CN104718894A - Side wing unfolded type small forest fruit collecting device - Google Patents

Side wing unfolded type small forest fruit collecting device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104718894A
CN104718894A CN201510096135.7A CN201510096135A CN104718894A CN 104718894 A CN104718894 A CN 104718894A CN 201510096135 A CN201510096135 A CN 201510096135A CN 104718894 A CN104718894 A CN 104718894A
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China
Prior art keywords
connecting rod
support arm
arm
guide frame
drag
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CN201510096135.7A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN104718894B (en
Inventor
杜小强
王丹
高旗
武传宇
焦颖颖
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Zhejiang Sci Tech University ZSTU
Zhejiang University of Science and Technology ZUST
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Zhejiang Sci Tech University ZSTU
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Abstract

The invention relates to a side wing unfolded type small forest fruit collecting device. The collecting device can effectively reduce the labor intensity of operating personnel, and has the advantages of being high in work efficiency and small in work amount, and therefore production cost is lowered. According to the technical scheme, the side wing unfolded type small forest fruit collecting device comprises a base, two unfolding units and canvas; each unfolding unit comprises a sliding base, an arc-shaped guide frame vertically fixed to the sliding base, a plurality of folding and unfolding frameworks arranged at the upper end of the arc-shaped guide frame and a driving mechanism arranged on the guide frame; the sliding bases of the two unfolding units are horizontally arranged on the base through guide rails, and can slide along the guide rails, and therefore the arc-shaped guide frames of the two unfolding units are closed or separated, and the arc-shaped guide frame are closed to form a cylindrical through hole matched with a trunk; the driving mechanisms drive the folding and unfolding frameworks to be unfolded or folded, and the canvas is laid on the top faces of the folding and unfolding frameworks to bear the fruits.

Description

A kind of flank expansion small-sized woods fruit gathering unit
Technical field
The present invention relates to agricultural machinery technological field, particularly relate to a kind of small-sized woods fruit gathering unit.
Background technology
As everyone knows, orchard harvest operation is most important link during orchard produces, and current orchard is when gathering in the crops, remain adopt traditional artificial gathering method gather, this artificial gathering method when gathering mainly by picking up manually, and be equipped with collecting bag collection, per hectare is caused to need cost hundreds of man-hour, account for about 50% of the amount of labour used in the production process of orchard, not only labour intensity is large, the amount of labour used is many, expend time in length, and cost is higher.
Summary of the invention
The object of the invention is to overcome the deficiency in above-mentioned background technology, provide a kind of small-sized woods fruit gathering unit, this gathering unit effectively should be able to reduce the labour intensity of operating personnel, and it is high to have operating efficiency, the feature that the amount of labour used is few, thus reduces production cost.
Present invention employs following technical scheme: a kind of flank expansion small-sized woods fruit gathering unit, is characterized in that: described gathering unit comprises pedestal, two expanding unit and canvas; Wherein, each expanding unit comprises sliding bottom, is vertically fixed on the arcuate guide frame on sliding bottom, several folding exhibition skeletons being arranged on arcuate guide frame upper end and the driving mechanism be arranged on leading truck; The sliding bottom of two expanding unit is arranged on pedestal respectively by guide rail level, and the arcuate guide frame of two expanding unit can be closed up or separately, arcuate guide frame closes up rear formation cylindrical hole adapted with trunk along slide; Driving mechanism drives folding exhibition skeleton launch or turn up, and canvas is laid on the end face of each folding exhibition skeleton thus accepts fruit.
Described arcuate guide frame comprises at least two guide posts, curved roof and curved plate, guide post is vertically fixed on sliding bottom, curved roof and curved plate are corresponding up and down, curved roof is horizontally fixed on the top of guide post, and curved plate is horizontally fixed on the bottom of guide post and keeps at a distance with sliding bottom.
Described driving mechanism comprises arc lifter plate, screw mandrel, nut and motor, described arc lifter plate is slidably disposed on the guide post between curved roof and curved plate, screw mandrel is driven by motor and is arranged in parallel with guide post, and nut to be fixed on arc lifter plate and to coordinate with screw mandrel.
Described folding exhibition skeleton comprises a parallel-crank mechanism, a drawing cable mechanism, a scissor arm mechanism and a movement arm;
Described parallel-crank mechanism comprises first, second, third, fourth connecting rod, and first connecting rod is parallel with third connecting rod, and second connecting rod is parallel with double leval jib; The inner of first connecting rod by short connecting rod and curved roof hinged, the inner of first support arm of outer end and scissor arm is hinged, the inner of double leval jib by lifting slider and arc lifter plate hinged, the outer end of third connecting rod is hinged by the inner of the second support arm of long connecting rod and scissor arm;
Described scissor arm mechanism comprises the first support arm and the second support arm that are hinged by jointed shaft, first support arm offers adjustment tank along its length, jointed shaft is arranged in adjustment tank and also can slides along adjustment tank, the outer end of the first support arm and the second support arm is all hinged with the lower end of described movement arm, and the upper end of movement arm tilts protruding;
Described drawing cable mechanism comprises a drag-line dead lever and a drag-line, and drag-line dead lever is vertically fixed on lifting slider, and is upward through described curved roof, and the top of drag-line dead lever is connected by drag-line the inner with the first support arm.
In described expanding unit, the upper end of each movement arm is interconnected by drag-line.
The bottom surface of described pedestal is provided with universal wheel.
In 90 degree of angles between the guide rail of described two expanding unit.
Operation principle of the present invention is: the present invention is by bottom direction movement wheel effect, the good whole device of adjustable and the relative position setting body under Manual-pushing, adjust the relative position of sliding bottom and pedestal afterwards, avoid occurring in two expanding unit mutually to interfere, arc lifter plate is made to rise to certain altitude by electric machine rotation, and make the arc lifter plate of two expanding unit there is certain altitude difference (as shown in Figure 2) to avoid launching the mutual interference of rear end (in Fig. 2, in two expanding unit, the height of arcuate guide frame is also inconsistent, h1 in difference in height and figure), then promoting sliding platform makes whole receiving system be crowded around by tree body, people impacts small-sized woods fruit in operating area makes it drop in canvas collecting zone, because folding exhibition skeleton itself exists certain gradient, small-sized woods fruit can be made to tumble in whole sections bottom along its gradient, and then carry out unifying to collect.After having carried out the collection of one tree body, small-sized woods fruit gathering unit is pressed said process contrary operation, makes its folding gathering, and then carry out the collection of lower one tree body, so repeatedly.
The invention has the beneficial effects as follows: the present invention drives folding exhibition skeleton to launch by motor, coordinate the use of canvas can accept small-sized woods fruit in large area, less space is taken after folding exhibition skeleton draws in, very easy to use, compare artificial picking methods not only labour intensity greatly reduce, the amount of labour used is greatly less, and cost is lower, and can promote the harvest efficiency of 5 ~ 10 times; And the present invention is divided into two expanding unit, can adjust position by guide rail, can adapt to the fruit tree within the scope of certain size, the scope of application is wider.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is perspective view of the present invention (omission canvas).
Fig. 2 is duty of the present invention signal (omission canvas).
Fig. 3 is the perspective view (turning up state) of expanding unit.
Fig. 4 is the perspective view (deployed condition) of expanding unit.
Fig. 5 is the main TV structure schematic diagram (deployed condition) of expanding unit.
Fig. 6 is the perspective view (omitting curved roof, arc lifter plate) of arcuate guide frame and driving mechanism.
Fig. 7, Fig. 8 are the stereochemical structure signals of folding exhibition skeleton deployed condition.
Fig. 9 is the perspective view of folding exhibition skeleton folded position.
Figure 10 is the flattened structure schematic diagram of canvas.
Embodiment
Below in conjunction with Figure of description, the invention will be further described, but the present invention is not limited to following examples.
As shown in Figure 1 and Figure 2, a kind of flank expansion of the present invention small-sized woods fruit gathering unit, comprises pedestal 1, two expanding unit and canvas 25.Wherein, each expanding unit comprises sliding bottom 3, is vertically fixed on the arcuate guide frame on sliding bottom, several folding exhibition skeletons 11 being arranged on arcuate guide frame upper end and the driving mechanism be arranged on leading truck.The sliding bottom of two expanding unit is arranged on pedestal respectively by guide rail 21 and slide block 2 level; and the arcuate guide frame of two expanding unit can be closed up or separately, arcuate guide frame closes up the cylindrical hole A that rear formation one adapts with trunk along slide.As shown in Figure 3, Figure 4, in 90 degree of angles between the guide rail of described two expanding unit, the sliding bottom of general each expanding unit is equipped with two guide rails.Driving mechanism drives folding exhibition skeleton launch or turn up, and canvas is laid on the end face of each folding exhibition skeleton thus accepts fruit.As shown in Figure 5, the bottom surface of pedestal is provided with universal wheel 22.
As shown in Figure 6, described arcuate guide frame comprises at least two guide posts 9 (recommending employing 3), curved roof 14 and curved plate 10.Guide post is fixed on sliding bottom vertically through holder 4, and curved roof and curved plate are corresponding up and down, and curved roof is horizontally fixed on the top of guide post, and curved plate is horizontally fixed on the bottom of guide post and keeps at a distance with sliding bottom.
As shown in Figure 6, described driving mechanism comprises arc lifter plate 12, screw mandrel 8, nut 24 and motor 7.Described arc lifter plate is slidably disposed on the guide post between curved roof and curved plate by sliding sleeve or linear bearing, screw mandrel and guide post are arranged in parallel, the upper end of screw mandrel is positioned on curved roof by bearing, the lower end of screw mandrel is positioned on curved plate by bearing, the lower end of screw mandrel is connected with motor by belt 6 and belt wheel 5,23, and motor is fixed on curved plate.Nut to be fixed on arc lifter plate and to coordinate with screw mandrel.Drive screw mandrel during electric machine rotation, arc lifter plate is elevated along guide post.
As shown in figs. 7 to 9, described folding exhibition skeleton comprises a parallel-crank mechanism, a drawing cable mechanism, a scissor arm mechanism and a movement arm F7.Described parallel-crank mechanism comprises first connecting rod F1, second connecting rod F2, third connecting rod F3, double leval jib F4 (Conventional mechanisms), and parallel-crank mechanism is in perpendicular, and each jointed shaft in this parallel-crank mechanism is horizontally disposed.First connecting rod is parallel with third connecting rod, and second connecting rod is parallel with double leval jib.The inner of first connecting rod is hinged by short connecting rod 17 and curved roof, outer end is by joint J2 hinged with the inner of the first support arm F6 of scissor arm (jointed shaft 19 is herein vertical with the jointed shaft of parallelogram), hinged (lifting slider is fixed on arc lifter plate by lifting slider 13 and arc lifter plate for the inner of double leval jib, the inner lifting slider being provided with rod member connector 20 and double leval jib is hinged), the outer end of third connecting rod is by joint J1 and long connecting rod 18 hinged with the inner of the second support arm F5 of scissor arm (jointed shaft is herein vertical with the jointed shaft of parallelogram).
Described scissor arm mechanism is positioned at perpendicular, comprise the first support arm F6 and the second support arm 5 (jointed shaft is horizontally disposed) that are hinged by jointed shaft, first support arm offers adjustment tank F6-1 along its length, jointed shaft is arranged in adjustment tank and also can slides along adjustment tank, the outer end of the first support arm and the second support arm is all hinged with the lower end of described movement arm F7, and the upper end of movement arm tilts protruding.Described drawing cable mechanism comprises drag-line dead lever 15 and a drag-line 16, and drag-line dead lever is vertically fixed on lifting slider, and is upward through described curved roof, and the top of drag-line dead lever is connected by drag-line the inner with the first support arm.When arc lifter plate rises, drag-line dead lever rises together, by the first support arm of drag-line pull-up scissor arm, and, arc lifter plate can drive double leval jib to swing, and forces first, third connecting rod draws close, scissor arm is closed up, the length elongation of parallel-crank mechanism and scissor arm, movement arm is outwards opened; When arc lifter plate declines, drag-line dead lever declines, and scissor arm declines thereupon, and the length of parallel-crank mechanism shortens, and scissor arm also shortens, movement arm inward collapsible.
In described expanding unit, the upper end of each movement arm is interconnected by drag-line 16-1.After two expanding unit are launched, folding canvas 25 being laid on two expanding unit is opened up on skeleton (Velcro can be utilized to be fixed by canvas), accepts the fruit dropped.As shown in Figure 10, canvas is polygon or circle, and the center of canvas offers the through hole 25-1 adapted with trunk, offers a slit 25-2 from this through hole to the edge of canvas.
Finally, it should be noted that above what enumerate is only specific embodiments of the invention.Obviously, the invention is not restricted to above embodiment, a lot of distortion can also be had.All distortion that those of ordinary skill in the art can directly derive or associate from content disclosed by the invention, all should think protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (7)

1. a flank expansion small-sized woods fruit gathering unit, is characterized in that: described gathering unit comprises pedestal (1), two expanding unit and canvas (25); Wherein, each expanding unit comprises sliding bottom (3), is vertically fixed on the arcuate guide frame on sliding bottom, several foldings exhibition skeleton (11) being arranged on arcuate guide frame upper end and the driving mechanism be arranged on leading truck; The sliding bottom of two expanding unit is arranged on pedestal respectively by guide rail (21) level, and the arcuate guide frame of two expanding unit can be closed up or separately, arcuate guide frame closes up the cylindrical hole (A) that rear formation one adapts with trunk along slide; Driving mechanism drives folding exhibition skeleton launch or turn up, and canvas is laid on the end face of each folding exhibition skeleton thus accepts fruit.
2. a kind of flank expansion according to claim 1 small-sized woods fruit gathering unit, it is characterized in that: described arcuate guide frame comprises at least two guide posts (9), curved roof (14) and curved plate (10), guide post is vertically fixed on sliding bottom, curved roof and curved plate are corresponding up and down, curved roof is horizontally fixed on the top of guide post, and curved plate is horizontally fixed on the bottom of guide post and keeps at a distance with sliding bottom.
3. a kind of flank expansion according to claim 2 small-sized woods fruit gathering unit, it is characterized in that: described driving mechanism comprises arc lifter plate (12), screw mandrel (8), nut (24) and motor (7), described arc lifter plate is slidably disposed on the guide post between curved roof and curved plate, screw mandrel is driven by motor and is arranged in parallel with guide post, and nut to be fixed on arc lifter plate and to coordinate with screw mandrel.
4. a kind of flank expansion according to claim 3 small-sized woods fruit gathering unit, is characterized in that: described folding exhibition skeleton comprises a parallel-crank mechanism, a drawing cable mechanism, a scissor arm mechanism and a movement arm (F7);
Described parallel-crank mechanism comprises first, second, third, fourth connecting rod (F1, F2, F3, F4), and first connecting rod is parallel with third connecting rod, and second connecting rod is parallel with double leval jib; The inner of first connecting rod is hinged by short connecting rod (17) and curved roof, the inner of first support arm (F6) of outer end and scissor arm is hinged, the inner of double leval jib is hinged by lifting slider (13) and arc lifter plate, and the outer end of third connecting rod is hinged by the inner of second support arm (F5) of long connecting rod and scissor arm;
Described scissor arm mechanism comprises the first support arm (F6) and the second support arm (F5) that are hinged by jointed shaft, first support arm offers adjustment tank (F6-1) along its length, jointed shaft is arranged in adjustment tank and also can slides along adjustment tank, the outer end of the first support arm and the second support arm is all hinged with the lower end of described movement arm, and the upper end of movement arm tilts protruding;
Described drawing cable mechanism comprises a drag-line dead lever (15) and a drag-line (16), drag-line dead lever is vertically fixed on lifting slider, and be upward through described curved roof, the top of drag-line dead lever is connected by drag-line the inner with the first support arm.
5. a kind of flank expansion according to claim 4 small-sized woods fruit gathering unit, is characterized in that: in described expanding unit, and the upper end of each movement arm is interconnected by drag-line (16-1).
6. a kind of flank expansion according to claim 5 small-sized woods fruit gathering unit, is characterized in that: the bottom surface of described pedestal is provided with universal wheel (22).
7. a kind of flank expansion according to claim 6 small-sized woods fruit gathering unit, is characterized in that: in 90 degree of angles between the guide rail of described two expanding unit.
CN201510096135.7A 2015-03-04 2015-03-04 The small-sized woods fruit collection device of a kind of flank expansion Active CN104718894B (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201510096135.7A CN104718894B (en) 2015-03-04 2015-03-04 The small-sized woods fruit collection device of a kind of flank expansion

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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CN104718894B CN104718894B (en) 2016-07-13

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Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN110663353A (en) * 2019-10-31 2020-01-10 华南农业大学 Telescopic small fruit collecting device and implementation method
CN110972713A (en) * 2020-02-04 2020-04-10 济南大学 Folding type kernel fruit harvester spreading arm
CN111684917A (en) * 2020-07-08 2020-09-22 周佳艳 Fruit harvester
CN114476149A (en) * 2022-03-03 2022-05-13 中国科学院空间应用工程与技术中心 Spatial expandable exposure experiment platform based on spherical 5R mechanism

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
DE2742814A1 (en) * 1977-09-23 1979-04-05 Jean Hennequin Mobile fruit harvesting machine - has gripping arms to shake tree and folding collector canopy erected around tree trunk
ES2177442A1 (en) * 2000-12-20 2002-12-01 Bano Jose Solano Fruit collection machine
KR20110113072A (en) * 2010-04-08 2011-10-14 대한민국(관리부서:농촌진흥청장) Apparatus for collecting nut harvest
KR20120024307A (en) * 2010-09-06 2012-03-14 강병재 Fruit collcetion device
CN103947381A (en) * 2014-04-02 2014-07-30 浙江理工大学 Pecan collecting device
CN203748266U (en) * 2014-02-24 2014-08-06 浙江理工大学 Reversed-umbrella-shaped fruit collecting device
CN204482373U (en) * 2015-03-04 2015-07-22 浙江理工大学 A kind of flank expansion small-sized woods fruit gathering unit

Patent Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
DE2742814A1 (en) * 1977-09-23 1979-04-05 Jean Hennequin Mobile fruit harvesting machine - has gripping arms to shake tree and folding collector canopy erected around tree trunk
ES2177442A1 (en) * 2000-12-20 2002-12-01 Bano Jose Solano Fruit collection machine
KR20110113072A (en) * 2010-04-08 2011-10-14 대한민국(관리부서:농촌진흥청장) Apparatus for collecting nut harvest
KR20120024307A (en) * 2010-09-06 2012-03-14 강병재 Fruit collcetion device
CN203748266U (en) * 2014-02-24 2014-08-06 浙江理工大学 Reversed-umbrella-shaped fruit collecting device
CN103947381A (en) * 2014-04-02 2014-07-30 浙江理工大学 Pecan collecting device
CN204482373U (en) * 2015-03-04 2015-07-22 浙江理工大学 A kind of flank expansion small-sized woods fruit gathering unit

Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN110663353A (en) * 2019-10-31 2020-01-10 华南农业大学 Telescopic small fruit collecting device and implementation method
CN110663353B (en) * 2019-10-31 2021-02-19 华南农业大学 Telescopic small fruit collecting device and implementation method
CN110972713A (en) * 2020-02-04 2020-04-10 济南大学 Folding type kernel fruit harvester spreading arm
CN111684917A (en) * 2020-07-08 2020-09-22 周佳艳 Fruit harvester
CN114476149A (en) * 2022-03-03 2022-05-13 中国科学院空间应用工程与技术中心 Spatial expandable exposure experiment platform based on spherical 5R mechanism
CN114476149B (en) * 2022-03-03 2022-11-08 中国科学院空间应用工程与技术中心 Spatial expandable exposure experiment platform based on spherical 5R mechanism

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