CN204634325U - A kind of orchard remote control electric is digged pit fertilizer distributor - Google Patents

A kind of orchard remote control electric is digged pit fertilizer distributor Download PDF

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Publication number
CN204634325U
CN204634325U CN201520296596.4U CN201520296596U CN204634325U CN 204634325 U CN204634325 U CN 204634325U CN 201520296596 U CN201520296596 U CN 201520296596U CN 204634325 U CN204634325 U CN 204634325U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
fertilizer
axle
fixedly mounted
pit
remote control
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CN201520296596.4U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
赵友亮
谢向阳
宋振华
彭学举
杜晓文
石福成
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Northwest A&F University
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Northwest A&F University
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Priority to CN201520296596.4U priority Critical patent/CN204634325U/en
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Abstract

The utility model provides a kind of orchard remote control electric and to dig pit fertilizer distributor, by fuselage, electromotor, gearbox, transmission mechanism, control device, to dig pit fertilizer apparatus, running gear, transfer, solenoid operated clutches is formed, electromotor is connected with gearbox transmission, gearbox is in transmission connection with running gear and solenoid operated clutches respectively by transmission mechanism, dig pit fertilizer apparatus and solenoid operated clutches is in transmission connection, control device is connected with solenoid operated clutches and motor circuit respectively, running gear and transfer are connected with control device hydraulic control separately, this machine achieves the synchronization job of digging pit with fertilizer, can not only carry out fixed point and to dig pit fertilizer operation, and can be continuously traveling in process carry out digging pit, fertilizer and earthing operation, by walking and the job state of control device energy remote control complete machine, operating efficiency is high, and safety is good, practical.

Description

A kind of orchard remote control electric is digged pit fertilizer distributor
Technical field
The utility model belongs to agricultural machinery technological field, particularly relates to a kind of orchard remote control electric and to dig pit fertilizer distributor.
Background technology
To dig pit fertilizing method conventional in fertilising orchard production management.The agriculture requirement of this fertilizing method is, under tree crown drip, the heatable adobe sleeping platform that 4 ~ 6 opening sizes are 15 ~ 20cm, the degree of depth 30 ~ 60cm is dug in inner side, fertilizer is applied in hole, then backfills earthing.Compare with fertilizing methods such as radial furrow fertilization method, row ditch fertilization method and annular groove fertilization methods, the damage of this fertilizing method to fruit tree root system is less, and fertilizer utilization efficiency is high.At present, garden potholing fertilising operation in dig pit, apply fertilizer and earthing operation substantially by manually having come, existing widely used fertilization working machine of digging pit tool aborning is also the equipment for digging pit mostly.These equipment of digging pit, are divided into two classes substantially: a class is hand-held working machine, as utilized hand-held small engine power drill to dig pit, after digging pit with machine, manually by the fertilizer heatable adobe sleeping platform of falling people and earthing.This operating type, when drill bit touches stone in soil or other hard hard object, not only can affect operation quality, the strenuous vibration of drill bit also can strengthen the labour intensity of operation, affects the safety of operator; Another kind of is the facility of digging pit with tractor, although this operating type reduces the labour intensity of digging pit, can not complete fertilising and earthing operation, still needs artificial fertilizer to be applied in hole also earthing after digging pit.Therefore, the research and development of garden potholing fertilization working machine tool are to digging pit, fertilising, the future development of earthing operation institutional operation, but existing various have dig pit, fertilising, the facility of earthing operation institutional operation function, all according to first digging pit, refertilize, the sequence of operation of last earthing realizes institutional operation, operation of digging pit and apply fertilizer is asynchronous, and, existing various have dig pit, fertilising, the facility of earthing operation institutional operation function are when carrying out operation, operating location must be stopped at and carry out operation, operation can not be carried out in the process be continuously traveling, there is operating efficiency low, when cost is high and this machine carries out operation, operating location must be stopped at and carry out operation, operation can not be carried out in the process be continuously traveling, large in order to solve fertilising manual work labour intensity of digging pit, poor stability, existing fertilization working machine of digging pit tool operating efficiency is low, the problem that cost is high, the utility model provides the electric remote control of a kind of orchard and to dig pit fertilizer distributor.
Utility model content
The purpose of this utility model is to provide a kind of orchard remote control electric to dig pit fertilizer distributor, and this remote control electric machine of ploughing comprises: fuselage, electromotor, gearbox, running gear, transmission mechanism, solenoid operated clutches, fertilizer apparatus of digging pit, transfer, control device etc.;
Described electromotor and described gearbox are fixedly mounted on the front upper part of described fuselage, described running gear is fixedly mounted on the front lower place of described fuselage, described transmission mechanism is fixedly mounted on the left surface of described fuselage, described transfer is fixedly mounted on the back lower place of described fuselage, described control device is fixedly mounted on above the middle part of described fuselage, described in fertilizer apparatus of digging pit be arranged on the postmedian of described fuselage;
Described electromotor is connected with described gearbox transmission, described gearbox is in transmission connection with described running gear, solenoid operated clutches respectively by described transmission mechanism, described fertilizer apparatus of digging pit is in transmission connection by described solenoid operated clutches and described transmission mechanism, described electromotor, solenoid operated clutches are connected with described control device circuit respectively, and described running gear, transfer are connected with described control device hydraulic control respectively.
Further, described fuselage comprises: transmission support frame, cabinet, frame;
Described transmission support frame is fixedly mounted on the left side of described cabinet, frame, and described cabinet is fixedly mounted on above described frame.
Further, fertilizer apparatus of digging pit described in comprises: dig ground shovel, connecting rod, one-throw crankshaft, rocking bar, flexible axle conduit, two supports pulley, flexible axle, fertilizer baffle plate, fertilizer can, hopper, guide plate, back-moving spring, roller, fertilising pipe, gripper shoe, trailing bars;
The two ends of the trunnion of described one-throw crankshaft are hinged on the front portion of described frame, the large end of described connecting rod and described one-throw crankshaft singly to turn axle journal hinged, the described ground shovel that digs is fixedly mounted on the small end of described connecting rod, the middle part that one end of described rocking bar is hinged on the front lower portion of described frame, the other end of described rocking bar is hinged on described connecting rod, described gripper shoe is fixedly mounted on the right lower quadrant of described frame, described fertilizer can is fixedly mounted on the upper back of described frame, described conical hopper is fixedly mounted on the inside of described fertilizer can, described guide plate is welded on the bottom of described conical hopper, described control fertilizer baffle plate is inserted between the box plate of described guide plate and described fertilizer can by the rectangular opening of the left boxboard bottom of described fertilizer can, between described control fertilizer baffle plate and described guide plate and between described control fertilizer baffle plate and the box plate of described fertilizer can, described roller is housed, the rear end of described control fertilizer baffle plate and the front end of described back-moving spring hinged, the rear end of described back-moving spring is fixed on the rearing-box plate of described fertilizer can, the upper end of described defertilizing tube is fixedly mounted on the bottom of described fertilizer can, the middle part of described defertilizing tube is fixedly mounted in described gripper shoe, the lower end of described defertilizing tube extends to below described central rack, a described support pulley is fixedly mounted on above described frame rear portion, supporting pulley described in another is fixedly mounted on below described frame rear portion, described bowden cable conduit is fixedly mounted on the centre of described frame, described bowden cable passes from the groove and described bowden cable conduit of two described support pulleys, one end of described bowden cable and the small end of described connecting rod hinged, the other end of described bowden cable and the front end of described control fertilizer baffle plate hinged, described trailing bar is fixedly mounted on the lower right of described frame,
When described one-throw crankshaft rotates, described rocking bar is around the pin joint reciprocally swinging of himself and described frame, simultaneously described connecting rod is around the pin joint reciprocating rotation of himself and described rocking bar, while dig ground shovel described in the small end making to be fixedly mounted on described connecting rod to carry out operation, described fertilizer mechanism is made to carry out operation by the described bowden cable being hinged on the small end of described connecting rod.
In the process that described one-throw crankshaft turns around, from described dig ground shovel cut earth's surface to this period of time leaving earth's surface completely, the described ground shovel that digs carries out digging pit operation, make described bowden cable tension, described control fertilizer baffle plate starts to move forward under the pulling of described bowden cable, circular hole on described control fertilizer baffle plate overlaps with the outlet at bottom of described conical hopper, fertilizer in described conical hopper starts to fall under Gravitative Loads, dig in the heatable adobe sleeping platform formed between the back side of ground shovel and soil described in being discharged to by described defertilizing tube, fertilizer operation and operation of digging pit synchronously are carried out, the described soil digging ground shovel and dig out, then thrown before heatable adobe sleeping platform by the described ground shovel that digs, earth's surface is left completely to again cutting earth's surface during this period of time from the described ground shovel that digs, described ground shovel idle stroke of digging is moved, do not carry out digging pit operation, described bowden cable not tension, be in relaxed state, described control fertilizer baffle plate moves backward under the pulling of back-moving spring, circular hole on described control fertilizer baffle plate and the outlet at bottom of described conical hopper stagger, the outlet at bottom of described conical hopper is blocked by described control fertilizer baffle plate, fertilizer in described conical hopper stops falling, dig pit operation and fertilizer operation synchronously stops, when one-throw crankshaft starts a new circle rotation, above-mentioned operation process circulation is carried out.
Further, described running gear comprises: two axle stands, axle assembly, two driving wheels, gear lever, vehicle bridge hydraulic pressure cylinder assemblies;
Two described axle stands are fixedly mounted on the left and right sides of described frame front lower place respectively, described axle assembly is fixedly mounted on described axle stand, two described driving wheels are fixedly mounted on the left and right sides of the power take-off of described axle assembly respectively, described vehicle bridge hydraulic pressure cylinder assembly is fixedly mounted on the top of described axle assembly, described gear lever is arranged on the rear portion of described axle assembly, described gear lever respectively with the piston rod chain connection of described axle assembly and described vehicle bridge hydraulic pressure cylinder assembly, by stretching of the piston rod of described vehicle bridge hydraulic pressure cylinder assembly, contracting motion can control the rotation of described gear lever, the engagement of described axle assembly internal gear can be controlled by the rotation of described gear lever, change the rotating speed of two described driving wheels and turn to, and then make this orchard remote control electric fertilizer distributor of digging pit can realize moving ahead, retreat, speed change walking and stopping walking,
When the internal gear of described axle assembly be in move ahead engagement time, the output shaft of described axle assembly drives described driving wheel to turn clockwise, this orchard remote control electric fertilizer distributor of digging pit moves ahead, when the internal gear of described axle assembly is in retrogressing engagement respectively, the power take-off of described axle assembly drives described driving wheel to be rotated counterclockwise, this orchard remote control electric dig pit fertilizer distributor retreat, when the internal gear of described axle assembly is in the engagement stopping walking respectively, the motion of the power take-off of described axle assembly is cut off, this orchard remote control electric dig pit fertilizer distributor stop walking, when the internal gear of described axle assembly is in the engagement of target velocity gear, the power take-off of described axle assembly drives described driving wheel to rotate, this orchard remote control electric fertilizer distributor of digging pit is walked under target velocity gear,
For the sake of security, described gear lever can also be pulled with staff, realize the Artificial Control to described axle assembly internal gear engagement, in order to avoid cause danger under remote signal upset condition.
Further, described transmission mechanism comprises: the first axle, driving pulley, intermediary transfer belt, middle driven pulley, drive sprocket, the second axle, driving chain, driven sprocket, the 3rd axle, vehicle bridge driving-belt, vehicle bridge driven pulley;
Described first pivot hinge is arranged on the front upper part of described transmission support frame, described driving pulley is fixedly mounted on the upper of described first axle, described second pivot hinge is arranged on the middle part of described transmission support frame, described middle driven pulley and described drive sprocket are fixedly mounted on described second axle respectively, described triaxial hinge is arranged on the front lower portion of described transmission support frame, described driven sprocket is fixedly mounted on described 3rd axle, and described vehicle bridge driven pulley is fixedly mounted on the power input shaft of described axle assembly;
The right-hand member of described first axle and the output shaft of described gearbox are in transmission connection, described driving pulley is connected with described second through-drive by described intermediary transfer belt, middle driven pulley on the one hand, be connected with described vehicle bridge driven pulley by described vehicle bridge driving-belt again on the other hand, described second axle is connected with described 3rd through-drive by described drive sprocket, driving chain, driven sprocket, and described 3rd axle is in transmission connection by the left end trunnion of described solenoid operated clutches and described one-throw crankshaft;
When described gearbox gives Movement transmit on described first axle, described first axle passes motion to the power input shaft of described axle assembly on the one hand by described driving pulley, vehicle bridge driving-belt and vehicle bridge driven pulley, pass motion to described 3rd axle by described driving pulley, intermediary transfer belt, middle driven pulley, the second axle, drive sprocket, driving chain and driven sprocket again on the other hand, described 3rd axle passes motion to described one-throw crankshaft by described solenoid operated clutches.
Further, described transfer comprises: two deflecting wheel support brackets, two deflecting rollers, trapezoidal linkage, steering hydraulic cylinder components;
Two described deflecting wheel support brackets are fixedly mounted on the both sides of described frame rear lower separately respectively, two described deflecting rollers separately respectively hinge be arranged on two described deflecting wheel support brackets, described steering hydraulic cylinder component is fixedly mounted on the rear portion of described fuselage, described trapezoidal linkage on the one hand with the piston rod chain connection of described steering hydraulic cylinder component, on the other hand and described deflecting roller chain connection;
Stretch when the piston rod of described steering hydraulic cylinder component does, contract motion time, described trapezoidal linkage can be driven to swing within the scope of certain angle, and then drive two described deflecting rollers to deflect certain angle to the left or to the right around two described deflecting wheel support brackets separately simultaneously, thus realize this orchard remote control electric and to dig pit turning to of fertilizer distributor.
Further, described control device comprises: switch machine, battery pack, signal processing apparatus, power conversion device, single-chip microcomputer, fluid pressure drive device, hydraulic oil container;
Described switch machine is connected with described battery circuit, described battery pack is connected by circuit with described electromotor, solenoid operated clutches, signal processing apparatus, power conversion device, single-chip microcomputer respectively, described signal processing apparatus links with described single chip circuit, described single-chip microcomputer is connected with described solenoid operated clutches, power conversion device, fluid pressure drive device circuit respectively, described power conversion device is connected with described motor circuit, and described fluid pressure drive device is connected with described vehicle bridge hydraulic pressure cylinder assembly, steering hydraulic cylinder component, hydraulic oil container hydraulic control respectively;
When described switch machine closes, described battery-powered, after described signal processing apparatus receives remote signal, can decode to remote signal, process, then the control signal after process is passed to described single-chip microcomputer, control signal can be passed to described solenoid operated clutches or fluid pressure drive device or power conversion device according to the type of control signal by described single-chip microcomputer again;
After receiving the control signal that described single-chip microcomputer sends, described solenoid operated clutches can combine according to the instruction of control signal or disconnect, described solenoid operated clutches in conjunction with time, the motion of described 3rd axle will pass to described one-throw crankshaft, and then fertilizer apparatus of digging pit described in driving carries out fertilising operation of digging pit, when described solenoid operated clutches disconnects, the motion of described one-throw crankshaft will be cut off, described in fertilizer apparatus of digging pit stop operation:
After receiving the control signal that described single-chip microcomputer sends, the magnetic valve of described fluid pressure drive device can according to the instruction of control signal, control and drive the piston rod of described vehicle bridge hydraulic pressure cylinder assembly and described steering hydraulic cylinder component to do to stretch, motion of contracting, by the control to the stretching of described vehicle bridge hydraulic pressure cylinder assembly piston rod, motion of contracting, the control that described gear lever is rotated can be realized, and then the control realized described axle assembly internal gear engagement, change the rotating speed of two described driving wheels and turn to; By the control to the stretching of described steering hydraulic cylinder component piston rod, motion of contracting, can realize the control that described trapezoidal linkage is swung, and then the control of realization to two described deflecting roller deflection angles.
After receiving the control signal that described single-chip microcomputer sends, described power conversion device can regulate energy flow between described battery pack and described electromotor according to control signal, realize control to described electromotor operating power, this orchard remote control electric fertilizer distributor of digging pit can normally be worked under different operating mode.In the course of work, when described battery pack generation overdischarge, described single-chip microcomputer can cut off drive circuit automatically, stops power supply, and makes the infringement that described battery pack is avoided because overdischarge brings.
A kind of orchard electric remote control of one that the utility model provides is digged pit fertilizer distributor, by fuselage, electromotor, gearbox, running gear, transmission mechanism, solenoid operated clutches, to dig pit fertilizer apparatus, transfer, control device is formed, described electromotor and described gearbox are fixedly mounted on the upper back of described fuselage, described running gear is fixedly mounted on the front lower place of described fuselage, described transmission mechanism is fixedly mounted on the left surface of described fuselage, described transfer is fixedly mounted on the back lower place of described fuselage, described control device is fixedly mounted on above the middle part of described fuselage, described fertilizer apparatus of digging pit is arranged on the postmedian of described fuselage, described electromotor is connected with described gearbox transmission, described gearbox is in transmission connection with described running gear and described solenoid operated clutches respectively by described transmission mechanism, described fertilizer apparatus of digging pit is in transmission connection by described solenoid operated clutches and described transmission mechanism, described electromotor, solenoid operated clutches is connected with described control device circuit respectively, described running gear, transfer is connected with described control device hydraulic control respectively, this machine achieves the synchronization job of digging pit with fertilizer, fixed point can not only be carried out to dig pit fertilising operation, and fertilising operation of digging pit can be carried out being continuously traveling in process, can the walking of remote control complete machine and job state by control device, operating efficiency is high, safety is good, there is good popularizing application prospect.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is the front view of fertilizer distributor of digging pit;
Fig. 2 is the vertical view of fertilizer distributor of digging pit;
Fig. 3 is the principle schematic of fertilizer apparatus of digging pit;
Fig. 4 is the schematic diagram of mechanism of digging pit in fertilizer apparatus of digging pit;
Fig. 5 is the schematic diagram of trailing bar in fertilizer apparatus of digging pit;
In figure: 1, fuselage; 101, transmission support frame; 102, cabinet; 103, frame; 2, electromotor; 3, gearbox; 301, power shaft; 302, output shaft; 4, running gear; 401, driving wheel; 402, axle assembly; 403, clutch and shift; 404, vehicle bridge hydraulic pressure cylinder assembly; 405, axle stand; 5, transmission mechanism; 501, the first axle; 502, driving pulley; 503, intermediary transfer belt; 504, middle driven pulley; 505, drive sprocket; 506, the second axle; 507, driving chain; 508, driven sprocket; 509, the 3rd axle; 510, vehicle bridge driving-belt; 511, vehicle bridge driven pulley; 6, solenoid operated clutches; 7, to dig pit fertilizer apparatus; 701, ground shovel is dug; 702, connecting rod; 703, one-throw crankshaft; 704, rocking bar; 705, flexible axle conduit; 706, pulley is supported; 707, flexible axle; 708, fertilizer baffle plate; 709, fertilizer can; 710, hopper; 711, guide plate; 712, back-moving spring; 713, roller; 714, fertilising pipe; 715, gripper shoe; 716, trailing bar; 8, transfer; 801, deflecting roller; 802, deflecting wheel support bracket; 803, trapezoidal connecting rod steering mechanism; 804, steering hydraulic cylinder component; 9, control device; 901, switch machine; 902, Signal reception treating apparatus; 903, power conversion device; 904, fluid pressure drive device; 905, single-chip microcomputer electronic controller; 906, hydraulic oil container; 907, battery pack;
Embodiment:
In order to make the purpose of this utility model, technical scheme and advantage clearly understand, below in conjunction with drawings and Examples, the utility model is further described.Should be appreciated that instantiation described herein only in order to explain the utility model, and be not used in restriction utility model.
Fig. 1 and Fig. 2 is that orchard remote control electric that the utility model case study on implementation provides is digged pit the structural representation of fertilizer distributor, Fig. 3 is that orchard remote control electric that the utility model case study on implementation provides is digged pit the fundamental diagram of fertilizer apparatus of digging pit of fertilizer distributor, Fig. 4 is the schematic diagram of mechanism of digging pit in fertilizer apparatus of digging pit, for convenience of explanation, illustrate only the part relevant to the utility model.
This orchard remote control electric fertilizer distributor of digging pit comprises: fuselage 1, electromotor 2, gearbox 3, running gear 4, transmission mechanism 5, solenoid operated clutches 6, fertilizer apparatus 7 of digging pit, transfer 8, control device 9;
Electromotor 2 and speed change are fixedly mounted on the front upper part of fuselage 1 for 3 casees, running gear 4 is fixedly mounted on the front lower place of fuselage 1, transmission mechanism 5 is fixedly mounted on the left surface of fuselage 1, transfer 8 is fixedly mounted on the back lower place of fuselage 1, control device 9 is fixedly mounted on above the middle part of fuselage 1, fertilizer apparatus 7 hinge of digging pit is arranged on the postmedian of fuselage 1
Electromotor 2 and gearbox 3 are in transmission connection, gearbox 3 is in transmission connection with described running gear 4, solenoid operated clutches 6 respectively by described transmission mechanism 5, fertilizer apparatus 7 of digging pit is in transmission connection by solenoid operated clutches 6 and transmission mechanism 5, electromotor 2, solenoid operated clutches 6 are connected with control device 9 circuit respectively, and running gear 4, transfer 8 are connected with control device 9 hydraulic control respectively.
As shown in Figure 1 and Figure 2, in the utility model embodiment, fuselage 1 comprises: transmission support frame 101, cabinet 102, frame 10303;
Cabinet 102 is fixedly mounted on above frame 10303, and transmission support frame 101 is fixedly mounted on the left side of cabinet 102 and frame 10303.
As shown in Figure 1, Figure 2, shown in Fig. 3, Fig. 4 and Fig. 5, in the utility model embodiment, fertilizer apparatus 7 of digging pit comprises: dig ground shovel 701, connecting rod 702, one-throw crankshaft 703, rocking bar 704,705, two, flexible axle conduit supports pulley 706, flexible axle 707, fertilizer baffle plate 708, fertilizer can 709, hopper 7010, guide plate 7011, back-moving spring 7012, roller 7013, apply fertilizer pipe 7014, gripper shoe 7015, trailing bar 7016;
The two ends of the trunnion of one-throw crankshaft 701 are hinged on the front portion of frame 103, the large end of connecting rod 702 and one-throw crankshaft 703 singly to turn axle journal hinged, dig the small end that ground shovel 701 is fixedly mounted on connecting rod 702, the middle part that one end of rocking bar 704 is hinged on the front lower portion of frame 103, the other end of rocking bar 704 is hinged on connecting rod 702, gripper shoe 7015 is fixedly mounted on the rear lower of frame 103, fertilizer can 709 is fixedly mounted on the upper back of frame 103, conical hopper 7010 is fixedly mounted on the inside of fertilizer can 709, guide plate 7011 is welded on the bottom of conical hopper 7011, controlling fertilizer baffle plate 708 is inserted between the box plate of guide plate 7011 and fertilizer can 709 by the rectangular opening of the left boxboard bottom of fertilizer can 709, between fertilizer baffle plate 708 and guide plate 7011 and between the box plate of fertilizer baffle plate 708 and fertilizer can 709, roller 7013 is housed, the rear end of fertilizer baffle plate 708 and the front end of back-moving spring 7012 hinged, the rear end of back-moving spring 7012 is fixed on the rearing-box plate of fertilizer can 709, the upper end of defertilizing tube 7014 is fixedly mounted on the bottom of fertilizer can 709, the middle part of defertilizing tube 7014 is fixedly mounted in gripper shoe 7015, the lower end of defertilizing tube 7014 extends to below in the middle part of frame 103, one supports pulley 706 and is fixedly mounted on above frame rear portion, another supports pulley 706 and is fixedly mounted on below frame 103 rear portion, bowden cable conduit 705 is fixedly mounted on the centre of frame 103, bowden cable 707 passes from the groove and bowden cable conduit 708 of two support pulleys 706, one end of bowden cable 707 and the small end of connecting rod 702 hinged, the other end of bowden cable 707 is hinged with the left end controlling fertilizer baffle plate 708, trailing bar 7016 is fixedly mounted on the lower right of frame 103
When one-throw crankshaft 703 rotates, rocking bar 704 is around the pin joint reciprocally swinging of himself and frame 103, simultaneously connecting rod 702 is around the pin joint reciprocating rotation of himself and rocking bar 704, while make the ground shovel 701 that digs of the small end being fixedly mounted on connecting rod 702 carry out operation, by the bowden cable 707 being hinged on the small end of connecting rod 702, fertilizer baffle plate 708 is moved.
In the process that one-throw crankshaft 703 turns around, earth's surface is cut to this period of time leaving earth's surface completely from digging ground shovel 701, dig ground shovel 701 and carry out digging pit operation, bowden cable 707 tension, fertilizer baffle plate 708 starts to move forward under the pulling of bowden cable 707, circular hole on fertilizer baffle plate 708 overlaps with the outlet at bottom of conical hopper 7011, fertilizer in conical hopper 7011 starts to fall under Gravitative Loads, be discharged to by defertilizing tube 7014 in the heatable adobe sleeping platform formed between the back side and soil digging ground shovel 701, fertilizer operation and operation of digging pit synchronously are carried out, trailing bar 16 to be continuously traveling the soil knife filling that digs out when digging pit in upper once work cycle in process in heatable adobe sleeping platform at work tool, complete earthing, dig the soil that ground shovel 701 digs out, then being dug ground shovel 701 throws before heatable adobe sleeping platform, trailing bar 16 to continue with work tool in traveling process to be dug ground shovel 1 knife filling in the heatable adobe sleeping platform that once digs out in work cycle, earth's surface is left completely to again cutting earth's surface during this period of time from digging ground shovel 701, dig ground shovel 701 idle stroke motion, do not carry out digging pit operation, bowden cable 707 not tension, be in relaxed state, fertilizer baffle plate 708 moves backward under the pulling of back-moving spring 7012, the outlet at bottom of the circular hole on fertilizer baffle plate 708 and conical hopper 7011 staggers, the outlet at bottom of conical hopper 7011 is blocked by fertilizer baffle plate 708, fertilizer in conical hopper 7011 stops falling, and dig pit operation and fertilizer operation synchronously stop, when one-throw crankshaft 4 starts a new circle rotation, above-mentioned operation process circulation is carried out.
As shown in Figure 1 and Figure 2, in the utility model embodiment, running gear 4 comprises: two driving wheels 401, axle assembly 402, gear lever 403, vehicle bridge hydraulic pressure cylinder assembly 404, two axle stands 405, two axle stands 405 are fixedly mounted on the left and right sides of frame 10303 back lower place respectively, axle assembly 402 is fixedly mounted on axle stand 405, two driving wheels 401 are fixedly mounted on the left and right sides of the power take-off of axle assembly 402 respectively, vehicle bridge hydraulic pressure cylinder assembly 404 is fixedly mounted on the top of axle assembly 402, gear lever 403 is arranged on the rear portion of axle assembly 402, gear lever 403 respectively with the piston rod chain connection of axle assembly 402 and vehicle bridge hydraulic pressure cylinder assembly 404, by stretching of the piston rod of vehicle bridge hydraulic pressure cylinder assembly 404, contracting motion can control the rotation of gear lever 403, the engagement of axle assembly 402 internal gear can be controlled by the rotation of gear lever 403, change the rotating speed of two driving wheels 401 and turn to, and then make this orchard remote control electric fertilizer distributor of digging pit can realize moving ahead, retreat, speed change walking and stopping walking,
When the internal gear of axle assembly 402 be in move ahead engagement time, the power take-off of axle assembly 402 drives driving wheel 401 to turn clockwise, this orchard remote control electric fertilizer distributor of digging pit moves ahead, when the internal gear of axle assembly 402 is in retrogressing engagement respectively, the power take-off of axle assembly 402 drives driving wheel 401 to be rotated counterclockwise, this orchard remote control electric dig pit fertilizer distributor retreat, when the internal gear of axle assembly 402 is in the engagement stopping walking respectively, the motion of the power take-off of axle assembly 402 is cut off, this orchard remote control electric dig pit fertilizer distributor stop walking, when the internal gear of axle assembly 402 is in the engagement of target velocity gear, the power take-off of axle assembly 402 drives driving wheel 401 to rotate, this orchard remote control electric fertilizer distributor of digging pit is walked under target velocity gear,
For the sake of security, manually can also pull the gear engagement states that gear lever 403 controls axle assembly 402 inside, in order to avoid cause danger under remote signal upset condition.
As shown in Figure 1 and Figure 2, in the utility model embodiment, transmission mechanism 5 comprises: the first axle 501, driving pulley 502, intermediary transfer belt 503, middle driven pulley 504, drive sprocket 505, second axle 506, driving chain 507, driven sprocket 508, the 3rd axle 509, vehicle bridge driving-belt 510, vehicle bridge driven pulley 511;
First axle 501 hinge is arranged on transmission support frame 101 top, driving pulley 502 is fixedly mounted on the first axle 501, second axle 506 hinge is arranged on the middle part of transmission support frame 101, middle driven pulley 504 and drive sprocket 505 are fixedly mounted on the second axle 506 respectively, driven sprocket 508 is fixedly mounted on the 3rd axle 509, and vehicle bridge driven pulley 511 is fixedly mounted on the power input shaft of axle assembly 402;
The left end of the first axle 501 and the output shaft of gearbox 3 are in transmission connection, first axle 501 1 aspect is in transmission connection by driving pulley 502, intermediary transfer belt 503, middle driven pulley 504 and the second axle 506, be in transmission connection with vehicle bridge driven pulley 511 by driving pulley 502, vehicle bridge driving-belt 510 again on the other hand, second axle 506 is in transmission connection by drive sprocket 505, driving chain 507, driven sprocket 508 and the 3rd axle 509, and the 3rd axle 509 is in transmission connection by the left end trunnion of solenoid operated clutches 6 with one-throw crankshaft 703;
When gearbox 3 passes motion to the first axle 501, first axle 501 1 aspect is by driving pulley 502, vehicle bridge driving-belt 510 and vehicle bridge driven pulley 511 pass motion to the power input shaft of axle assembly 402, the power input shaft of axle assembly 402 is driven to rotate, on the other hand again by driving pulley 502, intermediary transfer belt 503, middle driven pulley 504, second axle 506, drive sprocket 505, driving chain 507 and driven sprocket 508 pass motion to the 3rd axle 509, 3rd axle 509 passes motion to one-throw crankshaft 703 by solenoid operated clutches 6, one-throw crankshaft 703 is rotated.
As shown in Figure 1 and Figure 2, in the utility model embodiment, transfer 8 comprises: two deflecting rollers 801, two deflecting wheel support brackets 802, trapezoidal linkage 803, steering hydraulic cylinder components 804;
Two deflecting wheel support brackets 802 are fixedly mounted on the both sides of the front lower portion of frame 103, two deflecting rollers 801 respectively hinge are arranged on two deflecting wheel support brackets 802, steering hydraulic cylinder component 804 is fixedly mounted on the front portion of fuselage 1, the piston rod chain connection of trapezoidal linkage 803 1 aspect and steering hydraulic cylinder component 804, on the other hand with deflecting roller 801 chain connection;
Stretch when the piston rod of steering hydraulic cylinder component 804 does, contract motion time, trapezoidal linkage 803 can be driven to swing within the scope of certain angle, and then drive two deflecting rollers 801 to deflect to the left or to the right around two deflecting wheel support brackets 802 respectively simultaneously, thus realize this orchard remote control electric and to dig pit turning to of fertilizer distributor.
As shown in Figure 2, in the utility model embodiment, control device 9 comprises: switch machine 901, signal processing apparatus 902, power conversion device 903, fluid pressure drive device 904, single-chip microcomputer 905, hydraulic oil container 906, battery pack 907;
Switch machine 901 is connected with battery pack 907 circuit, battery pack 907 respectively with electromotor 2, solenoid operated clutches 6, signal processing apparatus 902, power conversion device 903, single-chip microcomputer 905 is connected by circuit, signal processing apparatus 902 links with single-chip microcomputer 905 circuit, single-chip microcomputer 905 respectively with solenoid operated clutches 6, power conversion device 903, fluid pressure drive device 904 circuit connects, power conversion device 903 is connected with electromotor 2 circuit, fluid pressure drive device 904 respectively with vehicle bridge hydraulic pressure cylinder assembly 404, steering hydraulic cylinder component 804, hydraulic oil container 906 hydraulic control connects,
When switch machine 901 closes, battery pack 907 is powered, after signal processing apparatus 902 receives remote signal, can decode to remote signal, process, then the control signal after process is passed to single-chip microcomputer 905, control signal can be passed to solenoid operated clutches 6, fluid pressure drive device 904 and power conversion device 903 according to the type of control signal by single-chip microcomputer 905 more respectively;
After receiving the control signal that single-chip microcomputer 905 sends, solenoid operated clutches 6 can realize closed according to the instruction of control signal or disconnect, when solenoid operated clutches 6 closes, the motion of the 3rd axle 509 will pass to one-throw crankshaft 703, and then drive fertilizer apparatus 7 of digging pit to carry out fertilising operation of digging pit, when solenoid operated clutches 6 disconnects, the motion of one-throw crankshaft 703 is cut off, and fertilizer apparatus 7 of digging pit stops operation;
After receiving the control signal that single-chip microcomputer 905 sends, the magnetic valve of fluid pressure drive device 904 can according to the instruction of control signal, control and drive the piston rod of vehicle bridge hydraulic pressure cylinder assembly 404 and steering hydraulic cylinder component 804 to do to stretch, contracting motion, by stretching vehicle bridge hydraulic pressure cylinder assembly 404 piston rod, the control of contracting motion, the control that gear lever 403 is rotated can be realized, and then the control realized axle assembly 402 internal gear engagement, by stretching steering hydraulic cylinder component 804 piston rod, the control of contracting motion, the control that trapezoidal linkage 803 is swung can be realized, and then the control realized two deflecting roller 801 deflection angles.
After receiving the control signal that single-chip microcomputer 905 sends, power conversion device 903 can according to the energy flow between control signal regulating cell group 907 and electromotor 2, realize the control to electromotor 2 operating power, this remote control electric machine of ploughing can normally be worked under different operating mode, in the course of work, when overdischarge occurs battery pack 907, single-chip microcomputer 905 can cut off drive circuit immediately, stop power supply, make the infringement that battery pack 907 is avoided because overdischarge brings.
Below in conjunction with drawings and the specific embodiments, application principle of the present utility model is further described.
As Fig. 1, Fig. 2, shown in Fig. 3 and Fig. 4, this remote control electric fertilizer distributor of digging pit comprises: fuselage 1, electromotor 2, gearbox 3, running gear 4, transmission mechanism 5, solenoid operated clutches 6, to dig pit fertilizer apparatus 7, transfer 8 and control device 9, electromotor 2 and speed change are fixedly mounted on the front upper part of fuselage 1 for 3 casees, running gear 4 is fixedly mounted on the front lower place of fuselage 1, transmission mechanism 5 is fixedly mounted on the left surface of fuselage 1, transfer 8 is fixedly mounted on the back lower place of fuselage 1, control device 9 is fixedly mounted on above the middle part of fuselage 1, fertilizer apparatus 7 hinge of digging pit is arranged on the postmedian of fuselage 1, electromotor 2 is in transmission connection with the power shaft of gearbox 2, the output shaft of gearbox 3 and the first axle 501 of transmission mechanism 5 are in transmission connection, and the motion of the first axle 501 of transmission mechanism 5 is on the one hand by the driving pulley 502 of transmission mechanism 5, intermediary transfer belt 503, middle driven pulley 504, second axle 506, drive sprocket 505, driving chain 507, driven sprocket 508, 3rd axle 509 and solenoid operated clutches 6 pass to the one-throw crankshaft 703 of fertilizer apparatus 7 of digging pit, and drive fertilizer apparatus 7 of digging pit to carry out operation, on the other hand again by the driving pulley 502 of transmission mechanism 5, vehicle bridge driving-belt 510, vehicle bridge driven pulley 511, pass motion to the axle assembly 402 of running gear 4, the driving wheel 401 of running gear 4 is rotated, realizes this orchard remote control electric and to dig pit the walking of fertilizer distributor, the single-chip microcomputer 905 of control device 9 respectively with the power conversion device 903 of control device 9, fluid pressure drive device 904 and solenoid operated clutches 6 circuit connect, and power conversion device 903 is connected with electromotor 2 circuit, fluid pressure drive device 904 respectively with hydraulic oil container 906, the vehicle bridge hydraulic pressure cylinder assembly 404 of running gear 4 and the hydraulic control of transfer 8 steering hydraulic cylinder component 804 connect.
Switch machine 901 is pressed during startup, switch machine 901 closes, battery pack 907 is powered, electromotor 2 starts, sent the remote signal moving ahead or retreat to signal processing apparatus 902 by remote controller, after signal processing apparatus 902 receives the remote signal moving ahead or retreat, the remote signal moved ahead or retreat is decoded, process, then the control signal moving ahead or retreat after process is passed to single-chip microcomputer 905, single-chip microcomputer 905 sends instruction and makes the solenoid control of fluid pressure drive device 904 and drive the piston rod of vehicle bridge hydraulic pressure cylinder assembly 404 to do to stretch, contracting motion, and then make the internal gear of axle assembly 402 be in the engagement moving ahead or retreat by the rotation of gear lever 403, gearbox 3 is moved through when electromotor 2, when transmission mechanism 5 is delivered to the axle assembly 402 of running gear 4, if the internal gear of axle assembly 402 is in the engagement that moves ahead, driving wheel 401 rotates clockwise, this orchard remote control electric fertilizer distributor of digging pit moves ahead, if the internal gear of axle assembly 402 is in retrogressing engagement, driving wheel 401 rotates counterclockwise, this orchard remote control electric dig pit fertilizer distributor retreat,
Move ahead at this orchard remote control electric fertilizer distributor of digging pit or retreat in the process of walking, when needing stop walking or change the speed of travel, sent the remote signal stopping walking or target velocity gear to signal processing apparatus 902 by remote controller, after signal processing apparatus 902 receives the remote signal stopping walking or target velocity gear, decode to stopping the remote signal of walking or target velocity gear, process, then the control signal of the stopping walking after process or target velocity gear is passed to single-chip microcomputer 905, single-chip microcomputer 905 sends instruction and makes the solenoid control of fluid pressure drive device 904 and drive the piston rod of vehicle bridge hydraulic pressure cylinder assembly 404 to do to stretch, contracting motion, and then drive gear lever 403 to rotate, the internal gear of axle assembly 402 is made to be in the engagement stopping walking or target velocity gear, gearbox 3 is moved through when electromotor 2, when transmission mechanism 5 is delivered to the axle assembly 402 of running gear 4, if the internal gear of axle assembly 402 is in the engagement stopping walking, the motion of the output shaft of axle assembly 402 is cut off, this orchard remote control electric dig pit fertilizer distributor stop walking, if the internal gear of axle assembly 402 is in the engagement of target velocity gear, this orchard remote control electric fertilizer distributor of digging pit just moves ahead with target velocity or retreats,
For the sake of security, manually can also pull the gear engagement states that gear lever 403 controls axle assembly 402 inside, in order to avoid cause danger under remote signal upset condition.
To move ahead or in the walking process that retreats at this orchard remote control electric fertilizer distributor of digging pit, when needing to turn to, sent the remote signal turned to signal processing apparatus 902 by remote controller, after signal processing apparatus 902 receives the remote signal turned to, the remote signal turned to is decoded, process, then the steering controling signal after process is passed to single-chip microcomputer 905, single-chip microcomputer 905 sends instruction and makes the solenoid-driven of fluid pressure drive device 904 and the piston rod controlling steering hydraulic cylinder component 804 does and stretches, contracting motion, trapezoidal linkage 803 is driven to swing within the scope of certain angle, two deflecting rollers 801 deflect certain angle around two deflecting wheel support brackets 802 respectively simultaneously to the left or to the right, thus realize this orchard remote control electric and to dig pit turning to of fertilizer distributor.
When this orchard remote control electric is digged pit during fertilizer distributor moves ahead, when carrying out digging pit fertilising operation, sent the remote signal of fertilising operation of digging pit to signal processing apparatus 902 by remote controller, after signal processing apparatus 902 receives the remote signal of fertilising operation of digging pit, the remote signal of fertilising operation of digging pit is decoded, process, then the control signal of the fertilising operation of digging pit after process is passed to single-chip microcomputer 905, single-chip microcomputer 905 sends instruction makes solenoid operated clutches 6 close, the motion of electromotor 2 just passes to the one-throw crankshaft 703 of fertilizer apparatus 7 of digging pit by the 3rd axle 509 of transmission mechanism 5, the connecting rod 702 of fertilizer apparatus 7 of digging pit moves under the driving of one-throw crankshaft 703, in the process that one-throw crankshaft 703 turns around, earth's surface is cut to this period of time leaving earth's surface completely from digging ground shovel 701, dig ground shovel 701 and carry out digging pit operation, bowden cable 707 tension, fertilizer baffle plate 708 starts to move forward under the pulling of bowden cable 707, circular hole on fertilizer baffle plate 708 overlaps with the outlet at bottom of conical hopper 7011, fertilizer in conical hopper 7011 starts to fall under Gravitative Loads, be discharged to by defertilizing tube 7014 in the heatable adobe sleeping platform formed between the back side and soil digging ground shovel 701, fertilizer operation and operation of digging pit synchronously are carried out, trailing bar 16 to be continuously traveling the soil knife filling that digs out when digging pit in upper once work cycle in process in heatable adobe sleeping platform at work tool, complete earthing, dig the soil that ground shovel 701 digs out, then being dug ground shovel 701 throws before heatable adobe sleeping platform, trailing bar 16 to continue with work tool in traveling process to be dug ground shovel 1 knife filling in the heatable adobe sleeping platform that once digs out in work cycle, earth's surface is left completely to again cutting earth's surface during this period of time from digging ground shovel 701, dig ground shovel 701 idle stroke motion, do not carry out digging pit operation, bowden cable 707 not tension, be in relaxed state, fertilizer baffle plate 708 moves backward under the pulling of back-moving spring 7012, the outlet at bottom of the circular hole on fertilizer baffle plate 708 and conical hopper 7011 staggers, the outlet at bottom of conical hopper 7011 is blocked by fertilizer baffle plate 708, fertilizer in conical hopper 7011 stops falling, dig pit and fertilizer synchronously stop, completing a work cycle, when one-throw crankshaft 4 starts a new circle rotation, above-mentioned operation process circulation is carried out.
When this orchard remote control electric is digged pit during fertilizer distributor moves ahead, when stopping digging pit fertilising operation, by remote controller to signal processing apparatus 902 send stop dig pit fertilising operation remote signal, signal processing apparatus 902 receive stop dig pit fertilising operation remote signal after, to stop dig pit fertilising operation remote signal decode, process, then by process after stopping dig pit fertilising operation control signal pass to single-chip microcomputer 905, single-chip microcomputer 905 sends instruction makes solenoid operated clutches 6 disconnect, but the Movement transmit turning bent axle 703 cuts off, dig pit fertilizer apparatus 7 dig pit fertilising operation stop.
When this orchard remote control electric dig pit fertilizer distributor to carry out fixed point dig pit fertilising operation time, first sent successively to signal processing apparatus 902 by remote controller and stop walk remote signal, fertilising operation remote signal of digging pit, this orchard remote control electric dig pit fertilizer distributor stop walking, carry out fixed point to dig pit fertilising operation, send stopping by remote controller to signal processing apparatus 902 to dig pit fertilising remote signal, fixed point fertilising of digging pit can be made to stop operation.
Dig pit in the fertilizer distributor course of work at this orchard remote control electric, when need adjust the operating power of electromotor, the remote signal adjusted to signal processing apparatus 902 transmitted power by remote controller, after signal processing apparatus 902 receives the remote signal of power adjustment, the remote signal of power adjustment is decoded, process, then the power adjustment control signal after process is passed to single-chip microcomputer 905, single-chip microcomputer 905 sends instruction makes power conversion device 903 according to the energy flow between power adjustment control signal regulating cell group 907 and electromotor 2, realize the control to electromotor 2 operating power, this orchard remote control electric fertilizer distributor of digging pit can normally be worked under different operating mode, in the course of work, when there is overdischarge in battery pack 907, single-chip microcomputer 905 can cut off drive circuit automatically, battery pack 907 is stopped power supply, the infringement making battery pack 907 avoid overdischarge may to bring.
A kind of orchard remote control electric that the utility model provides is digged pit fertilizer distributor, by fuselage 1, electromotor 2, gearbox 3, running gear 4, transmission mechanism 5, solenoid operated clutches 6, to dig pit fertilizer apparatus 7, transfer 8, control device 9 is formed, electromotor 2 and gearbox 3 are fixedly mounted on the front upper part of fuselage 1, solid 4 Dingan County of running gear are contained in the front lower place of fuselage 1, transmission mechanism 5 is fixedly mounted on the left surface of fuselage 1, transfer 8 is fixedly mounted on the back lower place of fuselage 1, control device 9 is fixedly mounted on above the middle part of fuselage 1, to dig pit the postmedian of fertilizer apparatus 7 hinge at fuselage 1, electromotor 2 and gearbox 3 are in transmission connection, gearbox 3 is in transmission connection with running gear 4 and solenoid operated clutches 6 respectively by transmission mechanism 5, fertilizer apparatus 7 of digging pit is in transmission connection by solenoid operated clutches 6 and transmission mechanism 5, electromotor 2, solenoid operated clutches 6 is connected with control device 9 circuit respectively, running gear 4, transfer 8 is connected with control device 9 hydraulic control respectively, this machine achieves the synchronization job of digging pit with fertilizer, fixed point can not only be carried out to dig pit fertilising operation, and fertilising operation of digging pit can be carried out being continuously traveling in process, by walking and the job state of control device energy remote control complete machine, operating efficiency is high, safety is good, has good popularizing application prospect.
Technical scope of the present utility model is not limited to the content on specification, all do within spirit of the present utility model and principle amendment, equivalent to replace and improvement etc., all should be included within protection domain of the present utility model.

Claims (6)

1. an orchard remote control electric is digged pit fertilizer distributor, it is characterized in that, this orchard remote control electric fertilizer distributor of digging pit comprises: fuselage, electromotor, gearbox, transmission mechanism, control device, fertilizer apparatus of digging pit, running gear, transfer, solenoid operated clutches;
Electromotor and gearbox are fixedly mounted on the front upper part of fuselage, running gear is fixedly mounted on the front lower place of fuselage, transmission mechanism is fixedly mounted on the left surface of fuselage, transfer is fixedly mounted on the back lower place of fuselage, control device is fixedly mounted on above the middle part of fuselage, and fertilizer apparatus of digging pit is arranged on the postmedian of fuselage;
Electromotor is connected with gearbox transmission, gearbox is in transmission connection with running gear and solenoid operated clutches respectively by transmission mechanism, fertilizer apparatus of digging pit is in transmission connection by solenoid operated clutches and transmission mechanism, control device is connected with solenoid operated clutches and motor circuit respectively, and running gear and transfer are connected with control device hydraulic control separately;
Can control this orchard remote control electric by control device to dig pit the walking of fertilizer distributor complete machine and job state, control device comprises: switch machine, battery pack, signal processing apparatus, power conversion device, single-chip microcomputer, fluid pressure drive device, hydraulic oil container;
Switch machine is connected with battery circuit, battery pack is connected with electromotor, solenoid operated clutches, signal processing apparatus, power conversion device and single-chip microcomputer respectively by circuit, signal processing apparatus links with single chip circuit, single-chip microcomputer is connected with solenoid operated clutches, power conversion device, fluid pressure drive device circuit respectively, power conversion device is connected with motor circuit, and fluid pressure drive device is connected with back axle hydraulic pressure cylinder assembly, steering hydraulic cylinder component, hydraulic oil container hydraulic control respectively;
When switch machine closes, battery pack to motor, motor start-up, the motion of electromotor passes to the first axle after gearbox speed change, and motion can be passed to power input shaft and the 3rd axle of axle assembly by the first axle respectively;
After signal processing apparatus receives remote signal, the remote signal after decoding process is passed to single-chip microcomputer, and control signal is passed to fluid pressure drive device, solenoid operated clutches and power conversion device by monolithic function respectively;
Fluid pressure drive device can drive the piston rod of vehicle bridge hydraulic pressure cylinder assembly and steering hydraulic cylinder component to do respectively to stretch under the control of single-chip microcomputer, motion of contracting;
The stretching of the piston rod of vehicle bridge hydraulic pressure cylinder assembly, contracting campaign can drive gear lever to rotate, and change the rotating speed of two driving wheels and turn to, and this orchard remote control electric is digged pit, and fertilizer distributor can realize respectively moving ahead, retreats, speed change walking and stop walking;
The stretching of the piston rod of steering hydraulic cylinder component, motion of contracting can drive trapezoidal linkage to swing to the left or to the right respectively, and two deflecting rollers are synchronously deflected to the left or to the right, this orchard remote control electric is digged pit turning that fertilizer distributor realizes in walking process;
Solenoid operated clutches can realize being separated and combining under the control of single-chip microcomputer, solenoid operated clutches in conjunction with time, can by the Movement transmit of the 3rd axle to one-throw crankshaft, driving fertilizer apparatus of digging pit carries out fertilising operation of digging pit, when solenoid operated clutches is separated, the motion of one-throw crankshaft is cut off, and fertilizer apparatus of digging pit stops operation;
When one-throw crankshaft rotates, drive rocker is around the pin joint reciprocally swinging of himself and frame, simultaneously drive link is around the pin joint reciprocating rotation of himself and rocking bar, while make the ground shovel that digs of the small end being fixedly mounted on connecting rod carry out digging pit operation, while make fertilizer baffle plate move by the bowden cable of the small end being hinged on connecting rod, realize digging pit and the synchronization job of fertilizer;
Power conversion device can energy flow between regulating cell group and electromotor under the control of single-chip microcomputer, and this orchard remote control electric fertilising function of digging pit normally is worked under different operating mode; Dig pit in fertilizer distributor operation process at this orchard remote control electric, when battery pack generation overdischarge, single-chip microcomputer automatically can cut off the circuit between battery pack and electromotor, stops power supply, and makes the infringement that battery pack is avoided because overdischarge brings;
Under the control of single-chip microcomputer, this orchard remote control electric digs pit fertilising function according to the remote signal received, and carries out fixed point respectively and to dig pit fertilizer operation, also can carry out digging pit in the process of moving ahead, fertilizer and earthing operation;
Manually pull gear lever, also can change the rotating speed of two driving wheels and turn to.
2. orchard as claimed in claim 1 remote control electric is digged pit fertilizer distributor, and it is characterized in that, described fuselage comprises further: frame, cabinet, transmission support frame;
Described cabinet is fixedly mounted on above described frame, and described transmission support frame is fixedly mounted on the right side of described cabinet and described frame.
3. orchard as claimed in claim 1 remote control electric is digged pit fertilizer distributor, it is characterized in that, described transmission mechanism comprises further: the first axle, driving pulley, intermediary transfer belt, middle driven pulley, drive sprocket, the second axle, driving chain, driven sprocket, the 3rd axle, vehicle bridge driving-belt, vehicle bridge driven pulley;
Described first pivot hinge is arranged on the front upper part of described transmission support frame, described driving pulley is fixedly mounted on the upper of described first axle, described second pivot hinge is arranged on the middle part of described transmission support frame, described middle driven pulley and described drive sprocket are fixedly mounted on described second axle respectively, described triaxial hinge is arranged on the front lower portion of described transmission support frame, described driven sprocket is fixedly mounted on described 3rd axle, and described vehicle bridge driven pulley is fixedly mounted on the power input shaft of described axle assembly;
The right-hand member of described first axle and the output shaft of described gearbox are in transmission connection, described driving pulley is connected with described second through-drive by described intermediary transfer belt, middle driven pulley on the one hand, be connected with described vehicle bridge driven pulley by described vehicle bridge driving-belt again on the other hand, described second axle is connected with described 3rd through-drive by described drive sprocket, driving chain, driven sprocket, and described 3rd axle is in transmission connection by the left end trunnion of described solenoid operated clutches and described one-throw crankshaft;
When described gearbox gives Movement transmit on described first axle, described first axle passes motion to the power input shaft of described axle assembly on the one hand by described driving pulley, vehicle bridge driving-belt and vehicle bridge driven pulley, pass motion to described 3rd axle by described driving pulley, intermediary transfer belt, middle driven pulley, the second axle, drive sprocket, driving chain and driven sprocket again on the other hand, described 3rd axle passes motion to described one-throw crankshaft by described solenoid operated clutches.
4. orchard as claimed in claim 1 remote control electric is digged pit fertilizer distributor, it is characterized in that, described in fertilizer apparatus of digging pit comprise further: dig ground shovel, connecting rod, one-throw crankshaft, rocking bar, flexible axle conduit, two support pulley, flexible axle, fertilizer baffle plate, fertilizer can, hopper, guide plate, back-moving spring, roller, fertilising pipe, gripper shoe, trailing bars;
The two ends of the trunnion of described one-throw crankshaft are hinged on the front portion of described frame, the large end of described connecting rod and described one-throw crankshaft singly to turn axle journal hinged, the described ground shovel that digs is fixedly mounted on the small end of described connecting rod, the middle part that one end of described rocking bar is hinged on the front lower portion of described frame, the other end of described rocking bar is hinged on described connecting rod, described gripper shoe is fixedly mounted on the right lower quadrant of described frame, described fertilizer can is fixedly mounted on the upper back of described frame, described hopper is fixedly mounted on the inside of described fertilizer can, described guide plate is welded on the bottom of described hopper, described fertilizer baffle plate is inserted between the box plate of described guide plate and described fertilizer can by the rectangular opening of the left boxboard bottom of described fertilizer can, between described fertilizer baffle plate and described guide plate and between described fertilizer baffle plate and the box plate of described fertilizer can, described roller is housed, the rear end of described fertilizer baffle plate and the front end of described back-moving spring hinged, the rear end of described back-moving spring is fixed on the rearing-box plate of described fertilizer can, the upper end of described defertilizing tube is fixedly mounted on the bottom of described fertilizer can, the middle part of described defertilizing tube is fixedly mounted in described gripper shoe, the lower end of described defertilizing tube extends to below described central rack, a described support pulley is fixedly mounted on above described frame rear portion, supporting pulley described in another is fixedly mounted on below described frame rear portion, described bowden cable conduit is fixedly mounted on the centre of described frame, described bowden cable passes from the groove and described bowden cable conduit of two described support pulleys, one end of described bowden cable and the small end of described connecting rod hinged, the other end of described bowden cable and the front end of described fertilizer baffle plate hinged, described trailing bar is fixedly mounted on the lower right of described frame,
In the process that described one-throw crankshaft turns around, from described dig ground shovel cut earth's surface to this period of time leaving earth's surface completely, the described ground shovel that digs carries out digging pit operation, make described bowden cable tension, described fertilizer baffle plate starts to move forward under the pulling of described bowden cable, circular hole on described fertilizer baffle plate overlaps with the outlet at bottom of described hopper, fertilizer in described hopper starts to fall under Gravitative Loads, dig in the heatable adobe sleeping platform formed between the back side of ground shovel and soil described in being discharged to by described defertilizing tube, fertilizer operation and operation of digging pit synchronously are carried out, the described soil digging ground shovel and dig out, then thrown before heatable adobe sleeping platform by the described ground shovel that digs, fertilizer is synchronously carried out with digging pit, described trailing bar in complete machine moves ahead process continuously by the soil knife filling that digs out in upper once work cycle in heatable adobe sleeping platform, complete earthing, the soil of ground shovel throwing before heatable adobe sleeping platform is dug by described, complete machine continue in the process of moving ahead by by described trailing bar knife filling in the heatable adobe sleeping platform that once digs out in work cycle, earth's surface is left completely to again cutting earth's surface during this period of time from the described ground shovel that digs, described ground shovel idle stroke of digging is moved, is not carried out digging pit operation, described bowden cable not tension, be in relaxed state, described fertilizer baffle plate moves backward under the pulling of back-moving spring, circular hole on described fertilizer baffle plate and the outlet at bottom of described hopper stagger, the outlet at bottom of described hopper is blocked by described fertilizer baffle plate, and fertilizer in described hopper stops falling, and dig pit operation and fertilizer operation synchronously stop, when one-throw crankshaft starts a new circle rotation, above-mentioned operation process circulation is carried out.
5. orchard as claimed in claim 1 remote control electric is digged pit fertilizer distributor, and it is characterized in that, described running gear comprises further: two axle stands, axle assembly, two driving wheels, gear lever, vehicle bridge hydraulic pressure cylinder assemblies;
Two described axle stands are fixedly mounted on the left and right sides of described frame front lower place respectively, described axle assembly is fixedly mounted on described axle stand, two described driving wheels are fixedly mounted on the left and right sides of the power take-off of described axle assembly respectively, described vehicle bridge hydraulic pressure cylinder assembly is fixedly mounted on the top of described axle assembly, described gear lever is arranged on the rear portion of described axle assembly, described gear lever respectively with the piston rod chain connection of described axle assembly and described vehicle bridge hydraulic pressure cylinder assembly, by stretching of the piston rod of described vehicle bridge hydraulic pressure cylinder assembly, contracting motion can control the rotation of described gear lever, the engagement of described axle assembly internal gear can be controlled by the rotation of described gear lever, change the rotating speed of two described driving wheels and turn to, and then make this orchard remote control electric fertilizer distributor of digging pit can realize moving ahead, retreat, speed change walking and stopping walking.
6. orchard as claimed in claim 1 remote control electric is digged pit fertilizer distributor, and it is characterized in that, described transfer comprises further; Two deflecting wheel support brackets, two deflecting rollers, trapezoidal linkage, steering hydraulic cylinder components;
Two described deflecting wheel support brackets are fixedly mounted on the both sides of described frame rear lower separately respectively, two described deflecting rollers separately respectively hinge be arranged on two described deflecting wheel support brackets, described steering hydraulic cylinder component is fixedly mounted on the rear portion of described fuselage, described trapezoidal linkage on the one hand with the piston rod chain connection of described steering hydraulic cylinder component, on the other hand and described deflecting roller chain connection;
Stretch when the piston rod of described steering hydraulic cylinder component does, contract motion time, described trapezoidal linkage can be driven to swing to the left or to the right respectively, and then drive two described deflecting rollers synchronously swing to the left or to the right around described deflecting wheel support bracket separately, make this orchard remote control electric dig pit fertilizer distributor realize turn to.
CN201520296596.4U 2015-04-29 2015-04-29 A kind of orchard remote control electric is digged pit fertilizer distributor Withdrawn - After Issue CN204634325U (en)

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Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104904378A (en) * 2015-04-29 2015-09-16 西北农林科技大学 Orchard remote control electric pit-digging fertilizer applicator
CN105564648A (en) * 2015-12-16 2016-05-11 无锡同春新能源科技有限公司 Unmanned excavating machine
CN108521909A (en) * 2018-03-16 2018-09-14 杭州师范大学钱江学院 Greenhouse nonirrigated farmland loosenning tiller and its scarifying method
CN109526337A (en) * 2018-11-16 2019-03-29 长沙宁湖机械设备有限公司 A kind of underground fertilizer applicator

Cited By (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104904378A (en) * 2015-04-29 2015-09-16 西北农林科技大学 Orchard remote control electric pit-digging fertilizer applicator
CN104904378B (en) * 2015-04-29 2017-03-15 西北农林科技大学 A kind of orchard remote control electric is digged pit fertilizer applicator
CN105564648A (en) * 2015-12-16 2016-05-11 无锡同春新能源科技有限公司 Unmanned excavating machine
CN108521909A (en) * 2018-03-16 2018-09-14 杭州师范大学钱江学院 Greenhouse nonirrigated farmland loosenning tiller and its scarifying method
CN108521909B (en) * 2018-03-16 2023-06-13 杭州师范大学钱江学院 Dry land scarifier for greenhouse and scarifying method thereof
CN109526337A (en) * 2018-11-16 2019-03-29 长沙宁湖机械设备有限公司 A kind of underground fertilizer applicator
CN109526337B (en) * 2018-11-16 2021-05-25 新昌县澄聚农业科技有限公司 Underground fertilizer applicator

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