CN204741998U - Utilize vegetable cultivation system of cow dung fermentation heat - Google Patents

Utilize vegetable cultivation system of cow dung fermentation heat Download PDF

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Publication number
CN204741998U
CN204741998U CN201520142406.3U CN201520142406U CN204741998U CN 204741998 U CN204741998 U CN 204741998U CN 201520142406 U CN201520142406 U CN 201520142406U CN 204741998 U CN204741998 U CN 204741998U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
main
vegetable growing
utilize
cattle manure
rack
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Expired - Fee Related
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CN201520142406.3U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
塔娜
中本和夫
拾涛
钱小平
崔艳伟
王海
李丽原
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International Agricultural And Forestry Aquaculture Research Center
Grassland Research Institute of Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences
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International Agricultural And Forestry Aquaculture Research Center
Grassland Research Institute of Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences
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Priority to CN201520142406.3U priority Critical patent/CN204741998U/en
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Publication of CN204741998U publication Critical patent/CN204741998U/en
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A40/00Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production
    • Y02A40/10Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in agriculture
    • Y02A40/25Greenhouse technology, e.g. cooling systems therefor

Abstract

The utility model relates to an utilize vegetable cultivation system of cow dung fermentation heat, this utilize vegetable cultivation system of cow dung fermentation heat includes: main part support, cow dung layer, seed bed, plastics rete, the main part support sets up in the centre of vegetable cultivation system, including the standpipe with violently manage, the cow dung layer sets up on the right side of main part support, the seed bed setting is in the left side of main part support, the setting of plastics rete is outside the vegetable cultivation system, the main part support still includes: tapered pipe, first curved expert, first tee bend, the curved expert of second, second tee bend, third tee bend, the curved expert of third, pvc standpipe, pvc violently manage, the tapered pipe linked together with first standpipe through first curved expert, and the standpipe passes through the curved expert of second, second tee bend, third tee bend and curved expert of third and is in the same place with horizontal union coupling.

Description

A kind of vegetable growing system utilizing cattle manure heat
Technical field
The utility model belongs to technical field of vegetable cultivation, particularly relates to a kind of vegetable growing system utilizing cattle manure heat.Mainly be applicable to the plantation of creepers melon and fruit, as pumpkin, muskmelon and watermelon etc.
Background technology
In recent years, in In The Semi-drought Region of Northern China due to the increase of feeding cost and the reduction of economic benefit, the going concern at the small-scale cowboying family such as Ecological Immigration village faces a crisis.In order to ensure the continuation of operation, part cowboying family utilizes cow dung to make farm nanure planting fodder maize by oneself, guarantees the self-sufficiency of feed.But open up wasteland earth's surface, heavy damage grassland vegetation and soil structure, cause wind erosion to strengthen, water resource is wasted in a large number; In region, grassland ecological environment goes from bad to worse.In addition, Semiarid Area of North strong wind, short of rain, arid zone of constant temperature continental climate feature cause planting cost and labor cost obviously to increase.So, by the high added value crop varieties that plantation unit are rentability is higher, and adopt simple effort-saving cultivation method, set up green vegetables production system, thus improve cowboying family management state and then raising economic income of herdsmen on a small scale.From agricultural sector structure adjustment behave angle, set up the development that green vegetables production system also meets the ecological agriculture, pollution-free industry.
Utility model content
The utility model is that the small-scale cowboying family of solution northern China semiarid zone faces the problem of guarantee going concern difficulty and provides the vegetable growing system utilizing cattle manure heat that a kind of structure is simple, easy to install, economic benefit is higher.
The technical scheme that the utility model is taked for the technical problem existed in solution known technology is:
The vegetable growing system utilizing cattle manure heat of the utility model embodiment, this utilizes the vegetable growing system of cattle manure heat to comprise: main body rack, cow dung layer, seed bed, plastic membranous layer;
Main body rack is arranged on the centre (comprising vertical tube and transverse tube) of vegetable growing system, and cow dung layer is arranged on the right side of main body rack, and seed bed is arranged on the left side of main body rack, and plastic membranous layer is arranged on the most external of vegetable growing system;
Main body rack also comprises: reduced pipe, first curved logical, the first threeway, second curved logical, the second threeway, the 3rd threeway, the 3rd curved logical, pvc vertical tube, pvc transverse tube; Reduced pipe curvedly logical to link together with the first vertical tube by first, and vertical tube curvedly logically to be linked together with transverse tube by second curved logical, the second threeway, the 3rd threeway and the 3rd.
Further, water main and reduced pipe link together.
Further, the first vertical tube is provided with water control valve.
Further, main body rack adopts diameter 25mmpvc pipe.
Further, transverse tube is drilled with diameter 1.5mm aperture, aperture pitch 10cm.
Further, cow dung layer and seed bed and main body rack triangularity.
Further, three-way interface and pvc pipe adopt sealant sealing.
Further, plastic membranous layer half parcel cow dung layer.
The advantage that the utility model has and good effect are: the heat that the cow dung that in the utility model, windward side is piled up produces during the fermentation acts on vegetable growing, and can play heat insulation effect when summer is hot; Plastic greenhouse film can reduce evaporation, water saving; The cattle manure later stage can be vegetables and provides nutrient, and the compost also field culture fertility that can will ferment after vegetables fruit harvest, is to set up the circulating cultivation pattern that the utilization of resources coordinates mutually with environmental protection; This cropping pattern is applicable to northern semi-arid climate environment, can reduce the initial stages such as Facilities Construction and drop into.Meanwhile, it is only switch irrigation pump that daily management is also simply arrived, and is convenient to management, does not affect other work at agriculture (herding) family.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is the vegetable growing system architecture schematic diagram utilizing cattle manure heat that the utility model embodiment provides;
Fig. 2 be the pvc pipe holder that provides of the utility model embodiment build schematic diagram;
Fig. 3 is the exploded view that cultivation system that the utility model embodiment provides is built;
In figure: 1, main body rack; 1-1, reduced pipe; 1-2, first curved logical; 1-3, the first threeway; 1-4, second curved logical; 1-5, the second threeway; 1-6, the 3rd threeway; 1-7, the 3rd curved logical; 1-8, pvc vertical tube; 1-9, pvc transverse tube; 1-10, water main; 1-11, aperture; 1-12, fluid sealant; 2, cow dung layer; 3, seed bed; 4, plastic membranous layer; 4-1, plastic foil A; 4-2, plastic foil B; 5, valve; 6, pipe A; 7, pipe B; 7-1, dropper band; 8, soil layer;
Fig. 4 is the effect schematic diagram that the utility model embodiment provides.
Embodiment
In order to make the purpose of this utility model, technical scheme and advantage clearly understand, below in conjunction with embodiment, the utility model is further elaborated.Should be appreciated that specific embodiment described herein only in order to explain the utility model, and be not used in restriction the utility model.
Below in conjunction with drawings and the specific embodiments, application principle of the present utility model is further described.
Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region Xilinguole League Sunite Right Banner has typical northern semi-arid climate feature, and as drought, light resources is abundant, shortage of water resources, day and night temperature are comparatively large, dust storm is larger.With the cow dung of local Ecological Immigration village raiser for fertilizer material, selection is of high nutritive value, easy cultivation management, drought resisting cold resistance are strong and easily storage is transported vegetable variety Mininangua (shellfish shellfish pumpkin) is cultivation carrier, plants with the utility model cultivation mode.
As shown in Figure 1,2 and 3, the vegetable growing system body support 1, cow dung layer 2, seed bed 3, the plastic membranous layer 4 that utilize cattle manure heat of the utility model embodiment;
Main body rack 1 is arranged on the centre (comprising vertical tube and transverse tube) of vegetable growing system, and cow dung layer 2 is arranged on the right side of main body rack, and seed bed 3 is arranged on the left side of main body rack, and plastic membranous layer 4 is arranged on the most external of vegetable growing system;
Main body rack 1 also comprises: reduced pipe 1-1, the first curved logical 1-2, the first threeway 1-3, the second curved logical 1-4, the second threeway 1-5, the 3rd threeway 1-6, the 3rd curved logical 1-7, pvc vertical tube 1-8 and pvc transverse tube 1-9, water main 1-10, aperture 1-11, fluid sealant 1-12, valve 5;
Reduced pipe curvedly logical to link together with the first vertical tube by first, and vertical tube curvedly logically to be linked together with transverse tube by second curved logical, the second threeway, the 3rd threeway and the 3rd.
After main body rack (pvc pipe) is set up, according to completing plastic foil A (in Fig. 3 4-1) shown in figure, then in support both sides, cow dung and ridging being piled up respectively, forming sowing part and fermentation heat generating parts.Add cow dung of fermenting slightly in seed bed soil as former fertilizer, and pvc pipe fitting (diameter is about 110mm) is inserted soil species, Mininangua planting seed is in pvc pipe fitting, and 1.5cm is dark.Sow rear plastic foil B (in Fig. 3 4-2) cover-seeding bed and cow dung heap makes it be incubated, and pipe A and pipe B is opened added water, promote cattle manure.Observe temperature and moisture, the temperature in seed bed in soil more than 30 degree or the temperature in cow dung more than 60 degree then add water for cooling.Germination in about 10 days after Mininangua planting seed, observe temperature Change, seed bed partly plastic film can be raised and be fixed on support by proper temperature.According to pumpkin growing way, open pipe B when needing and add a little water, be convenient to topdress.After planting about 110 days, within after pollination 30-40 days, to harvest time, base of fruit flavescence exsiccation can be gathered in the crops.
This utilizes the vegetable growing system of cattle manure heat to comprise 3 parts: 1. pvc manages the main body rack that (diameter 25mm) builds.Vertical tube height is about 80cm, adjacent vertical tube interval 50cm; Transverse tube length no longer than 20m, and should bore aperture (in diameter 1.5mm, Fig. 2 1-11) on pipe, and aperture pitch 10cm, is connected to water main, is mainly used in supporting implant system simultaneously for irrigating.Length should according to the corresponding adjustment of cultivated area.2. cattle manure hot systems.Windward side adds a small amount of stalk with fresh cow dung and is piled into right triangular shape (length is about 120cm), covers with canopy film.Be mainly plant germination and growth and heat is provided, and the later stage is used for topdressing.3. part is cultivated.Lee face mound builds right angled triangle seed bed (length is about 55cm), and to be seeded in pvc pipe fitting (diameter be about in 110mm, figure 3), can play insect protected (desert snout moth's larva etc.) thermal effect.Because hydraulic pressure reason irrigation punching pvc length of tube must not more than 20m; First vertical tube is equipped with Hydraulic-control valves, and exerts oneself according to water pump and cultivation system scale decision water main diameter (in Fig. 2 1-10); Fluid sealant (in Fig. 2 1-12) sealing is applied between three-way interface and pvc pipe.
Canopy film partly wraps up cow dung, can wind-proof warming water conservation, promotes cattle manure heat production.Establish valve control water respectively for the hard tube that supports and irrigate and flexible pipe (dropper band) point two parts (pipe A and pipe B, figure in 6,7).Pvc pipe A is used for irrigating, and uses frequent; Irrigate band B is used for topdressing.Before germinateing, seed bed plastic foil B (in Fig. 3 4-2) is covered, for warming and windproof, can be raised after germination.
The heat that the cow dung that in the utility model, windward side is piled up produces during the fermentation acts on vegetable growing, and can play heat insulation effect when summer is hot; The cattle manure later stage can be vegetables and provides nutrient, and the compost also field culture fertility that can will ferment after vegetables fruit harvest, is to set up the circulating cultivation pattern that the utilization of resources coordinates mutually with environmental protection.
500m2 area experimental field in by directly sowing Mininangua (shellfish shellfish pumpkin) 170 strains, finally gathered in the crops the pumpkin (9/strain, 649g/) of 993kg.
The utility model cultivation mode fermentation fever successful, cow dung stack temperature remains higher level; And seed bed ground temperature also meets needed for melon growth simultaneously, that is, during melon germination, preference temperature is 25-30 DEG C, is stabilized in 15-25 DEG C after germination, as shown in Figure 4;
The Mininangua produced for 2012,2013 is by entrusting Beijing organic farm products producing and selling enterprise to consumer's Free distribution and consulting on.The consumer of 65.8% is had to illustrate the purchase intention of 2.62 dollars/more than kg.According to the producing and selling cost in this purchase intention and table 1, cowboying family on a small scale can be calculated and, by introducing organic vegetable plantation, additional income can reach 167.42 dollars/100m2.The production and selling cost of Mininangua is in table 1;
The production and selling cost of table 1 Mininangua
Cost subject Dollar/100m2 Ratio (%)
Fee of material 106.2 30.1
Consumptive material instrument 79.0 22.4
Sowing expense 27.2 7.7
Fertilizer cost 0.0 0.0
Agricultural chemicals expense is used 0.0 0.0
Fuels and energy is taken 7.7 2.2
Rental charge 16.3 4.6
Equipment leasing takes 6.2 1.7
Land lease expense 10.1 2.9
Employment cost 34.4 9.7
Traffic expense 84.2 23.9
Sell attorney's fee 104.1 29.5
Add up to 352.9 100.0
* selling attorney's fee is calculate according to the expense paid to Beijing organic farm products production and sales company.
The foregoing is only preferred embodiment of the present utility model; not in order to limit the utility model; all do within spirit of the present utility model and principle any amendment, equivalent to replace and improvement etc., all should be included within protection domain of the present utility model.

Claims (10)

1. utilize a vegetable growing system for cattle manure heat, it is characterized in that, this utilizes the vegetable growing system of cattle manure heat to comprise: main body rack, cow dung layer, seed bed, plastic membranous layer;
Main body rack is arranged on the centre of vegetable growing system, comprises vertical tube and transverse tube, and cow dung layer is arranged on the right side of main body rack, and seed bed is arranged on the left side of main body rack, and plastic membranous layer is arranged on the most external of vegetable growing system;
Main body rack also comprises: reduced pipe, first curved logical, the first threeway, second curved logical, the second threeway, the 3rd threeway, the 3rd curved logical, pvc vertical tube, pvc transverse tube; Reduced pipe curvedly logical to link together with the first vertical tube by first, and vertical tube curvedly logically to be linked together with transverse tube by second curved logical, the second threeway, the 3rd threeway and the 3rd.
2. utilize the vegetable growing system of cattle manure heat as claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that, main body rack adopts diameter 25mm, for supporting the pvc pipe of implant system.
3. utilize the vegetable growing system of cattle manure heat as claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that, transverse tube is drilled with diameter 1.5mm aperture, aperture pitch 10cm, for irrigating.
4. utilize the vegetable growing system of cattle manure heat as claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that, parallelly with support vertical tube be provided with vertical tube, be connected with dropper band.
5. utilize the vegetable growing system of cattle manure heat as claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that, water main, by linking with main body rack reduced pipe and the first curved leading to, provides irrigation water.
6. the vegetable growing system utilizing cattle manure heat as described in claim 3,4 and 5 any one, is characterized in that, establishes valve control water respectively for the pvc transverse tube with holes that supports and irrigate and dropper band.
7. utilize the vegetable growing system of cattle manure heat as claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that, three-way interface and pvc pipe adopt sealant sealing.
8. utilize the vegetable growing system of cattle manure heat as claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that, cow dung layer and seed bed and main body rack triangularity.
9. utilize the vegetable growing system of cattle manure heat as claimed in claim 7, it is characterized in that, in triangle seed bed, the pvc pipe fitting of diameter 110mm is planting tank.
10. utilize the vegetable growing system of cattle manure heat as claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that, plastic membranous layer half parcel cow dung layer.
CN201520142406.3U 2015-03-13 2015-03-13 Utilize vegetable cultivation system of cow dung fermentation heat Expired - Fee Related CN204741998U (en)

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104770243A (en) * 2015-03-13 2015-07-15 中国农业科学院草原研究所 Vegetable cultivation system capable of utilizing cow dung fermentation heat

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104770243A (en) * 2015-03-13 2015-07-15 中国农业科学院草原研究所 Vegetable cultivation system capable of utilizing cow dung fermentation heat
CN104770243B (en) * 2015-03-13 2017-07-14 中国农业科学院草原研究所 A kind of vegetable growing system of utilization cattle manure heat

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CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee
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Granted publication date: 20151111

Termination date: 20180313