CN205647402U - Automatic cleaning system of solar cell panel - Google Patents

Automatic cleaning system of solar cell panel Download PDF

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Publication number
CN205647402U
CN205647402U CN201620182620.6U CN201620182620U CN205647402U CN 205647402 U CN205647402 U CN 205647402U CN 201620182620 U CN201620182620 U CN 201620182620U CN 205647402 U CN205647402 U CN 205647402U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
dolly
solar panel
cleans
cleaning
wheels
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Withdrawn - After Issue
Application number
CN201620182620.6U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
董国伟
赵家宁
刘超
张庆国
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Shandong Haowo Electrical Co Ltd
Original Assignee
Shandong Haowo Electrical Co Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Shandong Haowo Electrical Co Ltd filed Critical Shandong Haowo Electrical Co Ltd
Priority to CN201620182620.6U priority Critical patent/CN205647402U/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN205647402U publication Critical patent/CN205647402U/en
Withdrawn - After Issue legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E10/00Energy generation through renewable energy sources
    • Y02E10/50Photovoltaic [PV] energy

Abstract

The utility model relates to an automatic cleaning system of solar cell panel, including solar cell panel, the dolly is cleaned to last being equipped with of solar cell panel, installs sweeping brush on cleaning the dolly, and as an organic wholeization of sweeping brush is made, cleans the dolly bottom and installs the heavy burden wheelset, cleans dolly bottom top and is equipped with the power transmission case, and power transmission bottom of the case portion installs initiative drive wheel set, cleans dolly bottom below and installs driven drive wheel set, and initiative drive wheel set, driven drive wheel set and heavy burden wheelset exterior division do not are equipped with the track. The beneficial effects of the utility model are that: the brush of integration cleans totallyer, having the great clearance or the discrepancy in elevation or both between the solar cell panel all under the condition of having, can effectively clean equally, can also realize that the backstage shows, the control of centralized control room, realize that solar cell panel motor sweeper position shows functions such as malfunction alerting, remote start up, long -range parking and warning.

Description

A kind of solar panel automatic sweeping system
(1) technical field
This utility model belongs to automated cleaning technical field, particularly to a kind of solar panel automatic sweeping system.
(2) background technology
The challenge brought in the face of Global climate change and the problem of energy security, human needs seeks regenerative resource, And solar energy is exactly the energy a kind of cleaning, reproducible.Along with the reduction of cost for solar power generation, photovoltaic industry enters one New era of individual global evolution.And solar panel is the root that solar power station produces electric energy, photovoltaic module conversion solar The efficiency of energy directly decides the generated energy of solar power station.The ground light overhead utility of China is concentrated mainly on the Northwest, this A little areas solar energy resources is the abundantest, and annual sunshine reaches more than 3200 hours, but the natural environment of the Northwest compares evil Bad, especially sandstorm weather in season in spring and autumn brings substantial amounts of dirty dirt can to photovoltaic module surface, has had a strong impact on photovoltaic module Generating efficiency, generally, within 3 months, there is no the solar module of cleaning, have the output of 5% Loss, and the solar module under being positioned at adverse circumstances is in the case of 20 days not cleaning, the big appointment of loss reaches 12%。
At present, for the dedusting of photovoltaic plant, take the cleaning programs such as artificial, giant, spray system respectively.Manually Cleaning cleaning efficiency is low, and peopleware difference causes that cleaning process is wayward, cleaning effect concordance is poor, has assembly glass Abrasion, affects light transmittance and life-span: giant water for cleaning amount is big, and the water consumption that 1MW cleans every time about 10 tons is not suitable for lacking Water area, some hydraulic giant pressure is relatively big, can cause assembly crackle, and the power station, mountain region being not suitable for vehicle traveling cannot be applied;Spray Cleaning systems effect is bad, and water consumption is relatively big, the water consumption that 1MW cleans every time about 6~7 tons.
The device of existing disclosed automated cleaning solar panel, brush sweeper is single setting, because of several little Maos There is larger gap between brush, cleaning blind area can be caused, affect the cleaning effect of cleaning device.
(3) summary of the invention
This utility model is in order to make up the deficiencies in the prior art, it is provided that one avoids causing cleaning to omit, operates steadily, Can realize changing and being accurately positioned between different row's solar panel, quick charge, automatization and integration degree can be carried out High solar panel automatic sweeping system.
This utility model is achieved by the following technical solution:
A kind of solar panel automatic sweeping system, including solar panel, solar panel is provided with cleaning Dolly, is characterized in that: cleaning and be provided with brush sweeper on dolly, brush sweeper is integrated to be made, and cleans and installs bottom dolly There are heavy burden wheels, clean and be arranged over power transmission box bottom dolly, active drive wheels are installed, clearly bottom power transmission box Sweep bottom part down bottom dolly and driven driving wheels, active drive wheels and driven driving wheels are installed along solar panel Walking in side, is respectively equipped with crawler belt outside active drive wheels, driven driving wheels and heavy burden wheels.
Further, active drive wheels are positioned in two active drive wheels, the driven driving wheels at two ends and are positioned at two In two driven driving wheels of end and heavy burden wheels, two bogie wheels at two ends respectively and leave between solar panel Gap.
Further, also include driving cleaning dolly conversion equipment of motion between different solar panels, Conversion equipment includes changing dolly, and conversion dolly rear and front end is separately installed with the first support bar and in order to support the little underbody of cleaning Second support bar in portion, the first support bar top is hinged with and connects the screw rod cleaning dolly top, and screw rod is connected with positioning motor Connect.
Further, solar panel top is provided with the upper location contact point corresponding with cleaning dolly, solaode Plate bottom is provided with the lower location contact point corresponding with cleaning dolly.
Further, conversion dolly is walked along guide rail, and conversion dolly is provided with switch board and the first accumulator, and first stores Battery connects the actuating unit having to drive conversion carriage walking.
Further, also including charging device, charging device includes being arranged at the power solar energy cleaned above dolly Battery and control panel, control panel is provided with controller, cleans dolly bottom surface and is provided with the second accumulator and reserve battery, the sun Can be provided with thinking that the accumulator that the second accumulator is charged fills device soon cell panel side.
Further, clean dolly to be correspondingly provided with thinking that the charging that the second accumulator is charged is fixed on solar panel Position contact point.
Further, also including automated watch-keeping facility, automated watch-keeping facility includes being installed on solaode panel area Some fixing far infrareds become phase device or are installed on the portable far infrared cleaned on dolly and become phase device, fixing far infrared to become phase Device or portable far infrared become phase device to be connected with background monitoring device by wired or wireless, and background monitoring device sets There is autoalarm.
Further, also including automatic control system, automatic control system includes carrying out both-way communication with cleaning dolly Remote center control room controls device and cleans dolly and solar panel carries out the backstage display device of one-way communication and complete Automatically device for monitoring running.
Further, the long-range wireless remote control also including controlling to clean dolly start and stop controls device.
The beneficial effects of the utility model are: the hairbrush of integration cleans cleaner, it is to avoid between hairbrush monomer Gap and the cleaning that causes is omitted;Bogie wheel and power wheel outer housing crawler belt, have larger gap or the discrepancy in elevation between solar panel Or in the case of both having, can effectively clean equally;Multiple rows of solar panel can be realized different with a cleaning equipment Row conversion and be accurately positioned, simple in construction, cost of manufacture is low, and automatization is effective;By quick charge device, the sun can be made Energy cell panel clearing apparatus battery is lighter, runs more energy efficient;Can realize solar panel clean or safety monitoring system with Controllers wireless bidirectional communication long-distance remote control, it is also possible to realize backstage show, central control room control, it is achieved solar-electricity Pond plate sweeper position display fault alarm, remote activation, remote parking, cell panel hot spot show and the function such as warning.
(4) accompanying drawing explanation
Below in conjunction with the accompanying drawings this utility model is further described.
Accompanying drawing 1 is plan structure schematic diagram of the present utility model;
Accompanying drawing 2 is side-looking structural representation of the present utility model;
Accompanying drawing 3 is the plan structure schematic diagram of conversion equipment of the present utility model;
Accompanying drawing 4 is the side-looking structural representation of conversion equipment of the present utility model;
Accompanying drawing 5 is charging device structural representation of the present utility model;
Accompanying drawing 6 becomes phase device scheme of installation for fixing far infrared of the present utility model;
Accompanying drawing 7 becomes phase device scheme of installation for portable far infrared of the present utility model;
Accompanying drawing 8 is automatic control system structured flowchart of the present utility model;
In figure, 1 solar panel, 2 clean dolly, 3 brush sweepers, 4 heavy burden wheels, 5 power transmission boxes, and 6 actively drive Driving wheel group, 7 driven driving wheels, 8 crawler belts, 9 active drive wheels, 10 driven driving wheels, 11 bogie wheels, 12 conversion dollies, 13 the One support bar, 14 second support bars, 15 screw rods, 16 positioning motors, location contact point on 17,18 times location contact points, 19 guide rails, 20 switch boards, 21 first accumulator, 22 actuating units, 23 power solaodes, 24 control panels, 25 controllers, 26 Two accumulator, 27 reserve batteries, 28 accumulator fill device soon, and 29 charging location contact points, 30 fix far infrared becomes phase device, and 31 move Dynamic formula far infrared becomes phase device, 32 background monitoring devices, 33 autoalarms.
(5) detailed description of the invention
Accompanying drawing is a kind of specific embodiment of the present utility model.This embodiment includes solar panel 1, solaode Plate 1 is provided with cleaning dolly 2, cleans and is provided with brush sweeper 3 on dolly 2, and brush sweeper 3 is integrated to be made, and cleans dolly 2 Bottom is provided with heavy burden wheels 4, cleans and is arranged over power transmission box 5 bottom dolly 2, is provided with master bottom power transmission box 5 The dynamic wheels 6 that drive, bottom cleaning dolly 2, bottom part down is provided with driven driving wheels 7, active drive wheels 6 and driven driving Wheels 7 are walked along solar panel 1 side, are respectively equipped with outside active drive wheels 6, driven driving wheels 7 and heavy burden wheels 4 Crawler belt 8.Active drive wheels 6 are positioned in two active drive wheels 9, the driven driving wheels 7 at two ends be positioned at two ends two Between in driven driving wheel 10 and heavy burden wheels 4, two bogie wheels 11 at two ends respectively and leave between solar panel 1 Gap.Also including driving and clean dolly 2 conversion equipment of motion between different solar panels 1, conversion equipment includes Conversion dolly 12, conversion dolly 12 rear and front end is separately installed with the first support bar 13 and in order to support bottom cleaning dolly 2 Second support bar 14, the first support bar 13 top is hinged with and connects the screw rod 15 cleaning dolly 2 top, screw rod 15 and positioning motor 16 are connected.Solar panel 1 top is provided with the upper location contact point 17 corresponding with cleaning dolly 2, solar panel 1 time Portion is provided with the lower location contact point 18 corresponding with cleaning dolly 2.Conversion dolly 12 is walked along guide rail 19, and conversion dolly 12 is installed Switch board 20 and the first accumulator 21, the first accumulator 21 is had to connect the actuating unit having to drive conversion dolly 12 walking 22.Also including charging device, charging device includes being arranged at the power solaode 23 above cleaning dolly 2 and chain of command Plate 24, control panel 24 is provided with controller 25, cleans dolly 2 bottom surface and is provided with the second accumulator 26 and reserve battery 27, the sun Can be provided with thinking that the accumulator that the second accumulator 26 is charged fills device 28 soon cell panel 1 side.Clean dolly 2 and solaode It is correspondingly provided with on plate 1 with the charging location contact point 29 thinking the second accumulator 26 charging.Also include automated watch-keeping facility, automatically Monitoring device includes that the some fixing far infrared being installed on around solar panel 1 becomes phase device 30 or is installed on cleaning dolly Portable far infrared on 2 becomes phase device 31, fixing far infrared to become phase device 30 or portable far infrared to become phase device 31 to pass through Wired or wireless being connected with background monitoring device 32, background monitoring device 32 is provided with autoalarm 33.Also include certainly Autocontrol system, automatic control system include with the remote center control room cleaning dolly 2 and carrying out both-way communication control device and Cleaning dolly 2 and solar panel 1 carry out backstage display device and the fully automatic operation monitoring device of one-way communication.Also include Device is controlled in order to control to clean the long-range wireless remote control of dolly 2 start and stop.
Using a kind of solar panel automatic sweeping system of the present utility model, power transmission box 5 drives active drive Wheels 6 run, and then drive cleaning dolly 2 to move to the other end from one end of solar panel 1, power transmission box 5 simultaneously Drive brush sweeper 3 to rotate backward solar panel 1 is cleaned.Brush sweeper 3 is made into integration, it is to avoid each two is clear Because of the omission having space to cause between brooming brush monomer, so, after cleaning dolly 2 is walked, any cleaning blind area will not be produced.Negative Roller group 4, active drive wheels 6 and driven driving wheels 7 outer housing crawler belt 8, and often group is positioned at two ends two bogie wheels 11, Two active drive wheels 9 and two driven driving wheels 10 leave solar panel 1 certain distance, so, at solaode In the case of having larger gap or the discrepancy in elevation between plate 1 or both having, still can pass through and effectively clean.Clean little Car 2, after having cleaned row's solar panel 1, falls within conversion dolly 12, and conversion dolly 12 drives it to enter next row and treats The solar panel 1 cleaned cleans.Second support bar 14 is the most fixing, in order to support cleaning dolly 2 bottom, by fixed Position motor 16 drive screw rod 15 to rotate, and then realize clean dolly 2 inclination angle change, it is possible to by hydraulic means realize lifting from And change its inclination angle;Upper location contact point 17 and lower location contact point 18 can realize different row's solar panel 1 location and The location of different angle;By default guide rail 19, it is achieved be accurately positioned, solve solar panel 1 difference in height of difference row Different problem.First accumulator 21 powers to actuating unit 22, drives conversion dolly 12 to walk, it is also possible to mobile hawser realizes multiple rows of Between conversion, switch board 20 can carry out Automated condtrol to whole process.Power gives the shifting cleaning dolly 2 with solaode 23 Dynamic, brush sweeper 3 is powered, and utilizes charging location contact point 29 to position, is filled device 28 by accumulator soon and fill to the second accumulator 26 Electricity, can make cleaning dolly 2 battery lighter, run more energy efficient, the most also reserve battery 27, makes system run more reliable, more Safety, even if main battery breaks down, still has reserve battery 27 can find fault in time for robot control system(RCS), row Except fault.Control panel 24 and controller 25 comprise monitoring and show that electric power system fault is reported to the police and accumulator height electricity is reported to the police Device, and battery low-electricity quantity can be controlled be automatically stopped operation start charging and Full Charge Capacity is automatically stopped charging and starts running.Little rule Solar panel 1 monitoring of mould can set several fixing far infrareds around and become phase device 30, and carries wired or wireless signal Transmitting device, is monitored by background monitoring device 32.Portable far infrared can be become by large-scale solar panel 1 monitoring Phase device 31 is arranged on full factory multiple rows of automatic cleaning dolly 2 or on special mobile formula automonitor, and carries wired or wireless Signal transmitting apparatus, is monitored by background monitoring device 32 and realizes the monitoring of full factory.Use the infrared imaging technique of hot spot, You Xianhuo Wireless signal transmission can realize image transmitting, backstage shows, thus understands hot spot area and temperature, and then understands the sun The damaged condition of energy cell panel 1.Hot spot infrared imaging technique device, can carry autoalarm 33, and teletransmission report Alert signal, it is possible to backstage receives monitoring signal and reports to the police in backstage.Remote center's control room controls device can realize multiple rows of solar energy Cell panel 1 cleans or Safety Monitoring Automation controls;Backstage display device can carry out solar panel 1 hot spot and show, position Display, malfunction coefficient, state shows;Long-range wireless remote control controls device can realize long-range start-stop car, state to cleaning dolly 2 Display, fault alarm.

Claims (10)

1. a solar panel automatic sweeping system, including solar panel (1), solar panel (1) is provided with Clean dolly (2), it is characterized in that: cleaning and be provided with brush sweeper (3) on dolly (2), brush sweeper (3) is integrated to be made, Cleaning dolly (2) bottom and be provided with heavy burden wheels (4), clean dolly (2) bottom and be arranged over power transmission box (5), power passes Dynamic case (5) bottom is provided with active drive wheels (6), cleans dolly (2) bottom bottom part down and is provided with driven driving wheels (7), active drive wheels (6) and driven driving wheels (7) are walked along solar panel (1) side, active drive wheels (6), it is respectively equipped with crawler belt (8) outside driven driving wheels (7) and heavy burden wheels (4).
A kind of solar panel automatic sweeping system the most according to claim 1, is characterized in that: active drive wheels (6) two the driven driving wheels being positioned at two ends in two active drive wheel (9), the driven driving wheels (7) at two ends it are positioned in (10) two bogie wheels (11) and being positioned at two ends in heavy burden wheels (4) respectively and leave gap between solar panel (1).
A kind of solar panel automatic sweeping system the most according to claim 1, is characterized in that: also include driving Cleaning dolly (2) conversion equipment of motion between different solar panels (1), conversion equipment includes changing dolly (12), Conversion dolly (12) rear and front end is separately installed with the first support bar (13) and in order to support second cleaned bottom dolly (2) Strut (14), the first support bar (13) top is hinged with and connects the screw rod (15) cleaning dolly (2) top, screw rod (15) and location Motor (16) is connected.
A kind of solar panel automatic sweeping system the most according to claim 3, is characterized in that: solar panel (1) top is provided with upper location contact point (17) corresponding with cleaning dolly (2), and solar panel (1) bottom is provided with and cleans Lower location contact point (18) that dolly (2) is corresponding.
A kind of solar panel automatic sweeping system the most according to claim 3, is characterized in that: conversion dolly (12) edge Guide rail (19) is walked, and conversion dolly (12) is provided with switch board (20) and the first accumulator (21), and the first accumulator (21) is even It is connected to the actuating unit (22) driving conversion dolly (12) to walk.
A kind of solar panel automatic sweeping system the most according to claim 1, is characterized in that: also include charging dress Putting, charging device includes being arranged at and cleans the above power solaode (23) of dolly (2) and control panel (24), control Panel (24) is provided with controller (25), cleans dolly (2) bottom surface and is provided with the second accumulator (26) and reserve battery (27), the sun Can be provided with thinking that the accumulator that the second accumulator (26) is charged fills device (28) soon cell panel (1) side.
A kind of solar panel automatic sweeping system the most according to claim 6, is characterized in that: clean dolly (2) with It is correspondingly provided with on solar panel (1) with charging location contact point (29) thinking that the second accumulator (26) is charged.
A kind of solar panel automatic sweeping system the most according to claim 1, is characterized in that: also include automatically monitoring Device, automated watch-keeping facility include being installed on solar panel (1) some fixing far infrared around become phase device (30) or Being installed on the portable far infrared cleaned on dolly (2) and become phase device (31), fixing far infrared becomes phase device (30) or movable type Far infrared becomes phase device (31) to be connected with background monitoring device (32) by wired or wireless, and background monitoring device sets on (32) There is autoalarm (33).
A kind of solar panel automatic sweeping system the most according to claim 1, is characterized in that: also include automatically controlling System, automatic control system includes that the remote center's control room carrying out both-way communication with cleaning dolly (2) controls device and cleans Dolly (2) and solar panel (1) carry out backstage display device and the fully automatic operation monitoring device of one-way communication.
A kind of solar panel automatic sweeping system the most according to claim 9, is characterized in that: also include controlling System cleans the long-range wireless remote control of dolly (2) start and stop and controls device.
CN201620182620.6U 2016-03-10 2016-03-10 Automatic cleaning system of solar cell panel Withdrawn - After Issue CN205647402U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201620182620.6U CN205647402U (en) 2016-03-10 2016-03-10 Automatic cleaning system of solar cell panel

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201620182620.6U CN205647402U (en) 2016-03-10 2016-03-10 Automatic cleaning system of solar cell panel

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN205647402U true CN205647402U (en) 2016-10-12

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Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201620182620.6U Withdrawn - After Issue CN205647402U (en) 2016-03-10 2016-03-10 Automatic cleaning system of solar cell panel

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Country Link
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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105680789A (en) * 2016-03-10 2016-06-15 山东豪沃电气有限公司 Automatic cleaning system for solar cell panel
CN106424056A (en) * 2016-11-11 2017-02-22 杭州品联科技有限公司 Cleaning equipment and photovoltaic module cleaning system

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105680789A (en) * 2016-03-10 2016-06-15 山东豪沃电气有限公司 Automatic cleaning system for solar cell panel
CN106424056A (en) * 2016-11-11 2017-02-22 杭州品联科技有限公司 Cleaning equipment and photovoltaic module cleaning system

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GR01 Patent grant
AV01 Patent right actively abandoned
AV01 Patent right actively abandoned

Granted publication date: 20161012

Effective date of abandoning: 20170801