CN204377618U - A kind of elevating rack combined type culturing device - Google Patents

A kind of elevating rack combined type culturing device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN204377618U
CN204377618U CN201420818363.1U CN201420818363U CN204377618U CN 204377618 U CN204377618 U CN 204377618U CN 201420818363 U CN201420818363 U CN 201420818363U CN 204377618 U CN204377618 U CN 204377618U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
cultivating stand
combined type
culturing device
cultivating
elevating rack
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Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CN201420818363.1U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
曲明山
赵永志
王崇旺
宋卫堂
赵锦一
廖洪
刘宝文
哈雪娇
栗亚飞
王春玲
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Beijing Longwan Qiaosiao Agricultural Technology Co., Ltd.
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BEIJING SOIL AND FERTILIZER WORK STATION
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Priority to CN201420818363.1U priority Critical patent/CN204377618U/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN204377618U publication Critical patent/CN204377618U/en
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02PCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PRODUCTION OR PROCESSING OF GOODS
    • Y02P60/00Technologies relating to agriculture, livestock or agroalimentary industries
    • Y02P60/20Reduction of greenhouse gas [GHG] emissions in agriculture, e.g. CO2
    • Y02P60/21Dinitrogen oxide [N2O], e.g. using aquaponics, hydroponics or efficiency measures

Abstract

The utility model relates to a kind of elevating rack combined type culturing device, and it comprising nutrition liquid pool for storing nutrient solution, being arranged on the solution feed pump of the bottom of nutrition liquid pool, for guiding by the liquid feeding pipeline of the nutrient solution of solution feed pump pumping, for providing the cultivating stand of supporting to raise crop, for guiding nutrient solution from the liquid back pipe road that cultivating stand refluxes and the liquid return tank for the nutrient solution that stores backflow.The cultivating stand of this elevating rack combined type culturing device is at least two, and at least two cultivating stands have height different from each other and are arranged in order according to the size of height along the direction vertical with the longitudinal direction of single cultivating stand.According to elevating rack combined type culturing device of the present utility model, by with the long-term cropping that is alternately arranged of high-rise cultivating stand and low layer cultivating stand, the Efficient Cultivation of crop can be realized, improve the space availability ratio in greenhouse, improve plant number and the output of unit are crop to a certain extent.

Description

A kind of elevating rack combined type culturing device
Technical field
The utility model belongs to facilities horticulture soilless culture field, particularly a kind of combined type matrix culture device for raise crop.
Background technology
Below background of related of the present utility model is described, but these explanations might not form prior art of the present utility model.
Along with the development of modern installations horticulture industry, China's hothouse production scale constantly increases, and hothouse production by region and the restriction in season, has not greatly enriched the living standard of the people.Present stage, utilize the use scale of greenhouse culture crop to increase gradually, but be mainly still soil cultivation.Soil in protected field cultivation is individual layer cultivation, thus causes the space availability ratio in greenhouse lower, and then affects cultivation quantity and the output of crop.Meanwhile, there is comparatively serious soil-borne disease insect pest and soil continuous cropping obstacle in soil cultivation process.Greenhouse soil planting strawberry class crop mainly adopts Root growth mode, makes troubles to the seedling management of crop and later stage fruit harvesting.Therefore, need a kind of crop genetics device badly and solve the problems referred to above existed in facility cultivation process, increase yield, improve high-quality fruits and vegetables ratio, realize recycling of nutrient solution, reduce the labour intensity of the producer simultaneously.
Utility model content
The purpose of this utility model is low in order to solve facility space availability when plant soil in protected field is cultivated, and there is serious soil-borne disease insect pest and soil continuous cropping obstacle, the problems such as labourer's bookkeeping intensity is large simultaneously.Based on above-mentioned purpose, the utility model proposes that a kind of structure is simple, cost is low, the elevating rack combined type matrix culture device closed that nutrient solution recycles can be realized.This device can improve the space availability ratio in greenhouse to a certain extent, increases the cultivation strain number of unit are crop, improves the quality of fruit simultaneously, improve high quality fruit ratio, improve the availability of nutrient solution, reduce costs input, convenient management and harvesting, be suitable for using in crop facility cultivation simultaneously.
The utility model provides a kind of elevating rack combined type culturing device, and this elevating rack combined type culturing device comprising nutrition liquid pool for storing nutrient solution, being arranged on the solution feed pump of the bottom of nutrition liquid pool, for guiding by the liquid feeding pipeline of the nutrient solution of solution feed pump pumping, for providing the cultivating stand of supporting to raise crop, for guiding nutrient solution from the liquid back pipe road that cultivating stand refluxes and the liquid return tank for the nutrient solution that stores backflow.Cultivating stand according to elevating rack combined type culturing device of the present utility model is at least two, and at least two cultivating stands have height different from each other and are arranged in order according to the size of height along the direction vertical with the longitudinal direction of single cultivating stand.
According to elevating rack combined type culturing device of the present utility model, by with the long-term cropping that is alternately arranged of high-rise cultivating stand and low layer cultivating stand, the Efficient Cultivation of crop can be realized, improve the space availability ratio in greenhouse, improve plant number and the output of unit are crop to a certain extent.Can ensure mutually not block between each cultivating stand by high-rise cultivating stand and being alternately arranged of low layer cultivating stand, ensure that crop photosynthesis in process of growth is unaffected.Simultaneously according in elevating rack combined type culturing device of the present utility model for the suspension of fruit can be realized during the crops such as planting strawberry, thus avoid the contact of itself and irrigation water, decrease the generation of the damage by disease and insect caused because of high humidity to a great extent.
According to a preferred embodiment of elevating rack combined type culturing device of the present utility model, at least two cultivating stands of elevating rack combined type culturing device comprise the first cultivating stand and the second cultivating stand, and the height of the first cultivating stand is greater than the height of the second cultivating stand.
According in another preferred embodiment of elevating rack combined type culturing device of the present utility model, the first cultivating stand has the height can planting three layers of crop, and the second cultivating stand has the height can planting two-layer crop.
According to another preferred embodiment of elevating rack combined type culturing device of the present utility model, cultivating stand is provided with cultivating groove.
Going back in a preferred embodiment according to elevating rack combined type culturing device of the present utility model, cultivating groove is formed by transparent thickening plastic film, plastic foil, fly net and the non-woven fabrics be arranged together with stacking gradually.
According to another preferred embodiment of elevating rack combined type culturing device of the present utility model, liquid back pipe road is filtered and the nutrient solution collected by plastic foil by non-woven fabrics for carrying.
According in another preferred embodiment of elevating rack combined type culturing device of the present utility model, elevating rack combined type culturing device also comprises the control system of the normal operation for controlling elevating rack combined type culturing device.
According to another preferred embodiment of elevating rack combined type culturing device of the present utility model, elevating rack combined type culturing device is used for planting strawberry.
Effectively can avoid the generation of the insect pest of crop soil-borne disease and soil continuous cropping obstacle according to elevating rack combined type culturing device of the present utility model, achieve the recycling of nutrient solution, which thereby enhance the availability of nutrient solution.In addition, the cultivation management of crop and the harvesting judicial convenience of fruit can be made according to elevating rack combined type culturing device of the present utility model, thus reduce labour intensity.
Accompanying drawing explanation
By the embodiment part provided referring to accompanying drawing, can more easily understand feature and advantage of the present utility model, in the accompanying drawings:
Fig. 1 is the schematic perspective view according to elevating rack combined type culturing device of the present utility model;
Fig. 2 is the end view according to elevating rack combined type culturing device of the present utility model.
Description of reference numerals:
1, nutrition liquid pool; 2, feed flow water pump; 3, control system; 4, liquid feeding pipeline; 5, the first cultivating stand; 6, the second cultivating stand 7, transparent thickening plastic film; 8, plastic foil; 9, valve; 10, irrigate band; 11, strawberry; 12, low light tolerance strawberry cultivars or leaf vegetables or edible fungi 13, fly net; 14, non-woven fabrics; 15, nutrient solution diffusate; 16, soilless culture substrate; 17, liquid back pipe road; 18, liquid return tank; 19, reflective membrane.
Embodiment
With reference to the accompanying drawings illustrative embodiments of the present utility model is described in detail.Be only for demonstration object to the description of illustrative embodiments, and be never the restriction to the utility model and application or usage.
For the defect existed in the prior art pointed out in background technology, the utility model provides that a kind of what overcome above-mentioned technological deficiency is such as the elevating rack combined type culturing device of crop of strawberry for planting, and it comprising nutrition liquid pool 1 for storing nutrient solution, being arranged on the solution feed pump 2 of the bottom of nutrition liquid pool 1, for guiding by the liquid feeding pipeline 4 of the nutrient solution of solution feed pump 2 pumping, for providing the cultivating stand of supporting to the strain of crop seedling, for guiding nutrient solution from the liquid back pipe road 17 that cultivating stand refluxes and the liquid return tank 18 for the nutrient solution that stores backflow.Cultivating stand according to the elevating rack combined type culturing device for planting the crops such as strawberry of the present utility model is at least two, and described at least two cultivating stands have height different from each other and are arranged in order according to the size of height along the direction vertical with the length direction of single described cultivating stand.It should be noted that at this, cultivating stand can two or more be one group, can arrange some groups of cultivating stands according to the size in greenhouse.The height of each cultivating stand in each group cultivating stand is different from each other, but, it is arranged in order according to order from low to high, highly minimum cultivating stand is arranged on southern side, highly the highest cultivating stand is arranged on north side, thus make highly low cultivating stand block the light of the cultivating stand of its adjacent north side as little as possible, make whole cultivating stand can receive sunshine as much as possible thus.
According in embodiment of the present utility model, as shown in Figure 1, the cultivating stand for the elevating rack combined type culturing device of planting the crops such as strawberry comprises the first cultivating stand 5 and the second cultivating stand 6, and wherein, the height of the first cultivating stand 5 is greater than the height of the second cultivating stand 6.In this accompanying drawing 1, the first cultivating stand 5 has the height can planting three layers of crop, and the second cultivating stand 6 has the height can cultivating two-layer crop.First cultivating stand 5 and the second cultivating stand 6 can be formed by steel-tube construction skeleton, and such as it can adopt diameter to be that the coating steel pipe of 16mm-20mm is welded.
Each crop genetics layer is provided with cultivating groove, and cultivating groove is made up of transparent thickening plastic film 7, plastic foil 8, fly net 13 and non-woven fabrics 14.Non-woven fabrics 14 and fly net 13 form arc cultivating groove for load-bearing soilless culture substrate 16 with filter excessive nutrient solution, plastic foil 8 and transparent thickening plastic film 7 and retain certain gap between non-woven fabrics 14 and fly net 13 to collect the nutrient solution after being filtered by non-woven fabrics 14.Reflective membrane 19 is laid on the surface of the soilless culture substrate 16 in cultivating groove, for the sunlight of irradiation is reflexed to cultivated crop plant, thus is beneficial to making full use of of sunlight.
According to of the present utility model for planting in the use procedure of elevating rack combined type culturing device of the crops such as strawberry, nutrient solution in nutrition liquid pool 1 is transported to liquid feeding pipeline 4 by solution feed pump 2 with certain flow and pressure, nutrient input is delivered to the feed flow arm near the first cultivating stand 5 and the second cultivating stand 6 by liquid feeding pipeline 4, near the root system of crop seedling strain being then transported to each cultivation layer by the irrigate band 10 of each cultivation layer.Valve 9 may be used for the amount controlling the nutrient solution leading to irrigate band 10.By irrigate band 10 drip irrigation to the part of the nutrient solution in cultivating groove absorb by the growth of crop seedling strain, then being leached by fly net 13 and non-woven fabrics 14 of unnecessary nutrient solution, the nutrient solution leached is collected in return line 17 by transparent thickening plastic film 7 and plastic foil 8, then turns back in nutrient solution liquid return tank 18.Further, the normal operation of whole elevating rack combined type culturing device is controlled by control system 3.
According in embodiment of the present utility model, liquid feeding pipeline 4 and liquid back pipe road 17 can adopt diameter to be that the pvc pipe of 25mm-32mm is made.First cultivating stand 5 and the second cultivating stand 6 can adopt diameter to be that the coating steel pipe of 16mm-20mm is welded, the length L1 of each unit of cultivating stand can be 1m-1.5m, the degree of depth L2 of cultivating groove can be 20cm-25cm, the height L4 of the second cultivating stand 6 can be 80cm-100cm, the height L7 of the first cultivating stand 5 can be 150cm-165cm, the horizontal depth of beam L3 of intermediate support between the two-layer cultivating groove of the second cultivating stand can be 1/3rd of height L4, the width L6 of the second cultivating stand is 35cm-45cm, centre-to-centre spacing L5 between first cultivating stand 5 and the second cultivating stand 6 is 80cm-100cm.Certainly, these parameters and material are only exemplary, can adopt other materials and other parameter accordingly according to the various building blocks of the elevating rack combined type culturing device for planting the crops such as strawberry of the present utility model.
Utilize the test having carried out substrate culture strawberry according to the elevating rack combined type culturing device for planting the crops such as strawberry of the present utility model in Beijing fruit Specialty Co-operative Organization greenhouse by solar heat.As shown in Figure 1, the length L1 of each unit of the cultivating stand of elevating rack combined type culturing device is 1.5m to the structure of the culturing device adopted, and liquid feeding pipeline 4 and liquid back pipe road 17 adopt diameter to be the water delivery pvc pipe for building of 25mm, buried depth 30cm.The interior of elevating rack combined type culturing device as shown in Figure 2, wherein, the steel structure framework of culturing device adopts diameter to be that the coating steel pipe of 20mm is welded, the degree of depth L2 of cultivating groove is 24cm, the height L4 of the second cultivating stand is 80cm, and the horizontal depth of beam L3 of intermediate support between the two-layer cultivating groove of the second cultivating stand is 33cm, and the width L6 of cultivating stand is 41cm, centre-to-centre spacing L5 between first cultivating stand 5 and the second cultivating stand 6 is 100cm, and the height L7 of the first cultivating stand 5 is 155cm.Solution feed pump 2 controls to carry out batch (-type) drip irrigation to strawberry 11 and low light tolerance strawberry cultivars or leaf vegetables or edible fungi 12, and cultivating groove adopts non-woven fabrics and fly net composition double-filtration, avoids cultivation matrix to block liquid back pipe road 17.On the branch road of liquid feeding pipeline 4, mounted valve 9 is to control the dropping liquid amount of the drip hole on irrigate band 10, and control system 3 controls the normal operation of whole elevating rack combined type culturing device.
Below briefly explain the course of work according to the elevating rack combined type culturing device for planting the crops such as strawberry of the present utility model.Control system 3 is in running order, nutrient solution to be transported near the root system of strawberry 11 by liquid feeding pipeline 4 through irrigate band 10, the nutrient solution of excessive pouring is exuded in the groove that formed by transparent thickening plastic film 7 and plastic foil 8 with the form of nutrient solution diffusate 15, turned back in nutrient solution liquid return tank 18 by liquid back pipe road 17 again, thus complete whole enclosed circulation process.
According to the elevating rack combined type culturing device for planting the crops such as strawberry of the present utility model compared with prior art tool have the following advantages:
1, by the long-term cropping that is alternately arranged of high-rise cultivating stand and low layer cultivating stand, the Efficient Cultivation of crop can be realized, improve the space availability ratio in greenhouse, improve plant number and the output of unit are crop to a certain extent, can ensure mutually not block between each cultivating stand by high-rise cultivating stand and being alternately arranged of low layer cultivating stand, ensure that crop photosynthesis in process of growth is unaffected.The suspension of the fruits such as strawberry can be realized simultaneously according to the elevating rack combined type culturing device for planting the crops such as strawberry of the present utility model, avoiding contacting with irrigation water, decreasing the damage by disease and insect because high humidity causes to a great extent.
2, the substrate culture carrying out crop according to the elevating rack combined type culturing device for long-term cropping of the present utility model is utilized effectively can to avoid the generation of soil-borne disease insect pest and soil continuous cropping obstacle, inflorescence pollination fully, fruit development is good, bright-colored, improves high-quality fruits and vegetables ratio.
3, the recycling of nutrient solution can be realized according to the elevating rack combined type culturing device for long-term cropping of the present utility model, improve the availability of nutrient solution.
4, the cultivation management of crop and the harvesting judicial convenience of fruit can be made according to the elevating rack combined type culturing device for long-term cropping of the present utility model, thus reduce labour intensity.In addition, simple according to culturing device structure of the present utility model, its input cost is low, easy to use, liquid manure cyclic utilization rate is high.
Be described in detail according to elevating rack combined type culturing device of the present utility model for strawberry although above, but, clearly, also may be used for cultivating other crops according to elevating rack combined type culturing device of the present utility model, such as may be used for leaf class, tubers and the allium vegetableses such as plantation romaine lettuce, rape, spinach, carrot, green onion, garlic, also may be used for planting the small-sized flower plants such as the red palm, ivyleaf cyclamen, Indian fig.
Although be described the utility model with reference to illustrative embodiments, but be to be understood that, the utility model is not limited in literary composition the embodiment described in detail and illustrate, when not departing from claims limited range, those skilled in the art can make various change to described illustrative embodiments.

Claims (7)

1. an elevating rack combined type culturing device, comprising the nutrition liquid pool (1) for storing nutrient solution, being arranged on the solution feed pump (2) of the bottom of described nutrition liquid pool (1), for guiding by the liquid feeding pipeline (4) of the nutrient solution of described solution feed pump (2) pumping, for providing the cultivating stand of supporting to raise crop, for guiding nutrient solution from the liquid back pipe road (17) that described cultivating stand refluxes and the liquid return tank (18) for the nutrient solution that stores backflow
It is characterized in that, described cultivating stand is at least two, and at least two described cultivating stands have height different from each other and are arranged in order according to the size of height along the direction vertical with the longitudinal direction of single described cultivating stand.
2. elevating rack combined type culturing device according to claim 1, wherein, described at least two cultivating stands comprise the first cultivating stand (5) and the second cultivating stand (6), and the height of described first cultivating stand (5) is greater than the height of described second cultivating stand (6).
3. elevating rack combined type culturing device according to claim 2, wherein, described first cultivating stand (5) has the height can planting three layers of crop, and described second cultivating stand (6) has the height can planting two-layer crop.
4. the elevating rack combined type culturing device according to any one in claim 1-3, wherein, described cultivating stand is provided with cultivating groove.
5. elevating rack combined type culturing device according to claim 4, wherein, described cultivating groove is formed by the transparent thickening plastic film (7) be arranged together with stacking gradually, plastic foil (8), fly net (13) and non-woven fabrics (14).
6. elevating rack combined type culturing device according to claim 5, wherein, described liquid back pipe road (17) is filtered and the nutrient solution collected by described plastic foil (8) by described non-woven fabrics (14) for conveying.
7. the elevating rack combined type culturing device according to any one in claim 1-3, also comprises the control system (3) of the normal operation for controlling described elevating rack combined type culturing device.
CN201420818363.1U 2014-12-19 2014-12-19 A kind of elevating rack combined type culturing device Expired - Fee Related CN204377618U (en)

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104396719A (en) * 2014-12-19 2015-03-11 北京市土肥工作站 High and low rack combined cultivation device
CN105145118A (en) * 2015-09-17 2015-12-16 付顺 Mushroom producing frame used for three-dimensional planting of chestnut mushrooms in greenhouse and method for three-dimensional planting of chestnut mushrooms in greenhouse

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104396719A (en) * 2014-12-19 2015-03-11 北京市土肥工作站 High and low rack combined cultivation device
CN105145118A (en) * 2015-09-17 2015-12-16 付顺 Mushroom producing frame used for three-dimensional planting of chestnut mushrooms in greenhouse and method for three-dimensional planting of chestnut mushrooms in greenhouse

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C14 Grant of patent or utility model
GR01 Patent grant
TR01 Transfer of patent right
TR01 Transfer of patent right

Effective date of registration: 20190903

Address after: 100029 Beijing city Xicheng District Yumin Road No. 6

Co-patentee after: Beijing Longwan Qiaosiao Agricultural Technology Co., Ltd.

Patentee after: Beijing Soil and Fertilizer Work Station

Address before: 100029 Beijing city Xicheng District Yumin Road No. 6

Patentee before: Beijing Soil and Fertilizer Work Station

CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20150610

Termination date: 20191219