CN203691877U - Remote-control electric plowing machine in greenhouse - Google Patents

Remote-control electric plowing machine in greenhouse Download PDF

Info

Publication number
CN203691877U
CN203691877U CN201320895289.9U CN201320895289U CN203691877U CN 203691877 U CN203691877 U CN 203691877U CN 201320895289 U CN201320895289 U CN 201320895289U CN 203691877 U CN203691877 U CN 203691877U
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
ploughing
fixedly mounted
greenhouse
fuselage
axle
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CN201320895289.9U
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
赵友亮
谢向阳
周玉彬
杜晓文
石福成
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Northwest A&F University
Original Assignee
Northwest A&F University
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Northwest A&F University filed Critical Northwest A&F University
Priority to CN201320895289.9U priority Critical patent/CN203691877U/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN203691877U publication Critical patent/CN203691877U/en
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current

Links

Abstract

A remote-control electric plowing machine in a greenhouse comprises a machine body, a motor, a gearbox, a walking device, a transmission mechanism, an electromagnetic-control clutch, a plowing mechanism, a turning device and a controller, wherein the motor and the gearbox are firmly installed on the rear top of the machine body, the walking device is firmly installed on the right bottom of the machine body, the transmission mechanism is firmly installed on the right side of the machine body, the turning device is firmly installed on the front bottom of the machine body, the controller is firmly installed on the middle top of the machine body, a hinge of the plowing mechanism is installed under the machine body, a battery pack in the controller provides electricity, power of the motor is respectively transmitted to the walking device and the plowing mechanism via the gearbox and the transmission mechanism in order to drive the complete machine walk and conduct plowing operation, and the controller can be used to remotely control waking and operation status of the complete machine. The remote-control electric plowing machine in the greenhouse has adjustable plowing depth, stable operation load and small volume, can satisfy agricultural requirements for deep plowing of greenhouse soil and has relatively strong popularized and applicable value.

Description

The remote control electric machine of ploughing for a kind of greenhouse
Technical field
The utility model belongs to agricultural machinery technological field, relates in particular to a kind of greenhouse electric remote control machine of ploughing.
Background technology
It is one of cargo handling operation important in greenhouse management that soil is ploughed deeply, and to improving the permeability of soil structure, enhancing soil, the preserve moisture and fertility ability that improves soil has important function; Plough deeply operation and also can and colonize in insect in these trashes depths of placing into the soil by the stubble of soil surface, weeds, eliminate weeds and sick worm.Soil in greenhouse, frequently trampling during because of intensive plantation, irrigation, results and other daily management operation, is easy to harden, and all needs to plough deeply operation in the plantation of changing crops as last.
The farmland of river original area is generally to plough deeply operation with tractor-drawn trench plow, and hilly and mountainous land is mainly to plough deeply operation with animal-drawn deep ploughing ploughshare.And soil in greenhouse is mainly still manually plough deeply operation with hoe or spade at present, operating efficiency is low, and labour intensity is large.In greenhouse, why soil ploughed deeply or taking manual work as main, reason is mainly: on the one hand, inside greenhouse working space is limited, be difficult to plough deeply plough with tractor or animal-drawn and plough deeply operation, on the other hand, greenhouse space relative closure, the waste gas of discharging when gasoline engine or diesel engine operation can affect the yield and quality of crop.Therefore, design the reality needs that a kind of greenhouse remote control electric machine of ploughing is hothouse production management.
Utility model content
The purpose of this utility model is to provide a kind of greenhouse remote control electric machine of ploughing, and this remote control electric machine of ploughing comprises: fuselage, electromotor, gearbox, running gear, transmission mechanism, solenoid operated clutches, the mechanism of ploughing, transfer, control device etc.;
Described electromotor and described gearbox are fixedly mounted on the upper back of described fuselage, described running gear is fixedly mounted on the back lower place of described fuselage, described transmission mechanism is fixedly mounted on the right flank of described fuselage, described transfer is fixedly mounted on the front lower place of described fuselage, described control device is fixedly mounted on above the middle part of described fuselage, described in the mechanism's hinge of ploughing be arranged on below described fuselage;
Described electromotor and described gearbox are in transmission connection, described gearbox is in transmission connection with described running gear, solenoid operated clutches respectively by described transmission mechanism, the described mechanism of ploughing is in transmission connection by described solenoid operated clutches and described transmission mechanism, described electromotor, solenoid operated clutches are connected with described control device circuit respectively, and described running gear, transfer are connected with described control device hydraulic control respectively.
Further, described fuselage comprises: transmission bracing frame, cabinet, frame, guide-track groove;
Described transmission bracing frame is fixedly mounted on the right side of described cabinet, frame, and described cabinet is fixedly mounted on described frame top, on four longerons of described frame, is processed with respectively described longitudinal rail groove.
Further, the mechanism of ploughing described in comprises: three-throw crankshaft, connecting rod (three), the shovel of ploughing (three), cylinder slide block (three);
Described three-throw crankshaft is arranged on the front portion of described frame, the large end difference chain connection of each described connecting rod is on a crank throw axle journal of described three-throw crankshaft, the middle part of each described connecting rod is fixedly connected with a described cylinder slide block respectively, each described cylinder slide block can slide respectively and rotate in the described guide-track groove of correspondence, the small end of each described connecting rod is bolted respectively the shovel of ploughing described in being installed with, the shank of shovel of ploughing described in each has a slotted hole along short transverse, pass through slotted hole, can change the installation site of shovel at each described wrist-pin end of connecting rod of digging described in each, thereby the plough degree of depth of ploughing of machine of remote control electric for adjustable this greenhouse,
In the time moving under the driving of each described connecting rod at described three-throw crankshaft, each described cylinder slide block reciprocatingly slides and rotates respectively in the described guide-track groove of correspondence, the small end of each described connecting rod does linear reciprocating motion with each self-corresponding described cylinder slide block on one side, on one side around rotating with the axial line of each self-corresponding described cylinder slide block, make to be fixedly mounted on each described wrist-pin end of connecting rod described in plough separately respectively the burying of operation and throw soil motion of shovel of ploughing, described three-throw crankshaft often revolves and goes around, the shovel of ploughing described in each completes respectively the work cycle of ploughing separately, but the Working motion of ploughing of the shovel of ploughing described in each, also asynchronous in the process of often going around at described three-throw crankshaft, but the operating cycle in space 1/3rd, make remote control electric plough operating load of machine in this greenhouse steady, vibrate less.
Further, described running gear comprises: rear bridge bracket (two), rear axle assy, driving wheel (two), gear lever, back axle hydraulic pressure cylinder assembly;
Two described rear bridge brackets are fixedly mounted on respectively the left and right sides of the described frame back lower place, described rear axle assy is fixedly mounted on described rear bridge bracket, two described driving wheels are fixedly mounted on respectively the left and right sides of the power take-off of described rear axle assy, described back axle hydraulic pressure cylinder assembly is fixedly mounted on the top of described rear axle assy, described gear lever is arranged on the rear portion of described rear axle assy, described gear lever respectively with the piston rod chain connection of described rear axle assy and described back axle hydraulic pressure cylinder assembly, stretching of piston rod by described back axle hydraulic pressure cylinder assembly, contracting motion can be controlled the rotation of described gear lever, can control the engagement of described rear axle assy internal gear by the rotation of described gear lever, and then this greenhouse remote control electric machine of ploughing can be realized move ahead, retreat, speed change is walked and is stopped walking,
When the internal gear of described rear axle assy is in the time moving ahead engagement, the output shaft of described rear axle assy drives described driving wheel to turn clockwise, this terraced fields ground, mountain area moves ahead with remote control electric tractor, when the internal gear of described rear axle assy is respectively in the time retreating engagement, the power take-off of described rear axle assy drives described driving wheel to be rotated counterclockwise, this terraced fields ground, mountain area retreats with remote control electric tractor, when the internal gear of described rear axle assy is respectively in the time stopping the engagement of walking, the motion of the power take-off of described rear axle assy is cut off, this terraced fields ground, mountain area stops walking with remote control electric tractor, in the time of engagement in target velocity gear of the internal gear of described rear axle assy, the power take-off of described rear axle assy drives described driving wheel rotation, walk under target velocity gear with remote control electric tractor in this terraced fields ground, mountain area,
For the sake of security, can also pull described gear lever with staff, realize the Artificial Control to described rear axle assy internal gear engagement, in order to avoid cause danger under remote signal upset condition.
Further, described transmission mechanism comprises: the first axle, driving pulley, intermediate transmission band, middle driven pulley, drive sprocket, the second axle, driving chain, driven sprocket, the 3rd axle, back axle driving-belt, back axle driven pulley;
Described the first pivot hinge is arranged on the upper back of described transmission bracing frame, described driving pulley is fixedly mounted on the upper of described the first axle, described the second pivot hinge is arranged on the middle part of described transmission bracing frame, in the middle of described, driven pulley and described drive sprocket are fixedly mounted on respectively on described the second axle, described triaxial hinge is arranged on the front bottom of described transmission bracing frame, described driven sprocket is fixedly mounted on described the 3rd axle, and described back axle driven pulley is fixedly mounted on the power input shaft of described rear axle assy;
The left end of described the first axle and the output shaft of described gearbox are in transmission connection, described driving pulley is connected with described the second through-drive by described intermediate transmission band, middle driven pulley on the one hand, be connected with described back axle driven pulley by described back axle driving-belt again on the other hand, described the second axle is connected with described the 3rd through-drive by described drive sprocket, driving chain, driven sprocket, and described the 3rd axle is in transmission connection by the right-hand member trunnion of described solenoid operated clutches and described three-throw crankshaft;
In the time that described gearbox passes to described the first axle motion, described the first axle passes motion to the power input shaft of described rear axle assy on the one hand by described driving pulley, back axle driving-belt and back axle driven pulley, pass motion to described the 3rd axle by described driving pulley, intermediate transmission band, middle driven pulley, the second axle, drive sprocket, driving chain and driven sprocket again on the other hand, described the 3rd axle can pass motion to described three-throw crankshaft by described solenoid operated clutches.
Further, described transfer comprises: deflecting wheel support bracket (two), deflecting roller (two), trapezoidal linkage, steering hydraulic cylinder component;
Two described deflecting wheel support brackets are fixedly mounted on respectively the both sides of the front bottom of described frame, two described deflecting rollers respectively hinge are arranged on two described deflecting wheel support brackets, described steering hydraulic cylinder component is fixedly mounted on the front portion of described fuselage, described trapezoidal linkage on the one hand with the piston rod chain connection of described steering hydraulic cylinder component, on the other hand with described deflecting roller chain connection;
When the piston rod of described steering hydraulic cylinder component does when motion of stretching, contract, can drive described trapezoidal linkage to swing within the scope of certain angle, and then drive two described deflecting rollers respectively around two described deflecting wheel support brackets certain angles of deflection to the left or to the right simultaneously, thereby realize this greenhouse remote control electric turning to of machine of ploughing.
Further, described control device comprises: switch machine, battery pack, signal processing apparatus, power converter, single-chip microcomputer, fluid pressure drive device, hydraulic oil container;
Described switch machine is connected with described battery circuit, described battery pack is connected by circuit with described electromotor, solenoid operated clutches, signal processing apparatus, power converter, single-chip microcomputer respectively, described signal processing apparatus links with described single chip circuit, described single-chip microcomputer is connected with described solenoid operated clutches, power converter, fluid pressure drive device circuit respectively, described power converter is connected with described motor circuit, and described fluid pressure drive device is connected with described back axle hydraulic pressure cylinder assembly, steering hydraulic cylinder component, hydraulic oil container hydraulic control respectively;
In the time that described switch machine is closed, described battery-powered, described signal processing apparatus receives after remote signal, can remote signal be decoded, be processed, then control signal after treatment is passed to described single-chip microcomputer, described single-chip microcomputer can pass to control signal described solenoid operated clutches or fluid pressure drive device or power converter according to the type of control signal again;
When receiving after the control signal that described single-chip microcomputer sends, described solenoid operated clutches can or disconnect according to the instruction combination of control signal, described solenoid operated clutches in conjunction with time, the motion of described the 3rd axle will pass to described three-throw crankshaft, and then the mechanism's operation of ploughing of ploughing described in driving, when described solenoid operated clutches disconnects, the motion of described three-throw crankshaft will be cut off, described in the mechanism of ploughing stop operation;
When receiving after the control signal that described single-chip microcomputer sends, the magnetic valve of described fluid pressure drive device can be according to the instruction of control signal, control and drive the piston rod of described back axle hydraulic pressure cylinder assembly and described steering hydraulic cylinder component to do and stretch, contracting motion, by stretching described back axle hydraulic pressure cylinder assembly piston rod, the control of contracting motion, can realize the control that described gear lever is rotated, and then the control of realization to described rear axle assy internal gear engagement, by stretching described steering hydraulic cylinder component piston rod, the control of contracting motion, can realize the control that described trapezoidal linkage is swung, and then the control of realization to two described deflecting roller deflection angles.
When receiving after the control signal that described single-chip microcomputer sends, described power converter can regulate the energy flow between described battery pack and described electromotor according to control signal, realize the control to described electromotor operating power, remote control electric machine of ploughing in this greenhouse can normally be worked under different operating modes.In the course of work, in the time of described battery pack generation overdischarge, described single-chip microcomputer can cut off drive circuit automatically, stops power supply, and makes described battery pack avoid the infringement bringing because of overdischarge.
A kind of greenhouse electric remote control that the utility model provides machine of ploughing, by fuselage, electromotor, gearbox, running gear, transmission mechanism, solenoid operated clutches, the mechanism of ploughing, transfer, control device forms, described electromotor and described gearbox are fixedly mounted on the upper back of described fuselage, described running gear is fixedly mounted on the back lower place of described fuselage, described transmission mechanism is fixedly mounted on the right flank of described fuselage, described transfer is fixedly mounted on the front lower place of described fuselage, described control device is fixedly mounted on above the middle part of described fuselage, the described mechanism's hinge of ploughing is arranged on below described fuselage, described electromotor and described gearbox are in transmission connection, described gearbox is in transmission connection with described running gear and described solenoid operated clutches respectively by described transmission mechanism, the described mechanism of ploughing is in transmission connection by described solenoid operated clutches and described transmission mechanism, described electromotor, solenoid operated clutches is connected with described control device circuit respectively, described running gear, transfer is connected with described control device hydraulic control respectively, and this greenhouse imitates the action of the operation of manually ploughing with the remote control electric machine of ploughing, and the degree of depth of ploughing is adjustable, operating load is steady, noise is little, pollution-free, good perfection, volume is little, and Automatic Control can meet the agriculture requirement that in Different Crop greenhouse, soil is ploughed deeply, and has stronger application value.
Brief description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is the plough front view of machine of a kind of greenhouse of the utility model remote control electric;
Fig. 2 is the plough vertical view of machine of a kind of greenhouse of the utility model remote control electric;
Fig. 3 is a kind of greenhouse of the utility model remote control electric schematic diagram of mechanism of ploughing in machine of ploughing;
Fig. 4 is the utility model a kind of greenhouse electric remote control schematic diagram of shovel of ploughing in machine of ploughing;
In figure: 1, fuselage; 101, transmission bracing frame; 102, cabinet; 103, frame; 104, guide-track groove; 2, electromotor; 3, gearbox; 301, power shaft; 302, output shaft; 4, running gear; 401, driving wheel; 402, rear axle assy; 403, gear lever; 404, back axle hydraulic pressure cylinder assembly; 405, rear bridge bracket; 5, transmission mechanism; 501, the first axle; 502, driving pulley; 503, intermediate transmission band; 504, middle driven pulley; 505, drive sprocket; 506, the second axle; 507, driving chain; 508, driven sprocket; 509, the 3rd axle; 510, back axle driving-belt; 511, back axle driven pulley; 6, solenoid operated clutches; 7, the mechanism of ploughing; 701, the shovel of ploughing; 702, connecting rod; 703, three-throw crankshaft; 704, cylinder slide block; 8, transfer; 801, deflecting roller; 802, deflecting wheel support bracket; 803, trapezoidal linkage; 804, steering hydraulic cylinder component; 9, control device; 901, switch machine; 902, signal processing apparatus; 903, power converter; 904, fluid pressure drive device; 905, single-chip microcomputer; 906, hydraulic oil container; 907, battery pack;
Embodiment
In order to make the purpose of this utility model, technical scheme and advantage clearer, below in conjunction with drawings and Examples, the utility model is further described.Should be appreciated that instantiation described herein is only in order to explain the utility model, and be not used in restriction utility model.
The plough structure of machine of the greenhouse electric remote control that Fig. 1 and Fig. 2 show the utility model case study on implementation to be provided, for convenience of explanation, only shows the part relevant to the utility model.
This greenhouse comprises with the remote control electric machine of ploughing: fuselage 1, electromotor 2, gearbox 3, running gear 4, transmission mechanism 5, solenoid operated clutches 6, the mechanism 7 of ploughing, transfer 8, control device 9;
Electromotor 2 and speed change are fixedly mounted on the upper back of fuselage 1 for 3 casees, running gear 4 is fixedly mounted on the back lower place of fuselage 1, transmission mechanism 5 is fixedly mounted on the right flank of fuselage 1, transfer 8 is fixedly mounted on the front lower place of fuselage 1, control device 9 is fixedly mounted on above the middle part of fuselage 1, mechanism's 7 hinges of ploughing are arranged on below fuselage 1
Electromotor 2 is in transmission connection with gearbox 3, gearbox 3 is in transmission connection with described running gear 4, solenoid operated clutches 6 respectively by described transmission mechanism 5, the mechanism 7 of ploughing is in transmission connection by solenoid operated clutches 6 and transmission mechanism 5, electromotor 2, solenoid operated clutches 6 are connected with control device 9 circuit respectively, and running gear 4, transfer 8 are connected with control device 9 hydraulic controls respectively.
As shown in Figure 1, Figure 2, Figure 3 shows, in the utility model embodiment, fuselage 1 comprises: transmission bracing frame 101, cabinet 102, frame 103, guide-track groove 104;
Cabinet 102 is fixedly mounted on frame 103 tops, and transmission bracing frame 101 is fixedly mounted on the left side of cabinet 102 and frame 103, on four longerons of frame 103, is processed with respectively longitudinal rail groove 104.
As shown in Figures 3 and 4, in the utility model embodiment, the mechanism 7 of ploughing comprises: the shovel of ploughing (three) 701, connecting rod (three) 702, three-throw crankshaft 703, cylinder slide block (three) 704;
The left end trunnion of three-throw crankshaft 703 and right-hand member trunnion hinge are arranged on the front portion of frame 103, the right-hand member trunnion of three-throw crankshaft 703 is in transmission connection by solenoid operated clutches 6 and the 3rd axle 509 of transmission mechanism 5, the large end difference chain connection of each connecting rod 702 is on a crank throw axle journal of three-throw crankshaft 703, the middle part of each connecting rod 702 is fixedly connected with a cylinder slide block 704 respectively, each cylinder slide block 704 can slide respectively and rotate in corresponding guide-track groove 104, the small end of each connecting rod 702 is bolted respectively the shovel 701 of ploughing of fixed installation, the bolt connecting hole of ploughing on shovel 701 is slotted hole, by this slotted hole, can change the each installation site of shovel 701 at each connecting rod 702 small ends of digging, thereby the plough degree of depth of ploughing of machine of remote control electric for adjustable this greenhouse,
In the time that each connecting rod 702 moves under the driving of three-throw crankshaft 703, each cylinder slide block 704 reciprocatingly slides respectively and rotates in corresponding guide-track groove 104, the small end of each connecting rod 702 does linear reciprocating motion with each self-corresponding cylinder slide block 704 on one side, on one side around rotating with the axial line of each self-corresponding cylinder slide block 704, make the shovel 701 of ploughing that is fixedly mounted on each connecting rod 702 small ends carry out respectively the operation of ploughing separately, three-throw crankshaft 703 often revolves and goes around, each shovel 701 of ploughing completes respectively the work cycle of ploughing separately, shovel 701 motion of operation of ploughing but each is ploughed, revolve in the process of going around also asynchronous at three-throw crankshaft 703, but the operating cycle in space 1/3rd, make remote control electric plough operating load of machine in this greenhouse steady.
As shown in Figure 1 and Figure 2, in the utility model embodiment, running gear 4 comprises: driving wheel 401 (two), rear axle assy 402, gear lever 403, back axle hydraulic pressure cylinder assembly 404, rear bridge bracket 405 (two);
After two, bridge bracket 405 is fixedly mounted on respectively the left and right sides of described frame 103 back lower places, rear axle assy 402 is fixedly mounted on rear bridge bracket 405, two driving wheels 401 are fixedly mounted on respectively the left and right sides of the power take-off of rear axle assy 402, back axle hydraulic pressure cylinder assembly 404 is fixedly mounted on the top of rear axle assy 402, gear lever 403 is arranged on the rear portion of rear axle assy 402, gear lever 403 respectively with the piston rod chain connection of rear axle assy 402 and back axle hydraulic pressure cylinder assembly 404, stretching of piston rod by back axle hydraulic pressure cylinder assembly 404, contracting motion can be controlled the rotation of gear lever 403, can control the engagement of rear axle assy 402 internal gears by the rotation of gear lever 403, and then this greenhouse remote control electric machine of ploughing can be realized move ahead, retreat, speed change is walked and is stopped walking,
When the internal gear of rear axle assy 402 is in the time moving ahead engagement, the power take-off of rear axle assy 402 drives driving wheel 401 to turn clockwise, this greenhouse moves ahead with the remote control electric machine of ploughing, when the internal gear of rear axle assy 402 is respectively in the time retreating engagement, the power take-off of rear axle assy 402 drives driving wheel 401 to be rotated counterclockwise, this greenhouse retreats with the remote control electric machine of ploughing, when the internal gear of rear axle assy 402 is respectively in the time stopping the engagement of walking, the motion of the power take-off of rear axle assy 402 is cut off, this greenhouse stops walking with the remote control electric machine of ploughing, in the time of engagement in target velocity gear of the internal gear of rear axle assy 402, the power take-off of rear axle assy 402 drives driving wheel 401 to rotate, walk under target velocity gear with the remote control electric machine of ploughing in this greenhouse,
For the sake of security, can also manually pull gear lever 403 and control the gear engagement states of rear axle assy 402 inside, in order to avoid cause danger under remote signal upset condition.
As shown in Figure 1 and Figure 2, in the utility model embodiment, transmission mechanism 5 comprises: the first axle 501, driving pulley 502, intermediate transmission band 503, middle driven pulley 504, drive sprocket 505, the second axle 506, driving chain 507, driven sprocket 508, the 3rd axle 509, back axle driving-belt 510, back axle driven pulley 511;
The first axle 501 hinges are arranged on transmission bracing frame 101 tops, driving pulley 502 is fixedly mounted on the first axle 501, the second axle 506 hinges are arranged on the middle part of transmission bracing frame 101, middle driven pulley 504 and drive sprocket 505 are fixedly mounted on respectively on the second axle 506, driven sprocket 508 is fixedly mounted on the 3rd axle 509, and back axle driven pulley 511 is fixedly mounted on the power input shaft of rear axle assy 402;
The output shaft of the left end of the first axle 501 and gearbox 3 is in transmission connection, the first axle 501 is in transmission connection by driving pulley 502, intermediate transmission band 503, middle driven pulley 504 and the second axle 506 on the one hand, be in transmission connection with back axle driven pulley 511 by driving pulley 502, back axle driving-belt 510 again on the other hand, the second axle 506 is in transmission connection by drive sprocket 505, driving chain 507, driven sprocket 508 and the 3rd axle 509, and the 3rd axle 509 is in transmission connection by solenoid operated clutches 6 and the right-hand member trunnion of three-throw crankshaft 703;
In the time that gearbox 3 passes motion to the first axle 501, the first axle 501 is on the one hand by driving pulley 502, back axle driving-belt 510 and back axle driven pulley 511 pass motion to the power input shaft of rear axle assy 402, drive the power input shaft rotation of rear axle assy 402, on the other hand again by driving pulley 502, intermediate transmission band 503, middle driven pulley 504, the second axle 506, drive sprocket 505, driving chain 507 and driven sprocket 508 pass motion to the 3rd axle 509, the 3rd axle 509 can pass motion to three-throw crankshaft 703 by solenoid operated clutches 6, three-throw crankshaft 703 is rotated.
As shown in Figure 1 and Figure 2, in the utility model embodiment, transfer 8 comprises: deflecting roller 801 (two), deflecting wheel support bracket 802 (two), trapezoidal linkage 803, steering hydraulic cylinder component 804;
Two deflecting wheel support brackets 802 are fixedly mounted on the both sides of the front bottom of frame 103, two deflecting rollers 801 respectively hinge are arranged on two deflecting wheel support brackets 802, steering hydraulic cylinder component 804 is fixedly mounted on the front portion of fuselage 1, trapezoidal linkage 803 on the one hand with the piston rod chain connection of steering hydraulic cylinder component 804, on the other hand with deflecting roller 801 chain connections;
When the piston rod of steering hydraulic cylinder component 804 does when motion of stretching, contract, can drive trapezoidal linkage 803 to swing within the scope of certain angle, and then drive two deflecting rollers 801 respectively around two deflecting wheel support brackets 802 certain angle of deflection to the left or to the right simultaneously, thereby realize this greenhouse remote control electric turning to of machine of ploughing.
As shown in Figure 2, in the utility model embodiment, control device 9 comprises: switch machine 901, signal processing apparatus 902, power converter 903, fluid pressure drive device 904, single-chip microcomputer 905, hydraulic oil container 906, battery pack 907;
Switch machine 901 is connected with battery pack 907 circuit, battery pack 907 respectively with electromotor 2, solenoid operated clutches 6, signal processing apparatus 902, power converter 903, single-chip microcomputer 905 connects by circuit, signal processing apparatus 902 links with single-chip microcomputer 905 circuit, single-chip microcomputer 905 respectively with solenoid operated clutches 6, power converter 903, fluid pressure drive device 904 circuit connect, power converter 903 is connected with electromotor 2 circuit, fluid pressure drive device 904 respectively with back axle hydraulic pressure cylinder assembly 404, steering hydraulic cylinder component 804, hydraulic oil container 906 hydraulic controls connect,
In the time that switch machine 901 is closed, battery pack 907 is powered, signal processing apparatus 902 receives after remote signal, can remote signal be decoded, be processed, then control signal after treatment is passed to single-chip microcomputer 905, single-chip microcomputer 905 can pass to control signal respectively solenoid operated clutches 6, fluid pressure drive device 904 and power converter 903 according to the type of control signal again;
When receiving after the control signal that single-chip microcomputer 905 sends, solenoid operated clutches 6 can be realized closed or disconnect according to the instruction of control signal, when solenoid operated clutches 6 is closed, the motion of the 3rd axle 509 will pass to three-throw crankshaft 703, and then drive mechanism 7 operation of ploughing of ploughing, when solenoid operated clutches 6 disconnects, the motion of three-throw crankshaft 703 is cut off, and the mechanism 7 of ploughing stops operation;
When receiving after the control signal that single-chip microcomputer 905 sends, the magnetic valve of fluid pressure drive device 904 can be according to the instruction of control signal, controlling and drive the piston rod of back axle hydraulic pressure cylinder assembly 404 and steering hydraulic cylinder component 804 to do stretches, contracting motion, by stretching back axle hydraulic pressure cylinder assembly 404 piston rods, the control of contracting motion, can realize the control that gear lever 403 is rotated, and then the control of realization to rear axle assy 402 internal gear engagements, by stretching steering hydraulic cylinder component 804 piston rods, the control of contracting motion, can realize the control that trapezoidal linkage 803 is swung, and then the control of realization to two deflecting roller 801 deflection angles.
When receiving after the control signal that single-chip microcomputer 905 sends, power converter 903 can be according to the energy flow between control signal regulating cell group 907 and electromotor 2, realize the control to electromotor 2 operating powers, this remote control electric machine of ploughing can normally be worked under different operating modes, in the course of work, in the time that overdischarge occurs battery pack 907, single-chip microcomputer 905 can cut off drive circuit immediately, stop power supply, make battery pack 907 avoid the infringement bringing because of overdischarge.
Below in conjunction with drawings and the specific embodiments, application principle of the present utility model is further described.
As Fig. 1, Fig. 2, shown in Fig. 3 and Fig. 4, this greenhouse comprises with the electric remote control machine of ploughing: fuselage 1, electromotor 2, gearbox 3, running gear 4, transmission mechanism 5, solenoid operated clutches 6, the mechanism 7 of ploughing, transfer 8 and control device 9, electromotor 2 and speed change are fixedly mounted on the upper back of fuselage 1 for 3 casees, running gear 4 is fixedly mounted on the back lower place of fuselage 1, transmission mechanism 5 is fixedly mounted on the right flank of fuselage 1, transfer 8 is fixedly mounted on the front lower place of fuselage 1, control device 9 is fixedly mounted on above the middle part of fuselage 1, mechanism's 7 hinges of ploughing are arranged on below fuselage 1, electromotor 2 is in transmission connection with the power shaft of gearbox 2, the first axle 501 of the output shaft of gearbox 3 and transmission mechanism 5 is in transmission connection, and the motion of the first axle 501 of transmission mechanism 5 is on the one hand by the driving pulley 502 of transmission mechanism 5, intermediate transmission band 503, middle driven pulley 504, the second axle 506, drive sprocket 505, driving chain 507, driven sprocket 508, the 3rd axle 509 and solenoid operated clutches 6 pass to the three-throw crankshaft 703 of the mechanism 7 of ploughing, and drive the mechanism 7 of ploughing to carry out operation, on the other hand again by the driving pulley 502 of transmission mechanism 5, back axle driving-belt 510, back axle driven pulley 511, pass motion to the rear axle assy 402 of running gear 4, the driving wheel 401 of running gear 4 is rotated, realizes the plough walking of machine of this greenhouse remote control electric, the single-chip microcomputer 905 of control device 9 respectively with the power converter 903 of control device 9, fluid pressure drive device 904 and solenoid operated clutches 6 circuit connect, and power converter 903 is connected with electromotor 2 circuit, fluid pressure drive device 904 respectively with hydraulic oil container 906, the back axle hydraulic pressure cylinder assembly 404 of running gear 4 and transfer 8 steering hydraulic cylinder component 804 hydraulic controls connect.
When startup, press switch machine 901, switch machine 901 closures, battery pack 907 is powered, electromotor 2 starts, send to signal processing apparatus 902 remote signal that moves ahead or retreat by remote controller, signal processing apparatus 902 receives after the remote signal moving ahead or retreat, the remote signal moving ahead or retreat is decoded, process, then the control signal moving ahead or retreat after treatment is passed to single-chip microcomputer 905, single-chip microcomputer 905 sends instruction and makes the solenoid control of fluid pressure drive device 904 and drive the piston rod of back axle hydraulic pressure cylinder assembly 404 to do to stretch, contracting motion, and then the engagement of the internal gear that makes rear axle assy 402 by the rotation of gear lever 403 in moving ahead or retreating, move through gearbox 3 when electromotor 2, when transmission mechanism 5 is delivered to the rear axle assy 402 of running gear 4, if the internal gear of rear axle assy 402 is in the engagement that moves ahead, driving wheel 401 clockwise rotates, this greenhouse moves ahead with the remote control electric machine of ploughing, if the internal gear of rear axle assy 402 is in retreating engagement, 401 of driving wheels rotate counterclockwise, this greenhouse retreats with the remote control electric machine of ploughing,
Move ahead with the remote control electric machine of ploughing in this greenhouse or retreat in the process of walking, when need to stopping walking or changing the speed of travel, send to signal processing apparatus 902 remote signal that stops walking or target velocity gear by remote controller, signal processing apparatus 902 receives after the remote signal that stops walking or target velocity gear, the remote signal that stops walking or target velocity gear is decoded, process, then the control signal that stops walking or target velocity gear after treatment is passed to single-chip microcomputer 905, single-chip microcomputer 905 sends instruction and makes the solenoid control of fluid pressure drive device 904 and drive the piston rod of back axle hydraulic pressure cylinder assembly 404 to do to stretch, contracting motion, and then drive gear lever 403 to rotate, make the internal gear of rear axle assy 402 in stopping the engagement of walking or target velocity gear, move through gearbox 3 when electromotor 2, when transmission mechanism 5 is delivered to the rear axle assy 402 of running gear 4, if the internal gear of rear axle assy 402 is in stopping the engagement of walking, the motion of the output shaft of rear axle assy 402 is cut off, this greenhouse stops walking with the remote control electric machine of ploughing, if the engagement of the internal gear of rear axle assy 402 in target velocity gear, this greenhouse just moves ahead with target velocity or retreats with the remote control electric machine of ploughing,
For the sake of security, can also manually pull gear lever 403 and control the gear engagement states of rear axle assy 402 inside, in order to avoid cause danger under remote signal upset condition.
In the walking process moving ahead with the remote control electric machine of ploughing in this greenhouse or retreat, need to turn to time, send to signal processing apparatus 902 remote signal turning to by remote controller, signal processing apparatus 902 receives after the remote signal turning to, the remote signal turning to is decoded, process, then steering controling signal after treatment is passed to single-chip microcomputer 905, single-chip microcomputer 905 sends piston rod that instruction makes the solenoid-driven of fluid pressure drive device 904 and control steering hydraulic cylinder component 804 and does and stretch, contracting motion, drive trapezoidal linkage 803 to swing within the scope of certain angle, 801 of two deflecting rollers are respectively around two deflecting wheel support brackets 802 deflection certain angle to the left or to the right simultaneously, thereby realize this greenhouse remote control electric turning to of machine of ploughing.
When this greenhouse is forwarded to job site with the remote control electric machine of ploughing, while ploughing operation, sent the remote signal of the operation of ploughing to signal processing apparatus 902 by remote controller, signal processing apparatus 902 receives after the remote signal of the operation of ploughing, remote signal to the operation of ploughing is decoded, process, then the control signal of the operation of ploughing after treatment is passed to single-chip microcomputer 905, single-chip microcomputer 905 sends instruction and makes solenoid operated clutches 6 closures, the motion of electromotor 2 just passes to the three-throw crankshaft 703 of the mechanism 7 of ploughing by the 3rd axle 509 of transmission mechanism 5, the each connecting rod 702 of mechanism 7 of ploughing moves under the driving of three-throw crankshaft 703, each cylinder slide block 704 reciprocatingly slides respectively and rotates in corresponding guide-track groove 105, the small end of each connecting rod 702 does linear reciprocating motion with each self-corresponding cylinder slide block 704 on one side, on one side around rotating with the axial line of each self-corresponding cylinder slide block 704, be fixedly mounted on 701 operations of ploughing of carrying out respectively separately of shovel of ploughing of each connecting rod 702 small ends, three-throw crankshaft 703 often revolves and goes around, each shovel 701 of ploughing completes respectively the work cycle of ploughing separately,
In the time will stopping ploughing operation, sent the remote signal of the operation that stops ploughing to signal processing apparatus 902 by remote controller, signal processing apparatus 902 receives after the remote signal of the operation that stops ploughing, remote signal to the operation that stops ploughing is decoded, is processed, then the control signal of the operation that stops ploughing after treatment is passed to single-chip microcomputer 905, single-chip microcomputer 905 sends instruction disconnects solenoid operated clutches 6, and the motion of three-throw crankshaft 703 is transmitted and cut off, and the operation of ploughing of the mechanism 7 of ploughing stops.
Plough with remote control electric in the machine course of work in this greenhouse, while needing to adjust the operating power of electromotor, the remote signal of being adjusted to signal processing apparatus 902 transmitted powers by remote controller, signal processing apparatus 902 receives after the remote signal of power adjustment, remote signal to power adjustment is decoded, process, then power after treatment is adjusted to control signal and pass to single-chip microcomputer 905, single-chip microcomputer 905 sends instruction makes power converter 903 adjust the energy flow between control signal regulating cell group 907 and electromotor 2 according to power, realize the control to electromotor 2 operating powers, remote control electric machine of ploughing in this greenhouse can normally be worked under different operating modes, in the course of work, while there is overdischarge in battery pack 907, single-chip microcomputer 905 can cut off drive circuit automatically, battery pack 907 is stopped power supply, the infringement that makes battery pack 907 avoid overdischarge to bring.
A kind of greenhouse electric remote control that the utility model provides machine of ploughing, by fuselage 1, electromotor 2, gearbox 3, running gear 4, transmission mechanism 5, solenoid operated clutches 6, the mechanism 7 of ploughing, transfer 8, control device 9 forms, described electromotor 2 and described gearbox 3 are fixedly mounted on the upper back of described fuselage 1, solid 4 Dingan County of described running gear are contained in the back lower place of described fuselage 1, described transmission mechanism 5 is fixedly mounted on the right flank of described fuselage 1, described transfer 8 is fixedly mounted on the front lower place of described fuselage 1, described control device 9 is fixedly mounted on above the middle part of described fuselage 1, described mechanism's 7 hinges of ploughing are arranged on below described fuselage 1, described electromotor 2 is in transmission connection with described gearbox 3, described gearbox 3 is in transmission connection with described running gear 4 and described solenoid operated clutches 6 respectively by described transmission mechanism 5, the described mechanism 7 of ploughing is in transmission connection with described transmission mechanism 5 by described solenoid operated clutches 6, described electromotor 2, solenoid operated clutches 6 is connected with described control device 9 circuit respectively, described running gear 4, transfer 8 is connected with described control device 9 hydraulic controls respectively, and this greenhouse imitates the action of the operation of manually ploughing with the remote control electric machine of ploughing, and the degree of depth of ploughing is adjustable, operating load is steady, noise is little, pollution-free, volume is little, straighforward operation, good perfection, can meet the agriculture requirement that in Different Crop greenhouse, soil is ploughed deeply, and has stronger application value.
Technical scope of the present utility model is not limited to the content on specification, all amendments of doing within spirit of the present utility model and principle, is equal to and replaces and improvement etc., within all should being included in protection domain of the present utility model.

Claims (9)

1. the remote control electric machine of ploughing for greenhouse, is characterized in that, this remote control electric machine of ploughing comprises: fuselage, electromotor, gearbox, running gear, transmission mechanism, solenoid operated clutches, the mechanism of ploughing, transfer, control device;
Described electromotor and described gearbox are fixedly mounted on the upper back of described fuselage, described running gear is fixedly mounted on the back lower place of described fuselage, described transmission mechanism is fixedly mounted on the right flank of described fuselage, described transfer is fixedly mounted on the front lower place of described fuselage, described control device is fixedly mounted on above the middle part of described fuselage, described in the mechanism's hinge of ploughing be arranged on below described fuselage;
Described electromotor and described gearbox are in transmission connection, described gearbox is in transmission connection with described running gear, solenoid operated clutches respectively by described transmission mechanism, the described mechanism of ploughing is in transmission connection by described solenoid operated clutches and described transmission mechanism, described electromotor, solenoid operated clutches are connected with described control device circuit respectively, and described running gear, transfer are connected with described control device hydraulic control respectively.
2. the remote control electric machine of ploughing for greenhouse as claimed in claim 1, is characterized in that, described fuselage further comprises: frame, cabinet, transmission bracing frame, guide-track groove;
Described cabinet is fixedly mounted on described frame top, and described transmission bracing frame is fixedly mounted on the right side of described cabinet and described frame, on four longerons of described frame, is processed with respectively longitudinal described guide-track groove.
3. the remote control electric machine of ploughing for greenhouse as claimed in claim 1, is characterized in that, described in the mechanism of ploughing further comprise: three-throw crankshaft, three connecting rods, three shovels of ploughing, three cylinder slide blocks;
Described three-throw crankshaft is arranged on the frame front of described fuselage, the large end difference chain connection of each described connecting rod is on a crank throw axle journal of described three-throw crankshaft, the middle part of each described connecting rod is fixedly connected with a described cylinder slide block respectively, each described cylinder slide block can be respectively slides and rotates in the guide-track groove of the described fuselage of correspondence, and the small end of each described connecting rod is bolted to connection respectively the shovel of ploughing described in installing;
In the time moving under the driving of each described connecting rod at described three-throw crankshaft, each described cylinder slide block reciprocatingly slides and rotates respectively in the guide-track groove of the described fuselage of correspondence, the small end of each described connecting rod does linear reciprocating motion with each self-corresponding described cylinder slide block on one side, on one side around rotating with the axial line of each self-corresponding described cylinder slide block, make to be fixedly mounted on each described connecting rod small end described in the shovel of ploughing carry out respectively the operation of ploughing separately.
4. the remote control electric machine of ploughing for greenhouse as claimed in claim 3, it is characterized in that, often revolve in the process of going around at described three-throw crankshaft, the shovel of ploughing described in each completes respectively the work cycle of ploughing separately, the motion of operation the asynchronous but shovel of ploughing described in each is ploughed, but the operating cycle in space 1/3rd.
5. the remote control electric machine of ploughing for greenhouse as claimed in claim 3, is characterized in that, the shank of the shovel of ploughing described in each, has a slotted hole along short transverse, can change by slotted hole the installation site of shovel at the small end of each described connecting rod of ploughing described in each.
6. the remote control electric machine of ploughing for greenhouse as claimed in claim 1, is characterized in that, described running gear further comprises: bridge bracket after two, rear axle assy, two driving wheels, gear lever, back axle hydraulic pressure cylinder assembly;
Two described rear bridge brackets are fixedly mounted on respectively the left and right sides, the back lower place of the frame of described fuselage, described rear axle assy is fixedly mounted on described rear bridge bracket, two described driving wheels are fixedly mounted on respectively the left and right sides of the power take-off of described rear axle assy, described back axle hydraulic pressure cylinder assembly is fixedly mounted on the top of described rear axle assy, described gear lever is arranged on the rear portion of described rear axle assy, described gear lever respectively with the piston rod chain connection of described rear axle assy and described back axle hydraulic pressure cylinder assembly, stretching of piston rod by described back axle hydraulic pressure cylinder assembly, contracting motion can be controlled the rotation of described gear lever, can control the engagement of described rear axle assy internal gear by the rotation of described gear lever, and then this greenhouse remote control electric machine of ploughing can be realized move ahead, retreat, speed change is walked and is stopped walking.
7. the remote control electric machine of ploughing for greenhouse as claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that, described transmission mechanism further comprises: the first axle, driving pulley, intermediate transmission band, middle driven pulley, drive sprocket, the second axle, driving chain, driven sprocket, the 3rd axle, back axle driving-belt, back axle driven pulley;
Described the first pivot hinge is arranged on the upper back of the transmission bracing frame of described fuselage, described driving pulley is fixedly mounted on described the first axle, described the second pivot hinge is arranged on the middle part of the transmission bracing frame of described fuselage, in the middle of described, driven pulley and described drive sprocket are fixedly mounted on respectively on described the second axle, described triaxial hinge is arranged on the front bottom of the transmission bracing frame of described fuselage, described driven sprocket is fixedly mounted on described the 3rd axle, and described back axle driven pulley is fixedly mounted on the power input shaft of rear axle assy of described running gear.
8. the remote control electric machine of ploughing for greenhouse as claimed in claim 1, is characterized in that, described transfer further comprises: two deflecting wheel support brackets, two deflecting rollers, trapezoidal linkage, steering hydraulic cylinder component;
Two described deflecting wheel support brackets are fixedly mounted on respectively the both sides of the front bottom of frame of described fuselage, two described deflecting rollers respectively hinge are arranged on two described deflecting wheel support brackets, described steering hydraulic cylinder component is fixedly mounted on the front portion of described fuselage, described trapezoidal linkage on the one hand with the piston rod chain connection of described steering hydraulic cylinder component, on the other hand with two described deflecting roller chain connections.
9. the remote control electric machine of ploughing for greenhouse as claimed in claim 1, is characterized in that, described control device further comprises: switch machine, battery pack, signal processing apparatus, power converter, single-chip microcomputer, fluid pressure drive device, hydraulic oil container;
Described switch machine is connected with described battery circuit, described battery pack respectively with described electromotor, solenoid operated clutches, signal processing apparatus, power converter, single-chip microcomputer connects by circuit, described signal processing apparatus links with described single chip circuit, described single-chip microcomputer respectively with described solenoid operated clutches, power converter, fluid pressure drive device circuit connects, described power converter is connected with described motor circuit, described fluid pressure drive device respectively with the back axle hydraulic pressure cylinder assembly of described running gear, transfer steering hydraulic cylinder component, hydraulic oil container hydraulic control connects.
CN201320895289.9U 2013-12-25 2013-12-25 Remote-control electric plowing machine in greenhouse Expired - Fee Related CN203691877U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201320895289.9U CN203691877U (en) 2013-12-25 2013-12-25 Remote-control electric plowing machine in greenhouse

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201320895289.9U CN203691877U (en) 2013-12-25 2013-12-25 Remote-control electric plowing machine in greenhouse

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN203691877U true CN203691877U (en) 2014-07-09

Family

ID=51042410

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201320895289.9U Expired - Fee Related CN203691877U (en) 2013-12-25 2013-12-25 Remote-control electric plowing machine in greenhouse

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN203691877U (en)

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103718678A (en) * 2013-12-25 2014-04-16 西北农林科技大学 Remote control electric plowing machine for greenhouse
CN105052269A (en) * 2015-07-20 2015-11-18 柳州龙辉科技有限公司 Soil-chiseling device for small piece of farmland

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103718678A (en) * 2013-12-25 2014-04-16 西北农林科技大学 Remote control electric plowing machine for greenhouse
CN103718678B (en) * 2013-12-25 2017-02-08 西北农林科技大学 Remote control electric plowing machine for greenhouse
CN105052269A (en) * 2015-07-20 2015-11-18 柳州龙辉科技有限公司 Soil-chiseling device for small piece of farmland

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
CN104904378A (en) Orchard remote control electric pit-digging fertilizer applicator
CN202679916U (en) Multifunctional agricultural management machine
CN102017831A (en) Minitype remote-control chain-type tractor
CN106376257A (en) Unmanned multifunctional intertillage field managing platform
CN204634325U (en) A kind of orchard remote control electric is digged pit fertilizer distributor
CN203691877U (en) Remote-control electric plowing machine in greenhouse
CN106134551B (en) One kind is multi-functional to plough deeply soil pouring machine
CN201800545U (en) Micro-remote control crawler tractor
CN110199673A (en) Combining equipment with rotary cultivator
CN103718678B (en) Remote control electric plowing machine for greenhouse
CN203261656U (en) Orchard rotary cultivator
CN202201074U (en) Greenhouse remotely controlled electric tractor
CN205794009U (en) Remotely control garden supervisor
CN203735018U (en) Agricultural unmanned tillage machine
CN203597030U (en) Orchard plowing machine
CN202354049U (en) Self-propelled cultivator-fertilizer
CN205726895U (en) Remote control cultivator
CN205207301U (en) Control system and track type tractor
CN208273498U (en) Crawler type cultivator
CN204123963U (en) A kind of power drive system of spiral subsoiling farming machine
CN204937290U (en) A kind of hydraulic pressure trac.
CN103797921B (en) The unmanned harvesting and tillage machine of agricultural
CN207219313U (en) Caterpillar band self-propelled rotary cultivator
CN104521408B (en) A kind of miniature Rhizomadioscoreae cropper being suitable to the little field in hills
CN102381373B (en) Greenhouse remote control electric tractor

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
C14 Grant of patent or utility model
GR01 Patent grant
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20140709

Termination date: 20161225

CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee