CN203748266U - Reversed-umbrella-shaped fruit collecting device - Google Patents

Reversed-umbrella-shaped fruit collecting device Download PDF

Info

Publication number
CN203748266U
CN203748266U CN201420079278.8U CN201420079278U CN203748266U CN 203748266 U CN203748266 U CN 203748266U CN 201420079278 U CN201420079278 U CN 201420079278U CN 203748266 U CN203748266 U CN 203748266U
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
tarpaulin
fruit
fabric drum
cloth
fruits
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Withdrawn - After Issue
Application number
CN201420079278.8U
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
杜小强
倪柯楠
武传宇
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Zhejiang Sci Tech University ZSTU
Zhejiang University of Science and Technology ZUST
Original Assignee
Zhejiang Sci Tech University ZSTU
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Zhejiang Sci Tech University ZSTU filed Critical Zhejiang Sci Tech University ZSTU
Priority to CN201420079278.8U priority Critical patent/CN203748266U/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN203748266U publication Critical patent/CN203748266U/en
Withdrawn - After Issue legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

Links

Abstract

The utility model relates to a reversed-umbrella-shaped fruit collecting device which has the advantages of being convenient to operate, simple in structure, adjustable in working range and convenient to carry. According to the technical scheme, the reversed-umbrella-shaped fruit collecting device is characterized in that the fruit collecting device comprises a group of cloth rolling cylinder units which are arranged around a fruit tree to be of a polygon structure with an opening. A fruit collecting awning cloth of each cloth rolling cylinder unit extends to the fruit tree from the opening and is fixed on the fruit tree. A connecting awning cloth is arranged at the opening. The connecting awning cloth extends out to the fruit tree and is fixed on the fruit tree. Adjacent fruit collecting awning cloths are spliced, and the connecting awning cloth and the fruit collecting awning cloths on the two sides are spliced. A polygon cloth face for receiving falling-off fruits is formed. The middle portion of the polygon cloth face is concave downwards, and a reversed umbrella shape through which the fruits can be well gathered in the middle is formed.

Description

The collector for fruits of falling umbrella shape
Technical field
The utility model relates to Machinery for orchard technical field, is specifically related to a kind of collector for fruits.
Background technology
China is the big country of Production of fruit and consumption in the world, and since the eighties in last century, the fruit of China is produced and is developed rapidly, and fruit industry has become the third-largest industry of ranking in plant husbandry after grain, vegetables.From 1993 so far, China's fruit gross area and gross yield are sure to occupy the first in the world, approximately 1.67 hundred million mu of national orchard areas in 2009,1.22 hundred million tons of output always, account for respectively 20.1% and 18.8% of world's fruit total amount, wherein first of the output Jun Ju world of apple, oranges and tangerines and pears.
Orchard harvest operation has the advantages that labour intensity is large, seasonal stronger, and current domestic results technology also rests on artificial harvesting, picks up level of operation.Clearly, orchard worker's labour cost is high for the shortcoming of artificial results, manpower shortage, and picking efficiency is on the low side, and easily causes fruit breakage, is unfavorable for storage.Although existing part orchard adopts mechanical type results, is subject to the impact of the factor such as landform, fruit tree spacing, has restricted to a certain extent using and promoting of harvest machinery, particularly outstanding on the impact of collecting fruit.
Therefore, along with the development of the market demand, rely on the collection mode manually picked up cannot meet the requirement of current productivity, for easy and simple to handle, be easy to carry about with one, the demand of gathering unit that collection efficiency is high is obviously very urgent.Through the Searches of Patent Literature, the domestic collector for fruits of having developed has at present: (1) patent No. is 200820130926.2, and the umbrella shape of falling connects fruit device, and this device needs tractor to drive, and is not suitable for dense planting orchard; (2) patent No. is 201020262028.X, movable simple fruit collection device, although conveniently moving, mechanism is more complicated; (3) patent No. is 201020555578.0, a kind of collector for fruits, and because collecting fruit net separates with telescope support, parts are more not portable, and it is non-adjustable to collect area; (4) patent No. is 201120472444.7, removable collector for fruits, and skeleton stent length is non-adjustable, collects area limited.
Utility model content
Technical problem to be solved in the utility model is the deficiency that overcomes above-mentioned background technology, and a kind of collector for fruits is provided, and this collector for fruits should have the feature easy to operate, simple in structure, job area is adjustable, easy to carry.
For realizing above object, the technical solution adopted in the utility model is:
The collector for fruits of falling umbrella shape, it is characterized in that: described collector for fruits comprises one group of fabric drum unit, this group fabric drum unit is arranged to have the polygonized structure of opening around fruit tree, the collecting fruit tarpaulin of each fabric drum unit stretches out and is fixed on fruit tree towards fruit tree; Described opening part is provided with a connection tarpaulin, and this connection tarpaulin stretches out from described opening towards fruit tree and is fixed on fruit tree; Between adjacent collecting fruit tarpaulin and between connection tarpaulin and the collecting fruit tarpaulin of both sides, splice mutually, form one for the drop polygon cloth cover of fruit of access, the middle part of this polygon cloth cover is beneficial to form the umbrella shape of falling that fruit concentrates to middle part to lower recess.
Described fabric drum unit comprise a hollow fabric drum, be installed in rotation on cloth-winding core axis and the described collecting fruit tarpaulin of rolling on cloth-winding core axis in fabric drum, one end of fabric drum is provided with one for driving cloth-winding core axis to rotate the motor with rolling or release collecting fruit tarpaulin, and the leading flank of fabric drum offers the tarpaulin stretching along self length direction and imports and exports.
Described fabric drum is arranged on the ground by the telescope support of bottom, telescope support comprises two L shaped upper brackets and a lower carriage, the two ends of described lower carriage are shaped with respectively a vertical rod straight up, by thread complete set, vertical section with a described L shaped upper bracket is fixedly connected with respectively in the upper end of every vertical rod, and the horizontal segment of L shaped upper bracket is hinged on the bottom surface of fabric drum.
The openable top cover of end face of described fabric drum, the trailing flank of fabric drum is shaped with two annulus and each annulus is connected with respectively iron chains, described two root posts are respectively shaped with an annulus for being connected with iron chains, and the underrun road wheel support of fabric drum is provided with road wheel.
Described cloth-winding core axis is hollow shaft, and the two ends of cloth-winding core axis are respectively equipped with at least one for clamping the spring clip of collecting fruit tarpaulin.
The expansion shape of described collecting fruit tarpaulin is isosceles trapezoid, the bottom of collecting fruit tarpaulin is clamped on cloth-winding core axis by described spring clip, the upper base of collecting fruit tarpaulin is shaped with for passing elastic threads and being fixed on the cloth cylinder on fruit tree, and the dual-side of collecting fruit tarpaulin is respectively equipped with the magic tape for splicing adjacent collecting fruit tarpaulin.
The end face of described collecting fruit tarpaulin and bottom surface are fixed with respectively the block that prevents the excessive rolling of collecting fruit tarpaulin, and described block is positioned at collecting fruit tarpaulin one end near fruit tree; Upside or downside that described tarpaulin is imported and exported are provided with the switch corresponding with stop location, and this switch is connected with described motor.
The underrun bolt of described fabric drum is provided with a L shaped connecting plate being connected with other fabric drum when mobile.
The dual-side of described connection tarpaulin is respectively equipped with magic tape.
Described block is cuboid, comprises the block tarpaulin that surrounding is connected with described collecting fruit tarpaulin, and the inside of block tarpaulin is filled with sponge.
The beneficial effect the utlity model has is: the agent structure of the collector for fruits of falling umbrella shape is the polygon plane that fabric drum unit surrounds, and the fruit dropping can slip into center along collecting fruit tarpaulin; Compared with picking up with Traditional Man, this collector for fruits has greatly alleviated orchard worker's labour intensity, has improved efficiency of crop, and the quality of fruit is also ensured reliably; Compared with similar products, this collector for fruits has the large and adjustable feature of harvest area, can make harvest operation reach optimum efficiency, and landform adaptability is better, can large-area applications gather in the crops in orchard; In addition, this collector for fruits, with road wheel, is convenient to carrying and mobile.
Brief description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is main TV structure schematic diagram of the present utility model.
Fig. 2 is plan structure schematic diagram of the present utility model.
Fig. 3 is the structural representation of fabric drum unit in the utility model.
Fig. 4 is that enlarged diagram is looked on a left side of Fig. 3.
Fig. 5 is the main TV structure schematic diagram of telescope support in the utility model.
Fig. 6 is the enlarged diagram of A portion in Fig. 5..
Fig. 7 is the perspective view of telescope support in the utility model.
Fig. 8 is cloth-winding core axis and collecting fruit tarpaulin assembling schematic diagram in the utility model.
Fig. 9 is the enlarged diagram of B portion in Fig. 8.
Figure 10 is collecting fruit tarpaulin and connect the structural representation of tarpaulin in the utility model.
Figure 11 is the enlarged diagram of C portion in Figure 10.
Figure 12 is the utility model transportable state structure schematic diagram (rolling of collecting fruit tarpaulin).
Figure 13 is the left TV structure schematic diagram of Figure 12.
Figure 14 is the syndeton schematic diagram of adjacent fabric drum unit in Figure 11.
Figure 15 is the structural representation of L shaped connecting plate in Figure 14.
Figure 16 is the left TV structure schematic diagram of Figure 15.
Embodiment
Below in conjunction with Figure of description, the utility model is described in further detail, but the utility model is not limited to following examples.
As shown in Figure 1 and Figure 2, the collector for fruits of falling umbrella shape, comprise that (quantity is determined as required in one group of fabric drum unit 1, in figure, be 6 fabric drum unit), this group fabric drum unit is arranged to have the polygonized structure of opening around fruit tree, the collecting fruit tarpaulin 7 of each fabric drum unit stretches out and is fixed on fruit tree by elastic threads 10 towards fruit tree.Described opening part is provided with a connection tarpaulin 2, and this connection tarpaulin stretches out from described opening towards fruit tree and is fixed on fruit tree; Between adjacent collecting fruit tarpaulin and between connection tarpaulin and the collecting fruit tarpaulin of both sides, splice mutually, form one for the drop polygon cloth cover (figure be positive seven distortion) of fruit of access, the middle part of this polygon cloth cover to lower recess taking form be beneficial to that fruit concentrates to middle part fall umbrella shape (middle part is as minimum point).
Described fabric drum unit comprise a hollow fabric drum 1-1, be installed in rotation on cloth-winding core axis 1-4 and the described collecting fruit tarpaulin 7 of rolling on cloth-winding core axis in fabric drum, one end of fabric drum is provided with one for driving cloth-winding core axis to rotate the motor 6 with rolling or release collecting fruit tarpaulin, and the leading flank of fabric drum offers the tarpaulin stretching along self length direction and imports and exports 1-3.
Described fabric drum is arranged on the ground by the telescope support 3 of bottom, telescope support comprises two L shaped upper bracket 3-1 and a lower carriage 3-2, it is one-body molded that the two ends of described lower carriage are shaped with respectively vertical rod 3-3(vertical rod and a lower carriage straight up), by thread complete set 8, vertical section with a described L shaped upper bracket is fixedly connected with respectively in the upper end of every vertical rod, and the articulated stand 1-5 of the horizontal segment of L shaped upper bracket and fabric drum bottom surface is hinged.Described thread complete set comprises and is fixed on the upper swivel nut 8-1 of upper bracket and is fixed on the lower swivel nut 8-2 in vertical rod, and upper swivel nut and lower swivel nut cooperatively interact, the reach that can regulate swivel nut to coordinate with lower swivel nut, thus adjust the height of upper bracket.
The openable top cover 1-2 of end face of described fabric drum is beneficial to dismounting, changes clothes described collecting fruit tarpaulin, the trailing flank of fabric drum is shaped with two annulus 1-8 and each annulus is connected with respectively iron chains 11, described two root posts are respectively shaped with an annulus for being connected with iron chains, and the underrun road wheel support 1-6 of fabric drum is provided with road wheel 4.In the time of needs carrying or mobile collector for fruits, rotation telescope support is located at the rear side of fabric drum, annulus on the column of the annulus of fabric drum trailing flank and telescope support is connected with iron chains, thereby telescope support is spacing, due to telescope support rotation, the road wheel of fabric drum bottom surface exposes, and can walk at subsurface.
Described cloth-winding core axis is hollow shaft, and the two ends of cloth-winding core axis are respectively equipped with at least one for clamping the spring clip 1-9 of collecting fruit tarpaulin; Spring clip comprises a stator on cloth-winding core axis and is positioned at the flexure strip on stator top, thereby one end of flexure strip is pressed in and on collecting fruit tarpaulin, clamps collecting fruit tarpaulin.
Described collecting fruit tarpaulin is identical with the structure that connects tarpaulin, expansion shape is all isosceles trapezoid, the bottom (wider one end) of collecting fruit tarpaulin is clamped on cloth-winding core axis by described spring clip, collecting fruit tarpaulin is shaped with for passing elastic threads 10 and being fixed on the cloth cylinder 2-1 on fruit tree with the upper base (narrower one end) that is connected tarpaulin, and collecting fruit tarpaulin is equipped with the magic tape 9 for splicing adjacent collecting fruit tarpaulin with the dual-side that is connected tarpaulin; Mutually bonding by magic tape, can make collecting fruit tarpaulin and connect tarpaulin to be spliced into described polygon cloth cover.
The end face of described collecting fruit tarpaulin and bottom surface are fixed with respectively the block 5 that prevents the excessive rolling of collecting fruit tarpaulin, and described block is positioned at collecting fruit tarpaulin one end (i.e. the one end on close upper base) near fruit tree; Described block is cuboid, comprises the block tarpaulin that surrounding is connected with described collecting fruit tarpaulin, and the inside of block tarpaulin is filled with sponge.Upside or downside that described tarpaulin is imported and exported are provided with the switch 1-7 corresponding with stop location, this switch is connected with described motor, under normal circumstances, the start and stop of motor have operating personnel manually to control, in the time that operating personnel have little time to control, by block trigger switch 1-7, motor quits work, and prevents that rolling is excessive.
The underrun bolt 13 of described fabric drum is provided with a L shaped connecting plate 12 being connected with other fabric drum when mobile.This L shaped connecting plate comprises that two ends offer respectively the dull and stereotyped 12-1 of screw 12-3 and are arranged on the spanner 12-2 of dull and stereotyped one end, the screw at dull and stereotyped two ends is connected and fixed by bolt and adjacent two fabric drums respectively, makes two or more fabric drums unit can move together (as shown in figure 12).
Elastic threads 10 through the cloth cylinder on base on each collecting fruit tarpaulin 7 and connection tarpaulin, then binds with trunk, in order to avoid fruit slips into the center of the polygon cloth cover being spliced successively.The effect that connects tarpaulin is that handled easily personnel are fixed on the collecting fruit tarpaulin of fabric drum unit on trunks of fruit trees, and after collecting fruit completes, facilitates operating personnel to untie elastic threads.
Operation principle of the present utility model is:
As shown in Figure 1 and Figure 2, first by telescope support rotary expansion and support fabric drum, mobile each fabric drum makes it surround heptagonal six sidelines, needs the tree of plucking to be positioned at heptagonal center; Then, open motor button, collecting fruit tarpaulin is is automatically imported and exported and is spued from tarpaulin, disable motor button during to certain length; Then, from passing the little cloth cylinder of collecting fruit tarpaulin front end, fasten on trunk successively by elastic threads; Finally, these six collecting fruit tarpaulins are pasted by magic tape with being connected tarpaulin, magic tape is positioned at each collecting fruit tarpaulin dual-side below, and now fabric drum and collecting fruit tarpaulin have formed a heptagon plane, can carry out picking fruit operation.

Claims (10)

1. the collector for fruits of falling umbrella shape, it is characterized in that: described collector for fruits comprises one group of fabric drum unit (1), this group fabric drum unit is arranged to have the polygonized structure of opening around fruit tree, the collecting fruit tarpaulin (7) of each fabric drum unit stretches out and is fixed on fruit tree towards fruit tree; Described opening part is provided with a connection tarpaulin (2), and this connection tarpaulin stretches out from described opening towards fruit tree and is fixed on fruit tree; Between adjacent collecting fruit tarpaulin and between connection tarpaulin and the collecting fruit tarpaulin of both sides, splice mutually, form one for the drop polygon cloth cover of fruit of access, the middle part of this polygon cloth cover is beneficial to form the umbrella shape of falling that fruit concentrates to middle part to lower recess.
2. the collector for fruits of falling umbrella shape according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described fabric drum unit comprise a hollow fabric drum (1-1), be installed in rotation on cloth-winding core axis (1-4) and the described collecting fruit tarpaulin (7) of rolling on cloth-winding core axis in fabric drum, one end of fabric drum is provided with one for driving cloth-winding core axis to rotate the motor (6) with rolling or release collecting fruit tarpaulin, and the leading flank of fabric drum offers the tarpaulin stretching along self length direction and imports and exports (1-3).
3. the collector for fruits of falling umbrella shape according to claim 2, it is characterized in that: described fabric drum is arranged on the ground by the telescope support (3) of bottom, telescope support comprises two L shaped upper brackets (3-1) and a lower carriage (3-2), the two ends of described lower carriage are shaped with respectively a vertical rod (3-3) straight up, by thread complete set (8), vertical section with a described L shaped upper bracket is fixedly connected with respectively in the upper end of every vertical rod, and the horizontal segment of L shaped upper bracket is hinged on the bottom surface of fabric drum.
4. according to the collector for fruits of falling umbrella shape described in claim 2 or 3, it is characterized in that: the openable top cover of end face (1-2) of described fabric drum, the trailing flank of fabric drum is shaped with two annulus (1-8) and each annulus is connected with respectively iron chains (11), described two root posts are respectively shaped with an annulus for being connected with iron chains, and the underrun road wheel support of fabric drum is provided with road wheel (4).
5. the collector for fruits of falling umbrella shape according to claim 4, is characterized in that: described cloth-winding core axis is hollow shaft, and the two ends of cloth-winding core axis are respectively equipped with at least one for clamping the spring clip (1-9) of collecting fruit tarpaulin.
6. the collector for fruits of falling umbrella shape according to claim 5, it is characterized in that: the expansion shape of described collecting fruit tarpaulin is isosceles trapezoid, the bottom of collecting fruit tarpaulin is clamped on cloth-winding core axis by described spring clip, the upper base of collecting fruit tarpaulin is shaped with for passing elastic threads (10) and being fixed on the cloth cylinder (2-1) on fruit tree, and the dual-side of collecting fruit tarpaulin is respectively equipped with the magic tape (9) for splicing adjacent collecting fruit tarpaulin.
7. the collector for fruits of falling umbrella shape according to claim 6, it is characterized in that: the end face of described collecting fruit tarpaulin and bottom surface are fixed with respectively the block (5) that prevents the excessive rolling of collecting fruit tarpaulin, and described block is positioned at collecting fruit tarpaulin one end near fruit tree; Upside or downside that described tarpaulin is imported and exported are provided with the switch corresponding with stop location (1-7), and this switch is connected with described motor.
8. the collector for fruits of falling umbrella shape according to claim 7, is characterized in that: the underrun bolt (13) of described fabric drum is provided with a L shaped connecting plate (12) being connected with other fabric drum when mobile.
9. the collector for fruits of falling umbrella shape according to claim 8, is characterized in that: the dual-side of described connection tarpaulin is respectively equipped with magic tape.
10. the collector for fruits of falling umbrella shape according to claim 9, is characterized in that: described block is cuboid, comprises the block tarpaulin that surrounding is connected with described collecting fruit tarpaulin, and the inside of block tarpaulin is filled with sponge.
CN201420079278.8U 2014-02-24 2014-02-24 Reversed-umbrella-shaped fruit collecting device Withdrawn - After Issue CN203748266U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201420079278.8U CN203748266U (en) 2014-02-24 2014-02-24 Reversed-umbrella-shaped fruit collecting device

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201420079278.8U CN203748266U (en) 2014-02-24 2014-02-24 Reversed-umbrella-shaped fruit collecting device

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN203748266U true CN203748266U (en) 2014-08-06

Family

ID=51243572

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201420079278.8U Withdrawn - After Issue CN203748266U (en) 2014-02-24 2014-02-24 Reversed-umbrella-shaped fruit collecting device

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN203748266U (en)

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103843528A (en) * 2014-02-24 2014-06-11 浙江理工大学 Inverted-umbrella-shaped fruit collection device
CN104718894A (en) * 2015-03-04 2015-06-24 浙江理工大学 Side wing unfolded type small forest fruit collecting device

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103843528A (en) * 2014-02-24 2014-06-11 浙江理工大学 Inverted-umbrella-shaped fruit collection device
CN103843528B (en) * 2014-02-24 2016-07-06 浙江理工大学 The collector for fruits of falling umbrella shape
CN104718894A (en) * 2015-03-04 2015-06-24 浙江理工大学 Side wing unfolded type small forest fruit collecting device
CN104718894B (en) * 2015-03-04 2016-07-13 浙江理工大学 The small-sized woods fruit collection device of a kind of flank expansion

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
CN201709143U (en) Movable simple fruit collection device
CN103843528B (en) The collector for fruits of falling umbrella shape
CN201216070Y (en) Reverse umbrella shaped fruit receiving apparatus
CN209930955U (en) Umbrella-shaped fruit collecting device for vibratory picking of arbor fruits
CN105359725A (en) Inverted umbrella type forest fruit vibration harvesting mechanism
CN109328649B (en) Semi-automatic jujube picking and transporting trolley
CN205142906U (en) Invert umbrella -type formula woods fruit and vibrate mechanism that gathers
CN103843527B (en) Movably telescopic collector for fruits
CN203748266U (en) Reversed-umbrella-shaped fruit collecting device
CN202340440U (en) Detachable fruit collection device
CN104718890B (en) The picker of the short clump blueberry in a kind of mountain region
CN208434357U (en) A kind of novel grape picker
CN105917860A (en) Convenient fruit picking device
CN206547354U (en) A kind of hand electric fruit recovering device
CN204860116U (en) A fruit harvesting device for agriculture sightseeing tourism
CN205320607U (en) Collection device is picked to fruit
CN202135508U (en) Short-stalk close planting type red jujube harvester
CN209218647U (en) A kind of winter jujube picking machine
CN210519477U (en) Dwarfing close planting type red date harvester
CN203748265U (en) Movable telescopic fruit collecting device
CN209563211U (en) A kind of picking and collection device for gardens fruit
CN108401662B (en) Fruit picking device capable of being adjusted according to size of fruit
CN212876768U (en) Portable fruit harvesting device
CN204762237U (en) Ware is picked to branches of tall trees apricot
CN205142902U (en) Device is picked to winter jujube

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
C14 Grant of patent or utility model
GR01 Patent grant
AV01 Patent right actively abandoned

Granted publication date: 20140806

Effective date of abandoning: 20160706

C25 Abandonment of patent right or utility model to avoid double patenting