CN102550356A - Method for managing blackberry orchard by pit storage of nutritive water and mulching film covering - Google Patents

Method for managing blackberry orchard by pit storage of nutritive water and mulching film covering Download PDF

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Publication number
CN102550356A
CN102550356A CN2012100463714A CN201210046371A CN102550356A CN 102550356 A CN102550356 A CN 102550356A CN 2012100463714 A CN2012100463714 A CN 2012100463714A CN 201210046371 A CN201210046371 A CN 201210046371A CN 102550356 A CN102550356 A CN 102550356A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
cave
water
soil
blackberry
storage
Prior art date
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Pending
Application number
CN2012100463714A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
吴文龙
李维林
张友才
束怀瑞
李赟
闾连飞
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Nanjing New Thinking Agricultural Science And Technology Dev Co ltd
Institute of Botany of CAS
Original Assignee
Nanjing New Thinking Agricultural Science And Technology Dev Co ltd
Institute of Botany of CAS
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Publication date
Application filed by Nanjing New Thinking Agricultural Science And Technology Dev Co ltd, Institute of Botany of CAS filed Critical Nanjing New Thinking Agricultural Science And Technology Dev Co ltd
Priority to CN2012100463714A priority Critical patent/CN102550356A/en
Publication of CN102550356A publication Critical patent/CN102550356A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Abstract

The invention discloses a method for managing a blackberry orchard by pit storage of nutritive water and mulching film covering, which relates to the technical field of fruit farming. The method of the invention is a culture measure relative to blackberry plantations in hills, mountains and other regions. In degraded ecological systems of low mountains and hills, the distribution of heat and water is nonuniform, the water loss and soil erosion is serious, the soil layer is shallow, the soil fertility is low, the capacity of holding water and fertilizers is poor, and the buffer capacity for extreme habitat factors is low. The method of the invention has a remarkable impact on the growth and fruiting of blackberries in hills, mountains and other regions, and mainly has effects of holding water and fertilizers and controlling weed growth. The method of the invention has the advantages that: (1) covering with a mulching film can reduces evaporation of water in dry seasons and is beneficial to preservation of soil moisture and holding water; can reduce water loss and soil erosion in rainy seasons; and in autumn, winter and early spring, is beneficial to increasing soil temperature and promoting the growth of root system; (2) storage of nutritive water in pits with grass bundles increases the utilization rate of the fertilizers, improves soil organic matters and air permeability, and helps the growth and development of plant root system; and (3) the method combining the measures of storage of nutritive water in pits with grass bundles and covering with the mulching film is simple and easy to implement, and economical and practical. The method is a technical measure for efficiently culturing blackberries.

Description

The method in a kind of cave storage rich water mulch film overlay management blackberry, blueberry orchard
Technical field
The present invention relates to the fruit tree planting technique field, be specifically related to a kind of method of utilizing cave storage rich water, plastic mulching management blackberry, blueberry orchard.
Background technology
Blackberry, blueberry is a kind of little berry, originates in the North America.Institute of Botany utilizes research in introducing a fine variety of beginning blackberry, blueberry in 1986, through introducing a fine variety the utilization and extention of screening and improved seeds, at knob cultivated area 3000hm such as Lishui, Jiangsu Province and Ganyus 2More than, ton surplus the annual production 20000.Most knobs, Jiangsu vegetation degree that wrecks is aggravated, and large tracts of land low mountains and hills degeneration system occurred.In this ecosystem, the hydro-thermal skewness, severe water and soil erosion, soil layer is shallow, soil depletion, the preserve moisture and fertility ability is low to the buffer capacity of extreme factor of the habitat.The autumn drought can appear lying prostrate in most times of knob, Jiangsu, if volt runs into arid autumn, rich water can not get timely supply, with the normal growth that has a strong impact on blackberry, blueberry.Cultivation step through cave storage rich water and plastic mulching not only plays preserve moisture and fertility at arid season, can also play the effect that prevents erosion and control weed growth at the plum rain season in Jiangsu.
Summary of the invention
The objective of the invention is for the blackberry, blueberry orchard of knob can high yield, stable yields and fruit high-quality, for China southern hills area provides a blackberry, blueberry efficiency cultivation technology for high.
(1) implementation method:
Before early spring, resin began to flow to germination, implement.The position that the cave is supported in storage in the middle of 2 strain blackberry, blueberry, distance 2 involves line vertical range 30~40cm in a criminal case, the cave is supported in each 1 storage in both sides, the cave is supported in 2 storages of promptly average every strain.
Diameter 20~the 30cm in cave, unsuitable excessive, the degree of depth and orchard soil layer thickness, soil condition are consistent, reach the concentrated distribution layer of root deeply, generally are no more than 40cm, and soil layer approaches, can be suitably more shallow.
Grass is thick 15~20cm, long 30~35cm, bundle solid, material use straw, wheat tangerine etc. all can, be preferably in before burying after bundle well that immersion fully absorbs water it in the aqueous solution of quick-acting organic fertilizer.The cave pack into grass, during backfill soil grass around mix a small amount of superphosphate in the soil, the about 100g in every cave tamps; Yi Xiaowa is stayed on the top, cave, the leveling of back ground, and grass is executed urea 50~100g to last a small amount of earthing; With the 3.5~5.0kg that waters, every hole irrigation water is too much unsuitable, too much is prone to cause loss of chemical fertilizer.
Adopting the thick plastic mulching of 0.02~0.03mm, is the center with blackberry, blueberry plantation row (base is given birth to the branch line), cover width 1.0~1.2m; Be each 50~60cm of plant both sides, smooth shop film is affixed on ground; Obturage with the scholar in the edge; On hollow place, storage cave film, wear a hole, so as irrigation fertilization with penetrate rainwater, press with stone on the hole to be beneficial to soil moisture conservation and ponding.
Before overlay film, apply base manure by the blackberry, blueberry normal management; Except that when burying the cave, applying superphosphate, urea, spend the back, young sprout stops growing and adopt back three period every cave execute 50~100g composite fertilizer or urea again, apply in the cave by the low-lying area; Water immediately, soil barrenly can increase and executed once rainy season.
Begin the prosperous long later stage (in 5 months) to young sprout from the budding period behind the film of shop, every 10d waters 1 time, and every cave 3.5~5kg was poured into by fenestra, can water less or not water like rain, watered 1 time every cave 3.5~5kg from per 7 days of late May to rainy season.Remove to meet undue arid weather rainy season, can not water, but have ready conditions flood irrigation once when freeze-up.
The term of validity 2-3 in cave, mulch film is annual to be covered 1 time.
(2) implementation result:
Improvement effect to soil: early spring, overlay film can improve 4 ℃ of face of land soil temperatures, and 2.5 ℃ of underground 20cm place soil temperatures can improve soil moisture content 35~40%.The coverage of cave storage rich water is to be the center with the cave, influences 35~45cm.
Influence to vine growth and development: plastic mulching cave storage rich water, owing to improved soil rich water stability, improve early stage soil temperature, the radicula amount increases by 3.0~3.5 times than contrast around the cave.The branch of plant is sent out a rate height, and excellent branch rate is high, and total branch amount is big, the water sprout amount is few.The inflorescence to 1 year is handled in the plastic mulching of cave storage rich water, and young fruit and branch all have active influence, and the bud quality also is significantly improved then simultaneously, and the fruit branch rate strengthens significantly.The test effect of cave storage rich water plastic mulching is extremely tangible, not only is embodied in the coming year, is exactly can obtain plant reaction preferably then.
(3) application prospect:
Through evidence, cave storage rich water is an economical and effective, and simple technical measures have very big realistic meaning to solving low mountains and hills orchard drought low yield.
Cave storage rich water mulch film covers in the barren blackberry, blueberry of the massif orchard to be used, and need further find out its influence to all factors of soil, under certain working condition, inquires into the basic parameter of required rich water, thereby utilizes limited rich water to obtain the maximum output value.
Plant the blackberry, blueberry orchard in more present massif droughts, in case the result just faces overload, directly growing of influence tree body caused the generation of disease, and economic life shortens.But provide growth and development of fruit tree required soil environment to a certain extent through cave storage rich water, overlay film, help various physiological activities and the nutrient accumulation of fruit tree, if can plough deeply gradually and expand cave, vegetable soil, it is clumsy that then base is laid in raising the output more all the year round.

Claims (4)

1. the method in a cave storage rich water mulch film overlay management blackberry, blueberry orchard is characterized in that: before early spring, resin began to flow to germination, dig storage and support the cave; Put the grass handle that soaks full rich water in the cave, and fertilising is poured water; Covered with plastic film in blackberry, blueberry plant certain limit.
2. according to the said method of claim 1, it is characterized in that: the position that the cave is supported in storage in the middle of 2 strain blackberry, blueberry, distance 2 involves line vertical range 30~40cm in a criminal case, the cave is supported in each 1 storage in both sides; Diameter 20~the 30cm in cave, the degree of depth and orchard soil layer thickness, soil condition are consistent, generally are no more than 40cm.
3. according to the said method of claim 1, it is characterized in that: grass is thick 15~20cm, long 30~35cm, bundle solid, material use straw, wheat tangerine etc. all can, be preferably in before burying after bundle well that immersion fully absorbs water it in the aqueous solution of quick-acting organic fertilizer.The cave pack into grass, during backfill soil grass around mix a small amount of superphosphate in the soil, the about 100g in every cave tamps, Yi Xiaowa is stayed on the top, cave, back ground flattens, and carelessly executes urea 50~100g to last a small amount of earthing, with the 3.5~5.0kg that waters.
4. according to the said method of claim 1, it is characterized in that: adopting the thick plastic mulching of 0.02~0.03mm, is the center with blackberry, blueberry plantation row (base is given birth to the branch line); Cover width 1.0~1.2m, smooth shop film is affixed on ground; Obturage with the scholar in the edge; On hollow place, storage cave film, wear a hole, so as irrigation fertilization with penetrate rainwater, press with stone on the hole to be beneficial to soil moisture conservation and ponding.
CN2012100463714A 2012-02-28 2012-02-28 Method for managing blackberry orchard by pit storage of nutritive water and mulching film covering Pending CN102550356A (en)

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Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104521625A (en) * 2015-02-03 2015-04-22 江苏省中国科学院植物研究所 Rain-shelter blackberry cultivation method with micro-irrigation facility
CN106538364A (en) * 2016-10-14 2017-03-29 南京农业大学(宿迁)设施园艺研究院 A kind of greenhouse Fructus Fici high-yield high-efficiency cultivation method
CN106718476A (en) * 2016-11-15 2017-05-31 韦声荣 The method that mulching planting slides skin cumquat
CN106961942A (en) * 2017-02-28 2017-07-21 堵美娟 A kind of implantation methods for improving blackberry, blueberry hardness

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CN1623365A (en) * 2003-12-02 2005-06-08 中国科学院东北地理与农业生态研究所 Fruit tree anti drought cultivation method

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN1623365A (en) * 2003-12-02 2005-06-08 中国科学院东北地理与农业生态研究所 Fruit tree anti drought cultivation method

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Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104521625A (en) * 2015-02-03 2015-04-22 江苏省中国科学院植物研究所 Rain-shelter blackberry cultivation method with micro-irrigation facility
CN106538364A (en) * 2016-10-14 2017-03-29 南京农业大学(宿迁)设施园艺研究院 A kind of greenhouse Fructus Fici high-yield high-efficiency cultivation method
CN106538364B (en) * 2016-10-14 2019-10-25 南京农业大学(宿迁)设施园艺研究院 A kind of greenhouse fig high-yield high-efficiency cultivation method
CN106718476A (en) * 2016-11-15 2017-05-31 韦声荣 The method that mulching planting slides skin cumquat
CN106961942A (en) * 2017-02-28 2017-07-21 堵美娟 A kind of implantation methods for improving blackberry, blueberry hardness

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Application publication date: 20120711