CN203289844U - Cropland plastic film residue picking machine - Google Patents

Cropland plastic film residue picking machine Download PDF

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Publication number
CN203289844U
CN203289844U CN2013203619014U CN201320361901U CN203289844U CN 203289844 U CN203289844 U CN 203289844U CN 2013203619014 U CN2013203619014 U CN 2013203619014U CN 201320361901 U CN201320361901 U CN 201320361901U CN 203289844 U CN203289844 U CN 203289844U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
machine
screen cloth
plastic film
frame
mulch film
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Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CN2013203619014U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
包玉成
Original Assignee
包玉成
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
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Priority to CN2013203619014U priority Critical patent/CN203289844U/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN203289844U publication Critical patent/CN203289844U/en
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

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Abstract

The utility model relates to agricultural devices, in particular to a cropland plastic film residue picking machine which comprises a machine frame (1), a soil shovel (4) and a screening mechanism and is characterized in that the screening mechanism is a screening device (7) fixed on the machine frame (1). The screening device (7) comprises a screen cloth ring (12) defined by screen cloth, and an upper opening of the screen cloth ring (12) is open. A screening disc (11) arranged horizontally is arranged on the lower portion in the screen cloth ring (12), a rotating shaft (14) is arranged under the screening disc (11) and in transmission with a power machine, an arch protection cover (13) defined by an inclined plate with a lower front portion and a higher rear portion is arranged on the screen cloth ring (12), and a fan (10) and a throwing pipe (9) are installed on the rear upper portion of the screening disc (11). The machine has the advantages that plastic film residues and fragments can be separated from soil blocks and sundries under attraction of air force and enter a container due to the fact that the plastic film residues and the fragments are light, and solves the problem that plastic film residues and sundries are difficult to separate and the small plastic film residues are screened back into the soil, the plastic film recycling rate reaches over 95%, and the agricultural requirement is met. The machine has the advantages of being simple in structure, low in cost, convenient to operate, reliable in performance and the like, and can be a main device for recycling the plastic film residues hopefully.

Description

The farmland mulch film picking up machine
Technical field
The utility model relates to a kind of farm machinery, i.e. a kind of farmland mulch film picking up machine.
Background technology
The farmland plastic mulching has preserve moisture and fertility, increases the effects such as ground temperature, is the important measures of agricultural produce., the mulch film recovery difficult of using is large, and the residual film in residual field can hinder plant growth for a long time.Therefore, the mulch film clearing and retrieving has caused people's extensive concern, and the facility that multiple mulch film reclaims are successively released in various places.Present plastic film reclaiming machine tool is all that the topsoil in field is scooped up, and soil is removed in the cage net cage screening through rotating, and obtains finally residual mulch film., because mulch film is very thin, broken degree varies, the foreign material such as the weeds in field, stubble are mixed in wherein in addition, are difficult to separately.Less diaphragm, can sieve go back to field with soil block, continues to work the mischief.Test factually analysis, the mulch film rate of recovery of existing plastic film reclaiming machine tool generally only has 80% left and right, is difficult to meet the demand that mulch film reclaims.
Summary of the invention
The purpose of this utility model is to provide a kind of can separating the residual film in farmland and foreign material, and can be the collected farmland of the broken film of fritter mulch film picking up machine.
Above-mentioned purpose is realized by following technical scheme: develop a kind of farmland mulch film picking up machine, comprise frame, mamoty and screening mechanism, be characterized in: said screening mechanism is a sifter that is fixed on frame, sifter has one to be surrounded by screen cloth and unlimited screen cloth circle suitable for reading, in the screen cloth circle, bottom is provided with the screen tray of horizontal, be provided with rotating shaft and the transmission of engine phase below screen tray, be provided with the arch guard shield that is surrounded by low early and high after inclined plate surface above the screen cloth circle, the back upper place of screen tray is equipped with fan and is thrown pipe.After during work, residual film and soil foreign material entered sifter, residual film was namely attracted to move to back upper place by fan and is thrown out of and collects after screen tray screening.
Said frame front is provided with the towing plate that articulates mutually with tractor, and the frame front upper part is provided with transmission case, and the front bottom of frame is provided with mamoty and conveyer belt successively, and the rear end of conveyer belt is relative with the opening between guard shield with the screen cloth circle of sifter.
The base plate that said fan has a slice to erect, the uniform multi-disc flabellum in base plate front, flabellum outer end crooked formation parabola.
A plurality of crushing claws that stretch obliquely upward are housed above said screen tray.
Said frame rear end is provided with container.
Said mamoty has the angular shovel piece of multi-disc front end, it is low early and high after skewed that each shovel piece is, the anterior side of perching knife has a hypotenuse, form sharp cutting edge of a knife or a sword with the straight flange of opposite side, point cutting edge of a knife or a sword root, by receiving in circular arc, makes the part of back narrow down, and has riser to support below shovel piece, be fixed on below riser on crossbeam, leave gap between each shovel piece.
Be provided with the pusher dog that rotates above said mamoty under transmission mechanism drives.
The beneficial effects of the utility model are: residual film fragment proportion separates with soil block and foreign material under wind-force attracts than I, and enter container, residual film is difficult to separate with foreign material and broken little residual film reclaims a difficult difficult problem thereby solved, the mulch film rate of recovery reaches more than 95%, reached the requirement of agronomy, and have the advantages such as simple in structure, cheap, easy to operate, dependable performance, be expected to become the facility of promoting mainly that residual film reclaims.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is the front view of the first embodiment;
Fig. 2 is the vertical view of the first embodiment;
Fig. 3 is the front view of the parts sifter of the first embodiment;
Fig. 4 is the left view of the parts sifter of the first embodiment;
Fig. 5 is the vertical view of the parts sifter of the first embodiment;
Fig. 6 is the front view of the parts screen tray of the first embodiment;
Fig. 7 is the left view of the parts screen tray of the first embodiment;
Fig. 8 is the vertical view of the parts screen tray of the first embodiment; The fan fan is faced upward
Fig. 9 is the front view of the parts screen cloth circle of the first embodiment;
Figure 10 is the left view of the parts screen cloth circle of the first embodiment;
Figure 11 is the vertical view of the parts screen cloth circle of the first embodiment;
Figure 12 is the front view of the parts guard shield of the first embodiment;
Figure 13 is the left view of the parts guard shield of the first embodiment;
Figure 14 is the vertical view of the parts guard shield of the first embodiment;
Figure 15 is the front view of the parts conveyer belt of the first embodiment;
Figure 16 is the vertical view of the parts conveyer belt of the first embodiment;
Figure 17 is the front view of the parts fan of the first embodiment;
Figure 18 is the left view of the parts fan of the first embodiment;
Figure 19 is the front view of the parts mamoty of the first embodiment;
Figure 20 is the left view of the parts mamoty of the first embodiment;
Figure 21 is the parts mamoty of the first embodiment and the front view of pusher dog;
Figure 22 is the working state schematic representation of the first embodiment.
In figure as seen: frame 1, transmission case 2, towing plate 3, mamoty 4, land wheel 5, conveyer belt 6, sifter 7, container 8, throw pipe 9, fan 10, screen tray 11, screen cloth circle 12, guard shield 13, rotating shaft 14, crushing claw 15, screen tray frame 16, reinforcing bar 17, base plate 18, flabellum 19, blower tray 20, perching knife 21, crossbeam 22, riser 23, pusher dog 24.
Embodiment
The total design of the utility model is the suction function by wind-force, the residual film through screening is attracted out centralized recovery.Below around this design, introduce a kind of embodiment:
By Fig. 1,2 as seen, the frame 1 of this facility is hitch frames, and front is provided with the towing plate 3 that articulates with tractor, and land wheel 5 is equipped with in both sides, and the land wheel 5 here has two pairs, can certainly only have a pair of.The front upper part of frame 1 is equipped with transmission case 2, and the power transmission shaft that joins with tractor motive power output shaft is stretched out in transmission case 2 fronts, and horizontal power transmission shaft is stretched out in side, by transmission devices such as belt or chains, power is passed to each moving component.Be provided with a casting shovel 4 in the front bottom of frame 1, a vice-belt 6 is equipped with in the back of mamoty 4.Be exactly the sifter 7 that is fixed on frame 1 again, container 8 is equipped with in sifter 7 back backward, and there is a fan 10 back upper place of sifter 7, and fan 10 tops have one to throw pipe 9, throws the suitable for reading relative of pipe 9 end and container 8.
In conjunction with Fig. 3 Fig. 4 Fig. 5 as seen: sifter 7 has the screen tray 11 of a horizontal, in conjunction with Fig. 6 Fig. 7 Fig. 8 as seen: screen tray 11 is the porous sieves by many reinforcing bar welding, below be fixed with rotating shaft 14, rotating shaft 14 is arranged on frame by screen tray frame 16, and by drive and the transmission of drive disk assembly phase.Be provided with the crushing claw 15 that stretches obliquely upward that branched bar dowel is made on screen tray 11.In conjunction with tu9tu10 Figure 11 as seen: a screen cloth circle 12 that is surrounded by screen cloth is arranged above screen tray 11, and screen cloth circle 12 is suitable for reading to be opened wide, and trailing flank tilts to back upper place, and screen cloth circle 12 bottoms are fixed on frame 1.In conjunction with Fig. 2 Figure 13 Figure 14 as seen: guard shield 13 of the top installation of screen cloth circle 12, guard shield 13 is the arch shaped bodies that surrounded by a low early and high after inclined plate surface, its rear openings is relative in fan 10.
In conjunction with Figure 15 Figure 16 as seen: conveyer belt 6 is contained in the front bottom of frame 1, and two is driven by sprocket wheel, between can adopt reinforcing bar 17 to form apertured, can carry out preliminary screening to material.Certainly, this conveyer belt 6 can be also airtight, and all materials are all sent into sifter 7 and sieved.
In conjunction with Figure 17 Figure 18 as seen: fan 10 has the base plate 18 of a setting, and a side of base plate is equipped with three flabellums 19, and the opposite side of base plate 17 is provided with fan shaft, and fan shaft is contained on blower tray 20, and fan shaft is by drive and the transmission of engine phase.Fan is contained in the back upper place of screen cloth circle 12, after starting, the space between screen cloth circle 12 and guard shield 13 is produced negative pressure, attracts material to enter with the wind to throw pipe 9 to dish out.
In conjunction with Figure 19 Figure 20 as seen: the mamoty 4 that install frame 1 front lower place has multi-disc perching knife 21, and perching knife is low early and high after inclined-plane after installing, and leaves gap between each perching knife 21.The anterior side of each perching knife 21 has a hypotenuse, with the straight flange of opposite side, forms sharp cutting edge of a knife or a sword, and sharp cutting edge of a knife or a sword root, by receiving in circular arc, makes the part of back narrow down, thereby two gaps between adjacent perching knife 21 are strengthened.Below by a slice riser 23, supporting of perching knife 21, riser Shang Xia 23 flanging fix with top perching knife and following crossbeam 22 respectively by bolt, crossbeam 22 two ends and frame 1 are connected.
In conjunction with Figure 21 as seen: a plurality of pusher dogs 24 are housed above mamoty 4, the form of pusher dog 24 has multiple, figure only exemplifies a kind of: branched pusher dog 24 is contained in around a rotating shaft, and rotating shaft is rotated under the drive of power, and pusher dog 24 can be allocated to the material above perching knife conveyer belt 6.Certainly, this structure is only in the situation that Flow of Goods and Materials smooth selecting not, otherwise can.
In conjunction with Figure 22 as seen: during work, this facility are articulated in the back of tractor, the power take-off of tractor is by after the transmission case speed change, then power is divided and passes to screen tray 9, fan 10, conveyer belt 6 etc. and locate.The mamoty 4 of frame 1 front bottom scoops up the soil of topsoil together with materials such as residual film, weeds stubbles, the foreign material such as the weeds stubble that is difficult to cut flow away by the gap between perching knife 21, the conveyer belt 6 that rest materials is thrown to back by being used to power, conveyer belt 6 is delivered to material in sifter 7, pulverized on the screen tray 11 that rotates, lighter diaphragm is attracted upwards operation and is thrown pipe 9 to throw away by fan, falls into container 8, and heavier soil block and foreign material fall from screen tray 9.
Prove through many experiments, this equipment all is greatly improved than other various residual film rate of recovery of the mechanism of vibrosieve that only depend on, and adopts the method for the multi-point sampling analysis proof of testing, and the residual film rate of recovery is up to 99.75%, be not less than 95%, meet existing agriculture requirement.

Claims (7)

1. farmland mulch film picking up machine, comprise frame (1), mamoty (4) and screening mechanism, it is characterized in that: said screening mechanism is a sifter (7) that is fixed on frame (1), sifter (7) has one to be surrounded by screen cloth and unlimited screen cloth circle (12) suitable for reading, the interior bottom of screen cloth circle (12) is provided with the screen tray (11) of horizontal, be provided with rotating shaft (14) and the transmission of engine phase below screen tray (11), be provided with the arch guard shield (13) that is surrounded by low early and high after inclined plate surface above screen cloth circle (12), the back upper place of screen tray (11) is equipped with fan (10) and is thrown pipe (9).
2. farmland according to claim 1 mulch film picking up machine, it is characterized in that: said frame (1) front portion is provided with the towing plate (3) that articulates mutually with tractor, frame (1) front upper part is provided with transmission case (2), the front bottom of frame (1) is provided with mamoty (4) and conveyer belt (6) successively, and the rear end of conveyer belt (6) is relative with the opening between guard shield (13) with the screen cloth circle (12) of sifter (7).
3. farmland according to claim 1 mulch film picking up machine, it is characterized in that: the base plate (18) that said fan (10) has a slice to erect, the uniform multi-disc flabellum in base plate (18) front (19), flabellum (19) outer end crooked formation parabola.
4. farmland according to claim 1 mulch film picking up machine, is characterized in that: a plurality of crushing claws (15) that stretch obliquely upward are housed above said screen tray (11).
5. farmland according to claim 1 mulch film picking up machine, it is characterized in that: said frame (1) rear end is provided with container (8).
6. farmland according to claim 1 mulch film picking up machine, it is characterized in that: said mamoty (4) has the angular perching knife of multi-disc front end (21), it is low early and high after skewed that each perching knife (21) is, the anterior side of perching knife (21) has a hypotenuse, form sharp cutting edge of a knife or a sword with the straight flange of opposite side, point cutting edge of a knife or a sword root is by receiving in circular arc, make the part of back narrow down, there is riser (23) to support below perching knife (21), be fixed on below riser (23) on crossbeam (22), each perching knife leaves gap between (21).
7. farmland according to claim 1 mulch film picking up machine, is characterized in that: be provided with the pusher dog (24) that rotates above said mamoty (4) under transmission mechanism drives.
CN2013203619014U 2013-06-20 2013-06-20 Cropland plastic film residue picking machine Expired - Fee Related CN203289844U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2013203619014U CN203289844U (en) 2013-06-20 2013-06-20 Cropland plastic film residue picking machine

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2013203619014U CN203289844U (en) 2013-06-20 2013-06-20 Cropland plastic film residue picking machine

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN203289844U true CN203289844U (en) 2013-11-20

Family

ID=49565898

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN2013203619014U Expired - Fee Related CN203289844U (en) 2013-06-20 2013-06-20 Cropland plastic film residue picking machine

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN203289844U (en)

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103314665A (en) * 2013-06-20 2013-09-25 包玉成 Cropland mulching film picking machine
CN104161018A (en) * 2014-08-14 2014-11-26 浙江省农业科学院 Fly maggot separator
CN109601032A (en) * 2019-02-26 2019-04-12 梁国灏 A kind of stalk pole jack

Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103314665A (en) * 2013-06-20 2013-09-25 包玉成 Cropland mulching film picking machine
CN103314665B (en) * 2013-06-20 2016-04-27 包玉成 Farmland mulch collecting machine
CN104161018A (en) * 2014-08-14 2014-11-26 浙江省农业科学院 Fly maggot separator
CN104161018B (en) * 2014-08-14 2016-09-07 浙江省农业科学院 Fly larvae seperator
CN109601032A (en) * 2019-02-26 2019-04-12 梁国灏 A kind of stalk pole jack
CN109601032B (en) * 2019-02-26 2022-06-14 山东合创新材料有限公司 Straw stalk pulling machine

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C14 Grant of patent or utility model
GR01 Patent grant
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20131120

Termination date: 20160620