CN203375478U - Integrated gasification furnace - Google Patents

Integrated gasification furnace Download PDF

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Publication number
CN203375478U
CN203375478U CN201320470759.7U CN201320470759U CN203375478U CN 203375478 U CN203375478 U CN 203375478U CN 201320470759 U CN201320470759 U CN 201320470759U CN 203375478 U CN203375478 U CN 203375478U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
gasification
arranges
furnace
combustion chamber
heater
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CN201320470759.7U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
吴杰
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河北秋阳秸秆开发有限公司
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Priority to CN201320470759.7U priority Critical patent/CN203375478U/en
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Publication of CN203375478U publication Critical patent/CN203375478U/en

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Abstract

The utility model discloses an integrated gasification furnace. The integrated gasification furnace comprises a storage chamber arranged on one side inside a furnace body, a gasification combustion chamber and a gasification reaction chamber, wherein the gasification combustion chamber and the gasification reaction chamber are arranged on the other side inside the furnace body. A feed port with a charging cover is formed in the upper portion of the storage chamber, and a dropping plate downward communicated to the gasification reaction chamber in an inclined mode is arranged on the bottom of the storage chamber. An air distribution device and a water-cooling furnace grate are arranged on the bottom of the gasification reaction chamber, and a separating plate with a fuel gas channel is arranged between the upper portion of the gasification reaction chamber and the gasification combustion chamber. An annular air supply pipe provided with an air hole is formed in the middle of the gasification combustion chamber, and a cooking range communicated with a chimney is arranged on the upper portion of the gasification combustion chamber. An upper furnace door, a middle furnace door and a lower furnace door are arranged outside the furnace body. The cooking range, the chimney, the storage chamber, the gasification combustion chamber and the gasification reaction chamber are all provided with water jackets. According to the integrated gasification furnace, decoking, deslagging, ash dropping and charging are achieved in the combustion process, automatic dropping is achieved, smoke does not overflow in the secondary charging process, and tar and waste water discharge is avoided. The integrated gasification furnace is simple in structure and convenient to operate.

Description

The integral type gasification furnace

Technical field

The utility model relates to a kind of stove and accessory, a kind ofly specifically take the gasification furnace that living beings are raw material, can be used for the cooking heating.

Background technology

Biomass gasifying furnace be take living beings as fuel, uses green novel energy source, has powerful vitality.Biomass material is mainly agricultural crop straw, forest tree castoff, edible fungi residues, cattle and sheep animal manure and all inflammable substances, is a kind of inexhaustible regenerated resources.

At present, the combustion system of biomass furnace has half vaporization combustion, reverse-flow updraft type gasification, and combustion, gasification, and combustion and directly burning.Half vaporization combustion stove and accessory burning has slagging scorification, and cost is high, the secondary charging trouble, and efficiency is low; Reverse-flow gasified combustion stove efficiency is high, but the secondary charging trouble; Gasified combustion stove is restricted to ingredient requirement, must be with pulverizing dry fuel, ash discharge difficulty during burning, raw material can only disposablely add disposable use, can not continuous charging, and open bell and have a large amount of flue gases and emerge, and tar causes secondary pollution, complicated integral structure, superseded; The efficiency of combustion of direct-fired stove and accessory is low, and fuel and air feed do not mate, and pollution is arranged, and troublesome poeration is eliminated just gradually.

In prior art, biomass furnace mainly by body of heater, cooling jacket, water-cooled row structure, lower ash output mouth, open upper ash hole soon, the charging aperture seal cover forms.The center of body of heater upper end is provided with charging aperture, is provided with the charging aperture seal cover of water seal on charging aperture.The middle and upper part of body of heater arranges Bunker, for depositing straw material to be burnt, simultaneously also as combustion chamber.The middle and lower part of body of heater is provided with water-cooled row structure, as the combustion grate of biomass furnace.The following lower furnace body of water-cooled row structure arranges the cooling jacket of sandwich, and the water of the water in cooling jacket and water-cooled row structure is logical, with water pump, drives circulation.The biomass furnace efficiency of combustion of traditional structural design is low, and pollution is arranged.Due to the storehouse that both acted as a fuel, the middle and upper part of body of heater, again as combustion chamber, have on the one hand the trouble of secondary charging, also higher to the requirement of fuel on the other hand, filler should be take the fuel of drying and crushing as main as far as possible, otherwise can cause a large amount of tar and lime-ash.And the deslagging ability of lower portion of furnace body water-cooled row structure also obviously not.Moreover this design has a large amount of flue gases and emerges opening bell.

The utility model content

The utility model technical issues that need to address are to provide a kind of secondary charging, integral type gasification furnace that efficiency of combustion is high be convenient to.

For solving the problems of the technologies described above, the technical scheme that the utility model adopts is:

The integral type gasification furnace, comprise body of heater, and the side in described body of heater arranges storage compartment, and the opposite side in body of heater arranges gasification combustion chamber and the gasification reactor chamber distributed up and down,

The top of described storage compartment is provided with the charging aperture of feeding cover, and the bottom of storage compartment arranges under oblique the feeding plate that is communicated to the gasification reactor chamber middle part,

The bottom of described gasification reactor chamber arranges the air register be communicated with blower fan, and the air register top arranges water-cooled grate, between the top of gasification reactor chamber and gasification combustion chamber, dividing plate is set, and blast tube is offered at the center of dividing plate,

The middle part of described gasification combustion chamber arranges the annular around gasification combustion chamber's madial wall be communicated with blower fan and supplies airduct, and annular is for the wind hole of evenly offering the annular air feed tube hub of some sensings on airduct, and the top of gasification combustion chamber arranges the kitchen range that is communicated with chimney,

The corresponding gasification combustion chamber in the described body of heater outside arranges upper furnace door, the top of the corresponding gasification reactor chamber in the body of heater outside arranges middle fire door, the bottom of the corresponding gasification reactor chamber in the body of heater outside arranges lower furnace door, and described kitchen range, chimney, storage compartment, gasification combustion chamber and gasification reactor chamber all arrange water jacket.

Further improvement of the utility model is: described kitchen range comprises the kitchen range mouth that is positioned at the gasification combustion chamber upper surface, and kitchen range mouth place arranges wire netting, and the top of wire netting arranges the radiation around the kitchen range mouth that a circle is communicated with the water jacket ring that is heated.

Further improvement of the utility model is: between described kitchen range and storage compartment, exhaust gases passes is set, the inboard of feeding cover coordinates the baffle plate that blocks exhaust gases passes after being fixedly installed on and fastening feeding cover.

Further improvement of the utility model is: described feeding cover is the square covering plate structure that is hinged on the body of heater upper surface, the edge of feeding cover surrounding arranges the lower edge of extending vertically downward, the inboard on lower edge arranges sealing strip, and the body of heater upper surface arranges and the lower upper seam along the corresponding charging aperture around storage compartment one circle.

Further improvement of the utility model is: on described water-cooled grate, coke removing appts is set, described coke removing appts comprises the coking sleeve pipe that removes be sleeved on water-cooled grate, except being fixedly installed dregs breaking tooth on coking sleeve pipe, except an end of coking sleeve pipe is connected with the decoking handle stretched out body of heater.

Further improvement of the utility model is: described air register comprises an aid distributing box that is positioned at center, and aid distributing box is communicated with eight and is located in the same horizontal plane the aid distributing pipe that is even circle distribution, and the both sides level of aid distributing pipe is offered wind pushing hole.

Further improvement of the utility model is: the feeding plate below of described storage compartment is provided for placing the fan house of blower fan, and described blower fan is by being positioned at being communicated with for airduct with air register and annular respectively for airduct of burner hearth.

Owing to having adopted technique scheme, the technological progress that the utility model is obtained is:

The utility model divides storage compartment and gasification combustion chamber to be arranged, and increased gasification combustion chamber, changed the traditional design that former combuster and storage compartment are all a Room, can carry out secondary charging to storage compartment by feeding cover in combustion process, and because storage compartment is adjacent with gasification combustion chamber, can carry out preheating and drying to fuel by the heat of gasification combustion chamber, effectively improve efficiency of combustion.The bottom, storage compartment arranges the feeding plate of inclination, after biomass fuel joins storage compartment by feeding cover, fuel enters gasification reactor chamber under Action of Gravity Field, when the indoor fuel combustion of gasification reaction to a certain extent, the horizontal level of fuel descends, fuel in storage compartment slips into again that gasification reaction is indoor carries out gasification reaction, thereby realizes automatic blanking.The madial wall of gasification combustion chamber arranges annular for airduct, and after middle fire door igniting, during normal combustion, the combustible gas of the indoor generation of gasification reaction enters gasification combustion chamber through blast tube, after the auxiliary air of supplying for airduct with annular mixes, high-temp combustion occurs.

The utility model is the feeding cover hinged design, be convenient to open carry out secondary charging, after fastening, be hermetically-sealed construction, avoid in combustion process flue gas from storage compartment one side overflow.

The exhaust gases passes that the utility model is communicated with storage compartment in the design of kitchen range place, utilize the draft effect of chimney, makes the flue gas in storage compartment enter kitchen range by exhaust gases passes, above wire netting, after burning, from chimney, discharging.And, for open feeding cover when reinforced flue gas from feeding cover, discharge, designed baffle plate, after opening feeding cover, the baffle plate of feeding cover below is subjected to displacement thereupon, and baffle plate blocks residue flue gas in storage compartment to be continued to rise, and makes flue gas affected after exhaust gases passes by baffle plate and is discharged by chimney.

The utility model arranges wire netting at the kitchen range mouth, and the radiation ring that is heated is set on wire netting top, stop flue gas lime-ash and tar discharge, improve heating surface area.

The utility model is provided with coke removing appts at water-cooled grate, in combustion process, only need pull the decoking handle, and dregs breaking tooth can scratch lime-ash and ash is burnt, can realize the break ash that falls.

The utility model has designed radial air register, and air feed is even, and air register and water-cooled grate all are arranged in burner hearth, is convenient to utilize the high temperature in burner hearth, improves the wind regime that certain heat is arranged, and improves efficiency of combustion.

The utility model can not only be used irregular agriculture and forestry organic waste material, leftover bits and pieces to act as a fuel, and can use the shaped fuel such as briquetting, and fuel stem is wet all can; Decoking, the ash that removes the gred, falls, reinforced in combustion process, and realized automatic blanking, during secondary charging, do not have flue gas to overflow; Without tar and discharge of wastewater, simple in structure, easy to operate.

The accompanying drawing explanation

Fig. 1 is structural representation of the present utility model;

Fig. 2 is the top view of Fig. 1;

Fig. 3 is the front view of water-cooled grate of the present utility model.

Wherein, 1, body of heater, 2, upper furnace door, 3, annular is for airduct, and 4, blast tube, 5, middle fire door, 6, coke removing appts, 7, water-cooled grate, 8, aid distributing pipe, 9, lower furnace door, 10, for airduct, 11, aid distributing box, 12, fan house, 13, the radiation ring that is heated, 14, wire netting, 15, exhaust gases passes, 16, feeding cover, 17, baffle plate, 18, gasification combustion chamber, 19, storage compartment, 20, gasification reactor chamber, 21, chimney, 22, outlet pipe, 23, water inlet pipe, 24, the decoking handle, 25, except coking sleeve pipe, 26, dregs breaking tooth.

The specific embodiment

Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing, the utility model is described in further details:

The integral type gasification furnace, as depicted in figs. 1 and 2, comprise body of heater 1, storage compartment 19, fan house 12, gasification combustion chamber 18 and gasification reactor chamber 20, kitchen range.A side in described body of heater 1 arranges storage compartment 19 and fan house 12, and storage compartment 19 is positioned at the top of fan house 12; Opposite side in body of heater 1 arranges gasification combustion chamber 18 and gasification reactor chamber 20, and gasification combustion chamber 18 is positioned at the top of gasification reactor chamber 20.Storage compartment 19 is communicated with gasification reactor chamber 20 by blanking port, and gasification reactor chamber 20 is communicated with gasification combustion chamber 18 by blast tube 4.

19 top, described storage compartment arranges square charging aperture, and the corresponding charging aperture in the upper surface of body of heater 1 arranges feeding cover 16.Described feeding cover 16 is square covering plate structure, and limit of square cover plate and the upper surface of body of heater are hinged, and four limits of square cover plate arrange lower edge, and lower edge arranges vertically downward and connects as one with square cover plate.The upper surface of body of heater 1 arranges seam in the surrounding of the charging aperture of storage compartment 19, and upper seam is positioned at lower to inboard, and height along corresponding, is convenient to realize the fastening of feeding cover 16 and upper seam with lower.Further, the lower of feeding cover 16 arranges sealing strip along inboard.19 bottom, storage compartment is communicated with the middle part of gasification reactor chamber 20 by blanking port, and the position of the corresponding blanking port in the bottom of storage compartment 19 arranges under oblique the feeding plate that is communicated to gasification reactor chamber 20 middle parts,

Described fan house 12 is positioned at the feeding plate below of storage compartment 19, for placing blower fan.

The bottom of described gasification reactor chamber 20 arranges air register and water-cooled grate 7.Described air register comprises an aid distributing box 11 that is positioned at the gasification reactor chamber center, and aid distributing box 11 is by being communicated with the blower fan in fan house 12 for airduct 10.Aid distributing box 11 is communicated with 8, eight aid distributing pipes 8 of eight radial aid distributing pipes and is located in the same horizontal plane and is circularly and evenly distributed.Eight aid distributing pipes 8 comprise four long tubes and four short tubes, and long tube and short tube are spaced, and some wind pushing holes are offered in the both sides of aid distributing pipe 8, and the wind levels that wind pushing hole is sent out is outside.Water-cooled grate 7 is positioned at the top of air register, on described water-cooled grate 7, coke removing appts 6 is set, as shown in Figure 3, described coke removing appts 6 comprise be sleeved on water-cooled grate except coking sleeve pipe 25, except being fixedly installed dregs breaking tooth 26 on coking sleeve pipe 25, except an end of coking sleeve pipe 25 is connected with the decoking handle 24 stretched out body of heater.

The dividing plate of cross direction profiles is set between described gasification combustion chamber 18 and gasification reactor chamber 20, and blast tube 4 is offered at the center of dividing plate.The middle part of described gasification combustion chamber 18 arranges annular for airduct 3, annular is the madial wall setting around gasification combustion chamber 18 for airduct 3, annular is evenly offered some wind hole on the interior side ring surface of airduct 3, and the circle ring center of annular for airduct offered and all pointed to the wind hole horizontal.Annular also is communicated with the blower fan in fan house for airduct 3, and the airduct 10 that supplies for airduct and air register by annular for airduct 3 all is arranged in burner hearth, is convenient to improve ventilation temperature.

Described kitchen range is arranged on the top of gasification combustion chamber 18.Kitchen range comprises the circular kitchen range mouth that is positioned at the gasification combustion chamber upper surface, and kitchen range mouth place arranges wire netting 14, and the top of wire netting 14 arranges the radiation around the kitchen range mouth that a circle is communicated with the water jacket ring 13 that is heated.The side of kitchen range is communicated with chimney 21.Exhaust gases passes 15 is set between described kitchen range and storage compartment, the inboard of feeding cover 16 is fixedly installed baffle plate 17, the shape of baffle plate 17 can coordinate and block exhaust gases passes after fastening feeding cover, can be when secondary charging, feeding cover 16 is opened, baffle plate 17 after removing keeps off the flue gas of storage compartment 19 15 li of exhaust gases passes, allows flue gas discharge from chimney through kitchen range under the draft of chimney 21.

The corresponding gasification combustion chamber 18 in described body of heater 1 outside arranges upper furnace door 2, and the top of the corresponding gasification reactor chamber 20 in body of heater 1 outside arranges middle fire door 5, and the bottom of the corresponding gasification reactor chamber 20 in the body of heater outside arranges lower furnace door 9.Described kitchen range, chimney 21, storage compartment 19, gasification combustion chamber 18 and gasification reactor chamber 20 all arrange water jacket, and as shown in Figure 2, storage compartment's one side arranges the water inlet pipe 23 of water jacket, and chimney one side arranges the outlet pipe 22 of water jacket.

Claims (7)

1. the integral type gasification furnace, comprise body of heater (1), it is characterized in that: the side in described body of heater arranges storage compartment (19), and the opposite side in body of heater arranges gasification combustion chamber (18) and the gasification reactor chamber (20) distributed up and down,
The top of described storage compartment (19) is provided with the charging aperture of feeding cover (16), and the bottom of storage compartment (19) arranges under oblique the feeding plate that is communicated to the gasification reactor chamber middle part,
The bottom of described gasification reactor chamber (20) arranges the air register be communicated with blower fan, and the air register top arranges water-cooled grate (7), between the top of gasification reactor chamber (20) and gasification combustion chamber (18), dividing plate is set, and blast tube (4) is offered at the center of dividing plate,
The middle part of described gasification combustion chamber (18) arranges the annular around gasification combustion chamber (18) madial wall be communicated with blower fan and supplies airduct (3), annular is for evenly offering the wind hole of the annular air feed tube hub of some sensings on airduct (3), the top of gasification combustion chamber (18) arranges the kitchen range that is communicated with chimney (21)
Described body of heater (1) the corresponding gasification combustion chamber in the outside (18) arranges upper furnace door (2), the top of body of heater (1) the corresponding gasification reactor chamber in the outside (20) arranges middle fire door (5), the bottom of body of heater (1) the corresponding gasification reactor chamber in the outside (20) arranges lower furnace door (9), and described kitchen range, chimney (21), storage compartment (19), gasification combustion chamber (18) and gasification reactor chamber (20) all arrange water jacket.
2. integral type gasification furnace according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described kitchen range comprises the kitchen range mouth that is positioned at gasification combustion chamber (18) upper surface, kitchen range mouth place arranges wire netting (14), and the top of wire netting (14) arranges the radiation around the kitchen range mouth that a circle is communicated with the water jacket ring (13) that is heated.
3. integral type gasification furnace according to claim 1 and 2, it is characterized in that: exhaust gases passes (15) is set between described kitchen range and storage compartment (19), and the inboard of feeding cover (16) coordinates the baffle plate (17) that blocks exhaust gases passes after being fixedly installed on and fastening feeding cover.
4. integral type gasification furnace according to claim 3, it is characterized in that: described feeding cover (16) is for being hinged on the square covering plate structure of body of heater upper surface, the edge of feeding cover (16) surrounding arranges the lower edge of extending vertically downward, the inboard on lower edge arranges sealing strip, and the body of heater upper surface arranges and the lower upper seam along the corresponding charging aperture around storage compartment one circle.
5. integral type gasification furnace according to claim 1 and 2, it is characterized in that: coke removing appts (6) is set on described water-cooled grate (7), described coke removing appts (6) comprise be sleeved on water-cooled grate except coking sleeve pipe (25), except being fixedly installed dregs breaking tooth (26) on coking sleeve pipe (25), except an end of coking sleeve pipe (25) is connected with the decoking handle (24) stretched out body of heater.
6. integral type gasification furnace according to claim 1 and 2, it is characterized in that: described air register comprises an aid distributing box (11) that is positioned at center, aid distributing box (11) is communicated with eight and is located in the same horizontal plane the aid distributing pipe (8) that is even circle distribution, and the both sides level of aid distributing pipe (8) is offered wind pushing hole.
7. integral type gasification furnace according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: the feeding plate below of described storage compartment (19) is provided for placing the fan house (12) of blower fan, and described blower fan is by being positioned at being communicated with for airduct (3) with air register and annular respectively for airduct (10) of burner hearth.
CN201320470759.7U 2013-08-02 2013-08-02 Integrated gasification furnace CN203375478U (en)

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Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105066184A (en) * 2015-07-24 2015-11-18 北票市盛邦生物质能源科技有限公司 Novel biomass particle gasification stove
CN106287830A (en) * 2016-08-30 2017-01-04 成都沸鼎环保设备有限公司 A kind of can the combustion furnace of the excessive flue gas of self-priming
CN106678878A (en) * 2016-08-30 2017-05-17 成都沸鼎环保设备有限公司 Smokeless combustion furnace structure
CN106931429A (en) * 2017-03-10 2017-07-07 山东百川同创能源有限公司 A kind of gasification, and combustion all-in-one oven
CN110657645A (en) * 2019-06-18 2020-01-07 何如意 Method for directly utilizing crop straw gasification combustion to bake grain

Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105066184A (en) * 2015-07-24 2015-11-18 北票市盛邦生物质能源科技有限公司 Novel biomass particle gasification stove
CN105066184B (en) * 2015-07-24 2017-04-12 北票市邦立锅炉有限公司 Biomass particle gasification stove
CN106287830A (en) * 2016-08-30 2017-01-04 成都沸鼎环保设备有限公司 A kind of can the combustion furnace of the excessive flue gas of self-priming
CN106678878A (en) * 2016-08-30 2017-05-17 成都沸鼎环保设备有限公司 Smokeless combustion furnace structure
CN106931429A (en) * 2017-03-10 2017-07-07 山东百川同创能源有限公司 A kind of gasification, and combustion all-in-one oven
CN110657645A (en) * 2019-06-18 2020-01-07 何如意 Method for directly utilizing crop straw gasification combustion to bake grain

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EXPY Termination of patent right or utility model
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20140101

Termination date: 20150802