CN206707544U - A kind of multi-functional shutter formula solar thermal collection system - Google Patents

A kind of multi-functional shutter formula solar thermal collection system Download PDF

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Publication number
CN206707544U
CN206707544U CN201720307055.6U CN201720307055U CN206707544U CN 206707544 U CN206707544 U CN 206707544U CN 201720307055 U CN201720307055 U CN 201720307055U CN 206707544 U CN206707544 U CN 206707544U
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China
Prior art keywords
heat
window
frame
insulated
copper tube
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Withdrawn - After Issue
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CN201720307055.6U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
刘焕卫
李祺炜
李彪
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Yantai University
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Yantai University
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E10/00Energy generation through renewable energy sources
    • Y02E10/40Solar thermal energy, e.g. solar towers
    • Y02E10/44Heat exchange systems

Abstract

The utility model discloses a kind of multi-functional shutter formula solar thermal collection system, including water inlet, delivery port, window frame, electric pushrod, solar panel, heat-insulated window-frame, rain sensor, dewatering outlet, high printing opacity single-glass, heat-insulated double glazing, motor, chain, sprocket wheel, heat collecting sheet, copper tube serpentine, rotatable interface, some heat collecting sheets of embedded installation venetian blind type arrangement and its corresponding copper tube serpentine between the high printing opacity single-glass and heat-insulated double glazing on the inside of the heat-insulated window-frame, by the solar panel for wearing system side the temperature difference is produced as and using the different glass of heat transfer coefficient in window system both sides, to produce air pressure difference, produce the ability of thermal convection current, improve ventilation effect, save the energy needed for ventilation.The utility model product has saved energy consumption needed for building ventilation, has reduced building and extraneous heat exchange, so as to reach the effect of economical and energy saving.

Description

A kind of multi-functional shutter formula solar thermal collection system
Technical field
The present invention relates to solar thermal utilization and energy-saving building technology field, and in particular to a kind of solar energy of thermal convection current window Heat collector and its photothermal conversion automatic control system.
Background technology
The energy-output ratio of people is growing day by day, and China is also faced with the danger of energy scarcity.In energy resource consumption, build The construction built and the 53.6% of global energy wastage in bulk or weight is accounted for using energy resource consumption caused by process, the heat loss of wherein window accounts for The 40-50% of building energy consumption loss.The window of building can cause the increase of building energy consumption with extraneous heat exchange.
The use of double glazing can reduce window and building energy consumption caused by heat exchange with outside, and soundproof effect is good, Comfortable for living can be lifted.At present, the public building such as office building uses the big window of console mode more, and the public domain of building is general Curtain shading is not used, because the area of window is big, causes building energy consumption higher without curtain.Tall Office Building generally existing light is dirty Phenomenon is contaminated, i.e. the building curtain wall such as Tall Office Building can reflex to sunshine elsewhere, cause light pollution.Outdoor calm When, open the window and be also difficult to the convection current to form air, the air circulation of at this moment heavy construction relies on blower fan, can add building energy Consumption.
Solar energy heating has the advantages that energy-conservation, cleaning, sustainable use, widely distributed, but traditional solar energy heating has Have that photothermal conversion efficiency is uncontrollable, established angle of collection device is fixed, optimum operating condition can not be met;When illumination is too strong, hot water Easily seethed with excitement in heat collector, produce explosion danger;Solar thermal collector is generally located at architectural top, and collecting plate can be made after snowfall Not receiving sunshine causes system to stop thermal-arrest;At the same time, solar water heater is also required to additionally install, and takes extra empty Between, not easy to clean, collecting efficiency is in downward trend year by year.
Therefore, if set of device can be worked out for problem above, it is possible to reduce the energy resource consumption of building, mitigate building Light pollution and the comfort level that building can be lifted.
The content of the invention
Under this background, to solve deficiency of the prior art, the present invention proposes a kind of multi-functional shutter formula solar energy Collecting system, solar thermal collector is coupled to form a new product with energy-saving window, reduce the energy consumption of window in building.
For achieving the above object, technical scheme is as follows.
A kind of multi-functional thermal-arrest window of venetian blind type plate-type solar, as Figure 1-3, including water inlet 1, delivery port 2, window It is frame 3, electric pushrod 4, solar panel 5, heat-insulated window-frame 6, rain sensor 7, dewatering outlet 8, high printing opacity single-glass 9, heat-insulated Double glazing 10, motor 11, chain 12, sprocket wheel 13, heat collecting sheet 14, copper tube serpentine 15, rotatable interface 16;
Water inlet 1, delivery port 2 are mounted side by side is formed with telescopic discharge water in the outside of window frame 3, the bottom of the window frame 3 Mouthfuls 8, usually the dewatering outlet 8 be embedded in inside the window frame 3, be easy to window opening-closing, opened when winter needs to discharge water by drawing The dewatering outlet 8, the window frame 3 are provided with solar panel 5, rain sensor 7 towards outdoor side;
Heat-insulated window-frame 6 is used by rotary shaft and the secure fit of window frame 3, and the one end of electric pushrod 4 is installed on the heat-insulated court of window-frame 6 To on the window-frame of indoor side, the other end is installed on the inner side of the window frame 3, for controlling the switch of window, the heat-insulation window Frame 6 installs heat-insulated double glazing 10 towards indoor side, and high printing opacity single-glass 9 is installed towards outdoor side;
Embedded installation hundred between the high printing opacity single-glass 9 and heat-insulated double glazing 10 of the inner side of heat-insulated window-frame 6 Some heat collecting sheets 14 and its corresponding copper tube serpentine 15 of leaf window arrangement, the heat transfer of the built-in flowing of the copper tube serpentine 15 are situated between Matter, the heat collecting sheet 14 are welded as a whole with corresponding copper tube serpentine 15, and described one end of copper tube serpentine 15 passes through corresponding Sprocket wheel 13, rotatable interface 16 are installed on the inwall side of heat-insulated window-frame 6, and the other end is installed on the inwall of heat-insulated window-frame 6 Offside;
Motor 11 is installed on the inner top side of heat-insulated window-frame 6, and sprocket wheel 13, institute are provided with the rotary shaft of the motor 11 State motor 11 drives chain 12 to drive the sprocket wheel 13 of next bit to rotate by sprocket wheel 13 of the drive installation in its rotary shaft, remaining Sprocket wheel 13 passes sequentially through chain 12 and drives the sprocket wheel 13 of its next bit to rotate, so as to realize opening for all venetian blind types of heat collecting sheet 14 Close.
In use, the water of external water tank flows into the presence of water pump from water inlet 1, from water outlet after copper tube serpentine 15 Mouth 2 flows out, and then again flows into external water tank and is circulated.When needing to discharge water, open dewatering outlet 8 and discharge water.
It is preferred that the heat collecting sheet 14, which is magnetic, splashes aluminium base indigo plant titanium plated film heat collecting sheet, so as to further improve Heat-collecting effect.
It is preferred that heat transfer medium built in the copper tube serpentine 15 is refrigerating medium.
It is preferred that the rain sensor 7 transmits a signal to the controlling switch window of electric pushrod 4, realize automatic according to weather conditions The control of electric pushrod 4 is controlled to close window.
It is preferred that the external connection battery group of the solar panel 5 storage electric energy, is independently transported to provide electric energy after the de- electricity of the system OK.
It is preferred that the angle of the system and building wall is variable, the solar energy heating of flap type is controlled by PLC program Integrated board angle, heat transfer efficiency are higher.
The present invention principle be:The magnetic of embedded venetian blind type splashes aluminium base indigo plant titanium plated film heat collecting sheet, window between two blocks of glass Frame outer periphery is provided with solar panel, and heat collecting sheet is welded as a whole with corresponding copper tube serpentine, enhances heat-transfer effect, Heat exchange efficiency is improved, and has the heat transfer medium of flowing in copper tube serpentine, further improves heat exchange efficiency;Meanwhile the device with Copper tube serpentine is axle, realizes and control heat collecting sheet venetian blind type folding by rotatable interface, chain, sprocket wheel, motor, is specially electricity Machine drives chain to rotate, and so as to drive copper tube serpentine to rotate, venetian blind type folding can be achieved in collecting plate System of Rotating about Fixed Axis, to reach Control the purpose of light transmission capacity and quantity of heat production.When sunshine incidence, the heat collecting sheet of venetian blind type installation converts light energy into heat energy, Another part is converted into electric energy, and the heat that venetian blind type heat collecting sheet is collected into is taken away generation heat by the water flowed in copper tube serpentine Thermal source of the water as solar water heater, while electric energy caused by solar panel provides electric energy to the system.
In addition, existence conditions determines the effect of windowing ventilation according to natural wind direction air quantity, natural conditions are excessively relied on.Examine Consider and reduce the indoor heat exchange with the external world, employ double thermal insulation glass on the inside of window of the invention, outside is the high printing opacity of individual layer There is larger temperature difference in glass, window both sides of the invention, so as to which window both sides produce pressure differential, produce thermal convection current, improve Ventilation effect.The window of the present invention can also realize this aeration-cooling, of the invention design current after opening under calm condition There is originality in window applications.
The features of the present invention and beneficial effect are:
(1)Compared to traditional solar energy, the system clean is convenient, and winter will not produce " deadlock "(Accumulated snow is produced after snowfall, is made Sunshine can not be absorbed by obtaining solar energy system);Photothermal conversion efficiency is controllable, is not in be exploded caused by boiling, improving makes Security.
(2)Because outside temperature difference can produce thermal convection current in window system, therefore the effect of system improving window ventilation, section The energy of forced convertion is about carried out using blower fan.
(3)The system can absorb sunshine, and simultaneity factor carries ultraviolet energy induction installation, can be according to sensing number According to the uitraviolet intensity outside prompting user room, to prevent ultraviolet ray burn.
(4)The double thermal insulation glass and adjustable shutter type collecting plate of the system can with control room with outdoor heat conduction, Radiant heat transfer heat, temperature that can by a small margin in control room, and reduce building energy consumption.
(5)The system is automatically controlled by PLC, can also be realized thermal-arrest by internet or WiFi remote controls, adopts Light, ventilation, remote monitoring and automatically control four functions.
Brief description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is a kind of multi-functional shutter formula solar thermal collection system front view.
Fig. 2 is a kind of multi-functional shutter formula solar thermal collection system Local map.
Fig. 3 is a kind of multi-functional shutter formula solar thermal collection system Local map.
Wherein, 1. water inlet, 2. delivery ports, 3. window frames, 4. electric pushrods, 5. solar panels, 6. heat-insulated window-frames, 7. rain sensor, 8. dewatering outlets, the high transparent glass of 9. individual layers, 10. double thermal insulation glass, 11. motor, 12. chains, 13. chains Wheel, 14. heat collecting sheets, 15. copper tube serpentines, 16 rotatable interfaces.
Embodiment
It is described further below in conjunction with the accompanying drawings and by instantiation to the structural principle of the present invention.But this implementation Example is narrative, and nonrestrictive, it is not limited to invention which is intended to be protected.
Embodiment 1
A kind of multi-functional thermal-arrest window of venetian blind type plate-type solar, as Figure 1-3, including water inlet 1, delivery port 2, window It is frame 3, electric pushrod 4, solar panel 5, heat-insulated window-frame 6, rain sensor 7, dewatering outlet 8, high printing opacity single-glass 9, heat-insulated Double glazing 10, motor 11, chain 12, sprocket wheel 13, magnetic splash aluminium base indigo plant titanium heat collecting sheet 14, copper tube serpentine 15, rotatable interface 16.
Wherein, water inlet 1, delivery port 2 are installed on the outside of window frame 3 side by side, and the bottom of the window frame 3 is formed with telescopic Dewatering outlet 8, usually the dewatering outlet 8 be embedded in inside the window frame 3, be easy to window opening-closing, pass through drawing when winter needs to discharge water The dewatering outlet 8 is opened, and the window frame 3 is provided with solar panel 5, rain sensor 7 towards outdoor side;
Heat-insulated window-frame 6 is used by rotary shaft and the secure fit of window frame 3, and electric pushrod 4 is used for the switch for controlling window, its One end is installed on heat-insulated window-frame 6 towards on the window-frame of indoor side, and the other end is installed on the inner side of the window frame 3, described heat-insulated Window-frame 6 installs heat-insulated double glazing 10 towards indoor side, and high printing opacity single-glass 9 is installed towards outdoor side;
Heat collecting sheet 14 is welded as a whole with corresponding copper tube serpentine 15, and heat-insulated two blocks of the inner side of window-frame 6 glass is high saturating Some heat collecting sheets 14 of the insertion of venetian blind type and its corresponding copper tube serpentine between light single-glass 9 and heat-insulated double glazing 10 15, described one end of copper tube serpentine 15 is installed on the inwall one of heat-insulated window-frame 6 by corresponding sprocket wheel 13, rotatable interface 16 Side, the other end are installed on the offside of the inwall of heat-insulated window-frame 6;
Motor 11 is installed on the inner top side of heat-insulated window-frame 6, and sprocket wheel 13, institute are provided with the rotary shaft of the motor 11 State motor 11 drives chain 12 to drive the sprocket wheel 13 of next bit to rotate by sprocket wheel 13 of the drive installation in its rotary shaft, remaining Sprocket wheel 13 passes sequentially through chain 12 and drives the sprocket wheel 13 of its next bit to rotate, so as to realize opening for all venetian blind types of heat collecting sheet 14 Close.
In the example, the heat collecting sheet 14 is that magnetic splashes aluminium base indigo plant titanium plated film heat collecting sheet, so as to further improve Heat-collecting effect;Institute It is refrigerating medium to state heat transfer medium built in copper tube serpentine 15;The rain sensor 7 transmits a signal to the controlling switch window of electric pushrod 4, Realize that automatically controlling the control of electric pushrod 4 according to weather conditions closes window;The external connection battery group of the solar panel 5 storage electricity Can, to provide electric energy independent operating after the de- electricity of the system.
In use, the water of water tank is pressurizeed from water inlet 1 by water pump is passed through heat medium water, the copper tube serpentine being connected in series is flowed through 15th, rotatable interface 16, finally enter water tank from the water outlet of delivery port 2, and copper tube serpentine 15 and magnetic are splashed between aluminium base indigo plant titanium collecting plate 14 It is welded as a whole, constitutes hot collection system;The heat-insulated outside of window-frame 6 is equipped with solar panel 5, electric pushrod 4, rain sensor 7, the heat-insulated inner side of window-frame 6 is provided with motor 11, sprocket wheel 13, chain 12, together constitutes the transmission system of device, is operated The regulation of area, the folding angle of window control and provide electric energy for system;The high transparent glass 9 of heat-insulated window-frame 6, individual layer, bilayer Heat-protecting glass 10 is closed system, there is provided the working environment of high temperature, the interior outside thermal gradient energy of window system enough preferably carry out empty The thermal convection current of gas, realize more preferable ventilation effect.
Under window closed mode, when collecting under thermal condition, motor 11 drives magnetic to splash aluminium base indigo plant titanium collecting plate 14 and adjusts angle, Make its transparent glass 9 high with individual layer parallel(Angle is 0 °), carry out thermal-arrest and water circulation;
When under printing opacity operating mode, motor driven magnetic splashes aluminium base indigo plant titanium collecting plate 14, makes its transparent glass 9 high with individual layer vertical (Angle is 90 °), now sunshine get in.
When preventing boiling regime, the temperature sensor set in outer tank detects that water tank temperature reaches default highest During temperature, window is changed to the danger for printing opacity operating mode, preventing boiling blast automatically.
When window is opened under ventilation operating mode, system is opened to suitable angle and is aerated by electric pushrod 4, now window system There is the larger temperature difference system both sides, can also produce pressure difference, so as to reach the effect of air thermal convection current, now can also carry out thermal-arrest simultaneously, Only need suitably to drive magnetic to splash the regulation angle of aluminium base indigo plant titanium collecting plate 14 by motor 11 according to specific weather condition, so as to carry out Thermal-arrest;When outdoor rainfall, electric pushrod 4 closes system.
The window of the present invention needs progress to control manually also according to user.
Preferred embodiment of the invention described in detail above, but be not restricted to that specific in above-mentioned embodiment Details, in the range of the technology design of the present invention, a variety of equivalents can be carried out to technical scheme, these are equivalent Conversion belongs to protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (6)

1. a kind of multi-functional shutter formula solar thermal collection system, including window frame (3), electric pushrod (4), heat-insulated window-frame (6), every Hot window-frame (6) is used by rotary shaft and window frame (3) secure fit, and electric pushrod (4) one end is installed on heat-insulated window-frame (6) direction On the window-frame of indoor side, the other end is installed on the inner side of the window frame (3),
Characterized by further comprising water inlet (1), delivery port (2), solar panel (5), rain sensor (7), dewatering outlet (8), high printing opacity single-glass (9), heat-insulated double glazing (10), motor (11), chain (12), sprocket wheel (13), heat collecting sheet (14), Copper tube serpentine (15), rotatable interface (16);
Water inlet (1), delivery port (2), which are mounted side by side, to be formed with and can stretch in the outside of the window frame (3), the bottom of the window frame (3) The dewatering outlet (8) of contracting, usually the embedded window frame (3) of the dewatering outlet (8) is internal, is opened when winter needs to discharge water by drawing The dewatering outlet (8) discharges water, and the window frame (3) is provided with solar panel (5), rain sensor (7) towards outdoor side;
The heat-insulated window-frame (6) installs heat-insulated double glazing (10) towards indoor side, and high printing opacity list is installed towards outdoor side Layer glass (9);
Embedded installation between the high printing opacity single-glass (9) and heat-insulated double glazing (10) on the inside of the heat-insulated window-frame (6) Some heat collecting sheets (14) and its corresponding copper tube serpentine (15) of venetian blind type arrangement, the built-in flowing of the copper tube serpentine (15) Heat transfer medium, the heat collecting sheet (14) are welded as a whole with corresponding copper tube serpentine (15), and described copper tube serpentine (15) one end leads to Cross corresponding sprocket wheel (13), rotatable interface (16) is installed on heat-insulated window-frame (6) the inwall side, the other end is installed on institute State the offside of heat-insulated window-frame (6) inwall;
Motor (11) is installed on heat-insulated window-frame (6) inner top side, and sprocket wheel is provided with the rotary shaft of the motor (11) (13), the motor (11) drives the chain of chain (12) driving next bit by sprocket wheel (13) of the drive installation in its rotary shaft Take turns (13) to rotate, remaining sprocket wheel (13) passes sequentially through chain (12) and drives the sprocket wheel (13) of its next bit to rotate, so as to realize There is the folding of heat collecting sheet (14) venetian blind type.
A kind of 2. multi-functional shutter formula solar thermal collection system according to claim 1, it is characterised in that heat collecting sheet (14) aluminium base indigo plant titanium plated film heat collecting sheet is splashed for magnetic.
A kind of 3. multi-functional shutter formula solar thermal collection system according to claim 2, it is characterised in that copper tube serpentine (15) heat transfer medium built in is refrigerating medium.
4. according to a kind of any described multi-functional shutter formula solar thermal collection systems of claim 1-3, it is characterised in that institute State rain sensor (7) and transmit a signal to electric pushrod (4) controlling switch window.
A kind of 5. multi-functional shutter formula solar thermal collection system according to claim 4, it is characterised in that the sun Can cell panel (5) external connection battery group storage electric energy.
A kind of 6. multi-functional shutter formula solar thermal collection system according to claim 5, it is characterised in that the blinds The angle of the multi-functional thermal-arrest window of window plate-type solar and building wall is variable.
CN201720307055.6U 2017-03-27 2017-03-27 A kind of multi-functional shutter formula solar thermal collection system Withdrawn - After Issue CN206707544U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201720307055.6U CN206707544U (en) 2017-03-27 2017-03-27 A kind of multi-functional shutter formula solar thermal collection system

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201720307055.6U CN206707544U (en) 2017-03-27 2017-03-27 A kind of multi-functional shutter formula solar thermal collection system

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106837082A (en) * 2017-03-27 2017-06-13 烟台大学 A kind of multi-functional shutter formula solar thermal collection system
CN110905347A (en) * 2019-12-11 2020-03-24 定西北玻玻璃科技有限公司 Reversible phase-change energy-saving glass door and window

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106837082A (en) * 2017-03-27 2017-06-13 烟台大学 A kind of multi-functional shutter formula solar thermal collection system
CN106837082B (en) * 2017-03-27 2020-02-11 烟台大学 Multifunctional louver type solar heat collection system
CN110905347A (en) * 2019-12-11 2020-03-24 定西北玻玻璃科技有限公司 Reversible phase-change energy-saving glass door and window

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Granted publication date: 20171205

Effective date of abandoning: 20200211