CN206042785U - A kind of wide-and narrow-row sugarcane planting machine - Google Patents

A kind of wide-and narrow-row sugarcane planting machine Download PDF

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Publication number
CN206042785U
CN206042785U CN201621078778.5U CN201621078778U CN206042785U CN 206042785 U CN206042785 U CN 206042785U CN 201621078778 U CN201621078778 U CN 201621078778U CN 206042785 U CN206042785 U CN 206042785U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
sugarcane
platform
cut
seeding board
framework platform
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Expired - Fee Related
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CN201621078778.5U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
韦锦然
周鸿�
赖常贵
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Guangxi Rifeng Machinery Equipment Co Ltd
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Guangxi Rifeng Machinery Equipment Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201621078778.5U priority Critical patent/CN206042785U/en
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Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current
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Abstract

The utility model discloses a kind of wide-and narrow-row sugarcane planting machine,Including framework platform、Carry sugarcane platform、Water furrow planting device、Land wheel apparatus、Fertilising hopper、Ridging disk、Pressing roller and cut sugarcane case,The load sugarcane platform is connected to the top of framework platform,The vertically-mounted water furrow planting device below the front end of framework platform,On framework platform and installation is bolted below the middle part for carrying sugarcane platform cut sugarcane case,The sugarcane kind passage in the middle part of sugarcane platform is being carried cutting to be provided with to protrude upward directly over sugarcane case,Bracing frame is horizontally installed with the rear end of framework platform,Fertilising hopper is installed on the bracing frame,It is provided with two support beams for dipping down in framework platform afterbody,Pressing roller and ridging disk are installed between the end of framework platform afterbody and two downward-sloping support beams successively,The land wheel apparatus are arranged on the both sides below framework platform by connecting shaft.This utility model can realize ditching, apply fertilizer, cut kind, sow, earth up and suppress a complete set of operation of whole cane planting.

Description

A kind of wide-and narrow-row sugarcane planting machine
Technical field
This utility model is related to agricultural planting machinery technical field, more particularly to a kind of wide-and narrow-row sugarcane planting machine.
Background technology
Caulis Sacchari sinensis are the main sugaring crops of China, and large-area cane planting is one of China's Major agro-industry.However, The production plantation of Caulis Sacchari sinensis is again a labour-intensive operation, and traditional operation is manual work to results from plantation, especially It is the plantation of Caulis Sacchari sinensis, labor intensity is very big, needs substantial amounts of labour force.As the quantity of rural area migrant worker increases year by year Many, annual one arrives cane planting season, it is difficult to finding labour force carries out cane planting.In Guangxi, the planting area of Caulis Sacchari sinensis mostly is You is compared badly in hillside, hills, working condition, brings great difficulty to cane planting, peasant's kind that this just dampens significantly The enthusiasm of Caulis Sacchari sinensis is planted, the development of production is seriously hindered;Analyze according to statistics, the plantation labor cost of China Caulis Sacchari sinensis is up to 110~150 yuan/ton, and also can be as labour force is rare and value of labour power raising is also continuously increased in recent years.And it is external Picture Australia, the sugar industry big country such as Brazil because mechanization degree it is high, the labor cost of Caulis Sacchari sinensis only have 40~60 yuan/ Ton, therefore, sugarcane mechanization production is the important technology index for improving sugarcane production benefit and the level of production, and sugarcane mechanization is The crucial important means for promoting traditional plant development to change to modern production mode, is to raise labour productivity and Land Units The key factor of area production value.At present, the sugarcane planting machine on market is typically mounted on four-wheel tractor and is hung Operation, by position adjustments in frame, amplitude of accommodation scope is 900m to 1200mm to the sowing line-spacing of wide row cane planting, and wide Row sugarcane planting machine is planted with block operation smaller, and wide row with less adapting to south China mountain area and knob gentle slope When, tractor easily lumps in front compacting mud ground, the soil ditched out, and earth surfaces are uneven, and plants inconvenient, Also be inconvenient to manage, so as to increased planting cost.
Utility model content
The purpose of this utility model is to provide a kind of wide-and narrow-row sugarcane planting machine, according to cane planting of the present utility model The a complete set of operation of the whole cane plantings such as machine can realize ditching, apply fertilizer, cut kind, sowing, ridging, suppression, its Stability Analysis of Structures are grasped Make simple, easy to use, low cost, assembling are easy to maintenance, and the technical solution adopted in the utility model is as follows:
According to one side of the present utility model, there is provided a kind of wide-and narrow-row sugarcane planting machine, including framework platform, load sugarcane Platform, water furrow planting device, land wheel apparatus, fertilising hopper, ridging and cut sugarcane case at disk, pressing roller, and the load sugarcane platform is connected to machine The top of body panel, the vertically-mounted water furrow planting device below the front end of framework platform, on the framework platform and position It is bolted below the middle part for carrying sugarcane platform described in installation and cuts sugarcane case, is carrying cutting Sugarcane kind passage in the middle part of sugarcane platform, the sugarcane kind passage extend downward the water furrow planting device by cutting sugarcane case, in the machine The rear end of body panel is horizontally installed with bracing frame, and the fertilising hopper is installed on the bracing frame, in the framework platform afterbody It is provided with two support beams for dipping down, between the end of framework platform afterbody and two downward-sloping support beams successively The pressing roller and ridging disk are installed, the land wheel apparatus are arranged on the both sides below the framework platform, institute by connecting shaft State connecting shaft to be connected with the sugarcane case of cutting, be provided with for connecting the ear mount of tractor in framework platform front end.
Preferably, it is described cut be respectively arranged with sugarcane case before cut sugarcane roller and after cut sugarcane roller, it is described before cut sugarcane roller and after cut sugarcane Roller is fixed by bearing and is installed in parallel in and cuts in sugarcane case, it is described before cut sugarcane roller output shaft and after cut the output shaft of sugarcane roller and pass through tooth Wheel is connected by meshing transmission, it is described before cut the output shaft of sugarcane roller and be connected by first chain and the connecting shaft, it is described Connecting shaft is arranged on the both sides below the framework platform by bearing, when the land wheel apparatus drive the connecting shaft to rotate, The connecting shaft cuts sugarcane roller after passing through described in the first chain drive, the outlet of the fertilising hopper is provided with helical feed roller and applies Fertile conduit, the output shaft of the helical feed roller with it is described after cut the output shaft of sugarcane roller and be connected by the second chain drive, it is described One end of fertilizing tube is connected with the discharging opening of the fertilising hopper, the other end of the fertilizing tube and the water furrow planting device It is flexible coupling.
Preferably, the land wheel apparatus include land wheel, the first adjusting rod, the second adjusting rod and tightener sprocket, the land wheel The both sides at middle part below framework platform are arranged on by connecting shaft, ground wheel sprocket, the land wheel are additionally provided with the connecting shaft Sprocket wheel is connected with the sugarcane case of cutting by the first chain, and the tightener sprocket is arranged and cut under sugarcane roller rear end in the rear Side, the tightener sprocket engaged with first chain, under one end of first adjusting rod and the framework platform front end Side rotates connection, and one end of second adjusting rod is connected with the rotated down of the framework platform afterbody, and described first is adjusted The other end of the other end of bar and second adjusting rod is rotated by bolt and is connected, and first adjusting rod is near the one of bolt Side is also connected with the upper surface of the connecting shaft.
Preferably, multiple in the spacing hole being arranged above and below, first adjusting rod is offered on second adjusting rod The other end be arranged on the spacing hole of second adjusting rod by bolt, and the distance between adjacent spacing hole is 20mm ~30mm.
Preferably, the ridging disk is arranged on the lower section on the outside of two support beams for dipping down, institute by hanger bar State and on the outside of ridging disk center, be installed with the disk harrow bearing seat with bearing, one end of the hanger bar is solid with the support beam Fixed to connect, the other end of the hanger bar is connected with the disk harrow bearing seat with bearing.
Preferably, the ridging disk horizontal diameter is obliquely installed outwardly along direction of advance.
Preferably, the water furrow planting device include colter, support column, the first outside seeding board, the second outside seeding board, One inner side seeding board and the second inner side seeding board, the front end of the colter is the plough point for being suitable for implantation into soil, after the plough point End is opened and extends two support arms being in the shape of the letter V, the support column be connected to below the front end for carrying sugarcane platform with after the plough point Between end is opened, on the inside of the end of two braces respectively vertically on fix the lower end of first outside seeding board With the lower end of the second outside seeding board, between the front side of the first outside seeding board upper end and the front side of the second outside seeding board Connected by first baffle, the centre position of the first baffle is connected near the one end for carrying sugarcane platform with the support column, The outside difference of two support arms vertically goes up lower end and the second inner side seeding that plate is planted on the inside of hard-wired first row The lower end connection of plate, by the between the front side of the first inner side seeding board upper end and the front side of the second inner side seeding board upper end Two baffle plates connect.
Preferably, the water that the upper end-face edge of the upper end-face edge of first outside seeding board and the second outside seeding board is located Horizontal plane of the plane higher than the upper end-face edge place of the upper end-face edge and the second inner side seeding board of first inner side seeding board, Between the upper end-face edge of the upper end-face edge of first inner side seeding board and the second inner side seeding board, also bridging has dividing for inverted v-shaped Plate, and the top of this point of kind plate are planted less than the upper end of the upper end-face edge and the second outside seeding board of first outside seeding board The elevation of water that edge is located.
Preferably, the water furrow planting device also includes support bar, and the support bar is connected to the first outside seeding board and the Between the rear end of two outside seeding boards, and the support bar is also cross first inner side seeding board and the second inner side seeding board Between rear end.
Preferably, the front end outer side in first outside seeding board is provided with and opens the first group of mud ear for extending backward Plate, in second outside, the front end outer side of seeding board is provided with and opens the second group of mud otic placode for extending backward.
The above-mentioned technical proposal that this utility model is adopted, with following remarkable result:
(1), the new wide-and narrow-row cane planting function of this practicality is carried out earthing up after realizing seeding, suppresses operation, disposable complete Into ditching, apply fertilizer, cut kind, sowing, ridging, a complete set of operation of the whole cane planting such as suppression, high degree of automation substantially reduces Hand labor intensity, improves work efficiency, reduces the cost of cane planting.
(2), the new wide-and narrow-row sugarcane planting machine of this practicality can carry out width line mode and carry out production management, can While fertilising and plantation, substantially increase the efficiency of plantation while loosening the soil, labor intensity is reduced, it is time-consuming, it is convenient to manage, Yield and sugared part can be improved, increases economic benefit.
Description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is a kind of structural representation of wide-and narrow-row sugarcane planting machine of the present utility model.
Fig. 2 is land wheel apparatus annexation schematic diagram of the present utility model.
Fig. 3 is the first adjusting rod of the present utility model and the second adjusting rod annexation schematic diagram.
Fig. 4 is the structural representation of water furrow planting device of the present utility model.
Fig. 5 is the side view of water furrow planting device of the present utility model.
Fig. 6 is colter structural representation of the present utility model;
Fig. 7 is sugarcane kind channel design schematic diagram of the present utility model;
In accompanying drawing, 1- framework platforms, 2- carry sugarcane platform, 3- water furrow planting devices, 4- land wheel apparatus, 5- fertilising hoppers, 6- trainings Native disk, 6a- hanger bars, 6b- disk harrow bearing seats, 7- pressing rollers, 7a- support beams, 8- cut sugarcane case, cut sugarcane roller, after 8b- before 8a- Cut sugarcane roller, the first chains of 8c-, the second chains of 8d-, 9- helical feed rollers, 10- bracing frames, 11- fertilizing tubes, 12- traction ears Seat, 13- sugarcane kind passages, 14- connecting shafts, 30- colters, 30a- plough points, 30b- support arms, 30c- first baffles, 30d- second gear Plate, 31- support columns, the first outsides of 32- seeding board, first group of mud otic placode of 32a-, second group of mud otic placode of 32b-, on the outside of 33- second Seeding board, the first inner sides of 34- seeding board, the second inner sides of 35- seeding board, a 36- point kind of plate, 37- support bars, 40- land wheels, 41- the One adjusting rod, the second adjusting rods of 42-, 42a- spacing holes, 43- bolts, 44- tightener sprockets, 45- ground wheel sprocket.
Specific embodiment
To make the purpose of this utility model, technical scheme and advantage become more apparent, referring to the drawings and enumerate excellent Embodiment is selected, this utility model is further described.However, it is necessary to explanation, many details listed in description There is a thorough explanation to one or more aspects of the present utility model just for the sake of making reader, it is specific even without these Details can also realize it is of the present utility model in terms of these.
As shown in figure 1, according to a kind of wide-and narrow-row sugarcane planting machine of the present utility model, including framework platform 1, carry sugarcane platform 2nd, water furrow planting device 3, land wheel apparatus 4, fertilising hopper 5, ridging and cuts sugarcane case 8 at disk 6, pressing roller 7, and the load sugarcane platform 2 connects In the top of framework platform 1, the vertically-mounted water furrow planting device 3 below the front end of framework platform 1, in the framework platform Be bolted on 1 and below the middle part for carrying sugarcane platform 2 and cut sugarcane case 8 described in installation, cut be provided with directly over sugarcane case 8 to On stretch out and carrying the sugarcane kind passage 13 in the middle part of sugarcane platform 2, the sugarcane kind passage 13 extends downward the trench digging by cutting sugarcane case 8 Seeder 3, is horizontally installed with bracing frame 1 in the rear end of the framework platform 1, and the fertilising hopper is installed on the bracing frame 10 5, it is provided with two support beams 7a for dipping down in 1 afterbody of the framework platform, dips down with two along 1 afterbody of framework platform The pressing roller 7 and ridging disk 6 are installed between the end of oblique support beam 7a successively, the land wheel apparatus 4 pass through connecting shaft 14 Both sides below the framework platform 1, the connecting shaft 14 are connected with the sugarcane case 8 of cutting, before framework platform 1 End is provided with for connecting the traction ear mount 12 of tractor, traction ear mount 12 is connected by hitch with tractor, realization And drive this utility model wide-and narrow-row sugarcane planting machine to carry out operation purpose.
In this utility model, as shown in figure 1, the outlet in the fertilising hopper 5 is provided with helical feed roller 9 and fertilising Conduit 11, the output shaft of the helical feed roller 9 with it is described after cut the output shaft of sugarcane roller 8b and be connected by the second chain 8d, One end of the fertilizing tube 11 with it is described fertilising hopper 5 discharging opening connect, the other end of the fertilizing tube 11 with it is described Water furrow planting device 3 is flexible coupling, and exports fertilizer, fertilizer is averagely sowed in 9 rotation process of helical feed roller from fertilising hopper 5 In two rows plantation ditch, helical feed roller 9 can be controlled according to the speed of travel of tractor and rotate material toggling speed, can be very accurate Ground control load, realizes, it is to avoid the waste of fertilizer.
In this utility model, as shown in figure 1, the ridging disk 6 is dipped down installed in described two by hanger bar 6a Support beam 7a on the outside of lower section, the disk harrow bearing seat 6b with bearing is installed with the outside of 6 center of ridging disk, it is described One end of hanger bar 6a is fixedly connected with support beam 7a, the other end of hanger bar 6a and the disc harrow with bearing Bearing block 6b connects, and ridging 6 horizontal diameter of disk is obliquely installed outwardly along direction of advance, when cane planting is carried out, is passed through Embedded depth and the angle of penetration for changing ridging disk 6 can change ridging amount, therefore, according to the concrete of the wide row line-spacing of cane planting Require, be adjusted the height and angle and horizontal range each other of two ridging disks 6, after sowing is finished, disk 6 of earthing up The soil of the both sides that water furrow planting device 3 is ditched is reversed carries out earthing, and both sides soil is reversed in the middle of in plantation ditch, by Caulis Sacchari sinensis kind and Fertilizer is covered with soil, is then compressed the soil for being covered by pressing roller 7, to realize carrying out after seeding earthing up, town Pressure operation.
In this utility model, with reference to Fig. 1 and Fig. 2, it is described cut be respectively arranged with sugarcane case 8 before cut sugarcane roller 8a and after cut sugarcane Roller 8b, it is described before cut sugarcane roller 8a and after cut sugarcane roller 8b and be installed in parallel in and cut in sugarcane case 8 by bearing fixation, it is described to cut sugarcane roller 8a's Output shaft is cut the output shaft of sugarcane roller 8b with after and is connected by meshing transmission by gear (not shown), cuts sugarcane so as to front cut sugarcane roller 8a with after Roller 8b is relatively rotated, and is provided with blade (not on the appearance circumference for cutting sugarcane roller 8b on the appearance circumference for cutting sugarcane roller 8a with after Diagram), Caulis Sacchari sinensis kind from after the feeding of sugarcane kind passage 13, cut sugarcane roller 8a before being engaged by gear and cut sugarcane with after by the transmission of land wheel apparatus 4 Roller 8b does relative motion, and so as to band cutting blade cuts off Caulis Sacchari sinensis kind, the Caulis Sacchari sinensis kind after cut-out falls into Kind, it is described before cut the output shaft of sugarcane roller 8a and be connected with the connecting shaft 14 by the first chain 8c, the connecting shaft 14 are arranged on the both sides below the framework platform 1 by bearing, when the land wheel apparatus 4 drive the connecting shaft 14 to rotate, Connecting shaft 14 passes through to cut sugarcane roller 8b after the first chain 8c transmissions are described, and the land wheel apparatus 4 include land wheel 40, the first adjusting rod 41st, the second adjusting rod 42 and tightener sprocket 44, the land wheel 40 are arranged on two of middle part below framework platform 1 by connecting shaft 14 Side, is additionally provided with ground wheel sprocket 45 in the connecting shaft 14, and the ground wheel sprocket 45 cuts sugarcane case 8 with described by the first chain 8c It is connected, the tightener sprocket 44 arranges the lower section for cutting sugarcane roller 8b rear ends in the rear, the tightener sprocket 44 and described One chain 8c is engaged, and one end of first adjusting rod 41 is connected with the rotated down of 1 front end of the framework platform, and described second One end of adjusting rod 42 is connected with the rotated down of 1 afterbody of the framework platform, the other end of first adjusting rod 41 and institute State the other end of the second adjusting rod 42 and connection rotated by bolt 43, first adjusting rod 41 near the side of bolt 43 also with The upper surface connection of the connecting shaft 14.Wherein, as shown in figure 3, offering on second adjusting rod 42 multiple in upper and lower The spacing hole 42a of arrangement, the other end of first adjusting rod 41 are arranged on the limit of second adjusting rod 42 by bolt 43 On the hole 42a of position, and the distance between adjacent spacing hole 42a is 20mm~30mm, is the depth adjustment of each spacing hole 42a Amount, first adjusting rod 41 can be rotated upwardly and downwardly along institute's bolt 43, by change bolt 43 spacing hole 42a position heights so as to Adjust land wheel 40 depth so that wide-and narrow-row sugarcane planting machine of the present utility model start depth can be in 250~300mm scopes Inside adjust up and down, only need to connecting bolt 43 is inserted the spacing hole 42a of the top when 250mm is adjusted to, while adjust opening Tight sprocket wheel 44 is tensioned to the right makes the first chain 8c tense the connecting shaft 14, you can complete 40 depth adjustment of land wheel;In the same manner, work as tune Spacing hole 42a under only needing to insert most connecting bolt 43 when saving 300mm, while adjusting tightener sprocket 44 unclamps the to the left One chain 8c can be completed.
In this utility model, with reference to Fig. 4, Fig. 5 and Fig. 6, the water furrow planting device 3 includes that the water furrow planting device 3 is wrapped Include in colter 30, support column 31, the first outside seeding board 32, the second outside seeding board 33, the first inner side seeding board 34 and second Side seeding board 35, the front end of the colter 30 are plough point 30a for being suitable for implantation into soil, as shown in fig. 6, after plough point 30a End is opened and extends two support arm 30b being in the shape of the letter V, the support column 31 be connected to below the front end for carrying sugarcane platform 2 with it is described Between plough point 30a rear end is opened, on the inside of the end of two brace 30b respectively vertically on fix on the outside of described first The lower end of seeding board 32 and the lower end of the second outside seeding board 33, outside the front side and second of first outside seeding board, 32 upper end Connected by first baffle 30c between the front side of side seeding board 33, centre position and the support column of the first baffle 30c 31 near one end connection for carrying sugarcane platform 2, the curved shapes of first baffle 30c, by the first baffle 30c of arc shape by outside first Side seeding board 32 and the second outside seeding board 33 are fixed on the upper part of support column 31, make two pieces to dial mud plate and more consolidate, together When prevent soil enter plantation ditch in;Vertically go up in hard-wired first in the outside difference of two support arm 30b The lower end connection of the lower end of side seeding board 34 and the second inner side seeding board 35, plants the front side and the of plate 34 upper end on the inside of described first Connected by second baffle 30d between the front side of two inner side seeding boards, 35 upper end, wherein, first outside seeding board 32 it is upper Upper end of the horizontal plane that the upper end-face edge of end margin and the second outside seeding board 33 is located higher than first inner side seeding board 34 The horizontal plane that the upper end-face edge of edge and the second inner side seeding board 35 is located, the upper end-face edge of seeding board 34 in first inner side And second inner side seeding board 35 upper end-face edge between also bridging have point kind of the plate 36 of inverted v-shaped, and the top of this point of kind plate 36 Less than the horizontal plane that the upper end-face edge of the upper end-face edge and the second outside seeding board 33 of first outside seeding board 32 is located Highly.Wherein, also including support bar 37, the support bar 37 is connected to the first outside seeding board 32 and the second outside seeding board 33 Rear end between, and the support bar 37 also cross first inner side seeding board 34 and the second inner side seeding board 35 rear end it Between, the bearing capacity for dialling mud plate and seeding board can be improved by support bar 37, with anti-deformation, in first outside seeding board 32 front end outer side is provided with and opens the first group of mud otic placode 32a for extending, the front end of seeding board 33 in second outside backward Outside is provided with opens the second group of mud otic placode 32b for extending backward;In this utility model, colter 30 passes through special handling by plough point 30a and two support arm 30b forms one, and in trench digging, plough point 30a digs big bulk soil to chiselling forward, first passes through The soil of bulk is pushed aside by support column 31, is then separated to the both sides of plough point 30a, can be reduced soil to mud guard and be dialled mud plate Active force, therefore the only excessively little mud of the zone line that opens of plough point 30a, other parts soil is respectively by first group of mud plate 32a and second group of mud otic placode 32b is pushed aside respectively to both sides, so as to realize that trench digging is processed, to reach the plantation needed for growing cane Ditch, in first inner side, the upper end-face edge bridging of the upper end-face edge of seeding board 34 and the second inner side seeding board 35 has inverted v-shaped Point kind of a plate 36, this point of kind plate 36 is by between the first outside seeding board 32 and the first inner side seeding board 34 and the second outside seeding It is divided into two row planting area 33a and planting area 33b between plate 33 and the second inner side seeding board 35 respectively, by arranging two rows The left and right Caulis Sacchari sinensis line-spacing of planting area 33a and planting area 33b is 400mm, it is possible to achieve in the two planting areas to cutting The Caulis Sacchari sinensis for falling afterwards carry out the both sides of automatic putting and seeding, i.e. Caulis Sacchari sinensis kind respectively from point kind of the plate 36 of inverted v-shaped and skid off, and place Carry out point kind in an even planting area, with realize wide-and narrow-row sugarcane planting machine advance travel during carry out seeding operation purpose.
It is in this utility model, with reference to shown in Fig. 1, Fig. 2, Fig. 4, Fig. 5 and Fig. 7, described to apply fertilizer hopper 5 and carry sugarcane platform 2 Concordantly, Caulis Sacchari sinensis kind is put into from sugarcane kind passage 13, as shown in fig. 7, the sugarcane kind passage 13 is double entrances and the passage of double outlets, the sugarcane Plant passage 13 and water furrow planting device 3 is communicated to by cutting sugarcane case 8, during operation, while two Caulis Sacchari sinensis kinds are put into from sugarcane kind passage 13 Cut before cutting in sugarcane case 8 sugarcane roller 8a and after cut sugarcane roller 8b and carry out cutting and kind process, cut the Caulis Sacchari sinensis kind after kind finishing and throw away from sugarcane case 8 is cut Continuation is slid to water furrow planting device 3 along 13 Way out of sugarcane kind passage, is driven when land wheel apparatus 4 are rotated before cutting in sugarcane case 8 Cut sugarcane roller 8a and sugarcane roller 8b rotations are cut with after, cut sugarcane roller for two and engaged and relative motion by gear, cut the appearance circumference of sugarcane roller 8a Blade is installed on the upper appearance circumference that sugarcane roller 8b is cut with after to cut off Caulis Sacchari sinensis kind, as sugarcane kind passage 13 is double outlets Passage, the Caulis Sacchari sinensis kind after cut-out respectively falls in respective planting area 33a from the outlet of sugarcane kind passage 13 and planting area 33b enters Row point kind, while before cut sugarcane roller 8a drive fertilising hopper 5 in helical feed roller 9 rotate, fertilizer is continuously scraped into fertilizing tube In 11, it is described ridging disk with 6 and pressing roller 7 respectively positioned at 1 afterbody of framework platform and along afterbody bearing of trend it is downward-sloping two In root support beam 7a, to realize carrying out earthing up after seeding, suppress operation, disposably complete to ditch, apply fertilizer, cutting kind, sowing, training The a complete set of operation of the whole cane planting such as soil, suppression.Advanced by wheeled tractor traction when wide-and narrow-row cane planting machine operation, The blade insertion soil of land wheel 40, as planting machine advance land wheel 40 rotates, by ground wheel sprocket when land wheel 40 is rotated 45 drive after cut sugarcane roller 8b rotations, after cut sugarcane roller 8b by gear engagement with it is corresponding before cut sugarcane roller 8a and do relative motion, therefore Can cut before driving sugarcane roller 8a and after the blade cut-out Caulis Sacchari sinensis kind cut on sugarcane roller 8b, while after cut sugarcane roller 8b and drive the fertilising hopper The helical feed roller 9 of 5 port of export is rotated, will fertilising hopper 5 in fertilizer continuously scrape in fertilizing tube 11, cut kind of speed and Fertilising speed is automatically adjusted according to Running Speed of Tractor, and Running Speed of Tractor is fast, is cut and is planted and apply fertilizer speed then soon, tractor Travel speed is slow, cuts and plants and apply fertilizer speed then slowly, and during cane planting machine operation, trench digging position is in the middle of tractor wheelbase, Gu plough Make place without compacting, after trench digging assembly hack, the soil of arable layer and the layer that plows floats in rarefaction, improves soil water-retaining guarantor Fertile ability and permeability, are conducive to Caulis Sacchari sinensis early stage root system effectively drawing to liquid manure, cane planting to be given birth to width line mode Management is produced, so can both improve ventilation and penetrating light in the ranks, it is also possible to increase planting density, it is also resistant to lodging, and then input is reduced, side Just manage, improve yield and sugared part, increase economic benefit.
The above is only preferred implementation of the present utility model, it is noted that for the common skill of the art For art personnel, on the premise of without departing from this utility model principle, some improvements and modifications can also be made, these improve and Retouching also should be regarded as protection domain of the present utility model.

Claims (10)

1. a kind of wide-and narrow-row sugarcane planting machine, it is characterised in that:Including framework platform (1), carry sugarcane platform (2), water furrow planting device (3), land wheel apparatus (4), fertilising hopper (5), ridging disk (6), pressing roller (7) and cut sugarcane case (8), load sugarcane platform (2) company The top of framework platform (1) is connected to, the vertically-mounted water furrow planting device (3) below the front end of framework platform (1), described Be bolted on framework platform (1) and below the middle part for carrying sugarcane platform (2) and sugarcane case (8) is cut described in installation, cutting sugarcane It is provided with to protrude upward directly over case (8) and is carrying sugarcane kind passage (13) in the middle part of sugarcane platform (2), the sugarcane kind passage (13) is by cutting Sugarcane case (8) extends downward the water furrow planting device (3), is horizontally installed with bracing frame in the rear end of the framework platform (1) (10) fertilising hopper (5) is installed on the bracing frame (10), two is provided with downwards in the framework platform (1) afterbody In the support beam (7a) inclined, pacify between the end of the downward-sloping support beam (7a) of framework platform (1) afterbody and two successively The pressing roller (7) and ridging disk (6) are filled, the land wheel apparatus (4) are by connecting shaft (14) installed in the framework platform (1) The both sides of lower section, the connecting shaft (14) is connected with the sugarcane case (8) of cutting, framework platform (1) front end be provided with for The traction ear mount (12) of connection tractor.
2. a kind of wide-and narrow-row sugarcane planting machine according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:It is described to cut in sugarcane case (8) respectively Cut before being provided with sugarcane roller (8a) and after cut sugarcane roller (8b), it is described before cut sugarcane roller (8a) and after cut sugarcane roller (8b) and fix flat by bearing Row installed in cutting in sugarcane case (8), it is described before cut sugarcane roller (8a) output shaft and after cut the output shaft of sugarcane roller (8b) and nibbled by gear Conjunction is connected, it is described before cut the output shaft of sugarcane roller (8a) and be connected with the connecting shaft (14) by the first chain (8c), The connecting shaft (14) is arranged on the both sides below the framework platform (1) by bearing, and the land wheel apparatus (4) drive described Connecting shaft (14) rotate when, the connecting shaft (14) by the first chain (8c) be driven it is described after cut sugarcane roller (8b), in the fertilising The outlet of hopper (5) is provided with helical feed roller (9) and fertilizing tube (11), the output shaft of the helical feed roller (9) and institute The output shaft that sugarcane roller (8b) is cut after stating is connected by the second chain (8d), and one end of the fertilizing tube (11) is applied with described The discharging opening connection of fertiliser bucket (5), the other end of the fertilizing tube (11) are flexible coupling with the water furrow planting device (3).
3. a kind of wide-and narrow-row sugarcane planting machine according to claim 2, it is characterised in that:The land wheel apparatus (4) include Land wheel (40), the first adjusting rod (41), the second adjusting rod (42) and tightener sprocket (44), the land wheel (40) is by connecting shaft (14) below framework platform (1) middle part both sides, be additionally provided with the connecting shaft (14) ground wheel sprocket (45), should Ground wheel sprocket (45) is connected with the sugarcane case (8) of cutting by the first chain (8c), and the tightener sprocket (44) is arranged on institute The lower section of sugarcane roller (8b) rear end is cut after stating, the tightener sprocket (44) is engaged with first chain (8c), described first is adjusted One end of bar (41) is connected with the rotated down of the framework platform (1) front end, one end of second adjusting rod (42) and institute State the rotated down connection of framework platform (1) afterbody, the other end and second adjusting rod of first adjusting rod (41) (42) the other end by bolt (43) rotate connection, first adjusting rod (41) near bolt (43) side also with it is described The upper surface connection of connecting shaft (14).
4. a kind of wide-and narrow-row sugarcane planting machine according to claim 3, it is characterised in that:In second adjusting rod (42) On offer multiple in the spacing hole being arranged above and below (42a), the other end of first adjusting rod (41) is pacified by bolt (43) Be mounted on the spacing hole (42a) of second adjusting rod (42), and the distance between adjacent spacing hole (42a) for 20mm~ 30mm。
5. a kind of wide-and narrow-row sugarcane planting machine according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:Ridging disk (6) is by outstanding Lower section of the peg (6a) on the outside of two support beams for dipping down (7a), it is fixed on the outside of ridging disk (6) center The disk harrow bearing seat (6b) of bearing is provided with, one end of the hanger bar (6a) is fixedly connected with the support beam (7a), The other end of the hanger bar (6a) is connected with the disk harrow bearing seat (6b) with bearing.
6. a kind of wide-and narrow-row sugarcane planting machine according to claim 1 or 4, it is characterised in that:Ridging disk (6) level Diameter is obliquely installed outwardly along direction of advance.
7. a kind of wide-and narrow-row sugarcane planting machine according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:Water furrow planting device (3) bag Include colter (30), support column (31), the first outside seeding board (32), the second outside seeding board (33), the first inner side seeding board (34) and the second inner side seeding board (35), the front end of the colter (30) are the plough point (30a) for being suitable for implantation into soil, along the plough Sharp (30a) rear end is opened and extends two support arms (30b) being in the shape of the letter V, and the support column (31) is connected to and carries sugarcane platform (2) Between opening with the plough point (30a) rear end below front end, distinguish vertically on the inside of the end of two braces (30b) The lower end of upper fixation the first outside seeding board (32) and the lower end of the second outside seeding board (33), first outside seeding It is connected by first baffle (30c) between the front side of plate (32) upper end and the front side of the second outside seeding board (33), described first The centre position of baffle plate (30c) is connected near the one end for carrying sugarcane platform (2) with the support column (31), in two support arms (30b) outside difference vertically goes up lower end and the second inner side seeding board that plate (34) is planted on the inside of hard-wired first row (35) front side of lower end connection, the front side of first inner side seeding board (34) upper end and the second inner side seeding board (35) upper end Between by second baffle (30d) connect.
8. a kind of wide-and narrow-row sugarcane planting machine according to claim 7, it is characterised in that:First outside seeding board (32) horizontal plane that upper end-face edge and the upper end-face edge of the second outside seeding board (33) is located is higher than first inner side seeding The horizontal plane that the upper end-face edge of the upper end-face edge of plate (34) and the second inner side seeding board (35) is located, in first inner side seeding Between the upper end-face edge of the upper end-face edge of plate (34) and the second inner side seeding board (35), also bridging has point kind of the plate of inverted v-shaped (36), and this point of kind plate (36) top less than first outside seeding board (32) upper end-face edge and the second outboard row Plant the elevation of water that the upper end-face edge of plate (33) is located.
9. a kind of wide-and narrow-row sugarcane planting machine according to claim 7 or 8, it is characterised in that:The water furrow planting device (3) Also include support bar (37), the support bar (37) is connected to the first outside seeding board (32) with the second outside seeding board (33) Between rear end, and after the support bar (37) is also cross first inner side seeding board (34) and the second inner side seeding board (35) Between end.
10. a kind of wide-and narrow-row sugarcane planting machine according to claim 7 or 8, it is characterised in that:In first outboard row The front end outer side of kind plate (32) is provided with and opens the first group of mud otic placode (32a) extended backward, in second outside seeding board (33) front end outer side is provided with and opens the second group of mud otic placode (32b) extended backward.
CN201621078778.5U 2016-09-26 2016-09-26 A kind of wide-and narrow-row sugarcane planting machine Expired - Fee Related CN206042785U (en)

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Cited By (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN107432172A (en) * 2017-07-26 2017-12-05 崇左市岜陇品农业有限公司 Sugarcane wide-and narrow-row zanjon plants year and receives two stubble cutting and planting methods
CN110178507A (en) * 2019-06-12 2019-08-30 周宁县善长祥农业机械研发有限公司 The whole small-sized sugarcane planting machine of rod-type uniline
CN110741792A (en) * 2019-11-29 2020-02-04 广西壮族自治区农业科学院 Rail-dividing type sugarcane fertilizing and seed-metering machine
CN111386997A (en) * 2020-04-10 2020-07-10 广西壮族自治区农业科学院 Wide-row soil moisture conservation planting method for sugarcane
CN112400388A (en) * 2020-11-20 2021-02-26 广西壮族自治区农业科学院 Sugarcane deep scarification soil-breaking ditching fertilization film-covering single-bud planter
CN113973681A (en) * 2021-10-27 2022-01-28 广西壮族自治区农业科学院 Sugarcane planting and management method for eliminating wide and narrow row craters
CN113973554A (en) * 2021-11-29 2022-01-28 广西民族大学 Real-time reseeding mechanism of sugarcane transverse planter and control method thereof
CN113973553A (en) * 2021-10-18 2022-01-28 广西壮族自治区农业科学院 Eliminate high-efficient smart volume sugarcane planter of wide narrow row crater
CN113973554B (en) * 2021-11-29 2023-01-10 广西民族大学 Real-time reseeding mechanism of sugarcane transverse planter and control method thereof

Cited By (10)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN107432172A (en) * 2017-07-26 2017-12-05 崇左市岜陇品农业有限公司 Sugarcane wide-and narrow-row zanjon plants year and receives two stubble cutting and planting methods
CN110178507A (en) * 2019-06-12 2019-08-30 周宁县善长祥农业机械研发有限公司 The whole small-sized sugarcane planting machine of rod-type uniline
CN110741792A (en) * 2019-11-29 2020-02-04 广西壮族自治区农业科学院 Rail-dividing type sugarcane fertilizing and seed-metering machine
CN111386997A (en) * 2020-04-10 2020-07-10 广西壮族自治区农业科学院 Wide-row soil moisture conservation planting method for sugarcane
CN112400388A (en) * 2020-11-20 2021-02-26 广西壮族自治区农业科学院 Sugarcane deep scarification soil-breaking ditching fertilization film-covering single-bud planter
CN112400388B (en) * 2020-11-20 2021-12-21 广西壮族自治区农业科学院 Sugarcane deep scarification soil-breaking ditching fertilization film-covering single-bud planter
CN113973553A (en) * 2021-10-18 2022-01-28 广西壮族自治区农业科学院 Eliminate high-efficient smart volume sugarcane planter of wide narrow row crater
CN113973681A (en) * 2021-10-27 2022-01-28 广西壮族自治区农业科学院 Sugarcane planting and management method for eliminating wide and narrow row craters
CN113973554A (en) * 2021-11-29 2022-01-28 广西民族大学 Real-time reseeding mechanism of sugarcane transverse planter and control method thereof
CN113973554B (en) * 2021-11-29 2023-01-10 广西民族大学 Real-time reseeding mechanism of sugarcane transverse planter and control method thereof

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