, weighs further according to total amount Corresponding seed is simultaneously packed into plants case, to prevent that directly excessive seed will be poured into plants case, is successively calculated further according to above-mentioned method Corresponding water and fertilizer amount out, and it is respectively charged into water tank and fertilizer box;
(6) seeding operation is carried out:
First adjust push rod to suitable height after be fixed by rear-wheel connecting rod, further according to fertilizer at a distance from seed tune The angle of fertilizer delivering pipe is saved to suitable position, then adjusts water-delivery valve and defeated fertile valve and applies water and dose to adjust, has been adjusted It pushes handrail to carry out sowing work after finishing, after seed, fertilizer and water are used up, first closes water-delivery valve and defeated fertile valve, then mend It fills seed, fertilizer and water, after supplement, opens water-delivery valve and defeated fertile valve continues to sow work, complete seeding operation Afterwards, water and fertilizer be dischargeds and are collected by water-delivery valve and defeated fertile valve by equipment out of service, turn off water-delivery valve with Defeated fertilizer valve, then seed is taken out out of plants case, realize automatic spacing mixed seeding.
Compared with prior art, the present invention collection uproots ditch, scraping, sowing, waters and topdress one, main functionality is powerful, It can be realized by the cooperation of big sprocket wheel and minor sprocket and freely adjust sowing interval, it is flexible and convenient to use, while can freely adjust Section ditching depth can satisfy the demand of Different Crop, various sizes of disk seeding apparatus can be replaced, to the kind of crops Class is applied widely, is equipped with the water-delivery valve that can control water delivery speed on water-supply-pipe and fertilizer delivering pipe respectively and can control defeated fertile speed Defeated fertilizer valve, it is flexible and convenient to use, water and dose are applied convenient for adjusting, type of seeding sowing effect is good, practical, application Environment is good, wide market.
Detailed description of the invention:
Fig. 1 is main structure schematic illustration of the invention.
Fig. 2 is the internal structure schematic illustration on front side of disk shell of the present invention.
Fig. 3 is the internal structure schematic illustration on rear side of disk shell of the present invention.
Specific embodiment:
The invention will be further described by way of example and in conjunction with the accompanying drawings.
Embodiment 1:
The main structure for the hand propelled automatic spacing mixed seeding device that the present embodiment is related to includes: handrail 1, disk shell 2, plants case 3, water tank 4, fertilizer box 5, container connector 6, big sprocket wheel 7, disk fixing seat 8, inner link 9, disk connecting rod 10, sleeve 11, front-wheel 12, pedestal 13, minor sprocket fixing seat 14, front-wheel shaft 15, minor sprocket 16, transmission chain 17, outer sleeve 18, trench digging hoe 19, soil scrapper 20, big sprocket wheel support base 21, rear-wheel 22, rear-wheel connecting rod 23, push rod 24, adjusting bolt 25, sowing opening 26, disk Seeding apparatus 27, fertilizer delivering pipe 29, water cell 30, stores up fertile unit 31, water-delivery valve 32, defeated fertile valve 33, kinds of bank deposits at water-supply-pipe 28 Slot 34 and disk opening 35;The cylindrical handle 1 of soft material clad type is symmetrically fixedly connected with the upper end of push rod 24, the handrail 1 to push seeding apparatus to retreat;The lower end of the push rod 24 is fixedly connected with 23 bolt arrangement of rear-wheel connecting rod, is pushed away to adjust 24 height of bar;The rear-wheel connecting rod 23 is separately fixed at the left end of pedestal 13, and 23 brace type of rear-wheel connecting rod and rear-wheel 22 connect It connects, forms rotational structure;The rear-wheel 22 is rubber Solid wheel structure, the soil uprooted to be compacted trench digging hoe 19;It is described Pedestal 13 is the day font frame structure being welded by the square hollow of stainless steel material, the bottom of this day font frame structure Seat 13 includes three longitudinal rods between the transverse bar of front and back two and two transverse bars, and the upper left-hand of the pedestal 13 is equipped with circle Disk shell 2, disk shell 2 are fixedly connected with the disk fixing seat 8 of the left and right sides respectively, and the disk fixing seat 8 is tabular Structure, disk fixing seat 8 are fixedly connected with the longitudinal rod bolt type on pedestal 13, to realize the fixation of disk shell 2;The circle Disk shell 2 is front and back double-layer structure, and the downside front of disk shell 2 is provided with sowing opening 26, the upside front of disk shell 2 It is provided with disk opening 35, the front layer of disk shell 2 is built-in with disk seeding apparatus 27, and the disk seeding apparatus 27 is along outer edge Place is uniformly distributed there are four kinds of bank deposits slot 34, to store 1-10 seeds, and passes through 27 rotary type of disk seeding apparatus for kinds of bank deposits Seed in slot 34 is delivered at sowing opening 26, and is fallen in the ditch that trench digging hoe 19 is dug out by sowing opening 26 to complete to broadcast Kind;The sowing opening 26 is located at the downside front of disk shell 2;It is equipped at 2 bosom of disk shell to circle The interlayer for the sealing that disk seeding apparatus 27 separates, the place of keeping right is equipped with the fertile unit 31 of storage on rear side of interlayer, temporarily to store by fertilizer The fertilizer that case 5 conveys, the upper end for storing up fertile unit 31 are equipped with the opening entered to fertilizer, and the lower end connection for storing up fertile unit 31 is useful The fertilizer delivering pipe 29 of fertilizer is discharged, the fertilizer delivering pipe 29 is the structure that is tilted to the right, and fertilizer and seed keep 5-10cm distance, prevent Burn seedlings, the lower end of the fertilizer delivering pipe 29 is beveling mouth structure, to prevent fertilizer from blocking;The fertilizer delivering pipe 29 connects with fertile unit 31 is stored up The place of connecing is equipped with the defeated fertile valve 33 to control dose;The left side for storing up fertile unit 31 is equipped with water cell 30 to interim The water source conveyed by water tank 4 is stored, the upper end of water cell 30 is equipped with the opening entered to water source, the lower end of water cell 30 It is connected with the water-supply-pipe 28 water is discharged, the water-supply-pipe is disposed vertically, and the discharge outlet end of water-supply-pipe 28 is close to sowing Moisture, can be fed directly on seed and neighbouring soil by 26 end 1-5cm of mouth, the company of the water-supply-pipe 28 and water cell 30 The place of connecing is equipped with water-delivery valve 32, to the size according to different crop control carrying capacities;The water cell 30 and storage fertilizer are single Member 31 is inclined funnel-shaped structure wide at the top and narrow at the bottom from top to bottom, in order to water cell 30 and stores up the object in fertile unit 31 Material is fallen naturally by gravity;The upper end of the disk shell 2 is equipped with container connector 6, the upper end point of container connector 6 It is not equipped with plants case 3, water tank 4 and the fertilizer box 5 of square structure, being equipped between the plants case 3, water tank 4 and fertilizer box 5 prevents mixing and subtract The spacing board of shake, the plants case 3 are located on front side of the upper end of container connector 6, and pass through container connector 6 and disk shell 2 Disk opening 35 is connected, and the water tank 4 is located on rear side of the upper end of container connector 6 place that keeps left, and pass through container connector 6 and The opening in communication of 30 upper end of water cell, water to be delivered in water cell 30, the fertilizer box 5 is located at container connector Keep right place on rear side of 6 upper end, and by the opening in communication of 31 upper end of container connector 6 and the fertile unit of storage, to fertilizer is defeated It send to the fertile unit 31 of storage;The disk seeding apparatus 27 is fixedly connected with 7 rotary type of big sprocket wheel on front side of it, and big sprocket wheel 7 is used To drive disk seeding apparatus 27 to rotate, the downside of the big sprocket wheel 7 is equipped with the big sprocket wheel support base 21 to support, described big The fixed upper surface for being placed in 13 front side transverse bar of pedestal of sprocket wheel support base 21, big sprocket wheel 7 are supported by big sprocket wheel support base 21, institute Big sprocket wheel 7 is stated to be sequentially connected by transmission chain 17 and minor sprocket 16, it is described power is reached big sprocket wheel 7 by minor sprocket 16 Minor sprocket 16 is located at the front side of front-wheel 12 and is fixedly connected by front-wheel shaft 15 with front-wheel 12;The minor sprocket 16 and front-wheel 12 Between be equipped with minor sprocket fixing seat 14 to support minor sprocket 16, before the upside of the minor sprocket fixing seat 14 and pedestal 13 Side transverse bar is bolted, and to fixed minor sprocket fixing seat 14, the front-wheel 12 includes two rosettes that front and back is placed, It is fixedly connected between rosette by disk connecting rod 10, the disk connecting rod 10 is uniformly distributed in the circumferential edge edge of rosette Place, to be fixedly connected with two rosettes, is cased with the sleeve 11 of hollow cylinder, the sleeve 11 on the disk connecting rod 10 Internal diameter it is 8-16mm bigger than the diameter of disk connecting rod 10, short 4-8mm of the length than disk connecting rod 10 of the sleeve 11, sleeve 11 It can be rotated around disk connecting rod 10, to make front-wheel 12 is convenient under muddy or other severe working environments to move ahead;The bottom The trench digging hoe 19 to ditch is equipped on the downside of longitudinal rod among seat 13, the upper end of the trench digging hoe 19 and inner link 9 are fixed Connection, the outside of the inner link 9 are cased with outer sleeve 18, and the upper end of the outer sleeve 18 and the longitudinal rod among pedestal 13 are fixed Connection, and outer sleeve 18 and the movable connection of inner link 9, inner link 9 can carry out up and down in outer sleeve 18 as needed It is mobile, to adjust the liftoff spacing of trench digging hoe 19, the depth of further adjustment trench digging, to meet the needs of growing different crops; The downside place of keeping left of the pedestal 13 is fixedly equipped with soil scrapper 20, and the ditch to open trench digging hoe 19 is filled and led up, the soil scrapper 20 On be equipped with adjusting bolt 25 to adjust 20 angle of soil scrapper.
The leading flank of disk shell 2 described in the present embodiment is the detachable structure being bolted, to according to not With the size of seed, the disk seeding apparatus 27 of different 34 sizes of kinds of bank deposits slot is replaced, realizes that the water, fertilizer and seed of a tractor serves several purposes are mixed Close the function of sowing.
Fertilizer delivering pipe 29 described in the present embodiment is plastic hose, can freely adjust the tilt angle of fertilizer delivering pipe 29, to The tilt angle of fertilizer delivering pipe 29 is adjusted at a distance from seed according to required fertilizer, realizes that water, fertilizer and seed are sown between underground Gauge is to guarantee germination safety.
Big sprocket wheel 7 and minor sprocket 16 described in the present embodiment are Demountable, can be according to the distance of required sowing The big sprocket wheel 7 and minor sprocket 16 of corresponding transmission ratio are replaced, to implement the adjustment at sowing interval, to be suitable for broadcasting for different plants Kind.
The application method of hand propelled automatic spacing mixed seeding device of the present invention specifically carries out in accordance with the following steps:
(1) selection and adjusting sowing parameter:
Type and sowing interval according to the crop seed of required sowing, select the disk seeding apparatus 27 of correspondingly-sized, Disk seeding apparatus 27 is put into disk shell 2 from the leading flank of disk shell 2, then is turned what is be connected with disk shell 2 Axis is secured into the hole among disk seeding apparatus 27, then the leading flank of disk shell 2 is bolted;
(2) sowing interval is determined:
It first determines the sowing interval of sowing crop, the big sprocket wheel 7 of correspondingly-sized and small is then selected according to the distance of sowing Sprocket wheel 16, particular number relationship are the linear velocity V that minor sprocket 16 rotates1The linear velocity V rotated equal to big sprocket wheel 172, minor sprocket 16 The angular speed R of rotation1The angular speed R rotated equal to front-wheel 123, the angular speed R of the rotation of big sprocket wheel 172Equal to disk seeding apparatus The angular speed R of 27 rotations4, it is assumed that the diameter of disk seeding apparatus 27 is r4, the radius of front-wheel 12 is r3, the radius of minor sprocket 16 For r1, the radius of big sprocket wheel 17 is r2, then interval L is sowed are as follows:
The radius of the front-wheel 12 is fixed value, by the radius r for adjusting minor sprocket 161Radius with big sprocket wheel 17 is r2 Ratio come determine sowing interval adjustment;
(3) adjustment sowing interval:
After calculating minor sprocket 16 and the radius scale of big sprocket wheel 17 according to mode described in step (2), according to the ratio into The replacement of row minor sprocket 16 and big sprocket wheel 17 first removes big sprocket wheel 17, then is taken turns at shaft 15 in the past and remove minor sprocket 16, and carried out The replacement of correspondingly-sized packages transmission chain 17 after replacement, and adjusts the elasticity of transmission chain 17,
(4) ditching depth is adjusted:
The equipment is first run in the case where not containing seed, fertilizer and water, measurement trench digging hoe 19 after a distance of ditching Depth of hoing the fields, further according to sowing this kind of crop required for depth of planting be adjusted, adjust outer sleeve 18 in inner link 9 Distance up and down so that trench digging hoe 19 is reached required depth of hoing the fields, finally to inner link to adjust the ground clearance of trench digging hoe 19 9 are fixed;
(5) material loads:
The first total amount of the seed according to needed for the area of required sowing and the range estimation of sowing, weighs further according to total amount Corresponding seed is simultaneously packed into plants case 3, to prevent that directly excessive seed will be poured into plants case 3, is successively counted further according to above-mentioned method Corresponding water and fertilizer amount are calculated, and is respectively charged into water tank 4 and fertilizer box 5;
(6) seeding operation is carried out:
Be fixed after first adjusting push rod 24 to suitable height by rear-wheel connecting rod 23, further according to fertilizer and seed away from From adjusting the angle of fertilizer delivering pipe 29 to suitable position, then adjust water-delivery valve 32 and defeated fertile valve 33 applies water and fertilising to adjust Amount pushes handrail 1 to carry out sowing work after adjusting, after seed, fertilizer and water are used up, first closes water-delivery valve 32 and defeated Fertile valve 33, is supplemented seed, fertilizer and water, after supplement, opens water-delivery valve 32 and defeated fertile valve 33 continues to sow work Make, after completing seeding operation, water and fertilizer are discharged simultaneously by water-delivery valve 32 and defeated fertile valve 33 for the equipment out of service It collects, turns off water-delivery valve 32 and defeated fertile valve 33, then take out seed out of plants case 3, realize automatic spacing mixed seeding.

Claims (1)

1. a kind of type of seeding of hand propelled automatic spacing mixed seeding device, main structure include: handrail, disk shell, It is plants case, water tank, fertilizer box, container connector, big sprocket wheel, disk fixing seat, inner link, disk connecting rod, sleeve, front-wheel, pedestal, small Sprocket wheel fixing seat, front-wheel shaft, minor sprocket, transmission chain, outer sleeve, trench digging hoe, soil scrapper, big sprocket wheel support base, rear-wheel, rear-wheel Connecting rod, push rod adjust bolt, sowing opening, disk seeding apparatus, water-supply-pipe, fertilizer delivering pipe, water cell, store up fertile unit, delivery valve Door, defeated fertile valve, kinds of bank deposits slot and disk opening;The upper end of the cylindrical handle of soft material clad type and push rod is symmetrically fixed to be connected It connects, the handrail is to push seeding apparatus to retreat;The lower end of the push rod is fixedly connected with rear-wheel connecting-rod bolts structure, to Adjust push rod height;The rear-wheel connecting rod is separately fixed at the left end of pedestal, and the rear-wheel link supports formula is connect with rear-wheel, shape At rotational structure;The rear-wheel is rubber Solid wheel structure, the soil uprooted to be compacted trench digging;The pedestal is by stainless The day font frame structure that the square hollow of steel material is welded, the pedestal of this day font frame structure include front and back two Three longitudinal rods between transverse bar and two transverse bars, the upper left-hand of the pedestal are equipped with disk shell, disk shell point It is not fixedly connected with the disk fixing seat of the left and right sides, the disk fixing seat is plate-like structure, disk fixing seat and pedestal On longitudinal rod bolt type be fixedly connected, to realize the fixation of disk shell;The disk shell is front and back double-layer structure, disk The downside front of shell is provided with sowing opening, and the upside front of disk shell is provided with disk and is open, in the front layer of disk shell It is equipped with disk seeding apparatus, the disk seeding apparatus is uniformly distributed that there are four kinds of bank deposits slots along outer edge, to store 1-10 Grain seed, and the seed in kinds of bank deposits slot is delivered at sowing opening by disk seeding apparatus rotary type, and is fallen by sowing opening It drops down onto the ditch that trench digging hoe is dug out to complete sowing;The sowing opening is located at the downside front of disk shell;The disk shell Internal portion middle is equipped with the interlayer of the sealing disk seeding apparatus is separated, and it is single to be equipped with storage fertilizer for the place of keeping right on rear side of interlayer Member, temporarily to store the fertilizer conveyed by fertilizer box, the upper end for storing up fertile unit is equipped with the opening entered to fertilizer, stores up fertile unit Lower end be connected with the fertilizer delivering pipe fertilizer is discharged, the fertilizer delivering pipe is the structure that is tilted to the right, and fertilizer and seed keep 5- 10cm distance prevents burn seedlings, and the lower end of the fertilizer delivering pipe is beveling mouth structure, to prevent fertilizer from blocking;The fertilizer delivering pipe and storage Fertile unit junction is equipped with the defeated fertile valve to control dose;Water cell is equipped with to face on the left of the fertile unit of the storage When store the water source that convey by water tank, the upper end of water cell is equipped with the opening entered to water source, the lower end company of water cell It is connected to the water-supply-pipe water is discharged, the water-supply-pipe is disposed vertically, and the discharge outlet end of water-supply-pipe is close to sowing opening end 1- Moisture can be fed directly on seed and neighbouring soil by 5cm, and the junction of the water-supply-pipe and water cell is equipped with water delivery Valve, to the size according to different crop control carrying capacities;The water cell and the fertile unit of storage are to incline from top to bottom Oblique funnel-shaped structure wide at the top and narrow at the bottom, in order to which the material in water cell and the fertile unit of storage passes through under gravity nature It falls;The upper end of the disk shell is equipped with container connector, and the upper end of container connector is equipped with the plants case of square structure, water respectively Case and fertilizer box, are equipped with the spacing board for preventing mixing with damping between the plants case, water tank and fertilizer box, the plants case is located at container company On front side of the upper end of junctor, and pass through the disk opening in communication of container connector and disk shell, the water tank is located at container company Keep left place on rear side of the upper end of junctor, and passes through the opening in communication of container connector and water cell upper end, to convey water To water cell, the fertilizer box is located on rear side of the upper end of container connector the place that keeps right, and single by container connector and storage fertilizer The opening in communication of first upper end, fertilizer to be delivered in the fertile unit of storage;The disk seeding apparatus and the big chain on front side of it Wheel rotary type is fixedly connected, and big sprocket wheel is equipped on the downside of the big sprocket wheel to support to drive disk seeding apparatus to rotate Big sprocket wheel support base, the fixed upper surface for being placed in transverse bar on front side of pedestal of the big sprocket wheel support base, big sprocket wheel passes through big chain Wheel support seat supports;The big sprocket wheel is sequentially connected by transmission chain and minor sprocket, power is reached big chain by minor sprocket Wheel, the minor sprocket are located at the front side of front-wheel and are fixedly connected by front-wheel shaft with front-wheel;Between the minor sprocket and front-wheel It is equipped with the minor sprocket fixing seat to support minor sprocket, the upside of the minor sprocket fixing seat and the front side transverse bar bolt of pedestal Connection, to fixed minor sprocket fixing seat, the front-wheel includes two rosettes that front and back is placed, and is passed through between rosette Disk connecting rod is fixedly connected, and the disk connecting rod is uniformly distributed in the circumference edge of rosette, to be fixedly connected with two Rosette, the sleeve of hollow cylinder is cased on the disk connecting rod, and the internal diameter of the sleeve is bigger than the diameter of disk connecting rod 8-16mm, for the length of the sleeve than the short 4-8mm of disk connecting rod, sleeve can be around disk link rotatable, to make front-wheel exist It is convenient under muddy or other severe working environments to move ahead;It is equipped on the downside of longitudinal rod among the pedestal and is opened to what is ditched The upper end of ditch hoe, the trench digging hoe is fixedly connected with inner link, and outer sleeve is cased on the outside of the inner link, the outer sleeve Longitudinal rod among upper end and pedestal is fixedly connected, and outer sleeve and the movable connection of inner link, and inner link can be according to need It to be moved up and down in outer sleeve, to adjust the liftoff spacing of trench digging hoe, the depth of trench digging further be adjusted, to meet kind Plant the needs of Different Crop;The place of keeping left is fixedly equipped with soil scrapper on the downside of the pedestal, and the ditch to open trench digging hoe is filled and led up, institute The adjusting bolt being equipped on soil scrapper to adjust soil scrapper angle is stated, the leading flank of the disk shell is solid by bolt Fixed detachable structure replaces the disk seeding apparatus of different kinds of bank deposits slot sizes to the size according to different seeds, realizes one The function of the multi-purpose water of machine, fertilizer and seed mixed seeding;The fertilizer delivering pipe is plastic hose, can freely adjust inclining for fertilizer delivering pipe Rake angle realizes that water, fertilizer and seed are sown into adjust the tilt angle of fertilizer delivering pipe at a distance from seed according to required fertilizer The spacing distance of underground, to guarantee germination safety;The big sprocket wheel and minor sprocket are Demountable, can be according to institute The distance that need to be sowed replaces the big sprocket wheel and minor sprocket of corresponding transmission ratio, to implement the adjustment at sowing interval, to be suitable for not With the sowing of plant, it is characterised in that the device realizes that the concrete technology of automatic spacing mixed seeding includes the following steps:
(1) selection and adjusting sowing parameter:
Type and sowing interval according to the crop seed of required sowing, select the disk seeding apparatus of correspondingly-sized, by disk Seeding apparatus is put into disk shell from the leading flank of disk shell, then the shaft being connected with disk shell is secured into circle In hole among disk seeding apparatus, then the leading flank of disk shell is bolted;
(2) sowing interval is determined:
The sowing interval for first determining sowing crop, then selects the big sprocket wheel and minor sprocket of correspondingly-sized according to the distance of sowing, Particular number relationship is the linear velocity V of minor sprocket rotation1Equal to the linear velocity V of big sprocket wheel rotation2, the angular speed of minor sprocket rotation R1Equal to the angular speed R of front-drive3, the angular speed R of big sprocket wheel rotation2Equal to the angular speed R of disk seeding apparatus rotation4, false If the diameter of disk seeding apparatus is r4, the radius of front-wheel is r3, the radius of minor sprocket is r1, the radius of big sprocket wheel is r2, then broadcast Kind interval L are as follows:
The radius of the front-wheel is fixed value, by the radius r for adjusting minor sprocket1Radius with big sprocket wheel is r2Ratio come it is true The adjustment at fixed sowing interval;
(3) adjustment sowing interval:
After calculating minor sprocket and the radius scale of big sprocket wheel according to mode described in step (2), minor sprocket is carried out according to the ratio With the replacement of big sprocket wheel, big sprocket wheel is first removed, then is taken turns at shaft in the past and removes minor sprocket, and carry out the replacement of correspondingly-sized, more Transmission chain is packaged after changing, and adjusts the elasticity of transmission chain,
(4) ditching depth is adjusted:
The equipment is first run in the case where not containing seed, fertilizer and water, measurement trench digging hoe hoes the fields after a distance of ditching Depth, further according to sowing this kind of crop required for depth of planting be adjusted, adjust outer sleeve in inner link it is upper and lower away from From to adjust the ground clearance of trench digging hoe, making to ditch to uproot reaches required depth of hoing the fields, and finally inner link is fixed;
(5) material loads:
The first total amount of the seed according to needed for the area of required sowing and the range estimation of sowing, weighs correspondence further according to total amount Seed and be packed into plants case, to prevent that directly excessive seed will be poured into plants case, successively calculated pair further according to above-mentioned method The water and fertilizer amount answered, and it is respectively charged into water tank and fertilizer box;
(6) seeding operation is carried out:
It is fixed, is adjusted at a distance from seed further according to fertilizer defeated by rear-wheel connecting rod after first adjusting push rod to suitable height The angle of fertile pipe is to suitable position, then adjusts water-delivery valve and defeated fertile valve and apply water and dose to adjust, after adjusting It pushes handrail to carry out sowing work, after seed, fertilizer and water are used up, first closes water-delivery valve and defeated fertile valve, be supplemented planting Son, fertilizer and water after supplement, open water-delivery valve and defeated fertile valve continue to sow work and stops after completing seeding operation The equipment is only run, water and fertilizer are discharged and are collected by water-delivery valve and defeated fertile valve, turns off water-delivery valve and defeated fertilizer Valve, then seed is taken out out of plants case, realize automatic spacing mixed seeding.
CN201710459629.6A 2017-06-16 2017-06-16 A kind of hand propelled automatic spacing mixed seeding device and its application method Active CN107079638B (en)

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CN108093772A (en) * 2017-12-24 2018-06-01 玉林市玉州区万通华信科技服务部 A kind of seeding apparatus
CN108271471A (en) * 2018-05-09 2018-07-13 青岛洪珠农业机械有限公司 A kind of self-propelled potato Mini-seeder
CN111108863A (en) * 2020-02-03 2020-05-08 江西天稻粮安种业有限公司 Seeder with fertilizer supplementing function
CN112292990B (en) * 2020-11-04 2022-01-07 张林田 Inter-planting type forage grass sowing machine and sowing method
CN116698468B (en) * 2023-08-03 2023-12-05 北京市农林科学院智能装备技术研究中心 Seeding and fertilizing quality detection device and detection method

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CN2383307Y (en) * 1999-08-10 2000-06-21 陕西省商南机电设备厂 Fertilizing seeder for field ditch on hill
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