CN203530027U - Section rod supporting type submerged plant planting mesh bed - Google Patents

Section rod supporting type submerged plant planting mesh bed Download PDF

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Publication number
CN203530027U
CN203530027U CN201320659592.9U CN201320659592U CN203530027U CN 203530027 U CN203530027 U CN 203530027U CN 201320659592 U CN201320659592 U CN 201320659592U CN 203530027 U CN203530027 U CN 203530027U
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China
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submerged plant
plant planting
bed
water
utility
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Expired - Fee Related
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CN201320659592.9U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
吴海龙
邵留
刘媛媛
何培民
霍元子
于克锋
温文科
吴建勇
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Shanghai Maritime University
Shanghai Ocean University
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Shanghai Maritime University
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02WCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO WASTEWATER TREATMENT OR WASTE MANAGEMENT
    • Y02W10/00Technologies for wastewater treatment
    • Y02W10/30Wastewater or sewage treatment systems using renewable energies
    • Y02W10/37Wastewater or sewage treatment systems using renewable energies using solar energy

Abstract

The utility model discloses a section rod supporting type submerged plant planting mesh bed which comprises a submerged plant planting bed and four fixing piles, wherein the four fixing piles are arranged in a two-row two-line manner, and are respectively fixed at the bottoms of water bodies on two sides of a riverway and at the bottom of the water body at the end part of the riverway; the submerged plant planting bed is rectangle; four corners of the submerged plant planting bed are respectively connected with the four fixing piles through mooring ropes. According to the utility model, the section rod supporting type submerged plant planting mesh bed can enable aquatic plants to grow in an illumination range in suspension, the position of the mesh bed can be adjusted along with the variation of water levels, the section number of the assembly and the heights of the piles can be correspondingly adjusted, lake environment and living environment of other creatures can be improved to a certain degree, deep water quality purification and biodiversity are achieved, the functions of aquatic animal inhabiting, alga inhibition and landscape aesthetics and the like are formed, and in addition, the moving is convenient, the cost is low, and stormy wave can be resisted.

Description

Pole support type submerged plant planting net bed
Technical field
The utility model relates to river course and ecological restoration of lakes and urban waters landscape design field, particularly relates to a kind of pole support type submerged plant planting net bed.
Background technology
In recent years, body eutrophication problem has been subject to whole world lakes and marhshes and environmentalism expert's extensive concern.The most of river course of China, lake ecological environment worsen, mankind's activity reduces even lake aquatic macrophyte to the aggravation of lake ecosystem impact to disappear gradually, recovers one of main contents that large-scale aquatic vegetation becomes nutrition enriched shallow lake restoration of the ecosystem.
Aquatic macrophyte is the important component part of water ecosystem, their common lake aquatic vegetations forming play a very important role in lake ecological balance, it is the hinge of material cycle in lake ecosystem, Conversion of energy, there are significant primary productivity Function and environment ecological functions, they are lived in same lake environment with other hydrobionts, when having certain Population, can improve to a certain extent the living environment of lake environment and other biological.The main environment ecological functions of its highly significant comprise: profound purification function, species diversity and formation hydrocoles habitat function, suppress algae function and aesthetic of landscape function etc.
Submerged vegetation can effectively be repaired by absorbed nitrogen, phosphorus and the reply eutrophication water that gram comes into force.Photosynthesis is the most important Metabolic activity of submerged plant, and the photosynthesis of submerged plant is subject to the restriction of low light photograph conventionally.Due to the impact of water body solute, suspended particle and the depth of water, solar luminous energy is decayed rapidly, and in the loss (10% left and right) of air and water intersection, the phenomenon of illumination deficiency the most easily occurs in water body in addition.It is generally acknowledged, the not enough incident light of water-bed light intensity 1% time, submerged plant just can not be settled down.The Photosynthetic Characteristics such as the photosynthetic light compensation point of submerged plant, have determined full depth and photosynthetic yield and competitive capacity that submerged plant can distribute under water.
Because whole plant materials is immersed in water completely, be subject to coercing of the Water Factors such as transparency, substrate, stormy waves the most obvious.Polluted-water transparency is low, and Underwater Optical is according to not enough, and submerged plant cannot obtain enough luminous energy.When running into the disaster of unexpected generation, as causing lake level, flood raises, and submerged plant is often because of can not get sufficient illumination, can not carry out normal photosynthetic and respiration and death gradually, and finally cause the exhaustion of submerged vegetation group.Therefore,, although the example that aquatic vegetation recovers is a lot, group's system of restore vegetation is often difficult to stable survival.China also there is no the recovery completely that the ecosystem has been realized in a lake at present.How to recover submerged plant, how to make newly-built Population adaptation environmental change and environmental disaster, and progressively tend towards stability, this is the key that submerged vegetation recovers.
Existing floating bed technology is to utilize the waterplant of planting on the water surface floatable bed body and bed body, by the root system filtration of plant and the pollution substance in absorption sewage, this technology is obvious to the decontamination effect improving of eutrophication water quality, but the plant in floating bed only limits to emergent and the floatingleaved plant that can surface, and has ignored the cleaning action of submerged plant in water body.
There is investigator to propose the concept of adjustable submerged plant planting method, the denomination of invention that is CN101015268 as publication number is " submerged plant planting bed ", introduced the height that regulates implant bed by lifting device rope, give the implantation methods of the best growth conditions of the plant of plantation, and matrix and the nutrition of plant-growth are provided by being fixed on Nutrition Soil on implant bed lathe bed.Also have investigator to propose a kind of method of planting planting submerged plant in lake, but the shortcoming of the method is the submerged plant that can only select unrooted to survive, and can not be with the automatic growth regulation degree of depth of change of level.Patent publication No. is that a kind of continuous adjustable submerged plant planting net bed of CN201777934U has well overcome the restriction of illumination to submerged plant growth, need on net bed, not add matrix simultaneously, but its regulative mode is to regulate the position of net bed in water by bracing wire, between lowstand period, the stake of surfacing has had a strong impact on water surface view.
Utility model content
The utility model is exactly in order to address the above problem, overcome existing problem in the process of eutrophication water quality in prior art, the utility model provides a kind of pole support type submerged plant planting net bed, described pole support type submerged plant planting net bed can be set the submerged plant planting degree of depth according to illumination, and can regulate with change of level, make plant-growth position remain at set depth, when low-water level, can reduce the joint number of stake, the joint number that can increase stake when water level is higher, makes whole landscape effect attractive in appearance.Can improve to a certain extent the living environment of lake environment and other biological simultaneously, there is profound purification, species diversity and form hydrocoles and perch, suppress algae function, meanwhile, be convenient to mobile, cost is low, wind and wave resistance.
To achieve these goals, the technical solution of the utility model is as follows:
A pole support type submerged plant planting net bed, comprises submerged plant planting bed and four spud piles; Described four spud piles are arranged with the form of two row two row, are individually fixed in the water bottom of two sides, river course or end, river course, and described submerged plant planting bed is rectangle, and its four jiaos are connected to four spud piles by hawser.
Described submerged plant planting bed is provided with gravity instrumentality and kickboard.
Described submerged plant planting bed comprises at least one net bed unit, and each adjacent net bed unit is fixed together.
Described hawser overlaps and spud pile by slip-knot.
Described spud pile is the detachable spud pile of segment type, components A and at least one part B, consists of; Described components A and part B are top body diameter and are greater than the coaxial double-cylinder structure of lower cylindrical diameter; The open holes identical with components A lower cylindrical diameter is set on the top cylinder of part B, and components A is connected by open holes successively with part B.
Described spud pile is that corrosion resistant material is made.
Described self-floating submerged plant planting device is for setting the submerged plant planting degree of depth according to illumination, and can be with change of level by regulating the joint number of the assembly unit of stake to regulate the position of net bed in water, make plant-growth position remain at set depth, and keep good water surface view, can be widely used in Study of Water Environment field.
The beneficial effects of the utility model are:
One, spud pile can be selected corrosion resistant stainless steel etc., place for a long time and in water, also can not be out of shape or rot, and there is enough toughness, supporting power is large, sound construction, pile body is the assembling of segment type assembly, can be according to the random adjusting part joint number of water level;
Two, bracing wire and gravity instrumentality can be controlled the net bed bed body degree of depth simultaneously, can maintain the required degree of depth of net bed bed body, and can not exceed its light compensation depth in the situation of water level rising or reduction.
Three, submerged plant planting is convenient, can directly adopt the folder seedling genealogy of law on the net, the scope arranging according to the adjustable in length bed body of polluted river channel.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is the one-piece construction schematic diagram of a kind of described pole support type submerged plant planting net bed of the utility model.
Fig. 2 is a kind of described pole support type submerged plant planting net bed stake components schematic diagram of the utility model.
Fig. 3 is a kind of described pole support type submerged plant planting net bed stake assembly installation process schematic diagram of the utility model.
Embodiment
For technique means, creation characteristic that the utility model is realized, reach object and effect is easy to understand, below in conjunction with concrete diagram, further set forth the utility model.
Pole support type submerged plant planting net bed of the present utility model as shown in Figure 1, comprises submerged plant planting bed 100 and four spud piles 200; Four spud piles are arranged with the form of two row two row, are individually fixed in the water bottom of two sides, river course or end, river course, and submerged plant planting bed is rectangle, and its four jiaos are connected to four spud piles by hawser 300.
Submerged plant planting bed is provided with gravity instrumentality 400 and kickboard 500.
Submerged plant planting bed comprises at least one net bed unit, and each adjacent net bed unit is fixed together.The upper planting aquatic plants 110 of net bed, by the vigorous growth of waterplant, constantly purifies water and improves water transparency, and forming the stable ecosystem under water.
Hawser 300 overlaps and spud pile 200 by slip-knot.
As shown in Figure 2, spud pile 200 described in the utility model is the detachable spud pile of segment type, components A and at least one part B, consists of; Described components A and part B are top body diameter and are greater than the coaxial double-cylinder structure of lower cylindrical diameter; The open holes identical with components A lower cylindrical diameter is set on the top cylinder of part B, and components A is connected by open holes successively with part B, and its installation process as shown in Figure 3.
The waterplant that the utility model is used is for adapting to implant bed life, the waterplant with nitrogen phosphorus receptivity, can select the submerged plants such as waterweed, watermifoil according to the growth characteristics of plant and viability, in the time of plantation, the whole plant with root be planted on implant bed.Common adjusting by kickboard and gravity installation remains in plant the most suitable growth illumination range implant bed.Vigorous growth by waterplant, constantly purifies water and improves water transparency.
Self-floating submerged plant planting device of the present utility model, for a kind of pole support type submerged plant planting net bed, can make aquatic plant suspension be grown in illumination range, and can regulate net bed position with change of level, and corresponding adjusting part joint number is to regulate the height of stake, can improve to a certain extent the living environment of lake environment and other biological, there is profound purification, species diversity and form hydrocoles and perch, suppress algae function and aesthetic of landscape function etc., simultaneously, be convenient to mobile, cost is low, wind and wave resistance.
More than show and described ultimate principle of the present utility model, principal character and advantage of the present utility model.The technician of the industry should understand; the utility model is not restricted to the described embodiments; that in above-described embodiment and specification sheets, describes just illustrates principle of the present utility model; under the prerequisite that does not depart from the utility model spirit and scope, the utility model also has various changes and modifications, and these changes and improvements all fall within the scope of claimed the utility model.The claimed scope of the utility model is defined by appending claims and equivalent thereof.

Claims (5)

1. a pole support type submerged plant planting net bed, is characterized in that, comprises submerged plant planting bed and four spud piles; Described four spud piles are arranged with the form of two row two row, are individually fixed in the water bottom of two sides, river course or end, river course, and described submerged plant planting bed is rectangle, and its four jiaos are connected to four spud piles by hawser.
2. pole support type submerged plant planting net bed according to claim 1, is characterized in that, described submerged plant planting bed is provided with gravity instrumentality and kickboard.
3. pole support type submerged plant planting net bed according to claim 1, is characterized in that, described submerged plant planting bed comprises at least one net bed unit, and each adjacent net bed unit is fixed together.
4. pole support type submerged plant planting net bed according to claim 1, is characterized in that, described hawser overlaps and spud pile by slip-knot.
5. pole support type submerged plant planting net bed according to claim 1, is characterized in that, described spud pile is the detachable spud pile of segment type, components A and at least one part B, consists of; Described components A and part B are top body diameter and are greater than the coaxial double-cylinder structure of lower cylindrical diameter; The open holes identical with components A lower cylindrical diameter is set on the top cylinder of part B, and components A is connected by open holes successively with part B.
CN201320659592.9U 2013-10-24 2013-10-24 Section rod supporting type submerged plant planting mesh bed Expired - Fee Related CN203530027U (en)

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Cited By (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104960631A (en) * 2015-07-02 2015-10-07 山东省水利科学研究院 Anchoring device for fixing biological floating beds under conditions of strong wind, big waves and large water level amplitude
CN106857068A (en) * 2017-01-10 2017-06-20 浙江大学 The submerged plant planting bed and its intensity of illumination adjusting method of full-automatic adjustment height
CN107343452A (en) * 2017-08-24 2017-11-14 江苏仁乐生态治理工程有限公司 One kind is used for lake river course submerged plant planting device
CN108658239A (en) * 2018-08-09 2018-10-16 中国科学院南京地理与湖泊研究所 Bionical Submerged plant communities and its Ecology ameliorative way
CN109566284A (en) * 2018-11-28 2019-04-05 江苏江达生态科技有限公司 A kind of method of quick kind of planting submerged plant
CN110291984A (en) * 2019-08-09 2019-10-01 中国水产科学研究院渔业机械仪器研究所 Raft frame and system for large-scale waters deep water plantation water plant
CN110316827A (en) * 2019-04-26 2019-10-11 扬州海瑞克生物技术有限公司 A kind of plant platform for the lake sewage improvement facilitating installation
CN110330119A (en) * 2019-08-08 2019-10-15 杭州珊瑚环境科技有限公司 A kind of ecological, environmental protective net and preparation method thereof for long-acting promotion water quality
CN110352844A (en) * 2019-08-15 2019-10-22 中国水产科学研究院渔业机械仪器研究所 A kind of floating type culture apparatus of water plant

Cited By (12)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104960631A (en) * 2015-07-02 2015-10-07 山东省水利科学研究院 Anchoring device for fixing biological floating beds under conditions of strong wind, big waves and large water level amplitude
CN106857068A (en) * 2017-01-10 2017-06-20 浙江大学 The submerged plant planting bed and its intensity of illumination adjusting method of full-automatic adjustment height
CN107343452A (en) * 2017-08-24 2017-11-14 江苏仁乐生态治理工程有限公司 One kind is used for lake river course submerged plant planting device
CN108658239A (en) * 2018-08-09 2018-10-16 中国科学院南京地理与湖泊研究所 Bionical Submerged plant communities and its Ecology ameliorative way
CN108658239B (en) * 2018-08-09 2023-11-07 中国科学院南京地理与湖泊研究所 Bionic submerged plant community and water ecology improvement method thereof
CN109566284A (en) * 2018-11-28 2019-04-05 江苏江达生态科技有限公司 A kind of method of quick kind of planting submerged plant
CN110316827A (en) * 2019-04-26 2019-10-11 扬州海瑞克生物技术有限公司 A kind of plant platform for the lake sewage improvement facilitating installation
CN110330119A (en) * 2019-08-08 2019-10-15 杭州珊瑚环境科技有限公司 A kind of ecological, environmental protective net and preparation method thereof for long-acting promotion water quality
CN110330119B (en) * 2019-08-08 2022-02-11 杭州珊瑚环境科技有限公司 Ecological environment-friendly net for long-acting water quality improvement and preparation method thereof
CN110291984A (en) * 2019-08-09 2019-10-01 中国水产科学研究院渔业机械仪器研究所 Raft frame and system for large-scale waters deep water plantation water plant
CN110352844A (en) * 2019-08-15 2019-10-22 中国水产科学研究院渔业机械仪器研究所 A kind of floating type culture apparatus of water plant
CN110352844B (en) * 2019-08-15 2021-11-23 中国水产科学研究院渔业机械仪器研究所 Floating cultivation device of aquatic plant

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Granted publication date: 20140409

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