CN204693805U - A kind of energy-saving, emission-reducing, environment friendly boiler - Google Patents

A kind of energy-saving, emission-reducing, environment friendly boiler Download PDF

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Publication number
CN204693805U
CN204693805U CN201520425544.2U CN201520425544U CN204693805U CN 204693805 U CN204693805 U CN 204693805U CN 201520425544 U CN201520425544 U CN 201520425544U CN 204693805 U CN204693805 U CN 204693805U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
spray
combustion chambers
combustion chamber
primary zone
combustion
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CN201520425544.2U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
刘刚
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刘刚
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Priority to CN201520425544.2U priority Critical patent/CN204693805U/en
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Publication of CN204693805U publication Critical patent/CN204693805U/en

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Abstract

The utility model discloses a kind of energy-saving, emission-reducing, environment friendly boiler, comprise body of heater, heating water layer is provided with in body of heater, primary zone is provided with in body of heater, secondary combustion chamber is provided with below primary zone, primary zone and secondary combustion chamber rear portion are provided with three combustion chambers, the top of primary zone is provided with four combustion chambers of connection three combustion chambers, body of heater top is provided with the pressure relief safety valve and the first row mouth being communicated with four combustion chambers that are communicated with heating water layer, first row mouth is connected with smoke eliminator by defeated smoke pipe, smoke eliminator comprises combustion chamber and pipeline, the bottom of combustion chamber is provided with the first spray system, first spray system one side is provided with the smoke exhaust pipe that upward opening is arranged, smoke exhaust pipe inside is provided with the second spray system.The utility model is reasonable in design, and its combustion system adopts the anti-multiple air inlet that burns to burn, and energy-efficient, environmental protection, easy to use, fuel is scalable, and gas cleaning is effective, decreases floor space.

Description

A kind of energy-saving, emission-reducing, environment friendly boiler

Technical field

The utility model relates to energy-saving and emission-reduction field, specifically a kind of energy-saving, emission-reducing, environment friendly boiler.

Background technology

No matter existing boiler is normal-pressure boiler, or bearing boiler, and its combustion system is traditional direct combustion working method.Owing to not having, high temperature is counter burns process, and cause the burning of fuel insufficient, the thermal efficiency is low, wastes energy, contaminated environment.And if the discarded of boiler generation directly enters air, not only can have an impact to human body, serious also pollutes the environment, cause atmosphere pollution, although wherein some waste gas can react with water, and some other composition can be only absorbed by the water, some of them do not react with water and can not can are directly discharged in air by absorbed gas, cause meeting discharge standard.Although there is the exhaust purifier of combustion function in prior art, because great majority are applied in indoor, floor space is comparatively large, causes indoor usage space nervous, is not suitable for large-scale production and application.

Summary of the invention

The purpose of this utility model is to provide a kind of energy-saving, emission-reducing, environment friendly boiler, to solve the problem proposed in above-mentioned background technology.

For achieving the above object, the utility model provides following technical scheme:

A kind of energy-saving, emission-reducing, environment friendly boiler, comprise body of heater, heating water layer is provided with in body of heater, primary zone is provided with in body of heater, secondary combustion chamber is provided with below primary zone, water pipe furnace grate is provided with between primary zone and secondary combustion chamber, primary zone and secondary combustion chamber rear portion are provided with three combustion chambers, primary zone is communicated with three combustion chambers with secondary combustion chamber by quirk, the top of primary zone is provided with four combustion chambers of connection three combustion chambers, some the first heat exchange water pipes communicated with heating water layer are provided with in three combustion chambers, some the second heat exchange water pipes communicated with heating water layer are provided with in four combustion chambers, described body of heater top is provided with the pressure relief safety valve and the first row mouth being communicated with four combustion chambers that are communicated with heating water layer, first row mouth is connected with smoke eliminator by defeated smoke pipe, described smoke eliminator comprises combustion chamber and pipeline, the top of combustion chamber is provided with into mouth, the bottom of described combustion chamber is provided with the first spray system, described first spray system bottom is provided with water tank, the smoke exhaust pipe that upward opening is arranged is provided with in the first spray system one side, described smoke exhaust pipe inside is provided with the second spray system, the upward opening of smoke exhaust pipe is second row mouth, described pipeline is "] " type structure, water pump is by "] " type pipeline is connected with water tank, the spray equipment of the first spray system and the second spray system inside is provided with cooling jet.

As further program of the utility model: the rear wall bottom of described three combustion chambers is provided with the first cleaning door, the rear wall top of three combustion chambers is provided with the second cleaning door, the rear wall of three combustion chambers is provided with the blast pipe between the first cleaning door and the second cleaning door, blast pipe is provided with fresh air inlet, and described blast pipe is communicated with air by fresh air inlet.

As the utility model further scheme: the antetheca of described primary zone is provided with bunkering port, bunkering port is provided with the lid matched with it, the antetheca of secondary combustion chamber is provided with breast hole, breast hole is provided with the lid matched with it, the antetheca of four combustion chambers is provided with the 3rd cleaning door, and the 3rd cleaning door is provided with the lid matched with it.

As the utility model further scheme: be provided with water jacket in described body of heater, primary zone and three combustion chambers and four combustion chambers are separated by water jacket.

As the utility model further scheme: the below of described secondary combustion chamber is provided with grate, the below of grate is provided with Dust Storage Room.

As the utility model further scheme: be provided with gap between described first spray system and water tank, the first spray system comprise be symmetrical set, fill Packed spray structure, have space in the centre position of two spray structures.

As the utility model further scheme: described water tank bottom is conical lower portion, and the tapered tip of conical lower portion is connected with sewage draining exit.

Compared with prior art, the beneficial effects of the utility model are: the utility model is reasonable in design, its combustion system adopts the anti-multiple air inlet that burns to burn, fuel enters into three fresh air inlets of combustion chamber on blast pipe by quirk again and again burns to wind to wind combustion flame secondary combustion chamber of passing through under the space of water pipe furnace grate to wind burning in primary zone, finally enter into four combustion chambers, the heat that burning produces makes to heat around the water jacket in body of heater and heat exchange water pipe and body of heater furnace wall water layer and fully absorbs water in heating furnace body, the waste heat of flue gas is fully used, improve heat utilization rate, and exhanst gas outlet is also provided with smoke eliminator, there is the dual-use function of burning purification, by suitably widening the diameter of smoke exhaust pipe, a spray equipment is set in smoke exhaust pipe inside, realize secondary spraying to reclaim, water pump is by "] " type pipeline is connected to the lower position of water tank, floor space is reduced by increasing the height of equipment, save factory building cost, reach again good function of fuel gas purification, the design of conical lower portion facilitates the eliminating of internal solids pollutant, first spray system arranges the symmetrical structure design in space in the middle of adopting, can realize circulated sprinkling, improve purification efficiency.

Accompanying drawing explanation

Fig. 1 is the structural representation of energy-saving, emission-reducing, environment friendly boiler;

Fig. 2 is the left view of body of heater in energy-saving, emission-reducing, environment friendly boiler;

In figure: 1-body of heater, 2-primary zone, 3-secondary combustion chamber, 4-quirk, 5-tri-combustion chambers, 6-tetra-combustion chambers, 7-water pipe furnace grate, 8-heats water layer, 9-water jacket, 10-first heat exchange water pipe, 11-second heat exchange water pipe, 12-first cleaning door, 13-bunkering port, 14-breast hole, 15-air inlet, 16-blast pipe, 17-fresh air inlet, 18-second cleaning door, 19-the 3rd cleaning door, 20-pressure relief safety valve, 21-water inlet, 22-hot-water outlet, 23-sewage outlet, 24-grate, 25-Dust Storage Room, 26-first row mouth, the defeated smoke pipe of 27-, 28-enters mouth, 29-second row mouth, 30-second spray system, 31-combustion chamber, 32-cooling jet, 33-first spray system, 34-filler, 35-water tank, 36-sewage draining exit, 37-water pump, 38-pipeline, 39-conical lower portion, 40-smoke exhaust pipe.

Detailed description of the invention

Be described in more detail below in conjunction with the technical scheme of detailed description of the invention to this patent.

Refer to Fig. 1-2, a kind of energy-saving, emission-reducing, environment friendly boiler, comprise body of heater 1, primary zone 2 is provided with in body of heater 1, secondary combustion chamber 3 is provided with below primary zone 2, be provided with water pipe furnace grate 7 between primary zone 2 and secondary combustion chamber 3, the antetheca of primary zone 2 is provided with bunkering port 13 and the lid matched; The antetheca of secondary combustion chamber 3 is provided with breast hole 14 and the lid matched.The below of secondary combustion chamber 3 is provided with grate 24, and the below of grate 24 is provided with Dust Storage Room 25; The rear portion of primary zone 2 and secondary combustion chamber 3 is provided with three combustion chambers 5, primary zone 2 is communicated with three combustion chambers 5 with secondary combustion chamber 3 by quirk 4, some the first heat exchange water pipes 10 communicated with heating water layer 8 are provided with in three combustion chambers 5, the rear wall of three combustion chambers 5 is provided with blast pipe 16, blast pipe 16 is provided with fresh air inlet 17, the rear wall bottom of three combustion chambers 5 is provided with the first cleaning door 12 and the lid matched, and the rear wall top of three combustion chambers 5 is provided with the second cleaning door 18 and the lid matched.Water jacket 9 is provided with in body of heater 1, the top of primary zone 2 is provided with four combustion chambers 6 of connection three combustion chambers 5, four times combustion chamber 6 is provided with some the second heat exchange water pipes 11 communicated with heating water layer 8, the antetheca of four combustion chambers 6 is provided with the 3rd cleaning door 19 and the lid matched, body of heater 1 is provided with water inlet 21, hot-water outlet 22 and sewage outlet 23, body of heater 1 top is provided with the pressure relief safety valve 20 and the first row mouth 26 being communicated with four combustion chambers 6 that are communicated with heating water layer 8, first row mouth 26 is connected with smoke eliminator by defeated smoke pipe 27, described smoke eliminator comprises into mouth 28 and pipeline 38, entering mouth 28 is a tubular structure, be arranged on the top of combustion chamber 31, the bottom of combustion chamber 31 is connected with the first spray system 33, wherein the first spray system 33 is symmetrical spray structure, filler 34 is provided with two spray structure inside, space is provided with between two spray structures, first spray system 33 bottom is also provided with water tank 35, the bottom of water tank 35 is conical lower portion 39, the tapered tip of conical lower portion 39 is provided with the sewage draining exit 36 to curving.The smoke exhaust pipe 40 that upward opening is arranged is provided with in a side of the first spray system 33, the second spray system 30 is provided with in the internal cavities of wherein smoke exhaust pipe 40, wherein the upward opening of smoke exhaust pipe 40 is used as second row mouth 29, is provided with cooling jet 32 at the spray equipment of the first spray system 33 and the second spray system 30 inside.Wherein pipeline 38 is "] " type structure, water pump 37 is by "] " type pipeline 38 is connected with water tank 35, "] " one end of type pipeline 38 connects water tank 35, other end connection water pump 37.

Utility model works process is: the lid opening the bunkering port 13 in primary zone 2, on primary zone 2 inner conduit fire grate 7, put a little pyrophoric fuel use, burning things which may cause a fire disaster after lighting again toward refuelling above, the lid of bunkering port 13 is opened entirely, an air intake is entered from the top of fuel burn, burned flame goes downwards to secondary combustion chamber 3 and enters into secondary combustion chamber 3 from the Secondary Air that the air inlet 15 antetheca of Dust Storage Room 25 enters by grate 24 and burn through the space of water pipe furnace grate 7, air inlet 15 opens sub-fraction gap air intake, burned flame enters into three combustion chambers 5 by quirk 4, the tertiary air entered by the fresh air inlet 17 on three combustion chamber 5 rear wall upper blast pipes 16 carries out Thorough combustion, the pyrotechnics rising of burning enters into four combustion chambers 6, and fully the afterburnts finally enter smoke eliminator from first row mouth 26, flue gas passes through to enter in combustion chamber 31 into mouth 28 to carry out burning recovery, the tail gas burnt passes in the first spray system 33, space via centre enters in symmetrical chamber respectively, the water circulation driven in water tank 35 opened by water pump, tail gas passes into the second spray system 30 in smoke exhaust pipe 40 after purifying via the first spray system 33, after absorption completes, tail gas is discharged through second row mouth 29, the solid waste produced in absorption process is got rid of via water tank 35 sewage draining exit 36.The size controlling firepower is controlled by the lid of the bunkering port 13 on primary zone 2 antetheca, and the gap size of opening bunkering port 13 lid carries out the size controlling to need firepower.The hot water produced in body of heater 1 can be used for heating and domestic water and other purposes.Along with the carrying out of combustion process, fuel is consumed gradually, can at any time from bunkering port 13 to postcombustion in primary zone 2.Body of heater is provided with pressure relief safety valve 20, when water vapor pressure exceedes set pressure, and pressure relief safety valve.

Above the better embodiment of this patent is explained in detail, but this patent is not limited to above-mentioned embodiment, in the ken that one skilled in the relevant art possesses, can also makes a variety of changes under the prerequisite not departing from this patent aim.

Claims (7)

1. an energy-saving, emission-reducing, environment friendly boiler, comprise body of heater, it is characterized in that, heating water layer is provided with in body of heater, primary zone is provided with in body of heater, secondary combustion chamber is provided with below primary zone, water pipe furnace grate is provided with between primary zone and secondary combustion chamber, primary zone and secondary combustion chamber rear portion are provided with three combustion chambers, primary zone is communicated with three combustion chambers with secondary combustion chamber by quirk, the top of primary zone is provided with four combustion chambers of connection three combustion chambers, some the first heat exchange water pipes communicated with heating water layer are provided with in three combustion chambers, some the second heat exchange water pipes communicated with heating water layer are provided with in four combustion chambers, described body of heater top is provided with the pressure relief safety valve and the first row mouth being communicated with four combustion chambers that are communicated with heating water layer, first row mouth is connected with smoke eliminator by defeated smoke pipe, described smoke eliminator comprises combustion chamber and pipeline, the top of combustion chamber is provided with into mouth, the bottom of described combustion chamber is provided with the first spray system, described first spray system bottom is provided with water tank, the smoke exhaust pipe that upward opening is arranged is provided with in the first spray system one side, described smoke exhaust pipe inside is provided with the second spray system, the upward opening of smoke exhaust pipe is second row mouth, described pipeline is "] " type structure, water pump is by "] " type pipeline is connected with water tank, the spray equipment of the first spray system and the second spray system inside is provided with cooling jet.
2. energy-saving, emission-reducing, environment friendly boiler according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, the rear wall bottom of described three combustion chambers is provided with the first cleaning door, the rear wall top of three combustion chambers is provided with the second cleaning door, the rear wall of three combustion chambers is provided with the blast pipe between the first cleaning door and the second cleaning door, blast pipe is provided with fresh air inlet, and described blast pipe is communicated with air by fresh air inlet.
3. energy-saving, emission-reducing, environment friendly boiler according to claim 1 and 2, it is characterized in that, the antetheca of described primary zone is provided with bunkering port, bunkering port is provided with the lid matched with it, the antetheca of secondary combustion chamber is provided with breast hole, breast hole is provided with the lid matched with it, the antetheca of four combustion chambers is provided with the 3rd cleaning door, and the 3rd cleaning door is provided with the lid matched with it.
4. energy-saving, emission-reducing, environment friendly boiler according to claim 3, is characterized in that, is provided with water jacket in described body of heater, and primary zone and three combustion chambers and four combustion chambers are separated by water jacket.
5. the energy-saving, emission-reducing, environment friendly boiler according to claim 1 or 2 or 4, it is characterized in that, the below of described secondary combustion chamber is provided with grate, and the below of grate is provided with Dust Storage Room.
6. energy-saving, emission-reducing, environment friendly boiler according to claim 5, it is characterized in that, be provided with gap between described first spray system and water tank, the first spray system comprise be symmetrical set, fill Packed spray structure, have space in the centre position of two spray structures.
7. the energy-saving, emission-reducing, environment friendly boiler according to claim 1 or 2 or 4 or 6, it is characterized in that, described water tank bottom is conical lower portion, and the tapered tip of conical lower portion is connected with sewage draining exit.
CN201520425544.2U 2015-06-19 2015-06-19 A kind of energy-saving, emission-reducing, environment friendly boiler CN204693805U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201520425544.2U CN204693805U (en) 2015-06-19 2015-06-19 A kind of energy-saving, emission-reducing, environment friendly boiler

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201520425544.2U CN204693805U (en) 2015-06-19 2015-06-19 A kind of energy-saving, emission-reducing, environment friendly boiler

Publications (1)

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CN204693805U true CN204693805U (en) 2015-10-07

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN107433093A (en) * 2017-08-14 2017-12-05 安徽工程大学 A kind of novel coal fume environment protection dedusting and purifying device
CN107741091A (en) * 2017-10-10 2018-02-27 苏州浔宇新材料科技有限公司 A kind of energy-saving environmental-protection boiler with flue gas efficient process function

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN107433093A (en) * 2017-08-14 2017-12-05 安徽工程大学 A kind of novel coal fume environment protection dedusting and purifying device
CN107741091A (en) * 2017-10-10 2018-02-27 苏州浔宇新材料科技有限公司 A kind of energy-saving environmental-protection boiler with flue gas efficient process function

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C14 Grant of patent or utility model
GR01 Patent grant
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20151007

Termination date: 20160619