CN205052393U - It is desolate and boundless regional with water conservation of pipe network formula and prevention waterlogging irrigation system - Google Patents

It is desolate and boundless regional with water conservation of pipe network formula and prevention waterlogging irrigation system Download PDF

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Publication number
CN205052393U
CN205052393U CN201520567721.0U CN201520567721U CN205052393U CN 205052393 U CN205052393 U CN 205052393U CN 201520567721 U CN201520567721 U CN 201520567721U CN 205052393 U CN205052393 U CN 205052393U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
outer tube
water
pipe
irrigation system
provided
Prior art date
Application number
CN201520567721.0U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
李明杨
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李明杨
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A20/00Water conservation; Efficient water supply; Efficient water use
    • Y02A20/10Relating to general water supply, e.g. municipal or domestic water supply
    • Y02A20/108Rainwater harvesting

Abstract

The utility model belongs to the technical field of irrigate the water conservation, concretely relates to it is desolate and boundless regional with water conservation of pipe network formula and prevention waterlogging irrigation system, this system includes: raceway, raceway lower extreme are equipped with the outlet pipe that the level was laid, and this outlet pipe comprises outer tube and the inner tube that is located the outer tube, and it has the aperture all to gather on outer tube and the inner tube, inner tube one end and defeated water piping connection are managed including the sealed parcel of outer tube, the outer tube lower extreme has a water drainage pipe through the pipe connection, sets up even that gather, diameter on should water drainage pipe for 10 -20mm's aperture, connects to be equipped with the return water baffle on outer tube and the pipeline of managing that drains flooded fields. The utility model discloses not only solved when the water yield is abundant the condition that the unnecessary water yield caused flood, moreover can be with infiltration to the underground that water is rapid, the save of maximum possible moisture.

Description

Desert areas ductwork type water saving and prevention waterlogging irrigation system

Technical field

The utility model belongs to water-efficient irrigation technical field, is specifically related to desert areas ductwork type water saving and prevention waterlogging irrigation system.

Background technology

Water is the most fundamental maintaining plant growth, particularly in arid and semi-arid lands, obtains the maximum irrigation benifit of crops, seem particularly important with limited water resource.Based on the partial root zone alternate irrigation technology that the root signal theory of water-saving irrigation technique principle and crop perception lack of water proposes, the soil being control crop root mobile layer is initiatively dry in certain region of level or vertical section, make crop root some growth all the time in dry or comparatively dry soil region, limit the root water uptake of this part, by Artificial Control, root system is alternately occurred in the arid region of level or vertical section simultaneously, make the root system of dry section generation water stress signal transmission to leaf stoma thus effectively regulate stomatal closure, and the root system being in humid region absorbs moisture to meet the need of the minimum life of crop from soil, within making that critical limit is remained on to the injury of crop.Be in arid biogeographic zone because topsoil is always intermittent simultaneously, between so both can having reduced even moistening time invalid evaporation loss and total irrigation water capacity, also can reduce soil by machines intensity, improve the permeability of soil, promote the compensatory growth of root system, improve root system to the availability of moisture, nutrient, improve the validity of mineral nutrient, reach the object of water saving not sacrifice the Accumlation of photosynthates of crop.

China is one of country of maximum, the water resource wretched insufficiency of dry areas in the world, Arid&semi-arid area area

Account for the half of area.Therefore, study water-saving irrigation technique to be extremely necessary.Existing water-saving irrigation technique has sprinkling irrigation, infiltrating irrigation, micro-infiltrating irrigation, drip irrigation, trace filling etc.Sprinkling irrigation, infiltrating irrigation and micro-infiltrating irrigation are manual control and irrigate opportunity and irrigation quantity, belong to " passive type " Irrigation, trace is filled with and is made water outlet end can real-time response crop water trigger signal by special version, change existing " passive type " Irrigation, realize crop " active " water intaking in appropriate amount in real time.

When there is heavy rain in desert areas, due to desert areas vegetation sparse, surface storage ability, easy generation flood, during generation flood, surface water runs off in a large number, unnecessary moisture is not stored in earth surface area, be such as disclose a kind of water-saving irrigation system in the patent document of 201220228596.7 in the patent No., the water-saving irrigation system complex structure that this patent document discloses, and the water needing special well to store when there is flood, and water WIH needs the outside facility such as water tower to operate.When the plantation of existing desert areas is irrigated, be all the mode emphasizing as much as possible to economize on water, and not in fundamentally corrective measure, therefore, possible greatly is to the greatest extent stored in underground by the moisture run off in earth's surface, just seems particularly important.

Summary of the invention

The purpose of this utility model is exactly the system that will provide a kind of trees of planting in desert, irrigation water (comprising fertilizer) can directly directly adopt the mode of outlet pipe to be transported to root system of plant by this system, reduce evaporation and the loss of moisture, utilize water resource to greatest extent, and when there is flood, the rainwater accumulated in a large number can be carried out desert areas ductwork type water saving and the prevention waterlogging irrigation system of water drainage operation by prevention waterlogging pipe.

The utility model is achieved through the following technical solutions:

Desert areas ductwork type water saving and prevention waterlogging irrigation system, comprise outlet pipe 7, it is characterized in that: this outlet pipe 7 is by outer tube 71 and be positioned at outer tube 71 pipe 72 and form, aquifer is provided with between outer tube 71 and interior pipe 72, outer tube 71 and interior pipe 72 are coaxially arranged, and outer tube 71 and interior pipe 72 are provided with aperture; Described outer tube 71 upper end is connected with collection rain catch basin; Described outer tube 71 lower end is connected with water drainage pipe 8 by pipeline, and the pipeline connecting outer tube 71 and water drainage pipe 8 is provided with backwater baffle plate 9.

Desert areas ductwork type water saving and prevention waterlogging irrigation system, comprise water tank 1, water-supply-pipe 2, and the outlet pipe 7 to be connected with water tank 1 by water-supply-pipe 2, it is characterized in that: this outlet pipe 7 is by outer tube 71 and be positioned at outer tube 71 pipe 72 and form, be provided with aquifer between outer tube 71 and interior pipe 72, outer tube 71 and interior pipe 72 are coaxially arranged, and outer tube 71 and interior pipe 72 are provided with aperture; Described outer tube 71 upper end is connected with collection rain catch basin; Described outer tube 71 lower end is connected with water drainage pipe 8 by pipeline, and the pipeline connecting outer tube 71 and water drainage pipe 8 is provided with backwater baffle plate 9.

In order to better realize the purpose of this utility model, described water drainage pipe 8 offers evenly gather, diameter is the aperture of 10-20mm.

In order to better realize the purpose of this utility model, described collection rain catch basin is by rainwater-collecting mouth 3, be positioned at the water leg 4 of rainwater-collecting mouth 3 lower end, and the vaporization prevention cover plate 5 be located on rainwater-collecting mouth 3 forms, this vaporization prevention cover plate 5 surface is provided with back taper through hole.

In order to better realize the purpose of this utility model, in rainwater-collecting mouth 3, be provided with multiple filtration plate 6.

Compared with prior art, the beneficial effects of the utility model are:

1) the utility model irrigation system only soil near moistening crop root, directly adopts the mode of outlet pipe that root system of plant is delivered in water transport, reduces evaporation and the loss of moisture, utilize water resource to greatest extent.

2) under the larger irrigation quantity effect of traditional ditch border irrigation, soil in protected field is subject to more washing away, compacting and erosion, if intertillage is loosened the soil not in time, can cause seriously hardening, air capacity of soils declines, and soil structure suffers to a certain degree to destroy.And the utility model irrigation system belongs to trace irrigation, moisture slowly infiltrates soil equably, can play maintenance effect to soil structure.

3) moisture is delivered directly to root system of plant by the utility model irrigation system, and earth's surface keeps dry, and decreases earth's surface weeds, does not also affect other farming activities, saving of work and time during irrigation.

4) irrigation system of the present utility model, when usually carrying out irrigation operation, backwater baffle plate is closed, when abundant water, after the retaining cotton water suction be located between outer tube and interior pipe reaches capacity, enter into water drainage pipe by backwater baffle plate, the upper aperture gathered of water drainage pipe can rapidly by water permeation to underground, when the water penetrating into underground not only solves abundant water, the unnecessary water yield causes the situation of flood, and water can be penetrated into underground rapidly, maximum possible save moisture.

5) between outer tube and interior pipe, retaining cotton is filled, and cotton in the retaining of outlet pipe outer layer covers, moisture can be discharged comparatively slowly, low-moisture volatilization can be fallen, improve the availability of moisture.

Accompanying drawing explanation

Fig. 1 is structural representation of the present utility model;

Fig. 2 is the structural representation of outlet pipe in Fig. 1;

Fig. 3 is the structural representation of backwater baffle plate in Fig. 1;

Fig. 4 is the structural representation of vaporization prevention cover plate in Fig. 1.

In figure: 1. pipe, 8. prevention waterlogging pipe, 9. backwater baffle plate in water tank, 2. water-supply-pipe, 3. rainwater-collecting mouth, 4. water leg, 5. vaporization prevention cover plate, 6. filter, 7. outlet pipe, 71. outer tubes, 72.

Embodiment

Embodiment 1

Below the utility model is described further:

As shown in Figure 1, desert areas ductwork type water saving and prevention waterlogging irrigation system, this system comprises: water-supply-pipe 2, water-supply-pipe 2 lower end is provided with the outlet pipe 7 that level is laid, this outlet pipe 7 is by outer tube 71 and be positioned at outer tube 71 pipe 72 and form, water in water tank 1 enters into interior pipe 72 by water-supply-pipe 2, outer tube 71 and interior pipe 72 are all densely covered with aperture, moisture passes through the evenly aperture gathered on interior pipe 72 and is diffused in the retaining cotton be filled in outer tube 71 and interior pipe 72, and the moisture in retaining cotton is diffused in soil by the aperture on outer tube 72 again, arranging of retaining cotton has delayed distributing of moisture greatly.The above-mentioned course of work is the process that water-saving irrigation uses, and in above process, backwater baffle plate 9 is in closed condition under the action of the spring.

When there is heavy rain, rainwash enters into outer tube 71 by collection rain catch basin rapidly, water in retaining cotton in outer tube 71 is after reaching capacity, after hydraulic pressure continues increase, the pressure compression spring of the water in outer tube 71 makes water enter into water drainage pipe 8, this water drainage pipe 8 offers evenly gather, diameter is the aperture of 10-20mm, make the water entering into water drainage pipe 8 can enter into soil rapidly, play the effect of water drainage.Because vaporization prevention cover plate 5 surface is provided with back taper through hole, make rainwater when rainy enter into rainwater-collecting mouth 3 by back taper through hole, and back taper through hole can delay the evaporation of moisture when not raining.

Embodiment 2

The structure of embodiment 2 of the present utility model is uniquely different from embodiment 1 to be, water tank 1 or collection rain catch basin or portable water delivery car or directly water source provide water source to carry out as the irrigation process in embodiment 1, and which flexible structure is changeable, operates easy.

Claims (5)

1. desert areas ductwork type water saving and prevention waterlogging irrigation system, comprise outlet pipe (7), it is characterized in that: this outlet pipe (7) is made up of outer tube (71) and the pipe (72) that is positioned at outer tube (71), aquifer is provided with between outer tube (71) and interior pipe (72), outer tube (71) and interior pipe (72) are coaxially arranged, and outer tube (71) and interior pipe (72) are provided with aperture; Described outer tube (71) upper end is connected with collection rain catch basin; Described outer tube (71) lower end is connected with water drainage pipe (8) by pipeline, and the pipeline connecting outer tube (71) and water drainage pipe (8) is provided with backwater baffle plate (9).
2. desert areas ductwork type water saving and prevention waterlogging irrigation system, comprise water tank (1), water-supply-pipe (2), and the outlet pipe (7) to be connected with water tank (1) by water-supply-pipe (2), it is characterized in that: this outlet pipe (7) is made up of outer tube (71) and the pipe (72) that is positioned at outer tube (71), be provided with aquifer between outer tube (71) and interior pipe (72), outer tube (71) and interior pipe (72) are coaxially arranged, and outer tube (71) and interior pipe (72) are provided with aperture; Described outer tube (71) upper end is connected with collection rain catch basin; Described outer tube (71) lower end is connected with water drainage pipe (8) by pipeline, and the pipeline connecting outer tube (71) and water drainage pipe (8) is provided with backwater baffle plate (9).
3. desert areas as claimed in claim 1 or 2 ductwork type water saving and prevention waterlogging irrigation system, is characterized in that: described water drainage pipe (8) offers evenly gather, diameter is the aperture of 10-20mm.
4. desert areas as claimed in claim 1 or 2 ductwork type water saving and prevention waterlogging irrigation system, it is characterized in that: described collection rain catch basin is by rainwater-collecting mouth (3), be positioned at the water leg (4) of rainwater-collecting mouth (3) lower end, and vaporization prevention cover plate (5) composition be located on rainwater-collecting mouth (3), this vaporization prevention cover plate (5) surface is provided with back taper through hole.
5. desert areas as claimed in claim 4 ductwork type water saving and prevention waterlogging irrigation system, is characterized in that: be provided with multiple filtration plate (6) in described rainwater-collecting mouth (3).
CN201520567721.0U 2015-07-31 2015-07-31 It is desolate and boundless regional with water conservation of pipe network formula and prevention waterlogging irrigation system CN205052393U (en)

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CN201520567721.0U CN205052393U (en) 2015-07-31 2015-07-31 It is desolate and boundless regional with water conservation of pipe network formula and prevention waterlogging irrigation system

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201520567721.0U CN205052393U (en) 2015-07-31 2015-07-31 It is desolate and boundless regional with water conservation of pipe network formula and prevention waterlogging irrigation system

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Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104969835A (en) * 2015-07-31 2015-10-14 李明杨 Pipe network type water conservation and waterlogging prevention irrigation system used in desert area
CN105794596A (en) * 2016-05-17 2016-07-27 石鸿娟 Water collection device of garden irrigation system
CN106193182A (en) * 2016-07-19 2016-12-07 辽宁科技大学 A kind of sand ground rain collector with filtering function
CN107407085A (en) * 2015-10-19 2017-11-28 梁恩铭 Perforate infiltrating irrigation drainpipe and the full-automatic comprehensive planting pot of infiltrating irrigation rainwater recycle of sealing

Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104969835A (en) * 2015-07-31 2015-10-14 李明杨 Pipe network type water conservation and waterlogging prevention irrigation system used in desert area
CN107407085A (en) * 2015-10-19 2017-11-28 梁恩铭 Perforate infiltrating irrigation drainpipe and the full-automatic comprehensive planting pot of infiltrating irrigation rainwater recycle of sealing
CN107407085B (en) * 2015-10-19 2019-10-15 梁恩铭 Aperture infiltrating irrigation drainpipe and the full-automatic comprehensive planting pot of infiltrating irrigation rainwater recycle of sealing
CN105794596A (en) * 2016-05-17 2016-07-27 石鸿娟 Water collection device of garden irrigation system
CN105794596B (en) * 2016-05-17 2018-07-10 温岭市志创网络科技有限公司 The captation of treegarden irrigation system
CN106193182A (en) * 2016-07-19 2016-12-07 辽宁科技大学 A kind of sand ground rain collector with filtering function

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