CN203492367U - Soil loosening and fertilizer applying mini-tiller - Google Patents

Soil loosening and fertilizer applying mini-tiller Download PDF

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Publication number
CN203492367U
CN203492367U CN201320605992.1U CN201320605992U CN203492367U CN 203492367 U CN203492367 U CN 203492367U CN 201320605992 U CN201320605992 U CN 201320605992U CN 203492367 U CN203492367 U CN 203492367U
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China
Prior art keywords
fertilizer
gear
roller
mini
soil loosening
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Withdrawn - After Issue
Application number
CN201320605992.1U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
林金龙
刘木华
许静
徐雪红
胡涛
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Jiangxi Agricultural University
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Jiangxi Agricultural University
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Priority to CN201320605992.1U priority Critical patent/CN203492367U/en
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Abstract

The utility model relates to the technical field of agricultural machinery and in particular relates to a soil loosening and fertilizer applying mini-tiller. The soil loosening and fertilizer applying mini-tiller is a small garden machine, is especially suitable for orchards and tea gardens with low trees and integrates field operations of efficient soil loosening and fertilizer application. The soil loosening and fertilizer applying mini-tiller comprises a rack with travelling wheels, wherein a soil loosening device and a fertilizer applying device are arranged on the rack; the soil loosening device is arranged in the front of the rack and the fertilizer applying device is arranged at the rear of the rack; the soil loosening device comprises a rotary blade group; a gasoline engine installed on the rack is connected with a worm of a worm reducer by a centrifugal clutch; the rotary blade group is installed on a warm gear shaft of the worm reducer; the fertilizer applying device comprises a fertilizer can and a fertilizer roller; the fertilizer roller is indirectly driven by the travelling wheels of the rack. The mini-tiller has the advantages of small volume, high power, light weight and the like, applies fertilizers uniformly, is convenient for implementing field operations of efficient soil loosening and fertilizer application in gardens such as orchards, tea gardens and the like and can implement efficient single soil loosening or fertilizer application as required.

Description

Fertilising mini-size tillage machine loosens the soil
Technical field
The utility model relates to agricultural machinery technological field, specifically, relates to a kind of fertilising mini-size tillage machine that loosens the soil, and is a kind of small-sized graden machine, is particularly useful for orchard that tree type is short, tea place is used, and integrated efficiently loosens the soil, fertilizing integrated farm work.
Background technology
For the economy crop that tree type is short, planting density is high such as orchard, tea place, during the farm works such as loosen the soil in gardens, fertilising, because this type of Chinese garden planting density is higher, tree type is short, and the mini-size tillage machine of prior art cannot enter operation area and carry out farm work.Traditional work mode remains and relies on manpower to loosen the soil and apply fertilizer.Owing to loosening the soil and fertilising work all needs to bend over to carry out, large for plantation family labour intensity, efficiency is low.
The utility model sets out based on defect of the prior art exactly, has designed a kind of fertilising mini-size tillage machine that loosens the soil, and adopts small-sized high-power gasoline engine, and power directly passes to rotary blade group through centrifugal clutch and by worm reducer, realizes and efficiently loosening the soil.The walking movement of passive walking wheel is implemented uniform of application through gear drive by fertilizer roller.
Utility model content
The purpose of this utility model is to overcome the deficiencies in the prior art, adapts to reality needs, and a kind of fertilising mini-size tillage machine that loosens the soil is provided.
In order to realize the purpose of this utility model, the technical solution adopted in the utility model is:
A kind of fertilising mini-size tillage machine that loosens the soil, comprise the frame with passive walking wheel, in described frame, be provided with the fertilizer apparatus that is positioned at its anterior loosening device and is positioned at its rear portion, described loosening device comprises rotary blade group, rack-mounted gasoline engine is connected with the worm screw of worm reducer by centrifugal clutch, and described rotary blade group is arranged on the worm-wheel shaft of worm reducer, described fertilizer apparatus comprises fertilizer can and fertilizer roller, described fertilizer roller is driven indirectly by the passive walking wheel of frame, described passive walking wheel is sleeved on live axle, one end of described live axle is set with road wheel axle sleeve, the other end of described road wheel axle sleeve and live axle is arranged in frame by bearing, live axle puts the driving gear being set with its static connection, described driving gear and transition gear engagement, transition gear and driven gear engagement, the gear shaft of described driven gear is installed in frame and is coaxial with fertilization axle, described fertilization axle is provided with fertilizer roller, described fertilizer roller is taken turns and is driven driving gear by passive walking, transition gear, driven gear, fertilization axle is realized indirectly and being driven, the fertilizer that described fertilizer roller rolls in drive fertilizer can is to discharging opening.
Also be provided with rocking bar, described rocking bar is the tie-rod of transition gear, the upper end of rocking bar is set in the gear shaft outside of described driven gear, the middle part of described rocking bar is set in the gear shaft outside of described transition gear and drives transition gear motion, the lower end of described rocking bar and one end of connecting rod are hinged, the other end and the clutch handle of connecting rod are hinged, described rocking bar, connecting rod, clutch handle, frame form crank and rocker mechanism, the clutch handle of leaving behind, connecting rod and clutch handle conllinear are locked, transition gear and driving gear engagement; Pull-up clutch handle, transition gear and driving gear depart from engagement.
The middle part of described fertilizer can is provided with a leak, and the inside of fertilizer can is stretched on the top of described fertilizer roller from described leak, and the middle part of described fertilizer can is provided with a lug boss.
The surface of described fertilizer roller is provided with fertilizer groove.
In described fertilizer can, be also provided with and stroke material plectrum, described in stroke material plectrum top be fixed on the tank wall of described fertilizer can, lower limb is positioned at the top of described fertilizer roller and parallel with the axis of fertilizer roller.
In described fertilizer can, be also provided with leak adjustment sheet, described leak adjustment sheet is flexure strip, and its outer end is fixedly connected with the bottom of described fertilizer can, and outer wall inner and fertilizer roller is fitted.
The beneficial effects of the utility model are:
1. the fertilising mini-size tillage machine that loosens the soil of the present utility model has the advantages such as volume is little, power is large, lightweight, and fertilising farm work is implemented efficiently to loosen the soil in the gardens such as being evenly convenient to orchard, tea place of applying fertilizer;
2. realistic executing efficiently loosened the soil separately or applies fertilizer operation as required.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Structural representation when Fig. 1 is the utility model fertilising;
Fig. 2 is the A-A broken section enlarged diagram of Fig. 1;
Fig. 3 is the structural representation of the utility model while stopping applying fertilizer;
Fig. 4 is the broken section structural representation of fertilizer can and fertilizer roller;
Fig. 5 be fertilizer roller analyse and observe structure for amplifying schematic diagram.
In figure, 1 is rotary blade group, and 2 is worm reducer, and 3 is frame, 4 is centrifugal clutch, and 5 is passive walking wheel, and 6 is gasoline engine, and 7 is fertilizer can, 8 is road wheel axle sleeve, and 9 is live axle, and 10 is rocking bar, and 11 is driven gear, 12 is transition gear, and 13 is driving gear, and 14 is fertilizer roller, and 15 is fertilization axle, 16 is discharging opening, and 17 for stroking material plectrum, and 18 is leak adjustment sheet, and 19 is connecting rod, 20 is clutch handle, and 21 is lug boss, and 22 is fertilizer groove, and 23 is fertilizer.
Embodiment
Below in conjunction with drawings and Examples, the utility model is further illustrated:
Embodiment: referring to Fig. 1-5.
A kind of fertilising mini-size tillage machine that loosens the soil, comprise the frame 3 with passive walking wheel 5, in described frame 3, be provided with the fertilizer apparatus that is positioned at its anterior loosening device and is positioned at its rear portion, described loosening device comprises rotary blade group 1, the gasoline engine 6 being arranged in frame 3 is connected with the worm screw of worm reducer 2 by centrifugal clutch 4, and described rotary blade group 1 is arranged on the worm-wheel shaft of worm reducer 2, described fertilizer apparatus comprises fertilizer can 7 and fertilizer roller 14, described fertilizer roller 14 is driven indirectly by the passive walking wheel 5 of frame 3, described passive walking wheel 5 is sleeved on live axle 9, one end of described live axle 9 is set with road wheel axle sleeve 8, the other end of described road wheel axle sleeve 8 and live axle 9 is arranged in frame 3 by bearing, on road wheel axle sleeve 8, be set with the driving gear 13 with its static connection, described driving gear 13 and transition gear 12 engagements, transition gear 12 and driven gear 11 engagements, the gear shaft of described driven gear 11 is installed in frame 3 and is coaxial with fertilization axle 15, described fertilization axle 15 is provided with fertilizer roller 14, described fertilizer roller 14 is taken turns 5 by passive walking and is driven driving gear 13, transition gear 12, driven gear 11, fertilization axle 15 is realized indirectly and being driven, the fertilizer 23 that described fertilizer roller 14 rolls in drive fertilizer can 7 is to discharging opening 16.Passive walking wheel 5 is by rotary blade group 1, to do rotary cutting motion to drive mini-size tillage machine to move ahead, and take turns to land, does passive rolling.
Also be provided with rocking bar 10, described rocking bar 10 is the tie-rod of transition gear 12, the upper end of rocking bar 10 is set in the gear shaft outside of described driven gear 11, the middle part of described rocking bar 10 is set in the gear shaft outside of described transition gear 12 and drives transition gear 12 motions, one end of the lower end of described rocking bar 10 and connecting rod 19 is hinged, the other end of connecting rod 19 and clutch handle 20 are hinged, described rocking bar 10, connecting rod 19, clutch handle 20, frame 3 forms crank and rocker mechanism, the clutch handle 20 of leaving behind, connecting rod 19 and clutch handle 20 conllinear are locked, transition gear 12 and driving gear 13 engagements, pull-up clutch handle 20, transition gear 12 departs from engagement with driving gear 13.
The middle part of described fertilizer can 7 is provided with a leak, and the inside of fertilizer can 7 is stretched on the top of described fertilizer roller 14 from described leak, and the middle part of described fertilizer can 7 is provided with a lug boss 21.
The surface of described fertilizer roller 14 is provided with fertilizer groove 22.
In described fertilizer can 7, be also provided with and stroke material plectrum 17, described in stroke material plectrum top be fixed on the tank wall of described fertilizer can 7, lower limb is positioned at the top of described fertilizer roller 14 and parallel with the axis of fertilizer roller 14.
In described fertilizer can 7, be also provided with leak adjustment sheet 18, described leak adjustment sheet 18 is flexure strip, and its outer end is fixedly connected with the bottom of described fertilizer can, and outer wall inner and fertilizer roller 14 is fitted.
Operation principle of the present utility model is summarized as follows:
The utility model is a kind of fertilising mini-size tillage machine that loosens the soil, integrated soil-loosening function and fertilizing functions.
One, soil-loosening function realizes principle
As shown in Figure 1, the gasoline engine 6 being contained in frame 3 is connected with the worm screw of worm reducer 2 by centrifugal clutch 4, rotary blade group 1 is installed on the worm-wheel shaft of worm reducer 2, adopt small-sized high-power gasoline engine, power directly passes to and ploughs cutter group through centrifugal clutch and by worm reducer, realizes and efficiently loosening the soil.
Centrifugal clutch 4 consists of centrifugal-block and spring and driven friction disk, spring overcoming centrifugal-block centrifugal force when machine is idle, and centrifugal-block does not contact with driven friction disk, and transmission is separated.Machine rotational speed raises, and brake pad centrifugal force overcomes spring tension contact driven friction disk, drives driven shaft to rotate.
Rotary blade group 1 by left-handed dextrorotation each eight totally ten six cultivated cutter, be staggered installation of, the cultivated cutter group soil cutting power of assurance is balance vertically.
Two, fertilizing functions realizes principle
The realization of fertilizing functions, by passive walking, to take turns 5 to drive driving gear 13, transition gear 12, driven gear 11, fertilization axle 15, then drive the rotation of fertilizer roller 14 to realize in driving indirectly, fertilizer roller 14 rolls, fertilizer enters the fertilizer groove 22 of fertilizer roller 14 from top, then by fertilizer roller, taken to the discharging opening 16 of fertilizer can 7 belows, Fig. 2 well shows the principle that fertilizer roller 14 is driven indirectly.
Rocking bar 10 links together transition gear 12 and driven gear 11, makes these two gears become as a whole, and rocking bar 10, connecting rod 19, clutch handle 20, frame 3 form crank and rocker mechanism.State while Figure 1 shows that fertilising, the clutch handle 20 of now leaving behind, connecting rod 19 and clutch handle 20 conllinear are locked, and transition gear 12 and driving gear 13 engagements, at this moment can normally apply fertilizer, as long as passive walking wheel 5 rotates, fertilising just can be carried out; Figure 3 shows that the state while stopping applying fertilizer, pull-up clutch handle 20, transition gear 12 departs from engagement with driving gear 13, and at this moment, the rotation of passive walking wheel 5 no longer drives fertilizer roller 14 to roll, and fertilising stops.
As seen from Figure 4, the middle part of fertilizer can 7 is provided with a leak, the inside of fertilizer can 7 is stretched on the top of fertilizer roller 14 from described leak, the middle part of described fertilizer can 7 tank walls is provided with a lug boss 21, this lug boss 21 is in order to make up fertilizer roller 14, to stretch into the local space loss inside of fertilizer can 7 causing, prevent from causing fertilizer 23 to overflow due to the vibrations of mini-size tillage machine, the fertilizer 23 that fertilizer roller 14 rolls in drive fertilizer can 7 is to discharging opening 16.
In fertilizer can 7, be also provided with and stroke material plectrum 17 and leak adjustment sheet 18, stroke material plectrum in order to stroke fertilizer in flat fertilizer roller groove, leak adjustment sheet 18 is for regulating the size of fertilizer can leak.

Claims (6)

1. the fertilising mini-size tillage machine that loosens the soil, comprise the frame (3) with passive walking wheel (5), in described frame (3), be provided with the fertilizer apparatus that is positioned at its anterior loosening device and is positioned at its rear portion, it is characterized in that: described loosening device comprises rotary blade group (1), the gasoline engine (6) being arranged in frame (3) is connected with the worm screw of worm reducer (2) by centrifugal clutch (4), and described rotary blade group (1) is arranged on the worm-wheel shaft of worm reducer (2), described fertilizer apparatus comprises fertilizer can (7) and fertilizer roller (14), described fertilizer roller (14) is driven indirectly by the passive walking wheel (5) of frame (3), described passive walking wheel (5) is sleeved on live axle (9), one end of described live axle (9) is set with road wheel axle sleeve (8), the other end of described road wheel axle sleeve (8) and live axle (9) is arranged in frame (3) by bearing, on road wheel axle sleeve (8), be set with the driving gear (13) with its static connection, described driving gear (13) and transition gear (12) engagement, transition gear (12) and driven gear (11) engagement, it is upper and coaxial with fertilization axle (15) that the gear shaft of described driven gear (11) is installed on frame (3), described fertilization axle (15) is provided with fertilizer roller (14), described fertilizer roller (14) is taken turns (5) by passive walking and is driven driving gear (13), transition gear (12), driven gear (11), fertilization axle (15) is realized indirectly and being driven, the fertilizer (23) that described fertilizer roller (14) rolls in drive fertilizer can (7) is to discharging opening (16).
2. the fertilising mini-size tillage machine that loosens the soil according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: be also provided with rocking bar (10), described rocking bar (10) is the tie-rod of transition gear (12), the upper end of rocking bar (10) is set in the gear shaft outside of described driven gear (11), the middle part of described rocking bar (10) is set in the gear shaft outside of described transition gear (12) and drives transition gear (12) motion, one end of the lower end of described rocking bar (10) and connecting rod (19) is hinged, the other end of connecting rod (19) and clutch handle (20) are hinged, described rocking bar (10), connecting rod (19), clutch handle (20), frame (3) forms crank and rocker mechanism, the clutch handle (20) of leaving behind, connecting rod (19) and clutch handle (20) conllinear are locked, transition gear (12) and driving gear (13) engagement, pull-up clutch handle (20), transition gear (12) departs from engagement with driving gear (13).
3. the fertilising mini-size tillage machine that loosens the soil according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: the middle part of described fertilizer can (7) is provided with a leak, the inside of fertilizer can (7) is stretched on the top of described fertilizer roller (14) from described leak, the middle part of described fertilizer can (7) is provided with a lug boss (21).
4. the fertilising mini-size tillage machine that loosens the soil according to claim 3, is characterized in that: the surface of described fertilizer roller (14) is provided with fertilizer groove (22).
5. the fertilising mini-size tillage machine that loosens the soil according to claim 3, it is characterized in that: in described fertilizer can (7), be also provided with and stroked material plectrum (17), the tank wall of described fertilizer can (7) is fixed on described top of stroking material plectrum, and lower limb is positioned at the top of described fertilizer roller (14) and parallel with the axis of fertilizer roller (14).
6. the fertilising mini-size tillage machine that loosens the soil according to claim 3, it is characterized in that: in described fertilizer can (7), be also provided with leak adjustment sheet (18), described leak adjustment sheet (18) is flexure strip, its outer end is fixedly connected with the bottom of described fertilizer can, and outer wall inner and fertilizer roller (14) is fitted.
CN201320605992.1U 2013-09-29 2013-09-29 Soil loosening and fertilizer applying mini-tiller Withdrawn - After Issue CN203492367U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201320605992.1U CN203492367U (en) 2013-09-29 2013-09-29 Soil loosening and fertilizer applying mini-tiller

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201320605992.1U CN203492367U (en) 2013-09-29 2013-09-29 Soil loosening and fertilizer applying mini-tiller

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
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Country Status (1)

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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103460868A (en) * 2013-09-29 2013-12-25 江西农业大学 Mini-tiller capable of soil loosening and fertilizing
CN104521352A (en) * 2014-12-03 2015-04-22 湖南农业大学 Fertilizer spreading, soil grabbing and soil covering machine
CN106489316A (en) * 2016-11-21 2017-03-15 福建农林大学 Adjustable rotary tillage blade contour culture hillside fields tiller and using method

Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103460868A (en) * 2013-09-29 2013-12-25 江西农业大学 Mini-tiller capable of soil loosening and fertilizing
CN103460868B (en) * 2013-09-29 2016-01-06 江西农业大学 Loosen the soil fertilising mini-size tillage machine
CN104521352A (en) * 2014-12-03 2015-04-22 湖南农业大学 Fertilizer spreading, soil grabbing and soil covering machine
CN104521352B (en) * 2014-12-03 2016-03-02 湖南农业大学 A kind of broadcast application grabs native drag links
CN106489316A (en) * 2016-11-21 2017-03-15 福建农林大学 Adjustable rotary tillage blade contour culture hillside fields tiller and using method

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GR01 Patent grant
GR01 Patent grant
AV01 Patent right actively abandoned

Granted publication date: 20140326

Effective date of abandoning: 20160106

AV01 Patent right actively abandoned

Granted publication date: 20140326

Effective date of abandoning: 20160106

C25 Abandonment of patent right or utility model to avoid double patenting