CN203461506U - Tyre sorting device - Google Patents

Tyre sorting device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN203461506U
CN203461506U CN201320410395.3U CN201320410395U CN203461506U CN 203461506 U CN203461506 U CN 203461506U CN 201320410395 U CN201320410395 U CN 201320410395U CN 203461506 U CN203461506 U CN 203461506U
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China
Prior art keywords
tire
fixed knot
fixed
sorting equipment
sorting
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Active
Application number
CN201320410395.3U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
陶喜冰
李远强
于佩娥
杨学东
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QINGDAO KINGER ROBOT Co.,Ltd.
Original Assignee
QINGDAO KINGER AUTOMATION EQUIPMENT Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201320410395.3U priority Critical patent/CN203461506U/en
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Abstract

The invention discloses a tyre sorting device. The tyre sorting device comprises a supporting mechanism, a sorting mechanism and a power mechanism. The supporting mechanism comprises stand columns, a cross beam and a sorting platform, wherein the cross beam is arranged above the stand columns transversely and the sorting platform is used for bearing tyres. The sorting mechanism comprises a mechanical arm which is matched with the cross beam in a sliding mode and comprises a grasping part and a lifting assembly, wherein the grasping part is used for grasping the tyres and the lifting assembly is used for controlling the grasping part to move perpendicularly. The power mechanism comprises a first power unit which drives the mechanical arm to move along the cross beam in the transverse direction. According to the tyre sorting device, the mechanical arm can slide along the cross beam in the transverse direction and in the longitudinal direction and the grasping part is used for grasping the tyres, so that the four degrees of freedom of the grasping part are controlled and therefore the tyres are sorted and stacked automatically. Further, the labor cost is lowered; the labor intensity is decreased; and the risk of manual misoperation is reduced.

Description

Tire sorting equipment
Technical field
The utility model belongs to palletizing mechanical technical field, is a kind of tire sorting equipment specifically.
Background technology
Tire production line comprises the links such as batching, moulding, sulfuration and detection warehouse-in, and half-blank forms tire blank after processing through molding procedure, and tire blank needs to carry the operations such as piling in entering the process of subsequent handling.
Tire is after kinetic balance homogeneity detects, need to be temporary according to the specifications and models of the tire piling of classifying, existing tire plant adopts manually classifies and piling to tire, this mode efficiency is extremely low, cost is very high, personnel labor intensity is large, and artificial participation is easy to tire size misclassification.
In order to reduce labor content, reduce labour cost, in practice, adopt the self-propagating mode of a kind of line body, which has been improved the effect that tire blank is carried to a certain extent, in Chinese patent literature, publication number CN202880434, title is a kind of utility model patent file of tire sorting system, it discloses a kind of scheme, comprise main line feedway, along tire throughput direction, on main line feedway, be connected with side by side lines conveying equipment some groups times, corresponding to each group time lines conveying equipment, on main line feedway, be provided with at least one group of wiper arm and main line detecting device, a side at inferior lines conveying equipment is provided with at least one to level detecting apparatus, at inferior lines conveying equipment end, be provided with at least two guide grooves, between inferior lines conveying equipment and guide groove, be provided with the sorting equipment (referring to Fig. 1) for changing tire direct of travel, this scheme has realized the automation that tire blank is carried to a certain extent, but carry end still to need to have corresponding personnel to sort at tire, namely will carry the tire blank of coming to carry out a dead lift from travel line, and carry out piling in corresponding position.
There is following shortcoming in this mode:
1. after tire sorting, single tire is delivered to line body rear end, and then, by manually carrying out piling, line body floor area is large, cannot make full use of the height in workshop;
2. line body only has sorting function, still needs manually to carry out piling, does not obviously reduce hand labor intensity.
Utility model content
The technical matters that the utility model solves is to provide a kind of tire sorting equipment and tire method for sorting, and object is to realize tire automatic sorting, on the basis of increasing work efficiency, makes full use of the solid space in workshop, expands the storing capacity in workshop.
In order to solve the problems of the technologies described above, the technical solution of the utility model is:
A tire sorting equipment, comprises supporting mechanism, mechanism for sorting and actuating unit; Supporting mechanism comprises column, across the sorting platform of the crossbeam above column and load supporting tire; Mechanism for sorting comprises manipulator, manipulator and crossbeam bearing fit, and manipulator comprises for grasping the grasping part of tire, and the lifting assembly vertically moving for controlling grasping part; Actuating unit comprises that driving device hand is along the first engine installation of crossbeam cross motion.
Compared to the prior art, tire is transported on the sorting platform of line body rear end, manipulator laterally slides into target bit along crossbeam, lifting assembly on manipulator, realize tire movement in vertical direction, grasping part grasps tire, adopts the utility model can realize the control of grasping part on four degree of freedom, can meet the demand of automatic classification and piling, reduce the risk of cost of labor, labour intensity and artificial incorrect operation.
Based on such scheme, the utility model is also done following improvement:
In order further to improve accuracy and the high efficiency that manipulator grasps tire, the utility model further arranges detent mechanism on sorting platform, detent mechanism comprises cylinder and centering device, cylinder clutch end stationary links structure, centering device one end is fixed on bar linkage structure, and the other end and gear are coupling; Air cylinder driven bar linkage structure, is converted to rotatablely moving of gear by straight-line motion, thereby drives centering device to rotate, and completes fixed middle processing the to tire.
Grasping part comprises the paw tool that drives cylinder, transmission component and grasp tire, drives cylinder clutch end connection for transmission assembly, and transmission component connects paw tool, and the vertical fore and aft motion of driving cylinder is converted to the horizontal folding of paw tool.Transmission component comprises the transmission lever being connected with driving cylinder cylinder bar, the cross plate that is sheathed on transmission lever two ends and the connecting rod hinged with cross plate, and paw tool is arranged on a connecting rod.In the utility model, grasping part is for grasping specially the special purpose device of tire, realization grasps automatically to tire, because tire blank outside is easier to scratch impaired, based on this utility model, adopt paw tool is placed in to tyre rim inside, by paw tool, expand in the horizontal direction, from tyre rim inside, grasp the mode of fixed tire, effectively avoid outer surface of tire damage, specifically by engine installation, through transmission lever, slide up and down, the paw tool that drive link control grasps tire grasps tire, simultaneously, can also be as required, set in advance the dynamics that grasps position and drive cylinder, the accuracy that realization grasps and dynamics controllability, prevent tire landing in handling process, or the excessive damaged tyres that causes of exerting oneself.
Lifting assembly integral installation is walking crosswise on bearing of coordinating with moving beam, comprise fixed knot, active section and servomotor, driven by servomotor fixed knot be arranged on the line slideway of walking crosswise on bearing and move up and down and coordinate, the longitudinal sheathed speed band of fixed knot, a times speed belt for fixed knot one side is fixed on to be walked crosswise on bearing, and times speed belt of fixed knot opposite side is fixedly connected with active section end; In order to improve handling efficiency, consider that lifting assembly of the present utility model will move relatively long path in the vertical direction, based on this, the utility model improves lifting assembly, has improved the speed of controlling grasping part lifting, and basic conception is by fixed knot, active section are set, fixed knot is when sliding, the relative fixed knot of active section slides in the same way with same speed, and the utility model adopts times speed belt as drive disk assembly, and sliding effect is comparatively steady, controllability is good.
The first engine installation is comprised of servomotor and reductor; Consider that servocontrol has the features such as accuracy, alerting ability, the utility model, in conjunction with the requirement of tire piling, adopts servomotor and reductor to form, and realizes the accurate control of tire in clamping, carrying, piling process.
Fixed knot two ends are provided with the roller that coordinates times speed belt to slide; Times speed belt will be on fixed knot closed slip, larger friction is born at the two ends of fixed knot, based on this, the utility model arranges roller at fixed knot two ends, this cliding friction is friction of rolling, effectively reduces fixed knot end and the doubly wearing and tearing of speed belt, has improved their service life.
Stationary rack on fixed knot, installs gear on servomotor output shaft, and gear and rack drives coordinate; Servomotor will drive fixed knot up-and-down movement, fixed knot is the in the situation that of displacement, also will control active section does relative motion, it is the core component of whole lifting assembly, therefore need to guarantee the stability of fixed knot in motion process, based on this, the utility model, by the mode of rack-and-gear transmission is set between servomotor and fixed knot, has effectively guaranteed the demand of fixed knot to Stable sliding.
In order to improve the safety of tire sort process, further, tire sorting equipment also comprises the grille guard that is arranged in periphery, and the electric cabinet of servomotor is arranged in the outside of grille guard, and column bottom is provided with for being fixed in ground built-in fitting; The utility model, in operating process, is likely caused danger, such as: tire comes off or some high-altitude element falling on hand from machinery, and the utility model arranges grille guard at temporary library periphery for this reason, avoids dangerous and occurs; In addition, the electric cabinet of servomotor is arranged in grille guard outside, the operation of work operator safety; In order to guarantee that column is easily installed in ground, in column bottom, built-in fitting is set especially, improved the fastness of column.
The beneficial effects of the utility model are:
Manipulator can be along crossbeam laterally and longitudinal sliding motion, grasping part grasps tire, to realize the control of grasping part on four degree of freedom, can in available space, capture tire in optional position, realize operation flexibility, overall structure meets high rigidity, high-speed, accurately positioning control requirement, physical construction is stable, reliable, meet human engineering design, electrical control is stable, safety, meet the demand of automatic classification and piling, reduced the risk of cost of labor, labour intensity and artificial incorrect operation.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is tyre conveying line structure diagram in prior art.
Fig. 2 is the utility model integral layout schematic diagram in an embodiment.
Fig. 3 is grasping part of the present utility model structure diagram in an embodiment.
Fig. 4 is lifting assembly of the present utility model Facad structure sketch in an embodiment.
Fig. 5 is lifting assembly of the present utility model structure sketch in an embodiment.
Fig. 6 is lifting assembly of the present utility model construction profile sketch in an embodiment.
Fig. 7 is the structural representation of detent mechanism of the present utility model.
In accompanying drawing, 1. centering device; 2. column; 3. crossbeam; 4. manipulator; 5. the first servomotor; 6. binodal duplication acceleration mechanism; 7. grasping part; 8. inspection platform; 9. electric cabinet; 12. paw tools; 15. fixed knots; 16. active sections; 17. times of speed belts; 18. fixed knot line slideways; 19. walk crosswise support; 20. second servomotors; 21. tooth bars; 22. rollers; 23. active section fixed blocks; 24. times of speed belt fixed knots; 25. horizontal plates; 26. sorting platforms; 27. swing arms; 28. swing pinions; 29. axles; 30. revolving bars; 31. cylinder revolving bars; 32. cylinders; 36. from centering assembly; 37. grand cross dishes; 39. cylinder blocks; 41. little cross plates; 42. pivot shafts; 52. revolving bars; 53. strut bars.
The specific embodiment
Below in conjunction with drawings and Examples, the utility model is elaborated.
After sorting equipment is arranged in kinetic balance homogeneity detection line, be mainly used in the tire after detecting to classify and piling, it comprises column 2, crossbeam 3, sorting platform 26, manipulator 4, driving device hand 4 is along the first servomotor 5 of crossbeam cross motion, crossbeam 3 is across above two columns 2, sorting platform 26 is for load supporting tire, be provided with detent mechanism above, detent mechanism comprises cylinder 32 and centering device 1, cylinder 32 clutch end stationary links structures, centering device 1 one end is fixed on bar linkage structure, the other end is coaxially connected with swing pinion 28 by axle 29, cylinder 32 drives the cylinder revolving bar 31 being connected with cylinder bar, drive the revolving bar 30 hinged with cylinder revolving bar 31, swing arm 27 is fixed on revolving bar 30, motion thereupon, drive 4 swing pinion 28 locking phases to rotation, thereby drive the centering device 1 in swing arm 27 to rotate, straight-line motion is converted to rotatablely moving of swing pinion 28, thereby drive centering device 1 to rotate, complete fixed middle processing the to tire, manipulator 4 and crossbeam 3 bearing fits, comprise for grasping the grasping part of tire, and for controlling the vertical mobile lifting assembly in grasping part.
Because manipulator 4 is in piling process, vertical miles of relative movement is larger, in order to improve manipulator 4 motion in vertical direction, the present embodiment is designed to a kind of binodal duplication acceleration mechanism 6(referring to accompanying drawing 4,5 and 6 by lifting assembly), its structure is: lifting assembly integral body is fixed on to be walked crosswise on support 19, comprises fixed knot 15, active section 16 and the second servomotor 20, the longitudinal sheathed speed band 17 of fixed knot 15, this times of speed belt 17 seals, and 15 relative times of speed belts of fixed knot 17 slidably.Fixed knot 15 is inlaid on fixed knot line slideway 18, and this fixed knot line slideway 18 can be fixed on to be walked crosswise on support 19.Fixed knot 15 and the second servomotor 20 rack-gear type transmissions, tooth bar 21 can be arranged on to the back side (active section 16 1 sides are for positive) of fixed knot 15, the second servomotor 20 and with gear-linked, this gear and tooth bar 21 coordinate, and control fixed knot 15 and move up and down.Times speed belt 17 in fixed knot 15 fronts is fixedly connected with by active section fixed block 23 with one end of active section 16, during times speed belt 17 up-and-down movement, can drive active section 16 to do corresponding actions.Times speed belt 17 at fixed knot 15 back sides is fixed on and is walked crosswise on support 19 by a times speed belt fixed knot 24.Its course of action is: the second servomotor 20 starts, drive fixed knot 15 to move downward, because being fixed on, times speed belt 17 walks crosswise on support 19, cause, between times speed belt 17 and fixed knot 15, relative sliding occurs, that is: times speed belt 17 in fixed knot 15 fronts is with relative fixed knot 15 down slidings of identical speed, the active section 16 being fixed on like this on times speed belt 17 also just moves (that is: fixed knot 15 kinematic velocitys fixed knot 15 kinematic velocity sums relative to times speed belt 17) to double the speed of fixed knot 15, realizes fast lifting.Further improve, can roller 22 be set respectively in fixed knot 15 upper and lower end parts, avoid excessive because of friction force between times speed belt 17 and fixed knot 15, cause damage.
The active section 16 connection grasping parts, lower end 7 of lifting assembly, grasping part 7 is for grasping tire, in the present embodiment, this grasping part 7 adopts pneumatic type, comprise driving cylinder, grasp the paw tool 12 of tire, drive cylinder to be bolted on cylinder block 39, drive the clutch end of cylinder by being connected with pivot shaft 42 from centering assembly 36, the pivot shaft 42 sheathed grand cross dishes 37 in upper end, the pivot shaft 42 sheathed little cross plates 41 in lower end, the upper end of revolving bar 52 is hinged on the outside of grand cross dish 37, strut bar 53 upper ends are hinged on the middle part of revolving bar 52, lower end is hinged on the outside of little cross plate 41, paw tool 12 is arranged on the lower end of revolving bar 52, drive the lower part of cylinder and the top of pivot shaft 42 to be arranged with the axle sleeve being fixed together.Course of action is: drive cylinder to control two cross plates and move up and down along bolster 42, be converted to the parallel motion of paw tool 12, thereby can grasp control to tyre rim inside through revolving bar 52 and strut bar 53.
Meanwhile, sorting equipment is furnished with inspection platform 8, facilitates personnel to carry out inspection and maintenance care work to equipment.
The electric elements that the integrated sorting equipment of electric cabinet 9 needs, guarantee automation mechanized operation.

Claims (9)

1. a tire sorting equipment, comprises supporting mechanism, mechanism for sorting and actuating unit, it is characterized in that:
Supporting mechanism comprises column, across the sorting platform of the crossbeam above column and load supporting tire;
Mechanism for sorting comprises manipulator, manipulator and crossbeam bearing fit, and manipulator comprises for grasping the grasping part of tire, and the lifting assembly vertically moving for controlling grasping part;
Actuating unit comprises that driving device hand is along the first engine installation of crossbeam cross motion.
2. tire sorting equipment according to claim 1, is characterized in that: tire sorting equipment also comprises the detent mechanism being fixed on sorting platform.
3. tire sorting equipment according to claim 2, is characterized in that: detent mechanism comprise cylinder and fixed in part, cylinder clutch end stationary links structure, fixed in part one end be fixed on bar linkage structure, the other end and gear are coupling.
4. according to the arbitrary described tire sorting equipment of claim 1-3, it is characterized in that: grasping part comprises the paw tool that drives cylinder, transmission component and grasp tire, drive cylinder clutch end connection for transmission assembly, transmission component connects paw tool, and the vertical fore and aft motion of driving cylinder is converted to the horizontal folding of paw tool.
5. tire sorting equipment according to claim 4, is characterized in that: transmission component comprises and the transmission lever that drives cylinder cylinder bar to be connected, the cross plate that is sheathed on transmission lever two ends and the connecting rod hinged with cross plate, and paw tool is arranged on a connecting rod.
6. according to the arbitrary described tire sorting equipment of claim 1-3, it is characterized in that: lifting assembly integral installation is walking crosswise on bearing of coordinating with crossbeam, comprise fixed knot, active section and servomotor, driven by servomotor fixed knot be arranged on the line slideway of walking crosswise on bearing and move up and down and coordinate, the longitudinal sheathed speed band of fixed knot, a times speed belt for fixed knot one side is fixed on to be walked crosswise on bearing, and times speed belt of fixed knot opposite side is fixedly connected with active section end.
7. tire sorting equipment according to claim 6, is characterized in that: fixed knot two ends are provided with a roller that coordinates times speed belt to slide.
8. tire sorting equipment according to claim 7, is characterized in that: stationary rack on fixed knot, on servomotor output shaft, gear is installed, and gear and rack drives coordinate.
9. according to the arbitrary described tire sorting equipment of claim 1-3, it is characterized in that: the first engine installation adopts servomotor and reductor to form.
CN201320410395.3U 2013-07-10 2013-07-10 Tyre sorting device Active CN203461506U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201320410395.3U CN203461506U (en) 2013-07-10 2013-07-10 Tyre sorting device

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201320410395.3U CN203461506U (en) 2013-07-10 2013-07-10 Tyre sorting device

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Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103332487A (en) * 2013-07-10 2013-10-02 青岛科捷自动化设备有限公司 Tyre sorting device and tyre sorting method
CN104210842A (en) * 2014-09-05 2014-12-17 杭州朝阳橡胶有限公司 Tire blank taking device
CN104440625A (en) * 2014-12-04 2015-03-25 泰兴市和庆机械配件厂 Core ring sorting and grabbing system for grinding wheel production
CN107381038A (en) * 2017-06-26 2017-11-24 成都宝利根自动化技术有限公司 A kind of flexible feed appliance

Cited By (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103332487A (en) * 2013-07-10 2013-10-02 青岛科捷自动化设备有限公司 Tyre sorting device and tyre sorting method
CN103332487B (en) * 2013-07-10 2016-09-07 青岛科捷机器人有限公司 Tire sorting equipment and method for sorting
CN104210842A (en) * 2014-09-05 2014-12-17 杭州朝阳橡胶有限公司 Tire blank taking device
CN104210842B (en) * 2014-09-05 2016-08-17 杭州朝阳橡胶有限公司 A kind of unloading device of tyre of green tyres
CN104440625A (en) * 2014-12-04 2015-03-25 泰兴市和庆机械配件厂 Core ring sorting and grabbing system for grinding wheel production
CN104440625B (en) * 2014-12-04 2017-01-04 泰兴市和庆机械配件厂 A kind of emery wheel produces core ring sorting grasping system
CN107381038A (en) * 2017-06-26 2017-11-24 成都宝利根自动化技术有限公司 A kind of flexible feed appliance
CN107381038B (en) * 2017-06-26 2020-06-26 成都宝利根自动化技术有限公司 Flexible feeder

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Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
GR01 Patent grant
GR01 Patent grant
C41 Transfer of patent application or patent right or utility model
TR01 Transfer of patent right

Effective date of registration: 20160704

Address after: 266000 Shandong high tech Zone in Qingdao City, Jin Xuan Lu Kejie robot Industrial Park

Patentee after: Qingdao Kejie robot Co Ltd

Patentee after: Mesnac Co., Ltd.

Address before: 266045 Shandong province Qingdao City, Zhengzhou Road No. 43

Patentee before: Qingdao KINGER Automation Equipment Co., Ltd.

TR01 Transfer of patent right

Effective date of registration: 20210224

Address after: No. 321, Jinrong Road, high tech Zone, Qingdao City, Shandong Province 266000

Patentee after: QINGDAO KINGER ROBOT Co.,Ltd.

Address before: 266000 Kejie robot industrial park, Jinxuan Road, high tech Zone, Qingdao City, Shandong Province

Patentee before: QINGDAO KINGER ROBOT Co.,Ltd.

Patentee before: MESNAC Co.,Ltd.

TR01 Transfer of patent right