CN203501218U - Biomass granular fuel radiation fireplace - Google Patents

Biomass granular fuel radiation fireplace Download PDF

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Publication number
CN203501218U
CN203501218U CN201320632357.2U CN201320632357U CN203501218U CN 203501218 U CN203501218 U CN 203501218U CN 201320632357 U CN201320632357 U CN 201320632357U CN 203501218 U CN203501218 U CN 203501218U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
fireplace
combustion chamber
blast
ash
air
Prior art date
Application number
CN201320632357.2U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
程利丽
Original Assignee
郑州亿美机械设备技术有限公司
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Priority to CN201320632357.2U priority Critical patent/CN203501218U/en
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Publication of CN203501218U publication Critical patent/CN203501218U/en

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Abstract

The utility model belongs to the field of indoor heating devices, and particularly relates to a biomass granular fuel radiation fireplace. The fireplace comprises a shell and a radiation pipe arranged on the upper portion of the shell. The shell is provided with a fire observing window. The shell internally comprises a hearth and a device bin which are isolated from each other. A smoke outlet installed in the radiation pipe is communicated with the hearth, a combustion chamber is arranged inside the hearth, an ignition device is arranged below the combustion chamber, the combustion chamber is connected with an ash pushing mechanism horizontally arranged inside the device bin, a feeding mechanism is arranged above the ash pushing mechanism, a material box is arranged above the feeding mechanism, an air blowing mechanism is arranged below the ash pushing mechanism, the air inlet of the air blowing mechanism is communicated with an air box below the combustion chamber, the air outlet of the air blowing mechanism is communicated with the hearth, and the air box is communicated with the outside. The fireplace is simple in structure, small in size, low in cost and capable of burning biomass granular fuel made of a plurality of kinds of raw materials, the automatic control degree is high, and the fireplace is suitable for popularized heating users to carry out small-area heating.

Description

Biomass granule fuel radiation fireplace
Technical field
The utility model belongs to indoor heater field, relates in particular to a kind of radiation fireplace of biomass burning granular fuel.
Background technology
Biomass granule fuel fireplace of the prior art requires high to fuel mass, volume is large, and profile and color are single, and automaticity is low, and safety coefficient is low, and mainly in large area heating, equipment is mainly in high-end heating user, expensive.Residue sawdust compacting after its biomass granule fuel adopting is mainly processed by timber forms, and this kind biomass granule fuel is expensive and output is lower, and burning dust pollution is large, and the duration of ignition is long, and operation stability is poor.
Utility model content
In order to overcome prior art deficiency, the utility model provides a kind of radiation fireplace of biomass burning granular fuel.The utility model is simple in structure, volume is small and exquisite, the biomass granule fuel cheap and plurality of raw materials of can burning is made, combustion process operates steadily, safety coefficient is high, no dust pollution, and automatic controlling level is high, profile and color are various, are suitable for popular heating user and carry out small size heating.
For solving the problems of the technologies described above, the technical solution adopted in the utility model is as follows:
Comprise housing and the radiant tube that is arranged on housing top, housing is provided with fire observation window, burner hearth and device storehouse two parts of in described housing, comprising mutual isolation, the exhaust opening place that radiant tube is installed is communicated with burner hearth, in burner hearth, be provided with combustion chamber, below, combustion chamber is provided with igniter, combustion chamber is connected with horizontally disposed ash-pulling machine structure in device storehouse, ash-pulling machine structure top is provided with feed mechanism, the top of feed mechanism is provided with hopper, ash-pulling machine structure below is provided with Blast mechanism, the air inlet of Blast mechanism is communicated with the bellows that are arranged on below, combustion chamber, the air outlet of Blast mechanism is connected with burner hearth, described bellows are in communication with the outside.
The dead ahead of fireplace hull outside is provided with fire observation window.The flame that personnel produce in the time of can appreciating fuel combustion by fire observation window.
Further, described WeiUXing combustion chamber, combustion chamber, described igniter is point of resistance lighted torch, point of resistance lighted torch is arranged on bottom, U-shaped combustion chamber.
Further, described Blast mechanism below is provided with deashing mechanism, and described deashing mechanism comprises interconnective pull bar and baffle plate, and baffle plate is arranged on below, combustion chamber, and baffle plate below is provided with ash bucket.
Further, ash-pulling machine structure comprises the first auger, and one end of the first auger is arranged in combustion chamber, and the other end is connected with the first motor, and the first motor is positioned at device storehouse.
Further, described feed mechanism comprises the second auger being connected with second motor of device in storehouse, and the second auger is arranged in feeding tube, and feeding tube one end is positioned at directly over combustion chamber, and the other end is positioned at device storehouse.
Further, described Blast mechanism comprises the first air blast, and the air inlet of the first air blast is communicated with the bellows that are arranged on below, combustion chamber, and the air outlet of the first air blast is connected with burner hearth by blowing line.
Further, described fireplace also comprises the radiant tube cooling body that is arranged on device storehouse internal upper part, and radiant tube cooling body comprises the second air blast that is arranged on hopper one side, and the air outlet of the second air blast is connected with radiant tube by cold air duct; Radiant tube upper end is provided with smoke exhaust pipe.
Further, described fireplace also comprises controller, controller respectively be arranged on the ambient temperature sensor of housing outer wall, the device temperature sensor of lower end, setting device storehouse, be arranged on the flame detected temperatures sensor on inboard wall of burner hearth, the detection of fuel sensor being arranged in hopper is connected, controller is also connected with Blast mechanism with ash-pulling machine structure, feed mechanism, igniter, radiant tube cooling body respectively.
Further, be provided with inner bag in burner hearth, inner bag inwall is provided with insulating lining.
Further, described hopper top is provided with case lid, and housing below is provided with base, and described case lid, housing and base are made by panel beating material.
During the utility model work, open the case lid of hopper top, manually granular fuel is joined in hopper, granular fuel enters in the feeding tube of feed mechanism.Then controller is controlled the first air blast startup, outside air in bellows is blasted in burner hearth by blowing line, burner hearth is purged, and controlling resistance fire rod energising heating, after point of resistance lighted torch heating certain time length, feed mechanism carries out material loading, second driven by motor the second auger rotates, the second auger promotes granular fuel and from feeding tube, falls in U-shaped combustion chamber, after feed mechanism work certain time length, ash-pulling machine structure starts, the first auger rotates under the drive of the first motor, the first auger promotes the intensification of being heated of granular fuel to point of resistance lighted torch top, in addition the first air blast air blast, granular fuel takes fire after reaching ignition point, the temperature of burner hearth rises.Flame detected temperatures sensor detects flue-gas temperature and rises, and when achieving the goal temperature, this signal is passed to controller, and controller is controlled feed mechanism, ash-pulling machine structure, the work of point of resistance lighted torch, keeps temperature constant in burner hearth, guarantees fuel normal combustion.In the course of work of holding temperature of the present utility model, feed mechanism cycle material loading, ash-pulling machine structure starts and stops there is certain time-delay compared with feed mechanism, and feed mechanism starts after certain time length, and ash-pulling machine structure starts; Feed mechanism stops after certain time length, ash-pulling machine structure stops: guaranteeing to fall into granular fuel in U-shaped combustion chamber in U-shaped combustion chamber after completing combustion, the granular fuel newly being entered, under the effect of ash-pulling machine structure, pushes on the baffle plate of deashing mechanism of U-shaped combustion chamber below; The flue gas that granular fuel burning produces is entered in radiant tube and is carried out heat exchange by burner hearth, and then the flue gas after heat exchange is discharged to outdoor from radiant tube by smoke exhaust pipe; The second air blast air blast in radiant tube cooling body, the air by device in storehouse blasts in radiant tube by cold air duct, radiant tube is carried out cooling, improves heat exchange efficiency and the unit heat transfer intensity of radiant tube; After the utility model operation certain time length, pull the pull bar of deashing mechanism, pull bar drives baffle plate rectilinear motion, and on baffle plate, ashes fall into ash bucket, are manually focused on.When ambient temperature sensor detects room temperature, achieve the goal after temperature, signal is passed to controller, the utility model enters holding state, and when room temperature reduces, ambient temperature sensor passes signal is to controller, the utility model work; Equipment in device temperature sensor detecting device storehouse temperature under flame conducts heat reaches after working limit, and transmission of signal is to controller, and the utility model enters holding state; Detection of fuel sensor detects the fuel material level in hopper, and when hopper fuel is not enough, detection of fuel sensor passes signal is to controller, and controller is reported to the police; After fueling, report to the police and automatically terminate.
Compared with prior art, tool has the following advantages the utility model:
1) volume is small and exquisite, and compared with prior art, volume reduces 50%;
2) fuel is applied widely, the multiple biomass granule fuels such as the utility model can adopt single wood pellet fuel, mixes many wood pellets fuel, granular fuel with crop straw, weeds granular fuel, and dust emission is few, compared with prior art reduce 50%;
3) simple in structure, cheap, compare with prior art products cost and reduce 80%;
4) long service life, compares with prior art products and extends 3-5;
5) combustion rate reaches 98%, and heat utilization rate reaches 85%, and CO emission 0.5% compares with prior art products that combustion rate is high by 20%, and heat utilization rate is high by 10%, and CO emission reduces by 5%;
6) the utility model adopts sealing burning, forces air feed, forced fume exhaust, i.e. and the discharge of flue gas leans on the draft of burner hearth in pressure-fired and smoke exhaust pipe to force to discharge, and safety coefficient is high, and power consumption is low.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is internal structure schematic diagram of the present utility model;
Fig. 2 is external structure schematic diagram of the present utility model.
The specific embodiment
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing, the utility model is described in further detail.
As shown in Figure 1-2, biomass granule fuel radiation fireplace, comprise housing 23 and the radiant tube 21 that is arranged on housing 23 tops, the outer fire observation window 20 that is provided with of housing 23, housing 23 lower ends are provided with base 17, in housing 23, comprise the burner hearth 12 and the device storehouse 24 that are horizontally disposed with and mutually isolate, radiant tube 21 is communicated with burner hearth 12 with housing 23 junction exhaust openings, radiant tube 21 upper ends are provided with smoke exhaust pipe 22, in burner hearth 12, be provided with U-shaped combustion chamber 8, 8 bottoms, U-shaped combustion chamber are provided with point of resistance lighted torch 7, U-shaped combustion chamber 8 is connected with horizontally disposed ash-pulling machine structure 4 in device storehouse, ash-pulling machine structure 4 comprises the first auger, one end of the first auger is arranged in U-shaped combustion chamber 8, the other end is connected with the first motor, the first motor is positioned at device storehouse 24.Ash-pulling machine structure 4 tops are provided with feed mechanism 3, and feed mechanism 3 comprises the second auger being connected with the second motor in device storehouse 24, and the second auger is arranged in feeding tube, and feeding tube one end is positioned at directly over U-shaped combustion chamber 8, and the other end is positioned at device storehouse 24.The top of feed mechanism 3 is provided with hopper 2, and hopper 2 tops are provided with case lid 1; Ash-pulling machine structure 4 belows are provided with Blast mechanism 5, Blast mechanism 5 comprises the first air blast, the air inlet of the first air blast is communicated with the bellows 9 that are arranged on 8 belows, U-shaped combustion chamber, and bellows 9 are in communication with the outside, and the air outlet of the first air blast is connected with burner hearth 12 by blowing line.Blast mechanism 5 belows are provided with deashing mechanism 6, and described deashing mechanism 6 comprises interconnective pull bar and baffle plate, and baffle plate is arranged on 8 belows, U-shaped combustion chamber, and baffle plate below is provided with ash bucket 10.
Described fireplace also comprises the radiant tube cooling body 19 that is arranged on device storehouse 24 internal upper parts, and radiant tube cooling body 19 comprises the second air blast that is arranged on hopper 2 one sides, and the air outlet of the second air blast is connected with radiant tube 21 by cold air duct.
Described fireplace also comprises controller 25, controller 25 respectively be arranged on housing 23 outer walls ambient temperature sensor 18, be arranged on 24 lower ends, device storehouse device temperature sensor 11, be arranged on the flame detected temperatures sensor 16 on burner hearth 12 inwalls, the detection of fuel sensor being arranged in hopper 2 is connected 14, controller 25 is also connected with ash-pulling machine structure 4, feed mechanism 3, point of resistance lighted torch 7, radiant tube cooling body 19 and Blast mechanism 5 respectively.Burner hearth 12 inwalls are provided with inner bag 13, and inner bag 13 inwalls are provided with insulating lining 15.Described case lid 1, housing 23 and base 17 are made by panel beating material.
During the utility model work, open case lid 1, manually granular fuel is joined in hopper 2, granular fuel enters in the feeding tube of feed mechanism 3.Then controller 25 is controlled the first air blast startup of Blast mechanism 5, outside air in bellows 11 is blasted in burner hearth 12 by blowing line, burner hearth 12 is purged, and controlling resistance fire rod 7 energising heating, after point of resistance lighted torch 7 heating certain time length, feed mechanism 3 carries out material loading, second driven by motor the second auger rotates, the second auger promotes granular fuel and from feeding tube, falls in U-shaped combustion chamber 8, after feed mechanism work certain time length, ash-pulling machine structure 4 starts, the first auger rotates under the drive of the first motor, the first auger promotes the intensification of being heated of granular fuel to point of resistance lighted torch 7 tops, in addition the first air blast air blast, granular fuel takes fire after reaching ignition point, the temperature of burner hearth 12 rises.Flame detected temperatures sensor 16 detects flue-gas temperature and rises, when achieving the goal temperature, this signal is passed to controller 25, and controller 25 is controlled feed mechanism 3, ash-pulling machine structure 4, the interior temperature constant of point of resistance lighted torch 7 work maintenance burner hearth 12, guarantees fuel normal combustion.In the course of work of holding temperature of the present utility model, 3 cycle of feed mechanism material loading, ash-pulling machine structure 4 starts and stops there is certain time-delay compared with feed mechanism 3, and feed mechanism 3 starts after certain time length, and ash-pulling machine structure 4 starts; Feed mechanism 3 stops after certain time length, and ash-pulling machine structure 4 stops.Assurance falls into granular fuel in U-shaped combustion chamber 8 after completing combustion, and the granular fuel newly being entered, under the effect of ash-pulling machine structure 4, is pushed on the baffle plate of deashing mechanism 6 of 8 belows, U-shaped combustion chamber; The flue gas that granular fuel burning produces is entered in radiant tube 21 and is carried out heat exchange by burner hearth 12, and then the flue gas after heat exchange is discharged to outdoor by smoke exhaust pipe 22 from radiant tube 21; The second air blast air blast in radiant tube cooling body 19, the air by device in storehouse 24 blasts in radiant tube 21 by cold air duct, radiant tube 21 is carried out cooling, improves heat exchange efficiency and the unit heat transfer intensity of radiant tube 21; After the utility model operation certain time length, pull the pull bar of deashing mechanism 6, pull bar drives baffle plate rectilinear motion, and on baffle plate, ashes fall into ash bucket 10, are manually focused on.When ambient temperature sensor 18 detects room temperatures, achieve the goal after temperature, signal is passed to controller 25, the utility model enters holding state, and when room temperature reduces, ambient temperature sensor 18 transmission of signals are to controller 25, the utility model work; Equipment in device temperature sensor 11 checkout gear storehouses 24 temperature under flame conducts heat reaches after working limit, and transmission of signal is to controller 25, and the utility model enters holding state; The fuel material level that detection of fuel sensor 14 detects in hopper 2, when hopper 2 fuels are not enough, detection of fuel sensor 14 transmission of signals are to controller 25, and controller 25 is reported to the police; After fueling, warning automatically terminates.

Claims (10)

1. biomass granule fuel radiation fireplace, comprise housing and the radiant tube that is arranged on housing top, housing is provided with fire observation window, it is characterized in that: burner hearth and device storehouse two parts of in described housing, comprising mutual isolation, the exhaust opening place that radiant tube is installed is communicated with burner hearth, in burner hearth, be provided with combustion chamber, below, combustion chamber is provided with igniter, combustion chamber is connected with horizontally disposed ash-pulling machine structure in device storehouse, ash-pulling machine structure top is provided with feed mechanism, the top of feed mechanism is provided with hopper, ash-pulling machine structure below is provided with Blast mechanism, the air inlet of Blast mechanism is communicated with the bellows that are arranged on below, combustion chamber, the air outlet of Blast mechanism is connected with burner hearth, described bellows are in communication with the outside.
2. biomass granule fuel radiation fireplace as claimed in claim 1, is characterized in that: described WeiUXing combustion chamber, combustion chamber, and described igniter is point of resistance lighted torch, point of resistance lighted torch is arranged on bottom, U-shaped combustion chamber.
3. biomass granule fuel radiation fireplace as claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that: described Blast mechanism below is provided with deashing mechanism, described deashing mechanism comprises interconnective pull bar and baffle plate, and baffle plate is arranged on below, combustion chamber, and baffle plate below is provided with ash bucket.
4. biomass granule fuel radiation fireplace as claimed in claim 1, is characterized in that: ash-pulling machine structure comprises the first auger, and one end of the first auger is arranged in combustion chamber, and the other end is connected with the first motor, and the first motor is positioned at device storehouse.
5. biomass granule fuel radiation fireplace as claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that: described feed mechanism comprises the second auger being connected with second motor of device in storehouse, the second auger is arranged in feeding tube, and feeding tube one end is positioned at directly over combustion chamber, and the other end is positioned at device storehouse.
6. biomass granule fuel radiation fireplace as claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that: described Blast mechanism comprises the first air blast, the air inlet of the first air blast is communicated with the bellows that are arranged on below, combustion chamber, and the air outlet of the first air blast is connected with burner hearth by blowing line.
7. biomass granule fuel radiation fireplace as claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that: described fireplace also comprises the radiant tube cooling body that is arranged on device storehouse internal upper part, radiant tube cooling body comprises the second air blast that is arranged on hopper one side, and the air outlet of the second air blast is connected with radiant tube by cold air duct; Radiant tube upper end is provided with smoke exhaust pipe.
8. the biomass granule fuel radiation fireplace as described in as arbitrary in claim 1-7, it is characterized in that: described fireplace also comprises controller, controller respectively be arranged on the ambient temperature sensor of housing outer wall, the device temperature sensor of lower end, setting device storehouse, be arranged on the flame detected temperatures sensor on inboard wall of burner hearth, the detection of fuel sensor being arranged in hopper is connected, controller is also connected with Blast mechanism with ash-pulling machine structure, feed mechanism, igniter, radiant tube cooling body respectively.
9. biomass granule fuel radiation fireplace as claimed in claim 8, is characterized in that: in burner hearth, be provided with inner bag, inner bag inwall is provided with insulating lining.
10. biomass granule fuel radiation fireplace as claimed in claim 1, is characterized in that: described hopper top is provided with case lid, and housing below is provided with base, and described case lid, housing and base are made by panel beating material.
CN201320632357.2U 2013-10-14 2013-10-14 Biomass granular fuel radiation fireplace CN203501218U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201320632357.2U CN203501218U (en) 2013-10-14 2013-10-14 Biomass granular fuel radiation fireplace

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201320632357.2U CN203501218U (en) 2013-10-14 2013-10-14 Biomass granular fuel radiation fireplace

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Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105333608A (en) * 2014-08-08 2016-02-17 天津市凯普森冷暖设备有限公司 Biomass warm air blower
CN106196178A (en) * 2016-07-07 2016-12-07 宁波圣菲机械制造有限公司 A kind of biomass fireplace
CN106352373A (en) * 2016-08-23 2017-01-25 黄云鸿 High-energy-efficiency furnace
CN110906538A (en) * 2019-12-04 2020-03-24 湖南省农友盛泰农业科技有限公司 Biomass hot blast stove and control system

Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105333608A (en) * 2014-08-08 2016-02-17 天津市凯普森冷暖设备有限公司 Biomass warm air blower
CN105333608B (en) * 2014-08-08 2019-01-22 天津市凯普森冷暖设备有限公司 A kind of biomass warm-air drier
CN106196178A (en) * 2016-07-07 2016-12-07 宁波圣菲机械制造有限公司 A kind of biomass fireplace
CN106352373A (en) * 2016-08-23 2017-01-25 黄云鸿 High-energy-efficiency furnace
CN110906538A (en) * 2019-12-04 2020-03-24 湖南省农友盛泰农业科技有限公司 Biomass hot blast stove and control system

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CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20140326

Termination date: 20141014

EXPY Termination of patent right or utility model