CN203718791U - Household garbage incinerator - Google Patents

Household garbage incinerator Download PDF

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Publication number
CN203718791U
CN203718791U CN201420004702.2U CN201420004702U CN203718791U CN 203718791 U CN203718791 U CN 203718791U CN 201420004702 U CN201420004702 U CN 201420004702U CN 203718791 U CN203718791 U CN 203718791U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
chimney
communicated
heater
combustion
hearth
Prior art date
Application number
CN201420004702.2U
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
粟明权
石诗杰
Original Assignee
粟明权
石诗杰
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by 粟明权, 石诗杰 filed Critical 粟明权
Priority to CN201420004702.2U priority Critical patent/CN203718791U/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN203718791U publication Critical patent/CN203718791U/en

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Abstract

The utility model discloses a household garbage incinerator. The household garbage incinerator is characterized in that an insulating layer is arranged on the outer wall of a hearth, a flue communicated with the hearth and a chimney is arranged between the insulating layer and the furnace body, and the flue is communicated with a sterilizing tank; an arc-shaped combustion plate is arranged at the lower middle part of the hearth, and a plurality of through holes are formed in the combustion plate; an air supply outlet is formed in the front of the furnace body, the air supply port is communicated with an air supply pipe and a combustion-supporting tube of the combustion plate, and the combustion-supporting tube is connected with a combustion-supporting device in the hearth; a smoke combustion chamber communicated with the flue and the chimney is arranged between the furnace body and the chimney, and is internally provided with an igniter; and a filter screen and a spray header are arranged in the chimney. The smoke can be combusted again by the smoke combustion chamber provided by the utility model, so that harmful substances in the smoke can be reduced, particles in the smoke can be sprayed and filtered out by the filter screen and the spray header in the chimney, and pollution to the environment during flue gas emission can be reduced; furthermore, the household garbage incinerator is good in ventilation, is capable of promoting the thermal power cycle to completely combust the garbage; in addition, the household garbage incinerator is good in heat stability, simple in structure and low in cost, and is capable of effectively keeping the temperature in the hearth.

Description

One way of life incinerator

Technical field

The present invention relates to domestic rubbish disposal, specifically one way of life incinerator.

Background technology

Garbage disposal problem is a great problem that the whole world is paid close attention to always, comparatively general trash processing way is mainly waste incineration method at present, waste incineration furnace structure respectively has superiority, but existing incinerator ubiquity rubbish difficulty on fire, incomplete combustion, flue gas is failed qualified discharge, big for environment pollution, causes secondary pollution.

Summary of the invention

The object of the invention is for overcoming the deficiencies in the prior art, and one way of life incinerator is provided, this incinerator is simple in structure, and incineration firing is complete, Heat stability is good, convenience on fire.

The technical scheme that realizes the object of the invention is:

One way of life incinerator, comprises body of heater, garbage inlet, burner hearth, fire bars, slag-drip opening and chimney, unlike the prior art:

Be provided with one layer of heat preservation layer at hearth outer wall; Between heat-insulation layer and body of heater, be provided with the flue that is communicated with burner hearth and chimney, flue is communicated with sterilization pool;

Fire bars is the arc surfaced burner plate that is arranged on burner hearth middle and lower part, and burner plate is provided with multiple through holes;

Be provided with air outlet in body of heater front, air outlet is communicated with the combustion tube that is arranged on the ajutage of burner plate and be arranged on ajutage, and combustion tube is connected with the combustion-supporting being arranged in burner hearth;

Between body of heater and chimney, be provided with the flue dust combustion chamber being communicated with flue, chimney, flue dust is provided with igniter in combustion chamber;

In chimney, be provided with screen pack and spray head.

Be provided with the bell mating with garbage inlet.

Described body of heater is cylindrical furnace, is provided with release water tank around the charging aperture at body of heater top.

Described burner hearth is cylindrical shape burner hearth, and roof of the furnace is dome-shaped.

Described heat-insulation layer is prior art.

Described ajutage and combustion tube arrange along arc surfaced burner plate edge, are evenly laid with respectively 3-5 through hole on ajutage and cartridge.

Described combustion tube be arranged on the cross current in heat-insulation layer, above water pipe and body of heater, be communicated with.

Described body of heater front is provided with the observation panel being communicated with burner hearth, is observed the combustion case of rubbish and is cleared up in time the rubbish that cannot burn on burner plate by observation panel.

In described sterilization pool, being filled with quick lime carries out disinfection to flue dust.

Advantage of the present invention is:

1, the present invention is provided with flue dust combustion chamber flue dust is carried out to second-time burning between body of heater and chimney, reduce the harmful substance in flue dust, and utilize screen pack and spray head in chimney to carry out spray filtering to the particle in flue dust, small particle in flue dust is sticked on screen pack, bulky grain thing flows into sterilization pool disinfection discharge, the pollution to environment while having reduced fume emission along shower water;

2, because fire bars is the arc surfaced burner plate being built into by refractory brick, can not burn out, the combustion tube that is provided with ajutage at burner plate edge and is communicated with ajutage, combustion-supporting, ventilation effect is good, and can promote firepower circulation, and rubbish is fully burnt;

3, hearth outer wall is provided with heat-insulation layer, can effectively keep temperature in burner hearth, Heat stability is good, and truce 3-5 days are interior without again on fire;

4, rubbish is the high temperature thermal decomposition of 700-1650-1800-2200 DEG C through incineration temperature, the combustibles in rubbish can be resolved into imflammable gas, passes into oxygen by ajutage, makes the abundant decomposition combustion of garbage energy;

5, the present invention burns body of heater and can be embedded in undergroundly, only need and expose above body of heater end face, makes can reach ventilation effect and reduction charging difficulty in burner hearth, and floor space is little, simple in structure, and cost is low, is adapted at cities and towns and applies.

Brief description of the drawings

Fig. 1 is the cross-sectional view of incinerator of the present invention.

In figure: 1. body of heater 2. flue 3. heat-insulation layer 4. burner hearth 5. combustion tube 6. ajutage 7. burner plate 7-1. slag-drip opening 8. observation panel 9. combustion-supporting 10. slag-drip opening 11. air outlet 12. sterilization pool 13. chimney 14. igniter 15. flue dust combustion chamber 16. screen pack 17. spray head 18. gauge tap 19. water pipe 20. bell 21. garbage inlet 22. release water tanks.

Detailed description of the invention

With reference to Fig. 1, one way of life incinerator of the present invention, by columnar body of heater 1, flue 2, heat-insulation layer 3, burner hearth 4, cartridge 5, ajutage 6, burner plate 7, observation panel 8, combustion-supporting 9, slag-drip opening 10, air outlet 11, sterilization pool 12, spirality chimney 13, flue dust combustion chamber 15, gauge tap 18, garbage inlet 21 and release water tank 22 form, burner hearth 4 tops are arch, heat-insulation layer 3 is made up of charcoal powder, be coated on burner hearth 4 outer walls, can effectively keep the interior temperature of burner hearth 4 at 450-500 DEG C, Heat stability is good, make in burner hearth in truce 3-5 days without again on fire, between heat-insulation layer 3 and body of heater 1, form an annular flue 2, after flue 2 is communicated with burner hearth 3 and chimney 12, also be embedded in underground sterilization pool 11 and be communicated with, the middle part arc surfaced burner plate high, that around reduce gradually that burner plate 8 is made up of refractory brick, burner plate 8 is arranged on burner hearth 4 middle and lower parts, on burner plate 8, be provided with multiple ventilating openings and slag-drip opening 7-1, the lime-ash while making incineration firing drops in deslagging chamber, then discharges lime-ash from slag-drip opening 10, ajutage 6 and combustion tube 5 are circulating line, are separately positioned on the edge of burner plate 8, and ajutage 6 is communicated with the air outlet 11 that is arranged on body of heater 1 front, combustion tube 5 is connected with the combustion-supporting 9 being arranged in burner hearth 4, in this combustion tube 5, be filled with water, be communicated with the water pipe 19 being arranged in heat-insulation layer 3, water pipe 19 is communicated with body of heater 1 top, on ajutage 6 and combustion tube 5, be evenly laid with respectively 3-5 through hole, blow effective, pass into oxygen by air outlet 11, high moderate pressure in burner hearth makes the water in cartridge 5 resolve into fuel gas, utilize the combustion-supporting 9 being connected with combustion tube 5 that burner hearth firepower is strengthened, because body of heater 1 top is arc structure, can promote firepower circulation, make the abundant decomposition combustion of rubbish, observation panel 8 is arranged on body of heater 1 front and is communicated with burner hearth 4, by the combustion case of observation panel observable burner hearth 4 interior rubbish, to add in time the rubbish that cannot burn on fuel and cleaning burner plate 8.Release water tank 22 is arranged on body of heater 1 top, reduces the temperature of body of heater 1 outer wall, is provided with the bell 20 mating with garbage inlet 21 above garbage inlet 21, covers bell 20 in the time of incineration firing, has avoided hot gas to leak.Flue dust combustion chamber 15 is arranged between body of heater 1 and chimney 13, and is connected with flue 2, spirality chimney 13, is provided with igniter 14 in flue dust combustion chamber 15; Flue dust is carried out discharging by spirality chimney 13 after second-time burning again, reduce the harmful substance in flue dust; In chimney 13, be provided with screen pack 16 and spray head 17, in the time of soot emissions, utilize screen pack 16 and spray head 17 in chimney 13 to carry out spray filtering to the particle in flue dust, small particle in flue dust is sticked on screen pack 16, bulky grain thing flows into the sterilization pool 12 disinfection discharges that are filled with limewash, the pollution to environment while having reduced fume emission along shower water; Gauge tap 18 is connected with body of heater 1, the ignition temperature of controlling the burner plate 8 in body of heater 1 is 700-1650-1800-2200 DEG C of high temperature, combustibles in rubbish is resolved into imflammable gas, and the igniter 14 of controlling in flue dust combustion chamber 15 is lighted a fire, simultaneously, spray head 17 in chimney 13 sprays in the time of soot emissions, and the harmful substance in flue dust is filtered to sterilization, reaches the object of environmental pollution while reducing fume emission.

Incinerator of the present invention can also burn the bird that dies of illness, and bird virus can not be spread, and reduces the pollution to environment.

Claims (7)

1. one way of life incinerator, comprises body of heater, garbage inlet, burner hearth, fire bars, slag-drip opening and chimney, it is characterized in that:
Be provided with one layer of heat preservation layer at hearth outer wall; Between heat-insulation layer and body of heater, be provided with the flue that is communicated with burner hearth and chimney, flue is communicated with sterilization pool;
Fire bars is the arc surfaced burner plate that is arranged on burner hearth middle and lower part, and burner plate is provided with multiple through holes;
Be provided with air outlet in body of heater front, air outlet is communicated with the combustion tube that is arranged on the ajutage of burner plate and be arranged on ajutage, and combustion tube is connected with the combustion-supporting being arranged in burner hearth;
Between body of heater and chimney, be provided with the flue dust combustion chamber being communicated with flue, chimney, flue dust is provided with igniter in combustion chamber;
In chimney, be provided with screen pack and spray head.
2. domestic waste incineration according to claim 1, is characterized in that: be provided with the bell matching with garbage inlet.
3. domestic waste incineration according to claim 1, is characterized in that: described body of heater is cylindrical furnace, is provided with release water tank around the charging aperture at body of heater top.
4. domestic waste incineration according to claim 1, is characterized in that: described burner hearth is cylindrical shape burner hearth, and roof of the furnace is dome-shaped.
5. domestic waste incineration according to claim 1, is characterized in that: described ajutage and combustion tube arrange along arc surfaced burner plate edge annular, are evenly laid with respectively 3-5 through hole on ajutage and cartridge.
6. domestic waste incineration according to claim 1, is characterized in that: described combustion tube be arranged on the cross current in heat-insulation layer, above water pipe and body of heater, be communicated with.
7. domestic waste incineration according to claim 1, is characterized in that: described body of heater front is provided with the observation panel being communicated with burner hearth.
CN201420004702.2U 2014-01-06 2014-01-06 Household garbage incinerator CN203718791U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201420004702.2U CN203718791U (en) 2014-01-06 2014-01-06 Household garbage incinerator

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201420004702.2U CN203718791U (en) 2014-01-06 2014-01-06 Household garbage incinerator

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN203718791U true CN203718791U (en) 2014-07-16

Family

ID=51157937

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201420004702.2U CN203718791U (en) 2014-01-06 2014-01-06 Household garbage incinerator

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN203718791U (en)

Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104728845A (en) * 2015-03-19 2015-06-24 粟保成 Pollution-free and harmless household garbage incinerator
CN104728848A (en) * 2015-04-01 2015-06-24 赵三文 Garbage incineration device and incineration method thereof
CN105215046A (en) * 2015-08-27 2016-01-06 龚亚强 A kind of garbage as resource treatment process
CN105509064A (en) * 2016-03-05 2016-04-20 李祥 Chemical waste incinerator
CN108332229A (en) * 2018-02-27 2018-07-27 芜湖鸣人热能设备有限公司 Heating furnace with smoke processing system

Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104728845A (en) * 2015-03-19 2015-06-24 粟保成 Pollution-free and harmless household garbage incinerator
CN104728845B (en) * 2015-03-19 2017-01-18 粟保成 Pollution-free and harmless household garbage incinerator
CN104728848A (en) * 2015-04-01 2015-06-24 赵三文 Garbage incineration device and incineration method thereof
CN105215046A (en) * 2015-08-27 2016-01-06 龚亚强 A kind of garbage as resource treatment process
CN105509064A (en) * 2016-03-05 2016-04-20 李祥 Chemical waste incinerator
CN108332229A (en) * 2018-02-27 2018-07-27 芜湖鸣人热能设备有限公司 Heating furnace with smoke processing system

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C14 Grant of patent or utility model
GR01 Patent grant
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20140716

Termination date: 20160106