CN105333608B - A kind of biomass warm-air drier - Google Patents

A kind of biomass warm-air drier Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105333608B
CN105333608B CN201410389437.9A CN201410389437A CN105333608B CN 105333608 B CN105333608 B CN 105333608B CN 201410389437 A CN201410389437 A CN 201410389437A CN 105333608 B CN105333608 B CN 105333608B
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heat dissipation
box
heat
biological particles
hopper
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CN201410389437.9A
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CN105333608A (en
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李志伟
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TIANJIN KAI PUSEN HEATING EQUIPMENT Co Ltd
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TIANJIN KAI PUSEN HEATING EQUIPMENT Co Ltd
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Abstract

The present invention provides a kind of biomass warm-air drier, including heat dissipation tank, hopper, biological particles combustion box and microcomputer controller;The hopper is internally provided with feeding spiro rod and biological particles, and the feeding spiro rod is connected with driving motor;Overheat sensor and combustion furnace are provided in the biologic grain combustion box, combustion furnace is connected by feed pipe with hopper;It is provided with heat accumulation pipe in the heat dissipation tank, which is connected with air-introduced machine, is connected at the top of lower end and heat transfer cinder box, the heat dissipation chamber interior wall is evenly arranged with several blowholes, and inner wall outside where the blowhole is provided with air blower;The present invention generates heat by combustion furnace biomass burning particle, and diffusion reaches heating purpose to the thermal energy for obtaining biomass burning particle by blower through heat accumulation pipe rapidly in air indoors.The present invention has energy conservation and environmental protection, and noise is small, and heat dissipation area is big, and high-efficiency low-emission is safe and practical, the advantages of having a wide range of application.

Description

A kind of biomass warm-air drier
Technical field
The invention belongs to heating technology apparatus fields, more particularly, to a kind of biomass warm-air drier.
Background technique
Currently, the major product for carrying out heat cycles to room air has air conditioner, electric heater, fuel heater unit and combustion Hot air heating blower etc., the common drawback of these heating equipments be it is at high cost, energy consumption is big, operating cost is expensive, not environmentally;It is existing simultaneously Not only runing time is limited for such equipment in technology, and area of heat-supply service is small, and heating effect is poor, and structure is also sufficiently complex, also A large amount of noise can be generated.
Summary of the invention
The problem to be solved in the present invention is to provide a kind of energy conservation and environmental protections, and noise is small, and heat dissipation area is big, high-efficiency low-emission, safety Biomass warm-air drier that is practical, having a wide range of application.
In order to solve the above technical problems, the technical solution adopted by the present invention is that: a kind of biomass warm-air drier, including heat dissipation Case, hopper, biological particles combustion box and microcomputer controller, the heat dissipation tank are disposed adjacent with biological particles combustion box, The hopper is located at heat dissipation tank and biological particles combustion box rear, and the microcomputer controller is set to biological particles burning Case upper end;The hopper is internally provided with feeding spiro rod and biological particles, and the feeding spiro rod is connected with driving motor, institute Biological particles are stated to make an addition to above feeding spiro rod;It is provided with overheat sensor and combustion furnace in the biologic grain combustion box, The overheat sensor is set on biologic grain combustion box wall box, and the combustion furnace is set to biologic grain combustion box case Body bottom is connected by feed pipe with hopper, and device for igniting is provided in the combustion furnace, and the device for igniting is arranged with fire grate, Grey room is provided with below the fire grate;It is provided with heat accumulation pipe in the heat dissipation tank, which is connected with air-introduced machine, this draws Blower is connected with air outlet, is connected at the top of the heat accumulation pipe lower end and heat transfer cinder box, the heat transfer cinder box is set to heat dissipation Bottom portion, one end are provided with cleaning door, and the other end is connected with combustion furnace, are provided with backgauge between the heat transfer cinder box and combustion furnace Vertical net, the heat dissipation chamber interior wall are evenly arranged with several blowholes, and inner wall outside where the blowhole is provided with air blower;It is described Detachable chimney is provided on air outlet.
Heat-resisting material is enclosed with outside the feed pipe.
Above the hopper, case lid is hinged with outside biological particles combustion box side and cleaning door.
The hopper side wall is provided with observation window.
The case lid of the cleaning door is internally provided with sealing asbestos.
The overheat sensor, device for igniting, air blower and driving motor are formed between microcomputer controller and are electrically connected.
The air-introduced machine is shielding blower.
The biological particles are pine compressed particle class or straw compression particulate species.
Detachable protective net is installed outside the heat dissipation tank.
Due to the adoption of the above technical scheme, microcomputer controller control driving motor drives the rotation of feeding spiro rod in hopper Number and interval time, and then feeding amount is controlled, motor can stop biological particles supply when transfiniting against the wind, carry out safe guarantor Shield;The biological particles that fuel uses, preferably pine compressed particle class or straw compression particulate species, though the two fuel value is not Together, the thermal efficiency of generation difference, but not only price is low for the two, cost capable of reducing using, and high-efficiency low-emission, energy-saving ring It protects;It is enclosed with heat-resisting material outside feed pipe, the noise generated when feed pipe blanking can be reduced;It is not only made an uproar using shielding blower Sound is small, and is controlled by blast switch, and included blast switch can be in the case where failure no pressure, and the switch is automatically turned off, So that fuel is no longer burnt, plays a protective role;Microcomputer controller close after, motor stop particle supply, but air-introduced machine and Air blower still can work a period of time, two blowers are simultaneously stopped work after waste heat disperses, not only energy conservation but also play safeguard protection Effect;Overheat sensor in biological particles combustion box equally plays the role of protection, and both of the above pacifies entire warm-air drier It is complete practical;By the above characteristic, the present invention can be applicable to office building, villa, greenhouse or grange etc., and application range is very Extensively.
The present invention generates heat by combustion furnace biomass burning particle, makes biomass burning by blower through heat accumulation pipe Diffusion reaches heating purpose to the thermal energy that particle obtains rapidly in air indoors, and occupied area is small, and heating area is big, saves It is previous such the device is complicated installs and uses program, saved operating cost, therefore the present invention can not only fire under controllable state With biomass granule fuel, and it is not required to separately connecting pipe and heat dissipation equipment again, is placed directly within the room that need to be heated with warm wind shape Formula heating, the new model of the biomass warm-air drier promote the sustainable of social economy to China's conventional energy resource pressure is alleviated Development and the improvement of ecological environment are all of great significance.
The beneficial effects of the present invention are: having energy conservation and environmental protection, noise is small, and heat dissipation area is big, and high-efficiency low-emission is safe and practical, The advantages of having a wide range of application.
Detailed description of the invention
It is specifically described the present invention below with reference to attached drawing and in conjunction with example, advantages of the present invention and implementation will It is more obvious, wherein content only for the purpose of explanation of the present invention shown in attached drawing, without constitute to it is of the invention in all senses On limitation, in the accompanying drawings:
Fig. 1 is whole schematic view of the front view of the invention
Fig. 2 is main view of internal structure of the invention
Fig. 3 is right side structural representation of the invention
Fig. 4 is right view schematic diagram of internal structure of the invention
Fig. 5 is left view structural representation of the invention
Fig. 6 is left view schematic diagram of internal structure of the invention
Fig. 7 is overlooking structure diagram of the invention
Fig. 8 is vertical view schematic diagram of internal structure of the invention
In figure:
1, heat dissipation tank 2, hopper 3, biological particles combustion box
4, microcomputer controller 5, feeding spiro rod 6, biological particles
7, driving motor 8, overheat sensor 9, combustion furnace
10, feed pipe 11, heat accumulation pipe 12, air outlet
13, conduct heat cinder box 14, backgauge vertical net 15, blowhole
16, air blower 17, chimney 18, case lid
19, asbestos 20, protective net 21, air-introduced machine are sealed
201, observation window 901, device for igniting 902, fire grate
903, grey room 1301, cleaning door
Specific embodiment
As shown in Figures 1 to 8, a kind of biomass warm-air drier of the present invention, including the combustion of heat dissipation tank 1, hopper 2, biological particles Saggar 3 and microcomputer controller 4, the heat dissipation tank 1 are disposed adjacent with biological particles combustion box 3, and the hopper 2 is located at heat dissipation Case 1 and 3 rear of biological particles combustion box, the microcomputer controller 4 are set to 3 upper end of biological particles combustion box;It is described Hopper 2 is internally provided with feeding spiro rod 5 and biological particles 6, and the feeding spiro rod 5 is connected with driving motor 7, the biology Matter particle 6 makes an addition to 5 top of feeding spiro rod;Overheat sensor 8 and combustion furnace 9, institute are provided in the biologic grain combustion box 3 It states overheat sensor 8 to be set on 3 wall box of biologic grain combustion box, the combustion furnace 9 is set to biologic grain combustion box 3 The bottom of box is connected by feed pipe 10 with hopper 2, is provided with device for igniting 901 in the combustion furnace 9, under the device for igniting 901 It is provided with fire grate 902, grey room 903 is provided with below the fire grate 902;It is provided with heat accumulation pipe 11 in the heat dissipation tank 1, the heat accumulation pipe 11 upper ends are connected with air-introduced machine 21, which is connected with air outlet 12,11 lower end of heat accumulation pipe and heat transfer cinder box 13 tops are connected, and the heat transfer cinder box 13 is set to 1 bottom of heat dissipation tank, and one end is provided with cleaning door 1301, the other end and combustion It burns furnace 9 to be connected, backgauge is provided between the heat transfer cinder box 13 and combustion furnace 9 and founds net 14,1 inner wall of heat dissipation tank is uniformly arranged There are several blowholes 15, which is provided with air blower 16;It is provided on the air outlet 12 removable Unload chimney 17;Aluminosilicate material is enclosed with outside the feed pipe 10;2 top of hopper, 3 side of biological particles combustion box With case lid 18 is hinged with outside cleaning door 1301;2 side wall of hopper is provided with observation window 201;The cleaning door 1301 Case lid is internally provided with sealing asbestos 19;The overheat sensor 8, device for igniting 901, air blower 16 and driving motor 7 with it is micro- Electrical connection is formed between computer controller 4;The air-introduced machine 21 is shielding blower;The biological particles 6 are pine compression Grain or straw compression particle;Detachable protective net 20 is installed outside the heat dissipation tank 1.
The course of work of this example: by use fuel be pine compressed particle for, by pine compressed particle be added hopper 2 In, starting microcomputer controller 4 opens warm-air drier, and room temperature and predetermined temperature can be shown on 4 display screen of microcomputer controller Degree, according to the temperature difference of predetermined temperature and room temperature, microcomputer controller 4 controls driving motor 7 and drives feeding spiro rod in hopper 2 5 number of revolutions and interval time, and then feeding amount is controlled, motor can stop biological particles supply when transfiniting against the wind, carry out Safeguard protection;Pine compressed particle enters combustion furnace 9, the device for igniting 901 controlled by microcomputer controller 4 by feed pipe 10 Pine compressed particle is lighted, the heat of generation founds net 14 by backgauge through air-introduced machine 21 and enters heat transfer cinder box 13, produces after burning Raw ashes fall ash entrance chamber 903 by fire grate 902, and the dust taken up in diabatic process falls into heat transfer 13 bottom of cinder box, Mei Geyi The section time openable 3 side of biological particles combustion box and cleaning door 1301 outside case lid 18, ashes are taken out, due to pine Burning matter it is very high, therefore only generate considerably less ashes and smog when generating a large amount of heat, and outside cleaning door 1301 Heat-resisting sealing asbestos 19 are provided on chamber door 18 to be sealed;The heat of generation enters heat accumulation pipe 11 by heat transfer cinder box 13, Outdoor is discharged from the chimney 17 on air outlet 12 in few smog, and air blower 16 penetrates blowhole 15 for the heat in heat accumulation pipe 11 Dispel to entire interior, improve room temperature, after microcomputer controller is closed, motor stops particle supply, but air-introduced machine and Air blower still can work a period of time, two Fans are simultaneously stopped work after waste heat disperses, not only energy conservation but also play safe guarantor Shield effect.Since shielding fan safe is noiseless, entire warm-air drier power consumption is extremely low, and pine fuel value is high, cost smoke-producing amount is few, Cause the present invention that there is energy conservation and environmental protection, noise is small, and heat dissipation area is big, the effect of high-efficiency low-emission.
The embodiments of the present invention have been described in detail above, but content is only the preferred embodiment of the present invention, It should not be considered as limiting the scope of the invention.All changes and improvements made in accordance with the scope of the present invention, should all It still belongs within this patent covering scope.

Claims (1)

1. a kind of biomass warm-air drier, it is characterised in that: including heat dissipation tank, hopper, biological particles combustion box and micro computer controlled Device processed, the heat dissipation tank are disposed adjacent with biological particles combustion box, and the hopper is located at heat dissipation tank and biological particles burn Case rear, the microcomputer controller are set to biological particles combustion box upper end;The hopper is internally provided with feeding spiro rod And biological particles, the feeding spiro rod are connected with driving motor, the biological particles make an addition to above feeding spiro rod;It is micro- Computer controller can leave the motor off biological particles supply when transfiniting against the wind, carry out safeguard protection;The biologic grain combustion Overheat sensor and combustion furnace are provided in saggar, the overheat sensor is set on biologic grain combustion box wall box, The combustion furnace is set to the biologic grain combustion box bottom of box, is connected by feed pipe with hopper, setting in the combustion furnace There is device for igniting, the device for igniting is arranged with fire grate, is provided with grey room below the fire grate;Accumulation of heat is provided in the heat dissipation tank Pipe, the heat accumulation pipe upper end are connected with air-introduced machine, which is connected with air outlet, the heat accumulation pipe lower end and heat transfer cinder box Top is connected, and the heat transfer cinder box is set to heat dissipation tank bottom, and one end is provided with cleaning door, and the other end is connected with combustion furnace It is logical, it is provided with backgauge between the heat transfer cinder box and combustion furnace and founds net, the heat dissipation chamber interior wall is evenly arranged with several blowholes, should Inner wall outside where blowhole is provided with air blower;Detachable chimney is provided on the air outlet;Packet outside the feed pipe It is wrapped with heat-resisting material;Above the hopper, case lid is hinged with outside biological particles combustion box side and cleaning door;It is described Hopper side wall is provided with observation window;The case lid of the cleaning door is internally provided with sealing asbestos;The overheat sensor is lighted Device, air blower and driving motor are formed between microcomputer controller and are electrically connected;The air-introduced machine is shielding blower;The life Material grains are pine compressed particle class or straw compression particulate species;Detachable protective net is installed outside the heat dissipation tank.
CN201410389437.9A 2014-08-08 2014-08-08 A kind of biomass warm-air drier Active CN105333608B (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201410389437.9A CN105333608B (en) 2014-08-08 2014-08-08 A kind of biomass warm-air drier

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201410389437.9A CN105333608B (en) 2014-08-08 2014-08-08 A kind of biomass warm-air drier

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CN105333608A CN105333608A (en) 2016-02-17
CN105333608B true CN105333608B (en) 2019-01-22

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Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JP2008051477A (en) * 2006-08-28 2008-03-06 Yoshihiro Ebe Heat-shielding heat exchange system in combustion equipment using wood biomass fuel replacing fossil fuel
JP2009068817A (en) * 2007-09-18 2009-04-02 Kazuo Miyatani Batch type combustion boiler using woody biomass or carbide as fuel and hot air generating device
CN202158656U (en) * 2011-07-08 2012-03-07 郑龙和 Energy-saving and environmental-friendly biomass warm air furnace
CN202955737U (en) * 2012-12-12 2013-05-29 于增龙 Straw or firewood heating furnace
CN203501218U (en) * 2013-10-14 2014-03-26 郑州亿美机械设备技术有限公司 Biomass granular fuel radiation fireplace
CN203605274U (en) * 2013-11-26 2014-05-21 临城县薛氏采暖设备有限公司 Biomass energy heating stove
CN204100572U (en) * 2014-08-08 2015-01-14 天津市凯普森冷暖设备有限公司 A kind of living beings warm-air drier

Patent Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JP2008051477A (en) * 2006-08-28 2008-03-06 Yoshihiro Ebe Heat-shielding heat exchange system in combustion equipment using wood biomass fuel replacing fossil fuel
JP2009068817A (en) * 2007-09-18 2009-04-02 Kazuo Miyatani Batch type combustion boiler using woody biomass or carbide as fuel and hot air generating device
CN202158656U (en) * 2011-07-08 2012-03-07 郑龙和 Energy-saving and environmental-friendly biomass warm air furnace
CN202955737U (en) * 2012-12-12 2013-05-29 于增龙 Straw or firewood heating furnace
CN203501218U (en) * 2013-10-14 2014-03-26 郑州亿美机械设备技术有限公司 Biomass granular fuel radiation fireplace
CN203605274U (en) * 2013-11-26 2014-05-21 临城县薛氏采暖设备有限公司 Biomass energy heating stove
CN204100572U (en) * 2014-08-08 2015-01-14 天津市凯普森冷暖设备有限公司 A kind of living beings warm-air drier

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