CN205969077U - Intelligence photovoltaic cleans machine people - Google Patents

Intelligence photovoltaic cleans machine people Download PDF

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Publication number
CN205969077U
CN205969077U CN201620955811.1U CN201620955811U CN205969077U CN 205969077 U CN205969077 U CN 205969077U CN 201620955811 U CN201620955811 U CN 201620955811U CN 205969077 U CN205969077 U CN 205969077U
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China
Prior art keywords
purging
sweeping robot
cleaning
motor
intelligent photovoltaic
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CN201620955811.1U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
赵加雄
刘龙
倪欢
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Cooler Technology (shanghai) Co Ltd
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Cooler Technology (shanghai) Co Ltd
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Abstract

The utility model provides a pair of intelligence photovoltaic cleans machine people, include from power supply system (1), intelligence control system (2), cleaning system (3), running gear (4), drive mechanism (7) and support. The utility model provides a clean difficulty of solar photovoltaic power station big batch and problem with high costs.

Description

A kind of intelligent photovoltaic sweeping robot
Technical field
This utility model is related to solar energy photovoltaic panel and cleans field, particularly to a kind of intelligent photovoltaic sweeping robot.
Background technology
Increasingly it is subject to using the developmental pattern that the clean energy resourcies such as wind energy, solar energy, biomass power generation realize low-carbon cycle Extensive attention to people.China's photovoltaic generation market scale has a high potential, however, pollution, dust storm, sleet, dust, the grains of sand, Even the attachment such as bird excrement has a strong impact on the electricity conversion of solar energy photovoltaic panel, and the wherein impact of accumulation dust is maximum And it is the most universal.The report of National Renewable Energy Laboratory is pointed out, the optoelectronic transformation efficiency being affected by photovoltaic panel covering loses Up to 25%, the solar energy photovoltaic panel power generation loss never cleaning individually is up to 30%.Separately there are some researches show, fraction of dust (The amount of such as 4g/m2)The 40% of solar energy photovoltaic panel conversion ratio can be weakened, for large batch of solar photo-voltaic power generation station shadow Sound is more notable.China's dust problem is serious more than developed countries, and especially northern area, by the outdoor sun of dust pollution Billions of units can be up to because cleaning the power generation loss causing every year not in time by cell panel.Therefore, intelligent photovoltaic sweeping robot Research and development be can efficient utilization solar energy key link.
At present the common several cleaning ways of solar energy photovoltaic panel mainly have manual cleaning, mechanical cleaning, spray system and Intelligence is cleaned., there is management difficulty greatly, cleaning speed is slow, and quality is difficult to ensure in the main still manual cleaning of solar photo-voltaic power generation station Card, work high above the ground also needs the problems such as consider personal security., at 500,000 yuan about, maintenance cost is high for every price of mechanical cleaning, Landform has high demands it is difficult to reach balance between revenue and expenditure;The installation requirement of spray system is very high, and landform has high demands, and water consumption cannot be controlled System.Mechanical cleaning and spray system are mainly used in resident's type roof and industry and commerce roof, for large batch of photo-voltaic power generation station Cleaning cost is higher, and application also has certain difficulty.China's large number of ground power station is all built in western parts such as Gansu, Qinghai Areas of serious, bad environments, dust storm is big.Using non-aqueous techniques, self-charging, automatically cleaning, unattended, remotely control intelligence Photovoltaic sweeping robot is capable of solar photo-voltaic power generation station high-volume and cleans, if daily clean, the sending out of solar energy photovoltaic panel Electric loss rate is 0%;Clean the power generation loss rate that time interval is a week or two weeks and be respectively 5% and 12%;Never in the case of cleaning Loss rate be 35%.To sum up, intelligent photovoltaic sweeping robot is to realize solar photo-voltaic power generation station high-volume high-efficiency cleaning and fall The effective means of low cost.
On the pertinent literature delivered at present and market, existing several intelligent photovoltaic sweeping robots are as follows:(1)Band is external Line power supply automatic sweeping machine;(2)No guide rail no external connection automatic sweeping machine;(3)Band guide rail horizontal sweeping type moves horizontally scavenging machine; (4)Band guide rail vertically moves scavenging machine.Wherein,(1)With(2)It is applied to household or the commercialization of small-scale formula;Due to power source Limit(Circumscripted power line limited length)And the abominable of desert Environment(No guide rail no external connection automatic sweeping machine is in wind sand environment The landing of middle possible accident),(1)With(2)Cleaning for the photovoltaic generation factory of large-area matrix row is difficult to realize daily cleaning Greatest benefit, Frequent Accidents, it is difficult to realize unmanned management.For(3), its advantage is to clean speed ratio comparatively fast, but exists Shortcoming be that the power source needing is big, and be difficult to cross over the gap between photovoltaic array plate, and(1)With(2)Equally than It is more suited to small-scale household and commercialization.
Utility model content
Main purpose of the present utility model is to provide a kind of intelligent photovoltaic sweeping robot, and this utility model solves too Sun photo-voltaic power generation station high-volume can clean difficult and high cost problem.
This utility model provides a kind of intelligent photovoltaic sweeping robot, including self-contained electric system, intelligence control system, clear Sweep system, walking mechanism, haulage gear and support;
Described self-contained electric system includes solar panel, accumulator and detection means;Described detection means is used for detecting Accumulator capacity;
Described intelligence control system includes remote control receiver, purging system controller and environmental monitor;Described remote Process control receptor receives remote control information;Described purging system controller controls timing to clean and on/off cleans system System;Described environmental monitor monitoring sunrise sunset and rainy day;
Described purging system includes the first motor, shell protective cover and Clean Brush for cleaning;Described first Motor drive free wool Brush rotates;
Described walking mechanism include the second motor, along along guide rail along walking road wheel and along guide rail lower edge walking spacing Wheel;Described second Motor drive road wheel and position-limited wheel walking;
Described haulage gear includes the 3rd motor and composite cable;Described composite cable connects purging system;Described 3rd Motor drive composite cable rises or falls;
Described support includes long stent and lateral frame, for carrying said system and mechanism.
Further, described self-contained electric system possesses automatic generation, the function of automatic charging, electric power storage and self detection.
Further, the purging system controller in described intelligence control system possesses data-transformation facility, control device It is controlled by WIFI or networking.
Further, the environmental monitor in described intelligence control system monitors the rainy day by Raindrop sensor.
Further, described purging system adopts anhydrous cleaning technology, cleans gait of march and is 8 ms/min.
Further, after the completion of described purging system cleans, the first motor is dallied, and shake Clean Brush for cleaning removes dust.
Further, the composite cable center in described haulage gear is traction steel wire line, and intermediate layer is to be coated with insulation The conductive copper wire of layer and communication wire, outermost layer is insulating protective layer.
The intelligent photovoltaic sweeping robot of this utility model design mainly has following advantage:(a)The machinery of guide rail is solid Tailor-made with being applied to desert wind sand environment, the probability that reduction accident occurs;B power source that () needs is little, is fully able to realize Power supply is self-sufficient;(c)Gap leap between photovoltaic array plate is accessible, can the multiple photovoltaic panel of continuous-cleaning;(d) Can achieve daily cleaning, make solar panels remain clean conditions, improve generating efficiency, decrease hot plate effect, increased The service life of cell panel.
Beneficial effect
(1) this utility model reduces for controlling intelligent photovoltaic sweeping robot level, vertical and cleaning brush rotation fortune Dynamic number of motors, each only needs a motor to be controlled, reached overall structure is optimized, the mesh of reduces cost 's.
(2) draught line that this utility model is moved vertically by motor-driven purging system and conductive copper wire, communication wire Integrated, realization traction, power transmission, the integrated of three kinds of functions of communication transfer are combined, and reduce equipment build, further Reduce cost.
(3) this utility model adopts anhydrous cleaning, to photovoltaic panel zero abrasion it is ensured that higher cleannes, even if in the morning Sweep in the case of having dew and also can run freely, the existing cleaning cloth of improvement is wrapped up in ash after getting wet and led to asking of cleaning efficiency decline Topic.
(4) this utility model employing can store the DC self-supply power power-supply system of electricity, using small-sized solar cell panel Self-power supply, realizes running cost optimization, possesses automatic generation, automatic charging, electric power storage and self-monitoring function, compensate for needing The shortcoming being equipped with external power supply cleaning machine, realizes the self-sufficient of the energy.
Brief description
The accompanying drawing constituting the part of the application is used for providing further understanding to of the present utility model, of the present utility model Schematic description and description is used for explaining this utility model, does not constitute to improper restriction of the present utility model.In accompanying drawing In:
Fig. 1 is general assembly drawing of the present utility model;
Fig. 2 is the partial enlarged drawing of horizontal drive mechanism of the present utility model;
Fig. 3 is horizontal drive mechanism schematic diagram of the present utility model;
Fig. 4 is local (A) enlarged drawing of cable position of the present utility model;
Fig. 5 is cable position figure of the present utility model;
Fig. 6 is construction of cable figure of the present utility model;
Fig. 7 is construction of cable figure of the present utility model;
Fig. 8 is construction of cable figure of the present utility model.
Specific embodiment
It should be noted that in the case of not conflicting, the embodiment in the application and the feature in embodiment can phases Mutually combine.To describe this utility model below with reference to the accompanying drawings and in conjunction with the embodiments in detail.
In order that those skilled in the art is better understood from this utility model scheme, real below in conjunction with this utility model Apply the accompanying drawing in example, the technical scheme in this utility model embodiment is clearly and completely described it is clear that described Embodiment is only the embodiment of this utility model part, rather than whole embodiments.Based on the reality in this utility model Apply example, the every other embodiment being obtained under the premise of those of ordinary skill in the art do not make creative work, all answer When belonging to protection domain of the present utility model.
It should be noted that term " first " in specification and claims of the present utility model and above-mentioned accompanying drawing, " second " etc. is for distinguishing similar object, without for describing specific order or precedence.It should be appreciated that so The data using can be exchanged, in the appropriate case so that embodiment of the present utility model described herein can be with except at this In diagram or description those beyond order implement.Additionally, term " comprising " and " having " and their any deformation, meaning Figure is to cover non-exclusive comprising.
Embodiment 1
By shown in Fig. 1 to Fig. 3, present embodiments providing a kind of intelligent photovoltaic sweeping robot, including self-contained electric system 1, Intelligence control system 2, purging system 3, walking mechanism 4, haulage gear 7 and support;
Described self-contained electric system 1 includes solar panel, accumulator and detection means;Described detection means is used for detecting Accumulator capacity.Electricity is available for sweeping robot continuous firing 2-3 hour, and a photovoltaic sweeping robot can clean up to 5- 6 groups of Photovoltaic arrays (being connected by gap bridge track between multiple photovoltaic trains).Solar panel has intelligent detecting function (inversion provides open Data Detection), such as detects itself storage battery inner capacities, statistics sweeping efficiency, the control of mobile phone A PP etc..
Described intelligence control system 2 includes remote control receiver, purging system controller and environmental monitor;Described remote Process control receptor receives remote control information;Described purging system controller controls timing to clean and on/off cleans system System 3;Described environmental monitor monitoring sunrise sunset and rainy day (Raindrop sensor).Cleaning system in described intelligence control system System controller possesses data-transformation facility, and control device passes through WIFI or networking is controlled, it is possible to achieve multiple stage long distance peels off Control, operating in a key.
Described purging system 3 includes the first motor, shell protective cover and Clean Brush for cleaning;Described first Motor drive free wool Brush rotates.Longitudinally cleaning distance reaches 3.5 meters.Purging system 3 adopts anhydrous cleaning technology, cleans gait of march and is 8 ms/min Clock, the assembly completing 50kw cleans (area about 320m2), about take half an hour.
Brush sweeper possesses automatic cleaning function, after the completion of each decline cleaning, continues to run with idle running in 1 to 1.5 seconds, uses To shrug off the dust of itself.
Described walking mechanism 4 include the second motor 8, along along guide rail along walking road wheel 9 and along guide rail lower edge walking Position-limited wheel 10;Described second motor 8 drives road wheel 9 and position-limited wheel 10 to walk.
Described haulage gear 7 includes the 3rd motor and composite cable 11;Described composite cable 11 connects purging system 3;Institute State the 3rd Motor drive composite cable 11 to rise or fall.By composite cable 11 center shown in Fig. 4 to Fig. 8, in haulage gear 7 For traction steel wire line 12, intermediate layer is conductive copper wire 13 and the communication wire 14 being coated with insulating barrier, and outermost layer is insulation protection Layer.Traction steel wire line 12 is integrated with conductive copper wire 13, communication wire 14, realizes traction, power transmission, communication transfer Three kinds of functions compound integrated, realize multifunction and the miniaturization of equipment.
Described support includes long stent 5 and lateral frame 6, for carrying said system and mechanism.
The sweeping robot running environment that the present embodiment provides:- 40-80 DEG C of working environment;Height above sea level≤3000M.If The standby life-span is 10 years.Design of Mechanical Structure is exquisite, and no deadlock phenomenon occurs, drive mechanism aging resistance, wear-resisting, system stability Reliable, reach safely IP56 grade.
The foregoing is only preferred embodiment of the present utility model, be not limited to this utility model, for this For the technical staff in field, this utility model can have various modifications and variations.All of the present utility model spirit and principle Within, any modification, equivalent substitution and improvement made etc., should be included within protection domain of the present utility model.

Claims (7)

1. a kind of intelligent photovoltaic sweeping robot, including self-contained electric system(1), intelligence control system(2), purging system(3), OK Walk mechanism(4), haulage gear(7)And support;It is characterized in that:
Described self-contained electric system(1)Including solar panel, accumulator and detection means;Described detection means is used for detection and stores Battery capacity;
Described intelligence control system(2)Including remote control receiver, purging system controller and environmental monitor;Described long-range Receptor is controlled to receive remote control information;Described purging system controller controls timing to clean and on/off purging system (3);Described environmental monitor monitoring sunrise sunset and rainy day;
Described purging system(3)Including the first motor, shell protective cover and Clean Brush for cleaning;Described first Motor drive Clean Brush for cleaning Rotate;
Described walking mechanism(4)Including the second motor(8), along along guide rail along walking road wheel(9)Walk with along guide rail lower edge Position-limited wheel(10);Described second motor(8)Drive road wheel(9)And position-limited wheel(10)Walking;
Described haulage gear(7)Including the 3rd motor and composite cable(11);Described composite cable(11)Connect purging system (3);Described 3rd Motor drive composite cable(11)Rise or fall;
Described support includes long stent(5)And lateral frame(6), for carrying said system and mechanism.
2. a kind of intelligent photovoltaic sweeping robot according to claim 1 it is characterised in that:Described self-contained electric system(1) Possess automatic generation, the function of automatic charging, electric power storage and self detection.
3. a kind of intelligent photovoltaic sweeping robot according to claim 1 it is characterised in that:Described intelligence control system (2)In purging system controller possess data-transformation facility, control device pass through WIFI or networking be controlled.
4. a kind of intelligent photovoltaic sweeping robot according to claim 1 it is characterised in that:Described intelligence control system (2)In environmental monitor the rainy day is monitored by Raindrop sensor.
5. a kind of intelligent photovoltaic sweeping robot according to claim 1 it is characterised in that:Described purging system(3)Adopt Use anhydrous cleaning technology, clean gait of march and be 8 ms/min.
6. a kind of intelligent photovoltaic sweeping robot according to claim 1 it is characterised in that:Described purging system(3)Clearly After the completion of sweeping, the first motor is dallied, and shake Clean Brush for cleaning removes dust.
7. a kind of intelligent photovoltaic sweeping robot according to claim 1 it is characterised in that:Described haulage gear(7)In Composite cable(11)Center is traction steel wire line(12), intermediate layer is the conductive copper wire being coated with insulating barrier(13)Lead with communication Line(14), outermost layer is insulating protective layer.
CN201620955811.1U 2016-08-26 2016-08-26 Intelligence photovoltaic cleans machine people Active CN205969077U (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN107597629A (en) * 2017-09-28 2018-01-19 陈细妹 A kind of electronic image device applied to high-altitude operation vehicle
CN109660197A (en) * 2018-12-11 2019-04-19 暨南大学 A kind of Intelligent photovoltaic system
CN110034726A (en) * 2019-04-03 2019-07-19 陈二东 A kind of solar power system based on artificial intelligence
CN110773517A (en) * 2019-10-10 2020-02-11 西安交通大学 Splicing type photovoltaic cell cleaning robot
CN111452815A (en) * 2020-05-12 2020-07-28 南通大学 Fault rescue traction system of photovoltaic module cleaning robot

Cited By (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN107597629A (en) * 2017-09-28 2018-01-19 陈细妹 A kind of electronic image device applied to high-altitude operation vehicle
CN109660197A (en) * 2018-12-11 2019-04-19 暨南大学 A kind of Intelligent photovoltaic system
CN110034726A (en) * 2019-04-03 2019-07-19 陈二东 A kind of solar power system based on artificial intelligence
CN110773517A (en) * 2019-10-10 2020-02-11 西安交通大学 Splicing type photovoltaic cell cleaning robot
CN110773517B (en) * 2019-10-10 2020-10-27 西安交通大学 Splicing type photovoltaic cell cleaning robot
CN111452815A (en) * 2020-05-12 2020-07-28 南通大学 Fault rescue traction system of photovoltaic module cleaning robot
CN111452815B (en) * 2020-05-12 2021-06-29 南通大学 Fault rescue traction system of photovoltaic module cleaning robot

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