Cardboard palletizing apparatus and cardboard stacking machine
This utility model relates to production packaging facilities technical field, is specifically related to the paper after packing cross cutting
Plate carries out cardboard stacking machine and the cardboard palletizing apparatus thereof of piling.
Corrugated board is fallen by the collision in handling process and falling because mechanical strength high energy supports, and is widely used as carton
The primary raw material produced.In production process, by the corrugated paper after the die-cutting machine cross cutting of upstream and baling press packing
Plate, need fitly pile on pallet, in order to follow-up twines film transport and storage.That takes at present arranges
Shi Shi: corrugated board after packing or carton are by a dead lift pile to pallet, and artificial stacking form exists
Problem be: not only labor intensity is big, and production efficiency is low, and is difficult to ensure that the neat specification of piling, piling
Of poor quality.
Summary of the invention
In view of this, first to be solved in the utility model technical problem is that: provide a kind of cardboard piling
Device, is applied to cardboard stacking machine, substitutes hand stowage, to reduce labor intensity, improve piling efficiency and
For solving above-mentioned first technical problem, the technical solution of the utility model is: cardboard palletizing apparatus,
Including: main body frame, described main body frame includes that outside framework and inner frame, described outside framework include outside framework
Column and outside framework back timber, described inner frame includes inner frame column and inner frame back timber；On described outside framework
Being positioned at its side and be provided with cardboard hoisting mechanism, described outside framework back timber is provided with handgrip mechanism and handgrip translation machine
Structure；Described inner frame is provided with pallet lift delivering mechanism.
When utilizing cardboard palletizing apparatus piling of the present utility model, cardboard hoisting mechanism drives cardboard to be lifted up
To predetermined altitude, handgrip gear grips cardboard, cardboard hoisting mechanism declines reset, and handgrip translation mechanism drives
Handgrip mechanism and cardboard move into place position predetermined above the pallet on pallet lift delivering mechanism, handgrip
Mechanism's release cardboard, puts the appointment position on pallet by cardboard, whenever putting a full layer paperboard on pallet
After, pallet lift delivering mechanism drive pallet to decline certain altitude, then put another layer paperboard, when whole
After individual pallet stacking completes, pallet lift delivering mechanism drops to precalculated position, and pallet and paper stack is sent.
Cardboard palletizing apparatus of the present utility model substitutes hand stowage, reduces labor intensity, improves piling efficiency
With piling quality.
It is below the multinomial further optimization design to cardboard palletizing apparatus of the present utility model:
Wherein, described cardboard hoisting mechanism includes being driven liftable pallet fork by power set.
Further, described pallet fork is open-close type pallet fork, and each fork of described pallet fork is connected to pallet fork
Folding cylinder.Before sending into cardboard, pallet fork folding cylinder controls pallet fork and is in open mode, it is simple to cardboard is smooth
Send into, it is to avoid interfere；After sending into cardboard, pallet fork folding cylinder controls pallet fork and draws in, thus by cardboard
Support is on pallet fork, it is simple to follow-up lifting.
Wherein, described handgrip mechanism includes: clip board mechanism, and described clip board mechanism includes that two set relatively
The vertical clip board put, one of them clip board is fixation clamp cardboard, and another clip board is mobile holding paper
Plate, described mobile clip board moves the piston rod of cylinder and is connected with clip board.Cylinder control is moved by clip board
Mobile clip board linear reciprocating motion, matches with fixation clamp cardboard, it is achieved to the clamping of cardboard with unclamp merit
Further, described mobile clip board includes: superposed main body clamping plate and the L-shaped being positioned at bottom
Supporting plate, described L-shaped supporting plate is hinged with described main body clamping plate, and the outside of described main body clamping plate is provided with vertical turning over
Rotaring cylinder, the piston rod of described upset cylinder is hinged with described L-shaped supporting plate.For the characteristic of cardboard, to it
Clamping force can not be too big, is otherwise easily deformed；Can not be too small to its clamping force, the most easily slip, mobile
Clip board have employed fabricated structure, owing to cardboard is played certain support effect by L-shaped supporting plate, so,
The main body clamping plate of fixation clamp cardboard and mobile clip board are not required to the biggest clamping force to clamp cardboard, and cardboard is difficult to
Deformation, also will not slip；It is articulated and connected and overturns cylinder control mode owing to using, handgrip mechanism release paper
During plate, overturning cylinder action, L-shaped supporting plate outwards overturns, and releases the support to cardboard, discharges cardboard smoothly.
Further, described handgrip mechanism also includes: Tai Luo mechanism and rotating mechanism, and described Tai Luo mechanism wraps
Include piston rod down-set lift cylinder, described in lift the tailpiece of the piston rod of cylinder and be connected with the lower carriage of level,
Described clip board mechanism is located on described lower carriage and is disposed below；Described rotating mechanism includes for driving
Described clip board mechanism and the rotation servomotor of described Tai Luo mechanism unitary rotation.Lift machine owing to being provided with
Structure, during release cardboard, lifts cylinder piston rod and stretches out, lower carriage and clip board mechanism whereabouts predetermined altitude,
Clip board mechanism release cardboard, after cardboard release, lifts cylinder piston rod retraction, lower carriage and holding paper trigger
Structure raises reset.Clip board mechanism and Tai Luo mechanism unitary rotation, code can be driven owing to rotating servomotor
During buttress, cardboard can be made towards predetermined orientation, meet piling rule requirement.
Further, described handgrip translation mechanism includes: a group be located on described outside framework back timber is the most straight
Line guide rail, is located at described in one group the crossing frame on longitudinal line slideway, described crossing frame be provided with one group horizontal
Line slideway；And watch for the transverse translation that drives described handgrip mechanism to translate along described horizontal line slideway
Take motor, and for the longitudinal translation servomotor driving described crossing frame to translate along described longitudinal line slideway.
Two groups of line slideways and two translation servo-motors are used to realize the translation in transverse direction and longitudinal direction of the handgrip mechanism,
Meeting piling needs, translation precision is high, speed is fast.
Wherein, described pallet lift delivering mechanism includes: driven liftable pallet support machine by power set
Structure, described pallet support mechanism includes support framework, and the automatic transport roller-way being located on described support framework；
Described power set include the driving chain driving motor and being driven by, described support framework and described transmission
Chain connects.On pallet after putting a full layer paperboard, motor is driven to drive driving chain to drive pallet to hold
Support mechanism declines certain altitude, then puts another layer paperboard；After whole pallet stacking completes, pallet lift
Delivering mechanism drops to precalculated position, and pallet and whole buttress paper are sent by automatic transport roller-way.
Wherein, described outside framework column is provided with paper feed rule mechanism of paper, described paper feed rule mechanism of paper and described paper
Plate hoisting mechanism is positioned at the same side of outside framework, and described paper feed rule mechanism of paper includes the paper feed rule paper of vertical setting
Plate, described paper feed rule cardboard is connected with paper feed rule paper cylinder, is used for correcting during paper feed issuable crooked existing
As；The piling that is formed around on described inner frame back timber advises mechanism of paper, and described piling rule mechanism of paper includes vertical
The piling rule cardboard arranged, described piling rule cardboard and piling advise paper cylinder and be connected, can when being used for correcting piling
The crooked phenomenon that can produce.
Based on total utility model design, second to be solved in the utility model technical problem is that:
A kind of cardboard stacking machine is provided, substitutes artificial, it is achieved self-feeding, automatic stacking, automatically export paper stack,
To reduce labor intensity, improve piling efficiency and piling quality.
For solving above-mentioned second technical problem, the technical solution of the utility model is: cardboard stacking machine, bag
Include: above-described any one cardboard palletizing apparatus, be positioned at cardboard below described cardboard hoisting mechanism and send into
Mechanism, it is positioned at the pallet feeding mechanism of described outside framework opposite side and is positioned at the paper of described outside framework side again
Buttress delivering mechanism, described cardboard feeding mechanism, pallet feeding mechanism and paper stack delivering mechanism all include carriage
Frame and the automatic transport roller-way being located in described support frame.Automatic transport roller-way achieves cardboard and pallet
It is automatically fed into and automatically the sending of pallet after piling and paper stack.
When utilizing cardboard stacking machine piling of the present utility model, pallet is delivered to pallet lift by pallet feeding mechanism
On delivering mechanism, pallet lift delivering mechanism drives pallet to rise to eminence；Cardboard from last process through cardboard
Feeding mechanism is delivered on cardboard hoisting mechanism, and cardboard hoisting mechanism drives cardboard to be lifted up predetermined altitude,
Handgrip gear grips cardboard, cardboard hoisting mechanism declines reset, and handgrip translation mechanism drives handgrip mechanism and paper
Plate moves to position predetermined above pallet, handgrip mechanism release cardboard, and cardboard is put the finger on pallet
Location is put, and on pallet after putting a full layer paperboard, pallet lift delivering mechanism drives pallet to decline one
Fixed height, then puts another layer paperboard, after whole pallet stacking completes, under pallet lift delivering mechanism
Drop to precalculated position, and deliver on paper stack delivering mechanism, paper stack delivering mechanism export by pallet and whole buttress paper.
After have employed technique scheme, during cardboard stacking machine piling of the present utility model, it is achieved that pallet
Be automatically fed into and cardboard is sent into, paper feed rule paper, promote, capture, translate, rotate, discharge, piling rule paper,
Paper stack declines, the automatization that sends of paper stack, utilize cardboard stacking machine of the present utility model can by after packing watt
Corrugated paper board or carton fitly carry out piling by predetermined putting position and rule, substitute hand stowage, it is achieved
Automation mechanized operation, piling quality is good, and piling speed is fast, saves manpower.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is the cardboard stacking machine structural representation of this utility model embodiment；
Fig. 2 is the detailed construction schematic diagram of Fig. 1；
Fig. 3 is the schematic side view (after removing paper stack delivering mechanism) of Fig. 2；
Fig. 4 is the handgrip mechanism enlarged diagram in Fig. 3；
In figure: I-main body frame；II-cardboard feeding mechanism；III-cardboard hoisting mechanism；IV-handgrip mechanism；
V-handgrip translation mechanism；VI-pallet lift delivering mechanism；VII-pallet feeding mechanism；VIII-paper stack is sent
Go out mechanism；IX-paper feed rule mechanism of paper；XI-piling rule mechanism of paper；
1-outside framework；1a-outside framework column；1b-outside framework back timber；1c-outside framework bottom girder；2-inner frame；
2a-inner frame column；2b-inner frame back timber；2c-inner frame bottom girder；3-support frame；4-roller-way；5-
Pallet fork；6-pallet fork folding cylinder；7-servomotor；8-vertical lines guide rail；9-clip board mechanism；91-
Fixation clamp cardboard；92-moves clip board；921-main body clamping plate；922-L shape supporting plate；923-jointed shaft；924-
Upset cylinder；93-clip board moves cylinder；94-lower carriage；941-guide rod；10-lifts cylinder；101-
Upper bracket；11-rotates servomotor；12-longitudinal translation servomotor；13-crossing frame；14-longitudinal direction straight line
Guide rail；15-transverse translation servomotor；The horizontal line slideway of 16-；17-support framework；18-roller-way；19-
Drive motor；20-driving chain；21-guide rail；22-support frame；23-roller-way；24-support frame；25-
Roller-way；26-paper feed rule paper cylinder；27-paper feed rule cardboard；28-piling rule paper cylinder；29-piling rule cardboard；
30-electric machines for roller；31-chain and sprocket driving device；A-cardboard；B-paper stack；C-pallet.
Detailed description of the invention
Below in conjunction with the accompanying drawings preferred embodiment of the present utility model is described in detail.Should be appreciated that herein
Described specific embodiment, only in order to explain this utility model, is not used to limit this utility model.
For the ease of describing, paper feed direction is defined as longitudinal direction, i.e. the Y-direction of coordinate system in Fig. 2；With longitudinal direction
Vertical direction is laterally, i.e. in Fig. 2 the X of coordinate system to；To define to vertical direction with Y-direction and X
For vertically, i.e. the Z-direction of coordinate system in Fig. 2.
As it is shown in figure 1, cardboard stacking machine of the present utility model, including: cardboard palletizing apparatus, cardboard are sent into
Mechanism II, pallet feeding mechanism VII and paper stack delivering mechanism VIII.
Wherein, cardboard palletizing apparatus includes: main body frame I, and this main body frame I includes outside framework 1 and interior
Framework 2, wherein outside framework 1 includes outside framework column 1a, outside framework back timber 1b and outside framework bottom girder 1c,
Inner frame 2 includes inner frame column 2a, inner frame back timber 2b and inner frame bottom girder 2c；On outside framework 1
Be positioned at cardboard feeding mechanism II is arranged over cardboard hoisting mechanism III, is provided with on outside framework back timber 1b
Handgrip mechanism IV and handgrip translation mechanism V, outside framework column 1a are provided with paper feed rule mechanism of paper IX；Including
Framework 2 is provided with pallet lift delivering mechanism VI, inner frame back timber 2b and is provided with piling rule mechanism of paper XI.
As in figure 2 it is shown, wherein, cardboard hoisting mechanism III includes being driven liftable pallet fork by power set
5, in the present embodiment, power set specifically have employed servomotor 7 and the vertical lines guide rail 8 being driven by,
Vertical lines guide rail 8 is installed on outside framework back timber 1b and outside framework bottom girder 1c, and pallet fork 5 can be the most straight
Line guide rail 8 lifts.Certainly, power set can also use lead screw transmission, chain drive or the synchronization of routine
The modes such as V belt translation.Wherein, pallet fork 5 is open-close type pallet fork, and each fork of pallet fork 5 is connected to one
Individual pallet fork folding cylinder 6.
As shown in Figure 2 and Figure 4, wherein, handgrip mechanism IV includes: clip board mechanism 9, this holding paper trigger
Structure 9 includes two vertical clip boards being oppositely arranged, and one of them clip board is fixation clamp cardboard 91, separately
One clip board is mobile clip board 92, and this moves clip board 92 and moves cylinder with horizontally disposed clip board
The piston rod of 93 connects.Moved cylinder 93 by clip board and control mobile clip board 92 linear reciprocating motion, with
Fixation clamp cardboard 91 matches, it is achieved clamping and the release function to cardboard.
As shown in Figure 4, wherein, move clip board 92 to include: superposed main body clamping plate 921 and being positioned at
The L-shaped supporting plate 922 of bottom, L-shaped supporting plate 922 and main body clamping plate 921 are hinged by jointed shaft 923, are leading
The outside of body clamping plate 921 is provided with vertical upset cylinder 924, the piston rod of upset cylinder 924 and L-shaped torr
Plate 922 is hinged.For the characteristic of cardboard, can not be too big to its clamping force, otherwise it is easily deformed；It is pressed from both sides
Clamp force can not be too small, the most easily slips, and mobile clip board 92 have employed fabricated structure, due to L-shaped torr
Cardboard is played certain support effect, so, fixation clamp cardboard 91 and mobile clip board 92 by plate 922
Main body clamping plate 921 are not required to the biggest clamping force to clamp cardboard, and cardboard is unlikely to deform, and also will not slip；By
Being articulated and connected in employing and overturn cylinder control mode, during handgrip mechanism release cardboard, upset cylinder 924 moves
Making, L-shaped supporting plate 922 outwards overturns, and releases the support to cardboard, can discharge cardboard smoothly.
As shown in Figure 4, wherein, handgrip mechanism IV also includes: Tai Luo mechanism and rotating mechanism, Tai Luo mechanism
Including piston rod down-set lift cylinder 10, be connected with level at the tailpiece of the piston rod lifting cylinder 10
Lower carriage 94, described clip board mechanism 9 is located on lower carriage 94 and is disposed below, lower carriage 94
It is arranged over guide rod 941；Rotating mechanism includes for driving clip board mechanism 9 and Tai Luo mechanism's unitary rotation
Rotation servomotor 11, rotate servomotor 11 be all installed on upper bracket 101 with lifting cylinder 10.
Owing to being provided with Tai Luo mechanism, release cardboard time, the piston rod lifting cylinder 10 stretches out, lower carriage 94 and
Clip board mechanism 9 falls predetermined altitude, clip board mechanism release cardboard, after cardboard release, lifts cylinder 10
Piston rod retraction, lower carriage 94 and clip board mechanism raise reset.Can carry because rotating servomotor 11
Dynamic clip board mechanism and Tai Luo mechanism unitary rotation, during piling, can make cardboard towards predetermined orientation, expire
Foot piling rule requirement.
As in figure 2 it is shown, wherein, handgrip translation mechanism V includes: is located at a group on outside framework back timber 1b and indulges
To line slideway 14, the crossing frame 13 being located on one group of longitudinal direction line slideway 14, handgrip mechanism IV is located at horizontal stroke
On framework 13, crossing frame 13 is provided with one group of horizontal line slideway 16；And be used for driving handgrip mechanism
The transverse translation servomotor 15 of IV transversely line slideway 16 translation, and be used for driving crossing frame 13 along vertical
Longitudinal translation servomotor 12 to line slideway 14 translation.Two groups of line slideways and two translations are used to watch
Taking motor and realize the translation in transverse direction and longitudinal direction of the handgrip mechanism, meet piling needs, translation precision is high, fast
Degree is fast.
As shown in Figures 2 and 3, wherein, pallet lift delivering mechanism VI includes: being driven by power set can
The pallet support mechanism of lifting, pallet support mechanism includes support framework 17 and is located on support framework 17
Automatic transport roller-way, automatic transport roller-way includes the roller-way 18 driven by motor 30 by chain and sprocket driving device 31；
Wherein, power set include the driving chain 20 driving motor 19 and being driven by, support framework 17 and biography
Dynamic chain 20 connects.On pallet after putting a full layer paperboard, motor 19 is driven to drive driving chain 20
Drive pallet support mechanism to decline certain altitude along guide rail 21, then put another layer paperboard；Whole pallet code
After having piled up neatly, pallet lift delivering mechanism VI drops to precalculated position, and automatic transport roller-way is by pallet and whole buttress
Paper is sent.
As in figure 2 it is shown, wherein, paper feed rule mechanism of paper IX is located on two outside framework column 1a and is positioned at paper
The top of plate feeding mechanism II, is used for correcting issuable crooked phenomenon during paper feed, with cardboard hoisting mechanism
III is positioned at the same side of outside framework 1, and paper feed rule mechanism of paper IX includes the paper feed rule cardboard 27 of vertical setting
Paper cylinder 26 is advised with connected paper feed.Described piling rule mechanism of paper XI is located in four of inner frame 2
On framework back timber 2b, being used for correcting issuable crooked phenomenon during piling, piling rule mechanism of paper XI includes
The piling rule cardboard 29 of vertical setting and connected piling rule paper cylinder 28.
As in figure 2 it is shown, wherein, cardboard feeding mechanism II, pallet feeding mechanism VII and paper stack delivering mechanism
The structure of VIII is roughly the same.Cardboard feeding mechanism II includes support frame 3 and is located in support frame 3
Automatic transport roller-way, automatic transport roller-way includes being driven by Chain conveyer (not shown) by motor
Roller-way 4.Pallet feeding mechanism VII includes support frame 22 and the automatic transport being located in support frame 22
Roller-way, automatic transport roller-way includes the roller-way 23 driven by motor by Chain conveyer (not shown).Paper
Buttress delivering mechanism VIII includes support frame 24 and the automatic transport roller-way being located in support frame 24, automatically
Rollgang includes the roller-way 25 driven by motor by Chain conveyer (not shown).
Cardboard stacking machine palletization of the present utility model is as follows:
Reference Fig. 3, the trend of the corrugated board A after arrow show packing in figure, during piling, pallet C
Delivered on pallet lift delivering mechanism VI by pallet feeding mechanism VII, drive motor 19 to start, driving-chain
Bar 20 rotates, and pallet support mechanism drive pallet C rises to eminence；Cardboard A send through cardboard from last process
Entering mechanism II to send into, paper feed rule mechanism of paper IX advise paper, the pallet fork 5 of cardboard hoisting mechanism III draws in,
By placed on it for cardboard A, servomotor 7 starts, pallet fork 5 drive cardboard A vertically line slideway 8 to
On rise to predetermined altitude, clip board moves cylinder 93 action, and mobile clip board 92 is towards fixation clamp cardboard
91 move, and coordinate with it and are clamped by cardboard A, and cardboard hoisting mechanism III declines reset；Longitudinal translation servo
Motor 12 action, crossing frame 13 drives handgrip mechanism IV and cardboard A to translate along longitudinal line slideway 14,
Transverse translation servomotor 15 action, handgrip mechanism IV and cardboard A transversely line slideway 16 translates, or
Person's longitudinal translation servomotor 12 exchanges with the sequence of movement of transverse translation servomotor 15, arrives pallet C
The position that top is predetermined；Lift cylinder 10 action, lower carriage 94 and clip board mechanism 9 to fall predetermined altitude,
Upset cylinder 924 action, L-shaped supporting plate 922 outwards overturns, and releases the support to cardboard A, and cardboard A releases
Put the position specified to pallet C, lift cylinder 10 action, lower carriage 94 and clip board mechanism 9 and raise
Reset；If any placed angle requirement, rotate servomotor 11 and start, drive clip board mechanism 9 and lift machine
Structure unitary rotation predetermined angular (such as 90 °), makes cardboard A towards predetermined orientation；So repeat, torr
On dish C after putting a full layer paperboard, piling rule paper cylinder 28 action of surrounding, each piling rule cardboard
29 coordinate flood cardboard rule paper, and pallet lift delivering mechanism VI drives pallet C to decline certain altitude, so
After put another layer paperboard, after whole pallet C piling completes, pallet lift delivering mechanism VI drops to pre-
Location is put, and motor 30 starts, and drives roller-way 18 to operate by chain and sprocket driving device 31, by good to pallet C and code
Paper stack B deliver on paper stack delivering mechanism VIII.