CN205357158U - Full -automatic matrimony vine harvester - Google Patents

Full -automatic matrimony vine harvester Download PDF

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Publication number
CN205357158U
CN205357158U CN201620103080.8U CN201620103080U CN205357158U CN 205357158 U CN205357158 U CN 205357158U CN 201620103080 U CN201620103080 U CN 201620103080U CN 205357158 U CN205357158 U CN 205357158U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
frame
shake
full
group
shakes
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Expired - Fee Related
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CN201620103080.8U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
刘文海
马卫星
惠华
张晓虎
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JINGHE AGRICULTURAL MACHINERY TECHNOLOGY PROMOTION CENTER
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JINGHE AGRICULTURAL MACHINERY TECHNOLOGY PROMOTION CENTER
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Priority to CN201620103080.8U priority Critical patent/CN205357158U/en
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Publication of CN205357158U publication Critical patent/CN205357158U/en
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

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Abstract

The utility model discloses a full -automatic matrimony vine harvester, including running gear, drive mechanism (3), the door form body frame body (1), shake frame (51), shake frame actuating mechanism (52), strip frame (22) the sympathetic vibration strip (21) that shakes, be equipped with elevating system on the door form body frame body (1), this elevating system contains two sets of vertical chains group at least, chain group of every group all contains sprocket (41) and drive chain (42), drive chain (42) during every group chain is organized all have a tie point and shake strip frame (22) be connected. Compare with existing technique, the utility model discloses can adapt to well and pluck frame transversely hunting when the matrimony vine is plucked, especially can adapt to well transversely the hunting of lift in -process, the fruit of gathering is effectual, and the harvesting that not only is applicable to the matrimony vine is gathered in the crops, also applicablely gathers in the crops in the harvesting like red date, sea -buckthorn, one type of crop fruit of hei jialun.

Description

Full-automatic medlar harvester
Technical field
This utility model relates to a kind of medlar-picking machine tool, particularly a kind of full automatic large-scale Fructus Lycii harvester.
Background technology
Fructus Lycii growth has the feature of " unordered inflorescence, continuous flowers and fruits ", namely blooms, result, maturation carry out simultaneously, and the difficulty of work of gathering is bigger.
The artificial efficiency plucking Fructus Lycii is only 3-5Kg/h, and labour cost, up to 1.5-2 unit/Kg, accounts for more than the 50% of production cost.Therefore, the medlar-picking machine being suitable for China's national situation is developed to promoting that wolfberry industry development is significant.
In Fructus Lycii is planted, harvesting and the processing request of Chinese wolfberry fruit are significantly high, particularly pluck, and are directly connected to the quality of final products.
During due to Fructus Lycii maturation, moisture is significantly high, accounts for 70-80%, and peel is tender and lovely, it is easy to damage, needs to handle with care, take together with fruit stem during harvesting, and if there is damage, fruit juice flows out will affect its inherent quality, also can become black after drying.
Simultaneously as the growth of Fructus Lycii Fructus Lycii has the feature of " unordered inflorescence, continuous flowers and fruits ", it is bloomed, result and maturation are to complete a long period, and asynchronous, must with ripe with adopting when gathering, and the difficulty of work of therefore gathering is bigger.Currently mainly also being dependent on artificial harvesting, labor intensity is big, and the amount of labour used is many, plucks cost very high.
The Fructus Lycii plantation of China belongs to close planting type more, and planting density is 330/667m2, line-spacing and spacing in the rows are relatively small, and line-spacing mostly is 1.0-1.5m: rattan branch is intricate, it is considered that be unsuitable for large-scale picking mechanical and enter ground operation.
Therefore current medlar-picking machine tool, based on middle-size and small-size hand-held, has that simple in construction, volume be little, light weight, portable advantage, but its shortcoming is also clearly: namely work efficiency is relatively low.
Current medlar-picking machine tool is based primarily upon following two principle and is designed.
A kind of is the principle taking mechanical oscillation by Fructus Lycii under shake branch, such as the picking mechanical disclosed in Chinese patent CN200720156226.6, CN201020520858.8, CN201010272425.X, CN201220534284.9, CN201220075334.1, this class machinery is mainly hand-held mini-plant, improves efficiency very limited.
The second then adopts the principle of negative pressure aspiration, under Chinese wolfberry fruit being inhaled by high pressure draught, medlar-picking machine disclosed in CN200910077547.0, CN201310091053.4 just belongs to this class machinery, such picking machine is difficult under fruit when air pressure is low, and air pressure is too high, is easy to be damaged to fruit.
Along with the shortage of manual labor, labor cost is high enterprise further, develop picking efficiency high large automatic Fructus Lycii harvester tool just become very exigence.
CN203327556U, CN203934353U disclose a kind of full-automatic Fructus Lycii harvester, can the harvesting frame of oscilaltion by arranging on the main frame body of gate-shaped, pluck frame and be provided with the shake bar in rectangular distribution, by the swing of shake bar, the fruit oscillation on branch is got off.
The oscilaltion plucking frame of this collecting mechanism fruit is realized by hydraulic jack, and the lateral adaptation ability of hydraulic jack is very weak in actual use, particularly in lifting process, it is impossible to adapts with plucking the shimmy of frame, has had a strong impact on harvesting effect.
Summary of the invention
Technical problem to be solved in the utility model is to provide a kind of can being well adapted for and plucks the frame side shake when Fructus Lycii is plucked, the particularly side shake in lifting process, the large-scale Fructus Lycii harvester that picking fruit is effective.
The purpose of this utility model is realized by following structure: include walking mechanism, drive mechanism (3), gate-shaped main frame body (1), shake frame (51), shake frame driving mechanism (52), shake bar frame (22) and the bar that shakes (21), it is characterized in that: gate-shaped main frame body (1) is provided with elevating mechanism, this elevating mechanism, comprise the chain group that at least two groups are vertical, often group chain group all comprises sprocket wheel (41) and driving chain (42), often the driving chain (42) in group chain group all has a junction point to be connected with the described bar frame (22) that shakes, make the described bar frame (22) that shakes can the overall rotation oscilaltion with driving chain (42).
Further, above-mentioned being connected between bar frame (22) with driving chain (42) of shaking is connected preferably by bindiny mechanism (7), and this bindiny mechanism (7) structure is as follows:
Driving chain (42) arranges the connection framework (72) of frame-shaped, arranging shaft-like connection bridge (71) on bar frame (22) shaking, described connection bridge (71) is overlapped in the upper connection in suspension of connection framework (72);
Or
At the connection framework (72) arranging frame-shaped on bar frame (22) that shakes, arranging shaft-like connection bridge (71) on driving chain (42), described connection bridge (71) is overlapped in the upper connection in suspension of connection framework (72).
Yet further, above-mentioned gate-shaped main frame body (1) and shake and be preferably provided with position-limit mechanism (6) between bar frame (22), this position-limit mechanism (6) comprises slideway (61) and slide block (62), slideway (61) can be arranged on gate-shaped main frame body (1), slide block (62) is arranged at and shakes on bar frame (22), or slideway (61) is arranged at and shakes on bar frame (22), and slide block (62) is arranged on gate-shaped main frame body (1).
Above-mentioned slide block (62) is preferably roller.
Yet further, above-mentioned slide block (62) is preferably provided with two or more and is arranged on slider frame (63), and this slider frame (63) is the support parallel with described slideway (61).
Compared with existing technology, this utility model can be well adapted for plucking the frame side shake when Fructus Lycii is plucked, particularly can be well adapted for the side shake in lifting process, picking fruit is effective, it is applicable not only to the harvesting results of Fructus Lycii, it is possible to be applicable to the harvesting such as Fructus Jujubae, Fructus Hippophae, Hei Jialun mono-class crop and fruit and gather in the crops.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is the main structural representation looked of this utility model embodiment 1.
Fig. 2 is the structural representation of Fig. 1 left view.
Fig. 3 is the structural representation of Fig. 2 A A section.
Fig. 4 is that this utility model embodiment 1 is shaken the structural representation being connected between bar frame and driving chain.
Fig. 5 is Fig. 4 structural representation overlooked.
Fig. 6 is the structural representation of embodiment 2 position-limit mechanism.
Fig. 7 is the structural representation of embodiment 3 position-limit mechanism.
Fig. 8 is that this utility model embodiment 4 is shaken the structural representation being connected between bar frame and driving chain.
Shown in figure, 1 is gate-shaped main frame body, and 2 are, 21 is the bar that shakes, 22 is the bar frame that shakes, and 23 are, 3 is drive mechanism, and 41 is sprocket wheel, 42 is driving chain, and 51 is shake frame, and 52 is shake frame driving mechanism, 53 are, 6 is position-limit mechanism, and 61 is slideway, 62 is slide block, and 63 is slider frame, and 7 is this bindiny mechanism, 71 for connecting bridge, and 72 for connecting framework
Detailed description of the invention
Embodiment 1: with reference to Fig. 1~Fig. 5, structural representation for this utility model embodiment 1, including walking mechanism, drive mechanism (3), gate-shaped main frame body (1), shake frame (51), shake frame driving mechanism (52), shake bar frame (22) and the bar that shakes (21)
Gate-shaped main frame body (1) is provided with elevating mechanism, this elevating mechanism, comprise chain group 4 groups vertical, often group chain group all comprises sprocket wheel (41) and driving chain (42), often the driving chain (42) in group chain group all has a junction point to be connected with the described bar frame (22) that shakes, make the described bar frame (22) that shakes can the overall rotation oscilaltion with driving chain (42), described being connected between bar frame (22) with driving chain (42) of shaking is connected by bindiny mechanism (7), this bindiny mechanism (7) structure is: arrange the connection framework (72) of frame-shaped on driving chain (42), shaking, bar frame (22) arranges shaft-like connection bridge (71), described connection bridge (71) is overlapped in the upper connection in suspension of connection framework (72);Described gate-shaped main frame body (1) and shake and be provided with position-limit mechanism (6) between bar frame (22), this position-limit mechanism (6) comprises slideway (61) and slide block (62), slideway (61) is in a flute profile and is arranged on gate-shaped main frame body (1), slide block (62) is roller, slide block (62) is provided with multiple and is arranged on slider frame (63), and this slider frame (63) shakes on bar frame (22) for the support parallel with described slideway (61) being arranged at.
Embodiment 2: with reference to Fig. 6, structural representation for this utility model embodiment 2, compared with embodiment 1, differring primarily in that of the present embodiment: the described slideway (61) triangle in a projection, described slide block (62) is middle reeded roller.
Embodiment 3: with reference to Fig. 7, structural representation for this utility model embodiment 3, compared with embodiment 1, differring primarily in that of the present embodiment: described slideway (61) is in a flute profile and is arranged on gate-shaped main frame body (1), slide block (62) is a protruding block corresponding with slideway (61) groove.
Embodiment 4: with reference to Fig. 8, structural representation for this utility model embodiment 4, compared with embodiment before, differring primarily in that of the present embodiment: described connection framework (72) is arranged on and shakes on bar frame (22), arranging shaft-like connection bridge (71) on driving chain (42), described connection bridge (71) is overlapped in the upper connection in suspension of connection framework (72).
Below it is only preferred implementation of the present utility model, it is noted that above-mentioned preferred implementation is not construed as restriction of the present utility model, and protection domain of the present utility model should be as the criterion with claim limited range.For those skilled in the art, without departing from spirit and scope of the present utility model, it is also possible to make some improvements and modifications and also should be regarded as protection domain of the present utility model.
This utility model is applicable not only to the harvesting results of Fructus Lycii, it is possible to is applicable to the harvesting such as Fructus Jujubae, Fructus Hippophae, Hei Jialun mono-class crop and fruit and gathers in the crops, also should be regarded as protection domain of the present utility model.

Claims (6)

1. a full-automatic medlar harvester, it is characterized in that: include walking mechanism, drive mechanism (3), gate-shaped main frame body (1), shake frame (51), shake frame driving mechanism (52), shake bar frame (22) and the bar that shakes (21), it is characterized in that: gate-shaped main frame body (1) is provided with elevating mechanism, this elevating mechanism, comprise the chain group that at least two groups are vertical, often group chain group all comprises sprocket wheel (41) and driving chain (42), often the driving chain (42) in group chain group all has a junction point to be connected with the described bar frame (22) that shakes.
2. full-automatic medlar harvester according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described being connected between bar frame (22) with driving chain (42) of shaking is connected by bindiny mechanism (7), and this bindiny mechanism (7) structure is as follows:
Driving chain (42) arranges the connection framework (72) of frame-shaped, arranging shaft-like connection bridge (71) on bar frame (22) shaking, described connection bridge (71) is overlapped in the upper connection in suspension of connection framework (72);
Or
At the connection framework (72) arranging frame-shaped on bar frame (22) that shakes, arranging shaft-like connection bridge (71) on driving chain (42), described connection bridge (71) is overlapped in the upper connection in suspension of connection framework (72).
3. full-automatic medlar harvester according to claim 1 and 2, it is characterized in that: described gate-shaped main frame body (1) and shake and be provided with position-limit mechanism (6) between bar frame (22), this position-limit mechanism (6) comprises slideway (61) and slide block (62), slideway (61) is arranged on gate-shaped main frame body (1), slide block (62) is arranged at and shakes on bar frame (22)
Or slideway (61) is arranged at and shakes on bar frame (22), and slide block (62) is arranged on gate-shaped main frame body (1).
4. full-automatic medlar harvester according to claim 3, it is characterized in that: described slide block (62) is provided with two or more and is arranged on slider frame (63), and this slider frame (63) is the support parallel with described slideway (61).
5. full-automatic medlar harvester according to claim 3, it is characterised in that: described slide block (62) is roller.
6. full-automatic medlar harvester according to claim 4, it is characterised in that: described slide block (62) is roller.
CN201620103080.8U 2016-02-01 2016-02-01 Full -automatic matrimony vine harvester Expired - Fee Related CN205357158U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201620103080.8U CN205357158U (en) 2016-02-01 2016-02-01 Full -automatic matrimony vine harvester

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201620103080.8U CN205357158U (en) 2016-02-01 2016-02-01 Full -automatic matrimony vine harvester

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN205357158U true CN205357158U (en) 2016-07-06

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Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
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Country Status (1)

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105684650A (en) * 2016-02-01 2016-06-22 刘文海 Full-automatic wolfberry harvesting machine

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105684650A (en) * 2016-02-01 2016-06-22 刘文海 Full-automatic wolfberry harvesting machine
CN105684650B (en) * 2016-02-01 2018-07-20 刘文海 Full-automatic medlar harvester

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CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20160706

Termination date: 20170201

CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee