CN204560266U - A kind of comb-like carrier telescopic dish soybean picking desk - Google Patents

A kind of comb-like carrier telescopic dish soybean picking desk Download PDF

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Publication number
CN204560266U
CN204560266U CN201520250356.0U CN201520250356U CN204560266U CN 204560266 U CN204560266 U CN 204560266U CN 201520250356 U CN201520250356 U CN 201520250356U CN 204560266 U CN204560266 U CN 204560266U
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China
Prior art keywords
cylinder
end cap
comb
base plate
fixed base
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Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CN201520250356.0U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
张红梅
范帅
张少
刘阳光
郭志宇
高毛毛
侯明涛
余永昌
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Henan Agricultural University
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Henan Agricultural University
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Priority to CN201520250356.0U priority Critical patent/CN204560266U/en
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Publication of CN204560266U publication Critical patent/CN204560266U/en
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

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Abstract

A kind of comb-like carrier telescopic dish soybean picking desk, belong to agricultural harvesting machinery field, comprise left end cap and the right end cap at cylinder and cylinder two ends, right end cap is connected with driving wheel, be provided with central shaft by the bearing be located in left end cap and right end cap in cylinder, central shaft is provided with cam; Cylinder surface is axially provided with spaced apart slotted eye, and drum inner surface radial direction is provided with the dead lever being positioned at slotted eye two ends; On dead lever, movable sleeve is provided with the working cell contacted with cam face, described working cell is comprised the fixed base plate that is slidably located on dead lever by two ends and is located at elasticity corresponding with slotted eye on fixed base plate plucks pod tooth, dead lever is arranged with the spring between drum inner surface and fixed base plate.It is consistent with the shape of cam that the utility model plucks pod tooth tip movement locus shape, plucks pod tooth and just gradually stretch out through cylinder minimum point, ensure that and can pick minimum beanpod, decrease the wearing and tearing and jam of plucking pod tooth ends.

Description

A kind of comb-like carrier telescopic dish soybean picking desk
Technical field
The utility model belongs to agricultural harvesting machinery field, is specifically related to a kind of comb-like carrier telescopic dish soybean picking desk.
Background technology
Fresh edible soybean is a kind of Soybean for special purpose, refers to contain the phase to adopting blue or green edible soybean between first ripe breeding time phase at drum grain.The economic benefit of Fresh edible soybean plantation is generally high than common soybeans 2 times, the every annual of China's Fresh edible soybean cultivated area is at about 150,000 hectares, be maximum Fresh edible soybean exported country, output accounts for 52% of world's total amount, and the domestic demand to dish soybean is also very large simultaneously.
Gathering of dish soybean, be generally manually direct on plant, win beanpod or hand harvest after pluck pod again, but expand gradually along with dish soybean planting scale, only rely on picked by hand, can not meet the demand of Fresh edible soybean industry, along with labour is in short supply, the rising of labour cost, in the urgent need to the Fresh edible soybean harvest machinery directly can gathered in field.And the critical component realizing Kidney bean mechanized harvest is picking desk reasonable in design.Existing green soy bean Zhai Jia mechanism can only, soil property soft smooth situation higher to beanpod growth site pluck, but then can not adapt to the beanpod harder situation of growth, soil property that mops floor, because when elastic claw is too low apart from ground, with ground serious wear, and gather rear section beanpod and residual leaf are stuck in elastic claw and are difficult to remove, recovery ratio is low.In addition, in order to solve the problem that can not drop to conveyer belt after beanpod is removed by traditional auger smoothly, the form adopting complex carries engagement is had in prior art, namely the teeth groove for plucking band engagement is evenly equipped with in the middle of elastic claw, but this kind of project organization complexity relates to coordinating of gear and triangular belt, triangular belt accuracy of manufacture high price is expensive, and rubber strip in severe farm environment easily aging or fatigue not easily repair.
Utility model content
The purpose of this utility model there are provided the comb-like carrier telescopic dish soybean picking desk that a kind of threshing performance is high, degree of injury is low.
Based on above-mentioned purpose, the utility model is by the following technical solutions: a kind of comb-like carrier telescopic dish soybean picking desk, comprise left end cap and the right end cap at cylinder and cylinder two ends, right end cap is connected with driving wheel, be provided with central shaft by the bearing be located in left end cap and right end cap in cylinder, central shaft is provided with cam; Cylinder surface is axially provided with spaced apart slotted eye, and drum inner surface radial direction is provided with the dead lever being positioned at slotted eye two ends; On dead lever, movable sleeve is provided with the working cell contacted with cam face, described working cell is comprised the fixed base plate that is slidably located on dead lever by two ends and is located at elasticity corresponding with slotted eye on fixed base plate plucks pod tooth, dead lever is arranged with the spring between drum inner surface and fixed base plate.
The bar portion that described elasticity plucks pod tooth is curved, end is provided with the arc elbow that cover has elastic, root and fixed base plate interference fit, be conducive to elasticity to pluck pod tooth and chose whole plant, and reduce the wearing and tearing of elasticity being plucked to pod tooth, adopt elasticity to pluck pod tooth and alleviate the mechanical damage of beanpod in recovery process.
Described working cell has eight groups, eight groups of working cells are distributed in cylinder, working cell is stretched out cylinder and is carried out harvesting work under the effect of spring and cam, and multiple working cell is carried out multipass to a plant successively and to be gathered process simultaneously, improves recovery ratio and pick up rate.
Described spring one end is fixed on drum inner surface, and one end is fixed on fixed base plate, is fixedly installed by spring, Elastic Teeth can be made to pass in and out cylinder more stable.
Described spring intermediate portion is thinner than two end portions, and to compare the length when compressing completely shorter with the common spring of the equal number of turns of equal height, takies volume less.
The abutted surface of described fixed base plate and cam is arc, can reduce the wearing and tearing between fixed base plate and cam.
Described right end cap lateral surface is provided with protruding pipe, and central shaft activity is located in protruding pipe.
In addition, cam is fan-shaped, cam there are two turning points, the turning point of below is starting point, its position ensure that the beanpod of soybean plant strain bottom can be plucked in end that when cylinder encounters this extreme position of plant elasticity plucks pod tooth, and elasticity is plucked pod tooth ends and can not be contacted ground and cause damage when working cell arrives cylinder bottom position; The turning point of top is end point, its position ensure that when elasticity pluck pod tooth gradually retraction cylinder time, the peak of cylinder crossed by beanpod, with elasticity pluck to drop to rear side while pod tooth is separated conveyer belt on.
Compared with prior art, the utility model has the following advantages:
(1) to pluck pod tooth tip movement locus shape consistent with the shape of cam for elasticity, elasticity is plucked pod tooth and is just gradually stretched out through cylinder minimum point, both ensure that the beanpod picking lowest part, and additionally reduced elasticity simultaneously and pluck pod tooth ends and overhead cross near and the wearing and tearing that cause and jam, long service life.
(2) elasticity be applicable to when plucking pod plucks the hypogenetic modest beanpod of pod backlash energy filter part, improves assorted clearly efficiency and plucks quality.
(3) fixed base plate has certain width, adds the working range that elasticity plucks pod tooth, and making does not become possibility to capable Fresh edible soybean of gathering.
(4) the comb-like carrier telescopic dish soybean picking desk that provides of the utility model is simple and compact for structure, is easy to install and repair.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is structural representation of the present utility model;
Fig. 2 is the structural representation of right end cap;
Fig. 3 is interior schematic diagram of the present utility model;
Fig. 4 is the structural representation of working cell.
Embodiment
Below in conjunction with embodiment, the utility model is described in detail.
A kind of comb-like carrier telescopic dish soybean picking desk, its structure is as shown in Fig. 1 ~ 4, comprise left end cap 3 and the right end cap 1 at cylinder 2 and cylinder 2 two ends, right end cap 1 is connected with driving wheel 9, be provided with central shaft 8 by being located at left end cap 3 with the bearing 13 in right end cap 1 in cylinder 2, central shaft 8 is provided with cam 7, cylinder 2 surface is axially provided with spaced apart slotted eye 11, and cylinder 2 inner surface radial direction is provided with the dead lever 4 being positioned at slotted eye 11 two ends, on dead lever 4, movable sleeve is provided with eight groups of working cells contacted with cam 7 surface, and eight groups of working cells are distributed in cylinder 2, described working cell is comprised and to be slidably located in fixed base plate on dead lever 45 and be located at the elasticity in pectination corresponding with slotted eye 11 on fixed base plate 5 and pluck pod tooth 6 by two ends, the bar portion that described elasticity plucks pod tooth 6 is curved, the end that elasticity plucks pod tooth 6 is provided with the arc elbow 14 that cover has elastic, elasticity plucks root and fixed base plate 5 interference fit of pod tooth 6, dead lever 4 is arranged with the spring 10 between cylinder 2 inner surface and fixed base plate 5, described spring 10 mid portion is thinner than two end portions, spring 10 one end is fixed on cylinder 2 inner surface, one end is fixed on fixed base plate 5.
Described fixed base plate 5 is arc with the abutted surface of cam 7.
Described right end cap 1 lateral surface is provided with protruding pipe 12, and central shaft 8 activity is located in protruding pipe 12.
In addition, cam 7 is in fan-shaped, cam 7 there are two turning points, the turning point of below is starting point, its position ensure that the beanpod of soybean plant strain bottom can be plucked in end that when cylinder 2 encounters this extreme position of plant elasticity plucks pod tooth 6, and elasticity is plucked pod tooth 6 end arc elbow 14 and can not be contacted ground and cause damage when working cell arrives cylinder 2 bottom position; The turning point of top is end point, its position ensure that when elasticity pluck pod tooth 6 gradually retraction cylinder time, the peak of cylinder 2 crossed by beanpod, with elasticity pluck to drop to rear side while pod tooth 6 is separated conveyer belt on
The course of work of the present utility model is: when carrying out harvesting work, cylinder 2 rotates under the drive of driving wheel 9, dead lever 4 rotates along the direction identical with cylinder 2 under the drive of cylinder 2, and the surface pivots of cam 7 is close in working cell under the effect of dead lever 4 and spring 10; When working cell enters operation interval, move to the direction away from cam 7 center in working cell under the promotion of cam 7, elasticity is plucked pod tooth 6 and is stretched out from cylinder 2 outer surface and chose whole plant from bottom to top, elasticity on cylinder 2 is plucked pod tooth 6 and is worked in coordination, carded plant, clamp beanpod, beanpod and tiny branches and leaves are taken from plant; Along with the rotation of cylinder 2, the beanpod taken and branches and leaves move under elasticity plucks the induced effect of pod tooth 6, after arriving cylinder peak, working cell enters between nonclient area, move to the direction close to cam 7 center under the impetus of spring 10, elasticity plucks pod tooth 6 retraction cylinder 2 gradually, and the beanpod on it and elasticity are plucked ineffective power while pod tooth 6 is separated and drops on follow-up conveyer belt, completes and plucks pod work.

Claims (7)

1. a comb-like carrier telescopic dish soybean picking desk, it is characterized in that, comprise left end cap and the right end cap at cylinder and cylinder two ends, right end cap is connected with driving wheel, be provided with central shaft by the bearing be located in left end cap and right end cap in cylinder, central shaft is provided with cam; Cylinder surface is axially provided with spaced apart slotted eye, and drum inner surface radial direction is provided with the dead lever being positioned at slotted eye two ends; On dead lever, movable sleeve is provided with the working cell contacted with cam face, described working cell is comprised the fixed base plate that is slidably located on dead lever by two ends and is located at elasticity corresponding with slotted eye on fixed base plate plucks pod tooth, dead lever is arranged with the spring between drum inner surface and fixed base plate.
2. comb-like carrier according to claim 1 telescopic dish soybean picking desk, is characterized in that, the bar portion that described elasticity plucks pod tooth is curved, and end is provided with the arc elbow that cover has elastic.
3. comb-like carrier according to claim 1 and 2 telescopic dish soybean picking desk, is characterized in that, described working cell has eight groups, and eight groups of working cells are distributed in cylinder.
4. comb-like carrier according to claim 1 telescopic dish soybean picking desk, is characterized in that, described spring one end is fixed on drum inner surface, and one end is fixed on fixed base plate.
5. comb-like carrier according to claim 4 telescopic dish soybean picking desk, is characterized in that, described spring intermediate portion is thinner than two end portions.
6. comb-like carrier according to claim 5 telescopic dish soybean picking desk, is characterized in that, described fixed base plate and cam abutted surface are arc.
7. comb-like carrier according to claim 6 telescopic dish soybean picking desk, is characterized in that, described right end cap lateral surface is provided with protruding pipe, and central shaft activity is located in protruding pipe.
CN201520250356.0U 2015-04-23 2015-04-23 A kind of comb-like carrier telescopic dish soybean picking desk Expired - Fee Related CN204560266U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201520250356.0U CN204560266U (en) 2015-04-23 2015-04-23 A kind of comb-like carrier telescopic dish soybean picking desk

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201520250356.0U CN204560266U (en) 2015-04-23 2015-04-23 A kind of comb-like carrier telescopic dish soybean picking desk

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN204560266U true CN204560266U (en) 2015-08-19

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104756669A (en) * 2015-04-23 2015-07-08 河南农业大学 Pectination carrier retractable type vegetable soybean picking table
CN107960209A (en) * 2017-12-30 2018-04-27 王国庆 A kind of de- pod screening all-in-one machine of agricultural based on partial rotational stripping type

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104756669A (en) * 2015-04-23 2015-07-08 河南农业大学 Pectination carrier retractable type vegetable soybean picking table
CN107960209A (en) * 2017-12-30 2018-04-27 王国庆 A kind of de- pod screening all-in-one machine of agricultural based on partial rotational stripping type
CN107960209B (en) * 2017-12-30 2019-11-12 浙江大学台州研究院 A kind of de- pod screening all-in-one machine of agricultural based on partial rotational stripping type

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C14 Grant of patent or utility model
GR01 Patent grant
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20150819

Termination date: 20210423