CN201999795U - Continuous sedimentation type ecological meshed bed for submerged plants - Google Patents

Continuous sedimentation type ecological meshed bed for submerged plants Download PDF

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Publication number
CN201999795U
CN201999795U CN2011200295739U CN201120029573U CN201999795U CN 201999795 U CN201999795 U CN 201999795U CN 2011200295739 U CN2011200295739 U CN 2011200295739U CN 201120029573 U CN201120029573 U CN 201120029573U CN 201999795 U CN201999795 U CN 201999795U
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China
Prior art keywords
bed
meshed
net bed
hawser
submerged plant
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Expired - Lifetime
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CN2011200295739U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
何培民
王阳阳
霍元子
吴海龙
何建华
田晓玲
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Shanghai Maritime University
Shanghai Ocean University
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Shanghai Maritime University
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02WCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO WASTEWATER TREATMENT OR WASTE MANAGEMENT
    • Y02W10/00Technologies for wastewater treatment
    • Y02W10/30Wastewater or sewage treatment systems using renewable energies
    • Y02W10/37Wastewater or sewage treatment systems using renewable energies using solar energy

Abstract

A continuous sedimentation type ecological meshed for submerged plants comprises at least two lines of fixing piles and two rows of fixing piles fixed on both sides, end parts or the middle of a river channel or at the bottoms of water bodies, wherein a mooring rope is connected between two adjacent fixing piles in each line, and is sleeved with the fixing piles via slipknots; a drawing wire is connected at each slipknot of the mooring rope; a meshed bed body is arranged above the mooring rope, and a gravity regulator is arranged under the mooring rope; and the meshed bed body between the fixing piles in each line and each row comprises at least one meshed bed unit, and two adjacent meshed bed units are connected together. In the utility model, the fixing piles are made of corrosion resistant moso bamboos, thereby having good toughness, high supporting power, firm structures and low possibility of deformation or corrosion even though placed in the water for a long time; the drawing wires and the gravity regulators are used for controlling the depth of the meshed bed body and keeping the depth required by the meshed bed body when water level is high or low, so as to prevent the meshed bed body from exceeding the light compensation depth; and the submerged plants can be planted conveniently and can be directly tied on the meshes by the seedling clamping method, and the set range of the bed body can be adjusted according to the length of the polluted river channel.

Description

The ecological net bed of a kind of continuous sedimentation formula submerged plant
Technical field
The utility model relates to river course and lake ecological and repairs the field, relates to the restoration of the ecosystem field of the water body of the lower mud type of transparency that submerged vegetation degenerates, hard die bed specifically, especially relates to the ecological net bed of a kind of continuous sedimentation formula submerged plant.
Background technology
In recent years, lake eutrophication problem has been subjected to whole world lakes and marhshes and environmentalism expert's extensive concern.The most of river course of China, lake ecological environment worsen, mankind's activity makes the lake aquatic macrophyte reduce gradually to the aggravation of lake ecosystem influence even disappears, and recovers one of main contents that large-scale aquatic vegetation becomes the nutrition enriched shallow lake restoration of the ecosystem.
Submerged vegetation can by absorbed nitrogen, phosphorus and gram come into force the reply eutrophication water carry out effective for repairing.Photosynthesis is the most important Metabolic activity of submerged plant, and the photosynthesis of submerged plant is subjected to the restriction of low light photograph usually.Because the influence of water body solute, suspended particle and the depth of water, solar luminous energy is decayed rapidly, in addition in the loss (about 10%) of air and water intersection, and the easiest generation in water body of the insufficient phenomenon of illumination.It is generally acknowledged, 1% o'clock of the not enough incident light of water-bed light intensity, submerged plant just can not be settled down.Photosynthetic features such as the photosynthetic light compensation point of submerged plant have determined full depth and photosynthetic yield and competitive capacity that submerged plant can distribute under water.
Because the whole plants body is immersed in the water fully, it is the most obvious to be subjected to coercing of the water surrounding factors such as transparency, substrate, stormy waves.The polluted-water transparency is low, illumination deficiency under water, and submerged plant can't obtain enough luminous energy.When the disaster that runs into unexpected generation, cause that as flood lake level raises, submerged plant is often because of can not get competent illumination, can not carry out normal photosynthetic and respiration and death gradually, and finally cause the depletion of submerged vegetation group.Therefore, although the example that aquatic vegetation recovers is a lot, the system of group of restore vegetation often is difficult to stable survival.At present China also still none lake realized the recovery fully of the ecosystem.How to recover submerged plant, newly-built population conformed change and environmental disaster, and progressively tend towards stability, this is the key that submerged vegetation recovers.
Existing floating bed technology is to utilize the waterplant of planting on the water surface floatable bed body and bed body, root system by plant filters and absorption pollutants in sewage matter, this technology is apparent in view to the decontamination effect improving of eutrophication water quality, but the plant on the floating bed only limits to the emergent and the floatingleaved plant that can surface, and has ignored the cleaning action of submerged plant in water body.There is the investigator to propose the notion of Liftable type floating bed, Chinese patent application number 200720095011.8 invention disclosed names are called " biological sewage treatment liftable artificial plant floating bed ", having introduced a kind of is the liftable artificial plant floating bed of process object with middle micro polluted source, but this technology is mainly used in and solves the problem that floating bed can't be survived the winter, and does not still have and considers the low restriction to submerged plant growth of transparency.Also have the investigator to propose gradually to sink formula mattress technology, and difference is hung the degree of depth done the transplanting experiment, but the shortcoming of this method is need irregular labor management with the rising and the reduction of water level.
Summary of the invention
At above-mentioned situation, the utility model provides a kind of continuous sedimentation formula submerged plant ecological net bed, adjustment by hawser, support under water and gravity instrumentality, make it to be in optimum growh and photosynthesis ecological niche the integrally-regulated net bed of light level of compensation vertical space waterplant, factors such as light level of compensation, transparency are to the restriction of submerged plant growth in the solution submerged plant recovery process.By submerged plant vigorous growth, constantly purify water and improve water transparency, finally make submerged plant safety end survival and growth, form stable vegetation under water.
To achieve these goals, the technical solution of the utility model is as follows:
The ecological net bed of a kind of continuous sedimentation formula submerged plant is characterized in that comprise that M is capable, N row spud pile, described spud pile is individually fixed in the middle of two sides, river course or the river course or the water bottom at two ends, river course; Be respectively arranged with hawser between each the adjacent fixed stake of every row, described hawser is placed in each spud pile by slip-knot, is connected with backguy at each slip-knot place of hawser; Above hawser, be provided with net bed bed body, below hawser, be provided with the gravity instrumentality.
Described M 〉=N 〉=2.
Described spud pile is columned corrosion resistant mao bamboon.
Net bed bed body between described every adjacent two row, two row spud piles comprises at least one net bed unit, and each adjacent net bed unit of described net bed bed body links together.
Described net bed unit is a rectangle plantation net.
The bracing or strutting arrangement under water that guarantees distance between the hawser and control buoyancy can be set between the hawser of described every adjacent two row spud piles, described bracing or strutting arrangement under water is columned corrosion resistant mao bamboon or pvc pipe, and the two ends of bracing or strutting arrangement are fixed with corresponding hawser respectively under water.
The ecological net bed of described a kind of continuous sedimentation formula submerged plant can zig-zag in the river course be arranged or in-line is arranged.
The beneficial effects of the utility model are:
One, spud pile can be selected corrosion resistant mao bamboon for use, place for a long time also can not be out of shape in the water or rot, and have enough toughness, supporting power is big, sound construction;
Two, the backguy and the gravity instrumentality may command net bed bed body degree of depth can be kept the required degree of depth of net bed bed body, and can not exceed its light level of compensation under the situation of water level rising or reduction;
Three, submerged plant plantation is convenient, can directly adopt the folder seedling genealogy of law on the net, the scope that is provided with according to the adjustable in length bed body of polluted river channel.
Description of drawings
Structural representation when Fig. 1 is provided with two row, two row spud piles for the ecological net bed of a kind of continuous sedimentation formula of the utility model submerged plant.
Fig. 2 looks synoptic diagram for the master of the ecological net bed of a kind of continuous sedimentation formula of the utility model submerged plant.
Fig. 3 is the schematic top plan view of the ecological net bed of a kind of continuous sedimentation formula of the utility model submerged plant.
Fig. 4 is the ecological net bed of a kind of continuous sedimentation formula of the utility model submerged plant in-line discharging modes synoptic diagram in the river course.
Fig. 5 is the ecological net bed of a kind of continuous sedimentation formula of the utility model submerged plant zig-zag discharging modes synoptic diagram in the river course.
Fig. 6 is the synoptic diagram that the net bed bed body 5 of the ecological net bed of a kind of continuous sedimentation formula of the utility model submerged plant adopts the inclined-plane gradient to place in the river course.
Embodiment
For technique means, creation characteristic that the utility model is realized, reach purpose and effect is easy to understand, below in conjunction with concrete diagram, further set forth the utility model.
Referring to Fig. 1, Fig. 2, Fig. 3, Fig. 4, Fig. 5, the ecological net bed 100 of a kind of continuous sedimentation formula submerged plant comprises that M is capable, N row spud pile 1, wherein M 〉=N 〉=2.Described spud pile 1 is individually fixed in the water bottom at the two ends in the centre in the two sides in river course 2 or river course 2 or river course 2; Be respectively arranged with hawser 3 between each the adjacent fixed stake 1 of every row, described hawser 3 is placed in spud pile 1 by slip-knot 3a, is connected with backguy 4 at each slip-knot 3a place of hawser 3; Above hawser 3, be provided with net bed bed body 5, below hawser 3, be provided with gravity instrumentality 6.
Net bed bed body 5 between described every adjacent two row, two row spud piles comprises at least one net bed unit 5a, and each adjacent net bed unit 5a of described net bed bed body 5 links together.Described net bed unit 5a can plant net for rectangle.Described spud pile 1 can be selected columned corrosion resistant mao bamboon for use.
When the hawser 3 between the adjacent two row spud piles of described every adjacent two row spud piles is longer, the bracing or strutting arrangement under water 7 that guarantees distance between the hawser and control buoyancy can be set between two long hawsers 3, described bracing or strutting arrangement under water 7 is columned corrosion resistant mao bamboon or pvc pipe, and the two ends of bracing or strutting arrangement 7 are fixed with corresponding hawser 3 respectively under water.
The utility model adopts the spud pile 1 and the hawser between each spud pile 3 that are fixed in the river bed to regulate the degree of depth of netting bed bed body 5, hawser 3 is by slip-knot 3a cover and spud pile 1, each slip-knot 3a place at hawser 3 is connected with backguy 4, the position that spud pile 1 surfaces is fixed in the adjustable side of backguy 4, so that in water surface operation backguy 4.Net bed bed body 5 is controlled its buoyancy under water by gravity instrumentality 6, if hawser 3 is long, then as shown in Figure 3, so that bracing or strutting arrangement 7 is fixing, to guarantee distance between the hawser, also can play the control buoyancy function simultaneously under water between two hawsers 3; Submerged plant is planted on net bed unit 5a (as adopting folder seedling method), each net bed unit 5a has certain long-width ratio, can control the whole length and width of net bed bed body 5 according to the length and width of repairing the river course, can control the degree of depth of net bed in water by the length of regulating backguy 4, realize regulating the depth of water with the difference of transparency.
The planting patterns of the utility model waterplant can lie in the whole plant that has root on the net bed unit 5a according to the submerged plant that growth characteristics and the viability of plant select waterweed, hydrilla verticillata, green cup plant etc. can sprout the stem sprouting.Raising along with water transparency, by hawser 3, the degree of depth of bracing or strutting arrangement 7 and gravity instrumentality 6 timely adjustment net bed bed bodies 5 under water, be in optimum growh and photosynthesis ecological niche the integrally-regulated net bed of light level of compensation vertical space waterplant, solved of the restriction of factors such as light level of compensation during submerged plant recovers, transparency submerged plant growth.By submerged plant vigorous growth, constantly purify water and improve water transparency, finally make submerged plant safety end survival and growth, form vegetation under the stabilize water.
According to the practical situation in river course, the ecological net bed of described a kind of continuous sedimentation formula submerged plant can be arranged with different forms in the river course, can adopt in-line shown in Figure 4 to arrange such as maybe considering at broad in the narrower river course in navigation channel.At narrow, dark type silt water body, net bed bed body 5 can be arranged at the more shallow degree of depth at the lower river course upstream of transparency, the higher zone of transparency increases the degree of depth of net bed bed body 5 successively downstream, and can be set to as described in Figure 5 zig-zag discharging modes according to channel width, to avoid influencing the navigation channel.And the bed unit of whenever throwing the net 5a can select one or more plants to plant simultaneously.Wherein, net bed bed body 5 can also adopt inclined-plane gradient as shown in Figure 6 to place, and this inclined-plane gradient is placed can effectively save the space, makes the cross section, river course form one deck plant filter screen, and effect is better in the little river course of flow velocity.
Advantage of the present utility model is:
One, spud pile can be selected corrosion resistant mao bamboon for use, place for a long time also can not be out of shape in the water or rot, and have enough toughness, supporting power is big, sound construction;
Two, the backguy and the gravity instrumentality may command net bed bed body degree of depth can be kept the required degree of depth of net bed bed body, and can not exceed its light level of compensation under the situation of water level rising or reduction;
Three, submerged plant plantation is convenient, can directly adopt the folder seedling genealogy of law on the net, the scope that is provided with according to the adjustable in length bed body of polluted river channel.
Hard substrate, the depth of water are dark, transparency is relatively poor, pollute unfavourable condition such as more serious but continuous decanter type waterplant floating bed of the utility model and use technology thereof can well overcome, and realize that the quick transplanting of submerged plant resistant kind and group make up.
More than show and described ultimate principle of the present utility model, principal character and advantage of the present utility model.The technician of the industry should understand; the utility model is not restricted to the described embodiments; that describes in the foregoing description and the specification sheets just illustrates principle of the present utility model; the utility model also has various changes and modifications under the prerequisite that does not break away from the utility model spirit and scope, and these changes and improvements all fall in claimed the utility model scope.The claimed scope of the utility model is defined by appending claims and equivalent thereof.

Claims (7)

1. the ecological net bed of continuous sedimentation formula submerged plant is characterized in that comprise that M is capable, N row spud pile, described spud pile is individually fixed in the middle of two sides, river course or the river course or the water bottom at two ends, river course; Be respectively arranged with hawser between each the adjacent fixed stake of every row, described hawser is placed in spud pile by slip-knot, is connected with backguy at each slip-knot place of hawser; Above hawser, be provided with net bed bed body, below hawser, be provided with the gravity instrumentality.
2. the ecological net bed of a kind of continuous sedimentation formula submerged plant according to claim 1 is characterized in that M 〉=N 〉=2.
3. the ecological net bed of a kind of continuous sedimentation formula submerged plant according to claim 1 is characterized in that described spud pile is columned corrosion resistant mao bamboon.
4. the ecological net bed of a kind of continuous sedimentation formula submerged plant according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, net bed bed body between described every adjacent two row, two row spud piles comprises at least one net bed unit, and each adjacent net bed unit of described net bed bed body links together.
5. the ecological net bed of a kind of continuous sedimentation formula submerged plant according to claim 4 is characterized in that, described net bed unit is a rectangle plantation net.
6. the ecological net bed of a kind of continuous sedimentation formula submerged plant according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, be provided with the bracing or strutting arrangement under water that guarantees distance between the hawser and control buoyancy between the hawser of described every adjacent two row spud piles, described bracing or strutting arrangement under water is columned corrosion resistant mao bamboon or pvc pipe, and the two ends of bracing or strutting arrangement are fixed with corresponding hawser respectively under water.
7. the ecological net bed of a kind of continuous sedimentation formula submerged plant according to claim 1 is characterized in that, the ecological net bed of described a kind of continuous sedimentation formula submerged plant indention in the river course is arranged or in-line is arranged.
CN2011200295739U 2011-01-28 2011-01-28 Continuous sedimentation type ecological meshed bed for submerged plants Expired - Lifetime CN201999795U (en)

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Cited By (12)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103650969A (en) * 2013-12-13 2014-03-26 宁波清泉水生态科技有限公司 Device for planting submerged plants and cultivation method based on device for planting submerged plants
CN103663714A (en) * 2013-12-21 2014-03-26 上海海洋大学 Double-layer net bed for repairing water by planting submerged plants and water repairing method
CN103749145A (en) * 2014-02-10 2014-04-30 天津市水利科学研究院 Submerged plant modularized growth bed and method for recovering growth of underwater submerged plant
CN104960631A (en) * 2015-07-02 2015-10-07 山东省水利科学研究院 Anchoring device for fixing biological floating beds under conditions of strong wind, big waves and large water level amplitude
CN104973219A (en) * 2015-07-02 2015-10-14 山东省水利科学研究院 Bio-floating bed layout and anchorage method adopted under conditions of strong stormy wave and large water level amplitude
CN107902762A (en) * 2017-12-29 2018-04-13 宁波甬骋智能科技有限公司 A kind of river wastewater controlling device
CN107926671A (en) * 2017-11-29 2018-04-20 上海海洋大学 A kind of method of suspension type ecologic planting submerged plant
CN108243934A (en) * 2018-01-12 2018-07-06 上海海洋大学 A kind of system of quick adjusting submerged plant planting density
CN110291984A (en) * 2019-08-09 2019-10-01 中国水产科学研究院渔业机械仪器研究所 Raft frame and system for large-scale waters deep water plantation water plant
CN110352844A (en) * 2019-08-15 2019-10-22 中国水产科学研究院渔业机械仪器研究所 A kind of floating type culture apparatus of water plant
CN110810158A (en) * 2019-10-28 2020-02-21 江苏江达生态科技有限公司 Method for constructing underwater grass blanket foundation bed
CN111851397A (en) * 2020-06-29 2020-10-30 中生源(海南)生态环境发展有限公司 Straight bank river course ecological transformation device

Cited By (14)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103650969A (en) * 2013-12-13 2014-03-26 宁波清泉水生态科技有限公司 Device for planting submerged plants and cultivation method based on device for planting submerged plants
CN103663714A (en) * 2013-12-21 2014-03-26 上海海洋大学 Double-layer net bed for repairing water by planting submerged plants and water repairing method
CN103749145A (en) * 2014-02-10 2014-04-30 天津市水利科学研究院 Submerged plant modularized growth bed and method for recovering growth of underwater submerged plant
CN103749145B (en) * 2014-02-10 2016-01-20 天津市水利科学研究院 Submerged plant modularization is growth bed and recover the method for water-bed submerged plant growth
CN104960631A (en) * 2015-07-02 2015-10-07 山东省水利科学研究院 Anchoring device for fixing biological floating beds under conditions of strong wind, big waves and large water level amplitude
CN104973219A (en) * 2015-07-02 2015-10-14 山东省水利科学研究院 Bio-floating bed layout and anchorage method adopted under conditions of strong stormy wave and large water level amplitude
CN107926671A (en) * 2017-11-29 2018-04-20 上海海洋大学 A kind of method of suspension type ecologic planting submerged plant
CN107902762A (en) * 2017-12-29 2018-04-13 宁波甬骋智能科技有限公司 A kind of river wastewater controlling device
CN107902762B (en) * 2017-12-29 2021-06-11 广东德隆裕鑫环境科技有限公司 River sewage treatment device
CN108243934A (en) * 2018-01-12 2018-07-06 上海海洋大学 A kind of system of quick adjusting submerged plant planting density
CN110291984A (en) * 2019-08-09 2019-10-01 中国水产科学研究院渔业机械仪器研究所 Raft frame and system for large-scale waters deep water plantation water plant
CN110352844A (en) * 2019-08-15 2019-10-22 中国水产科学研究院渔业机械仪器研究所 A kind of floating type culture apparatus of water plant
CN110810158A (en) * 2019-10-28 2020-02-21 江苏江达生态科技有限公司 Method for constructing underwater grass blanket foundation bed
CN111851397A (en) * 2020-06-29 2020-10-30 中生源(海南)生态环境发展有限公司 Straight bank river course ecological transformation device

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