CN107079638A - A kind of hand propelled automatic spacing mixed seeding device and its application method - Google Patents

A kind of hand propelled automatic spacing mixed seeding device and its application method Download PDF

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Publication number
CN107079638A
CN107079638A CN201710459629.6A CN201710459629A CN107079638A CN 107079638 A CN107079638 A CN 107079638A CN 201710459629 A CN201710459629 A CN 201710459629A CN 107079638 A CN107079638 A CN 107079638A
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China
Prior art keywords
disk
water
fertilizer
sowing
wheel
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CN201710459629.6A
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CN107079638B (en
Inventor
于正河
石云鹏
张鸿宇
刘风仪
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Qingdao University
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Qingdao River Intellectual Property Ltd
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01CPLANTING; SOWING; FERTILISING
    • A01C7/00Sowing
    • A01C7/06Seeders combined with fertilising apparatus
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01CPLANTING; SOWING; FERTILISING
    • A01C5/00Making or covering furrows or holes for sowing, planting or manuring
    • A01C5/06Machines for making or covering drills or furrows for sowing or planting
    • A01C5/062Devices for making drills or furrows
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01CPLANTING; SOWING; FERTILISING
    • A01C7/00Sowing
    • A01C7/20Parts of seeders for conducting and depositing seed
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G25/00Watering gardens, fields, sports grounds or the like
    • A01G25/09Watering arrangements making use of movable installations on wheels or the like

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  • Life Sciences & Earth Sciences (AREA)
  • Soil Sciences (AREA)
  • Environmental Sciences (AREA)
  • Engineering & Computer Science (AREA)
  • Water Supply & Treatment (AREA)
  • Sowing (AREA)

Abstract

Technical field is used the invention belongs to agricultural machinery, it is related to a kind of hand propelled automatic spacing mixed seeding device and its application method, the device needs the type of crop seed first according to required sowing and sowing to be spaced when in use, select the disk seeding apparatus of correspondingly-sized, then the big sprocket wheel and minor sprocket of correspondingly-sized are selected according to the distance of sowing and replacing is installed, the elasticity of driving-chain is adjusted again, then it is adjusted further according to the depth of planting required for this kind of crop of sowing, adjust the distance up and down of the inside connecting rod in outer sleeve, regulation fills seed successively after finishing, fertilizer and water, finally it is fixed after regulation push rod to suitable height by trailing wheel connecting rod, the angle of fertilizer delivering pipe is adjusted again, water-delivery valve and defeated fertile valve, regulation promotes handrail to carry out sowing work after finishing, it is flexible and convenient to use, it is easy to regulation to apply water and dose, type of seeding sowing effect is good, it is practical, application environment is good, wide market.

Description

A kind of hand propelled automatic spacing mixed seeding device and its application method
Technical field:
Technical field is used the invention belongs to agricultural machinery, is related to a kind of application method of agricultural seeder machinery, it is special It is not a kind of hand propelled automatic spacing mixed seeding device and its application method, the compartment for the hand steered state of splat Apply fertilizer, water combines with sowing.
Background technology:
Sowing is key operation link in agricultural production, it is necessary within shorter sowing farming season, required according to agricultural technology, Seed is multicast in field and gone, crop is obtained good development growth condition.The quality of seeding quality, will directly influence work The emerging of thing, seedling is complete and seedling is strong, thus the influence to yield is very big.Because precise sowing can ensure that seed is most reasonable in field Distribution, application rate is accurate, and spacing in the rows is uniform, and seed level is consistent, is the creation optimum condition of growing of seed, can largely save kind Son, reduces field thinning recruitment, it is ensured that stable crop yield high yield.Therefore, modern agriculture to precise sowing machinery requirement increasingly Compel, China since the end of the eighties just develop precise sowing machinery.Due to seed quality, site preparation condition, machine-building level and The factors such as machine price are restricted, and China is mainly popularization semi-accuracy seeding the eighties, to adapt to the requirement of the rural area system of responsibility in production, The small-sized single body seeder of large-scale popularization, since the nineties, China progressively promotes precision drill, You10Duo Ge enterprises produce The precision drill of 20 Multiple Types.Precision drill is divided into corn with crop species and soybean precision drill, cereal are (small Wheat) precision drill, beet precision drill;With supporting power be divided into small-sized (5.8~13.2kw), it is medium-sized (16.2~ 36.8kw) with large-scale seeder (more than 40.4kw) precision drill;It is divided into mechanical and Pneumatic type two in feed mechanism for seed form big Class precision drill;Can be divided into again in mechanical Verticle disk formula, vertical indent type, cone disk type, line disc type, Horizontal disc, The band form precision drill such as clip, but above-mentioned is large area operation machinery, it is adaptable to which large area is sowed, and can only be Relatively regular landform carries out operation, is difficult to be applicable in the arable land for carrying out small area arable land or irregular terrain profiles, in the prior art, Application No. CN201520735376.7 Chinese patent discloses a kind of pair of case cellular-type hand-pushing seeder, its agent structure bag Include symmetrically arranged two kind casees, frame, front driving wheel, front-wheel baffle plate, pressure moisture in the soil wheel, plough, clean-up scraper, handle, planting case, Seed wheel, seeding wheel sprocket, driving chain and head sprocket, two kind casees are symmetricly set on the middle part of frame, front driving wheel and pressure Moisture in the soil wheel is separately positioned on the front-wheel baffle plate for being provided with and being connected with frame above the rear and front end of frame, front driving wheel, and planting case is set Put below kind of case, the middle part of the planting case be provided with a seed wheel being connected with seed wheel sprocket coaxiality, Planting mouthful is additionally provided with below the planting case, can be realized while sow two or more seeds, but the function And it is impracticable, seldom have while sowing the demand of two kinds of crops, and the equipment can not apply fertilizer, it is necessary to after planting ditch in addition Fertilising.The Chinese patent of Application No. 201510720479.0 provides a kind of hand-pushing seeder, including body and support wheel, Support wheel is arranged on body lower end, and body front end is provided with head of getting into the cave, the cylinder of getting into the cave that head of getting into the cave is set by upper end drive into Row is got into the cave, and sowing pipe is provided with by the head of getting into the cave, and sowing pipe is connected with seed storage bucket.By getting into the cave, cylinder drives head of getting into the cave Got into the cave, and by sowing pipe to being sowed in hole, it is to avoid manually dig a hole and sow, improve the sowing to small-scale farmland Efficiency, and seed singulator is set, the seed amount in each hole is controlled, the hole of placement one is a variety of to cause seed to distribute Uneven, the invention can realize Precise sowing, but seed sowing is carried out by way of drilling to be caused to spend when getting into the cave It is time-consuming more, reduction sowing efficiency, while can not simultaneously fertilizing, watering, it is necessary to after planting fertilizing, watering, overall work again It is less efficient.Therefore, a kind of hand propelled automatic spacing mixed seeding and its application method are designed, sowing can be realized simultaneously, is applied Fertilizer and water, and sow accurate, sow efficiency high.
The content of the invention:
It is an object of the invention to overcome the shortcoming that prior art is present, seek design and a kind of hand propelled automatic spacing is provided Mixed seeding device and its application method, can be watered or fertilising operation, and can be applied to a variety of while sowing Crop seeds are sowed, and the spacing distance of sowing and the depth of sowing can be adjusted as needed.
To achieve these goals, the agent structure of hand propelled automatic spacing mixed seeding device of the present invention is: Handrail, disk housing, kind case, water tank, fertilizer box, container connector, big sprocket wheel, disk fixed seat, inside connecting rod, disk connecting rod, set Cylinder, front-wheel, base, minor sprocket fixed seat, front-wheel rotating shaft, minor sprocket, driving-chain, outer sleeve, trench digging hoe, soil scrapper, big sprocket wheel Support base, trailing wheel, trailing wheel connecting rod, push rod, regulating bolt, sowing opening, disk seeding apparatus, water-supply-pipe, fertilizer delivering pipe, water storage list Member, the fertile unit of storage, water-delivery valve, defeated fertile valve, kinds of bank deposits groove and disk opening;The cylindrical handle and push rod of soft material clad type Upper end be symmetrically fixedly connected, the handrail is to promote seeding apparatus to retreat;The lower end of the push rod and trailing wheel connecting-rod bolts Structure is fixedly connected, to adjust push rod height;The trailing wheel connecting rod is separately fixed at the left end of base, the trailing wheel connecting rod branch Support formula is connected with trailing wheel, forms rotational structure;The trailing wheel is rubber Solid wheel structure, to be compacted the mud that trench digging has been uprooted Soil;The base is the day font frame structure being welded by the square hollow of stainless steel, this day font framework knot The base of structure includes front and rear three longitudinal rods between two transverse bars and two transverse bars, and the upper left-hand of the base is equipped with Disk housing, disk housing is fixedly connected with the disk fixed seat of the left and right sides respectively, and the disk fixed seat is tabular knot Structure, disk fixed seat is fixedly connected with the longitudinal rod bolt type on base, to realize the fixation of disk housing;The disk housing For front and rear double-decker, the downside front of disk housing is provided with sowing opening, and the upside front of disk housing is provided with disk and opened Mouthful, the front layer of disk housing is built-in with disk seeding apparatus, and the disk seeding apparatus is evenly distributed with four along outer edge Kinds of bank deposits groove, sowing opening is delivered to store-grain seed, and by disk seeding apparatus rotary type by the seed in kinds of bank deposits groove Place, and fall in the ditch that trench digging hoe is dug out to complete sowing by sowing opening;The sowing opening is located at the downside of disk housing Front;The disk enclosure interior middle is equipped with after the sealed interlayer disk seeding apparatus is separated, interlayer The side place of keeping right is equipped with the fertile unit of storage, and to store the fertilizer conveyed by fertilizer box temporarily, the upper end of the fertile unit of storage is equipped with to fertilizer The opening of entrance, the lower end of the fertile unit of storage is connected with to discharge the fertilizer delivering pipe of fertilizer, and the fertilizer delivering pipe is the structure that is tilted to the left, To make fertilizer and seed holding 5-10cm distances, burn seedlings is prevented, the lower end of the fertilizer delivering pipe is beveling mouth structure, to prevent fertilizer Material is blocked;The fertilizer delivering pipe is equipped with to control the defeated fertile valve of dose with the fertile unit junction of storage;The fertile unit of storage Left side is equipped with water cell and is used to store the water source conveyed by water tank temporarily, and the upper end of water cell is equipped with what is entered to water source Opening, the lower end of water cell is connected with to discharge the water-supply-pipe of water, and the water-supply-pipe is disposed vertically, and the row of water-supply-pipe Moisture can be fed directly on seed and neighbouring soil by mouth of a river end close to sowing opening end 1-5cm, the water-supply-pipe and water storage The junction of unit is equipped with water-delivery valve, the size to control carrying capacity according to different crops;The water cell and storage Fertile unit is inclined funnel-shaped structure wide at the top and narrow at the bottom from top to bottom, in order to the material in water cell and the fertile unit of storage Fallen naturally by Action of Gravity Field;The upper end of the disk housing is equipped with container connector, and the upper end of container connector is put respectively There are kind case, water tank and the fertilizer box of square structure, being equipped between described kind of case, water tank and fertilizer box prevents the interval of mixing and damping Plate, described kind of case is located on front side of the upper end of container connector, and is connected by container connector with the disk opening of disk housing Logical, the water tank is located on rear side of the upper end of container connector the place that keeps left, and opening by container connector and water cell upper end Mouth is connected, water is delivered in water cell, and the fertilizer box is located on rear side of the upper end of container connector the place that keeps right, and leads to Container connector and the opening in communication of the fertile unit upper end of storage are crossed, fertilizer is delivered in the fertile unit of storage;The disk is broadcast Plant device to be fixedly connected with the big sprocket wheel rotary type on front side of it, big sprocket wheel is to drive disk seeding apparatus to rotate, the big chain The big sprocket wheel support base supported is equipped with the downside of wheel, the big sprocket wheel fixes the upper surface for being placed in transverse bar on front side of base; The big sprocket wheel is connected by driving-chain and minor sprocket, power is reached into big sprocket wheel, the minor sprocket by minor sprocket It is fixedly connected positioned at the front side of front-wheel and by front-wheel rotating shaft with front-wheel;It is equipped with to support small between the minor sprocket and front-wheel The minor sprocket fixed seat of sprocket wheel, the upside of the minor sprocket fixed seat and the front side transverse bar bolt connection of base, to fixation Minor sprocket fixed seat, the front-wheel includes fixing by disk connecting rod between front and rear two rosettes placed, rosette Connection, the disk connecting rod is uniformly distributed in the circumference edge of rosette, described to be fixedly connected with two rosettes The sleeve of hollow cylinder, diameter big 8-16mm of the internal diameter than disk connecting rod of the sleeve, the set are cased with disk connecting rod Short 4-8mm of the length than disk connecting rod of cylinder, sleeve can be around disk link rotatable, to make front-wheel muddy or other are severe Working environment under convenient move ahead;The trench digging hoe ditched, the trench digging are equipped with the downside of longitudinal rod in the middle of the base The upper end of hoe is fixedly connected with inside connecting rod, is cased with the outside of the inside connecting rod in outer sleeve, the upper end and base of the outer sleeve Between the longitudinal rod of longitudinal rod be fixedly connected, and outer sleeve and the movable connection of inside connecting rod, inside connecting rod can exist as needed Moved up and down in outer sleeve, to adjust the liftoff spacing of trench digging hoe, the depth that further adjustment is ditched, to meet plantation not The need for crop;The place of keeping left is fixedly equipped with soil scrapper on the downside of the base, and the ditch hoe of ditching to be opened is filled and led up, described to scrape It is equipped with to adjust the regulating bolt of soil scrapper angle on earthenware.
The leading flank of disk housing of the present invention is the demountable structure being bolted, to according to not of the same race The size of son, changes the disk seeding apparatus of different kinds of bank deposits groove sizes, realizes the water, fertilizer and seed mixed seeding of a tractor serves several purposes Function.
Fertilizer delivering pipe of the present invention is plastic hose, the angle of inclination of fertilizer delivering pipe can be freely adjusted, to according to institute Need the distance of fertilizer and seed to adjust the angle of inclination of fertilizer delivering pipe, realize that water, fertilizer and seed are sown into the spacing distance of underground, with Ensure germination safety.
Big sprocket wheel of the present invention and minor sprocket are Demountable, can be according to the distance more commutation of required sowing The big sprocket wheel and minor sprocket of gearratio are answered, so as to implement the adjustment at sowing interval, with the sowing suitable for different plants.
The application method of hand propelled automatic spacing mixed seeding device of the present invention is specifically carried out in accordance with the following steps:
(1) selection and regulation sowing parameter:
It is spaced according to the type and sowing of the crop seed of required sowing, selects the disk seeding apparatus of correspondingly-sized, will The leading flank of disk seeding apparatus from disk housing is put into disk housing, then by the rotating shaft being connected with disk housing fix into Enter in the hole in the middle of disk seeding apparatus, then the leading flank of disk housing is bolted;
(2) sowing interval is determined:
The sowing interval of sowing crop is first determined, the big sprocket wheel and chainlet of correspondingly-sized are then selected according to the distance of sowing Wheel, particular number relation is that the linear velocity V that minor sprocket is rotated is equal to the linear velocity V that big sprocket wheel is rotated, the angle speed that minor sprocket is rotated The angular speed R that R is equal to front-drive is spent, the angular speed R that big sprocket wheel is rotated is equal to the angular speed R that disk seeding apparatus is rotated, false If a diameter of r of disk seeding apparatus, the radius of front-wheel is r, and the radius of minor sprocket is r, and the radius of big sprocket wheel is r, then sows Being spaced L is:
The radius of the front-wheel be fixed value, by adjust minor sprocket radius r and big sprocket wheel radius for r ratio come It is determined that the adjustment at sowing interval;
(3) adjustment sowing interval:
Mode according to step (2) is calculated after the radius scale of minor sprocket and big sprocket wheel, is carried out according to the ratio small The replacing of sprocket wheel and big sprocket wheel, first pulls down and pulls down minor sprocket at big sprocket wheel, then the past wheel rotating shaft, and carry out correspondingly-sized more Change, replacing packages driving-chain after finishing, and adjusts the elasticity of driving-chain,
(4) ditching depth is adjusted:
Measurement trench digging hoe after the equipment, one segment distance of trench digging is first run in the case where not containing seed, fertilizer and water Hoe the fields depth, be adjusted further according to the depth of planting required for this kind of crop of sowing, the inside connecting rod in regulation outer sleeve it is upper Lower distance, to adjust the ground clearance of trench digging hoe, makes trench digging hoe reach required depth of hoing the fields, finally inside connecting rod is consolidated It is fixed;
(5) material is loaded:
The total amount of seed, is weighed further according to total amount needed for the area and the range estimation of sowing first sowed required for Corresponding seed simultaneously loads in kind of case, to prevent that directly excessive seed will be poured into kind of case, is calculated successively further according to above-mentioned method Go out corresponding water and fertilizer amount, and be respectively charged into water tank and fertilizer box;
(6) seeding operation is carried out:
First it is fixed after regulation push rod to suitable height by trailing wheel connecting rod, the distance further according to fertilizer and seed is adjusted The angle of fertilizer delivering pipe is saved to correct position, then adjusts water-delivery valve and defeated fertile valve applies water and dose to adjust, has been adjusted Promote handrail to carry out sowing work after finishing, after seed, fertilizer and water are used up, first close water-delivery valve and defeated fertile valve, then mend Seed, fertilizer and water are filled, after supplement is finished, water-delivery valve is opened and defeated fertile valve continues to sow work, complete seeding operation Afterwards, equipment out of service, water and fertilizer by water-delivery valve and defeated fertile valve discharged and collected, turn off water-delivery valve and Defeated fertile valve, then seed is taken out out of kind of case, realize automatic spacing mixed seeding.
The present invention compared with prior art, uproot ditch, scraping, sow, water and topdress one, and main functionality is powerful by collection, It can be realized by the cooperation of big sprocket wheel and minor sprocket and freely adjust sowing interval, it is flexible and convenient to use, while can freely adjust Section ditching depth disclosure satisfy that the demand of Different Crop, various sizes of disk seeding apparatus can be changed, to the kind of crops Class is applied widely, and the water-delivery valve of water delivery speed can be controlled and can control defeated fertile speed by being equipped with respectively on water-supply-pipe and fertilizer delivering pipe Defeated fertile valve, it is flexible and convenient to use, it is easy to regulation to apply water and dose, type of seeding sowing effect is good, practical, application Environment is good, wide market.
Brief description of the drawings:
Fig. 1 is agent structure principle schematic of the invention.
Fig. 2 is the internal structure principle schematic on front side of disk housing of the present invention.
Fig. 3 is the internal structure principle schematic on rear side of disk housing of the present invention.
Embodiment:
Below by embodiment and the invention will be further described with reference to accompanying drawing.
Embodiment 1:
The agent structure for the hand propelled automatic spacing mixed seeding device that the present embodiment is related to includes:Handrail 1, disk housing 2nd, case 3, water tank 4, fertilizer box 5, container connector 6, big sprocket wheel 7, disk fixed seat 8, inside connecting rod 9, disk connecting rod 10, sleeve are planted 11st, front-wheel 12, base 13, minor sprocket fixed seat 14, front-wheel rotating shaft 15, minor sprocket 16, driving-chain 17, outer sleeve 18, trench digging hoe 19th, soil scrapper 20, big sprocket wheel support base 21, trailing wheel 22, trailing wheel connecting rod 23, push rod 24, regulating bolt 25, sowing opening 26, disk Seeding apparatus 27, water-supply-pipe 28, fertilizer delivering pipe 29, water cell 30, the fertile unit 31 of storage, water-delivery valve 32, defeated fertile valve 33, kinds of bank deposits Groove 34 and disk opening 35;The cylindrical handle 1 of soft material clad type is symmetrically fixedly connected with the upper end of push rod 24, the handrail 1 to promote seeding apparatus to retreat;The lower end of the push rod 24 is fixedly connected with the bolt arrangement of trailing wheel connecting rod 23, is pushed away to adjust The height of bar 24;The trailing wheel connecting rod 23 is separately fixed at the left end of base 13, and the brace type of trailing wheel connecting rod 23 connects with trailing wheel 22 Connect, form rotational structure;The trailing wheel 22 is rubber Solid wheel structure, to be compacted the soil that trench digging hoe 19 has been uprooted;It is described Base 13 is the day font frame structure being welded by the square hollow of stainless steel, the bottom of this day font frame structure Seat 13 includes front and rear three longitudinal rods between two transverse bars and two transverse bars, and the upper left-hand of the base 13 is equipped with circle Disk housing 2, disk housing 2 is fixedly connected with the disk fixed seat 8 of the left and right sides respectively, and the disk fixed seat 8 is tabular Structure, disk fixed seat 8 is fixedly connected with the longitudinal rod bolt type on base 13, to realize the fixation of disk housing 2;The circle Disk housing 2 is front and rear double-decker, and the downside front of disk housing 2 is provided with sowing opening 26, the upside front of disk housing 2 It is provided with disk opening 35, the front layer of disk housing 2 is built-in with disk seeding apparatus 27, the disk seeding apparatus 27 is along outer edge Place is evenly distributed with four kinds of bank deposits grooves 34, to store 1-10 seeds, and by the rotary type of disk seeding apparatus 27 by kinds of bank deposits Seed in groove 34 is delivered at sowing opening 26, and falls in the ditch that trench digging hoe 19 is dug out to complete to broadcast by sowing opening 26 Kind;The sowing opening 26 is located at the downside front of disk housing 2;It is equipped with the bosom of disk housing 2 to circle The place of keeping right is equipped with the fertile unit 31 of storage on rear side of the sealed interlayer that disk seeding apparatus 27 is separated, interlayer, to store by fertilizer temporarily The fertilizer that case 5 is conveyed, the upper end of the fertile unit 31 of storage is equipped with the opening entered to fertilizer, and the lower end of the fertile unit 31 of storage is connected with use To discharge the fertilizer delivering pipe 29 of fertilizer, the fertilizer delivering pipe 29 is the structure that is tilted to the left, to make fertilizer and seed keep 5-10cm away from From preventing burn seedlings, the lower end of the fertilizer delivering pipe 29 is beveling mouth structure, to prevent fertilizer from blocking;The fertilizer delivering pipe 29 and storage fertilizer The junction of unit 31 is equipped with to control the defeated fertile valve 33 of dose;The left side of the fertile unit 31 of storage is equipped with water cell 30 To store the water source conveyed by water tank 4 temporarily, the upper end of water cell 30 is equipped with the opening entered to water source, water cell 30 lower end is connected with to discharge the water-supply-pipe 28 of water, and the water-supply-pipe is disposed vertically, and the discharge outlet end of water-supply-pipe 28 Close to the end 1-5cm of sowing opening 26, moisture can be fed directly on seed and neighbouring soil, the water-supply-pipe 28 and water storage list The junction of member 30 is equipped with water-delivery valve 32, the size to control carrying capacity according to different crops;The water cell 30 It is inclined funnel-shaped structure wide at the top and narrow at the bottom from top to bottom with the fertile unit 31 of storage, in order to water cell 30 and the fertile unit of storage Material in 31 is fallen naturally by Action of Gravity Field;The upper end of the disk housing 2 is equipped with container connector 6, container connector 6 Upper end be equipped with the kind case 3, water tank 4 and fertilizer box 5 of square structure respectively, being equipped between described kind of case 3, water tank 4 and fertilizer box 5 prevents The space bar of mixing and damping, described kind of case 3 is located on front side of the upper end of container connector 6, and passes through container connector 6 and disk The disk opening 35 of housing 2 is connected, and the water tank 4 is located on rear side of the upper end of container connector 6 place that keeps left, and is connected by container Junctor 6 and the opening in communication of the upper end of water cell 30, water is delivered in water cell 30, the fertilizer box 5, which is located at, to be held Keep right place on rear side of the upper end of device connector 6, and by the opening in communication of the fertile upper end of unit 31 of container connector 6 and storage, is used to Fertilizer is delivered in the fertile unit 31 of storage;The disk seeding apparatus 27 is fixedly connected with the rotary type of big sprocket wheel 7 on front side of it, greatly Sprocket wheel 7 is to drive disk seeding apparatus 27 to rotate, and the downside of the big sprocket wheel 7 is equipped with the big sprocket wheel support base supported 21, the big sprocket wheel 7 fixes the upper surface for being placed in the front side transverse bar of base 13;The big sprocket wheel 7 passes through driving-chain 17 and chainlet Wheel 16 is connected, and power is reached into big sprocket wheel 7 by minor sprocket 16, the minor sprocket 16 is located at the front side of front-wheel 12 and led to Front-wheel rotating shaft 15 is crossed to be fixedly connected with front-wheel 12;It is equipped with to support the small of minor sprocket 16 between the minor sprocket 16 and front-wheel 12 Sprocket wheel fixed seat 14, the upside of the minor sprocket fixed seat 14 and the front side transverse bar bolt connection of base 13 are small to fixation Sprocket wheel fixed seat 14, the front-wheel 12 includes passing through disk connecting rod 10 between front and rear two rosettes placed, rosette It is fixedly connected, the disk connecting rod 10 is uniformly distributed in the circumference edge of rosette, to be fixedly connected with two round metals The sleeve 11 of hollow cylinder, diameter of the internal diameter than disk connecting rod 10 of the sleeve 11 are cased with disk, the disk connecting rod 10 Big 8-16mm, short 4-8mm of the length than disk connecting rod 10 of the sleeve 11, sleeve 11 can be rotated around disk connecting rod 10, be used Moved ahead so that front-wheel 12 is convenient under muddy or other severe working environments;The lower side of longitudinal rod in the middle of the base 13 There is the trench digging hoe 19 ditched, the upper end of the trench digging hoe 19 is fixedly connected with inside connecting rod 9, the outer sheath of the inside connecting rod 9 The longitudinal rod for having the longitudinal rod in the middle of outer sleeve 18, the upper end of the outer sleeve 18 and base 13 is fixedly connected, and outer sleeve 18 with the movable connection of inside connecting rod 9, inside connecting rod 9 can be moved up and down in outer sleeve 18 as needed, to adjust trench digging The depth of the liftoff spacing of hoe 19, further adjustment trench digging, the need for meeting growing different crops;The downside of the base 13 The place of keeping left is fixedly equipped with soil scrapper 20, and the ditch hoe 19 of ditching to be opened is filled and led up, and is equipped with to adjust on the soil scrapper 20 and is scraped The regulating bolt 25 of the angle of earthenware 20.
The leading flank of disk housing 2 described in the present embodiment is the demountable structure being bolted, to according to not With the size of seed, the disk seeding apparatus 27 of the different sizes of kinds of bank deposits groove 34 is changed, realizes that the water, fertilizer and seed of a tractor serves several purposes are mixed Close the function of sowing.
Fertilizer delivering pipe 29 described in the present embodiment is plastic hose, can freely adjust the angle of inclination of fertilizer delivering pipe 29, be used to The angle of inclination of fertilizer delivering pipe 29 is adjusted according to the distance of required fertilizer and seed, realizes that water, fertilizer and seed are sown between underground Gauge is to ensure germination safety.
Big sprocket wheel 7 and minor sprocket 16 described in the present embodiment are Demountable, can be according to the distance of required sowing The big sprocket wheel 7 and minor sprocket 16 of corresponding gearratio are changed, so as to implement the adjustment at sowing interval, with broadcasting suitable for different plants Kind.
The application method of hand propelled automatic spacing mixed seeding device of the present invention is specifically carried out in accordance with the following steps:
(1) selection and regulation sowing parameter:
It is spaced according to the type and sowing of the crop seed of required sowing, selects the disk seeding apparatus 27 of correspondingly-sized, The leading flank of disk seeding apparatus 27 from disk housing 2 is put into disk housing 2, then by be connected with disk housing 2 turn Axle is secured into the hole in the middle of disk seeding apparatus 27, then the leading flank of disk housing 2 is bolted;
(2) sowing interval is determined:
The sowing interval of sowing crop is first determined, the big sprocket wheel 7 of correspondingly-sized is then selected and small according to the distance of sowing Sprocket wheel 16, particular number relation is the linear velocity V that minor sprocket 16 is rotated1The linear velocity V rotated equal to big sprocket wheel 172, minor sprocket 16 The angular speed R of rotation1The angular speed R rotated equal to front-wheel 123, the angular speed R that big sprocket wheel 17 is rotated2Equal to disk seeding apparatus The 27 angular speed R rotated4, it is assumed that a diameter of r of disk seeding apparatus 274, the radius of front-wheel 12 is r3, the radius of minor sprocket 16 For r1, the radius of big sprocket wheel 17 is r2, then sowing interval L is:
The radius of the front-wheel 12 is fixed value, by the radius r for adjusting minor sprocket 161Radius with big sprocket wheel 17 is r2 Ratio come determine sowing interval adjustment;
(3) adjustment sowing interval:
Mode according to step (2) is calculated after the radius scale of minor sprocket 16 and big sprocket wheel 17, is entered according to the ratio The replacing of row minor sprocket 16 and big sprocket wheel 17, first pulls down and pulls down minor sprocket 16 at big sprocket wheel 17, then the past wheel rotating shaft 15, and carry out The replacing of correspondingly-sized, replacing packages driving-chain 17 after finishing, and adjusts the elasticity of driving-chain 17,
(4) ditching depth is adjusted:
Measurement trench digging hoe 19 after the equipment, one segment distance of trench digging is first run in the case where not containing seed, fertilizer and water Depth of hoing the fields, further according to sowing this kind of crop required for depth of planting be adjusted, regulation outer sleeve 18 in inside connecting rod 9 Distance up and down, to adjust the ground clearance of trench digging hoe 19, trench digging is uprooted 19 and reach required depth of hoing the fields, finally to inside connecting rod 9 are fixed;
(5) material is loaded:
The total amount of seed, is weighed further according to total amount needed for the area and the range estimation of sowing first sowed required for Corresponding seed simultaneously loads in kind of case 3, to prevent that directly excessive seed will be poured into kind of case 3, is counted successively further according to above-mentioned method Corresponding water and fertilizer amount are calculated, and is respectively charged into water tank 4 and fertilizer box 5;
(6) seeding operation is carried out:
First be fixed after regulation push rod 24 to suitable height by trailing wheel connecting rod 23, further according to fertilizer and seed away from From regulation fertilizer delivering pipe 29 angle to correct position, then adjust water-delivery valve 32 and defeated fertile valve 33 applies water and fertilising to adjust Amount, regulation promotes handrail 1 to carry out sowing work after finishing, after seed, fertilizer and water are used up, and first closes water-delivery valve 32 and defeated Fertile valve 33, is supplemented seed, fertilizer and water, after supplement is finished, and opens water-delivery valve 32 and defeated fertile valve 33 continues to sow work Make, after seeding operation is completed, the equipment out of service is discharged water and fertilizer simultaneously by water-delivery valve 32 and defeated fertile valve 33 Collect, turn off water-delivery valve 32 and defeated fertile valve 33, then seed is taken out out of kind of case 3, realize automatic spacing mixed seeding.

Claims (1)

1. a kind of hand propelled automatic spacing mixed seeding device, its agent structure includes:Handrail, disk housing, plant case, water tank, Fertilizer box, container connector, big sprocket wheel, disk fixed seat, inside connecting rod, disk connecting rod, sleeve, front-wheel, base, minor sprocket are fixed Seat, front-wheel rotating shaft, minor sprocket, driving-chain, outer sleeve, trench digging hoe, soil scrapper, big sprocket wheel support base, trailing wheel, trailing wheel connecting rod, push away Bar, regulating bolt, sowing opening, disk seeding apparatus, water-supply-pipe, fertilizer delivering pipe, water cell, the fertile unit of storage, water-delivery valve, defeated fertilizer Valve, kinds of bank deposits groove and disk opening;The cylindrical handle of soft material clad type is symmetrically fixedly connected with the upper end of push rod, described to help Hand is to promote seeding apparatus to retreat;The lower end of the push rod is fixedly connected with trailing wheel connecting-rod bolts structure, to adjust push rod Just;The trailing wheel connecting rod is separately fixed at the left end of base, and the trailing wheel link supports formula is connected with trailing wheel, is formed and rotates knot Structure;The trailing wheel is rubber Solid wheel structure, to be compacted the soil that trench digging has been uprooted;The base is by stainless steel The day font frame structure that is welded of square hollow, the base of this day font frame structure includes front and rear two transverse bars Three longitudinal rods between two transverse bars, the upper left-hand of the base is equipped with disk housing, disk housing respectively with a left side The disk fixed seat of right both sides is fixedly connected, and the disk fixed seat is plate-like structure, disk fixed seat and indulging on base It is fixedly connected to bar bolt type, to realize the fixation of disk housing;The disk housing is front and rear double-decker, disk housing Downside front is provided with sowing opening, and the upside front of disk housing is provided with disk opening, and the front layer of disk housing is built-in with circle Disk seeding apparatus, the disk seeding apparatus is evenly distributed with four kinds of bank deposits grooves along outer edge, to store-grain seed, and The seed in kinds of bank deposits groove is delivered at sowing opening by disk seeding apparatus rotary type, and trench digging hoe is fallen to by sowing opening To complete to sow in the ditch that digs out;The sowing opening is located at the downside front of disk housing;In the middle of the disk enclosure interior Place is equipped with the place of keeping right on rear side of the sealed interlayer disk seeding apparatus is separated, interlayer and is equipped with the fertile unit of storage, to face When store the fertilizer that is conveyed by fertilizer box, the upper end of the fertile unit of storage is equipped with the opening entered to fertilizer, and the lower end of the fertile unit of storage connects It is connected to discharge the fertilizer delivering pipe of fertilizer, the fertilizer delivering pipe is the structure that is tilted to the left, 5-10cm is kept to make fertilizer with seed Distance, prevents burn seedlings, the lower end of the fertilizer delivering pipe is beveling mouth structure, to prevent fertilizer from blocking;The fertilizer delivering pipe and storage fertilizer are single First junction is equipped with to control the defeated fertile valve of dose;Water cell is equipped with to interim storage on the left of the fertile unit of storage The water source conveyed by water tank is deposited, the upper end of water cell is equipped with the opening entered to water source, and the lower end of water cell is connected with Water-supply-pipe to discharge water, the water-supply-pipe is disposed vertically, and water-supply-pipe discharge outlet end close to sowing opening end 1-5cm, Moisture can be fed directly on seed and neighbouring soil, the junction of the water-supply-pipe and water cell is equipped with delivery valve Door, the size to control carrying capacity according to different crops;The fertile unit of the water cell and storage is to tilt from top to bottom Funnel-shaped structure wide at the top and narrow at the bottom, in order to which the material in water cell and the fertile unit of storage is fallen naturally by Action of Gravity Field; The upper end of the disk housing is equipped with container connector, and the upper end of container connector is equipped with kind case, the water tank of square structure respectively And fertilizer box, being equipped between described kind of case, water tank and fertilizer box prevents the space bar of mixing and damping, and described kind of case is connected positioned at container On front side of the upper end of body, and by container connector and the disk opening in communication of disk housing, the water tank is connected positioned at container Keep left place on rear side of the upper end of body, and by container connector and the opening in communication of water cell upper end, water to be delivered to In water cell, the fertilizer box is located on rear side of the upper end of container connector the place that keeps right, and passes through the fertile unit of container connector and storage The opening in communication of upper end, fertilizer is delivered in the fertile unit of storage;The disk seeding apparatus and the big sprocket wheel on front side of it Rotary type is fixedly connected, and big sprocket wheel is equipped with what is supported to drive disk seeding apparatus to rotate on the downside of the big sprocket wheel Big sprocket wheel support base, the big sprocket wheel fixes the upper surface for being placed in transverse bar on front side of base;The big sprocket wheel by driving-chain with Minor sprocket is connected, and power is reached into big sprocket wheel by minor sprocket, the minor sprocket is located at the front side of front-wheel and by preceding Wheel rotating shaft is fixedly connected with front-wheel;It is equipped with to support the minor sprocket fixed seat of minor sprocket, institute between the minor sprocket and front-wheel The upside of minor sprocket fixed seat and the front side transverse bar bolt connection of base are stated, to fixed minor sprocket fixed seat, the front-wheel It is fixedly connected between two rosettes including front and rear placement, rosette by disk connecting rod, the disk connecting rod is uniform The circumference edge of rosette is distributed in, open circles are cased with to be fixedly connected on two rosettes, the disk connecting rod The sleeve of cylindricality, diameter big 8-16mm of the internal diameter than disk connecting rod of the sleeve, the length of the sleeve is than disk connecting rod Short 4-8mm, sleeve can be around disk link rotatable, to make front-wheel under muddy or other severe working environments before convenience OK;The trench digging hoe ditched is equipped with the downside of longitudinal rod in the middle of the base, the upper end of the trench digging hoe is consolidated with inside connecting rod The longitudinal rod for the longitudinal rod being cased with the outside of fixed connection, the inside connecting rod in the middle of outer sleeve, the upper end of the outer sleeve and base It is fixedly connected, and outer sleeve and the movable connection of inside connecting rod, inside connecting rod can be moved down in outer sleeve in progress as needed It is dynamic, to adjust the liftoff spacing of trench digging hoe, the depth of trench digging is further adjusted, the need for meeting growing different crops;It is described The place of keeping left is fixedly equipped with soil scrapper on the downside of base, and the ditch hoe of ditching to be opened is filled and led up, and is equipped with to adjust on the soil scrapper The regulating bolt of soil scrapper angle is saved, the leading flank of described disk housing is the demountable structure being bolted, and is used to According to the size of different seeds, the disk seeding apparatus of different kinds of bank deposits groove sizes is changed, the water, fertilizer and seed of a tractor serves several purposes is realized The function of mixed seeding;The fertilizer delivering pipe is plastic hose, can freely adjust the angle of inclination of fertilizer delivering pipe, to according to required The distance of fertilizer and seed adjusts the angle of inclination of fertilizer delivering pipe, realizes that water, fertilizer and seed are sown into the spacing distance of underground, to protect Demonstrate,prove germination safety;The big sprocket wheel and minor sprocket are Demountable, can be according to the distance more commutation of required sowing The big sprocket wheel and minor sprocket of gearratio are answered, so as to implement the adjustment at sowing interval, with the sowing suitable for different plants, its feature It is that the device realizes that the concrete technology of automatic spacing mixed seeding comprises the following steps:
(1) selection and regulation sowing parameter:
It is spaced according to the type and sowing of the crop seed of required sowing, the disk seeding apparatus of correspondingly-sized is selected, by disk The leading flank of seeding apparatus from disk housing is put into disk housing, then the rotating shaft being connected with disk housing is secured into circle In hole in the middle of disk seeding apparatus, then the leading flank of disk housing is bolted;
(2) sowing interval is determined:
The sowing interval of sowing crop is first determined, the big sprocket wheel and minor sprocket of correspondingly-sized are then selected according to the distance of sowing, Particular number relation is that the linear velocity V that minor sprocket is rotated is equal to the linear velocity V that big sprocket wheel is rotated, the angular speed R that minor sprocket is rotated It is equal to the angular speed R that disk seeding apparatus is rotated equal to the angular speed R of front-drive, the angular speed R that big sprocket wheel is rotated, it is assumed that circle A diameter of r of disk seeding apparatus, the radius of front-wheel is r, and the radius of minor sprocket is r, and the radius of big sprocket wheel is r, then sowing interval L For:
<mrow> <mi>L</mi> <mo>=</mo> <mfrac> <mrow> <mi>&amp;pi;</mi> <mo>&amp;times;</mo> <msub> <mi>r</mi> <mn>2</mn> </msub> <mo>&amp;times;</mo> <msub> <mi>r</mi> <mn>3</mn> </msub> </mrow> <mrow> <mn>2</mn> <mo>&amp;times;</mo> <msub> <mi>r</mi> <mn>1</mn> </msub> </mrow> </mfrac> <mo>-</mo> <mo>-</mo> <mo>-</mo> <mrow> <mo>(</mo> <mn>1</mn> <mo>)</mo> </mrow> </mrow>
The radius of the front-wheel is fixed value, is determined by adjusting the radius r of minor sprocket and the radius of big sprocket wheel for r ratio Sow the adjustment at interval;
(3) adjustment sowing interval:
Mode according to step (2) is calculated after the radius scale of minor sprocket and big sprocket wheel, and minor sprocket is carried out according to the ratio With the replacing of big sprocket wheel, first pull down and pull down minor sprocket at big sprocket wheel, then the past wheel rotating shaft, and carry out the replacing of correspondingly-sized, more Change after finishing and to package driving-chain, and adjust the elasticity of driving-chain,
(4) ditching depth is adjusted:
Hoing the fields for trench digging hoe is measured after the equipment, one segment distance of trench digging are first run in the case where not containing seed, fertilizer and water Depth, further according to sowing this kind of crop required for depth of planting be adjusted, regulation outer sleeve in inside connecting rod up and down away from From to adjust the ground clearance of trench digging hoe, making trench digging hoe reach required depth of hoing the fields, finally inside connecting rod be fixed;
(5) material is loaded:
The total amount of seed, correspondence is weighed further according to total amount needed for the area and the range estimation of sowing first sowed required for Seed and load in kind of case, to prevent that directly excessive seed will be poured into kind of case, calculated successively pair further according to above-mentioned method The water and fertilizer amount answered, and it is respectively charged into water tank and fertilizer box;
(6) seeding operation is carried out:
First it is fixed after regulation push rod to suitable height by trailing wheel connecting rod, the distance regulation further according to fertilizer and seed is defeated The angle of fertile pipe is to correct position, then adjusts water-delivery valve and defeated fertile valve applies water and dose to adjust, after regulation is finished Promote handrail to carry out sowing work, after seed, fertilizer and water are used up, first close water-delivery valve and defeated fertile valve, be supplemented planting Son, fertilizer and water, after supplement is finished, open water-delivery valve and defeated fertile valve continue to sow work, after seeding operation is completed, stop The equipment is only run, water and fertilizer are discharged and collected by water-delivery valve and defeated fertile valve, water-delivery valve and defeated fertilizer is turned off Valve, then seed is taken out out of kind of case, realize automatic spacing mixed seeding.
CN201710459629.6A 2017-06-16 2017-06-16 A kind of hand propelled automatic spacing mixed seeding device and its application method Expired - Fee Related CN107079638B (en)

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CN108093772A (en) * 2017-12-24 2018-06-01 玉林市玉州区万通华信科技服务部 A kind of seeding apparatus
CN108271471A (en) * 2018-05-09 2018-07-13 青岛洪珠农业机械有限公司 A kind of self-propelled potato Mini-seeder
CN111108863A (en) * 2020-02-03 2020-05-08 江西天稻粮安种业有限公司 Seeder with fertilizer supplementing function
CN112292990A (en) * 2020-11-04 2021-02-02 董小铃 Inter-planting type forage grass sowing machine and sowing method
CN114600593A (en) * 2022-03-03 2022-06-10 何荣发 Rice is cultivated and uses seeder
CN116698468A (en) * 2023-08-03 2023-09-05 北京市农林科学院智能装备技术研究中心 Seeding and fertilizing quality detection device and detection method

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN108093772A (en) * 2017-12-24 2018-06-01 玉林市玉州区万通华信科技服务部 A kind of seeding apparatus
CN108271471A (en) * 2018-05-09 2018-07-13 青岛洪珠农业机械有限公司 A kind of self-propelled potato Mini-seeder
CN111108863A (en) * 2020-02-03 2020-05-08 江西天稻粮安种业有限公司 Seeder with fertilizer supplementing function
CN112292990A (en) * 2020-11-04 2021-02-02 董小铃 Inter-planting type forage grass sowing machine and sowing method
CN112292990B (en) * 2020-11-04 2022-01-07 张林田 Inter-planting type forage grass sowing machine and sowing method
CN114600593A (en) * 2022-03-03 2022-06-10 何荣发 Rice is cultivated and uses seeder
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CN116698468A (en) * 2023-08-03 2023-09-05 北京市农林科学院智能装备技术研究中心 Seeding and fertilizing quality detection device and detection method
CN116698468B (en) * 2023-08-03 2023-12-05 北京市农林科学院智能装备技术研究中心 Seeding and fertilizing quality detection device and detection method

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