CN202955737U - Straw or firewood heating furnace - Google Patents

Straw or firewood heating furnace Download PDF

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Publication number
CN202955737U
CN202955737U CN2012207260044U CN201220726004U CN202955737U CN 202955737 U CN202955737 U CN 202955737U CN 2012207260044 U CN2012207260044 U CN 2012207260044U CN 201220726004 U CN201220726004 U CN 201220726004U CN 202955737 U CN202955737 U CN 202955737U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
ash
burner hearth
storage bin
heating
storing bin
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Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CN2012207260044U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
于增龙
Original Assignee
于增龙
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by 于增龙 filed Critical 于增龙
Priority to CN2012207260044U priority Critical patent/CN202955737U/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN202955737U publication Critical patent/CN202955737U/en
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02BCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO BUILDINGS, e.g. HOUSING, HOUSE APPLIANCES OR RELATED END-USER APPLICATIONS
    • Y02B40/00Technologies aiming at improving the efficiency of home appliances, e.g. induction cooking or efficient technologies for refrigerators, freezers or dish washers

Abstract

The utility model relates to household heating equipment, namely a straw or firewood heating furnace. The heating furnace comprises a cylindrical straw storage bin, a hearth, an ash storage bin and an exhaust pipe arranged above the hearth. The straw storage bin, the hearth and the ash storage bin are connected into a whole from top to bottom sequentially. Hot water heating cavities of which the inner parts are communicated with one another are formed in the surrounding wall and on the top of the hearth and around the exhaust pipe, a heating water feeding pipe of the hot water heating cavities is positioned on the exhaust pipe, and a heating water return pipe of the hot water heating cavities is positioned on the lower part of the hearth. The heating furnace overcomes the defects of bulkiness, energy waste and low efficiency of the conventional furnace, can remarkably improve the fuel heat efficiency, has the characteristics of simple structure, fuel saving, low cost, low heat loss, strong heat absorbing capability, safety, reliability and the like, provides a condition for saving coal and electricity sources by using straws and firewood, and achieves an ideal labor-saving, money-saving and environment-friendly effect.

Description

Stalk, firewood for heating stove
Technical field
The utility model relates to a kind of household heating equipment, i.e. a kind of stalk, firewood for heating stove.Be mainly used in the places such as family in rural area.
Background technology
In the past, China's agriculture district is the main fuel heated mainly with agricultural crop straw or faggot, but its thermal efficiency is very low, generally only has 10%, and waste of fuel is very serious.Because structure is not too reasonable, do not have good heating effect, often to add a large amount of faggots, can not heating effect, and stalk and faggot ash content, flue gas are larger, to the people, especially to children with there is the elderly's health of respiratory disease unfavorable.
Along with the living standard in expanding economy ,Nong district improves rapidly, also there have been the various cooking stoves that use coal, combustion gas or electric energy in many rural areas.In this case, surplus has appearred in stalk and faggot, is difficult to process, and burns not only easily initiation fire, and has caused air pollution.In recent years, people's consciousness and environmental consciousness generally improve, any straw/firewood that takes full advantage of, and it is turned waste into wealth becomes many people's research topic.At present, have the technology of utilizing of some stalks, faggot., how to utilize stalk, firewood for heating also there is no ripe invention, this becomes a problem demanding prompt solution.
Summary of the invention
The purpose of this utility model is that a kind of simple and reasonable, stalk, firewood for heating stove that the thermal efficiency is high will be provided.
The purpose of this utility model realizes by following design:
A kind of stalk, firewood for heating stove, comprise the smoke exhaust pipe that install columnar grass storage bin, burner hearth, ash-storing bin and burner hearth side top.Grass storage bin, burner hearth, ash-storing bin are connected as a single entity successively from top to bottom.Centre position between grass storage bin and burner hearth has a blanking port; Be equipped with the fire bars of grey use between burner hearth bottom and ash-storing bin.One igniting closing door is arranged on burner hearth sidewall; One ash-storing bin door is arranged on the ash-storing bin sidewall.In the peripheral wall of burner hearth and top, and at the periphery of smoke exhaust pipe, the hot water heating chamber that all has one deck inside to be connected, the heating upper hose in hot water heating chamber is positioned on smoke exhaust pipe, and the heating water return pipe in hot water heating chamber is positioned at lower furnace portion.
The utility model overcome traditional cooking stove heavy, waste energy, inefficient shortcoming, can significantly improve fuel thermal efficiency, have simple in structure, fuel saving, with low cost, the characteristics such as the loss of heat is little, heat absorption capacity is strong, safe and reliable, thereby for utilizing straw/firewood, save the coal electric resources condition is provided, reached ideal effect laborsaving, economical, environmental protection.
The accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is structural representation sketch of the present utility model,
Fig. 2 is the left view of Fig. 1.
In figure:
1, grass storage bin; 2, seal groove; 3, upper cover; 4, burner hearth; 5, hot water heating chamber; 6, igniting closing door; 7, sealing fire-proof asbestos; 8, smoke exhaust pipe; 9, heating upper hose; 10, heating water return pipe; 11, fire bars; 12, angle bar; 13, ash-storing bin; 14, ash-storing bin door; 15, air inlet catch; 16, sealing ear; 17, blanking port; 18, air admission hole.
The specific embodiment
Referring to Fig. 1, Fig. 2, the utility model is a kind of stalk, firewood for heating stove, comprises the smoke exhaust pipe 8 that install columnar grass storage bin 1, burner hearth 4, ash-storing bin 13 and burner hearth 4 side tops.Grass storage bin 1, burner hearth 4, ash-storing bin 13 are connected as a single entity successively from top to bottom.Grass storage bin 1 top is a circle seal groove 2, in seal groove 2, is filled with water, and upper cover 3 edges of grass storage bin 1 are a circle sealing ear 16, and when upper cover 3 covers on grass storage bin 1, sealing ear 16 is inserted in the water of seal groove 2, and grass storage bin 1 is sealed.Centre position between grass storage bin 1 and burner hearth 4 has a blanking port 17.Be equipped with the fire bars 11 of grey use between burner hearth 4 bottoms and ash-storing bin 13, fire bars 11 is supported by the angle bar 12 that is fixed on ash-storing bin 13 tops.One igniting closing door 6 is arranged on burner hearth 4 sidewalls, and igniting closing door 6 peripheries have a circle sealing fire-proof asbestos 7, when closing igniting closing door 6, can, by burner hearth 4 and extraneous sealing, improve the thermal effect benefit.One ash-storing bin door 14 is arranged on ash-storing bin 13 sidewalls, ash-storing bin door 14 centers are equipped with revolving air inlet catch 15, air admission hole 18 on it and ash-storing bin door 14 is complementary, by air inlet catch 15, the amount of blocking on air admission hole 18 determines air inlet amount in stove, and in stove, temperature can be controlled by air inlet catch 15.Ash-storing bin door 14 peripheries have a circle sealing fire-proof asbestos 7, seal.
The critical design of the utility model is: in the peripheral wall of burner hearth 4 and top, and at the periphery of smoke exhaust pipe 8, the hot water heating chamber 5 that all has one deck inside to be connected, the heating upper hose 9 in hot water heating chamber 5 is positioned on smoke exhaust pipe 8, and the heating water return pipe 10 in hot water heating chamber 5 is positioned at burner hearth 4 bottoms.Like this, the temperature in burner hearth 4 and smoke exhaust pipe 8, by after the water in hot water heating chamber 5 heating, outputs to hot water in indoor pipeline by heating upper hose 9, then flows to heating water return pipe 10 and enter in hot water heating chamber 5, forms the hot water cyclesystem of indoor heating.
Application process of the present utility model is:
At first by heating system, hot water is heated in chamber 5 and coupled interior conduit and is filled up water.Then open upper cover 3, ready faggot is joined in grass storage bin 1, fill up by tightly.In the interior topped up with water of seal groove 2, build upper cover, utilize sealing ear 16 and the water in seal groove 2 to be sealed grass storage bin 1.Such purpose is to cause the oxygen after-flame in grass storage bin 1 after burner hearth 4 burning, makes grass storage bin 1 form airtight incombustible environment, with the faggot that prevents that flare in burner hearth 4 from igniting in grass storage bin 1.
At this moment open the igniting closing door 6 on burner hearth 4, the faggot than being easier to light is joined in burner hearth 4, light.The stove cigarette is discharged in adobe kang from smoke exhaust pipe 8, through flue, is discharged to outdoor.
During fiery normal combustion in burner hearth 4, water in hot water heating chamber 5 on burner hearth 4 furnace walls and smoke exhaust pipe 8 can produce rapidly high temperature under the stove fire effect, when water temperature reaches boiling point, will produce a kind of expansion motive force, under the effect of this motive force, water in hot water heating chamber 5 flows in heating system through heating upper hose 9, flow back to hot water heating chamber 5 from heating water return pipe 10 again and again heat through pipeline, radiator, thereby system produces thermal cycle.
Meanwhile, can add faggot continuously in burner hearth by igniting hermatic door 6, preferably can add the faggot of some anti-burnings, as: little wood fragments head piece, corncob, the things such as soybean stalk, when sensation spreader surface temperature reaches six, 70 while spending, and closes igniting hermatic door 6.
Now the faggot in grass storage bin 1 is under the baking of stove fire, can produce gradually distortion falls, fall 4 li burnings of burner hearth by blanking port 17, restriction due to blanking port 17 sizes, faggot in grass storage bin 1 is evenly fallen in order naturally, keep certain continuity with regard to the flame that makes 4 li, burner hearth like this, after burning a period of time, faggot in grass storage bin 1 also can reduce gradually, now can open upper cover 3 and observe, in case of necessity, can be again to the interior interpolation faggot of grass storage bin 1, fill up equally by tightly, good seal upper cover 3, reach the needs of heating temperature with this.
The ashes that burner hearth is 4 li need periodic cleaning.During cleaning, open ash-storing bin door 14, with instrument, the ashes of 4 li, burner hearth are cleared up to 13 li of ash-storing bins from fire bars 11, open ash-storing bin door 14 use scoops ashes are cleaned out, then close ashes door 14.Allow stove fire burn away.When running into very cold, when indoor temperature is low especially, can directly to burner hearth, 4 li, adding the faggot of some anti-burnings more, make the temperature of 4 radiators higher, guarantee indoor suitable temperature with this.

Claims (6)

1. a stalk, firewood for heating stove, comprise the smoke exhaust pipe (8) that install columnar grass storage bin (1), burner hearth (4), ash-storing bin (13) and burner hearth (4) side top; Grass storage bin (1), burner hearth (4), ash-storing bin (13) are connected as a single entity successively from top to bottom; Centre position between grass storage bin (1) and burner hearth (4) has a blanking port (17); Be equipped with the fire bars (11) of grey use between burner hearth (4) bottom and ash-storing bin (13); One igniting closing door (6) is arranged on burner hearth (4) sidewall; One ash-storing bin door (14) is arranged on ash-storing bin (13) sidewall; It is characterized in that: in the peripheral wall of burner hearth (4) and top, and at the periphery of smoke exhaust pipe (8), the hot water heating chamber (5) that all has one deck inside to be connected, it is upper that the heating upper hose (9) in hot water heating chamber (5) is positioned at smoke exhaust pipe (8), and the heating water return pipe (10) of hot water heating chamber (5) is positioned at burner hearth (4) bottom.
2. heat supply stove according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described grass storage bin (1) top is a circle seal groove (2), and seal groove is filled with water in (2); Upper cover (3) edge of grass storage bin (1) is a circle sealing ear (16), and upper cover (3) covers when grass storage bin (1) is upper, and sealing ear (16) is inserted in the water of seal groove (2).
3. heat supply stove according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described fire bars (11) is supported by the angle bar (12) that is fixed on ash-storing bin (13) top.
4. heat supply stove according to claim 1 is characterized in that: described igniting closing door (6) periphery has a circle sealing fire-proof asbestos (7).
5. heat supply stove according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described ash-storing bin door (14) center is equipped with revolving air inlet catch (15), and the air admission hole (18) on it and ash-storing bin door (14) is complementary.
6. heat supply stove according to claim 1 or 5, it is characterized in that: described ash-storing bin door (14) periphery has a circle sealing fire-proof asbestos (7).
CN2012207260044U 2012-12-12 2012-12-12 Straw or firewood heating furnace Expired - Fee Related CN202955737U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2012207260044U CN202955737U (en) 2012-12-12 2012-12-12 Straw or firewood heating furnace

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2012207260044U CN202955737U (en) 2012-12-12 2012-12-12 Straw or firewood heating furnace

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN202955737U true CN202955737U (en) 2013-05-29

Family

ID=48461307

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN2012207260044U Expired - Fee Related CN202955737U (en) 2012-12-12 2012-12-12 Straw or firewood heating furnace

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN202955737U (en)

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105333608A (en) * 2014-08-08 2016-02-17 天津市凯普森冷暖设备有限公司 Biomass warm air blower

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105333608A (en) * 2014-08-08 2016-02-17 天津市凯普森冷暖设备有限公司 Biomass warm air blower
CN105333608B (en) * 2014-08-08 2019-01-22 天津市凯普森冷暖设备有限公司 A kind of biomass warm-air drier

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Date Code Title Description
C14 Grant of patent or utility model
GR01 Patent grant
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20130529

Termination date: 20161212

CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee