CN204198495U - The two positioning module blocking submerged plant quality purifying device for water of a kind of lift - Google Patents

The two positioning module blocking submerged plant quality purifying device for water of a kind of lift Download PDF

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Publication number
CN204198495U
CN204198495U CN201420662632.XU CN201420662632U CN204198495U CN 204198495 U CN204198495 U CN 204198495U CN 201420662632 U CN201420662632 U CN 201420662632U CN 204198495 U CN204198495 U CN 204198495U
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China
Prior art keywords
rectangle frame
water
submerged plant
frame
buoyancy
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Expired - Fee Related
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CN201420662632.XU
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
迟杰
崔静慧
刘雪
陈涵冠
孟凡波
潘亚飞
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Tianjin University
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Tianjin University
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Abstract

The utility model discloses the two positioning module blocking submerged plant quality purifying device for water of a kind of lift, comprise the two locating module of multiple Liftable type be made up of mattress main body and buoyancy system, buoyancy system comprises frame-type and supports, and frame-type supports upper binding cystose; Mattress main body comprises and forms by inside the mattress regulation of level framework that the upper rectangle frame of a connected space, lower rectangle frame, latticed pipe connecting and vertical connecting tube form, lower rectangle frame is fixed with a foam supporting plate, foam supporting plate is provided with multiple hole, is embedded with the plastics planting pot that plantation has submerged plant in cavity; Adjustable connection cord is provided with between mattress main body and buoyancy system.The utility model can be poured water by mattress body interior and draw water and the effect of adjusting rope, the position of submerged plant in water is regulated at light compensation depth vertical space, ecological niche is changed with water level, transparency etc. to realize submerged plant, there is water plant planting amount large, wide in variety, surviving rate advantages of higher.

Description

The two positioning module blocking submerged plant quality purifying device for water of a kind of lift
Technical field
The utility model relates to nature and sloot, the ecological reconstruction in lake and recovery technology, specifically, relate to that eutrophication and waterplant degenerate, the restoration of the ecosystem of the mud type that transparency is lower, hard die bed water body and field of water quality purification, particularly relate to the two positioning module blocking submerged plant quality purifying device for water device of a kind of lift.
Background technology
In recent years, due to the sharp increase of population and the develop rapidly of industry, a large amount of nitrogen, phosphoric are input in water surrounding, cause body eutrophication, and red tide wawter bloom frequently breaks out.Water ecological setting worsens, and transparency declines, and waterplant distribution area reduces, and the simplification of structure of community trend, the ecosystem is quite fragile.
Submerged plant likening to " submerged forest " by image, submerged plant not only can by the nutritive element such as absorbed nitrogen, phosphorus containment body eutrophication, himself also has restraining effect to algae, and submerged plant can also play the effect of oxygenation to water body by photosynthesis.
Submerged plant is relevant with its growth conditions to the detergent power of water body, and the growth of submerged plant is subject to very polyfactorial impact in actual environment.Wherein intensity of illumination plays main restriction to submerged plant growth, nutritive salt, substrate, suspended substance, current, temperature are comparatively obvious on submerged plant growth impact, and the factors such as attached algae, heavy metal, pH also can produce certain influence to submerged plant growth.When water pollution is serious, when transparency is low, when illumination is under water less than the light compensation point of submerged plant, the growth that submerged plant then can not be good.And the natural water of current China, artificial water is all faced with the problems such as body eutrophication, transparency be too low.
At present, in existing patented technology, what relate generally to is biological floating bed technology, such as: publication number CN101007686A, publication date is that the Chinese patent of 2007 8 years 1 day discloses one " Modular air-floating type artificial mattress for processing polluted water and making method and purifying method ", plant wherein in floating bed is only limitted to the emergent that can surface or floatingleaved plant, and have ignored the vital role of submerged plant in water body purification.Although there is investigator to propose the concept of Liftable type floating bed, if publication number is CN101356881A, publication date is that the Chinese patent on February 4th, 2009 discloses one " Liftable submerged plant growth bed and Production and application method ", bed body wherein adopts reinforcing bar as support, publication number is CN201648116U, publication date is that the Chinese patent on November 24th, 2010 discloses one " submerged type aquatic plant floating bed ", bed body is wherein the wire netting of hollow out, the bed body of metal material is placed on easy rust corrosion in water for a long time, high to the requirement of buoyancy system during floating, the cost of bed body is also higher, publication number is CN201777934U, publication date is the Chinese patent disclosed " a kind of continuous adjustable submerged plant planting net bed " on March 30th, 2011 and publication number is CN101356881A, publication date is all adopt mao bamboon as buoyancy system in Chinese utility model on February 4th, 2009 disclosed a kind of " Liftable submerged plant growth bed and Production and application method ", if place for a long time, mao bamboon to releasing nutrients material in water body, can cause secondary pollution after rotting on the contrary.Publication number is CN202272773, publication date is " heavy water level puts adjustable net cage type ecological mattress " on June 13rd, 2012, publication number is CN201777934U, publication date is " a kind of continuous adjustable submerged plant planting net bed " on March 30th, 2011 and publication number is CN201999795U, publication date is in " a kind of continuous sedimentation type ecological meshed bed for submerged plants " on October 5th, 2011, all fixing piling at the bottom, the underwater position of regulation bed body is come by the bracing wire being connected to spud pile, difficulty of construction when this not only increases in-site installation bed body, increase cost, and later maintenance is also made troubles.
Utility model content
The utility model is for the deficiencies in the prior art, propose the two positioning module blocking submerged plant quality purifying device for water of a kind of lift, have that plant growing amount is large, diversification of varieties and can independent assortment, ensure the features such as plant optimum growh environment, purification of water quality ability are strong.
In order to solve the problems of the technologies described above, the two positioning module blocking submerged plant quality purifying device for water of a kind of lift that the utility model proposes, comprise the two locating module of multiple Liftable type, the two locating module of each Liftable type comprises mattress main body and buoyancy system, described buoyancy system comprises frame-type and supports, described frame-type supports and is made up of rectangle frame and outer rectangle frame in inside and outside mutually nested layout, be provided with horizontal brace rod between interior rectangle frame and outer rectangle frame, described frame-type supports upper binding cystose; Described mattress main body comprises the mattress regulation of level framework that a PVC makes, described mattress regulation of level framework comprises the identical upper rectangle frame of shape and lower rectangle frame, vertical connecting tube is provided with between described upper rectangle frame and lower rectangle frame, latticed pipe connecting is provided with in described lower rectangle frame, described upper rectangle frame, lower rectangle frame, latticed pipe connecting form a space be communicated with vertical connecting tube inside, described lower rectangle frame is provided with a water-in, described upper rectangle frame is provided with an air outlet, and described water-in and air outlet place are provided with valve respectively; Described lower rectangle frame is fixed with a foam supporting plate, described foam supporting plate is provided with multiple hole, the grid position one_to_one corresponding that each hole and latticed pipe connecting are formed, is embedded with a plastics planting pot in each cavity, plant and be implanted with submerged plant in each plastics planting pot; Adjustable connection cord is provided with between described mattress main body and buoyancy system.
Further, the upper rectangle frame in described mattress regulation of level framework and the shape of lower rectangle frame are less than the interior rectangle frame in buoyancy system.
Interior rectangle frame in described buoyancy system and be spaced apart 25cm between outer rectangle frame.
The line adopting 1cm wide between described frame-type support with cystose lashes to be tied up.
Described interior rectangle frame and outer rectangle frame are formed by connecting by pvc pipe and UPVC elbow, and described horizontal brace rod adopts pvc pipe, and described horizontal brace rod all adopts UPVC threeway to be connected with between described interior rectangle frame and outer rectangle frame.
Described upper rectangle frame and lower rectangle frame are formed by connecting by pvc pipe and UPVC elbow, described latticed pipe connecting is formed by connecting by pvc pipe and UPVC four-way, described vertical connecting tube adopts pvc pipe, described latticed pipe connecting with between described upper rectangle frame and lower rectangle frame, described vertical connecting tube all adopts UPVC threeway to be connected with between described upper rectangle frame and lower rectangle frame.
Described adjustable connection cord has four and is connected to the corner place between the upper rectangle frame of mattress main body and the interior rectangle frame of buoyancy system.
Described water-in has two, and described air outlet has two.
Compared with prior art, the beneficial effects of the utility model are:
The utility model is poured water and is drawn water by mattress body interior and the effect of adjusting rope, the position of submerged plant in water is regulated at light compensation depth vertical space, ecological niche is changed with water level, transparency etc. to realize submerged plant, the factor such as light compensativity, transparency that to solve in submerged plant water remediation process is to the restriction of submerged plant growth, and it is large to have water plant planting amount, wide in variety, surviving rate advantages of higher.
Mattress main body in the utility model and the framework of buoyancy system all adopt UPVC material, and have acidproof, alkaline-resisting, erosion resistance strong, good pressure-resistant performance, intensity is high, light weight, the advantages such as price is low, and fluid resistance is little, non-secondary pollution.
The buoyancy of the utility model submerged plant quality purifying device for water is provided by three parts, if the buoyancy, two provided when being and itself not pouring water in the lower rectangular frame of mattress main body is the buoyancy, three that the foam supporting plate being positioned at mattress lower body part provides is the buoyancy that the buoyancy system above mattress main body provides; Such design can make full use of the feature of mattress selection itself, simplifies bed structure, has saved cost, and has easily safeguarded.
The utility model is by regulating the position (being divided into field planting water level and fixed growth water level) of mattress at light compensation depth vertical space, achieving submerged plant can change ecological niche with water level, transparency, vegetation growth state etc.; When solving submerged plant restoration of the ecosystem, the factor such as light compensation point, transparency is to the restriction of submerged plant growth.
The utility model adopts the purifying polluted water body of submerged plant, and submerged plant not only by the nutritive element such as absorbed nitrogen, phosphorus containment body eutrophication, also can be had restraining effect to algae, can also be played the effect of oxygenation by photosynthesis to water body.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is the vertical view of a two locating module of Liftable type in the utility model submerged plant quality purifying device for water;
Fig. 2 is the side schematic view of the two locating module of Liftable type shown in Fig. 1 when being in field planting water level;
The two locating module of Liftable type shown in Fig. 3 Fig. 1 is in side schematic view during fixed growth water level water level;
In figure: 1-mattress main body, the upper rectangle frame of 11-, rectangle frame under 12-, 13-vertical connecting tube, 14-water-in, 15-air outlet, 16-foam supporting plate, 17-plastics planting pot, 18-submerged plant, 2-buoyancy system, rectangle frame in 21-, the outer rectangle frame of 22-, 23-horizontal brace rod, 24-cystose, 25-line is pricked, and 26-UPVC manages, 27-UPVC elbow, 28-UPVC threeway, 3-connection cord, 4-water level.
Embodiment
The utility model is set forth further below in conjunction with accompanying drawing and case study on implementation for the ease of it will be appreciated by those skilled in the art that.
The two positioning module blocking submerged plant quality purifying device for water of a kind of lift of the utility model, comprise the two locating module of multiple Liftable type, as shown in Figure 1, Figure 2 and Figure 3, the two locating module of each Liftable type comprises mattress main body 1 and buoyancy system 2, is provided with adjustable connection cord 3 between described mattress main body 1 and buoyancy system 2.
Described buoyancy system 2 comprises frame-type and supports, described frame-type supports and is made up of rectangle frame 21 and outer rectangle frame 22 in inside and outside mutually nested layout, the size of the outer rectangle frame 22 of buoyancy system 2 can be 5.05 × 4.4m, the size of interior rectangle frame 21 can be 4.45 × 3.8m, 25cm is spaced apart between interior rectangle frame 21 and outer rectangle frame, horizontal brace rod 23 is provided with between interior rectangle frame 21 and outer rectangle frame 22, described interior rectangle frame 21 and outer rectangle frame 22 are formed by connecting by pvc pipe and UPVC elbow, described horizontal brace rod 23 adopts pvc pipe, described horizontal brace rod 23 all adopts UPVC threeway to be connected with between described interior rectangle frame 21 and outer rectangle frame 22, described frame-type supports upper binding cystose 24, the line adopting 1cm wide between described frame-type support with cystose 24 is pricked 25 and is bundled.
Described mattress main body 1 comprises the mattress regulation of level framework that a PVC makes, described mattress regulation of level framework is divided into two-layer up and down, the upper rectangle frame 11 identical by shape and lower rectangle frame 12 are formed, be communicated with by vertical connecting tube between two-layer, the length and width size of mattress regulation of level framework can be 3.95 × 3.30m, and the height of heavy bed regulation of level framework can be 0.4m, upper rectangle frame 11 in described mattress regulation of level framework and the shape of lower rectangle frame 12 are less than the interior rectangle frame 21 in buoyancy system 2, vertical connecting tube 13 is provided with between described upper rectangle frame 11 and lower rectangle frame 12, latticed pipe connecting is provided with in described lower rectangle frame 12, thus define the lower floor of grid structure, described upper rectangle frame 11 and lower rectangle frame 12 are formed by connecting by pvc pipe and UPVC elbow, described latticed pipe connecting is formed by connecting by pvc pipe and UPVC four-way, described vertical connecting tube 13 adopts pvc pipe, described latticed pipe connecting and between described upper rectangle frame 11 and lower rectangle frame 12, described vertical connecting tube 13 all adopts UPVC threeway to be connected with between described upper rectangle frame 11 and lower rectangle frame 12, described upper rectangle frame 11, lower rectangle frame 12, latticed pipe connecting forms a space be communicated with vertical connecting tube 13 inside, described lower rectangle frame 12 is provided with a water-in 14, described upper rectangle frame is provided with an air outlet 15, described water-in 14 has two, described air outlet 15 has two, described water-in 14 and air outlet 15 place are provided with valve respectively.The grid structure of lower floor is equipped with foam supporting plate 16, described foam supporting plate 16 lashes to tie up by line and is fixed on described lower rectangle frame 12, described foam supporting plate 16 has dug out multiple hole, the grid position one_to_one corresponding that each hole and latticed pipe connecting are formed, hole is for placing kind of the plastics planting pot 17 having submerged plant 18, be covered with the thick soil of 8cm in plastics planting pot 17 as matrix, soil layer established again and is covered with the thick sand of 2cm.
Described adjustable connection cord 3 has four and is connected to the corner place between the upper rectangle frame 11 of mattress main body 1 and the interior rectangle frame 21 of buoyancy system 2.The length of described connection cord 3 can according to water level, and the factors such as water body transparence regulate.
The utility model is by taking out to mattress main body 1 lower portion the sink-float that the mode of pouring water realizes mattress main body 1, and when submerged plant 18 is just planted down, employing field planting water level is as shown in Figure 2 by plant fixing, and now do not pour water in mattress main body 1 inside.The upper rectangle frame of mattress main body 1 flushes with the water surface 4.When submerged plant 18 grows into a fixed length (height) degree, when having larger biomass, pour water to mattress main body 1 inside from water-in 14 with water pump, simultaneously, open air outlet 15 to be vented, when mattress main body 1 sinks to the position of normal growth as shown in Figure 3, stop pouring water, shut the valve at water-in 14 and air outlet 15 place, submerged plant 18 is in this position continued growth.Mattress main body 1 is made to be positioned at different water levels, can by control to pour water in the hollow frame of mattress main body 1 number and regulate the length of connection cord 3 to reconcile the vertical depth of mattress main body 1 in water body, realize reconciling this degree of depth with the growth requirement of satisfied different submerged plant with water transparency difference.
The selection of submerged plant 18 in the utility model, can reasonably select according to the difference of the difference of region and process water quality and arrange in pairs or groups, along with the raising of water transparency, by control to pour water in mattress main body 1 number and the length conciliation vertical depth of mattress in water body of adjusting rope 3, mattress is made to be in submerged plant optimum growh and photosynthetic ecological niche, solve transparency in submerged plant repair process, light compensation point and change of water quality are to the restriction of submerged plant growth, make the safe survival and growth of submerged plant, form stable vegetation under water, constantly purify water, and then improve the ecotope of water body, recover original ecosystem, recover the self-purification capacity of water body.Preferred submerged plant 18 is local resistant kind, and get plant top 10 ~ 15cm and plant, effects of purification quality is relevant with planting density, and preferred planting density is 0.5 ~ 1kg/m 3.
According to the particular case of water body, two for multiple Liftable type locating module can be arranged in different forms and be arranged in water body, e.g., water body central authorities can be placed on and also can be arranged in both sides etc.
Although be described the utility model by reference to the accompanying drawings above; but the utility model is not limited to above-mentioned embodiment; above-mentioned embodiment is only schematic; instead of it is restrictive; those of ordinary skill in the art is under enlightenment of the present utility model; when not departing from the utility model aim, can also make a lot of distortion, these all belong within protection of the present utility model.

Claims (8)

1. the two positioning module blocking submerged plant quality purifying device for water of lift, comprises the two locating module of multiple Liftable type, and the two locating module of each Liftable type comprises mattress main body (1) and buoyancy system (2), it is characterized in that:
Described buoyancy system (2) comprises frame-type and supports, described frame-type supports and is made up of rectangle frame (21) in inside and outside mutually nested layout and outer rectangle frame (22), be provided with horizontal brace rod (23) between interior rectangle frame (21) and outer rectangle frame (22), described frame-type supports upper binding cystose (24);
Described mattress main body (1) comprises the mattress regulation of level framework that a PVC makes, described mattress regulation of level framework comprises the identical upper rectangle frame (11) of shape and lower rectangle frame (12), vertical connecting tube (13) is provided with between described upper rectangle frame (11) and lower rectangle frame (12), latticed pipe connecting is provided with in described lower rectangle frame (12), described upper rectangle frame (11), lower rectangle frame (12), latticed pipe connecting forms a space be communicated with vertical connecting tube (13) inside, described lower rectangle frame (12) is provided with a water-in (14), described upper rectangle frame is provided with an air outlet (15), described water-in (14) and air outlet (15) place are provided with valve respectively, described lower rectangle frame (12) is fixed with a foam supporting plate (16), described foam supporting plate (16) is provided with multiple hole, the grid position one_to_one corresponding that each hole and latticed pipe connecting are formed, be embedded with a plastics planting pot (17) in each cavity, plant in each plastics planting pot and be implanted with submerged plant (18),
Adjustable connection cord (3) is provided with between described mattress main body (1) and buoyancy system (2).
2. the two positioning module blocking submerged plant quality purifying device for water of a kind of lift according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, the upper rectangle frame (11) in described mattress regulation of level framework and the shape of lower rectangle frame (12) are less than the interior rectangle frame (21) in buoyancy system (2).
3. the two positioning module blocking submerged plant quality purifying device for water of a kind of lift according to claim 1, is characterized in that, the interior rectangle frame (21) in described buoyancy system and be spaced apart 25cm between outer rectangle frame.
4. the two positioning module blocking submerged plant quality purifying device for water of a kind of lift according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, described interior rectangle frame (21) and outer rectangle frame (22) are formed by connecting by pvc pipe and UPVC elbow, described horizontal brace rod (23) adopts pvc pipe, and described horizontal brace rod (23) all adopts UPVC threeway to be connected with between described interior rectangle frame (21) and outer rectangle frame (22).
5. the two positioning module blocking submerged plant quality purifying device for water of a kind of lift according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, described upper rectangle frame (11) and lower rectangle frame (12) are formed by connecting by pvc pipe and UPVC elbow, described latticed pipe connecting is formed by connecting by pvc pipe and UPVC four-way, described vertical connecting tube (13) adopts pvc pipe, described latticed pipe connecting and between described upper rectangle frame (11) and lower rectangle frame (12), described vertical connecting tube (13) all adopts UPVC threeway to be connected with between described upper rectangle frame (11) and lower rectangle frame (12).
6. the two positioning module blocking submerged plant quality purifying device for water of a kind of lift according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, described adjustable connection cord (3) has four and is connected to the corner place between the upper rectangle frame (11) of mattress main body (1) and the interior rectangle frame (21) of buoyancy system (2).
7. the two positioning module blocking submerged plant quality purifying device for water of a kind of lift according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, described water-in (14) has two, and described air outlet (15) have two.
8. the two positioning module blocking submerged plant quality purifying device for water of a kind of lift according to claim 1, is characterized in that, described frame-type supports the line adopting 1cm wide between cystose (24) and lashes and ties up.
CN201420662632.XU 2014-11-06 2014-11-06 The two positioning module blocking submerged plant quality purifying device for water of a kind of lift Expired - Fee Related CN204198495U (en)

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104355409A (en) * 2014-11-06 2015-02-18 天津大学 Lift type double positioning modularized submerged plant water purifying device
CN108395000A (en) * 2018-04-27 2018-08-14 北京科技大学 A kind of landscape ecological floating bed of scalable light transmission

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104355409A (en) * 2014-11-06 2015-02-18 天津大学 Lift type double positioning modularized submerged plant water purifying device
CN108395000A (en) * 2018-04-27 2018-08-14 北京科技大学 A kind of landscape ecological floating bed of scalable light transmission
CN108395000B (en) * 2018-04-27 2020-08-25 北京科技大学 Scalable non-light tight view ecology floats bed

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Granted publication date: 20150311

Termination date: 20161106